Skip to main content

Full text of "Handbook of Settlements"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on Hbrary shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http : //books . google . com/| 

\ .h-^ 


c- -; -^ 



* ■ 

<^ J -^ . \ 


THE PnrSBUBGH SURVEY. Findings in six volumes, edited 
by Paul U. Kellogg. 8vo. Fully illustrated with photos 
by Hine and drawings by Joseph Stella. Maps, charts, and 
tables. Price per set, $9 net J per volume. $1.50 net. 

WOMEFf AND TKE TRADES. By EUubelh Beiidiltr Bullet. PHce, ponpHd. 

SI. 72. 
WOBK-ACaOEmrS and the law. B^ Crritil EuinuD. Price, poitpild, 

THE STEEL WORKERS. By John A. F<Ich. No 7ork Dcpl. of Labor. Prici. p«I- 


ton. Price, poilpald, $1.70. 
THE PrrrSBURGH DISTRICT. Sr^jmifja bf Jobti R. CottmaoM, Rotkui A. 

Woodi. FloHace Keller- Char[ea MuJfcid RaUuon ud olfaen. (In prciMn- 

PflTSBURGH. THE GIST OF THE. SURVEY. By Piul U. Kellogg. (In pnpm- 

CORRECTION AND PREVENTION. Four volumes prepared 
for the Eighth International Prison Congress. Edited by 
Charles Richmond Henderson, Ph.D. Svo, Price per set, 
express prepaid, $10; per volume, S2.50 net. 


Smith. liluiinlcd. 320 iugu. Price, paitp^il.' yij*. 

IIluiiTited. 34« FVRci. Price. i»>ipsl<J, C7a. 
Ph.D. iW ptX"- Price, poilpild, S2.ia. 
. . _ . . ji^^ mihorfUM, Uluilrili-' ■■" 

. LL.D. With 






by HastlnES H. Hjrt. LL J3. Bvo. 160 pigeL Price, poBtpild. SI.UI. 
<S« Alio. Olber Volumu Id PrEiunUoii.) 


HOUSING REFORM. A Hendbook tot 1 

[ulu. Price, poeliuld. S1.25. 
HOUSE LAW. GMhe lucEi a U« aection by x 
■■ ~ '.11.2 


Price. pulMld. SI.2S. AIk, ■ 

Frankel and Miles M. Dawson, with the co-operation of Louis 
I. Dublin. Part I. Industrial Accidents. Part II. Sickness 
and Death. Part EI. Invalidity and Old Age. Part IV. 
Unemployment. PartV. Complete Insurance Systems. 8vo. 
450 pages. 145 tables. Bibliography. Price, postpaid, $2.70. 



105 EAST 22d STREET. NEW YORK over 


WIDER USE OF THE SCHOOL PLANT. B^ CUreoce Artiiot Pttty. Ulu>IiiI«J. 

12iiio. 404 paB«' Price, poitiulil. 11.25. 
AMONG SCHOOL GARDENS. Br M. Loulu Gitenc, M.Pd., Ph.D. miutnud. 

I2ma. 3BD luin. Price. poMpald. SI.25. 
LAGGARDS IN OUR SCHOOLS. A Sludr at ReUrditloa laiJ EUhUiuiUdii. Bt 

L>aunIP.ATru,Ph.D. Svo, Z&2 piaes. Third EdlUoci. Pijcc. pailfuld, SI.50. 

Leoninl P. Ayns. flvo. 2M pafu. Third cdllion. Price paitiuld, SI.OO. 


FAMILIES IN NEW YORK CITY. By Robert Coit Chapin. 

Ph.D. Svo. 383 pages. I3t tables. 16 diagrams. Price, 

postpaid, $2.00. 

by James Broasoo Reynolds, for the New Yorfc Research 

Council. Svo. 312 pages. Price, postpaid, $1.62. 

Records. By Alice NPillard Solenbcrger. I2mo. 398pages. 

50 fables. Price, postpaid, SI.25. 
THEALMSHOUSE: ConstructionandManagement. ByAIeacan- 

der Johnson. Illustrated. I2mo. 274 pages. Price, post- 
paid, $1.25. 
HANDBOOK OF SETTLEMENTS. Edited by Robert A. Woods 

and Albert J. Kennedy. 8vo. 398 pages. Price, Cloth, 

postpaid, St. 64. Paper, postpaid, $0.88. 


By Edward T. Devine, Ph.D., LLJ3. 238 pages. Paper. 

Price, postpaid, $(.00. 



FOUR SPECIAL BOOKS recently published by Charities Publica- 
tion Committee, which M spaces hitherto unoccupied on 
library shelves. 

OUR SLAVIC FELLOW CITIZENS. Br Emllr Greene Bikb, of Ihe Ficully of 

.I[(Et. PaH I. SU>lc Emlgtai 

tmmiitinU In iLe United SUIes. Std, 

Price. [«3>»ld, SZ.50. 

Superioleodenl New York Orphan Asyiam at Kutlagi.aa-Huc{ua. 12 

24S piiei. Illuilrated. Price, poitpald, S1.25. 

Henrr Street INunei') Sellleinenl. New York. 8>a. 3«7 pases. Price, p 

t~lld. 11.25. 
SOCIAL FORCES. Br Edward T. Derlnt, Editor The Sorrer. General Secre 

New York Charily OraaoltatlDn Saclelv. SchiS Prutesior ol SocUl EcoDc 

Columbia UnlveraltT. 12mii. 226 pagei. Price, poalpaid. SI-2S. 






Edited By 




. i *; . - • ,»-..* 


I K- 

Copyright, 191 1, by 
The Russell Sage Foundation 


• • • 

• *• 

• • • • 

, • • • » 

• • • 

• * 

•• • 

• » • 

• • 




^HE preparation of this Handbook was undertaken at the joint 
invitation of settlement workers and the Russell Sage Founda- 
tion. It presents an outline of the material facts about every 
settlement in the United States, including non-residential neighborhood 
centers. In preparing the statements about the different houses, every 
available publication issued by them has been carefully read; the large 
majority of the houses have been visited and their development and 
program thoroughly discussed with their leading representatives; and, 
in many instances, the opinions of persons engaged in other forms of 
social work, of neighbors to settlements, and of generally observant 
citizens, have been secured. 

The Handbook is designed to continue the service rendered by 
the Bibliography of Settlements which was published in a succession 
of editions up to 1905 by the College Settlements Association. 

The typical settlement, under American conditions, is one which 
provides neutral territory traversing all the lines of racial and religious 
cleavage. The house which is wholly unsectarian not only from the 
point of view of its staff, but as judged by the various elements in its 
neighborhood, represents the main action of the kind of social enter- 
prise here set forth. Nevertheless, it is clear that there is a considerable 
number of houses having a high degree of the settlement spirit while 
including some of the functions distinctive of a particular smaller or 
larger division of the church. Where such specific religious effort 
is conducted without willing or conscious invasion of other religious 
loyalties, it has not been construed as carrying the house in question 
beyond the distinctive limits of the settlement field. The nature of 
the religious alftlialion of such houses is in all cases clearly indicated; 
and for the larger cities they are placed in a list by themselves. 

In a separate section at the end of the Handbook is a list of settle- 
ments which have passed out of existence, with brief summaries of the 
facts concerning them. 

It has not been thought desirable, without up-to-date and first- 
hand information, to attempt any statement of the work of foreign 
settlements. An address list of English settlements is provided, how- 

ever, and a few references are given to available sources of information 
about social work in the principal European countries. 

The vitality of the settlement principle will be suggested at every 
point by comparison of the returns here given with those presented in 
the different editions of the Bibliography of Settlements. The growth 
in numbers is impressive. There were 74 American settlements listed 
in 1897; 10} in 1900; 204 in 1905. In this Handbook the number is 413. 

For the first time in any publication, the growing tendency toward 
joint action among settlements is expressed in the statements about 
settlement federations and other forms of organization that include 
different settlements under certain common policies for the sake of 
greater economy, higher standards, and broader achievement. It is 
an interesting fact, also, that the appearance of this Handbook coincides 
in time with the creation in large outline of a common program on 
the part of the settlements of the entire country. 

In the outline of the facts with regard to each house, a character- 
ization of the local community serves as a background against which 
the specific plan of work is projected. In addition to the opportunity 
for effective comparison of methods thus afforded by the Handbook 
itself, it is hoped that a greater degree of direct inter-communication 
may result between settlements similarly circumstanced. 

A distinction is made in all cases between organized interests 
which in the main are concentrated within settlement walls and those 
activities which with positive purpose permeate the life of the neigh- 
borhood and elicit its co-operation toward better things. The growing 
influence of the settlements in the promotion of action toward social 
betterment by municipality and state, is made clear throughout. 

There is given as part of the account of each house a fairly complete 
list of publications by residents and other members of the staff. The 
object here is not so much to supply references to the general reader 
as to exhibit the range and grade of research, analysis, and literary ex- 
pression which have emanated from the settlements. For purposes 
of general reference a brief list of reasonably accessible books and articles 
is provided. 

The editors have had the special assistance of Miss Alice E. 
Robbins, formerly head resident of Lawrence House, Baltimore. 

The Handbook is preliminary to a volume presenting the results 
of a comprehensive study of the history and present tendencies of 
settlement work in the United States. 

South End House, Boston 



Historical Antecedents in England and America ix 

General Bibliography xi 

National Conferences of Settlements i 

College Settlements Association 2 

Woman's Home Mission Society (M. E. Church South) 4 

Settlements Arranged by States: 

Alabama 6 

California 9 

Colorado 25 

Connecticut 27 

Delaware 29 

Dbtrict of Columbia 30 

Georgia 35 

Illinois 37 

Indiana 82 

Iowa , 84 

Kentucky 87 

Louisiana 91 

Maine 93 

Maryland 95 

Massachusetts 105 

Michigan 142 

Minnesota 146 

Mississippi 1 50 

Missouri 151 

Nebraska 1 59 

New Hampshire 160 

New Jersey 161 

New York 170 

North Carolina 249 

Ohio 251 

Oregon 261 

Pennsylvania 262 

Rhode Island 287 

South Carolina 289 

Tennessee 290 




Texas 294 

Virginia 298 

Wisconsin 300 

Hawaiian Islands 303 

In Other Countries 305 

Discontinued Settlements 310 


1854 Establishment of the Working Men's College in London by Frederick 
Denison Maurice and a group of Cambridge graduates. Beginnings 
of joint effort for the improvement of social conditions between a group 
of men associated with the universities and the Church of England 
(led by Charles Kingsley) and workiugmen prominent in the trade 
unions and co-operative societies. 

1867 First steps toward the systematic promotion of University Extension 
lectures from Cambridge. 

1S67-8 Edward Denison, an Oxford man, lived in lodgings in Stepney. 
East London, from August, 1867, to March, 1868, and worked with 
John Richard Green, vicar of the parish. A plan for having a group 
of men join Denison was proposed at a meeting held at the house of 
John Ruskin. 

1873 Rev. Samuel A. Bamelt (now Canon of Westminister) and iVtrs, 
Barnctt began their work at St. Jude's, Whitechapel, making frequent 
visits to the universities to tell of the conditions and needs in East 

1S75 Arnold Toynbee, an Oxford tutor, lodged in Whitechapel during 
the summer and worked under the direction of Mr. Barnett; and there- 
after frequently addressed workingmen on economic and ethical topics. 

1883 Mr. Barnett proposed to a group of young men at Oxford that a house 
be established in East London somewhat similar to the already existing 
college missions, at which men should reside for the sake of distinc- 
tively providing responsible social and civic leadership. 

1884 Opening of Toynbee Hall, Whitechapel, with Mr. Barnett as warden, 
which position he filled for twenty-five years. 

1885 The Oxford House in Bethnal Green established shortly after; one 
of whose heads for a long period was the Rev. A. F. Winnington Ingram, 
now Bishop of London. 

1887 The Women's University Settlement opened by representatives from 
the Women's Colleges at Oxford and Cambridge. 

The Neighborhood Guild (later the University Settlement) established 
in the Lower East Side, New York, by Stanton Coit. after a brief stay 
at Toynbee Hall. 


1888-9 ^i** J^i^^ ^- l^obbins and Jean Fine lived in a tenement opposite 
the Neighborhood Guild from November, 1888, to April, 1889, where 
they carried on girls' clubs. 

1889 Hull-House opened in Chicago on September 18, by Jane Addams 
(after studying the work at Toynbee Hall) and Ellen G. Starr. 

The College Settlement established in October, as a result of the 
efforts of Vida D. Scudder (who had studied at the University of Cam- 
bridge in 1 885- 1 886) and several other graduates of Smith College. 

1 89 1 The Andover House (later South End House) established in Boston 
in December, by Professor William J. Tucker of Andover Theological 
Seminary (afterwards president of Dartmouth College), with Robert 
A. Woods as head of the house. Mr. Woods at the same time published 
the results of the previous year's study of social work in England, six 
months having been spent in residence at Toynbee Hall. 


Leighlon, Sir Baldwyn, Bart, (edilor): Letters and other Wrilings of the lale Edward 

Denison. London, R. Benlley and Son, 1871. 
Hontagne, F. C: Arnold Toynbee. Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical 

and Political Science. Baltimore. January. i88g. 
If ilaer. Sir Alfred, Bart.; Arnold Toynbee: A reminiscence. London, E. Arnold, 1901. 
Bamett, Samuel and Henrietta: Practicable Sodalism; Eisays on Social Reform. 

London, Longmans, Green and Co., 189$. 
Bamett, Canon and Mrs. S. A.: Towards Social Reform. New York. The Mactnillan 

Knapp, John M. (editor): The Universities and the Social Problem; An account of the 
University Seitlcmenis in East London. London, Rivington. Percival and Co., 

Reason, Will (editor): University and Social Settlements. London, Methuen and Co.. 

Ashley, Perc;: University Settlements in Great Britain, Harvard Tbialogkal Rrviae. 
175-20} (April, 1911). 

Woods, Robert A,: English Social Movements. New York. Charles Scribner's Sons; 

London, Swan Sonneschein and Co., 1891. 
Coit, Stanton: Neighborhood Guilds; An instrument of social reform. London, Swan 

Sonnenschein and Co., 1891. 
Addams, Jane: The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements. Fonim. October, 189a. 

(Reprinted in Pbitantbropy and Social Progress, pp. l-a6. New York, 
Thomas Y.Crowell and Co., 189).) 

The Objective Value of Social Settlements. In Pbilanibropy and Social Propnt. 
pp. 37-56. 
Woods, Robert A.: The University Settlement Idea. Andovir Review. October. 1891. 

Reprinted in Pbitanlbrapy and Social Profres!. 
Addams, Jane: A New Impulse toanOldGospel, Fonim, November, rSgj, pp. 345-358, 
Woods, Robert A.: University Settlements as Laboratories in Social Science, Pro- 
ceedings Inictnational Congress of Charities. Correction, and Philanthropy. 1893. 
Addams, Jane (editor); Hull-House Maps and Papers. A presentation of nationalities 

and wages in a congested district of Chicago, together with comments and essays 

on problems growing out of the social conditions. New York, Thomas Y. 

Cniwell and Co.. 1895. 

CoNTiNTS: Prefatory Note by Jane Addams; Map Notes and Comments, by 

Agnes Sinclair Holbrooh; The Sweating-System, by Florence Kelley; 
1 Wage-Earning Children, by Florence Kelley and Alzina P. Stevens; 

Receipts and Expenditurej of Ooakmakcrs in Chicago, by Isabel Eaion; 
The Chicago Ghetto, by Charles Zueblin; The Bohemian People in 
Chicago, by Josefa Humpal Zeman; Remarks upon the Italian Colony in 
Chicago, by Allessandro Mastro-Valcrio; The Cook County Charities, 
byJuliaC. Lalhrop; Art and Labor, by Ellen Gates Starr; The Settlement 
as a Factor in the Labor Movement, by Jane Addams; Appendix. Hull- 
House: A Social Settlement. 
Proceedings, Nations] Conference of Charities and Correction. 1S96. Boston, 
George H. Ellis, [S96. See Sec. HI, Social Settlements and the Labor Question. 
Titles: What the Settlement Work Stands For, by Julia C. Lathrop; English 
and Scotch Settlcmcnis, by Dr. W. Caldwell; The Settlement and Educa- 
tion, by Jacob J. Abt; The Settlement and Organized Chatity, by Mary 
, E. McDowell; Social Selilemenls, by C. S. Loch; Civic Efforts of Social 

I Settlements, by Kalherine Bement Davis; The Settlement and Municipal 

Reform, by James B. Reynolds; The Social Settlement and the Labor 
I Movement, by Graham Taylor; Religion in the Settlement, by Dean 

I George Hodges; Benevolent Features of Trades-unions, by John D. 

I Flanigan; The Working Child, by Florence Kelley; Report of Social 

Settlement Commitiee; Tabulation of Settlement Reports. 
Woods, Robert A. (editor): The City Wilderness: A Settlement Study. South 
iind. Hoslon, Boston, Houghton, Mifflin Co.. 1898. 

CiiNTtNTs: Introductory, by William I. Cole; Historical, by Fred E. Haynes, 
Ph.D.; Population, by Frederick A. Biishee; Public Health, by Charles D. 
Underbill. M. D.; Work and Wages, by Robert A. Woods; The Roots of 
Political Power; Criminal Tendencies, by William I. Cole; Amusements, 
by FYed E. Haynes. Ph. D.; The Church and the People, by William I. 
Cole; Strongholds of Education; Soda! Recovery, by Robert A. Woods; 
The Total Drift, by Robert A. Woods. 
Henderson, Charles R.: Social Settlements. New York, Lcnlilhonand Co., 1899 
Addams, Jane; A Function of the Social Settlement. Annah Amer. Acad. 0/ Political 

and Sixint Science, XIII : I-j; (May 16, 1899). 
Woods, Robert A.: University Settlements; Their Point and Drift. Quart, /our. of 

Economics. XIV : 67^ (Nov., 1899). 
McGinley, Anna A.: Scope of Ihe Catholic Settlement. Catholic World, 71 : 145-160 
(May, 1900). 

A New Field for the Convent Graduate in the Social Settlement. Catholic 
WorW, 71 : 396-401 (June, 1900). 
Roosevelt, Theodore: Reform through Social Work: Some Forces that tell for Decency 

in New York. ForCnigblly Remao, gj : 747 (Nov., 1901). 
Addams, Jane: Democracy and Social Ethics. New York, The Macmillan Co.. igoj. 
Woods, Robert A. (editor); Americans in Process: A Settlement Study. North and 
West Ends, Boston. Boston, Houghton, Mifflin Co.. 1902. 
Contents; Metes and Bounds, by Robert A. Woods; Before the Invasion, 
Elizabeth Y. Rutan: The Invading Host, by Frederick A. Bushee; 


aty and Slum, by Edward H. Chandler; Livelihood, by Robert A. Woodt; 
Traffic in Citizenship, by Robert A. Woods: Law and Order, by Wiiliam 
I. Cole; Life's Amenities, by Jessie Fremont Beale and Anne Withington; 
Two Ancient Failhs, by William 1. Cole; The Child of Ihe Stranger, by 
Caroline S, Atherton and Elizabeth Y. Rutan; Community of Interest, 
by William I. Cole and Rufus E. Miles; Assimilation: A Two-Edged 
Sword, by Robert A. Woods. 

Woods, Robert A.: The Success of the Settlement as a Means of Improving a Neighbor- 
hood. Cbarilits, IX: asj-iag (SepI, 6, igoa). 

Eelley, Florence: Some Ethical Gains through Le^slation. New York, The Macniillan 

Adduna, Jane: Newer Ideals of Peace. New York, The Macmillan Co.. 1906. 
Voods, Robert A,: Democracy: A New Unfolding of Human Power. In Studies in 

Philosophy and Psychology, a Commemorative Volume dedicated lo Professor 

Charles E. Carman of Amherst College. Boston, Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1906, 

pp. 71-10. 
WoUe, Albert B.: The Lodging House Problem in Boston. Harvard Economic Series. 

Boston, Houghton, Mifflin Co., 1906. 
Taylor, Graham: Whither the Settlement Movement Tends, Cbariliti and ibe Cominons. 

XV : 840-844 (March 3, i9o6). 

Kelley, Florence: The Settlements: Their Lost Opportunity. CbatUiet and the Com- 
mon,. XVI :79-Si (April 7, 1906). 
Simkhovilch, Mery K. : Seiilement Organization. Cbarititi and the Comnums. 

XVI : 566-569 (Sept. I, 1906). 

Woods, Robert A.: Settlement Expansion. Cbarilia and Ibe Commons. XVII : 336-339 
(Nov. 3. (906). 

Uore, Louise B. : Wage-Earners' Budgets: A study of Standards and Cost of Living in 
New York City. New York, Henry Holt and Co., 1907. 

Cole, William 1.: Motives and Results of the Social SeltlemenI Movement. Notes on 
an exhibit installed in the Social Museum of i-larvard University. Publica- 
tions of the Department of Social Ethics in Harvard University, No. 3, 190S. 

AdduDG, Jane: The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets. New York, The Macmil- 
lan Co.. 1909. 

Laushlin, J. Lawrence: Latter Day Problems. New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 
1909. Chap. IV. 

AddaniB, Jane: Twenty Years at Hutl'House. With autobiographical notes. New 
York, The Macmillan Co., 1910. 

Elliott, John L. : The Hudson Guild (A Cumulative Report). New York. Published by 
the Hudson Guild, iqfo. 

White, Gajlord S.: TheSocialSettlement after Twenty-five Years. Hanard TbtolofUal 
Revim, IV : 47-70 {Jan., 191 [), 

"Center" indicates an agency for ' neighborhood improve- 
ment carried on without residents. When agencies are evidently 
non-residential, as, for instance, industrial schools or general 
educational institutes, they are not specially designated. 

Wherever a house carries on phases of religious activity, its 
denominational aflUiation or its undenominational character is 
indicated. It is to be remembered, however, that direct support 
from churches does not in all cases mean a program of religious 

The date following each street address gives the year in 
which the property came into use for settlement purposes. 

Branches conducted by a settlement are designated in small 

A settlement which has been absorbed into another settle- 
ment, or has entered into combination with one or more other 
settlements, is listed in italics under the more inclusive name. 




A succession of more or less informal national gatherings of settlement 
workers have been held from lime to time since 1892. No continuous or really 
comprehensive organization was provided for until 1908. 

In May, 1908, a group of twenty settlement residents from New York, 
Chicago and Boston met to consult about fuller co-operation among settlements. 
A study of settlement work, of which this Handbook is a result, was decided 
upon. It was felt thai such an inquiry would disclose a sound basis for broader 
and more concrete community of interest. During special discussions among 
the settlement delegates to the National Conference of Charities of that year, 
a strong feeling developed that such separate meetings should in the future be 
defmitely provided for in connection with the Conference. 

The next year setllement work filled the program of several regular 
sessions of the National Conference, but one largely attended special gathering 
of settlement workers was held. It was there decided to arrange for a series 
of settlement discussions at the following National Conference, which was to 
take place at St. Louis with Miss Jane Addams as its president. To these 
meetings every settlement house and neighborhood center in the country was 
invited to send representatives. Three sessions were held, and a national 
committee of ten was appointed to gather and collate the results of settlement 
experience as to the most needed and most promising directions of service, 
and to present a year later (191 1) at a similar series of meetings in Boston a 
platform for united action among settlements throughout the country. 

Settlement Cohi 
r. Plymouth, Mass, (July, 1891) 
a. Chicago. 111. Q\i\y 19-21, 189]) 

3. New York. N. Y. (May j-j, 1895) 

4. Detroit, Mich. (N.C.C, 1896) 

5. Toronto, Canada (N.C C. July 7-14, 185 

6. Chautauqua, N. Y. (Summer. 1897) 

7. Chicago, 111. (May ii-17, 1899} 

8. Chautauqua, N. V. (July 7-11, 1901) 

9. Portland, Maine (N.CC. 1904) 
ro. Richmond, Va. (N C.C, 1908) 
It. White Plains, N. Y. (May. 1908) 
la. Buffalo. N. Y. (N.C.C. 1909) 
13. St. Louis, Mo. (N.CC. May 18, tgio) 

.VAxpiepir -Dt .'iETU.EftEtrrp 


Organized February, 1890, "for the support and control of college settle- 
ments for women." 

■'In the autumn of 1887 four Smith College alumnje chanced to be together. 
The talk fell on the new economics, the new awakening of practical philanthropy 
in England, Toynbee Hall and the principles for which it stood. There seemed 

need for similar work in America The friends separated, each pledged 

to do her utmost toward bringing about this union. In the autumn of 1888 an 

appeal was sent out from Boston A house was taken at 9; Rivington 

Street, New York, and opened in October, 1889, with Jean G. Fine as head 
worker. In the spring of 1890 the College Settlements Association was organized 
on its present basis, with chapters in Wellesley, Smith, Vassar, Bryn Mawr, and 
a non-cdlegiate element." Fourth Report, 1894. 

"The association would unite all college women in the trend of 

a great modern movement; would touch them with a common sympathy, and 
inspire them with a common ideal. Young students .... should be 
quickened in their years of vague aspiration and purely speculative energy by 
possessing a share in a broad practical work." Second Report, 1891. 

Incorporated January ;, 1894. Maintained by annual dues and donations. 

Activities, (i) SetlUmenls. —The association makes annual appropria- 
tions to the College Settlement of New York; the College Settlement of Phila- 
delphia; Denison House of Boston, and Locust Point Settlement of Baltimore. 
(3) Ftllowsbips. — Second Report. 1892- "The establishment o( fellowships for 
women who seek to pursue sociological studies in college settlements would per- 
haps help our movement more than any other one thing." Two fellowships of 
S300 were offered in [892-3, since which time the association has continued to 
maintain scholarships and fellowships. Since the Russell Sage Foundation and 
the schools of philanthropy have undertaken investigations the association has 
arranged to offer training fellowships which give a stipend of $400, conditioned 
on residence in one of the college settlements, attendance at the local School of 
Philanthropy, and practical work under the direction of the head worker. (3) 
Education oj College ffomen. — The association now has chapters in 14 colleges 
and sub-chapters in 31 preparatory schools. In igogan organizing secretary was 
employed to assist in establishing new chapters and to aid the existing organiza- 
tions by getting the chapter in direct touch with the association. 

Literature. 1. iNVESTiCATiofis bv Fellows, [See Balch, Emily C: The 
Fellowship of the C. S. A. Commons, vi, No. 6) (Dec, 1901). Setllemenl Fellowship 
(C. S. A.). Cbarilies. viii : 550 (June 14, 1903). Settlement Fellowships and Scholarships 
(C. S. A.). CbariiUs, xii : J42 (May a8, 1904).] 

Work 0/ Ftttaws and Ftllowship Sludiei {PubUsbed and unpuhlubid). 1893-4.— 
Eaton, Isabel (Smith): Receipts and Expenses of Wage-Earners in the Garment Trades, 
Qiur. Pah. oj Amtt. Stal. Soc., June, 1895 — Shapleigh, Amelia (Gomel!, '93): A Study 
of Dietaries. Apply to secretary of association — Wooltolk, Ada S. (Wellesley): The 
Obstacles to Sanitary Uving Among the Poor — Woods, Katharine Pearson: Diseases 


and Accidenti Incident to Occupilions. 1894-5. — Sandford. Mabel Warren (Smith, 
'9)): Domeslic Service from the Point of View ol the Intelligence Office. 189«J-7.— 
Eaton, habcl (Smith): Problems Connected with the Colored Race, See Publication* o( 
ihe University of Pennsylvania (series In Pol, Econ. and Pub. Law), No. 14, 1899, 
p. 437-530. 1901-2.— Saylei, Mary B, (Smith, 1900): Homing Conditions in Jersey 
G"ty. See Supplement to the ^Ititi. Aner, Acad, of Pol. and Soc. Set,, Jan., igat. 
19Ca-3.— Chase, Lydia G, (Brown, 1900): Physical Defects of New York Schod Chil- 
dren. 1903-4.— Kellor, Frances A. (Cornell. '97): Employmeni Bureaus for Women 
(Continued 1904-5), 1905-6.— As a result of her study of employment bureaus Miss 
Ketlor organiieil the work ol Ihe Inler-Municipal Commillee on Household R«earch. 
Smith, Mary Gove (Smith) : 1 mmigrant Homes — More, Clara Stanton (Wellesley. '04) : 
Recreation in New York and Chicago. 1906-7.— Van Kleeck. Mary A. (Smith. '04): 
Investigation Into the Hours of Working Women — Adams, Jessie B, (Barnard, '04): 
Occupations of Girls Who Drop Qui of School in the Grammar Grades. See The Working 
Girl from Ihe Elementary School in New York. Cbar. and Commoni, nix : t6fj-i'i (Feb. 
11. 1908) — Keay, Frances Anne (Bryn Mawr, '99): Conditions of Seamen in Port. See 
Oyster Boats on Ihe Chesapeake. Charities, xvii : 630-6^3 (Jan. 5, 1907}. Sailor in Port, 
Philadelphia. Cbarilies, xvii : 711-716 (Jan, rg. 1907). The Wage* of Seamen. Cbaritits, 
xvii : 845-848 (Feb, a, 1907). 1906-8.— Brown*. Margaret W. (Bryn Mawr, 1896-98): 
Investigation into the Illegal Employmeni of School Children. 1907-8.^1 nvestigatlons 
under the supervision of Miss Van Kleeck (C. S. A. and Smith Alumnx Association 
Fellow for 1905-7) of Ihe Alliance Employment Bureau, for the purpose of studying 
factory conditions and Iradc opportunities for women and girls in New York Cily — 
Norris, Mabel (Smith, '07); Working Girls' Clubs. See Working Hours of Women in 
Factories, Cbar. atid Comnioiti, xvii ; ij-ai (Oct. 6, 1906). Child Labor in New York 
City Tenements. Cbar. and Cotnmons, xix : 1405-1410 {Jan. 18, 1908) — Odencrantz, 
Louise (Barnard, '07): Irregularities in the Employment of Women. See Irregularity 
of Employment of Women Factory Workers, Saruy. xxii : 196-iro {May 1. 1909) — 
Hutcheson. Louise (Wellesley, '97): The Health of Working Women ^ Cniner, Caroline 
(University of Missouri, '07); Night Work of Women. 

II. BiBLioGRAi'HiES, Jones, M, Katharine (Compiler}: Bibliography of College, 
Social and University Settlements. First edition, 189;, Second edition. 1895 — Gavit, 
John Palmer (Compiler): Bibliography of College, Social and University Selllements. 
Third edition, 1897 — Montgomery, Caroline Williamson: Bibliography of College, 
Social, University and Church Settlements. Fourth edition, [900. Fifth edition, 190$, 

III. Syllabi. These syllabi consist of short, carefully selected reading lists, 
accompanied by topics, suitable for the use of college chapters of the Association, women's 
elubs and other similar organizations. Balch, Emily Greene (Associate Professor of 
Economics at Wellesley College): A Study of Conditions of City Life. References grouped 
under the following heads: The Citizens; Housing; Health; Education; Recreation; 
.Kt\ in City Life; Municipal Functions, Twelve-page bibliography, 1904, Price, 15 
cents — Biographies of Social Leaders. Six-page leaflet syllabus. 1904. Price, 5 cents — 
Modern Philanthropy. Four-page leaflet syllabus. 1904. Price, 5 cents — The Morals 
of Spending. Four-page leaflet syllabus. 1904. Price, 5 cents. (In all cases a reduction 
will be made on large orders. The group of three shorter syllabi sells for 10 cents. Appli- 
cation for the above publications should be made to Lilian Egleston, 707 N. Broad St., 
Elizabeth, N. J.) On above syllabi: Scudder, Vida D,: A Small Venture in Education. 
Commons, ix : 376 (1904}. 

IV. General References. Annual Reports of the Association and Settlements 


1690 IT, — Report on [he Questions Drawn Up by PresenI Residents in Our Seltlcmenu 
Reprinted, by the courtesy of the Church Social Union, from Ihc September (1894) 
number aS their publication — Dudley, Helena S.: Relief Work carried on in the Wells 
Memorial Inilitule under [he management of Denison House. Boston, .^hm. Attur. Aead. 
oj Pot. and Soc. Set.. 1894 — Articles by Scudder. Vida, D.: Settlements Past and Future. 
Williams, Eliiabelh S.: The Settlement in Recreation. Davics. Anna Freeman: The Set- 
tlement in Education. Dudley. Helena S.: The Scope of the Settlement. In Report for 
1900 — Residents in College Setllements. Report (1901) — Scribner, Helen A,: Resi- 
dents of College Settlements, Condensed Report. Commons, vij. No. 69 (Apr.. 1901) — 
Coman, Katharine: The Rise ot the C. S. A. Commons, vi, No. 6j (Dec.. 1901) — Shulti. 
Emily Budd : A Successful Scheme of Work for a C. S. A, Chapter. Commons, vii. No. yj 
(Aug., igox) — Housing Condilions in Jersey Cily, Report for 190a — Foole, Susan 
E,; The Relation of College to Social Service. Commons, vii. No. 74 (Sept., igoj} — In 
Three Cities. Cbarilits. x : 173 (Mar. 14, ]90}) — The Fall Meeting of the C. S. A. 
Commont, vii, No. 77 (Dec., 190a) — Jones, Myrta L. (Editor): College Setllements 
Association. Commons, ix : 38, 60, 6», 78. 146, 190, 174, 336. 376. 4)1, 500. 564, (ao 
(1904) — Annual Meeting of the C. S. A. (May a, 1903). Commons, viii, No, 83 (June, 
'903) — Coman, Katharine: The Settlement Fellowship. Report, 1903 — The Fall 
Meeting of [he C. S. A. Commons, viii. No. 89 (Dec. T903) — Jones, Myr(a L.; Report 
of the C. S. A. Annual Meeting. May 7, 1904. Commons, it: 326-317 (July, 1904) — 
Jones, Myrta L: Report of Fall Meeting and Settlement Scholarships. Commons, k: 
630-&16 (Dec, 1904) — Scudder, Vida D.: Educational Interests of the C. 5. A. 
Report (1904). 

Officers, igog-rgio. President: Mrs. Lucius H, Thayer (Smith, '84), Putls- 
moulh. New Hampshire. Vice-Presidenl: Eleanor H. Johnson (Smith, '94}, 37 Madison 
Sq., New York Cily. Secrelary: Lilian Egleslon (Barnard, '04). 707 N. Broad St., 
Elizabelb, N. J. Treasurer: Mrs, Josiah T. Tubby, Jr. (Bryn Mawr, '97), Wcstlield. N. J- 
Fifth Member of Standing Commitlce: Emily Budd Shullz (Wellesley, '94). 30 North 
Mountain Ave.. Montclair, N. J. 



OF THE Methodist Episcopal Church South 
Nashville, Tenn., 810 Broadway 

Organized. The Moiety began to carry on neighborhood work in iQOt. 
"With the coming of the great social unrest born of modern industrial condi- 
tions and the influx of a new and foreign element into our society a recon- 
struction of the ministering force of the church has become imperative. Help 
must be rendered not only for temporal relief, as in the giving of alms, not alone 
in the declaration of fundamental truths from the pulpit, but by personal service 
and human fellowship." Report, igio. 

"We have made an cfTort at each place to call the settlements 'Wesley 
House' in order to emphasize the fact that they are connected with our church, 
and also to dissipate the thought Ihal a settlement had of necessity to omit all 
religious teachings. In larger centers where the population is largely foreign no 
doubt this would be diflicuit, but up to the present in the South we have 
not drifted so far from the churches as to have an opposing element control 

woman's home mission society 

public sentiment to such an extent as to make the religious features objection- 

Maintained by the Woman's Home Mission Society. 

Activities. Settlements. — "The Woman's Board of Home Missions is 
connected with these social centers by preparing and appointing the head resi- 
dents and department superintendents, by selection of centers and locations of 
buildings, and by an appropriation of lo per cent on amount expended by the 
local city boards on current expenses. The local city boards are composed of six 
or more delegated members from the Home Mission auxiliaries, and these raise 
the funds for their maintenance of the work (less the lo per cent appropriated by 
the Woman's Board) in their respective churches. Quarterly reports from the 
local boards and the trained workers are made to the general office in Nashville. 
The appointed workers have all had special preparation in one of our Methodist 
training schools. This training includes study of sociology, pedagogy, Bible, 
church history and practical field work under superintendence of experienced 

Literature. Annual Reports of the Woman's Home Mission Society — Copies 
of Our Homes published at 8io Broadway, Nashville, Tenn. — Booklets: City Mission 
Manual. The Deaconess and Her Work — Leaflets: The Call of the City. Redemption 
of the City. 

General Secretary. Mrs. R. W. MacDonell. 



All Saints Mission (Episcopal) 

617 South 29th Street 

Founded 1909, by St. Mary's Church (Episcopal) and maintained by 
the church. 

Maintains kindergarten; Sunday school; boys' and young men's club; girls' club; 
men's dub. 

Superintendent. Dr. Carl Henckell. 

Wesley House (Methodist) 

806 Second Avenue, N. 

Established October i, 1908, by the Board of City Missions "for social 
and religious work." Maintained by the Methodist churches of the city. 

Neighborhood. The problems of the quarter grow out of ignorance of sanitation 
and carelessness. The people are American, largely employed on the street car system. 

Maintains library; .sewing school; domestic science class; homemakers' club; 
boys' club; religious work in a nearby church. 

Residents. Women 3. Volunteers. Women 9. Head Resident. Hettie K. 
Phillips, October i, 1908-. 


Calhoun Colored School and Settlement 

Established 1892, by Mabel W. Dillingham and Charlotte R. Thorn. 
"Calhoun is increasingly committed to the policy of supplementing the work of 
the great schools by the taking of counties as definite fields for settlement and 
school endeavor and by developing many efficient small centers of better things 
in each county. So, of course, in its own county, it desires to see teachers and 
preachers identifying themselves with communities, taking root, buying land and 
making homes and farms as object lessons, and aiming distinctly to build up 
local loyalty and pride and sense of responsibility, . . . Calhoun seeks not 
jealous or narrow competition of neighborhoods, but along with the organic union 
of farms and homes and churches and schools of each community, the equally 
real union of communities for the common good of the county." Maintained 
by donations and small endowment fund. 



Activities. "Our graded school makes a natural center for community 

life. Calhoun is in themidst of 30,000 plantation Negroes. It lives in touch with 
all the life of its township and county, and limits its aim to this social group. 
We have farmers' conferences, mothers' meetings, Sunday and mission services, 
cabin, school, church and plantation visiting, medical mission work by school 
physician, agricultural fairs, teachers' institutes, celebration of national holidays 
and Christian festivals, thrift and land buying meetings, sociological study of the 
county, eic To change the crop-mortgage renter into a small farmer, with 
land and home of his own, is our aim." — Pamphlet. 1904. 

Residents. Women ao. men 3. Head Resident. Charlotte R. Thorn. 1891-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Pamphlels — Annual reports by ihe 
principals, published by George H. Ellis, Boston, Mass, Set aUo: Settlement Idea in Ihe 
Collon Belt. Ovilook. Ixx :9a (Apr. ij. 1901) — Dillingham. Pitt: The Black Belt 
Settlement Work. Soutbitn U^orkmnn (Hampton, Va.), July and August, 1901. 

Dumas iNsriruTioNAL Church (Methodist) 
Established April, 1910, by the Woman's Home Mission Society of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, South, "to elevate the community physically, 
mentally and morally." Maintained by the auxiliaries of the Woman's Home 
Mission Society of the Methodist churches of Mobile, and the Epworth Leagues 
of Mobile. 

A mill district just outside Mobile. The population is American, 
i Sunday school; night school; mothers' club; girls' club; library; 
house- to~houie visiting; religious services. 

Head Worker. Dora Hoover, igio-. 

Virginia Hall Settlement (Presbyterian) 
Established in 1904. by Virginia McCormick. as the outgrowth of 
religious and educational work begun in West Huntsville in 1902 by the First 
Presbyterian Church. Aims "to be a center for the best interests of the com- 
munity educationally, socially and spiritually, and to provide for the educational 
and Christian training of Ihe boys and giris and young people who work in the 
cotton mills." 


1 the cotton mills and live in cottages rented 
families from Ihe mountains and surrounding 

The people work 
by the mill companies. They are America 

Maintains kindergarten; library and reading room; district nursing by two rest- 
dent nurses; religious services; classes in arithmetic, penmanship, sewing, embroidery, 
cooking; social evenings, lectures, etc.; mothers' meeiings. 

Residents. Women ;. Head Resident. Jessie M. House. J904-. 

Lllereture. Authokiied Statements. Bulletin of Bryson Memorial ChaprI 
and Virginia Hall. 



Mobile Wesley House (Methodist) 

351 South Conception Street (1905-) 

Established July, 1904, by the Woman's Home Mission Board of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church South, "to help people to help themselves." 
Maintained by the Woman's Home Mission Board. 

NeicKBOHHooD. That quarter uf the ciiy known as South Mobile. The people 
are largely American, lifelong inhabilants of Mobile, Aboui one-lhird of Ihe community 
is Negro; and there is a sprinkling of Italians. Greek?, Filipinos, French and Spanish. 
There is no compulsory education law. 

Maintains kindergarten; reading room; night school; clinics; employment work; 
juvenile detention work; classes in sewing; clubs for women, girls and children. There 
are occasional entertainments and socials. Religious work consists of Sunday school, 
devotional half hour in the mothers' dub, Bible lesson in the sewing school, and a midweek 
song and prayer service. Summer Wor k.^Rt^d'tag room, outings and entertainments. 

Former Location. Cor. N. Carolina and Cedar Sis., July. 1904-October, 190;. 

Residents. Women j. Volunteers. Women 23, men 8, Head Residents. 
Maiy Peary, March 1904-Jan,, 1906; Ella Gorrow, March, 1906-May, 1908; (Mrs.) 
Alameda Hewitt, May, igoB-May, 1909; Mary Ogilvie, 1909-. 

Literature. Annual Reports of Ihe Woman's Home Mission Society. See ittt gf • 
Oar Homes, xvii. No. id (Oct., 1908). ^M 

The Elizabeth Russell Settlement 

Founded 1897, by Mrs. Booker T. Washington, "to better family con- 
ditions of the colored people on the plantation in themalterofcleanliness, educa- 
tion, uprightness — to teach them how to live." Maintained "by personal effort, 
occasional donations from Northern friends, food supply from the acres of new 
land, and scant donations from residents." 

Neighborhood, Colored people, under rural conditions. 

Maintains day school for children; classes in sewing, cooking, agriculture; Sunday 
school. Twenty boys run a farm of ten acres. The head resident has a good garden, the 
children fair ones. Plants, tlowers and seeds are distributed in Ihe homes. The commu- 
nity meetings offer opportunity for neighborhood seK-eitpression. 

Residents. Women 4, men 6. Director. Mrs. Booker T. Washinglon. 

Literatiue. Authorized Statements. Wooly, Isma: Article in Atlanta Con- 
slitiUioH, Dec. jo, 1900 — Thrasher, Max Bennett: Women and Their Work, N. Y. 
Enening Post, Aug. la, 1900. 



Tamalpais Center 

Established May. 1909, by board o( twenty-one trustees on the founda- 
tion of a gift by Mrs. A. E. Kent and her son, William Kent, for the "application 
of the best civic and social ideals to the normal life of suburban and country 

Neichborhood. Kentfteld is one of several smalJ communilies hardly [argr enough 
10 be called "viltages." As is usual. Ihese cominunilies oHer very little in the way of 
education or recrealian and it is this thai Tamalpais Center hopes to supply. 

Activities. The equipment consists of twenty-nine acres of level land, a 
beautiful club house, with spacious rooms and cozy fireplaces, a well equipped 
children's playground, half mile speedway for horses, baseball field, running 
tracks, tennis courts, etc. A gymnasium and an outdoor swimming pool are 
to be erected in the near future. The grounds are centrally located in respect to 
the towns of southern Marin, while the wooded hills surrounding the center, 
with Mount Tamalpais towering above everything, give a charm to the under- 
taking which can hardly be duplicated in California. 

Maintains for adults a Stadium association: women's club; driving association: 
literary club (men and women); friendly circle (working men and women); civil govetn- 
ment class (working men): class for study of religions: school teachers' playground diss: 
woman's gymnasium class; classes in drawing, dancing- Work for young people consists 
of youths' athletic society; two baseball clubs; five gymnasium classes for litllechildren: 
sewing class: story hour: Sunday school; and Knighls of King Arthur. 

WoRKEHS. Rev, Ernest Bradley. Dean. 

Literature. Authohized Statements. The BuU/lin. Set alto: Tamalpais 
Center for Community Life. Sarvey, xxii : 569 (July 14, 1909) — The Tamalpais Center, 
Unity (Chicago), Nov, 1 1, 1909. s8i (T., and Nov, 18, 1909, 598 ff. 


Bethlehem Institute (Congregational) 

Mother House. 510 Vignes Street {1892-). Branches, 618 New High Street and 

1201 North Main Street (Playground) 

Established 1892, by Rev. Francis M. Price, who reorganized the 

Bethlehem Congregational Mission into the Bethlehem Institutional Church, 

and erected buildings for the enlarged work. The church maintains branches in 

other neighborhoods. Supported by contributions. 

Neighborhood. "Thirteen years ago ... the population around the Mother 
House was almost entirely American. The classes, clubs and schools were filled 10 over- 


flowing with EnglJsh'Speaking children ^nd young people. Gut [he original dwellen in the 
Eighlh Ward have neatly all moved to pleasanter parts of the town and foteigncrs have 
taken their places. The various nationalities in these neighborhoods are Russian, Japanese, 
Mexican, Armenian, Slavonian, Syrian, Italian and Hebrew." 

Activities, "The worker interested in the improvement bf social con- 
ditions soon finds that the entire city must become his neighborhood. The rami- 
fication of the forces which make for social deterioration carries him to every part 
of the city. It is not enough to light bad moral and physical conditions in your 
immediate iocaiily while the elements that undermine the efTectiveness of your 
activities flourish elsewhere, or are entrenched in the city hall. Effective social 
service pledges the worker to an intelligent understanding of and hearty co-opera- 
tion in every movement that seeks to bring about social uplift along rational 

"Bethlehem has sought to interpret social conditions sanely and to draw 
thewidest attention to the unfilled needs of the city as illustrated in the neighbor- 
hoods with which it comes in touch. During the past few years, it has annually 
gathered the sociology students of the Southern California colleges into a social 
institute extending through a week, during which time an effort has been made to 
give a clear idea of the nature and significance of social service and lo inspire 
these young people with a desire to put their lives in where they would count for 
the most." 

Maintains church service: Sunday school; rescue work; educational and re- 
ligious work for immigrants including school for Greek and Spanish men; Japanese mission 
and social center; El Club Helen with school of citizenship for Spanish, Italian. Syrian, 
and Slavonic pupils; relief work: dispensary (now managed by the city); men's hotel 
(with colTee bar and rooms for 140 men); employment bureau; plunge baths; clubs for 
adults: children's work; playground; carpenter shop; boys' baths. Many enlertain- 
nients, socials, etc. Summer Ifork. — Religious work; playground; educational classes 
(or immigrants; vacation for boys' club which paid its expenses by picking berries; vaca- 
tion school. 

Residents, Women 3. men 5. Volunteers. Women ra, men 6. Head Resi- 
OENT. Rev, Dana Bartlctt, 1897-. 

Literature. Pamphlets, 1909 — Barllelt. Dana W.: The Belter City. Ncuner 
Co. Press. Los Angeles, Cal. The Belter Country. C. M. Clark Pub. Co., Boston. 

Brownson House (Catholic) I 

Neighborhood House, 711 Jackson Street (1904-). Day Nursery. 135 North 
Anderson Street 

Established Spring of 1901, "to conduct settlement work in a crowded 
section of Los Angeles. . . . Brownson House has been especially devoted 
to work among children, who are admitted to its privileges regardless of race and 

Neighborhood. A poor and crowded quarter of Los Angeles. Russian, Jewish, 
Creek. Mexican, Italian, Basque and French, as well as American born children, are all 
represented at the settlement. 


Maintains Sunday mass and 5unday school; clothing departnitnt; library; 
night classes for young people and adulis: gymnatium and baths; clubs for women, 
giris, boys, and children, with drainalic, industrial and social interests; entertainments 
and socials. A day nursery has been established independently, and a night school is now 
carried on under public auspices. Summtr Ifoik. — Playground; outdoor gymnasium; 

Former Location, Aliso St., 1901-1904, Resident, Matron: Mary J, Work- 
man, Volunteers. Women 46, men 2. 

Literature, Year Book, February, 1909 — A Short Sketch of the work of Brown- 
son House Association (Pamphlet). 

The College Settlement 

(Formerly Casa dt Castelar) 

Established February, 1894, by the Los Angeles Branch of the Associa- 
tion of Collegiate Alumnae, "to establish and maintain resident settlements in 
Los Angeles; to study and develop the social conditions of the settlement dis- 
trict; to help the privileged and the unprivileged to a better understanding of 
their mutual obligations. In all our settlement work we seek to have our rela- 
tionship one of sharing rather than giving, to encourage all, to awaken in each a 
sense of his own power and the necessity for developing this power in whatever 
direction it may lead for the good of the community in which he lives." Sup- 
ported by annual and monthly subscriptions and donations. 

Neighborhooo. "The College Settlement is in that quarter of Los Angeles which 
was once the pueblo — the original city. El Pueblo de Los Angeles. The people of the 
sett(pmenl district are a varied and uncertain quantity. Spanish- Mexican, Italian, French, 
Basque, Syrian, Slavonian, al different periods set up their Penates on Buena Vista Street 
or in Lopez Court, The people are changing from Mexicans to Italians, bachelor Slavon- 
ians, and lodging house inmates. The business interests are increasing and there is possi- 
bility that this may become a business district almost exclusively." 

Activities. In 1897 a successful appeal was made to the city for the sal- 
aty of a district nurse, out of which effort has grown the municipal district nurs- 
ing service, directed by the settlement; and as a result of statistics and reports 
furnished the city health officer in 1903. the first school nurse was appointed in 
September, 1904. Several years previous to the establishment of the juvenile 
court, residents carefully investigated cases of arrest in the neighborhood, and 
took an active part in securing the juvenile court law. One of the settlement 
workers has served continuously on the probation committee of the juvenile 
court since its creation in 1903. In 1897 started the movement for municipal 
playgrounds. Through the efforts of its representative and the interest of the 
Los Angeles Civic Federation, the city was induced in 1904 to purchase its 
Iirst public playground. A playground commission was created upon which 
two residents are still serving. It has been a natural development, therefore, 
that the Los Angeles playgrounds are practically municipal settlements. The 
settlement first brought to notice certain deplorable housing conditions and 


through its influence and that of the Municipal League a housing commission 
was created (Feb., 1906) upon which one of its members has served continuously. 
Maintains an office and call station for district nurses, the former club building 
having been recently sold. The workers are active in municipal undertakings. 
One is secretary of the playground commission; one is the director of visiting 
nursing; one is on the housing commission; a third is chairman of the probation 
committee of the juvenile court; and two are probation officers. The settle- 
ment aided in securing domestic science and manual training in the public schools, 
and brought about the establishment of public night schools for teaching English 
to foreigners, having first demonstrated the need by two years and a half of such 
work in the settlement house. 

FokMER Locations. Alpine and Cleveland Sis.. Feb.. 1894; 639 New Higb 
Si., 1894; Casa de Casielar, Ord and Caiielar Sis.. Dec, 1895-1898: 418 Alpine St., 

Municipal Workers. Bessie D. Sloddart, secretary playground commission; 
Evelyn L. Sloddart, chairman probation committee of juvenile court and on visiling 
nurses' commiilee; Maud Fosler Weston, director visiting nurses; Mary Adair Veeder. 
member housing commission; Mary H, Bingham, visiting nurses' commitlee and pro- 
bation ofTicer; Louise Barber, probation otlicer. 

Literature. Authorized Articles. Casa de Castelar. (Pamphlet.) Loi An- 
geles. B. R. Baumgardl, 1897 — Pamphlets. Los Angeles, E. K. Fosler (publisher). 
See alio: A Setliemcnt in Adobe. Los Angeles, Cal. Cammoni, May, 1857 — Fosler, 
Maud B.: The Seltlemenl and Socialism. Commom. May, 1899 — Coman, Katharine: 
Casa de Castelar. Commoni, vii. No, 78 (Jan., ipoj) — Instructive District Nursing 
Report, 1898-1908. 1909 and 1910 — Housing Commission of City of Los Angelei. 
Report, 1908, 1909, and 1910 — Playground Commission, City of Los Angetei. Report 
1906, 1907. and 1908. ■ 



Los Angeles Municipal Settlements 
Violet Street Playground, Violet Street. East of Mateo. Echo Park 

'layground. Temple Street and Lake Shore Avenue. Recreation Center, 
John and Holly Streets. Slauson Playground, Slauson Avenue and Fortuna 
Street. Hazard Playground (about to open), Griffin Avenue, east of San 
Pablo Avenue. Downey Avenue Playground (about 10 open), Downey Avenue, 
east of River. 

Maintains club houses, with social activities by neighborhood groups; lectures, 
entertainments; dances; socials; branch libraries; stations of Instructive Visiting 
Nurses. Settlements managed by a man, as director, with a woman assistant. A 
dence is furnished for the director and his family upon the playground. Volunteers aid 
the paid staff. 

^V Neighborhood House (Episcopal) 

1^ 1320 Wilson Street. Men's House, 1428 East i4th Street 

Established April, 1910. George Hughes (a retired minister of the 
United Brethren, who was earning his living as a carpenter) started services 

(189^) in "lis seclion o( Los Angeles, then known as the Neighborhood. The 
services were held in a kitchen, then in a tent. Later the people built a taber- 
nacle, which became the center of the religious and social life of the community. 
and was known as the Church of the Neighborhood. In 1900 this work was 
taken over by the Episcopal Church, and in 1904 the Reverend Thomas C. Mar- 
shall, as city missionary in Los Angeles, took up his residence, and organized the 
church social settlement. The work lapsed in igoSand was reorganized in 1910. 
Maintained by the City Mission. 

Neighbohkood. The population has changed from American to Italian and 
African. Manyot these people own Iheir homes, and own also many of the small shops in 
the neighborhood. Warehouses and packing houses are encroaching upon tlie residence 
part of the district. 

Maintains kindergarten; library; gymnasium classes; classes in sloyd, sewing, 
kitchen gardening, and garment making; girls' friendly society. Out of i! has grown the 
Cily Mission of Los Angeles, which includes a relief department and clothing bureau: a 
men's home; visiting and services in public institutions; and (be ground for a convalescent 
home near the County Hospital — recently acquired. The settlement is one of the depari- 
menls of the City Mission. Summer H'orit.— Excursions lo the beaches. 

Residents. Women a. Head Worker. Deaconess Anna. Mar, 1, 1910- 

Literature. Report of the Diocese of Los Angeles. 1910 — The Open Dotrr. 
published quarterly by the Los Angeles City Mission. 

Stinson Memorial Industrial School (Jewish) 
Amelia Street 

Founded April, 1910, by the Council of Jewish Women "to do neighbor- 
hood work for children and women." The work is carried on in a large class 
room in the Stinson Memorial School, but the Council looks forward to owning 
its own building and establishing a permanent settlement. While the activities 
are primarily for Jewish children, others are very welcome. 

Neighborhood. There are a great many Russian Jews in this quarter; alto Ital- 
ians. Japanese and Molkanes. 

Maintains classes in sewing and fancy work; rKreation. Classes continued all 
summer, with trolley rides to beach and country. 

For information address Mary W. Goldman, 


New Century Club 

Fifth and Peralta Streets 

EsTABLisHEO October, 1900, as the outgrowth of a free kindergarten 

organized about 1890 by Elizabeth Belts, and carried on after one year by a 

group of ladies. The New Century Club (organized tgoo) uses its club house as 

a settlement, meeting monthly for business and a social luncheon. Aims "to 

establish and maintain schools of domestic science, including cooking and sewing 


schools; 10 promole the establishment and maintenance of boys' and girls' 
clubs; toestablish and maintain free libraries and reading rooms; to promole the 
establishment and maintenance of kindergarten schools, vacation schools, public 
playgrounds and public parks; to promote in any and all ways the proper care, 
education and training of the young, to the end that they may become self- 
suslaining and intelligent, useful members of society." Incorporated Decem- 
ber 13, 1900. 

Neichborhood. Manufacluring and railroad (iUtricI of small crowded dwellings- 
There are no parks or playgrounds, aniJ the neighborhood contains thirty-live saloons. 
The people are Italian, Spanish, Mexican, French, English. Portuguese, Negro. Irish, 
German. Scandinavian, etc. Much child labor with long hours and hard work tend 
to bring about distressing moral conditions. - 

Activities. The city is about to purchase a playground adjacent to the 
club house. As a result of the work of the club, cooking is taught in the public 

Maihtaiks library; kindergarten; sewing school; carpenter shop; gymnasium; 
clothing bureau; classes in cooking (boys and girls); public school cooking classes, and 
classes in homemaking, sewing, garment making, etc.; dubs tor women, children, and 
boys; cottage visiting: enterlainmenls and fcilivali. 

Residents. "The club has had resident workers at various limes living 
cottage directly opposite the club." 

For information address Mrs, Elizabeth D. Watt, Presidio Terrace, San Francil 

Oakland Social Settlement 

(Fotmeriy The Manse, 1895-8) 
709 Linden Street, West Oakland 

Established February, 1895, by Rev. Frank E. Hinckley and Mary E, 
B. Norton. The West Oakland Settlement Association was organized nine 
months later. In 1898-9 the Good Will Kindergarten, the Boys' Club, the 
Friendly Hour Mothers' Club, and the Neighborhood Club joined forces with 
the settlement. "The aim of the association is to establish a neighborhood 
house where it can be shown that family life is capable of enlargement until it 
shall include the entire community." "To lead whatever of social life its neigh- 
borhood may afford; to focus and g,ive form to that life; to bring to bear upon it 
the resultsof cultivation and training; to exchange for the music of isolated voices 
the volume and strength of the chorus." "To make better the civic conditions 
of our city, and help solve the industrial problems of the day." Incorporated 
November. 1899. 

Neighborhood. The manufacturing pari of Oakland. The people are Portuguese 
and Italian. 

Activities. For ten years (1S95-1905) the association maintained a free 
kindergarten (now a cily kindergarten); and later a day nursery (190^-1908). 
Following the earthquake of 1906 fed and clothed refugees from San Francisco, 
and maintained a center for the Oakland Relief Committee. 



s dispensary: siation of visiting nurse; noon-day tesi far girls: folk- 
dancing; classes for girls in cooking, sewing, basket-ball and gymnasium work; for boys, 
gymnasium work and military tactics; library; social evenings twice a month for men 
and women: women's club, A llaE on the third floor of the house i; rented lo Ihe women 
workers in travellers' aid. 

Former Locations, loao Third St., 1895-?; 1730 Eighth Si„ ?-i898; 1030 
Unden St,, Dec, iSgS-ctjoo; Third and Franklin Sts, 

Residents, Women 1. Volunteers, Women )i, men a. Head Residents, 
May Norton, i89;~iS98; Charlotte Louise Morgan, 1898; Alice F. Coburn, 1898-1901: 
Carrie Goodhue, 1901-1902: Minnie Smith. 1902-. 

literature. Annual Reports, 1899, 1901, 1908. Stt also: A California Settle- 
ment, Commoni, July, iSyli, p. 13. 

People's Institute (Congregational) 
Established 1910, "as a People's Institute for religious and educational 

Neighborhood, A farming district, but with the usual difficulties of amusing 
the young people. 

Maintains. The house is a well built, well equipped building, with auditorium 
for church services and lectures: living rooms and club rooms: gymnasium and swimming 
pool; tennis and baseball courts; clubs for boys, girls, men and women. 

Head Workeh. Rev, W, J. Bryant. 


Ashe, Elizabeth: Nurses Settlements in San Francisco, Char. andConiiHoni, ivi : 4; 
(Apr, 7, 1906) — Hill, Archibald A,: San Francisco and the Relief Work Ahead. Char. 
and Commons, xvi : 135 (Apr. iS, 1906). The Reconstruction of San Francisco, Char. 
tmi CommoHS. ivi ; 165 (May 5, 1905) — Eaves, Lucile; Where San Francisco was 
Sorest Stricken, Cbar. and Commons, xvi : 161 (May 5. 1906) — Taylor, Graham: 
After Earthquake and Fire, Cbar, and Commons, xvi : 157 (May ;. 1906) — Rogers, 
James E.: Social Settlements in the San Francisco Disaster, Char, and Commons, xvi : 331 
(June 3, 1906) — Smith, Mary Roberts: Relief Work in its Social Bearings, Cbar. and 
Commons, xvi : 308 (June j, 1906) — Taylor, Graham: The Earthquake's Emphasis 
on Human Good. Char, and Commons, xvi : 193 (June 1. 1906) — Eaves. Lucile: Situa- 
tion in San Francisco, Chat, and Commons, xix : ij6s (Dec, Ji, 1907). 

Catholic Settlement and Humane Society 
597 Oak Street 
Organized 1907. to secure "a centralized and comprehensive charity 
organization under the auspices of the church. It embraces Catholic educa- 
tional, extension, settlement, and humane work," The settlement department 
aims "to establish houses in the different districts of the city where Ihe children 
of the neighborhood may be gathered off the street." 

"As we understand the term 'settlement work,' it means a center where 


the mothers of a neighborhood and their children may gather daily, or weekly, o^ 

asoltenaslhey may wish, to be entertained and instructed; and where they may 
enjoy themselves and feel at home and meet the other members of the club or 
class, and listen to music and lectures of an instructive and entertaining charac- 
ter, with the object of bringing into their lives somewhat more of sunshine and 
happiness than they might otherwise have; and, at the same time, doing what- 
ever may be proper for the increase of their knowledge and moral uplift. 

" I n rendering service to the poor we do not in any way discriminate against 
non-Calholics. A large number of non-Catholic women and children attend 
the meetings of the clubs in the settlement centers and are accorded the same 
courtesy and kindly interest as the Catholic members. The society aims, not 
simply to aid the poor in a material way, but to exercise a salutary influence, 
morally and spiritually, at the same lime respecting the faith of non-Catholics 
while encouraging the members of our own faith in doing good in every way." 

Maintains. " The department mainialns (1910) iwo centers, one al Seventeenth 
and Potrero Avenue, iKe other at Eighteenth and Oakwood Streets. Here children arc 
cateiX for and taught the domestic and other arts. Several clubs for working girls with 
social and recreational purpose are carried on. Through mothers' ctubs, and sewing and 
kindergarten classes, and by lectures, entertainments and discussions, this department 
undertakes to make its settlement houses centers of interest and salutary influences in 
their respective neighborhoods. Over three hundred children are now enrolled." 

More or less work of a similar order has been done in every Roman Catholic parish 
of the city since the fire, and the church is keenly alive Co the needs of Its people. Under 
the diifcrent sisterhoods, centers have been established where religious instruction, day 
nurseries, cooking and sewing classes, clubs and social work are carried on. 

"The religious order called Helpers of the Holy Souls have a home at the corner of 
Haight and Buchanan Streets, where they gather many of the mothers of the neighborhood 
and their children for club or social life. They also have a place in what is known as the 
Italian quarter of the city and one in the Spanish quarter and also in that part of the city 
known as Chinatown. The Salesian Fathers have a building in the Italian quarter, where 
the mothers of that section have their meetings and, likewise, the children, for the purposes 
of instruction and entertainment and strengthening and uplifting of all who may be in 
need of encouragement, information or advice; and some hundreds of children and molhen 
attend the meetings," 

Literature. Tbe Manitar (San Francisco), June 16, 1910. _ 

For information address R. E. Queen, Esq., $97 Oak St., San Francisco, Cal. J 

Cathedral Mission of the Good Samaritan (Episcopal) ^ 
Center and Day Nursery, 246 Second Street. New Center, 25th Street and 
Polrcro Avenue 

Established May, 1896. After the earthquake and fire of 1906, the 
work was continued in a temporary building, and a building was erected at 25th 
Street and Potrero Avenue in a new neighborhood. Work is conducted in both 

Neichborhood. Before the fire an old residence part of the city with a Urge 
population crowded into a small space. Since the fire it has been rebuilt with shacks. 



, Mtfng housei and a small number of Hats. Housing condilion> are Krious in tbat all 
shacks are condemned after iQti. The people are ieafaring or longshoremen and must 
live near their work. Rents arc very high. 

Maintains. Second Slritt Center.— Diy nursery; relief; dispensary; mothers' 
club; Monday Tea Club (a club o( women over sixiy); library; classes in sewing and 
picture framing, Ttecnly-fiflb Strtel Center. — New building ready, with a large hall, 
chapel, gymnasium with showers and lockers, club rooms, dispensary, treatment and dark 
rooms, operating room and diet kitchen, living roams for residents, reading room, clothing 
bureau, elc. 

Residents. Second Strtel. — Women i. Twenty-fifth Strttl. — Women i, men i. 
Volunteers. Women 36. men 3 

Literature. Diocesan Journals — Report, 1907-1910. 

Worfc Previous to Earthquake and Fire {April, igo6) 

"When the rich people began moving from old Rincon Hill, the poorer class came 
into the cJd mansions, making tenements and lodging houses out of the formerly beautiful 
dwellings of the pioneers. The only Episcopal church in the neighborhood was moved 
further up-town to 'secure a congregation,' but when Kev. William I. Kip started the 
Good Samaritan Mission, it was crowded to the doors, proving that the congregation wai 
there, but evidently not of the type desired by the larger church, 

"A four-story plant was installed in 1897, containing a large gymnasium, shower 
and tub baths, carpenter shop, clothing bureau, and dispensary of four rooms on the base- 
ment floor; also a library, reading room, club rooms for men. women and girls; a targe 
hall for dancing, with stage; kitchen for cooking classes and refreshments; rooms on the 
tipper floor for clubs, janitor, large chapel with splendid organ, and robing rooms for 
chdr; study and vestry for clergy." 

Maintained a woodyard. reading room. Brotherhood of St, Andrew, meals. 
bed tickets, clothing, employment, for men; classes in gymnasium. Knights of King 
Arthur, choir, carpenter work, for boys; mothers' clubs, picture framing, fancy work, for 
women: physical culture, cooking, singing, library, Sunday excursions, for girls; sewing, 
gymnasium, library, for children. 

Former LoCATfONS. 14^ Second St., 1896; 346 Second St,, 1897-1906; 38 Essex 
St, {Boys' Home). 

Literature. Diocesan Journals — Report. 1903. 

Emanu-el Sisterhood 
1017 Sleiticr Street (1909-) 
Established 1894, and incorporated in 1903, "to exercise an educa- 
tional, social and humanitarian influence on all those who come within its con- 
fines." Maintained by subscriptions. 

NEtCHSORHOOO. "A residence portion of the city. The classes consist of children 
who live within a radius of six or eight city blocks, making this essentially a neighborhood 
settlement. The work is non-sectarian, one-fifth being non-Jewish children. 

Maintains employment bureau; boarding house for girls; library; classes for 
nen in needlework, crocheting and knitting; for girls in stenography and lypewriling. 
plain sewing, embroidery, dressmaking, crocheting, millinery and dancing; for boys in 


physical culture and a glee club; medical and instructive lectures are given; 
lainments. etc, 

FoRMe* Locations. Before fire, Folsom St. nea 
Gate Ave.. 1508-1909. 

Residents. Women 1. Head Resident. (Miss) Ray S. Feder. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Annual Report, igoS-igog. 

Since lire, 137s Gdden 

Green Street Congregational Church 
Green Street 
Established 1903. "Aims to be a church with resident workers, 
every day and night for physical, social and spiritual culture." 

Neighborhood. The edge of Telegraph Hill, near the residence part of Russian 
Hill and close to Barbary Coast (TenJerloin). The people are largely Italians, French, 
Spaniards and native Americans. 

Activities. Worked for the moving picture censorship law, removal of 
nickel-in-slot machines from cigar and candy shops; playgrounds; Sunday 
closing of shops; higher license of saloons; against spread of vice into residence 

n. boys and girls; classes in gymnastics, orchestra, 
ught by eX'pugJIist Wedge, who also works among 
. in basement; roof garden, playground and glass 

Maintains cEubs for won 
music, sewing. (Gymnasium c1 
young men on Barbary Coast.) 

Residents. Women 4. 1 
DENT. Rev. E. L. Wali. 

Women 5, n 

Head ReU^^ 
and inel^H 

The People's Place (Undenominational) 

(A social settlement and non-sectarian institutional church) 
555 Chestnut Street 

Established in 1S98, by Henry A. Fisk, as a social center, and 
porated in 1905 as a Benevolent Society, "To make good men and good citizens 
out of those whose environment tends otherwise." The methods adopted are 
"neighborly association with the people in their houses and in the social center; 
kindly offices in sickness and distress; and the provision at the People's Place of 
attractive means of self-improvement, healthful recreation and social inter- 
course. . . . The work has always been conducted on the basis of appealing 
equally to the spiritual as well as to the social, physical and intellectual side of 
life. We have embraced many of the features of an institutional church work 
and ... we might be described as a gospel or Christian settlement." 
Supported by subscriptions. 

Neiohborhood. After the earthquake and fire the People's Place was re-estab- 
lished at 553 Chestnut Street, not far away from the old site, and in the North Beach 
district. This district contains the Latin Quarter. Telegraph Hill, fishing wharves, mills 
and canneries. The people are, for the mosi pari, hard-working foreigners, largely 


IS clubs for mothers, boys and girli; clanes in gymnastics, singing, print- 
ing. Mwing; 3 band; lectures; enlertainments: a moving-picture machine: baths; and 
religious services. 

Former LocATiOH, 611 Greenwich St., 1898-1906, 

Head Worker. Rev. Henry A, Fisk. 

Literature. Authoriied ST^tTEMCNTS, Tbi Kingdom Ion (\h it j;; Chestnut 
Street. Not issued since the fire). 

PoTRERO Nurses' Settlement 
(Formerly Social Settlement House; Tehama Street Nurses House) 
Nineteenth and Iowa Streets (1907-) 
Established 1898. (See below.) 

Neichborkood. After the earthquake and lire of April, 1906, the people from 
the burned out districts flocked to the Potrero hills. The first shacks soon made way 
(or houses, though many of them remain. The district is 3 manufacturing quarter, in- 
habited by the poorer workmen and the foreign element. 

Activities. The settlement aims to be "a civic, educational, and social 
center." It has aided the United States Immigrant Commission in its "collec- 
tion of accurate and important data among the Russians"; has obtained city 
consent to the placing of a city library station in one of the settlement buildings; 
organized the Potrero Women's Club, which works for "clean streets and better 
sanitary conditions for the neighborhood"; has made an inspection of sanitary 
conditions in the vicinity; and was instrumental in having a night school for 
Russians placed in the Potrero by the board of education; and its workers act as 
auxiliary inspectors under the board of health. 

Maintains first-aid room; resident nursing service; kindergarten; city library; 
clubs for men in civic improvement; clubs for young men in singing and amusement; 
clubs for women, girls and boys; classes in sewing, dancing: gymnasium; social events; 
lectures and concerts, 5Mmiii«r Work. — Boys' club outing (self supporting). 

Former Location, ^ii'/i Tehama Street, i89S-Apr., 1906, 

Before the Earthquake and Fire of 1906 
Octavine Briggs, 3 nurse of the Associated Charity Society, felt that she must 
establish a permanent residence in a poor district and sever all connection wiUi organiia- 
tions in order to do her best work. A small house was taken and furnished. At first she 
did not bring the nursing into prominence, but concentrated her energies in becoming the 
friend and confidant of her neighbors. The residents, though not all nurses, were largely 
•o; but much social and neighborhood work was done. The people were largely Irish. 
Residents were very active in keeping the health and sanitary departments up to their 
duty, and in securing from the district a reciprocal care to keep sidewalks and drains clear. 
Residents. Women 6, men (, Volunteers. Women ), men 4. Head Resi- 
dent. (Mis.) Octavine Briggs Schweitzer, 1898-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Annual Report, 1898-1908: 1908-1909, 
Su aiio: San TtancacaCbroniclt, May 1;, igio. 


San Francisco Settlement 

(Formerly South Park Selllcment) 
3520 Folsom Street (191 1-) 
Established January 2. 1895, by the San Francisco Settlement Asso- 
ciation [organized April 14, 1894, and incorporated), "To establish and main- 
tain a settlement in San Francisco as a residence for persons interested in the 
social and moral condition of its neighborhood; to bring into friendly and helpful 
relations with one another the people of the neighborhood in which the settle- 
ment is situated: to co-operate with church, educational, charitable and labor 
organizations, and with other agencies acting for the improvement of social 
conditions; to serve as a medium among the different social elements of the city 
for bringing about a more intelligent and systematic understanding of Ilieir 
mutual obligations." To do "social and educational work in the neighborhood; 
co-operate in the civic work of the city; and investigate social and economic 

/1/teT ihf Earthquake and Fire of igo6 
"Although the house was only slightly damaged by the earthquake, it, 
with its fine equipment, was ultimately burned and the settlement workers in 
company with thousands of their homeless neighbors camped out in China Basin. 
Most of the residents and volunteer workers at once oiTered their services to the 
Relief Committee and for several months assisted in the organization and dis- 
tribution of relief. Miss Eaves, the head worker, returned from New York, 
whereshe had been on leave of absence during the previous winter, and organized 
social and sewing centers. Dana Coolidge, with funds offered by Selah Cham- 
berlain, established a brick cleaning camp at the suburban town of Palo Alto 
and gathered there the younger boys of the boys' clubs, who were able to earn 
considerably more than their own living, and many of whom for the first time 
contributed to the support of their families. 

"Although scattered over miles of devastated territory in camps and tents, 
many of the South Park neighbors reported themselves to the former resi- 
dents of the house at relief stations, and demanded, first of all, the re-establish- 
ment of the settlement. One of the young men's clubs pitched its tents in 
front of the ruins of the old house, determined to stay there til! it should be 

" But it appeared then, and time has proved, that the region about the Park 
was probably to be a commercial district, and as many of the people had moved 
farther out it was thought wise to re-establish the settlement work at 720 Treat 
Avenue and to await the development of city reconstruction before fixing upon 
a permanent location. With the money remaining from a small legacy and 
chiefly through the energy and enthusiasm of Jean Parker, the treasurer of the 
council, and of W. H. Hutton, in charge of the boys' club, a large, rough, 
cheap club house was quickly built and the work reorganized with a nucleus of 
old club members." 


In spite of the loss in equipment by fire the work has rapidly grown lo 

proportions as great as in South Park, and the possibilities for work to be done are 
great and far-reaching. 

Neichborhood. The location is in the heart of the "Mission," the thickly popu- 
lated residence district of the working classes of San Francisco, with outlying faclories. 
The community varies from a few old wealthy families and prosperous business men to a 
shifting population In inadequate lodging houses and refugee shacks. The neighbors are 
largely native bom, with a cosmopolitan minority. 

Maintains clubs for girls, women and boys; Instruction given In manual training, 
debating: gymnasium and cross country walks, for boys; German, sewing, embroidery 
and gymnasium, for girls; classes in civics and social economics; prospective moving 
picture lectures on educational and historical subjects. Summrr iVo'lt. — Camp for boys 
in Sonoma County picking berries; outings to Belmont for mothers and girls. 

Before the Earthquake atid Fire of igo6 
The South Park Settlement began work in a small way at Number i^ 
South Park. In October, 1897. it moved to a larger house at 84 South Park; 
in 1900 the San Francisco Boys' Club was merged in the settlement; in March. 
1901, Mrs. Phoebe Hearst purchased and remodelled the two houses at 84-86 
South Park, and added the Shaw gymnasium. 

Neichborhood. The Park was an old fashioned residence district far down town 
in the business-factory quarter. The community varied in condition from the prosperous 
business man and the poor but steadily employed workman to the waterfront ointingcni 
verging on destitution. The people were largely native born of American, Irish and 
German descent. 

Activities. The workers made various efforts for neighborhood and civic 
betterment; worked hard for a playground for the section; made investigations 
into school attendance; were largely instrumental in preparing the way for an 
adequate child labor law. and for a better law covering the work of women; 
carried on in co-operation with the University of California lectures on trade 
unionism, etc. 

M*tNT*iNED clubs of girls, boys, young men, women and older women; instruction 
given in carpentry, printing, brushmaking, Venetian ironwork, etc. for boys; gymnasium 
work for boys, girls and women; dressmaking, millinety, plain sewing, embroidery and 
cooking; classes in singing, literature, and economics; jtereopticon ethical talks for the 
children on Sunday afternoon. Sitmmtr H'oril.— Camps for women and girls; boys' camp 
1903 R. in the Fruit Belt picking fruit. 

Former Location. 730 Treat Ave,, 1906-1911. 

Head Residents. Fred E. Haynes. Apr.. i894-Aug., 1895; Prof. Bernard Moses. 
Jan.-June, 189s; Mrs. M. C Schermchorn, Nov., 1895-1898; Dr. Dorothea Moore, 
1898-1903; Lucile Eaves, 1901-1907; Mary R, Smith, 1905-1906; Eugenia Schenk, 1907-. 
Literature. I. Authobiied Statements. Annual reports of the San Francisco 
Setllement Assoc. — Monthly Bulletin, 1908-9 — Issues of the South Park Press. 
Published, beginning June, 1897, by the Caiton Club, of the settlement. Sti aha: The 
San Francisco Setllement Ass'n. Ptoiptcl Union Rn., i. No. 19 (Mar. 6, 1895) — 
McLean, Fannie: South Park Settlement. Commons, June, 1897, pp. 1-3 — Coman, 



Katharine: South Park Seillement. Commons, viii, No. S5 (Aug., 1903) — Nan Ilemi, 
Commons, Aug., 1896, p. 6, and Oct., 1897. p. 13. 

It. Articles or Social Studies bv Residents. Eaves, Lucile: Weekly article* 
in the Labor Clarion (San Francisco), i90]-r904 — School Attendance in the Twenty- 
first District of San Francisco. IftsUrn Jour. 0/ Educ,, Oct.. 1904 — Special articles on 
Child Labor in daily papers and the Labor Clarion; particularly the issues of Tbt Call, 
Nov. 13, 1900, and Labor Clarion, Nov. 11, 1904 — Women and Children Wageworkfrt 
of California. In biennial report of California State Labor Bureau, 1904. 

Telegraph Hill Neighborhood Association 
Neighborhood House, 1734 (1736) Stockton Street. Dispensary, 1734 (l 
Stockton Street. Hill Farm, Bothin, Marin Co., Cal. 
After the Earthquake and Fire of 1906 

Established in the winter of 1903, by Elizabeth Ashe, as an outgrow 
of a Saturday morning sewing school and kitchen garden carried on in the Tele- 
graph Hill district by the City Front Association of Volunteer Workers {founded 
Feb., 1890), to improve "the social and hygienic conditions of Telegraph Hill 
and its neighborhood . . . by maintaining clubs and a gymnasium for boys, 
girls, men and women, dispensaries with district nurses, kitchen gardens, etc." 
Incorporated Aug, 22, 1904. Immediately after the catastrophe (of 1906) the 
house re-established its dispensary and nursing service; its nurses enlisting under 
the board of health and having control of the sanitation, nursing and general 
welfare of the Pioneer Park and Washington Square camps. The dispensaries 
were used for social work, and clubs and efforts toward a return to normal social 
relationships and conditions started. The workers fell the greatest need of the 
camps to be social, as the shacks and the uncomfortable living tended to drive 
young people into all kinds of ill advised amusements. The convalescent home 
at Hill Farm was maintained and a school and kindergarten established there. 

A newconstitution and articlcsofincorporaiion were adopted December n, 
1906, and a new work begun. 

Neichbohhood. Telegraph Hill was rebuilt almost immeiiialely after the fire, and 
although many poorly built and badly ventilated tenements are going up, the real estate 
men say there are more individual property owners and fewer mortgages on Telegraph 
Hill than in any part of the city. The people are a hard working, cosmopolitan class, 
mainly Italians. This section borders on the Barbaiy Coast and has many factories, mitli 
and canneries within its boundaries. * 

Activities. The house has interested itself in the new civic problems of 
its neighborhood. It played a part in the struggle which preserved the tene- 
ment house law; made an inspection of housing for the Association for the 
Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis; worked for the maintenance of city pa- 
tients in private hospitals; demonstrated the practical advantages of visiting 
nurses in the public schools, and provided the nurses when the board of health 
voted medical inspection supplemented by nursing service. 

Maintains dispensary, resident nursing service, convalescent home; clubs for 
molhen and children; classes in housekeeping, cooking, sewing, etc.; boys' classes in 


miliUry drill, cooking, sloyd, dancing, gymnaitics, etc: racial events, monthly enter- 
Uinmenn and lectures. StimtiuT tVork. — Hill Farm, Bothin. Marin Co.. Cal. Thii farm 
was originally started to meet the needsof the nunes of Telegraph Hill Settlement inuring 
for convalescent patients, but it was found to be impossible lo confine its work to Ihem. at 
demands upon it increased foe care of crippled and tired children and mothers and old 
people. Especially after the fire and earthquake did this farm do good work in caring for 
many people suffering from the shock and exposure incident lo that homeless period. 
The day nursery was only open one summer. 

Before the Earthquake and Fire of igo6 

Neighborhood House, 650 Filbert Street. Dispensary, 536 Green Street. 

Hill Farm. Bothm. Marin Co.. Cal. 

Established, The Neighborhood House was opened in October, 1905. 
During the preceding years the girls' clubs had been carried on in a flat on the 
summit of the hill (Sansome Street), the boys' clubs in a cottage at 427 Vallejo 
Street, the Saturday morning school in Silver Star Hall, and the clothing bureau 
in a flat over the dispensary. Residence began in 1905. 

" During the three years that have elapsed since the association organized, 
it has been possible to gain the firm friendship of the people without a permanent 
residence having been established among them. Miss Johnson's home in the 
neighborhood has been of great assistance . . . and since Miss Ashe has 
lived at the Neighborhood House the atmosphere of home life has undoubtedly 
increased the interest of club members and club workers." (Report, 1906.) 

In the summer of 1905 a day nursery was opened at 31 iS Mason Street by 
one of the workers and was privately financed. 

NEJCiiaoRHOOD. The section was a quarter given up almost entirely to Italians, 
Porto Ricans and Mexicans. 

Activities. The house interested itself in the physical and civic needs of 
its neighbors. It worked for the acquisition of a playground, a park on the hill, 
school playgrounds, clean streets, better sanitary conditions. It organized and 
worked with the Telegraph Hill Improvement Club, which met at the settlement. 

Residents. Women a. Head Resident. Elizabeth H. Ashe, 190J-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Annual Reports, ist, and, 3rd; also 
4th, ;th, 6th (1907-1909). 5m also: Rogers, James E. (director of the boys' club): 
The State of Columbia. Charitin, xii : i4i~i%Q (Mar. ;, 1904}. 

True Sunshine Mission (Eptscopa!) 

966 Clay Street 

Established in 1908 for work among the Chinese, Has a well equipped 

house, with living rooms on the second floor for the resident worker, and is 

located in the midst of the Chinese quarter of San Francisco, and across the street 

from the public Chinese school. 

Maintains. A feature of the work of this Mission is the playground lor Chinese 
children on the grounds. This playground is equipped as a regulation playground and is 


n English foradulTs, and in sewing and kitchen gard 
n Chineie are held on Sundays in the chapel; Ihere is also a laige 

never empty. Classes ai 

(of (hiidren. Servici 
Sunday school. 

The Deaconess is jusi starling a room called the " Room ot Peace," where Chinese 
patients who are expected to die can be brought to die in peace. It is a Chinese custom to 
take their people who are supposed to be dying 10 the undertaker's; among the poorer 
classes they are left in dark cellars. Many children suffering from diphtheria and similar 
diseases have been saved by the workers from the different religious centers, who took 
them when Ihey had been given up to die. 

There Is a dispensary In the house, and it is huped that this will form the nucleui 
For a Chinese hospital where the Chinese poor can obtain 

Neighborhood House 

(Formerly Young People's Club, Oct,, 1907-NQv., 1908) 
"The Adobe," Santa Barbara and Dc la Guerra Streets (1910-) 

Established October. 1907, by a group of public spirited women 
two public school teachers, one from the ungraded room and the other from ihe 
Anna S. C. Blake Manual Training School, "to do club work for children and 
young people," Incorporated 1910. Maintained by dues and subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. "The Adobe" is two historic adobe houses C1786) in the old 
residence quarter, two blocks from the main street of the town, surrounded by descend- 
ants of historic old Spanish families, some Americans, and 3 few Mexicans and Italians. 

Activities. For the first year the superintendent (who was also the first 
city and county probation officer) served without compensation. 

Maintains billiard hall and bowling alley; noon day rest for girls; library (also 
branch public library): hall, with stage; loom room for carpet weaving; work room; 
dental clinic; special room for girls; outdoor gymnasium; two public playgrounds — one 
I public park; a free public bath house (built, owned and maintained by Association. 
A citizen gives use of land, and the city allows salary of "special beach policeman"). 
Classes in military drill, gymnastics, dramatics, block printing, boat building, electricity, 
metal work, sewing, dressmaking, cooking, housekeeping, wood carving, tool work, or- 
chestra, folk dances, etc. There are lectures, concerts, entertainments. The house and 
grounds are a recreation center. Special attention In the summer to playground. The 
large Industrial classes are held in the Anna S. C. Blake Manual Training School Building 
on the same grounds with the Neighborhood House. 

Former Locations, aj W. Ortega St., 1907-1909; 135 E. Haley Si,, 1909-1910, 

Superintendent. Margaret Baylor, 

Literature, Report, 1909, 

Colfax Settlement (ODuncil of Jewish Women) 
2713 West Colfax Avenue 
Founded 1906, by the Council of Jewish Women. Maintained by the 
Council, the Charity Organization Society, and subscriptions, 
Neichbdkhood. The people are Jews. 

Maintains boyi' dubs; classes in reaJing, instructive games, hammered brass, 
civics, and debating; lectures and social evenings at which girls are admitted. 

Head Workers. D. E. Harlem; Mrs. Adalph Oppenheimer, [410 Columbine St. 
Literature. Jewish Settlement Work in Denver. Cbar. ami Commons. XV : ;)g 
{Jan . T906). 

The Neighborhood House Association 
Established 1902. (See West Side Neighborhood House — below.) 


3517 Navajo Street (1908-) 

Assumed in December, 1907, by the Neighborhood House Association 
at the request of the Charity Organization Society, and conducted as a neighbor' 
hood center by residents of the Neighborhood House. 

Neichboruood. The house is In the center of the Italian district. The great 
need is industrial and civic training. 

Maintains library; night school; classes in cooking, dressmaking, singing; clubs 
for boys, Sunday evening music and sloiy hours. Summer Work. — Kindergarten, library, 
and sewing classes. 

FoKMER Location. 3410 Pecos St.. 1907-Sept,, 1908. 


966 Galapagos Street C1903-) 
Established June, 190a, by the Women's Association of Plymouth Con- 
gregational Church, " to provide a home to be a center of usefulness and cheer 
to all the neighborhood." Incorporated April, 1903, "to establish, conduct and 
maintain a neighborhood house which may consist of one or more buildings in 
-the city and county of Denver, state of Colorado, not for profit, but for educa- 
tional, charitable and benevolent purposes; to afford a place where the children 
of such neighborhood may receive the benefit of a kindergarten school, and where 
sewing and similar industries may be taught; the maintenance of 3 nursery for 
the daily care of infants, and of dormitories where temporary care and shelter 


may be given to homeless boys and girls; for the establishment of a gymnasium 
and a reading room; and for a place generally where such boys and girls may re- 
ceive the benefit of moral training, wholesome recreation and amusement, and 
where the parents of such children and other parents may assemble for like pur- 
poses." Maintained by pledges from churches, the Charity Organization So- 
ciety, and subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. An independent neighborhood with German, Irish, and Scandi- 
navian population, thoroughly Americanized. Needs recreation center, co-operating with 
neighboring schools and churches, and a day nursery. In Denver there are an unusual 
number of widows, and women with invalid husbands, owing to the fact of its being a 
colony for tuberculosis patients. 

AcTivrriES. Playground and athletic field (co-operation of city); branch 
of the public library. 

Maintains day nursery, employment office, sewing school, and rumnuge sale; 
recreation center for the young people; classes in dancing; clubs for women, young people 
and children, with athletic, social and literary aims; entertainments and socials. Publishes 
the Neighhofhood House Times. Summer fVark. — Playground, picnics, and excursions. 

Former Locations. 962 Santa Fe Ave., June, 1902-1903. 966 Galapagos St. 
(formerly S. Water St.). New building added, 1906. 

Residents. Women 3. Volunteers. Women 25, men 6. Head Residents. 
Louise Semple, 1902-1903; Mary A. Lawrence, 1903-1905; (Mrs.) Margaret Manning, 
1905-1909; Euphemia Johnson, September, 1909-June, 1910; Alice Knapp, Sept., 1910-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Opportunities and Needs at Neighbor- 
hood House, 1 902-1903 — Report of Charity Organization Society, 1907, p. 71 — Re- 
port of Neighborhood House Association, 1908; 1909 — Publishes Neighhofhood House 



CuRDON W. Russell Settlement House 

34 Charter Oak Avenue 
EsTABLTSHED May I, 1910, by the Visiting Nurse Association, "for the 
purpose of doing instructive work among children and young people; and to 
conduct an evening clinic for people who are employed during the day. This 
clinic is with a special view to detecting early cases of tuberculosis." 

Neichborhood. South end o( Hast Side factory district. People are Irish. 
Poles, Jews and Italians. 

Maintains clubs for school children every afternoon, where sewing, darning. 
entbraidery, crocheting, and basket making are taught; weekly evening club for working 
girls, and one for working boys; weekly clinic for suspected cases of lung trouble. 

Residents. Women 4. Volunteers, Women 14, men 2. 

Head Resident. Martha J. Wilkinson. 

Social Settlement of Hartford {Undenominational) 
15 North Street (1898-). Playground, 29 North St. Cottage, Haddam. Conn. 

Established March, 1895. by Miss Davison (Mrs. L. B. Palon) and 
Miss Hansel! (Mrs. F. A. Hastings), one time workers at College Settlement, 
New York City, as the outgrowth of a small dub and class center which they had 
founded a year previously. The Sociological Club of Hartford assumed re- 
sponsibility for the rent for part of the second year. Aims "to Americanize the 
foreign bom; to train young people in good citizenship; to bring about tenement 
house reform thrdOgh arousing dissatisfaction in our tenement house dwellers 
with dirt, darkness and bad sanitation, so that they will demand better, healthier, 
more convenient houses; to teach our girls and ^oung women how to make and 
keep an attractive home; to provide a center for the social life of the neighbor- 
hood, and to serve as a common ground for all classes of society where they may 
meet to know and understand one another." Incorporated, March, 1901. 

Neichborhood. The people are Jews, Italians, Irish, and Poles. 

Maintains playground (for neighborhood children under eight years old); branch 
of public library; reading room; bank; baths; clothing bureau; study hour for children; 
daily social evening for young people; story hour; classes in cooking, housekeeping, 
kitchen garden, embroidery, sewing, and piano; military drill; handicrafts; clubs for 
women, young people, and children, with literary, debating, dramatic, athletic and benevo- 
lent aims; Bible class and evensong: lectures, entertainments, and socials. Summit 
Ifork. — Playground; picnics and excursions; vacations at the settlement summer home. 

Former Location, 6 North St., iSg^-iSgii. 

Residents. Women 3, Volunteers. Women ao, men 5. Head Resident. 
Katherine P. Woods, 189$; Isabel Eaton, idy6; Irmagarde Rossiler. 1897; Mary Gra- 
ham Jones, Dec., 1898-. 



Lilenture. Authokized Statements. Report, 1903 (Contains hbttxy a( ike 
setllemeni) — Reporl, 1908-9. Ste alto: Neighborhood Work. Hartford Foil. May 1: 

1895, and Dec. 7, 1899 — 

Spruce Street Settlement (Center) 
31 Spruce Street 
Established December, 190S, by the College Club of Hartford. 
Address Clara Pease, 80 Chunrh Street. 


Lowell House 

ig8 Hamilton Street (1907-). Dispensary, 206 Hamilton Street 

Established January, 1900, as an outgrowth of a flower 
crated by the young people of the Second Congregational Church, Fair Haven, 
and the persona! incentive of Dr. Julia E. Teele, who established herself in a 
tenement occupied by five other families, " to study the needs, live a life of ncigh- 
borlincss, and to interest others in our neighbors." (Report. 1905.) In Febru- 
ary, 1901, an advisory council was organized which assumed the financial burden 
of the work, and the house at 1 53 Franklin Street was taken. In March, 1903, 
the present association was formed and a constitution adopted. Maintained 
by voluntary subscriptions. 

Neigh BOKiictOD. A factory diilricl. While there are a considerable number of 
Irish families left, they are fast being pushed out and the district is becoming character- 
istically Italian. There are some Jews, iiussians and Germans. 

Activities. Representation in the various city movements for better con- 
ditions. Investigation of housing, as a result of which a committee was formed 
which drafted the Connecticut Tenement House Act passed in 1905. Residents 
have been able to be of service in organizing the District Nurses Association, the 
Consumers' League, and the Associated Civic Societies. 

Maintains noon lunch ciub for factory giris; dispensary; piano lessons and prac- 
tice; branch of the public library; bank; classes in sewing, drawing, cooking, carving, 
kitchen garden, painting, iron work, dressmaking, baskeliy; various clubs for children and 
women, boys and young men; English classes for foreigners. Summer Work. — A play- 
ground open for eight weeks; piano lessons: a woman's club; dispensary; noon lunch; 
and some informal work. 

Locations, ioi Franklin St., Jan., igoo. to Jan.. 1901: 15; Franklin St., 1901. to 
May 15, 1907; Dr. Teele's apartment, Hamilton Streel. 1906-. 

Residents. Women 4, men 3, Volunteers. Women 40. men 10. Head Resi- 
dents. Dr. Julia E, Teele, Jan., 1900, to Spring, 19a;; Ethel R. Evans, October, 190;-. 

Literature. AuTHomiEo Statements. Leaflet. Lowell House. Early 1901 — 
Report (March }i, 190)). (Contains a "Summary of the Tenement House Investigation 
of 1901 Into the Tenements in a Pan of ihe Third Ward" by Prof. H. W, Farnam and 
William B. Bailey.) — Report (March 34, 1904). (Conlains "The Meaning of the Social 
Settlement Movement" by Robert Hunter.) — Report (March 29. 190}), (Contains a 
history of the work by Dr. Julia E. Teele.) — Report. March ag. 1906 — Report 
March, 1907 — Report. March, 1908-1900. 




People's Settlement (Undenominational) 

Eighth Street near Lombard Street (1910). Summer House, "The Comfort," 

Penn's Grove, N. J. 

Established October 5, 1901, by Sarah W. Pyle, "to give our people a 
broader education, with its quicker perceptions, larger views and sounder judg- 
ment. To enlarge their affections with their gentler feelings, their higher aspira- 
tions, finer susceptibilities and greater spiritual capacity. A more developed 
will, with its strength, persistence, courage." Incorporated February 17, 1903. 
Maintained by private subscriptions. 

N EiGHBORHOOD. A mixed factory and tenement quarter. The neighbors are largely 
mechanics and artisans of Irish ancestry, with a scattering of Germans and Jews. Many 
saloons, much intoxication, and crap playing. 

Activities. Secured improved lighting service for its quarter, and had a 
part in the campaign for the present child labor law. 

Maintains clubs for children, men and women; kindergarten; library; bank; 
manual training; physical culture; elocution; play hour; picture library; sewing; 
mechanical drawing; Venetian iron work; sloyd; lectures on first aid to the injured; 
boys' brigade, etc. Sunday work includes a children's religious service, and a Bible class. 
Summer IVork. — Day's outings; picnics; trolley rides; open house for good times and 
social evenings. 

Former Location. 831 Church St., 1901-1910. 

Residents. Women 2. Volunteers. Women 40, men 12. Head Resident. 
Sarah W. Pyle, 1901-. 

Literature. Annual Report, March, 1905 — Report of Building Committee, 
May. 1910. 




United Settlement Workers of Washington 

AND Baltimore 

Organized October 20, 1906, at Lawrence House, Baltimore, Md., by 
the settlement workers of Washington, D. C, and Baltimore, Md., "for the de- 
velopment of its members, and for the promotion of the cause of civic and social 
betterment in Washington and Baltimore." 

Activities. Joint meetings, biennially, and monthly meetings of the local 
branches. The association discusses local and general problems, listens to ex- 
perts on forms of settlement and civic work, and holds public meetings to in- 
terest the local communities. 

Officers. President: Mrs. Rudolph Gerlick, Catonsville, Md. Secretary: Minnie 
S. Hanaw, iia Jackson Place, Baltimore. 

Washington Association of Neighborhood Workers 

Organized March 2, 1907 "(a) to further co-operation among neighbor- 
hood workers; (b) to confer upon subjects of common interest; (c) to promote 
civic and social betterment." 

Activities. The association, dunng the years 1907 and 1908, discussed 
matters of common interest, listened to addresses on social and civic work, made 
investigations concerning forms of public amusement, and extended co-operation 
to various organizations. 

The meetings of the association languished during the season of 1909-10, owing to 
simultaneous changes which took place in many of the Washington settlements. Meetings 
resumed November, 19 10. 

Officers. President: J. P. S. Neligh, 468 N. Street, S. W.; Secretary: Mrs. J. P. 
S. Neligh, 468 N. Street, S. W. 

Colored Social Settlement 

18 L Street, S. W. (1909-) 

Established November, 1903, by persons from Neighborhood House 
and the Conference Class of the Associated Charities (colored volunteer workers) 
as the outgrowth of clubs and classes begun in 1902, "to help a delinquent class 
to a higher standard, ultimately to better citizenship." Incorporated, May 23, 
1906. "To conduct a social settlement and social center, including clubs and 
classes, educational activities, industrial work, entertainments and social gather- 
ings; to foster co-operation and mutual helpfulness among the colored people of 



its vicinity by enlisting all who may be inieresied in united efforts for the com- 
mon good; to investigate industrial conditions and social problems, and to pro- 
mote individual, neighborhood and municipal improvement: to promote the 
development of volunteer personal service; to carry on any or all the activities 
which are usually grouped under the title 'college settlement' or 'social settle- 
ment' work." 

Neichsorhooo. Negro district. 

Activities. Efforts toward securing a playground site, compulsory school 
attendance, a summerouling camp for colored children, and an additional kinder- 

Maintains day nursery: branch of public library; tnilk station; infant hygiene; 
public baths; stamp savings; classes in cooking, sewing and gymnastics; clubs for men, 
women, young people and children. Summtr Wtwt.— Picnics and excunions; car rides; 
preparing children for summer camp. 

Former Locations. mS M St., S. W., 1902-1909. 116 M St., S. W., 1904-1909. 

Residents. Women j. Volunteers. Women 4, men t. Head Residents. 
(Mrs.) Sarah Collins Fernandis, 1903-1908; Eloise Bibb, Feb., 1908-. 

Literature. AuiHORizEn Statements. Circulars (illuslrated), to be obtained 
from setllement — Fernandis, Sarab C.: A Mission to Delinquent Folk. Soutbim iVork- 
man (Hampton Institute). June, 1904. Sei also: Miller, Kelly: For Charity's Sake. 
Washington Egoiii; 5fiir, Aug. 37, 1904 — Menei, Margaret; The Banker of Van Town. 
Washington Post, Sept. 11, 1904 — Fernandis, Sarah C: A Colored Social Settlement. 
Senlbim tforkman, June, 1904. A Social Settlement In South Washington. Cbaritiei, 
XV : 64-66 (Oct, 7, 190;}. Neighborhood Interpretation of a Social Settlement. SoHtb- 
irn IforkmaH. Jan., 1906. In the Making. Cbar. and Commons, xviii : 7oj-70t (Sept. 
14, 1907). Social Settlement Work amongColored People, Cbar. and Commoni, xxi : joa 
(Nov. aj, 1908). 

Friendship House (Undenominational Center) 
(Formerly Southeast Settlement, 1901-1904; Rocheforl House, 1904-1909) 

324 Virginia Avenue, S. E. (1909-) 
Established April, 1909. An outgrowth of social work begun in 1901 
by Adeline Rochefort and later extended by Ida A. Green. It purposes: "to 
provide a place for neighborhood social gatherings and entertainments, and 
to furnish a play-center to draw boys and girls from the streets and other places 
of unwholesome recreation; to promote temperance, thrift and self-control and 
to train the hand, the eye and the mind through the teaching of useful arts; to 
cultivate a 'neighborhood' spirit, awaken an interest in civic improvement and 
establish the foundations of honest and progressive citizenship; to develop love 
for the beautiful and the good, to banish selfishness through the spirit of brotherly 
kindness, to relieve the burdened and befriend the distressed; to hold out op- 
portunity for the more fortunate to give themselves in service to the less for- 
tunate; and, highest and best of all, to lead men and women to measure their 
lives by the standard of Jesus Christ. In short, to be the social center and a 
positive educational and religious influence in the community." 1909. 


Neighborhood. The neighborhood includes many of the best class of d 
also a number of cases under the supervision or receiving assistance of the Associated 
Chanties, but, in large majority, families of limited income living under the dJHbililicl 
and repression usually incident Iherelo. Largely native American, white and colored. 
No work, except in connection with the Straus milk station, is undertaken for the colored 
people, since there is a separate settlement organized for them. 

Maintains day nursery; stamp savings; library; gymnasium; story telling; 
kitchen garden; tutoring; kindergarten: classes in sewing; music; boys' and girls' clubs; 
mothers' meeting: mid-week "religious and work meeting"; socials; station for Instruc- 
tive Visiting Nursing Association, Summer U'ork. — Straus milk sub-station, work with 
the boys in co-operation with the "People's Gardens" of Washington, 

Former Locations, Rooms at jig Pennsylvania Ave,, S. E. (1901-1904); Tenth 
and M. Streets (1904); Tenth St. and Georgia Ave, (1904 to 1906). In this period Ihc 
house declared its aim "to develop in extreme Southeast Washington a social and educa- 
tional center, maintained by the neighborhood and its friends, for recreation, improve- 
ment and co-operative effort," 

Residents. Women i, men 1, Volunteers, Women 34. men 9, Head 
Resident. Lydia A, H. Burklin, May, 1909-, 

Liternture. Pamphlets, ]9o4'igio. ^^H 

Neighborhood House ^^| 

468-470 N Street. S. W. (1910-) 

Established November, igoi, by Mr, and Mrs, Charles F. Weller. 
"to be a social center for ihc neighborhood." Incorporated in May, 1906, 
"To conduct a social settlement and social center including clubs and classes, 
educational activities, industrial work, entertainments and social gatherings; 
to maintain playgrounds, gymnasia and baths; to conduct summer outings; 
to investigate industrial conditions and social problems and to promote individual, 
neighborhood and municipal improvement; to institute and maintain philan- 
thropic enterprises; to foster co-operation and mutual helpfulness among the 
people of its vicinity, by enlisting all who may be interested in united efforts for 
the common good; to promote the development of volunteer persona! service in 
civic and philanthropic tines; to carry on any and all the activities which are 
usually grouped under the title of social settlement work; and so lo express in 
practice the commandment 'Love thy neighbor as thyself" that this settle- 
ment shall be in the truest sense a ' Neighborhood House.' " 

Neighborhood, Located in Southwest Washington, in a tenement district 
Largely Americans and Irish- Americans of the third and later generations, and Russian 
Jews, The principal problem of the locality is lack of employment. 

Activities. Worked for better streets and sanitation. Provided the first 
equipped and directed playground in Washington, secured the first branch of the 
publiclibrary, and initiated summer outing work, a modified milk station, and an 
infants' and children's dispensary in Southwest Washington. 

Maintains day nursery; dispensary; milk station; savings service; library; 
public playground; kindergarten; gymnasium; roof garden; classes in basketry, weaving, 
metal work, carpentry, embroidery, sewing; social clubs for boys and girls, young people 


1 women; socials, entertainmenls, plays and festivals, Summer work. — Playground; 
roof garden: hcnitli and dispensary work; classes in crafls; vacation work in co-operalion 
with Fresh Air agencies. 

Former LoCl^TlONS. 456 N St., Soi:thwest, 1901-igog; 468 N St.. Southwest, 

Residents. Women 5, men 1. Volunteers. Women ;o, men 3. Head Resr- 
BEMTs. Eugenia W. (Mrs. Charles F.) Weller, Nov. i, 1901-June 30, 1906: Mr. and 
Mrs. J. P. S. Neligh, July 1. 1906-. 

Literature. Authohiied Statements. Opportunilies and Needs at Neighbor- 
hood House (Pamphlet) — The Second Successful Year at a Social Settlement (Pam- 
phlet) — A Social Settlement in Southwest Washington, T904 — Neighborhood House. 
September, 1905 — Neighborhood House. Review of Prospectus rgor-igoS — Neigh- 
borhood House. 19L0 — Programs and folders. Srt also: Neighborhood House. Wash- 
ington, D. C. Commans. x : 315 (May. 1905) — Weller. C. F.; Neglected Neighbors. 
Char, and Commons, xv : 761-794 (Mar. 3, 1906) — Philanthropy as a Calling. Char, 
and CommoHi, iii : 313-314 (Nov. 18, 190S). 

Noel House 
1663 Kramer Street, N, E. (1910-) 

Established October 1, 1901, by Amelia A. Ryan and Caroline Wit- 
man (now Mrs. Gilfillan), "to make a home whose good influence would be 
felt in the neighborhood" and "to provide a gathering place for neighborly 
intercourse, and for service, industrial, educational and social." Aims, 1907: 
" To be a hospitable home where resident neighbors and friends of the house may 
meet together for mutual helpfulness; to meet the great need for clean and whole- 
some social life; to maintain such clubs and classes as will aid in doing this, not 
following fixed rules for the conduct of the house, but changing our plans from 
time to time to fit the changing needs and meet new opportunities; to study the 
needs of the neighborhood and secure for it all the advantages enjoyed by the 
general community; to try such experiments in social effort as our forces will 
allow; to ccHDperate with other organizations in the interest of our neighborhood; 
to inform ourselves on all new movements for reform, to give them our moral 
support, and to influence legislation when advisable." 

[n 1905 an association was formed. Supported by contributions. 

NetCHBoRKOOD. Tenement quarter, with detached groups of houses and a bate 
uitl bleak environment. The people are largely of Irish and German extraction. There 
■re a few Jews and Italians, 

Activities. A special study of Northe.isl Washington for the Associated 
Charities (1904); co-operative experiments in buying (coal and groceries) and 
producing (preserves). Since 1904 the house has placed a good deal of emphasis 
on recreation work, feeling that the young people of its district were here in 
special danger. 

Maintains milk station; public library station; station of the Instructive Visiting 
Nursing Association; gymnasium; athletics; games; etc. (the house faces a public 
playground); rummage sale; mothers' club: and many dubs for young people and chil- 


dren with athletic, dramatic and social interests. Summer Work, — Undertook in 1904 the 
experiment of a boys' camp for the summers' outing committee, which had much to do with 
the permanent establishment of Camp Good Will. A vacant lot, loaned by the owners for 
a playground, has been bought by the city and is now called Rosedale playground. This 
was supervised several years by residents, who also started the first school vegetable 
gardens in the Northeast The present plant overlooks the Rosedale playground, and the 
gymnasium supplements the ground, still supervised by a resident. 

Former Locations. 809 First St., N. W., 1 901 -Fall, 1905; 1243 H St., N. E., 
Fall, 1905-Spring. 1908; 1637 Rosedale St., Spring, 1908. 

Residents. Women i, men i, children 2. Volunteers. Women 23, men 3. 
Head Residents. Amelia A. Ryan and Caroline Witman, 1901 ; Mr. and Mrs. Edward S. 
Gilfillan, 1905-1908; Mr. and Mrs. T. Hubert Jones, 1908-1909; Mr. and Mrs. Edward S. 
GilfiUan, 1909-. 



Jewish Educational Alliance 

Founded, 1909. "for the purpose of providing educational, social an3 
ethical opportunities." 

Activities. "At present our efforts are centered in a free kindergarten 
in charge of a paid kindergartner; also night classes for immigrants which are 
being supervised by voluntary lady teachers. We own our own lot, and are 
endeavoring now to secure stifficient money to put up a settlement building ad- 
apted to our needs, with ample playground in the rear. It is our intention, if we 
can complete our plans, to carry on the kindergarten playground feature, after- 
noon classes in domestic economy for the girls, night classes for the immigrants 
in the rudimentary subjects, together with a social center, which will attract our 
people and keep them away from demoralizing surroundings." April 22, [910. 

Pbesident: V. H. Kriegshaber. 

Wesley House 
(Formerly Methodist Seltlemenl House) 
70 and 74 South Boulevard (1903-) 
Established January. 1903, by the Methodist Board of City Missions, 
"to elevate the people employed in the large cotton mill in the neighborhood, 
mentally, morally and physically," Maintained by monthly contributions from 
the auxiliaries of the Women's Home Mission Society of fifteen Methodist 
churches, a subscription from the Fulton Bag and Cotton Mills, and contribu- 
tions from Epworlh Leagues, Sunday School classes, and individuals. One- 
sixth of the expenditures comes from the neighborhood. 

Neighborhood, A mill district which has grown up nbout the Fulton Bag anil 
Cotton Milli. The population is American, 

Maintains day nursery; kindergarten; clinic; district nursing service; penny 
provident bank: library and reading room; shower baths; night school: rummage sale; 
rooms for community organizations; gymnastic work for boys and girls; domestic science 
classes; sewing school; religious services and Sunday school. Summer IVork. — Gardens. 
Residents. Women 8. Volunteers. Women 11, men 10. Head Residents. 
Rosa Lowe, igoj-June, 1906; Doily L, Crim, 1906-. 

Literature. Authorised Statements, Eighteenth Annual Report of Women's 
Home Mission Society (Methodist Settlement House, Atlanta), pp. 41 and 41. Published 
by Methodist Episcopal Publishing House, Nashville, Tcnn., 1904 — Articles in Our 
Hornet. Mary Helen, Editor. M. E. Pub. House, Nashville, Tenn. 




Settlement Home (Methodist) 

First and Smith Streets, Greggtown (1908-) 

Established, January, 1908, by the Woman's Board of City Missions 
"for the uplift of the people of that section of the city." Maintained by the 
City Mission and the authorities of the King Mill. 

Neighborhood. There are two hundred families in the settlement, all Americans. 
About one-third of the neighbors have lived in Augusta and worked in the mills since they 
were small children. The remainder are one-time agricultural laborers, who have been dis- 
placed by the application of machinery to farm work. More than half of the adults are 
unable to read, and the parents are careless about their children's education. 

Maintains clinics; day nursery; visiting nursing service; kindergarten; gym- 
nasium; clubs for women and for young men; classes in sewing, housekeeping, domestic 
science, millinery; night school; children's hour; prayer service; Sunday school; Bible 

Residents. Women 3. Volunteers. Women 9, men 4. Head Resident. 
Annie Tramick, Jan., 1908-Oct., 1909; Jennie Ducker, Deaconess, Oct., 1909-. 


Mission of the Good Shepherd (Episcopal) 

Unity Mills 

Established, autumn of 1908, by the Bishop of Atlanta, acting through 
the Rev. Henry D. Phillips, in co-operation with the mill owners of the Unity 
Mills, for the purpose of improving the physical, intellectual and spiritual con- 
dition of the operatives of these mills. Maintained about equally by funds sup- 
plied the Bishop of Atlanta from gifts, and missionary endowment in the Dio- 
cese of Atlanta, and by the operators of the cotton mills in La Grange. 

Neighborhood. A population of three or four thousand of pure American stock 
drawn from sparsely settled poor, rural districts, whose social, educational, and to a great 
extent, moral needs have been neglected. The moral characteristics are remarkably good 
for the training received; but illiteracy is widely prevalent, sanitation, hygiene and diet- 
etics are without any consideration, and the homes are comfortless and mean. 

Maintains religious services and Sunday school; library and reading room; kin- 
dergarten and night school; clubs for young men (athletic); for young women (sewing, 
physical culture, games); boys' athletics and games; girls' handicraft and games. Dis- 
trict visiting and nursing. Infirmary and clinic with training school for workers in prepar- 

Head Residents. Henry D. Phillips and Mary J. Brewster, M.D., 1908-. 


Dav Nursery and Settlement Association 

1214 West Mulberry Street C1907-) 

Established. January, 1907, by a band of women who became interesled 

n (he neighborhood as friendly visitors of ihe Associated Charities for the "up- 

ifling mentally, morally and physically of such as live in the neighborhood." 

re Germans, Poles and Irish; largely mine workers. 
sery: kindergarten; library and reading room; night school; 

dasies in domestic science; mothers' club. 

Residents. Women a. Head Residents. 
Taylor, 1908^1910; Genevieve Ross, 1910-. 



1907-1908; Helene 


The Social Stltlement. Tbt New Order (Chicago), i : 3 (Apr. 16, 1894) — Ely, 
Robert E.: Social Setllemenls in Chicago. Prospeci Union Rtv., i. No. 3 (Apr. 18, 1894) 
— Stone, Melville E.: The Higher Life of Chicago. OuUoak, Feb. a 3, 1896 — Embree, 
F. B.: Social Setllemenls in Chicago. Guniim'! At., xix : 4;! (1906) — Waterman, Hale: 
Glimpses of Chicago's Social Settlements. Pilgrim, July, 1901 — Head, Katharine: 
Chicago Settlements. For the Settlement Committee of the Chicago Woman's Club. 
Reprinted from Commoni for Jan., 190a. With list of federated settlements and bibliog- 
raphy — Chicago's Park Commission on River Ward Conditions. Extracts from report 
of secretary of commission, Mr. Arthur O'Neill (Northwestern University Selllemcnt, 
Henry Booth House, Hull House). Commoni. vii. No. •j\ (June, 190J) — Cliicago 
Setllemenls Against the Dance Halls. Commimi, viii. No. 8i (Apr., 1903) — Riley, 
Thos. J.: The Higher Life of Chicago (Chapter vi. on Social Setllemenls, Table II, 
Appendix), University of Chicago Press, [90J — Social Settlements in Chicago. Congtt- 
gatMnaliil, Dec. 34. 1906 — Addams, Jane: Social Setllemenls in Illinois. In Transac- 
tions of Ihe Illinois Hiiiorical Society. Publication xiof the State Historical Library, 1906, 

The Association of Neighborhood Workers 

(.^ League for Progressive Legislation and Civic Progress) 
Organ[Ze[i May if, 1908. Aims "to secure data in support of needed 
legislation and the enforcement of existing law; and with these ends in view to 
secure more effective coKiperation among those who are working for neighbor- 
hoed and civic improvement, and to promote movements for social progress." 
The association has standing committees on legislation, tenement houses, educa- 
tion, membership, local industrial conditions, public health, and publicity. The 


council of the association is composed of the officers and the chairmen of the 
standing committees. The constitution calls for meetings "on the first Saturday 
of each month from October to June inclusive." 

President. George E. Hooker, Hull-House. 

The association continues the work of the Federation of Social Settkments in Chi- 
cago, which was organized October 7, 1894, at Hull House, by represenlatives from Hull 
House, Northwestern University Selllement, Maxwell Street Settlement, University of 
Chicago Settlement, Epworlh House, and Chicago Commons. The federation met on an 
average of three times a year. The meetings were held first at the various settlements 
and later at Hull House, and were frequently preceded by a supper. 

Activities. The meetings of the federation took the form of conferences 
on various aspects of settlement and social work, Among topics discussed were: 
The Relation of Settlements to Municipal Politics; Vacation Work; Co-opera- 
tion Between Settlements and the Neighborhood Centers and Small Parks; Re- 
lation of the Settlement to School Extension; Attitudeof the Settlement Toward 
Radicalism, etc. Committees were frequently appointed to investigate and re- 
port concerning matters of interest to the federation, among such being Com- 
mittee to Suggest Concerted Effort for Better Municipal Conditions, Committee 
on Free Lectures in the Public Schools, etc. The first piece of work undertaken 
by thefederation was the appointment of a committee "to prepare a blank form 
for the uniform tabulation of social statistics gathered by settlements." During 
the early years much attention was given toproblemsof relief and several special 
committees were appointed and a conference called to devise ways of meeting 
the need or to stimulate other agencies to greater activity. A committee studied 
the lodging house situation and had a part in securing the establishment of a 
municipal lodging house. For several years a large committee arranged special 
musical programs for the houses of the federation. In 1902-3 the federation 
undertook the study of conditions among children engaged in street trades. 
In 1906 it registered its opposition to the immigration restriction measures then 
before Congress. 

■ While the federation undertook little in the way of concerted action, its 
deliberations sometimes laid the foundations of policy and offered easy opportu- 
nity for that intersettlement co-operation which made possible some of the best 
civic work of the Chicago houses. (See civic work of individual settlements.) 

Literature. Meetings of the Federation reported in Tbi Commons, Apr., 1896; 
Feb., 1897, p. 7; June, [897; Nov., 1897, pp. ;-6; Feb., 1898; May, 1898, p. 7; Oct, 
1S98; May, 1899. i^g 

Archer Road Settlement H 

(Formerly Francis E. Clark Settlement, 1903-igio} 

350 West Twenty-second Street (1909-) 

Established February 23, 190J, by Charles W. Espey and Will La Favor, 

"to furnish Christian example and educational and industrial opportunities." 

"Residents of the settlement live among the people of this neighborhood in a 


neighborly and friendly manner, and try to render any and every service needed, 
keeping in mind Ihe ideal that all shall 'work together for the common good.' 
Therefore, the range of settlement work is as wide as life itself. It may take the 
form of providing an outing for the factory girl, or the rescue of a dying baby; 
teaching a boy of the street how to make a clay jar, or finding a job for his 
father; bringing of supplies to the destitute, or furnishing an evening of music 
and social pleasure." Maintained by contributions from church and Christian 
Endeavor societies and others interested. 

Neichborhood. An industrial residential quarter. "The frame cottages of earlier 
day*, built upon twenly-five foot lots, not only furnish homes for two families, but in- 
variably Ihe rear of each lot is covered with a second building which makes homes for two 
additional families. In the north half of the eleven hundred lots of this sub-division, 
known as Archer's Addition, an average of three families may be found on each lot; the 
usual number of adults is from eight to ten. while the average of children is from ten to 
twelve; in the entire district there are approximately three thousand families; seven 
Thousand adults, and six thousand children. Germans. Italians, Greeks, Croatians. 
Bohemians and Irish are all found," 

Activities. Various efforts to better sanitary and civic conditions. 
The head resident has interested himself in the political life of the district and 
carried on two unsuccessful but educational ward campaigns. Publishes By 
Archer Road, a monthly magazine. 

Maintains kindergarten; sewing school and music classes for ^rls; games and 
pottery work for boys; anopen house forworkingmen of the neighborhood; and a woman's 
dub. Classes in rhythm and dancing, singing; story hours, socials, entertainments, eic, 
Summft IVotk. —Diiitici work with the Milk and Baby Hygiene Committee; picnics, 
excursions, etc. 

Former Locations. 3014 Archer Ave,, jgoj-i^o?; J58 East Twenty-second St., 
June, 1907-1909. 

Residents. Women 5, men 3, Volunteers. Women }, men 4. Head Resi- 
dent. Charies W. Espey, 1903-1910, Will G, Lj Favor. 1910-. 

Lltersture. Authohized Statements. Year Book, 1909 — Articles in By 
Arthtr Road. (History of work in March, 1909, Espey, Evelyn Boylan: A Venture in 
Philanlhropy.) Set also: By Arcbtr Road, (Edited by Charles W, and Evelyn B. Espey.) 
i. No. 1 (May. 1906); il. No. 1; iii. No. i; iv. No. 1; v. No, 1 (Oct., 1910). 

Charles Sumner Settlement 
1951 Fulton Street 

Established October, 1908, by the Very Rev. Dean W. T. Sumner of the 
Cathedral (Episcopal) and the Hon. Frank K. Sadler, judge of the Chicago 
municipal courts, "to provide a place of recreation and congregation for Ihe 
Negroes on the West Side." 

Neighborhood. A colored tenement section. 

Maintains dispensary (two colored physicians); day nursery; playground; boys' 
military company; boys' game room; classes in millinery, dressmaking, sewing, music; 
prls' club; some relief and much informal friendliness; summei outings for the clubs 


He*o WoHKEBS. Miss Pickeii, Oct., rgoS-May, 1909; (Mrs.) Mabel C 
May, 1909-. Volunteers, Women 11, men 6. 

Literature. Annual reporl and general yearly statement of activities. 

Chicago Commons 
955 Grand Avenue, corner Morgan Street ([900-). Summer Camp, ' 
Commons. Elgin, 111. 

Established May 1, 1894, by Graham Taylor, with three students, 
Herman F. Hegner, Otis H. Holmes and E. L. Reed, in the rented rooms of a 
private family at 134 West Erie Street. October 1, 1894, Mr. Taylor personally 
leased the stranded old family residence at 140 N. Union Street, and eight men 
and four women established residence. In June, 1895, Professor Taylor and his 
family entered upon residence. The settlement was early defined as "the home 
of a group of persons blessed with more or less of the privileges which the world 
calls culture, who choose to live where they seem to be most needed." Chicago 
Commons Association was organized and incorporated in 1895, "to provide a 
center for a higher civic and social life, to initiate and maintain religious, edu- 
cational, and philanthropic enterprises, and to investigate and improve condi- 
tions in the industrial districts of Chicago." 

Maintained by individual contributions, by the consperation of the neigh- 
bors using the house (averages $[,400 a year), and by the income from a small 
endowment fund. 

Neiohbokhood. "The racial transformation from the northern to the southern 
Europeans, which has been steadily progressing for several years, so suddenly increased 
in pace and volume within thepaslfouryearsas to bring an acute crisis to the work. Fam- 
ilies which had always been stand-bys in the neighborhood and at (he house, moved away 
by the score. Members who had been the main dependence In our clubs and in neighbor- 
hood organizations centering at the house or elsewhere, scattered so widely that they could 
no longer attend, although many struggled long and hard to do so. Whole clubs were 
obliged to transfer their meeting place to centers nearer their new homes far to the west. 
Their space was taken by societies of immigrants, all of whose members in some instances 
had emigrated from some one town in their fatherland across (he seas. Thus a neighbor- 
hood fellowship of Italians transplanted itself from Brindisi in Italy to the 17th Ward of 
Chicago and under the roof of Chicago Commons. But these transplanted village or town 
neighborships cannot long survive the irresistible tendency of casual employment to 
scatter such groups. In the place of every German, Scandinavian and Irish family re- 
moving, immigrant families s til! stranger to our American life and conditions arrive. Like 
the surf upon the sand, each new wave of immigration fromsoulbetn Italy, Sicily, Poland. 
Armenia and Greece, breaks over us here, where twenty-four or more nationalities meet 
and try to live and work together." — Chicago Commons, 1894-1910. 

Activities. 1. Efforts to Better District Conditions, (1) Hous- 
ing. — Efforts to promote better housing conditions by personal influence with 
neighbors and landlords in their homes and in club or public meetings; by pub- 
lishing articles in the settlement literature and the city press; and chiefly by co- 
operation with the city health department, the City Homes Association, and with 
the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy, which is now (1910) conducting 



an investigation of housing conditions at the request of the commissioncT of 
health, and under the auspices of the Russell Sage Foundation. 

(a) Struts and Refust. — Co-operation with the street cleaning department 
and the ward superintendent was begun by having a resident serve as inspector 
under commission from the city. Efforts to secure better paving, lighting and 
sanitary service in co-operation with the aldermen of the ward and through 
committees of the Woman's Club and the Chicago Commons Council. 

(3) Health. — One of the principal centers used by the Visiting Nurse Asso- 
ciation, the Tuberculosis Institute, the milk commission, the commissioner of 
health, and various medical charities. In the summer of 1910, the entire third 
floor of the Chicago Commons building was placed at the disposal of the Infant 
Welfare committee, in which the commissioner of health joined with the United 
Chanties to reduce the excessive infant death rale by maintaining a Fresh Air 
station for sick babies, with nurses and physicians in attendance. 

{4) Baths.— The few shower baths and tubs which for years were the only 
bathing facilities open to the public, are now superseded by bath rooms in public 
schools, a municipal bath house, and the showers and swimming pool at West 
Park, Number One. 

{5) Play Spaces. — Opened the first and for many years the only playground 
in its ward, on two building lots rented for the purpose, which helped lead the 
way to Chicago's unparalleled playground development. A playground of nine 
acres with one of the best field houses in the city is now located in the ward, but 
nearly a mile from the settlement. Half the block on which the Commons' little 
playground was located is now occupied by a public playground maintained by 
the special park commission of the city of Chicago, on which the warden served 
for three years. The secretary of the Playground Association of Chicago is a 

(6) Public Schools. — Worked to secure beller school buildings and facilities 
for the neighborhood. The fine new Washington School building opposite the 
settlement is one of the best in the city, providing not only modern equipment 
for school purposes, and for the large adult night school, but also fine facilities 
for neighborhood center work, which has recently been authorized by the board 
of education. The settlement conducts a study hour for school children and pays 
especial attention to such as are backward. The Pcstalozzi-Froebel Kinder- 
garten and Training School at Chicago Commons demonstrated the need of 
kindergartens in the public schools of the district, where it was the only one for 
years. It still thrives after every school building has a kindergarten holding two 
sessions daily. 

{7) Public Library. ^For several years the only center for library extension 
in its part of the city. Since 1906, Professor Taylor has been on the board of 
directors of the Chicago Public Library, and as chairman of the Committee on 
Branches has promoted library extension throughout the city in opening reading 
rooms and circulating branches in field houses at the public playgrounds and 
recreation centers, and in public school buildings. A delivery station is located 
at the house. 


(8) Labor. — Chicago Commons has always stood openly for indiisffl 
justice both to employers and employes; has sought by conferences and individ- 
ual effort to improve the relations between them; and has endeavored to belter 
industrial conditions through organization, agitation, education, publication 
and legislation. Liberty of thought and freedom of speech have steadily been 
maintained, not only on the Commons "free floor" (1896-1903) but also in 
articles contributed from the settlement to The Commom, Cbarilies and the Com- 
mons. The Survey, and to labor papers, employers' periodicals, the religious press 
and the Chicago daily papers. The warden has many times acted on boards of 
arbitration for the settlement of industrial differences, but always as third ar- 
bitrator and only at the invitation of both parties to the dispute. He took part 
in the settlement of ihe building trades lockout of 1900 and the teamsters' strike 
of 1905. By appointment of the governor he served on two commissions author- 
ized by the legislature, one to draft the present law for protection from dangerous 
machinery, enacted in 1907, and the other, the Mining Investigating Commis- 
sion, to protect life and conserve the coal deposits in the mining industry of 
Illinois. This commission's bill for protection from fire in mines was enacted 
after the great disaster at the St. Paul Coal JVline in Cherry, Illinois, where Mr. 
Taylor served with the commission in investigating and relieving the conditions 
at the time of the catastrophe. 

(9) Politics. — After two years of acquaintanceship with political conditions 
and those responsible for them, a non-partisan political club was organized at 
Chicago Commons, called at first the 17th Ward Civic Federation, and latterly 
the lylh Ward Community Club. In co-operation with, but independent of, the 
Municipal Voters League, on the executive committee of which Mr. Taylor has 
served for fifteen years, this independent ward club has helped swing the balance 
of power between parties, and chiefly within party lines; and has been able to 
elect a reputable and capable alderman in eleven of the past twelve aldermanic 
elections. In 1903 an independent was elected to the legislature in a notoriously 
corrupt senatorial district. The house is still a center for the desperate effort to 
rescue legislative politics from the shame to which it has subjected the state for 
many years. The county judge connected with the election commissioners' 
office publicly gave credit to the Chicago Commons ward as one in which the 
election laws were known and obeyed better than almost anywhere else in the 
city. This may be due in part to the sentence of two clerks of election to a term 
in state prison for altering a precinct vote. The wrong was righted by seating 
the independent who thus had been counted out. Since that time fraud and 
violence have been banished from the polling places, and the "solid" voting by 
nationalities has been split up between the parties by the assurance of safety at 
the polls. The corruption and inefficiency of the poh'ce department was vigor- 
ously and publicly attacked from Chicago Commons for several years, until the 
discipline and law enforcement under the present superin tendency radically 
changed for the belter. The warden is now serving on the vice commission 
authorized by the city council and appointed by the mayor, to advise the ad- 
ministration as to a public policy relative to the social evil. 


(lo) Public Service- — Herman F. Hegner: ward inspector of streets and 
alleys (1895-1897). Robert E, Todd: ward inspector of streets and alleys 
{1897-1899). Ida E. Hegner, Marian Cookingham, and Helen D. Taylor: 
public school teachers (1894-1903). John Palmer Gavit: organizer of public 
playground work in school yards; chairman of volunteer committee in co-opera- 
tion with board of education (1898). Raymond Robins: first superintendent of 
municipal lodging house (1901-1904). Henry F. Burt: probation officer, 
juvenile court (190J-1906), Charles Burt: probation officer, juvenile court 
(1904-1905). James Mullenbach: superintendent of municipal lodging house 
(1903-1909). Allen F. Burns: city council's commission on building code, tene- 
ment house division (1908-1909); advisory board of Municipal Voters League, 
member of committee on industrial exhibit. Graham Romeyn Taylor; special 
agent. United States Census Bureau, acting as chief of inspectors under the 
supervisor for Chicago and vicinity (1910). J. DuBois Hunder; precinct judge 
of the election (1908); census inspector (1910). Graham Taylor: special park 
commission (1903-1906); director Chicago Public Library (1906 ff.); Chicago 
Plan Commission ( 1909 ff.); Illinois Industrial Commission to protect the health, 
safely and comfort of employes (1908-1909); advisory committee 10 the Cook 
County board of commissioners (1909 ff.); Illinois Mining Investigating Com- 
mission (1909 ff.); Chicago Vice Commission (1910 ff,); precinct judge of elec- 
tion (191 1}. 

II. General Propaganda. — Chicago Commons has most effectively 
promoted public education. For several years (1896-1903) it maintained a 
"free floor" discussion, at a time when there was little opportunity or toleration 
for free speech in Chicago, which was discontinued only after it had completed 
its mission, and when it had opened the way to organize for constructive work in 
politics and civic betterment. Training for citizenship, both indirectly and by 
direct educational effort, is recognized to be the most imperative obligation and 
opportunity of Chicago Commons. The ministry of interpretation thus begun, 
was more widely continued by The Commons, a monthly magazine, founded and 
edited by John Palmer Gavit, 1897-1899, and continued by Graham Taylor, 
Graham Romeyn Taylor and Edwin Balmer, 1899-1905. Since The Commons 
was combined with Charities, under the titles Charities and The Commons, 1905- 
1909, and The Survey, 1909 ff.. Professor Taylor has served as Associate Editor 
and Graham Romeyn Taylor as a member of the staff with headquarters in 
Chicago. Professor Taylor has also contributed a weekly editorial under his 
own name in the Saturday evening Chicago Daily News since 1902, devoted to 
interpreting industrial, civic, social, economic and political conditions and move- 
ments from the settlement point of view. For four years (1896-1900) economic 
conferences were conducted at Chicago Commons and also in co-operation with 

Chicago Commons has maintained cJose relations with universities and 
professional schools. Chicago Theological Seminary, in the faculty of.which the 
warden has served as professor of social economics since 1893, has utilized the 
settlement in the training of its students for the ministry. The University of 


Michigan for eight years (1897-1905) was represented in thesummer workof the 
senlement by a Fellow appointed by the department of sociology. Auburn 
Theological Seminary has for six years (1905 ff.) mainlained a summer fellow- 
ship. Classes from the University of Wisconsin, the Lutheran Evangelical 
Theological Seminary, the University of Chicago, Beloit College, and lay train- 
ing schools located in Chicago, frequently visit the house to inspect the work 
and to receive its interpretation of life. 

A principal outgrowth of the Commons is the Chicago School of Civics and 
Philanthropy, founded (1903) by Professor Taylor who has continued to be its 
president. For four years the school was conducted by the settlement with the 
co-operation of President Harper and some of the professors of the extension 
division of the University of Chicago. In 1908 it was incorporated as an inde- 
pendent school, In the founding and development of the school Chicago 
Commons and Hull -House have taken the initiative, Julia C. Lathrop acting 
as vice president, Jane Addams as associate director of research work, Sophonisba 
P. Breckinridge and Edith Abbott as directors, Grace Abbott and Victor von 
Borosini serving on the staff of lecturers. Other Chicago settlements furnish 
special lecturers. During seven years the school has enrolled for one or more 
terms of training in civic, social and philanthropic work, 929 students. The 
Commons furnishes temporary residence to many students of the school. 

Maintains day nursery: kindergarlen: milk station; penny savings bank: clubs 
for children beginning with kindergarten age, for boys, for girls, for young people, men and 
women, with social, civic, political, domestic, musical, athletic, dramatic, and co-operative 
interests: department of household arts, with classes for children and adults in cooking, 
housekeeping, laundry, sewing, embroidery, dressmaking, millinery, home nursing, home 
sanitation, and household furnishings; manual training and arts and crafts; classes in 
woodwork, reed, bent iron, hammered copper and brass, etching, clay, leather, printing, 
bookbinding, drawing, sketching, photography, painting, rugweaving, stencilling: gym- 
nasium work for boys, girls, young men and women in physical culture, apparatus work, 
folk-dancing, gymnastic dancing, games and athletic events; music lesions in voice, piano, 
violin, mandolin, musical history club; girls' glee club; choruses for boys and for girls; 
study hour for school children; lessons in English and citizenship for foreigners; pleasant 
Sunday afternoon gathering; concerts; stereoplicon lectures, entertainments, plays; 
council of delegates from clubs. Besides these activities, Chicago Commons is the meeting 
place of the Pestalozzi-Froebel Kindergarten Training School; the I'abemacle Congrega- 
tional Church; a Creek Protestant Church; Greek orthodox church service; the Arme- 
nian Religious Society; Armenian political and educational societies: the Catholic Order 
of Foresters: La Giovane Puglia; Arts and Professions Society (Italian); the Carbonieri 
(Italian): and occasional meetingsof many other societies. Summer Work, — Day picnics 
and excursions; sending children and mothers for two weeks' country outings: baby- 
saving work and home visiting and instruction; camp for boys, girls and young people. 

Former Locations. 124 West Erie St., May [-October 1, 1894; 140 North Union 
St., 1894-1900, 

Residents, Men 8, women 15. Volunteers, Women 8s, men 8. Wabden. 
Graham Taylor, May, 1894-. 

Literature. 1. Authorized Articles. ThtCommont. Frequentarticlesandiiaie- 
ment concerning the work of the settlement were published in the columns of the paper. 

^^^H^^^^H ILLINOIS 49 

Report. March, tSgg — Chicago Commons. A Social Ccnlsr for Civic Co-operation, 
Dec,, 1904 — Occasional publications known as Chicago Commons fJfuis LctUt. No. 1, 
Autumn, 190$; No. i. Winter, 1905-6: No. 3, Summer, 1906: No. 4, Autumn, 1906; 
No. 5, Spring, 1907; No. 6, Autumn, 1908 — Chicago Commons Council, pubEishcd bi- 
weekly (afterwards monllity). See 1, No. 1 (Nov. 8, J909). Seialsa: Chicago Theological 
Seminary Year Book, 1895 ff. — Chicago Commons, Char. Rev., iv : ioa-3 (Dec, 1894) 
— West, Max; Chicago Commons and Its Summer School. ^Itruulk Rn., Oct.. 1895 -^ 
Davis, George T. B.: A Christian Social Seltlemenl. An interview with Professor 
Graham Taylor. Ram't Horn, Chicago, July 10. 1897 — Alden, Percy; Graham Taylor. 
An Appreciation, Cammoni (Chicago), Aug., 1897 — Griswold, Haltie Tyng: Do You 
Know About ThisP VnkeTsaliil Liader, Aug. i}. 1900 — Chicago Commons. Cbaiilics, 
viii : 474 (190J} — Story of Chicago Commons. CongregalioHaliit and Cbriilian IVorld, 
July i, 190a — Parsons. Eugene; Chicago Commons. H-'orld To-day,}an., 1904 — Gra- 
ham Taylor. CbauUiugtiait. xxxviii ; 89 (Feb., [904) — Report of Industrial Commis- 
aioQ. illinois Bureau of Labor Stalislics. Report of 46th General Assembly. 1909. 

11. Articles on the Settlement by Residents. Burl, Henry F. (Director of 
Boys' Work); Simplicity in Settlement Camps. Commons, viii. No, 87 (Oct., 190J). 
The Settlement Boys' Club and the Home. How lo Help Boys. li. No. 1 (Jan.. 1903). The 
Children's Church. Amiriian IVeekly, Oct. 33, 1903 — Cavit, John P.: The Story of a 
Settlement. Triatury (New York), July. 1897. Chicago Commons, A Christian Settle- 
ment. Our Day (Chicago). Feb.. 1897. Missions and Settlements. Commom, Feb., 1898, 
The Church and the Setllcmcnt. Commons. May, 1898. Story of Chicago Commons. 
CoiHPumt, Nov., :898 — Hegner, Herman F.; Education at Chicago Commons. Out- 
look (New York), Aug. )i, 1895. Scientific Value of Social Settlements. Amer. Joutn. 0/ 
Soeiol.. iii : I7i-5j (Sept., r9oa) — Taylor. Graham; The Chicago Seminary Settlement. 
Adtanct (Chicago), Oct. 11. 1894. A Social Center for Civic Co-operation. Cotsmons, 
Dec, 1904. pp. 56;-;g4. Academic Clinics Furnished by Settlements. CommoHs, x ; loi 
(Apr., 1905). 

HI. Articles and Social Studies by Residents. Bums, Allen: Relation of 
Playgrounds to Juvenile Delinquency. Cbar. and Commons, xxi : 35-31 {Oct, 3, 190S) — 
Clarke, Edith [.: The Juvenile Court of Chicago. Commons, Oct., 1900. Juvenile De- 
linquents and Dependents. Contmotis, Feb., 1901 — Gavit, John P.: Rural Socia 
Settlements. Commons May 1899. The Appeal of the Cross-Roads, Commons, Jan., 
1900 — Jerome, Amalie Hofer; Foreign Festivals in Chicago, Playground Ass'n. of 
America, Annual Report, 1908. Folk Dancing in Playgrounds. Playground Ass'n. of 
America, Annual Report, 1909. Playgrounds as Social Centers. Am. Amcr. Acad, oj 
Pd. and Soe. Set., igio — Meleody. Royal A.; Ethical Aspects of the Saloon. In Ethical 
Aspects of the Liquor Problem. Boston. Houghton Miffiin and Co. The Saloon in Chi- 
cago. Amer. Journ. 0/ Social , Nov., 1900, and Feb., 1901 Social Function of the Saloon 
in'Chicago. Commons, Nov.. 1900 — Palmer Gertrude E ; Earnings, Spendings and 
Savings of School Children. CommoH j. viii No. 8} {June 1903' — Taylor Graham; The 
Sodal Settlement and the Labor Movement. I n Proceedings of the Twcnty-Ihird National 
Conference of Charities and Correction, 1896. College, Social and University Settlements 
in Political Economy, Political Science and Sociology, Prepared for the University Associa- 
tion, Chicago. Labor and Trade. Commons, January-April, 1899 An Aspect of the 
Housing Problem. Commons. Mar,, 1900. The Relation of Setllemenls to Politics. Re- 
printed from Tbt NtigbhoT. Commons, vji. No. 74 (Sept., 1903). Socia Functions of the 
Church, Amer. Jour, of Soeiol., V : SOJ-ai (Nov., 190a). The Civic Function of the City 
Church. Cbautauquan, xxxvi ; 374-378 (1903). English Settlements Federated. Com- 


mont, viii. No. 86 (Sept., itwj). View points of Labor Abroad. ComtnoHS, viii, No. B? 
(Oct., 190}). Social Conference of the Friends in England. CommoHS. viii. No. 88 (Nov., 
190}). After Trades Unions, What? Common!, ii : 105-8 (April, 1904). Movement for 
Social Training. Commons, \\ : iS-ig (Jan., 1894), 9; (Mar., 1894), 430 (Sept., 1904). 
Social Tendencies of the Industrial Revolution. Commotis, 0ct.'i9O4, pp. 459-468, and 
Congress of Arts and Science, Universal Exposition, St. Louis, 1904, Vol. vii, p. 681. 
Boston. Houghton. Mifflin and Co. Congregationalism and Social Reform. The New 
Encyclopedia of Social Reform, p. 373. Induslry and Religion, Their Common Ground 
and Interdependence. Merrick Lecturei. The Social Application of Religion, Jennings 
and Graham, 1907. Organized Charily and Organized Labor. Commons, x : 549-5^2 
(Oct., 190;). Settlement Neighborhood Stories. Commons, x : 579-580 (Oct., 1905). 
Whither the Settlement Movement Tends. Cbar, and Commons, xv ; B40-844 (Mar. 3, 
1906). Religious Education and Social Duty. Cbar. and Commons, xxi : 996-998 (Feb. 
ao, 1909). Preparing for Peace. Surrey, xiii 1275-376 (May 13, 1909). Industrial 
Basis for International Peace. Survey, xxii : 353-354 (June 5, r909). The Social Advance 
of the Churches. Suniiy, juiii : 851-855 (Sept. 15, 1909). A Mine Test of Civilization. 
Survty, xxlii : 397-304 (Dee. 4, 1909). Ella Flagg Young. Surety, xxlv : 619^11 Ouly 
33, 1910). Science of Relief In Mine Disasters. Survey, xxiv : 833-837 (Sept. 10, 1910]. 
Recent Advances Against the Social EvIL in New York. Suney, xxiv : 858-861 (Sept. 17, 
1910). Industrial Survey of the Month in magazine numbers of Cbaritits and Tbi Com- 
mons, and Tbi Survey since T905. Common Welfare Notes on subjects of current social 
interest in Ciar. and Tbi Commons, and Tbt Survey since 1905. Weekly articles on 
subjects of current social interest printed on the editorial page of the Chicago Daily 
Newt each Saturday, since November, 1903. The Neighborhood and the Municipal- 
ity. Proceedings Nat'l Conf, of Char, and Corr., p. 156 (1909) — Taylor, Graham 
Romeyn: Private Profit by Legislation, Commons, ix : [36-139 (Apr., 1904}. Concilia- 
tion Winning lis Way. Commons, ix : 479-486 (Oct., 1904), The Illinois Conference of 
Charities and Correction. Cbar. and Commons, xv : ao6-io8 (Nov. [ 1, 1905). Chicago 
Settlements in Ward Politics. Cbar. and Commons, xvi : 183-185 (May 5. 1906). Going 
Ihe Juvenile Court One Better, Cbar. and Commons, xvl : 374-376 (June 16, 1906). The 
Chicago Conference on Truancy. Cbar. and Commons, xvii : 536-542 (Dec. 33, 1906). 
The Man Who Throws the Switch. Cbar. and Commons, xvli : 807-810 (Feb. 2, 1907). 
The Chicago Industrial Exhibit. Cbar, and Commons, xviii : 39-45 (Apr., 1907), How 
They Played at Chicago. Cbar. and Commons, xviil : 471-480 (Aug. 3, 1907). The Con- 
gress of the American Prison Association. Cbar. and Commons, xviil ; 754-763 (Sept. 28, 
1907). The New Chicago. Cbar. and Commons, xix : 1551-1556 (Feb. 1, 1908). In- 
dustrial Education and National Prosperity. Cbar. and Commons, xix : 1579-1584 (Feb. 8, 
190S). The Chicago Play Festival. Cbar. and Commons, xx ; 539-545 (Aug. 1, 190S). 
Creating the Newest Steel City. Survey, xxil ; 30-36 (Apr. 3, 1909). Ten Thousand at 
Play. Survey, xxii : 365-373 (June 5, 1909), The Cincinnati Civic Convention. Survey, 
xxiii : 331-328 (Dec. 4, 1909). The National Conference at St. Louis. Survey, xxlv : 435- 
441 0"ne 11, 1910). City Neighbors at Play. Survey, xxiv ; 548-559 U^lv '■ i9>o)- 
Social Settlements and Their Work with Children. Cbaulauquan, }une, 1906. Recreation 
Centers, The New Encyclopedia of Social Reform, p. 1051. The Chicago Play Centen 
Nat'l Conf, of Char, and Corr., Buffalo. 190^. Recreation Developments In Chicago 
Parks. /Inn. -^mer. ^cad. of Pat.and Soc. Sci., MiTcb, 1910. 




Eli Bates House 

(Formerly Unity Selllemenl and Eim Slreel Selllemenl) 
631 Elm Street 

Established November, 1895, under the auspices of Unity Church, 
Chicago, as the outgrowth of an industrial school for girls begun in 1S76. In- 
corporated 1900, " to encourage a higher civic and social life on the North Side 
and to maintain the center of educational and philanthropic work already estab- 
lished by the Elm Street Settlement." Mainiainedby voluntary contributions. 

Neighborhood. A mixed factory and tenement quarter. The neighbors, one 
time Irish and Swedes, are largely Italians. 

Maintains day nursery, kindergarten, library, gymnasium and athletics for men 
and boys; classes in English for Italians; domestic science classes for women and girls; 
sewing, cooking, music (vocal and piano, chorus); elocution; game room; clubs for women 
and children; men's clubs; two boys' clubs; also an Italian family club attended by men. 
women and children. 5HDint;r IP'ork. — Milk and baby hygiene in co-operation with 
Chicago Woman's Club; vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Resiuents. Women 7, men }. Volumteeks. Women 30, men 5. Head 
Residents. (Mrs.) Helen Campbell, iS9;-June, 1896; Ellen Snyder, 1896-1899; 
(Mrs.) Nina Rutherford, 1899-1903; Leonora Morse, 190^-1908; (Mrs.) Alice Holt 
Palmer, 1908-. 

Literature. I. Authorjieo Statements. Circulars issued by settlement. Sii 
«Iw; Elm Street Settlement. Co-operation, v : 19 (May 15, 1905). — By Aichtr Road, 
iji, No. 7 (Apr, 1909). II. Articles and Social Studies by Residents. Campbell, 
... ^ _ . _ . _ _ :j89-6o5. 

Helen: The Social Settlement and the Civic Sense. Arma, > 

Emanuel Settlement 
2733 Armour Avenue (1908-) 

Established October, 1908, by Mrs. Fannie Emanuel, "to inspire higher 
ideals of manhood and womanhood, to purify the social condition, and to en- 
courage thrift and neighborhood pride, and good citizenship." 

Neighborhood, "Congested district of colored people, known as the 'black belt.' 
There are a few whiles that live in the neighborhood and attend our classes. We bar no 
one, although our work is chiefly among colored people." 

Maintains kindergarten; relief; cooking and sewing classes; boys' and girls' 
club; free dental clinic; employment bureau; domesticscienceclassfor adults. "Through 
this department we help people to help themsel ves by securing work and fitting them 
for it." 

Residekts. Women a. Volunteers. Women 3, men 1. Head Resident. 
(Mr«.) Fannie Emanuel, 1908-. 

The Esther Falkenstein Settlement 

(Formerly the Settlement House of Armilage Avenue) 
1917 North Humboldt Street (1906-) 
Established August, 1900, by Mrs. Esther Falkenstein, who opened her 
home to her neighbors and formed reading clubs, classes in basketry, sloyd. 


Shakespeare, etc., for women and children. Aims^ 
through supplying educational and social advanS 
dues, entertainments and subscriptio: 

NeiCHBORHOOD. A dLxtrict of small cottage houses.^^ 
and dance halls, and great need of social and industrial educ. 

Maintains day nursery; woman's citb; classes in co. 
clubs for young people and children. The hall is used by neigh. 
meeting place. Lectures, socials, entertainments, etc. Infonri 
Ifork. — Open house; milk and baby hygiene work; children's g. 
Operation with Fresh Air societies. 

Former Locations. 783 N. Washtenaw Ave,, August, i90<r-^ 
Ave., May. I903'-Jav 

Residents. Women l, men 1. HeaIi Resident. Esther Fa^ 

Literature. Authorized Statemeih^ Several leaflets (undal« 
bori, i. No. I (Aug., 1908). Contains history of the work. See also: ' 
7bt Ntitbbor, Apr., 1900. 

Fellowship House 
(Formerly Helen Heath House) 
.831 West Thirty-third Place 

Established October, 1895, under the direction of a e 
Souls' Church (Independent Unitarian), as a memorial to Md 

"to serve as a center of neighborly helpfulness." In June, lO 

withdrew its support to concentrate its work at the Lincoln CenUtZ 
tiement was continued by the old workers, under the new name of F 
House. Supported by subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. "The neighborhood has changed in the twenty yean (fl 
German home-owning cottage quarter to a mixed and more or less changing.^ 
Lithuanians steadily increasing. Intemperance is our worst enemy, and ci 
because of ' taking boarders.' " ' 

Activities. The kindergarten started by the settlement has beer 
over by the public school; and the various clubs have been instnimenta 
curing the planting of trees on the street, and have carried on a canipaie 
better city service in removing refuse. 

The head worker is a member of the Chicago public school eztensic 
miltee, chairmanof the playground committee of same board; board mer 
the Playground Association of Chicago; active in City-Wide Play Fe 
president Chicago Guild of Play; Chicago Woman's Oub representalivt 
civics committee of that club; lecturer in Kindergarten Training Scb(x>I 

Maintains library; sewing school; cooking classes; women's club; athlc 
social clubs for men and boys, girls and children. The nearby Mark White civl 
is used by the clubs for play, gymnastic events, dances and lectures. Several indv 
Lithuanian societies for music, education, benefit, etc., meet in the house. Summ-. 
— Milk and baby hygiene work; excursions and picnics; vacations k co-opeiati 
Fresh Air it 

FoutEK Locations. 869 Thirty -third Court, and residence at ))0t Halsted St., 

Head Residents. Dr. Lorinda Brown, [89;-Sep[., 1898: Marion K. Perkins, 
1898-1910; (Mrs.) Amalie Hofer Jerome, 1910-. 

Literature. Authohiied Statements. Yearbooks of Al! Souls' Church — 
Report, January, igog, 5« also: Fellowship House. By Archit Road, Jan., 1909 — 
Twenty-fitlh Annual of All Souls' Church, p. 19 (History of work) — Social Worker in 
West Park, No. 3. Report of Chicago School Extension Committee, 1910. 

The Forward Movement 

(Formerly Ep worth House) 
Monroe and Loomis Streets (1009-). Summer Plant, Forward Movement, 
Park, Saugatuck, Mich, 
Established March t, 1893, by Rev. George W. Gray under the auspices 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church as a department of the " Forward Move- 
ment" which purposes "to study and improve the social, industrial and spiritual 
condition of the people in the congested districts of Chicago and other cities." 
The settlement aims "to maintain an institution, unique in character and 
based on modem views of education, having as its purpose the development of 
moral character. It endeavors: first, to train through industrial activities the 
struggling boys and girls who are handicapped by unfortunate circumstances 
and tendencies to find their place in the busy world of work; second, to establish, 
if possible, such a relation between the chosen activity and the formation of 
character that the former will almost certainly secure the latter; third, to secure 
an active recognition of social contact, as a means for the betterment of society 
through the ministry of helpfulness." Became undenominational and indepen- 
dent in May, 1896. Incorporated June 5, 1896. 

Neighborhood. "Formerly an aristocratic part of the West Side surrounding 
Jefferson Park. Now made up of boarding and rooming houses where many families 
cook, eat and sleep in one or two rooms. People almost all Americans. There are still a 
lew well-io-do families living in the neighborhood. Factories are coming in, especially 
■round the park. The factories find that they can get help to be more permanent if the 
factory fronts on a park, showing that small parks of one block where a good many fac- 
3 can be located around them and fronting on them are economic considerations." 

Maintains "kindergarten; library; music, instrumental and vocal; clubs for 
len, young mothers, young ladies, girls and children; clubs for young men, youths and 
boys; enlcttainmenls; lectures, socials and neighborhood visitations. Special interest 
taken in public schools, seeking lo socialize them as far as possible. In 1897 turned over 
kindergarten with an enrollment of aoo. large cooking and sewing school, etc., to public 
Khool. A building was erected on Harrison between Halsted and Desplainej Streets 
apecially for that purpose, which has proven a great success. At present working on 
the problem of introducing moral and religious training into the public schools. The law 
ed 1909 by the Illinois legislature on moral training furnishes increased opportunity 
(or pressing the matter." Summit Work. — The Forward Movement maintains Forward 
Hovetrent Park, a permanent camp of 115 acres of improved property, furnishing vaca- 
tions at varying costs to meet individual needs. Special vacation privileges for deaf. 


crippled and blind children, cared for in groups. In addition [o the natural retotucet of 
Ihe Parli, summer schools in nature study, music, sketching, appUed design, and school o( 
expression are maintained. Daily attendance for three months, i;o. 

Former Locations. 310 South Halsted St., 1893; 49 Pearce St., 1S94: 119-111 
S. Sangamon St., Fall, 1896-1901; ii;-ii7 West Harrison St., 1897; 305 West Van Buren 
Si., 1901-1909. 

Residents. Women 3. men 7. Volunteers. Women ao, men 10. He*ii 
Resident. Mary E. Dix, 1894-. 

Literature. Authorjied Statements. Circulars and bulletins of Ihe Forward 
Movement — Forward Mmemcnt Mainline, Issued quarterly. Sec i. No. 1 (Jan. 15, 
1899): ii. No, I (Mar. 1, 190a); iii, No, 1 (Apr., 1901) — Faraiard Maiemeid Rttor4^^ 

Address George W. Gray, D.D. .^H 

Frederick Douglas Center ^^| 

3032 Wabash Avenue (1904-) 

Established April 26, 1904, by Celia Parker WooUey, "to promote a just 
and amicable relation between the while and colored people; to remove the dis- 
abilities from which the latter suffer in civic, political and industn'al life; to 
encourage equal opportunity, irrespective of race, color or other arbitrary dis- 
tinctions; to establish a center of friendly helpfulness and influence, in which 
to gather needful information and for mutual co-operation to the ends of right 
living and a higher citizenship." — Second By-Law. Maintained by subscrip- 

Neighborhood. Mainly a colored quarter, which contains the largest part 1^ 
the colored population in the city. 

Activities. A center to bring together whites and colored, so promoting 
mutual understanding and laying the basis of a growing co-operation for useful 
ends; and uniting for harmonious action the various elements among the colored 
in the city. Investigates examples of unjust public prejudice, and either pub- 
licly or through private efforts seeks to set in motion counteracting influences. 
Endeavors to stimulate the colored people to better racial organization for self- 
help, mutual service and more effective citizenship. Works for belter sanitary 
and housing conditions in co-operation with the public authorities. 

Maintains library and reading rooms; classes in sewing and cooking; athletic 
association of young men; boys' club, women's club, etc.; Sunday afternoon meelingi 
addressed by well known rnen and women of both races. Meeting place for many in- 
dependent organiza lions. SntttrntT Work. — A playground maintained in co-operallon 
wiih Ihe city: summer industrial work; picnics and excursions; meetings of colored 
students in the Unjversily. 

Residents, Women a, men I. Head Resident. (Mrs.) Celia Parker Wuolley. 

Lilertture. Authokhed Statements, Frederick Douglas Center. Pamphlet 
(undaled) — Fall Calendar, 1907 — Annual Report, May, 1908 — Several Broad- 
sides — Report, October, 1909 — Repori, October, 1910 — Sei alto: The Frederick 
Douglas Center, Chicago. Commont, ix : 338 (July, 1904) — Cbarilits, xii : 741 (July 
16b 1904) — New Settlement for Colored People. C^-optralion (Chicigo), jv : )o (July 

I »i. 1Q04> - 

>J. igcM) — WillEams. Fannie Barrier: The Frederick Douglai Center. SimlbtTH Work- 
man. June, 1906 — Frederick Dougras Center. By The Way, ii, No. 1 (Jan., 1909) — 
A Uaique Settlement Service, Chicago. Cbar. and Commoni, xx : 601 (Aug. 1;, 190S). 

I Gads Hill Center 

1959 West Twentieth Street (1909-) 

Affiliated Activities, [nstitutional Work of Lincoln Street Methodist Church. 

Summer Camp. Gads Hill Encampment. Lake BlufT, III. 

Established March, 1898, by Mrs. Leila A, Martin and by a board of 
directors of the business men or their representatives of the manufacturing and 
lumbering section of the community, as an outgrowth of the work of the Lincoln 
Street Methodist Church and the W. C. T. U. "The object of Cads Hill Center 
is to teach the duties and responsibilities of American citizenship, by promoting 
social intercourse, industrial pursuits, temperance, and the mental and moral 
ttplift of humanity. We seek to make childhood happy, youth industrious and 
old age comfortable; to bring to the people the opi>ortunities for improvement — 
educational and industrial— that are chiefly within the reach of more favored 
communities; to present ideals and incentives which will make possible a better 
citizenship and home life for the future." Incorporated May, 1898. Main- 
tained by voluntary subscriptions. 

Neiokborkood. "The section of Chicago in which Gads Hill Center is lilualcd is 
one ot the most populous areas of the entire city. Along its southern boundary lies the 

great lumber district of Ihe city. In every direction are factories The 

population is composed of Germans, Irish, Swedes, Italians and Lilhuanians. while the 
northern and eastern portions include a Polish district and the great Bohemian quarter 
of the city. Through it all is a sprinkling of Americans. A hundred thousand persons — 
employed for the most part in lumber yards and factories— live within the radius of 

influence of Gads Hill Center The saloon and dance hall arc omnipresent 

Another baleful inlluence is the propaganda of the Free Thought 
I, directed against Ihc church, leaching the principles of atheism. It is not 
confined to the Bohemians, who have the name of being generally antagonistic to Christ- 
ianity, but other nalionalilics 1^^ 3 share of its followers. There are many so-styled 
Sunday schools where children are taught that there is no God and are filled with false 
ideas of American freedom, with haired of all social order." 190S. 

Activities. Secured public school kindergarlen, a branch of Ihc public 
library, a public playground, belter sanitary conditions, and has attracted 
various forms of public and philanthropic service. 

MaintiMNs playground; public library delivery station; postal station; pas- 
teurized milk station; tuberculosis and general dispensary; day nursery: kindergarten; 
nursing service; classes in kitchen garden, cooking, piano, millinery, elocution, dressmak- 
ing, physical culture, gymnastics, manual training. There are clubs for » 
boys and children. The McCormick Club House, conducted by the Harvester Works, 
provides a place for the men of the neighborhood. There are var 
socials, etc. SHmmer Work. — The house, through its affilialcd work of the Gads Hill 
Encampment, maintains a camp of twenty-three acres on ihe lake front, with a baby- 



mbly baU: bcqr»' 

ttAd; tptdtl camp lor coM}peralive houMkeeping: reit cottage; at 
cimp; ad in in iit ration center, etc. In 1-909 there were 166S guests. 

Former Locations. 869 West Twenty-second Si., March. 1898; 867 West 
Twenly-Mcond St., Jan., [903-1908; Gads Hill Encampmenl, Glencoc, 1900-1906. 
Purchased properly at Lake Bluff, [907. 

Residents, Women 7, men 3. Volunteers. Women 15, men 3. Head 
RESiDEMi. (Mrs.) Leila A. Martin, 1898-. 

Literature, Autnoriicd Statements. Leaflets 1899, 1900, 1904, 1906, 1907 — 
Yearbook, 1910 — Bulletins 1, i, ) and 4 — Gads Hill Center, iS9S-t9o8 (containi 

Henry Booth House 
701 West Fourteenth Place (1906-) 

Established May, 1898, by William Salter and the Chicago Ethical 
Society. "The settlement represents the Ethical Society at work in the Ninth 
Ward. Ilaims to be not only an outlet for the good will and energy of the mem- 
bers in the society, but a center in which to focus the better life of the neighbor- 
hood. 1 1 strives to improve local conditions as far as possible and to co-operate 
with other agencies in developing the latent powers for good in the community." 

Neighborhood. "The neighborhood is the center of the junk, iron and melal 
trades. The population is dense and the housing extremely congested. The frame 
cotiagesof a former day are passing away, though they take a heavy loll of death and sick- 
nes» before they go. While the population of the Ninth Ward has increased twenty per 
cent in the last ten years, its citizenship is steadily decreasing, and the dwindling vole 
has made the ward helpless politically in the organization of its demands upon the city 
aulhorities. One of the four most congested and foreign immigrant wards. 

" Racially the district is divided between the Jews and Italians who crowd the north 
end. and the Bohemians, Lithuanians and Poles on the south end, with remnants of the 
disappearing Irish and German populations of an eariier day." There is the ever-present 
smoke pall from belching locomotives and chimneys, in which the public school houses 
are high offenders; there arc hundreds of old. reeking wooden houses, which just pass a 
lax inspection under an indifferent building law; a wholly inadequate appropriation for 
street cleaning, watering and garbage collection; a toleration of sidewalk stalls crowding 
and littering the streets; the selling of food and clo^ig infesled with disease germs; 
an indifferent police force, oblivious to infractions ff^H laws relating to saloons and to 
gambting; negligent public contractors, and a tardy City Hall enforcement of ordinances. 
In alt this noise, dirt and neglect live sixty thousand people, overwhelmingly orderly, 
pallenl and industrious. While there is crime and vice in the Ninth Ward, and a notice- 
ably low standard in politics, there is much more poverty and sickness. The cases dealt 
with in the Maxwell Street Police Station are less fhose of personal violence than those due 
to economic causes, ignorance of the laws, and (among ihe non-Jews) alcoholic excess. 
The most pitiable cases are those of the young people who have broken away from the 
traditions and respect of their elders, and, intoxicated with the exuberance of youth in 
Ihe pursuit of dislriclion after monotonous work, fall victims to the allurements of the 

Activities. Work to secure better streets, improved public sanitary 
conditions, belter housing and the extension of school work. Instrumental in 
securing Small Park No. 3 (an entire block with parkhouse, playgrounds, etc.): 


wcored a branch circulating library in the park center; started a large cooking 
school therein; secured the public baths and comfort station of the district; and 
has kept the need of school buildings before the aulhorilies. Conducted several 
campaigns against evil moral conditions; and tried to develop a more tolerant 
feeling between the neighborhood races. Its kindergarten and manual training 
work have been passed over to the city. One resident serves on the executive 
board of the United Charities; one is supervising nurse of Chicago Tuberculosis 
Institute; another on Women's Immigration League; a fourth in Juvenile 
Protective League, and a fifth is manager of the small park. 

Maintains library: balhs: penny savings: bank; kindergarten; classes [n civic). 
English, history, literature, sewing, embroidery, dancing, gymnastics, weaving and 
crafts work; clubs for women, men. several organizations of young people, and many 
groups of children. Lectures, entertainments, socials, etc.; civic work, preparation for 
naturaliiation, and neighborhood betterment through clubs. The neighborhood park 
center frees the house for more intensive and widespread effort. Summer If or*. — Educa- 
tional campaign in co-operation with Health Dept. Baby hygiene work, including milk 
station and tent; playground (co-operation of park): window box and vacant lot gardening; 
picnics, excursions and week ends; summer camp; vacations in co-operation with Fresh 
Air agencies. 

Former Locations. 135 West Fourteenth Place; May. 1898-May, 1904; 171 
West Fifteenth Street, rented quarters, May, 1904-Dec., 190s. 

Residents. Women 4, men j. Volunteers. Women 50, men 9: aj or more 
occasional assistants. Head Workers. (No one in residence until January. 1906,} 
William H. Noyes. May. 1898-Summer, 1899; Mary Tcnney and T. W. Allinson. May, 
1899-1901; Gertrude Bamum, Jan., 1901-1903; Emma Pischel, June, igoj-Dec, 31. 
1906. Thomas W. Allinson, Jan,, 1907-. 

Literature, Authokueo Statements. Pamphlet published by committee, 
January. 1900 — School Extension Work, conducted by the Henry Booth House, winter, 
1901. Published by School Extension Society of Chicago — Report, 1910. Sir alto: 
Noyes, William H.: Institutional Peril of the Settlements. Commons, June, 1899, 

Sbo 5i^iy|a!sted Street (1S89-} 
Established Septcmbe^re^SSg. by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr. 
"Hull-House was opened by two women, backed by many friends, in the belief 
that the mere foothold of a hou^e. easily accessible, ample in space, hospitable 
and tolerant in spirit, situated in the midst of the large foreign colonics which so 
easily isolate themselves in American cities would be in itself a serviceable thing 
for Chicago, Hull-House endeavors to make social intercourse express the grow- 
ing sense of the economic unity of society and may be described as an effort to 
add the social function to democracy." The Hull-House Charter states as its 
object: "To provide a center for the higher civic and social life; to institute and 
maintain educational and philanthropic enterprises, and to investigate and im- 
prove the conditions in the industrial disirictsof Chicago." Incorporated 1894. 
Supported by the income from apartments, coffee house and shops, which form a 
small endowment fund, and by subscriptions. 


Neichbokmood. a mixed factory and tenement quarter. Intmediatdy aboal Ibe 
houie L9 the largest Greek colony in the city, numbering perhaps three thousand people. 
In the network of narrow streets between Hull-House and Ihe river is a great Italian 
colony, badly housed, for the most part, in narrow brick tenements and in story-and-a-half 
frame cottages buill originally for single families and now containing three or tnoic. 
As it reached the limits of the housing capacity of the district, the colony began to move 
west across Halsied Street, settling down west of Hull-House. This migration into a 
Icrrilory comfortably settled by Irish and Bohemian? brought racial friction, but the two 
latter have gradually succumbed and have also moved west. A congested colony of 
Russian and Polish Jews, just south of Ihe house, form a large and important part of its 
constituency. Like the Italians. Ihe Jews are also expanding rapidly westward and 
breaking up the long-settled colonies of Irish, Bohemians and French. In addition 
Germans, Scandinavians. Hungarians, Austrians, Dutch and others are found in isolated 
families though in inconsiderable numbers. 

Originally a diitrict of small property owners, who built and lived in their two- 
story or story-and-a-half frame cottages, it is fast assuming the aspects of an industrial 
region. Large factories are coming in from year to year, wiping out the frame cottages. 
Smaller shops and factories are in every block, making shift in dark, unsanitary quarters 
improvised in tenement houses and basements, and disputing with the small stores for 
space on the "business streets" of the ward. Clothing manufacture is perhaps Ihe 
leading local industry, though junk yards are numerous, and such mercantile thorough- 
fares as Halsted Street and West Twelfth Street are crowded with department stores, 
second hand stores, Creek and Italian caf^s and wine rooms, and numerous five-cent 

Activities. I. Investigation. In 1892, Investigation of the Sweating 
System for the State Bureau of Labor Statistics; 1893, The Slums of Great 
Cities (Chicago) for Department of Labor (Washington); bictary Investigation 
for Department of Agriculture (Washington); 1895, Publication of Hull-House 
Maps and Papers, Studies in Ward and City Conditions; 1896. Invcsligation of 
the Saloons of the Nineteenth Ward for Committee of Fifty; 1897, Investigation 
of the Dietary of the Italian Colony for Department of Agriculture (Washing- 
ton); General Sttidy of 19th Ward for Ethical Society; 1903, Study of Casual 
Labor on Ihe Lakes; 1905, An Intensive Study of the Causes of Truancy; Study 
of Tuberculosis in Chicago; 1907, InvestiMi^into the Selling of Cocaine; 
1908, Study of Midwifery (Co-operation wm^Hiicago Medical Society), and 
Study of the Greeks in Chicago; 1909, Study of Infantile Mortality among 
Selected Immigrant Groups; 191Q, Investigation of the Home Reading of Public 
School Children. 

II. Efforts for Civic Betterment, (i) Housing. — Constant efforts 
for improved housing in district and city. Became headquarters for the City 
Homes Association Study of Housing in 1901 (of which body Miss Addams 
has always been an officer), and the inquiry conducted in 1909 by Ihe School of 
Civics and Philanthropy under Ihe Russell Sage Foundation, Co-operation 
with the building and sanitary divisions of Ihe city service to ameliorate con- 

(2) Stuets and Sanilalion. — Early united with all the best forces of the 
ward in an effort to secure the proper removal of refuse. Backed by friends, 


Miss Addams in 1893 put in a bid for the contract to remove garbage, which was 
not considered. She was later appointed inspector for the ward. A resident 
carried on this work until 1S98, when the office was abolished. Continuous 
efforts for the removal of the unsanitary sidewalk garbage boxes, for adequate 
paving, and clean streets. For a time a children's league helped in maintaining 
clean streets, and the Woman's Club has rendered service of great value, 

(3) Play Spacei. — Established in the spring of 1893 the first public play- 
ground in Chicago. The city furnished an otTicer and residents spent some time 
teaching the children and regulating privileges. The city playground commis- 
sion became responsible for the management in 1906. This ground served as an 
object lesson and helped the general movement for playgrounds, Residents 
aided in the movement for school and vacation playgrounds and other forms of 
public recreation. 

(4) Public Baths. — ^Secured the first public bath in Chicago, which was 
located one block north of Hull-House. The lot was donated rent free for two 
years with a provision whereby the city could buy the land at the end of that 

(5) Public Education. — Residents succeeded in saving a large public school 
building which was being transformed into a factory, though three thousand 
children were without sittings. Constant agitation was carried on for some years 
to secure better school facilities, more room, and adequate school laws. A resi- 
dent early started the custom of presenting pictures and casts to the public 
schools, which later resulted in the establishment of the Public School Art So- 
ciety. One of the residents acting as voluntary probation officer, anticipated the 
movement which resulted in the establishment of a parental school (or truants. 
Conducted (1897) public lectures in the hall of the neighboring high school, and 
has worked consistently for the enlarged use of public school buildings. The 
Labor Museum (1902) "developed through efforts to bridge the past life in 
Europe with American experience in such wise as to give them both some mean- 
ing and sense of relation." in co-opcralion with the board of education an in- 
vestigation (1906) was made into the causes of truancy and the results were pre- 
sented at a conference and in gj£nphlet form. Alumni associations of the 
neighboring public schools have held their meetings at the house; and the settle- 
ment has co-operated with teachers and principals by means of home and school 
visiting. Administers school scholarships for promising children; and main- 
tains (since 190;) avisitingkindergartenand school forsickand shut-in children. 
Miss Addams served on the school board from July, 1905, to July, 1908. Resi- 
dents were deeply interested in the establishment of the Municipal Museum; 
and several are on the staff of the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy. 

(6) Public Health. — A physician has generally been in residence; and for 
three years a special clinic was maintained for Italian children suffering from 
rachitis. Visitina'nursing has been carried on from the settlement and in co- 
operation with Ih^ Visiting Nursing Association, and a station for the sale and 
distribution of milk for infants was maintained for some years. This activity 
has been transferred to the Mary Crane Nursery, situated on the Hull-House 


land and sustained by the United Charities of Chicago. A baby dispensary a 
maintained by ihem throughout the year; and a babies' hospital is carried on 
during the summer on theroofof the day nursery. Organized (1907) a convales- 
cent cottage for young women afflicted with tuberculosis and {1909) an out- 
door school for tubercular children (since taken over by the United Charities) 
was opened. An inquiry into the causes of typhoid fever (1902) led to the reor- 
ganization of the city sanitary service and a cleaning out of the infected neighbor- 
hood. Continued efforts have been made to secure the placarding of houses 
wherein were persons having a contagious disease. A joint committee from Hull- 
House and the Chicago Medical Society made an investigation into the practice 
of midwifery; and a new law governing the license^nd control of midwives is 
hoped for. A study into the distribution of tuberculosis was made under the 
direction of Dr. Sachs, and cases were traced wherever possible to their source. 
The house still co-operates with the Tuberculosis Institute through one of iis 
residents. A resident has for two years held the position of sanitary inspeclor 
under the department of health, and specially interesting researches have been 
made into the conditions in bakeries. A study was made in [909-10 into the 
relation between the size of families and the rate of mortality among babies. 

(7) Politics.— The 19th Ward is in the hands of a political machine built 
up by the distribution of jobs in City Hall; favors to public service corporations; 
by privileges to small storekeepers; and popularized by the distribution of tur- 
keys to the poor. In i896and 1898 residents unsuccessfully backed a rival can- 
didate against the machine. Several residents have been active in general city 
affairs, and there has been some reaction on the ward from without. The house 
also stands for the extension of the suffrage to women. 

(8) Law and Order. — Voluntary probation work was undertaken very 
early; since then there has always been a probation officer in residence. Two 
of the residents, Mrs. Stevens and Miss Lathrop, were active in securing the 
juvenile court and probation law of 1899, and Mrs. Stevens became the first 
probation officer under the new law. In 190} an investigation into the cocaine 
traffic revealed conditions that resulted in the prosecution of several druggists, 
and the sale was greatly hindered. A state ^w obtained in 1907 has gone far to 
abolish the sale of the drug. In 1909 the Juvenile Psychopathic Institute was 
established to study the causes of youthful delinquency and several residents are 
interested in this work. The Juvenile Protective Association (1910) numbers 
several residents among its officers and holds its meetings at the house. There 
have been various efforts to secure peddlers from outrage; and conferences of 
inspectors have been held at the house. Maintains a branch of the Legal Aid 

{9) Labor.— \n iSgc Hull-House aided the shirtmakers during a strike 
brought about by a cut in wages. In 1892 it assisted the cloakmakcrs to or- 
ganize. The appointment of Mrs. Kelley by the state bureau of labor statistics 
to investigate the garment trade, resulted in a report which led to the Workshops 
and Factory Act in [89). (This act reduced the number of small children in 
shops; partly separated homes from shops; and secured for a time an eight- 

^^^^^^^^^1 ILLINOIS 

hour day for girls and women, though the act was later declared unconstitutional.) 
Mrs. KcUey was appointed slate factory inspector with Mrs. A. P. Stevens as 
assistant. In 1894 Miss Addams urged arbitration in the Pullman strike; and 
later co-operated with the Civic League in securing the establishment of a state 
board of arbitration and conciliation. In 189^ urged theSulzer Bill, putting the 
garment trade under jurisdiction of ihc treasury department. In 1896 Miss 
Addams called a mass meeting to create sympathy for (he strike of the garment 
workers, and secured the assistance of the Central Congress of the Civic Federa- 
tion in support of a demand for arbitration. In 1897 Mrs. Kelley was removed 
by Governor Tanner. Early forerunners of the present Woman's Trade Union 
League were organized at the house, and for some years met there. 

The Consumers' League was organized in 1898. In 1900 Miss Addams 
testified before the Industrial Commission on the custom tailors' strike to compel 
employers to furnish factories. In 1903 the house assisted in again strengthen- 
ing the child labor law. In 1903 the settlement assisted in the organization of 
the Woman's Trade Union League, In 1907 the residents co-operated in the 
effort to secure a national investigation of women's work and wages, and in the 
production of the industrial exhibit at Brookes Casino, For many years the 
house has conaperatcd with various unions and other organizations in an attempt 
to reduce the long hours of clerks in the West Side department stores, and to 
provide for Sunday closing — thus far with only partial success. 

(10) Economic. — A day nursery was opened in the spring of 1891, and 
maintained until 190S, when it was merged into a larger nursery carried on by 
the Chicago Relief and Aid Society, in a new building erected adjacent to the 
Hull-House buildings. During the economic crises of 1893-4 ^"'^ i^7< t^^ 
house carried on a great deal of necessary relief work, in 1893 the Coffee House 
was opened, and during the winter ten-cent lunches were supplied to women. 
Working under the direction of the Chicago Woman's Club, food was supplied - 
in factories, etc. The coffee house is self-sustaining and pays rental to the 

The Jane Club (1891), a co-operative boarding club for young women, has 
a separate building and meets current expenses of rent, service, food and heat. 
Two co-operative clubs for young men have been attached to the house, the 
Phalanx Club from 1892 to 1895, and the Culver Club from 1907 to 1910. A 
co-operative coal club was organized in 1892 on the Hull-House block, and was 
successfully carried on for three years. Started an employment bureau (1891), 
and much informal work in securing employment is still carried on. Since 1908, 
several meetings to discuss problems of the unemployed have been called. 
Active in securing the enforcement of the employment agency law, and in co- 
operation with the League for the Protection of Immigrants, organized meetings 
among the Bulgarians which made a successful resistance to the eictortionate fees 
which were being charged by the agencies. The Hull-House shops dispose of 
textiles, articles in metal, and pottery; and there is a growing demand for its 

(11) H^ork }0T Immigrants. — Residents early interested themselves in 


interpreting the immigrant to the city and in preserving and developing S 
human values and culture as he had to contribute to the city life. Various 
immigrant social, literary and other organizations have been formed or held 
meetings at the house. Specially notable have been several national plays and 
festival occasions. In 1909 the League for the Protection of Immigrants was 
organized, which will exert a systematic and centralized effort on behalf of immi- 
grants living in Chicago. The settlement has several times been able to be of 
service by taking the part of innocent persons involved in what were thought to 
be anarchistic plots, or in danger of apprehension by the Russian government. 

(12) Development of Neighborhood Civic Resourcejulness. — Organized 
(1896) the 19th Ward Improvement Society, which interested itself in bettering 
the physical conditions of the ward. In the fall of 1894 a ward council of ihe 
Civic Federation was organized with committees on philanthropy, education, 
politics, and morals, in 1907 organized League No. 5 of the Juvenile Protective 

(13) Cbariiy. — One of the early residents became a voluntary visitor of 
theoutdoor relief department of the city, and wasappdinted in iSqjon the state 
board of charities. Out of her double experience at tha settlement and at county 
institutions came agitation for a law for Ihe care of dependent children, which 
resulted in the juvenile court law; the state civil service law; a law for the state 
care of defectives; the state conference of charitie^; improvement of physical 
conditions in county poorhouses and jails; a law ailthorizing the establishment 
of an epileptic colony; reforms in methods of nuiiing dependents in state hos- 
pitals for defectives; an investigation into the state of the Cook County In- 
firmary, which led to radical changes for the better, and other important reforms- 
Served as a center of relief in the panic of 1894-5; managed a lodge for 

homeless women; provided street sweeping for men; was active in the campaign 
which led to the organization of a Bureau of Organized Charities. Maintains a 
fund to assist needy families in their homes, and the relief work which is done is 
carried on in co-operation with the local office of the United Charities. In 1909 
the City Gardens Association was organized to provide small gardens on vacant 
lots for needy families, with a resident of Hull-House as president. 

{14) OpporlHtiity for Public Discussion. — From its earliest years various 
organizations have arranged for public lectures and discussions at the settle- 
ment. The Working People's Social Science Club {1890) discussed various 
social and economic problems, and it is felt that as long as social growth normally 
proceeds by successive changes and adaptations, such free discussion is most 
valuable. Discussions are also frequently held under the auspices of various 
public organizations. Residents have stood for the right of free speech at several 
trying times in the city's history, when the average forbearance of its citizens 
had left them. 

(15) Arl Worif.— Art Gallery (1891) with loan exhibits of pictures, en- 
gravings, etc.; co-operation in the movement to open the Art Institute Sunday 
afternoons; leadership in the Public School Art Society; studio and classes in 
the arts of tine and form; headquarters of the Chicago Arts and Crafts Society: 


bookbtiKlery, and studios of resident artists, shops for metal and other crafts. 
Good pictures have been hung in the various rooms for their educational effect. 
The theatre is frescoed. Music School (1893-); memorial organ; chorus; con- 
certs, etc.; prizes for labor songs. Theatre; dramatic presentations of classic 
and modern plays by Hull-House and other companies; national plays by Greeks. 
Italians, Lithuanians, Bohemians, etc.; moving picture show (1908). 

III. General Propaganda. A very great factor in calling public atten- 
tion to the needs of the industrial quarters of Chicago, and in interpreting the 
inner life of its neighbors to the city. The experience of residents has been of 
service to various persons and societies, not only in Chicago, but over the country. 

IV. Local iNsriTUTroNAL Improvement. In 1891 an art gallery and 
public library was established. Since ihat time there have been added a chil- 
dren's house, coffee house, theatre, girls' boarding club, gymnasium, woman's 
club buildings, boys' club building, day nursery and crafts room, and labor 
museum. For many years the settlement held art exhibits in its gallery. An 
art and music school has been maintained; and public lecture courses and enter- 
tainments provided. Its public baths, playground, day nursery, reading room 
and library station, lending collection of pictures, etc. have been turned over to 
either public or private agencies. The house holds its activities lightly and de- 
sires to be free for experiment and the initiation of new enterprises. 

Maintains public lectures; classes in Engliih for immigrants; advanced classes in 
languages, history, belles-lettres, etc.; Shakespeare club, electrical dub, Neighborhood 
Council; Labor Museum; classes in pottery, metal work, enamel and wood carving. 
weaving; drawing, modeling, painting, lithography, and occasional art exhibits; daises 
In dressmaking, sewing, shirtwaists, millinery, cooking; men's club (incorporated 1893). 
women's club (1891): neighborhood parties; boys' club, with technical classes In wood 
working, foundry, eieciricity, type setting, telegraphy, photography, cobbling, drawing. 
stenciling, designing, me la I work, typewriting; various social dobs: brass band; library 
and study room; game room; bowling alley; bank; periodical and summer camp. 

The house serves as a meeting place for various societies: Greek Educational Asso- 
ciation: Greek Ladies Charitable Association; several Greek benefit societies; Greek 
Peddlers Protective Association: Greek Woman's Social Club: Italian Circolo: Societa 
de Beneficenw deile Donne Italiane: the Russian Social Economics Club, There are 
inany social clubs of young people, and a People's Friendly Club to which entire families 
belong. Dancing classes, socials, receptions, and festivals are given from lime to time. 
Gymnasium (1893) with various athletic classes and organizations and balhs. Music 
School; Sunday concerts, festival performances and many musical entertain men Is. 
Hull-House Theatre: dramatic associations for adults, young people and children. The 
theatre is used by groups of Greeks, Italians. Russians, l^tts. Jews, Lithuanians, Hungar- 
ians and Bohemians, who give plays for their compatriots in their native language, and 
by other dramatic associaiions in Ihe city. Coffee house and cafeteria. There are 
many children's clubs with artistic, industrial and social interests; and a dancing class; 
alio a visiting kindergarten and school for sick or disabled children. Public lectures and 
Summir Work. — Many of the classes and dubs continue to meet. There 
IS jHcnics; regular car rides to Ihe parks weekly; vacations in co-operation with 
Fresh Air agencies; and a boys' camp. 

Location and Buildings, Soo (formerly });) South HaisCed Street, i88g If,; 


Buller Building, 1S91 ff.; Smith Building; CotTee House and Theitre; 
Gymnasium: Bowen Hail; Boys' Club; Mary Crane Nursery; Dining Room and Music 
School; Mechanical Plant; Residence Flats; Men's Club. 

Residents. Women )i, men 10. Volunteers. Women s8, men 30. HiAO 
Resident. JaneAddami, 1S89-. 

Literature. I. Authorized Statements. Hull-House Yearbooks (published 
annually), circulars, syllabi, class announcements, etc. Sie also: Ciass and lecture 
announcements — Bedell, Leila C: A Chicago Toynbee Hall, lyoman's Jour., May 5, 
1889 — Porter, Mary H.; A Home on Halsted Street. Admnte. July 11. 1889 — The 
Chicago Toynbee Hall. Unity. Mar. 15, 1890 — Frothingham. Rev. J.: The Toynbee 
Idea. InUrior, July 7, 1890 — Brodlique, Eva H.: A Toynbee Hall Ejtperimenl in 
Chicago. Chaulauqnan, Sept., 1890 — Hull-House. AUruiiiic Rn., Oct., 189a — 
Pond, Allen B.; Personal Philanthropy. Ptynuntlh Rev., Nov., 1890 — Kellogg, Emily 
A.: Hull-House. Union Sitnal, Jan. ai, 1891 — Jones, Katharine A.; The Working 
Girls of Chicago, Rtv. 0/ Rtv., Sept., 1891 — Miller. Alice: Hull-House. Cbar. Rte.. 
Feb., 189a — Household Labor. Union Signal, Feb. 4, 1893 — Huli-Housc. InUrior. 
Feb. i|, 189a — Kitkland, Joseph: Among the Poor of Chicago. Scribner's M., July. 
1891 — Glimpse into Hull-House. Churchman, July 30, iBgj — The Spectator. 
Cbriilian Union, Aug. 37. 1891 — And Not Leave the Other Undone. Adtanei. 
Oct. ao, 1891 — Hull-House. Ubor Uadti, Nov., 1893 — lU. Cbriilian WotU, 
Nov., 1891 — Underwood, R. F.: A Valuable Institution. RtUiio-Pbilosopbital 
Jour., Nov., 1893 — Social Settlements. Churchman. Nov. 34, 1S93 — Ralph, 
Julian; Chicago's Gentle Side. Harper's M., July. 189} — Democracy in Social 
Life Coming. Religio-Ptihtopbical Jour.. Mar. 39. 1893 — Learned, Henry B.: 
Hull-House. Ltnd a Hand, x : 3]8 (May, 189}) — The World's Fair Congress o( 
Social Settlements. Unity, July 17, 1893 — The Civic Life of Chicago. Rrv. of Ra., 
Aug., 189J — Hull-House, Chicago. Unitarian, Sept., 1893 — Taylor, Graham: Hull- 
House. Church at Home and Abroad, Feb., 1894 — Manny, Frank A.: Social Settlements 
and City Missions. Univ. of Mich.. Apr., 1894 — Hale, E. E.: Home Rule in Cities. 
Cosmopolitan, Apr.. 1894 — The Social Settlement, New Order, Apr. 36, 1894 — Hall- 
House. Confectioner, Baker and American Cateret,]\i\y 1, 1894 — Knobe, Bertha Damans: 
Light-houses of Chicago. Union Signal, July 36, 1894 -^ Johnson. W. D.: The Ne* 
Social Movement. Broton M., Nov., 1894 — Successful Co-operation. Age. Jan. 19, 
1895 — Per Gli Italiani Poveri. Vliaiia (Chicago), Feb. 17, 1895 — Hemdon, Emily: 
Hull-House. Christian Union, xlv : 35 1 (1895) — How to Help Friendless Girls. Temple 
M., Apr. 35, 1895 — Art and the Masses. Forum, July, 1895 — Hull-House and Its 
Founder. Chicago H^oman't News, July 30, 1895 — Civic Federation of Chicago. Out- 
look, July 37, 189s — Hull-House. Outlook, Aug. 3, 1895 — Clergymen as Garbage 
Inspectors. Outlook, Aug. 17, 189; — Condition dc la Femme aux Elats-Unis, Section 
V, Hull-House. Th. Bentzon, Eslrail du Revue det Deux Mondes. fer juillet 1894 — 
West, Max: Chicago Other Half. Maps and Papers of Hull-House. Dial, xviii : 339 
(April 16, 1895) — Monroe, Lucy: A Circulating Picture Gallery, Hull-House. Cttrr. 
Lit., xix : 46 (Jan., 1896) — Settlers in the City Wilderness (Hull-House). Atlantic, 
Ixxvii : 1 18-13J (Jan.. 1896) — Slone, Melville E,: The Higher Ufe ot Chicago (Hull- 
House, Its Work). OuWooi.tiii : 337-8 (1896) — Southworth, John: A Social Settlement. 
Commercial TrascUrt'M,. Mar., 1896 — Laves, Dr. Kurt: H ull- House, eine sociale Col- 
onic in Chicago. Beilagt pir allgemeinen Zeilung (MUncben), Montag. 9 Mirz, 1S96 — 
Furnishings of Hull-House. Harper's Bai., xnix : 303 (Apr. 4, 1896) — Powell, M. B.: 
Hull-House. Codey's M., May, 1896 — Muizey, A. L: Hull-Housea Social Settlement. 

I Atma, xvi : 431-8 (Aug., 1896) 
Iviii : 769-71 (Mar. 36, 1897) - 
Lttlie's W,, Ixxxv : J50 (Nov. a; 
40f (June u. 1898) — Hull-Hoi 


■ Baker, R. S.: Ward Bmi and Hull-House. OvOodk, 
Muizey, A. L.: Chicago's First Social Selilcment. 
1897} — A Social Stiikment Appoinlee. Outlook, lii : 
/ttlantU, 3i3 : 1)8 (July, j 

Dramatic Purposes, Hull-House, Chicago, Char. Rtv., viii : 307 (Sept., rSgS) — Crissey, 
Forrest: The Hull-House Social Selllemenl. Woman's Home Compamon. Nov., 1S98 — 
D'Unger, Giselle: The Workings of Hull-House. CarlcrS Mo.. Dec, i8g8 — Hull-House. 
Pub. Opin., xx\i : jjj (Mar. 16, 1899) — Hull-House, Tenth Anniversary. Harper'% 
flflf..«xii :974 (Nov. 11.1899) — Music at Hull-House. W. S. B. M. M1.J1V, xvii : 178- 
8a (Dec, 1899) — Brodlique. Eva H.: Cbauiauquan, Sept., x^oa — Head, Elizabeth: 
Chicago Settlements. For the Settlement Committee of the Chicago Woman's Club. 
Reprinted by Chicago Commons. Jan., 1902 — Dtvine, Edward T. (Reviewer): Democ- 
racy and Social Ethics. Cbatilits, viii ; 517-5J0 (June 7, 1903) — Henderson, Charles R. 
(Reviewer): Democracy and Social Ethics. Amir. Journal of Social., vlji : 1 (July. 1902) 
— Muziey, Annie L.: Hull-House. Ladiei' World, Apr, 1901 — Hull-House. Ann. 
Amtt. Atad. oj Pal. atiifSac. Set., xix : 18; (May. 1902) — Maude, Aylmer: A Talk with 
Jane Addams and Count Tolstoi. Humant it., ill : 203 (Oct., 1903) — Hill, Caroline M, 
(Reviewer) : Democracy and Social Ethics. Aan. Amer. Acad, of Pol. and Soe. Set., xx : 
414 — Jane Addams. World's Work, v : 2. 9}o O^n., 1903) — The Hull-House Labor 
Museum. Cbaulauquaa, xxxviii :6a (Sept.. 190]) — Sanitary Ills Disclosed by Hull- 
House Worken. CbariUrs, x : 587-588 (June ij, 1903) — Hard, William: Hull-House 
and Free Speech. Comtnoni, viii. No. 87 (Oct., 190)) — Zueblin, Charles: Settlemenu 
and the New Civic Spirit. CbaitlaHgiian. xxxviii ; 55 (Sept., 1903) — Peattic, E. M.: 
Work of Miss Addams. Harper's Ba(., xxxviii : 1,003-8 (Oct., 1904) — The Ajax of 
Sophocles (Hull-House). Cbatilits. xii : 198 (Feb. 30. 1904) — Jane Addams and Her 
Work. Pilgrim, Jan., 1904 — Russell, Marjorie: Jane Addams and Hull-House. Houst- 
ketptr, Oct.. J904 — Barrows, Elilabeth C: The Greek Play at Hull-House. Commons, 
ix : 6-10 (Jan.. 1904) — Hull-House, Chicago. Commons, ix ; 210-21 (May, 1904) — 
Siyles, Mary B.: Settlement Workers and Their Work. Oaffooi, I xx viii : 304-311 (Oct. i, 
1902) — West, Max: The Revival of Handicrafts in America (Hull-House). Pp. 1,584 
ind 1,601, Bureau of Labor Bulletin, No. 55, Nov., 1904 — An Embodiment of the Social 
Spirit (Hull-House Woman's Club). Commmti. Apr., 1905, pp. 323-225. Articles About 
Miss Addams. Critic, xliv : 490 (June, 1904) — Rtn. of Rec., xxx ; 356 (Sept., 1904) — 
Outlook, Ixxviii : 305 (Oct., 1904) — Good Hausekciping. xlviii : 4 (Jan., 1909) — Amcri- 
em» M., Ixviii : 292 (1909) — World's Work, xviii : 1 1846 (Aug., 1909). Jane .Addams, 
Philinlhropist Metropolitan M., xxxi : 196 (Nov., [909) — Taylor, Graham: Jane 
Addams. Interpreter. Ren. of Rev., xl : 688-94 (Dec . 1909). 

IL Articles ABOUT THE Settlement BV Residents. Addams, Jane: With the 
Masses. Advance (Chicago), Feb., 1892. Hull-House, Chicago; An Effort Toward Social 
Democracy. Forum, xiv : 226 (Oct,, 1891), Hull-House, A Social Settlement (An Out- 
line Sketch). Pamphlet. Feb. 1, 1894. Hull-House. Art Work Done by. Forum, xix : 614 
Ouly. 1895), Hull-House. Atlantic Mo., ixxxiii : 163 (Feb., 1899), Why Ward Bosses 
Rule (extract from articles in InUrnat. Jour. Ethics). Outlook. Iviii : 879-682 (Apr. 3. 
1898). Women'sWorkforChicago (Paragraphs on Hull-House). Munie. Affaits,n : 502- 
$03 (Sept., 1S9S). First Report of the Labor Museum at Hull-House, Chicago (Pamphlet). 
1901-1902. Autobiographical Notes upon Twenty Years at Hull-House, American M., 
April, May, June. July, August, September, 1910 — Eaton, Isabelle: Hull-House and Its 
Distinctive Features. Smith CUUgt Mo., Apr.. 1894 — Holbrook, Agnes; Hult-House. 
WelUsUy M.. Jan.. 1894 — Kelley. Florence; Description and Work of Hull-House. 


New EngUndM. .Viii : 317 (Feb.j2, iSoQ.xviii ; ;;d~66(Ju1v, i8g8): Licinf^te.itS: 1)8 
(July 9, 1898) — Luther, Jessie (Curator): The Labor Museum al Hull-House. Com- 
mons, vii, No. 70 (May, 190a) — Moore, Dorothea: A Day at Hull-House. Amtr. Jati. 
Social., ii : 625-40 (Mar., 1897). Illustrated Bibliography. PhS, Opin., xxii : 366 (Mar. 
3S, 1897) — Pond, Allen B. (Trusiee of Hull-House): The Free Platform. Commom, 
Viij, No. 87 (Oct., 190)) — Starr, Ellen Gates: Hull-House BookJ Bindery. Cm- 
mnHS, June )o, 1900 — Stevens, Alzina P.: Life in a Social Settlement, Hull-Houie, 
Chicago. SciJ-Cultuti M.. Mar., [899. Hull-House in Civic Movements, excerpt from 
March SdJ-CHUure M. Pub. Opin.. xxvi : 353 (Mar. 6, 1899), Growth of HuU-Houit. 
Cur. Lit.. iix\\ :457 — Whitcombe, E. P.: Jane Club of Hull-House. Amtt. Jour. ^ 
Nursing, xi : 86 (igoi-rgoi) — Zeman, Mrs. J. Humpal: Hull-House, Zenske LJsly, 
Chicago, Oubna, 1896. Hull-House and Its Civic Aspects. Pub. Opin., xx ; 364-5 (Mar 
19. 1896). 

in. Social Studies by Residents (Books). Addams, Jane: Pbiianthropy and 
Socbl Progress. N. Y., Thomas Y. Crowell and Co., 189}. Hull-House Maps and Papers. 
N. Y.. Thomas Y, Crowell and Co. Democracy and Social Ethicst N. Y., The Macmillan 
Co., 190a. Newer Ideals of Peace. Citizens-Library. N. Y., The Macmillan Co., 1904. 
The Spirit of VouTh and the Cily Streets. N. Y., The Macmillan Co., T909. Twenty 
Years at Hull-House, N. Y.. The Macmillan Co., 1910 — Abbott. Edith; Women io 
Industry, N. Y., Appleton, rgio — Breckinridge, Sophonisba P., and Abbott, Edith: 
The Delinquent Child and The Home. Russell Sage Foundation Publication. (In Press} 
— Hunler, Robert: Tenement Conditions in Chicago. Report toCily Homes Association. 
Chicago, A. C. McClurg, rgot — Lathrop, Julia C: Suggestions for Visitors lo CouDly 
Poorhouses and !o other Public Charitable Institutions. Public Charities Commillee of 
the Illinois Federation of Women's Clubs. 1905. 

IV. Articles OR Social Stuojes by Residents. (Periodicals and Pamphlets.) 
Addams, Jane: The Objects of Social Settlements. Union Signal. Mar. ;, 1896, A Be- 
lated Industry, yimer. Jour. 0/ Soei>^., i : 536-550 (Mar,, (896). Ethical Survivals in 
Municipal Corruption, /Mi^rpaf. your. 0/ £(*i(i, viii : 373-J91 (Apr., iBgS). Significance 
of Organised Labor. Mo. jour. Inttrnal. Assoc, of Maebinisls, x : 9 (Sept,, 1898). The 
College Woman and the Family Claim. Commons, Sept., 1898. Christmas Fellowship. 
Unity, Dec, ai, 1898, Democracy or Militarism. Liberty Tract, No. 1, 1899, Central 
An tl- Imperialism League, Chicago, Trades Unions and Public Duty. Amtr. Jour, tf 
Social., iv : 448-46a (Jan., 1899), Syllabus of Lectures on Democracy and Social Service. 
(Apply at Huil-House,) The Subtler Problems of Charily, Atianiic Mo., Ixxxiii : 1^- 
'73 (Feb., 1899). The Charity Visitor's Perplexities, Extract from February ,,^1/iHiWf. 
Outlook, lx\ : 598-600 (Mar. 1 1, 1899). Trade Unions and Public Duty. Anur. Jour. 0] 
Social., Feb., 1899. On the Housing Problems in Chicago. Ann. Amer. Acad, oj Pol and 
Soc. Sci.. XX Oily, 1899), Social Education of the Industrial Democracy (Labor Museum 
at HulNHouse). Commons, June 30. 1900. College Women and Christianity. Indtptn- 
dint, Aug. 8, 1901. The Third Monthly Conference (Address). Charities, viii : 384-186 
(Mar, 39, 190a). The Friendship of Settlement Work. Report of Address at Annual 
Meeting of the University Settlement, Charities, x;3i5-3i6 (Mar. a8, 1903). Child 
Labor and Pauperism, Charities, xi ; 300-304 (Oct. 3, 1903). Henry Demarest Lloyd, 
His Passion for the Better Social Order, Commons, viii, No, 89 (Dec, 1903), The Hu- 
manizing Tendency of Industrial Education, Chautauquan. xxxix : a66-'37a (May, 1904). 
Hull-House and ItsNclghbors. CWi'fiVi.xii : 450-451 (May 7. 1904). The Present Crisis 
in Trades Union Morals, North Amer. Res., 179 : 17S-193 (Aug., 1904). Problems of 
Municipal Administration. Amer. Jour, of Sociei., x:4 (Jan., 1905). (An address de- 

livcred before the Internitional Congress or Arls and Sciences, Department of Pol., St. 
Louis, Sept., 1904.) Recent Immigration, A Field Neglected by the Scholar. Convoca- 
tion Speech al ihe University of Chicago, Dec. ao, 1904. See the Univ. Ric, ix : 9 (Jan., 
190J): a!so Com DIOR 1, x : 9-19 (Jan.. 190;). Report of Speech at Meeting of the Women's 
Trade Union League. Cbaritin. xiv ; 609-610 (Apr, 1, 1905). Poem: The House Sunds 
ona Busy Street. Commom, x : J35 (Apr., 1905). The Day Nursery (Report of speech at 
meeting of Chicago Social Service Club). Char, and Commom. xv : 411-413 (Dec. jo, 
190;). Probation Work under Civil Service. Cbar. and Commons, xv : 88i-88a (Mar. 
r7, 1906). Public Recreation and Social Morality. Cjfrdr. aiiiJ ConiMoni, xviii : 491-494 
(Aug. 3, 1907). History of the Child Labor Committee. Ahh. Amir. Acad, of Pol. and 
Soc. Sci., xxxiii : aS-jo (Mar,, 1909), The Reaction of Moral Instruction Upon Social 
Reform. Snrrty, xxii : 17 {Apr, ), 1909). Bad Boy in the Street. Ladiet Home Jour., 
sxvi : 17 (Oct., 1909). The Chicago Settlements and Social Unrest. Cbar. and Commons, 
*x: 155-166 {Maya, 1908). Some Reflections on the Failure o( Ihe Modern Age to Pro- 
vide Recreation for Young Girls, Cbar. and Commons, xxi : 365-56S (Dec. ;, 190S). 
Woman Suffrage and the Protection of the Home. Ladits Home Jour.. Jan., [gio. Char- 
ity and Social Juslioe. North Am<r. Rev., July, igjo — Abbott, Edith; English Working 
Women and the Franchise, Allanik Mo., Sept., 1908 — Abboll, Grace: The Bulgariani 
of Chicago, Cbar. and ComnwHs, xxi : 6i)-66o (Jan. g., 1909). Study of the Greeks in 
Chicago. Am. Journal of Social., xvi : 379-9) (Nov., 1909). The Chicago Employment 
Agency and the Immigration Worker. Am. Jour, of Social., xiv : a89-)o5. The Immi- 
grant and Ihe Municipal Problem. Proceedings Cincinnati Conference for Good City 
Government, (ijth Annual Meeting, National Municipal League.) Topical Abstract of 
Juvenile Court Laws. In Juvenile Court Laws in the United Slates Summarized, pp. 1 19- 
141. N. Y., Charities Publication Committee, 1910. (Russell Sage Foundation Publica- 
tion.) — Borosini, Victor von: Hull-House, ein Amerikanisches Settlement. Blattler fucr 
ttrgUicbendt Ricblswissinscbaft (Berlin), 1907. Hygienisches aus Chicago. Blacttcr futr 
laiialt Mtdijin (Berlin), 1907. Amana Kommunismus auf christiicher Grundlage. Die 
Hilft, 1909. Der Probation Officer. JKgtndfnersorgt. 1907. Amerikanische Jugendge- 
richte. Juftndwoblfabri, 1908. Die neuesle Eniwickelung der Jugendgerichte in den Ver. 
St. Jugtndteoblfabrl, 1910. Hull-House. Mitliiluitgen det \HamhHrget ydkihiim, 1910. 
Our Recreation Facilities and the Immigrant. Ann. Amer. Acad, of Pol. and Soc. Sci., 
Mar, 1910. Neuesle Entwiklung des amerik. Armenwesens. ZeHscbriflfur Armemntsen, 
1910 — Breckinridge, Sophonisba P.: Child Labor Legislation. EUmentary Scbool : 511-517. Illinois Ten Hour Law. your. o//"!)/. £cd«., June, 1910. Neglected 
Widowhood in the Juvenile Court. Amer. Jour, of Social., xvi : 53-88 — Breckinridge, 
Sophonisba P., and Abbott. Edith: Chicago's Housing Problem, I, II and III, Amer. Social.. Kv\ : 145-146; a89-3o8; 433-468 — Brilton, James A.: Child Labor and 
Ihe Juvenile Court. Ann. Amir. Acad, oj PiA. and Sac. Sci. (Supplement), March, igog. 
Juvenile Court Children, Arcbives oj Pediatrics, Feb., 1909 — Britton, Gertrude Howe: 
'An Intensive Study of the Causes of Truancy in Eight Chicago Public Schools, (Report 
lo Chicago Conference on Truancy, Dec, 1906.) — Crowell, F. Elizabeth: The Mid- 
wives of Chicago. Report of a Joint Committee of the Chicago Medical Society and Hull- 
House. Jour, of Amer. Med. Assoc., \: [346 {1908) — Gcrnon, Maud; Howe, Gertrude; 
Hamilton, Alice, M.D.: An Inquiry into the Part Played by Ihe House Fly in the Recent 
Epidemic of Typhoid Fever. Published by the City Homes Association, Set also: Com- 
MMu, viii, No. 82 (May, 1905) — Hamilton, Alice, M,D,: The Part played by the House 
Fly in the Spread of Typhoid Infection, Joitr. of Amer. Med, Assoc., vol. i (1903). A 
Study of Tuberculosis in Chicago, Founded on Statistics by Dr. Theodore Sachs and a 


house-to-house Investigation by Miss Berlha Haiaid, Hull-House. Published by the G 
Homes Associalion, 190;. The Social Settlement and Public Health. Char, and Comnunu. 
xvii : 1037-1040 (Mar. 9, 1907). Industrial Diseases. Cbar. and Commons, xx : tij!'6l9 
{Sept. 5, 1908). Excessive Chlld-Bearing as a Factor in Infant Mortality. Amtr. Acai. ef 
Mtd. Bull, xi : 181 (1910) — Hooker, George E.: Social Feeling in Greit BriUin: Out- 
look. October, 1896, pp, 685-686. Readings for Twenty Evenings on Better Dwellings. 
Parks and Playgrounds, Franchises, A Municipal Labor Policy and Public Beauty. A 
syllabus of studies carried on for two years by the Municipal Science Club at evening 
meetings, 8 pages (1897). As Secretary of Committee wrote report of so-called " Harlan" 
committee of City Council on Street Railways of Chicago. 313 pages (March. 1898) — 
Hull-House Recreation Guide. A list of Pleasant Places for cgth Warders to go. Arranged 
in order of cost for Round Trip. 10 pages (1906). The Traction Ordinances, Pamphlet 
analyzing the traction ordinances (March 9, J907), Traffic and the City Plan. Cbar. and 
Commons, rax : 1491-93 (Feb. 1, igo8). The New Chicago. Digest of Report of Commer- 
cial Club on A Plan of Chicago. Surrey, xxii : 778-90 (Sept. 4, 1909) — Hunt, Milton B,: 
Housing of Non-Family Croups of Working Men, Amer. Jour, oj Sociot., xvi : 146-70 
(Sept., 1910) — Johnson, Amanda: Clean Streets and Alleys, See Report of the Sunset 
Club (Jan. la, 1899) — Kelley, Florence: The Working Boy. Amer. Jour. 0/ Sociot.. 
ii: 358-368 (Nov.. 1896), Child Labor Law. Amtr. Jour. of Socio}., iii : 490-501 (Jan.. 
1898). Vereinigte Staalen von Amcrika. Das Gesetz Uber freie Volksbibliotbcken des 
Staates Illinois, Arcbiv fur soiiaU Cesriigebunt und Slatislik. Band Heft. Berlin, The 
United Slates Supreme Court and the Utah Eight-Hour Law. Amer. jour, of Social,, 
July. 1898. Women's Clubs vs. Child Labor. Signed by Caroline D. G. Granger, Florence 
Kelley and Jane Addams, ComTnons, viii. No. 84 (July. 1903) — Lalhrop, Julia C: 
The Isolation of Our Public Charities, Commons, vi. No, 65 (Dec, 1901). Women 
in the Care of the Insane. Amer. Jour, of Nuning. xi : 430 (1901-190^). Village Care of 
the Insane. Reprinted from the Report of the Twenty-ninth National Conference ol 
Charities and Corrections. George H. Ellis, printer. 171 Congress Street, Boston, 190J. 
Reform of a City Poor House. Commons, ix : 40-43 (1904) — Moore, E, C; Social 
Value of the Saloon, Atner. Jour, of Sociol., iii : i-ij (July, 1897) — Stevens, Aliina 
Parsons: Die Gewerkvereine der Vereiniglen Staaten. Arcbiv far sojiale Cesel^gebung und 
Slatislik. Band Heft, Berlin — Westcott, O. D.i The Men of the Lodging Houses. 
Commons, viii. No, 86 (Sept,. 1903), ^^_ 

Hyde Park Center ^^| 

5643 Lake Avenue (1909-) 

Founded Fall of 1909, by the Hyde Park Juvenile Protection League "to 
provide facilities for wholesome play, social expression and training in the in- 
dustrial arts under proper supervision." Maintained by membership dues o( 
$1,00 from approximately five hundred members resident in the district between 
50th and 59th Street, Lake Michigan on the east, and Cottage Grove Avenue on 
the west; together with extra subscriptions of from Jt.oo to $5. 00 per tnontb 
frotn approximately one hundred subscribers in this resident district. 

Neichbormood. The neighborhood is a good residence locality (in which is the 
University of Chicago), with the exception of four to six blocks located from 53rd to 57th 
Streets, along the side of the Illinois Central tracks on Lake and JefTerson Avenues. 
A "wet" district, and a large number of saloons are located on Lake Avenue frotn 53Td to 

n living an Lake and JefTerxon 


jTth SiKets. There Is quite a large colored populatioi 
Avenues, employed mainly as waiters in nearby hotels. 

Maintains manual training; domestic science; sewing classes; kindergarten; 
library and reading room ; singing classes; gymnastic work for boys and gitls. indoors and 
outdoors; eight rooms in the center; baseball, football in the neighborhood lots. Two 
covered pavilions, one for boys and one for girls, with outdoor gymnastic apparatus. 

Literature. Hyde Park Juvenile Protective League leaflet for 1909 — Hyde 
Park Center Bulletin No. 1, Jan. 27. 1910 — Hyde Park Center Bulletin No. a. June t, 

For information apply to Mrs. Anna W, Thompson, Corresponding Secretary, 
5747 Washington Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

Neighbokkix)0 House 
6710 May Street {1906-) 

Established in the Fall of 1897, by Mrs. Harriet Van Der Vaart as the 
outgrowth of a kindergarten apeneJ in 1896 by the young people of the Univer- 
salist Church of Englewood "to bring together for mutual benefit people of 
difTerent classes and conditions." Became independent of the church in 1900, 
and in 1903 reorganized and incorporated as the Neighborhood House Associa- 
tion, with a board of twenty-five directors, most of whom live in the neighbor- 
hood, who hold title to the property and largely manage internal affairs. Shares 
in the buildings of the association were sold in the neighborhood at five dollars 
each. Maintained by dues, subscriptions, etc. 

Neickbokhooo. a tenement district of small houses. The people are of Irish, 
Dutch, Bohemian and Italian extraction; and are mostly small wage-earners. 

Activities. Co-operation with the neighborhood in securing a small 
park; in co-operation with its public schools secured several kindergartens, a 
summer manual training school; provided public library service. The resi- 
dents have been active in the Woman's Trade Union League and the Child Labor 
Committee. Mrs. Van Der Vaart as chairman of the industrial committee of the 
StateFederationof Women's Clubs made a study of working children in Chicago 
and Cook County, and did much to secure the present legislation. As secretary 
of the Consumers' League she has had opportunity to insist on the enforcement 
of the same law. Anna Nicholes has eserted a most eiTective influence as 
secretary of the Woman's Trade Union League and editor of the woman's de- 
partment of the Union Labor Advocate. 

Maintains industrial school; music school; clubs for women, young men and 
women, and children, for literary, dramatic and social ends. The nearby center provides 
gymnasium, playground and library facilities, and the house secures lectures for the center. 
Many plays, entertainments, lectures, socials, etc. Sumimr iVotk, — Vacation work in 
co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Former Locations, ijjo Sixty-ninth St.. 1: 
St. 1899-1906, 

Residents. Women 3. men 1. Vollinte 
Resident. (Mn.) Harriet V«n Der Vaart, 1896-. 

1899; U34 West Sixty-seventh 
Women 40, men 9. Head 


Literature. I. General References, Annual Prospectui 
Avenue Universalist Church, Chicago — Articles in Ihe weekly Mtiienger, published by 
ihe church — Prospcclus of Steward Avenue Universalist Church. 1899-1900 — Neigh- 
borhood House Association. Co-opttation, iv : 34} (Oct. 15, 1904) — A People's Own 
Neighborhood Center. Commons, x : 4^-49 (Jan.. igos) — Neighborhood House Plans, 
Co-operation (Chicago), v : ao (May 30, 1905) — A Ccmpcrative Neighborhood House, 
Chicago. Char, and CommoHS, xv ; 734-7)5 (Feb, 34, 1906). 

H. Social Studies by Residents, Van Der Vaart, Harriet M.: Our Working 
Children in Illinois, Comtnoni, vii, No. 79 (Feb,, igoj). Child Workers al the Holiday 
Season, Commons, ix : 57-59 — Nicholes, Anna E.: From School to Work. A Study 
of Ihe Central Office (or issuing Child Labor certificates. Reprint from Commons istued 
by the Illinois Branch of the Consumers' League. Votes and Wages for Women, Issued 
by Illinois Equal Suffrage Association, 


Northwestern University Settlement 
1400 Augusta Street, corner Noble SlrccI (igoi-) 

Established December. i8gi, by Charles Zueblin and Mr. and 
Qark Tisdale in a flat at 143 West Division Street, and organized as the North- 
western University Settlement in December. 1S91 , by Professor Charles Zueblin, 
Mrs, Henry Wade Rogers and members of the faculty and students of the North- 
western University "to serve as a neighborhood center for the community." 
Incorporated 1898. Maintained by individual subscriptions and volunteer 

Neichborhooo, "There is no more strategic point for social and civic work in oui 
entire city than this corner, just a step south from Milwaukee Avenue, midway of that 
great thoroughfare of the Northwest Side, . . . Within a mile radius from the seKle- 
ment sixteen languages are spoken. Immediately north and west centers the great Polish 
community of Chicago — the second Polish city in the world. All about us the problem 
of the Americanization of foreign peoples is being slowly worked out, and 'Americans in 
process' is the order of the day. In the nearby streets and tenements Pole and Bohemian, 
Russian and Italian, Jew and German with Scandinavian and American children contend 
for mastery in the struggle of the nations. To bring these divided peoples together, to 
soften ihe asperities of national, religious, race and political prejudices, and to aid in the 
development from these diverse types and habits of Ihoughl a common standard of en- 
lightened American citiienship — surely this is a task worthy of the most peisislent leal 
and the highest courage." 

Activities. Many efforts to better the physical conditions of the neigh- 
borhood. Carried on preliminary investigations into housing, as a result of 
which the City Homes Association study was undertaken. Members of the 
settlement served from time to time as sanitary inspectors; and constant work 
has been done to secure adequate city sanitary service. Maintained a play- 
ground in 1899, and has been active since iSgi in efforts to secure more ade- 
quate play spaces for its district. Secured a free public bath in 1905, 

Carried on a campaign against corrupt dance halls, and has in many other 
ways stood for the moral welfare of its neighborhood. In co-operation with 
The Commons and Raymond Robins (one time head resident, and still resident 

in the district), the house has had a share in sending to the city council n 
series of honest and eflicient public servants. 

Investigations into aspects of neighborhood life by University students. 

For some years maintained a dispensary; a coffee house and food station 
(1897-1904); day nursery; opened the pioneer pasteurized milk station (1898-); 
playground (1899); Fresh Air station (or babies (1906); most of which activities 
are now being carried on by special agencies. 

Maintains kindergarten; library, picture library; classes in manual iraining. 
domestic science, sowing, embroidery, dressmaking, elocution; music school (voice, piano, 
violin, chorus, band): mechanical drawing; dancing; physical culture: night school in 
English. Clubs for games and stories, athletics, debating, etc.; women's and girls' clubs; 
men's clubs with literary and musical interests (civic club and Padercwski Singing Society), 
The houseisacenler of meeiing for many independent national Polish and other organiw- 
tions. There is a Neighborhood Guild "made up of one delegate from each self-governing 
organization meeting in the house, one delegate from any neighborhood organization of 
social, educational or civic character, the principals of the public schools of Ihe neighbor- 
hood, the directors of each department of work In the Northwestern University Settlement, 
and one delegate from the council of Ihe settlement. The guild meets monthly for dinner, 
Ihe transaction of business and the discussion of subjects of interest to Ihe neighbor- 
hood." Numerous lectures, entertainments, receptions, festivals, etc. Summer Work. — 
Modified milk station; Fresh Air station and clinic for babies (co-operation Relief Aid 
and Visiting Nurse Association); vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies; 
picnics and excursions; vacant land gardening. Two camps, one for mothers and babies, 
capacity 30; one for boys, capacity ]o. Caddie corps at Glenview Golf Club. 

PoRMEit Locations. 143 West Division St., Fall, 1891; 2a; West Division St., 
Winter, 1891; 16(31) Rice St., 1892-1895; aja West Chicago Ave., Nov.. 1B95-1901. 

Residents. Women la, men 2. Volunteehs. Women 14"*, men 10. 

Head Residents. Mrs. Henry Sly, June, j89j-June, 1899; Harry Ward. Oct., 
1898-Fall, 1900; William Hard, igoi-lgoa; Russell J. W'ilbur, 1903-1903; Raymond 
Robins, 1903-1905; Harriet Villum, Oct. 4, 1907-. 

Literature, I. Authofiied Statements. Annual reports, circulars, announce- 
ments, bulletins, etc. — Tbt Ntigbbor. Published monthly by the settlement "for the 
information of the clubs and classes, the neighborhood people, and Iht non-resident workers 
and friends of the settlement." Nov. 1;. 1899-January, 190J — Bogardus, Emory S.: 
A History of the Northwestern University Settlement. 190S-9 (Unpublished). On file at 
Northwestern 'University, and at Ihe settlement. Stt also: Prosptcl Union Ren., i. No. 3 
(Apr. 18, 1894) — Norlbwestirn Cbrisiian Advotati, October, 1896 — Vincent, Bishop 
J. H.: The University Settlement. Chicago, G. Curtis and Jennings. Paper, net, 10 cents 
— Northwestern University Settlement. Commons, ix : 379, 510(1904), 

II. Studies Made by Univehsitv Fellows. Nfsmilh, George T.: Housing 
Conditions in the Sixteenth Ward, 1S99. (On lile.) — Marsh. Daniel L.: History of the 
PtJish People of the Seventeenth Ward. 1906-7. (On file.) — Nagley, Frank A.: In- 
vestigation Into Amusements. (L*<J to prosecution of saloon and nickel show operators.) 
1907-8. (On file.) — ■ Bogardus, Emory S.: A History of Ihe Northwestern University 
Settlement, and A Study of Ihe Psychology of Adolescence. Based on new data regarding 
conditions in the Seventeenth Ward, 1908-9. 

IN. Social Studies bv Residents. Robins, Raymond: The Tramp Problem 
i, No. 74. (Sept., 1903). How a Union Inspired a Working Woman. Com- 


moHf. in : 260 <June, 1904). — Wilbu 
Fairly Expect [rom Historic CtirisLiir 

, Russell F.: What the Social Movemtntw 
ily. Commons, viii, No, Bj (Aug., 1903). 

South Deering Neighborhood Center (Settlement) 
10441 Hoxie Avenue 

Established February, 1907, as the outgrowth of informal social work in 
the people's homes begun by Dr. Harriet Mitchell and Mrs. Alex Natanson in 
1907, Aims "to offer a place of recreation and instruction to children who have 
but few advantages in home life. These children are largely foreign but it Is 
difficult to get hold of them; the American children so far have had the largest 
benefit from the work." Supported by the Wisconsin Steel Mills, and the 
Byproduct Coke Corporation. 

Neighborhood, South Deering near the McCormiek Steel Mills. The people 
are Swedes. Irish, Poles and Italians. There is little social life in the district, only one 
school and one hall over a saloon, but many saloons. South Chicago ii a mile and a half 
away by trolley. 

Maintains library; classes in manual Iraimng. cooking, electricity, dancing, and 

FoBMEB Location, a6o8 One Hundred and Sixth St. 

Residents. Women a, Volunteehs. Women j, men a. Head Resi[)ikts. 
Dr. Harriet Mitchell, Feb,. 1907-Sepl,, 1907; Mrs, Hamlin. Sept,, 1907-Jan,, 1908; 
Mrs, Howe. June, igoS-Sept.. 1909: Mrs. Francis Bass, Sept., 1909-1910; (Mrs.) Sarah 
A. Kenney. 1910-. 

South End Center (Settlement) 
j2ia Ninety-first Street (1908-) 

Established November 9, 1907, by Grace Darling and the South End 
Woman's Club, "to promote the physical, educational, social, civic and religious 
welfare of the community," The Settlement Association was organized April, 

Neidhborhood. South Chicago, which is a great industrial quarter grown up about 
the plant at the Illinois Steel Company. Open sewers abound and the housing is the worst 
in the city. Tenements are packed with people. living the most wretched and squalid 
lives. The people are Poles, Hungarians. Lithuanians, Swedes. Germans, Irish, etc. 
There are two small parks in the neighborhood. 

Maintains day nursery: resident nursing service; library; playground; classes in 
pottery, civics, drawing, cooking, sewing, shirtwaists, dancing, music: English and Shakes- 
peare; clubs with athletic, dramatic, literary and social interests: various lectures, enter- 
tainments and socials. Sumntr H^itrk. — Playground; co-operation in the campaign to 
save babies, inctudingmilkstalion, clinics, educational visiting, etc,; excursions: vacations 
in co-operalioD with Fresh Air agencies; baseball league; some camping, and picnics each 

Former Locations. 8951 Superior Ave., Nov. 9, 1907-May, 1908. 

Residents, Women 4, men i. Volunteers. Women 30, men 5. Head Resi- 
dent. Grace Dariing, 1907-, 

Literature. Authorised Statements. Year Book, 1908-9, South Chicago 
Settlement. Cbar. and Commons, xix : 1774 (Mar. ai, 1908). Sii tdto: St. Paul's Parish 
Record, 1909. 

University of Chicago Settlement 
4630 Gross Avenue (1905-) 

Established January. 1894, by the Philanthropic Committee of the 
Christian Union of the University of Chicago, with two graduate students 
(William Johnson and Max West) in residence "to provide a center for edu- 
cational, religious and philanthropic work." Miss McDowell became head 
resident Sept. 15, 1894. Aims: "We believe that God hath made of one blood 
all nations of men, and that we are His children, brothers and sisters all. We 
are citizens of the United Stales, and believe our Flag stands for self-sacrifice 
for the good of all the people. We want to be true citizens of this our city, and 
therefore will show our love for her by our works. Chicago does not ask us to 
die for her welfare; she asks us to live for her good, so to live and so to act that 
her government may be pure, her officers honest, and every home within her 
boundaries be a place (it to grow the best kind of men and women to rule over 
her." — Young Citizen's Creed, by Mary E. McDowell. Incorporated 1898. 
Maintained by subscriptions collected by the University Settlement Board, 
assisted by the Women's University Settlement League, by collections from the 
Sunday service of the University of Chicago, by private contributions, and by 
settlement clubs. 

Neighoofhood. The neighborhood is "in the southwest corner of ihal square 
mile, which includes the Union Slock Yards and the great packing houses, where each day 
100,000 animals are slaughlered for the world's market. The physical appearance is that 
of a frontier prairie town, the dwelling houses being mostly of wood. A little collage is 
perhaps purchased on monthly payments and often rented to from three to six families 
with boarders. Later it is moved to the rear of the lot and a two-story frame tenement 
with an attic is built on the front of the lot. The landlord, the owner of the original cot- 
tage, may continue to live in it. though a little later both houses are apt to come into the 
possession of the Lithuanian or Polish man, who is 'getting along' and becoming the capi- 
Uiijt of the community. 

" Fifteen years ago, when the sellleir 
were paved, there was no sewer connection 
the ditches were covered with a green scui 
horse cars, and the sidewalks were of wood. 
have been made, some of the streets have been paved, 
I by electricity, and 

It was established, only a few of these streets 
ilh the houses, streets were lighted by lamps, 
from standing water, transportation was by 
Within the last two years concrete sidewalks 
of the houses have sewer con- 
ive elec[ric lights. Two large 
banks have been built on the corner of 47lh Street and Ashland Avenue, and several large 
department stores have been opened; one of them, a very successful co-operative store, 
run by Lithuanians and called 'The Star,' has weathered the panic and is planning to 
put up a building of its own. New industries are coming into the community, such as a 
large foundry and other manufactories. There are slill many streets unpaved. many 
ditches with green scum, while the city garbage dump, which twelve years ago completely 
ruined a whole settlement of little houses, produces in August a heavy death rale of babies. 
This garbage dump has been fought by the community every spring, but is still here. 
The old Irish, Scotch and English neighbors have been supplanted by the Bohemian, Pole, 
Slovac, Lithuanian, Gallician, Croatian and Slovenian. 

"This is an industrial community, not a slum, and the standard of life is influenced 


by Ihe work and wages in 'the yards.' There is a saloon for about every twentr-thice 
voters. The saloon is Ihe masl hospitable place in the communily to Ihe non-English 
speaking people. One Slovac saloon has all the Slovac papers. The intelligent saloon 
keeper Is the friend and caunsellor of his people. I'hey meet In the back of his saloon k 
they wouid in a club house. The only place near the Slock Yards which offers a comfoti. 
able seat at a table during the lunch hour is Ihe saloon, which fs crowded at Ihe noon 
half-hour. It is also, unfortunately, the political as well as the social center, and Ihe saloon 
keeper, with the ward politician, is toocrften the only interpreter of American institutions. 
The present irjio alderman is a saloon keeper and the Republican candidate for Ihe legis- 
lature is also a saloon keeper." 

AcTiVETiEs. 1. Investigations. Many informal studies of particular 
phases of neighborhood life, mostly for some immediate use. See bibliography. 

II. Efforts to Better District Conditions, (i) Wouj ('«?.— Constant 
efforts for more adequate building laws and belter sanitary regulations; se- 
curing by individual complaint such remedy as is possible from ihc city depart- 
ments. (2) Streets and Refuse. — Through personal work and the education of 
children in the summer schools an increasing demand for adequate street and 
sanitary service is being created. A long continued effort for the removal of 
the city dump and "Bubbly Creek," a foul and pestilence breeding slream, 
has been so far unsuccessful. Through the efforts of the 29th Ward Improve- 
ment Association the superintendent of streets and alleys for the 29th Ward and 
the foreign interpreter and instructor for the department are living at the 
settlement. (Aug., tgio.) (3) Play Spaces.^PTOvided a playground with 
supervised play for many years, and did much to create the public opinion which 
secured the neighborhood play center. {4) Public Schools.— Th<i settlemenl 
from the first year of its history has co-operated with the public school. It was 
the pioneer in securing kindergartens and manual training; it secured a school 
for deaf children for the west part of the city; the opening of a neighborhood 
school for public lectures; the first experiments in school nursing, picture ex- 
hibitions and social work for adults were tried under the auspices of the settle- 
ment. It promoted the first and had the second vacation school; initiated 
excursions, and civic work for children. The first "social secretary" of a Chi- 
cago school is a resident of the house, holding a fellowship from the educational 
department of the Chicago Woman's Club. {5) Labor, — Campaign of educa- 
tion against the vicious industrial system of the stock yards, which keeps from 
one thousand to three thousand people on hand as surplus labor, and which 
disregards equally public health, the independence and spirit of men, the virtue 
of women, and the future of little children in the scramble for money. The 
settlement was established after the unsuccessful strike of 1894, which led to the 
disintegration of the unions, but has always stood for the right of organization, 
and in the strikes since 1894 has done what it could to uphold the unions. 
Largely instrumental in securing the United States investigation into the physi- 
cal, moral and industrial conditions of women and children. (6) Economic— 
Assisted in the organization of the Bureau of Charities and the district branch. 
The Woman's Club has a loan fund for members. Workroom for sewing and 


repairing (winter of 1897]; legal aid service (1895 ff.); and in the strike of 1904 
provided milk for many families in need (seventy gallons a day). (7) Moral. — A 
resident established informal juvenile probation service in 1894, and became 
the district officer when the juvenile court was secured. A movement is under 
way to secure a boarding house for immigrant girls in order to mitigate the evils 
attendant on the "boarder" habit of immigrant families. (8) Hcallh. — A clinic 
was maintained for several years. A resident was for some years an inspector 
of schools, and made valuable studies in the health of school children, conducted 
inquiries into tuberculosis, sanitation, etc., in the neighborhood. 

III. Local Institutional Improvement. Started the first public 
library service in the quarter, and later housed a branch of the public library, 
which has become a part of the Park Center equipment. Secured a public 
park and a public bath, largely through the efforts of its Woman's Club. 

IV. General Propaganda. Residents are represented on many na- 
tional, state and local bodies; and give their services constantly in general 
social educational work, and in presenting phases of the industrial and social 
needs of its neighborhood. 

Maintains library; kindergarten; resident nurse; probation officer; social work 
in the HamlJne ScKool; school of citizenship; neighborhood parties (Poles, Slovaks, 
Bohemians, Finns) ; lectures and opportunity for meeting of independent organizations; 
classes in gymnastics, manual training, natural science, metal work, cooking, sewing, 
music (piano, chorus, orchestra), dancing. There are many clubs of women, young men 
and women, and children, with athletic, literary, social anJ other interests. The Park 
Centers have freed the settlement tor special social and educational work with foreigners, 
and fordubswithspecial interests not yel supplied by public enterprise. Summer IVort.-^ 
Medical and nursing service; summer tent for sick babies; playground for kindergarten 
chiklren; excursions and picnics; vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Former Locations. 4655 Gross Ave., 1894-1869; 46)8Ashland Ave., i896-(905. 

Residents. Women 11, men 5. Head Resioeni. Mary E. McDowell, 1894-. 

Literature. I. Authorized Statements. Report, 1896. President's Report of 
the University of Chicago, pp. ao8-ai6, July, 1899 — McDowell, Mary E.: Report of 
the University of Chicago Settlement. Pamphlet. 1901 — Barnes, C.R.: Religious Work 
at the University of Chicago. Univ. Rec, May 1 1, 1901 — Annual Report, i9ot-i9oa. 
Reprint from Unin. 0/ Chicago Rtc. April, 190J — The Tenth Anniversary of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago Settlement, Unn, Rec., viii : ])8 (Feb., 1904) — Bass. Laura S.i 
Report. Univ. Ric. viii. No. 12 (April, 1904) — McDowell, Mary E.: The Activities 
of the University of Chicago Settlement, link. Rec. xii. No. ) (Jan., 1908) — Report, 

11. Articles on Settlement by Residents. McDowell, Mary E.: Settlement 
Work in the Slock Yards. U'orldRev..\ : j8o (June i, 1901) — At the Heart of the Pack- 
inglown Strike. Commom, ix : 397-403 (Sept., 1904). See also; University of Chicago 
Settlement. Prospect Union Rev., i. No. j {1894) — Thatcher, Oliver J.: The University 
of ChicagoSettlament. Un(B.£rfo'iji(»iM'orW,pp. ni-ii4(Apr., 1894) — Lo vet t, Robert 
M.: The University of Chicago Settlement. Prospect Union Rep., i : 7 (1894) — Uni- 
versity of Chicago Settlement. Kinidom (Minneapolis), Oct. 18, 189s — Gavit, John 
P.: Mary E. McDowell, A Settlement Worker- Commons, Jan., 1898 — Some Social 
Aspects of the Chicago Stock Yards (for University Settlement surroundings and condi- 


tioni)' jimer. Jour, of Socio!., vii : 145, 389, 43), 687 {1901-1903) — A Noble Woou. 
Souvenir Journal of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workers, May, 1904 

— Among the Bohemians of Chicago (University Settlement). CbaritUs. xii : 387 (1904) 

— The University of Chicago Seltlemcnt (Slock Yards Strike). Comiiums, ix : 506-7 
(Oct., 1904) — McDowell, Mary: American M., Jan., 1911. 

III. Articles or Social Studies by Residents. Bell, Jessie F., and Bugbey. 
Caro B.: Neighborhood Housing Conditions (two studies for the Sage Fund, Chicago 
School of Civics) — Hedger. Caroline: Tuberculosis in the Stock Yards District III 
SUiU Med. Jour.. Dec, 1906 — Physical Examination of Below Grade Children. lU. 
Slate Mid. Jour., Apr., 1909 — Kennedy, J. C: A Survey of the Slock Yards District 
(Unpub.) — Masaryk, Alice C: The Bohemians in Chicago. Cbat. and Commom, xviii: 
3o6-aro (Dec. 3, 1904) — McDowell. Mary E.: Social Settlements Defined. Commons, 
Aug.. 1900. Story of a Woman's Labor Union. Commons, vii. No. 78 (Jan., 190J). 
Women Workers, Souvenir Journal of Amalgamated Meat Cutters and Butcher Workmen 
(May, 1904). The Struggle in the Family Life of Bohemians. Charities, xiii : 196-197 
(Dec. i, 1904). Report of a speech at a meeting of Ihe Women's Trade Union League. 
Charities, xiv : 609 (Apr. i, 1905). An Embodiment of Ihe Social Spirit (Hull- 
House Women's Club Building). Commons, x : ai)-2a5 (Apr., 190;). The Field 
Houses of Chicago and their Possibilities. Char, and Commons, xvtii : ;};-5)8 (Aug. 
3, 1907). Activities of University of Chicago Settlement. Univ. Rec, xii ; ii-i; 
(Jan., 1908). The Girls' Bill. Sutvey, xxii ; 509-513 (July 3, 1909). The City and 
Neighborhood. Chapter in The Socialized Church. Articles in Nortbvititern Cbrittian. 
Pub. by Eaton and Main, N. Y. Advocate, and The Standard (Baptist paper) ~ 
Mead, George Herbert: The Social Settlement: Its Basis and Function, Vniii. Ree., 
xii, No. ) (Jan., 1909) — Montgomery, Louise: Social Work in the Hamline School. 
Elementary Scbad Teacher, viii. No. j (Nov., 1907). Soil in Which Repeaters Grow. 
Survty, xxiii : 77-81 (Oct, 9, 1909) — Varkala, Joseph: The Packing House Industry. 
The Weakening Effect of the Saloon on Society. A comparative study of student life in 
Russia and America, The Expression in Modem Philosophy of the Labor Movemeo l in 
Germany. France, and England. (Unpublished). ^^^| 

Wentworth Neighborhood Center ^^| 

Forty-third Place and Wentworth Avenue 

Established November, 1909, by Lillie Anna Pfeiffer. 

Neighborhood. A quarter inhabited by laboring men and their families, most of 
whom are ambitious to give their children better opportunities than they enjoyed. Ra- 
cially they are of Irish and German extraction with some Italians, Ausirians, Hungarians, 
Lithuanians, Poles, Jews and Negroes. There are well defined groups of the above 
nationalities although almost eveiy nation is represented somewhat. The immigrant 
groups are rapidly increasing. 

Maintains library: classes in drawing, sewing: choruses; clubs for games; moih- 
tn' club. Occasional lectures, and small exhibitions of art; concerts once in a while. 
SuwtaUT Work. — Outings and gardening. 

Residents. Women %, men t. Head Resident. Lillie Anna Pfeiffer. 

Abraham Lincoln Center (Independent) 
Oakland Boulevard and Langley Avenue 

Founded May, 1905, by Jenkin Lloyd Jones and the All Souls Church, 
continuing broad neighborhood and social activities dating back to October, 
t886. Aims: " 1. A central point to which the needs of the individual, the home< 
and the community, the child, the lonely, the sick, the wayward, the noble, the 
elTicient, will lend. 2. A spiritual power house from which will radiate as many 
human helps, — physical, intellectual, artistic, social, ethical, and religious, — as 
possible. The purpose has been the same from the beginning." 

Neighborkooo. a well-lo-do section of Chicago, situated an the border of a 
lenement district of small wage-earners. It draws its constituency from the tenements, 
the lodging houses, apartments and homes, and in this mixingof classes finds much strength. 
The people arc largely Americans; many of them of German, Irish and Jewish extraction. 

Activities. Co-operation in many of the city movements for better 
housing, sanitary and social conditions; and through lectures and public work 
has helped to extend the neighborly philosophy behind the "Center" enter- 

Majntains in addition to the religious and charitable work of the church, Utiily. a 
weeklyindependent journal; apubliclibrary and reading room; kindergarten; educational 
department with weekly leclureson religion and literature; university extension lectures; 
classes in German and French: lectures and meetings of two independent women's clubs, 
the Arch£ Club and the Nik£ Club; classes in domestic science, manual training, gymna- 
sium for men and women, boys and girls; boys'club; entertainments, socials.elc. Summer 
Work. — Stated activities; some classes and lectures; gardening in connection with the 
City Garden Association: vacation home and summer school at Tower Hill, Spring 
Greene, Wisconsin. 

Residents. Women 11, men J. Volunteers. Women 5, men 3. Head Resi- 
OEKT. Jenkin Lloyd Jones, 1905-. 

Literkture. I. Authorised Statements. — Year Books of All Souls Church from 
1884-1906. Year Books of Lincoln Center, 1906-7-8-9 (especially 1907, Twenly-lifth 
Annual and a historical number). Various leaflets (to be obtained at the Center). 
Articles by the Head Resident in iscues of Unity. 

Association House 

(Formerly Y. W. C. A, Settlement) 
2150 West North Avenue (1906-}. Girls' Camp, Lake Delavan, III. Boys' 
Camp, Ridge Farm, Danville, 111. 
Established June, 1899. by the North Side Y, W. C. A. under the aus- 
pices of the American Committee of Y. W. C. Associations to carry on work 
among young women. The work was gradually expanded to include women, 
children, men, and boys. Purposes: "The establishment of a Christian center 
for all of the girts and boys, men and women who come within its radius. It is 


a place for social intercourse and for wholesome pleasure and relaxadon, as 
well as for helpfulness in many practical lines, but most of all a place where the 
Lord Jesus is the center of all life. The strength and hope of Association House 
is in the witness of those who have found in Him the controlling power of iheir 
lives. It rejoices in its members who have gone back to their homes, iheii 
churches and their places of employment, taking this power with them." 

Incorporated 1899 "to carry on a gospel settlement work." Maintained 
by subscriptions- 

Neigkborhood. Elston Avenue to Kedzie Avenue, Fullerton Avenue to Erie 
Street. Population, 3;o,ooa; under ii years, 115,000. Foreigners. 17^,000. Poli^, 
41.000; Bohemian, 8,000: Italian, ],;oo: English, j,8oo; Greeks,; Jewish, )],ooo: 
German, I), ;ao; Irish, 8.000; Hollanders, 1.700; Danish, 3,600; Norwegian and Swedish, 

Matkt^ins kindergarten; playground; milk station; library and reading room; 
rummage sale; gymnasium for girls and women, men and boys; domestic science, includ- 
ing cooking, dressmaking, millinery, embroidery; educational work in mechanical drawing; 
electriciiy; cobbling: pyrography; manual training; photography; printing; sign 
painting; chorus and orchestra; extension religious work in nearby shops. Many clubi 
with religious, social, literary, educational and industrial aims; Bible classes; various 
religious services; enlerlainments. lectures, etc. Summer IVotk. — Playground with 
supervision; shower baths; day outings and picnics; vacations In Association House; 
cottage for young women; camp for boys and men. 

Former Locations. 474 West North Ave., 1899-1906; 575 West North Ave., 

Residents. Women 16. men a. Volunteers. Women jo, men 6. Head Resi- 
dents. MissC. Y. Morse, 1899; Eliiabeth P. Hyalt. rgoo; Carrie B, Wilson. 1900-1910; 
Mary L Atkins, July, 1910-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Association House. March, 1901 (Con- 
tains history to dale) — Association House. Match. 1905 — Leaflet. December. 1906 — 
Association House Views — Leaflet, 1906-7 — Publishes Association House Rrriav 
(monthly). See i. No. 1 {Sept., igog.and Oct., 1909). Stiaho: Wilson. Eliiabeth: Asso- 
ciation Students in Residence. The Evangel. (Apply at house) — CommoHi, ix : 110 
(May. 1904) — Bill. Ingram E.: An Evangelist at Association House. (Apply at house) 
— Holt, Ellen: Association House. (Apply at house) — By Atebet Road, Dec.. 1907, 

Ci;ntral Settlement (Methodist) ^H 

(Open Church) ^H 

1409 Wabash Avenue ^^| 

Settlement features added in 1903 as an outgrowth of the social work 
of the church to "assist in and supplement the work of the church." 

Neiohborhooo. The church is located in a boarding and lodging house section, 
near the "Tenderloin" district, where there are few families. 

Maintains. In addition to the religious services there is a coffee house and noon- 
day rest tor factory operatives; reading room: dispensary; Open Church rummage sales; 
wood yard; rescue work for women and men: boys" athleiic clubs: girls' cl as 
and cooking: entertainments, lectures and concerts. 

Residents. Rev. C. A. Kelly and family. 

Chase House (Episcopal) 
637 West Forly-lhird Street {1907-) 

Established 1907, by the rector of St. Paul's Church " to provide social 
work for parish as well as to meet the needs of a much neglected community." 

Neiqkborkood. East of slock yards in Chicago. The people are preilominanlly 
Irish but there are also many Jews. 

Maintains library; gymnasiuin classes for boys and children; classes in sewing and 
cooking; social clubs, entertainments, etc. SumiKcr H'ork. — Vacations for boys. 

Former Location. 4444 Emerald Ave. (1907.) 

Residents. Women i, men i. Volunteers, Women 30, men 5. Head Resi- 
dent. Waller Pond. 

Chicago Hebrew Institute 
1258 West Taylor Street 

Founded 1906. "The Chicago Hebrew Institute has as its object the 
creation for the local Jewish community of a center from which shall radiate all 
forces for the betterment of social conditions, civic, moral and intellectual. Its 
doors are to be kept wide open for the young and old of both sexes. Democracy 
is to be there maintained and charity eliminated by the fact that each member 
is to become a participant in its maintenance. At the Institute there are to be 
nurtured the Jew's inborn feelings of initiative and self-dependence by offering 
him facilities to acquire proficiency in honest and sustaining occupations. The 
Institute is to be the rallying place of the immigrant in search of true American 
citizenship, and under its roof are to be shellcre<J opportunities for advancement 
in everything that schools, libraries, laboratories, reading, class and club rooms, 
music and lecture halls and gymnasium can afford. The Institute is. further- 
more, to provide healthy amusement as well as useful instruction in the arts and 
sciences, to build up the mind as well as the body, and to train the hands as 
well as the hearts of Jewish girls and boys. The Institute is to be a People's 
Palace maintained for the people, used and governed by the people. It will 
permit no bounds to limit the sphere of its usefulness for the community." 

"The Chicago Hebrew Institute is an institution which is Jewish and Jewish- 
American. It serves the large masses of our people who came and arc still 
coming to this city to establish themselves on the new soil, to make their in- 
herent moral and intellectual forces work under the new conditions, to blend 
the strong individuality of the Jew with the noble features of the American, to 
help them to become American Jews." Supported by subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. Located in ihe Jewish immigrant quarter. 

Maintains People's Synagogue; Hebrew library; lectures; classes in music and 
an; night school for immigrants; trade school with classes in plumbing, steam-filting, 
carpentry, eieclrical work, sheel iron and metal work, pattern making, brick laying, and 
mechanical drawing; classes in manual training and music, including orchestra and band; 
boys' gymnasium and club room; classes in domestic arts; lectures on social problems, 
Jewish history: Sabbath school; lectures in Yiddish; dancing classes and socials. SumtiuT 
Work. — Playground; kindergarten; gardening; classes in sewing, slory telling, games, etc. 


Head Worker. David Blauslein, Fall, 1909-Fall, 1910; jmeph Pedolt. F«b.i, 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Prospectus 1907-8 — Our Programme, 
Address by Dr. E. A, Fischkin, Chicago Hebrew Inslitule, 1909. Ste alto: Lipsky, Harry 
A.: Citixen Making in Chicago, Cbar. and Commons, xv : 881-8S4 (Mar. 17. 1906) — 
Hungry School Children in Chicago. Cbar. and Commam, xxi : 93-96 (Oct. 17, igofl). 


Christopher House (Presbyterian) 
1538 East Fullerton Avenue {1907-) 

Established May, 1907, by the First Presbyterian Church of Evansl 
as the outgrowth of a mission Sunday school, "for social and religious work." 
Aims: "To provide a social, religious and educational neighborhood center." 

Neickborhood. a mixed factory and lenemenl quarter. The neighbors 
German, Polish, Servian, Hungarian, Bohemian, and Irish, 

Activities. Instrumental in securing a municipal playground, a ml 
pal bath house, a boys' club, an investigation of unsanitary tenements. 

Maintains kindergarten; modified milk slaiion: library; classes in English. 
sewing, cooking, home hygiene, music, basket and hammock weaving, pottery, drawing, 
hammered brass and copper, rug making, stenciling, millinery, gymnastics, manual train- 
ing; clubs with athletic, literary and social aims; lectures, concerts and sodals. 
Sunday school; evening religious service; Bible classes, etc. Sumnur ffork. — Playground 
{on neighborhood vacant lot); infant hygiene work; backyard gardens; flower distribu- 
tion; excursions and picnics; vacations in co-operation with Fresh .Mr agencies. 

Residents. Women 4. Volunteers. Women 34, men 11. H 
Gertrude E, Gritrnh, 190&-. 

Literature. Authoriied Statements. Calendars and pamphli 
"The Field and the Force," the organ of the church. 


iK are 


s. ^H 


Emerson House (Congregational) 
1802 Emerson Avenue (1910-) 

Established September 1 , 1910," by several residents of the neighborhood, 
together with a number outside; Warren Avenue Church being especially 

Neighborhood. "A large number of factories of various kinds. The population 
is varied, formerly largely Irish, German, Scandinavian, but the better class have gone 
farther out and large numbers of Italians, Polish and other immigrants have taken Ihdi 
places. The nearest school reports forty nationalities." 

MAiNTAiNslibrary and reading room; manual training; domestic 
meetings: woman's club: various clubs for children and young people. 

Residents. Women 3, men t. Volunteers. Women 16, mei 

Halsted Street Institutional Church Social Center (Methi 

Halsted and Twentieth Streets 

FouNDEi> October, 1903, to develop and strengthen the work of the 

church. "The function of the institutional church is two-fold. First, to do 




what every other church of its denomination does in the way of spiritual minis- 
tration, — to seek the conversion of its constituency and their union with the 
church. It has a more definite aim than the mere creation of a neighborhood 
atmosphere, for it seelts to get men definitely to acknowledge allegiance to 
Jesus Christ as IVlastcr. It generally works, however, in soil that is not fertile, 
and men, instead of expecting greater results than are realized in churches more 
fortunately placed, should expect a much smaller return. The second function 
of the institutional church is that of pure charity,^a guileless investment for 
Christ's sake." 

"An institutional church is a combination of church and settlement. It 
is a church socialized and a settlement evangelized. It does all thai the church 
attempts in religious work, and all that the settlement seeks in the way of 
broad humanitarian charity, carrying on a gospel of evangelization and educa- 
tion, of spirit and of life. It aims to change not only hearts but environment 
as well; it ministers not only to the soul but to the body also." 

Neichbokhood, "Within this territory, embracing one square mile, there is a 
population of from };,ooo to 40,000. 

" Racially this is perhaps one of the most cosmopolitan populations in America. 
In an hour's strol! one may look into the faces of Germans, Bohemians, Bulganani, Irish, 
Scotch, Swedes, Norwegians, Danes, Lithuanians, Slovaks, Poles, Hungarians, Creeks 
and Jews, The census of the Bureau of Education gives thirty different nationalities 
within the 9th and loth Wards, in which our district lies. Perhaps the predominant 
races are Germans and Bohemians, but of iaie Auslro-Hungarian and Russian peoples 
are rapidly taking possession of our northern and eastern territory. Only one in twenty- 
six of our population is born of native parents." 

Maintains reading room; lunch room; dispensary; gymnasium; boys' club; 
classes in dreismaking, gymnastics (women and men, young people and children in groups); 
sewing school; women's club; young people's groups and children's clubs. Church ser- 
vice; many midweek meetings of religious caste; evangelistic services; lectures and 
entertainments. The Ninth Ward Improvement Association and Branch No, a of the 
Juvenile Protective League meet at the church. Summer Wori. ^Vacation Bible school; 
ice and flower distribution; vacations in co-operarion with denominational and secular 
Fresh Air cottages. 

Head Residents. Rev. D. D. Vaughn, i^io; J. B. Martin, 1910-, 

Literature. Christian Cosmopolilau, viii, No, 6 (Oct., 1905); ix, No, 5, (Aug., 
1906) — By Arcbir Road, Jan,, 1907 — Year Book, 1908 — Tbt Mtsunger, Oct.. 1908. 

Institutional Church and Social Settlement 

(Dearborn Center) 
3825 Dearborn Street 
Established 1900. by the African Methodist Episcopal Church, "to 
better conditions among the poor of all classes." Incorporated, June, 1900. 
Maintained by voluntary con Iribu lions. 

Maintains chapel Sunday school; kindergarten; day nurseiy; kitchen garden; 
sewing; cooking; girls' club; gymnasium; choral study club; social times. 

Head Residents. R.C. Ransom, D.D.; J. M.Townsend, D.D.; A. J.Carey, D.D 


Maxwell Street Settlement (Jewish) 
1214 South Clinton Street 

Established November 11, 1893, by Jacob Abt and Jesse Lowentu 
" to afford opportunity for personal fellowship and to be of some social service." 
The first work for young men and boys was expanded as a broader circle of 
people were interested. Maintained until 1906 by private subscriptions; after 
1906 by private subscription and the Associated Jewish Charities. 

Neiokhohkood. In a highly congesteJ and induslrially exploiieJ Jewish quatUr. 

Activities. CoHDperation in securing better paving; more adequate 
street lighting: better sanitary service; a public bath and public play center. 

Maintains library; reading room; savings service; study room for chilJren; noon 
rest room for factory operative;; night kKooI; houwkeeping center; cooking; sewing; 
music (chorus, piano); dancing. An industrial school close by provides crafts work and 
gymnasium. The a center for many clubs, some of them independent, with musi- 
cal, educational, culiural, dramatic, economic, and social interests. Many parlies, socials, 
etc. SHmmer Wort.— Meetings; story hour; vacations in co-operation with Fresh Ait 
agencies, two bus outings for neighborhood women and children every week during the 
summer; picnics. 

FoKMEN Locations, 185 Maxw-ell St.. 1893-1896; ayo Maxwell Si,, 1896-1906, 

Residents. Womeii 4. Volunteers. Women 49, men 33, Head Resioem 
Jacob j. Abt, 1893-1897; Aaron Rosenthal, 1897-1900; Miss Mount, I90i-i9cq; ] 
Cleveland, (90J-1904; Miss Clark, 1904-1905; Miss E, Heller, 1905-. 

Literature. I. AtiTHORiZEo Statements, Announcements, circulars, eK.^ 
Plans for College Selllement Classes. November, 1893 — Outline of Clubs and Claw 
September, 1894 — Outline ot Clubs and Classes, September, 1910, See also: 
Street Settlement, Proipetl Union Rev., i. No, 3 (Apr. 18, 1894). II. Social Studies bi 
Residents. Abt, Jacob J.: The Settlement and Education. Proceedings of the Twenfir 
IhirdNat. Conf. ofChar, andCorr,, 1896 — Ma;twell Street, Chicago. Cami 

Neighborhood Guild (Episcopal) 
3512 Wentworth Avenue 

Established December 18, 1906. by the Christ Reformed Episcopal 
Church as the outgrowth of a Sunday school and mission "for religious and 
social work." Maintained principally by members of the church. 

Neichsorhood. a mixed factory and tenement district. The neighbors are 
Austrian, Bohemian, German, and Italian, 

Maintains Sunday school; library; classes in dressmaking, sewing, cooking, milli- 
nery, gymnasium; mothers' club; three girls' clubs; boys' clubs: relief work. Snminit 
tfork. — Ice distribution; picnics and excursions; vacations in co-operation wiih Fresh 
Air agencies; a playroom maintained for little children. Flowers received for the Chic; 
Fkiwer Mission, 

Assistant Superintendent, Carrie A, Bradley. 





Olivet Institute (Presbyterian) 
Corner Veddcr and Penn Streets 

Olivet Memorial Church, Comer Veddcr and Penn Streets. Olivet House, 
701 Vedder Street. Olivet House Annex, 709 Vedder Street. Olivet Dispensary, 
717 Veddet Street. Olivet Old Ladfes' Home, 668 Gardner Street. Olivet Old 
Men's Home, r233 Penn Street. Olivet Club House, 713 Vedder Street. 

Established 1898, by Rev. Norman B. Barr, the outgrowth of institu- 
tional work begun in 1895 by the Rev. N. B. Q. Gallway. "The aim of the 
institute is to be a Christ to its community, ministering His truth through the 
life as well as through thetips, through deeds as well as declarations." Supported 
by the free will offerings of the community, about one-fifth of the present 
budget, the remainder by contributions of organizations and individuals. 

Neiohborkood. "The Olivet Institute Parish is the mile square of the lower 
iKtrth side of the city, including the districts hitherto known as the River District, Goose 
Island and Little Hell. 

" The populaiion is 'foreign born,' and their children in the public school are repre- 
sentatives of [he community of twenty-four distinct nationalities, of which the following, 
in the order named, predominate: Germans, Italians, Scandinavians. Irish. Bohemians, 
Poles, Hungarians, Negroes, Jews, The Italian is the increasing naiionality, driving out 
the Germans and Scandinavians. Romanism and the Lutheran form of Proiestantism 
are almost the exclusive religious types, and for Ihe most part are the prejudices rather 
than the religious professions of the people. The population is strictly working class, 
earning its bread for the most part In the coarser forms of service, with labor the poorest 
paid, therefore the communily is reckoned the 'poorest.' " 

Activities. "The institution has exerted a wide and deep influence upon 
the community in the testimony of those who know, wonderfully changing the 
moral complexion. Through the Public Welfare Club the selling of liquor to 
minors has been practically eradicated, restilting in the closing of four saloons 
in the community in the past three years. As a result of further activity, city 
laws affecting the community are enforced, the garbage and street cleaning 
service enforced adequately. This club was largely instrumental also in lo- 
cating in our community a large playground park last year," 

Maintains, "for five years the athletic department was conducted with gym- 
nasium, game room, living room, baths and baseball field. Discontinued in 1909 owing 
to the establishment of a park and playground. We still have baseball and indoor basket 
ball teams. The educaiional department has a savings fund; kindergarten circulating 
library; weekly lecture course; printing press; woman's club; sewing school; cooking 
school; music school; manual training school; a variety of clubs; six weeks' summer 
vacation school; an orchestra, band, and three choruses; instruction given in expressioa. 
In the religious department, besides the regular congregational worship, two services on 
the Sabbath and noon meetings conducted during the winter in Ihe shops, three per week, 
and upon the street every evening of the week during the summer. There is a catectiism 
■chool; Bible school; six Endeavor societies; four classes per week in training for church 
membership; two missionary societies; Brotherhood; Ladles' Aid Society; ten Thursday 
circles for religious instruction; union service; a neighborhood Bible class; all of these 


meeting each week except the missionary societies. In the relief departmeniwMiSv^i 
dispensary with a graduate nurse in constant service in the community, alleiiding the 
physicians at dispensary hours and calling upon patients in the community other hours of 
the day and night. Seven physicians have appointments each week in various branches 
of surgery and medicine and render (tee service. There is an old people's home with nint 
women and five men inmates. A mutual insurance company with one hundred members 
pays dealh and sick benefits. A general aid society of which the deacons' board of the 
church is a part, furnishes special relief in emergencies. Through a loan fund, gift fund, 
coal fund, second-hand goods room, employment bureau, and burial plot in cemetery, 
relief if given, and a medical auxiliary also furnishes necessities and delicacies for the 
sick. The outing department has six acres of properly, 175 feet shore line, at Lake 
Geneva, Wisconsin, with five cottages, dining hall, and twenty tents with conveniences 
for caring for pay guests and free guests, profits of the pay guests being used to defray the 
expenses of the free guests," 

Residents. Women 9, men 3, children j. Volunteers, Women on the field 
3j; off the field a8. Men on the field 34; off the field jg. Head Resident- Norman 
E. Barr, 1897-. 

St. Elizabeth Settlement (Catholic) 
517 Orleans Street 

St. Mary's Settlement (Catholic) 
656 West 44th Street 


le community 

Union Avenue Parish House (Methodist) 
(G. F, Swift Memorial) 
4356 Union Avenue 
Founded [906, for "institutional religious work, and to aid the c( 
morally, mentally and religiously." 

Neichbohkood, In the packing house district. The neighbors are largely Irish 
and American. 

Maintains religious services; library; gymnasium; bowling alleys: clubs foryoung 
men and boys; classes in cooking, elocution, sewing, art, etc. 
Head Residents. Rev. P, S, Lent and family, 


Chase Avenue Settlement House (Center) ^M 

1 06 Chase Avenue 
Founded September, 1903, by the Joliet Federation of Women's Clubs 
"to help the children of foreigners who work in the mills of the Illinois Steel 
Company," Supported by the Women's Club and by subscriptions. 
Neighborhood. Mill district of the steel works. 
Maintains kindergarten; classes in domestic science, 
millinery, basket weaving, etc. 

For information address Mrs, J. J. Gaskill, 407 W. Mar 

lal training, sewm^^^ 




Neighborhood House 
2000 South Washington Street (1909-) 

Established November, 1909, as an outgrowth of a mission Sunday 
school. Maintained by the Peoria Betterment Association. 

Neighborhood. An industrial neighborhood in the center of breweries, distilleries, 
cattle bams, stock yards, packing houses, and cooper shops. The population Is German- 
American, Hungarian, Syrian, and American. 

Maintains day nursery; kindergarten: dispensary: visiting nurse; library: 
classes In sewing, cooking, manual training, and millinery; boys' and giris' clubs. 

Residents. Women 3, men 1. Volunieess. Women 16, men 6. Head Resi- 
dent. Winifred H, Lyford, 1909-. 


Cheerful Home Settlement 

431 Jersey Street 

Established February, 1903, by the Cheerful Home Association as an 
outgrowth of social work begun in 1886 by Cornelia A. Collins in the parlors of 
the Presbyterian Church. The association aims "to promote right living, thrift, 
and happiness, by means of instruction in useful knowledge, industrial train- 
ing, wholesome recreation and friendly visits." 

NeiCHBORKOoo. The people are largely of German extraction. 

Activities. The house was instrumental In securing a probation officer, deten- 
tion rooms tor juvenile ofTenders. the enforcement of the anti-spiiiing and curfew ordin- 
ances, an increased appropriation for the city library, etc. 

Maintains day nursery; kindergarten: library; woman's club; girls' and boys' 
clubs; sewing school; manual training; gymnasium and athletic work; baths; rummage 
sales; entertainments, lectures, parties and socials, Smnnn' Wwi.^Boys' camp. 

Residents, Women 1, Head Residents. Clara L, Adams, Feb., 1903'June, 
190S; Paul II. Melcalf. May, I90}-June, igoS; Annelte Kimball. 1908-. 

Literature. Authorued Statements. Report, 1906 (contains history). 


Association House 
6}7 Seventeenth Street 
Established March 1, 1910, under the auspices of the Associated Chari- 
ties to be "an emergency home and an industrial and social center for women 
and girls. Also to be a social center for boys. It is non-sectarian and is sup- 
ported wholly by voluntary contributions." 

NEiGHaoRHQOD. We are working especially with the boys of the neighborhood, 
who are in large proportion the sons of poor working women. 

Maintains assistance for the needy; lodging for women, young girts and children; 
day nursery; kindergarten: sewing school; women's physical culture club; boys' clubs. 
Women a. Volunteers. Women la, Supt. Dina Ramser, 1910-. 



The Gary Settlement (Presbyterian) 

1525 Washington Street (igio-) 

Established January i. 1910, by the First Presbyterian Church "for the 

purpose of assisting the foreigners of the city to learn American ways, and to 

uplift them mentally, morally, and physically." Maintained by the church and 

the Women of the Synod of Indiana. 

Neiohborhood. The people are Poles, 5laV9, Greeks, Hungarians, Roumanians, 

Maintains library and residing room; night school; sewing classes for girls and 

women including dressmaking; domestic science; Sunday school and religious service. 

Heao Workeb. Rev. B. M. Baligrodzki, 1910-. 


ey 10 

Christamore: The College Settlement (Undenominational 

(Formerly Butler College Settlement, April, 1905-Aprii, 1906) 
1726-1728 Columbia Avenue (1907- and 1909-} 

Established April i, 1905, by Anna C. Stover and Edith D, Surbey " 
promote interest in college settlement work, to initiate and further educational 
and philanthropic enterprises, to investigate and improve existing conditions, 
and to provide centers for a higher civic-social and religious life by the establish- 
ment and maintenance of college settlement work and houses in the industrial 
districts of Indianapolis." 

Neighborhood. The neighborhood is a tenement quarter built up near a great 
industrial plant. The people are largely of Indiana- American stock, and mainly Pnitet- 

Maintains kindergarten; public bath; library and reading room; station of 
trained nurse; loan closet; clothing sales; classes in cooking, housekeeping, sewing; 
clubs for adults, young people, and children, with social and literary aims. All clubs and 
classes open with Bible teaching and prayer service. Socia.!s, entertainments, etc. 5kih- 
wur Work. — Garden and yard contests. 

Former Locations. 1718 Arsenal Ave., April, i9o;-Oet,, 1(105; 1910-1912 Co- 
lumbia Ave,, Oct., igoi-Oct., 1907; 1753 Yandes St., Residents' Cottage, 1907-19 


Stover, April, 1905-. 

Literature. Authoriied Statemi 

Volunteers. Women 6. Head Resident. Anna C. 

Reports 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 191D. 

Planner Guild 
875 CoUon Street 

Established March 6, 1889, as the outgrowth of a neighborhood work 
conducted by the Charity Organization Society on Indiana Avenue for the 
children of the western part of the city. It was found inexpedient to have 
colored and white children attending the same institution, and Frank W. 
Planner gave the cottage at 819 Rhode Island Street as a neighborhood house 
for colored boys and girls exclusively. 

In 1900 the work ran down from lack of funds, but was re-established in 
1903 under a new board as "an institution for the industrial and moral uplift 
of colored girls and boys." Supported by a grant from the county and by pri- 
vate subscriptions and fees. 

Neighborhood. A tenement district of imall cotlagej, inhabited largely by 
colored people. 

Maintains day nursery; maternity home for wayward girls; boys' and girls' dubs; 
choral society for adults; lectures and entertainments; religious and devotional services. 
SHnmur Wijfk.— Vacant lot gardening and athletics for boys. 

Location. 875-^1-835-885 Colton Si. (formerly called 819 Rhode Island Ave.). 

Residents. Women 1, men 1. Volunteers. Women 14, men 8. Head Resi- 
dents. B. J. Morgan, 1889-1906; Gertrude Guthrie, July, 1906-. 

Literatnre. Occasional reports. 


TtiRRE Haute Social Settlement 
24 North First Street (1896-) 

Established March 6, 1896, by Judge D. N. Taylor, "to elevate the 
community in the section where the settlement is located and to be a home 
center for the neighborhood." "The purpose for which this association is 
organized is to give moral instruction, manual and mental training, and to 
engage in charitable and benevolent work in the city of Terre Haute, Indiana." 
Incorporated, Sept. lo, 1909. Supported by annual pledges. 

Neichhorhood. a mixed factory and tenement quarter of wage-earners. The 
people are largely American. 

Maintains library; magazine distribution; visiting nurse; loan close i; industrial 
insurance; savings; coal station: rummagesales; classes in cooking, embroidery, sewing, 
physical culture and manual training; clubs for women. Sumtmr Work. — Playground; 
children's gardens; summer school with various classes. 

Residents. Women 3. men a. Volunteers. Women 10, men 3. Head Resi- 
dents, Mary T. MtComb, 1896-1901; Eliza Bowen Warren, 1901-. 

Literature. Authoriied Statements. Head resident's Annual Report. 

and reading n 


The Neighborhood House 
513 Easl i3lh Street (1910-) 
EsTABLTSHED September T4, igio, by St. Mark's Parish, "as a non-4< 
[arian social center for the neighborhood." Aims "to furnish a suitable and 
attractive environment for young people, and to work for more just social con- 
ditions." The work is self-supporting. 

Neighborhood. A neighborhood of working people in average circuinitances. 
A mixed population wilh great possibilities. 

5 large gymnasium for all classes; bath rooms: branch of the cily library 
■n: play room for children: classes in domestic science; lecture), cnlcf' 
atic society, and lilerary clubs; social club for men. Summer Worl — 
Will consist of tennis and other ouidoor games; cross-country expeditions for boys. 

Residents. Men a. Head Resident. Thomas Casady. ^^^ 

The Roadside Settlement ^^| 

S. E. Seventh and Scott Streets C1906-) ^^H 

Established October, 1896, by the Union of King's Daughters, as an 
outgrowth of a small day nursery begun in 1891. In 1899 the management 
was turned over to an independent, incorporated association of men and women. 

Neighborhood, June 18, 1906,. the settlement moved into a specially constmcied 
building in a new neighborhood. (Description of work in previous location given below.) 
This district, containing about live [tiousand inhabitants and known locally as the South- 
east Bottoms, is cut olT by physical and social barriers from the rest of the city and his 
had but little conscious community life of its own. The people are largely American bom, 
the second generation of Scandinavian and German immigrants. There is a sprinkling of 
Irish, Swiss and a little colony of lately arrived Syrians. 

"The people of the Southeast Bottoms are not criminal or vicious as a class. Many 
of them are poor, some are shiftless and lazy, . . but there are a great number of 
hard-working people who are earning small wages and trying to bring up their families 
decently and honestly. The neighborhood as a whole is discouraged. This part of the 
town has been neglected, . , . There Is no park nearby, the water supply is limited, 
the unjust animus of living below the dead hne is on us. We are cut off by the railway 
tracks and the river from the rest of the city. This inaccessibility lessens the feeling of 
pride and civic responsibility. The floods four and five years ago seriously affected many. 
.... Even when wages are fair and regularly earned and paid, there is small margin 
after rent, fuel, food and clothing for a family are provided." Report, 1907. 

Activities. Maintains and supervises a public playground for the city, 
and was instrumental in securing the ruling which allows the public use of school 

playgrounds in cases where private agencies agree to provide supervision, [n 
1907 (with the co-operation of ihe Board of Education) opened a night school 
for foreigners in a neighboring public school, and though the work has now been 
assumed by the city the settlement supervises the school and supplies some 
- volunteer teaching. The first kindergarten on the East Side was opened by the 
board of education in the settlement house in 1907, since which time kinder- 
gartens have been established in the schools. Since 1908 the board of education 
has maintained evening classes in manual training in the settlement (or boys 
who have [eft the public school before manual training began. 

MAINT.MNS headquarlers of the Visiling Nursing Associjiiun; day nursery; em- 
ployment agency; public baths; public wash house; dispensary and free clinic; kinder- 
garten; station of the public library; savings bank; gymnasium; sewing school; classes 
in cooking, dressmaking, embroidery, manual training: chorus class; children's singing 
classes: two dramatic clubs; men's club room; clubs for women, young people and chil- 
dren. Sunday afternoon concerts and lectures, SHmauT Ifork.—The house is used by 
the board ot education for a vacation school; school gardens; picnics and excursions; 

Previous Location. 730 Mulberry Street. Sept., 1896-June. 1905. 

The house was "close lo Ihe business center, adjoining a district of railroad em- 
ployes, and not lar away from a region called 'below the dead line,'" 


Organized September, 1907. The Branch is supported by Jewish people, 
though the work is organized as a department of the settlement with a resi- 
dent in charge of the details. 

The board of education gives the use of school building with light, heal, and pari 
lime janitor service. Twelve nationalities are represented; about three-fourths of the 
enrollment are Russian Jews. During the first year a night school, sewing school, boys' 
club, embroidery class and a girls' club were maintained. The following year [he board of 
education paid a supervisor for the night school, a mothers' club was added, and a room 
was rented for a gymnasium. In 1909-10 the board of education paid a supervisor and 
two teachers for the nighi school, the settlement providing Ihe volunteer leachcrs. Two 
larger rooms were rented for the gymnasium and a boys' club. Outings for women and 
children have been given for two summers and a playground maintained for Ihe same 
length of lime. A friend gave Ihe use of the land, the city put up a fence, swings, a tent, 
and some other smnll equipment, and the settlement provided the supervisor. About six 
hundred people are enrolled in ihis Branch work. 

Maintained day nursery; district nurse; women's club; library; chorus class; 
sewing school and social clubs. 

Residents. Women 11. men 4. Volunteers. Women 40, men 14. Head 
Residents. Clara Adams, 1898-1901; Mrs. N. H. Weeks. 1901-1904; Lucy Billing, 
1904-190^; Flora Dunlap, Sept., 1905-. 

Literature. Authoki/ed Statements. Report for 1907-08 — Report for 1908- 
09 — The Roadside Settlement House (Undated) — Report, 19OJ-1907- 1908-1909, 
5« also: Roadside House Settlement. Commont, Aug., 1897, pp. 3-4 — Two Settle- 
ments in Smaller Cities. Chariliti, xiw : 708 (May 6, 1905). 


Uncle Sam's Club (Undenominational Center) 

(Formerly College House) 

615 Pearl Street 

Established February i, 1895. "The club is in charge of a board com- 
posed of two members chosen from the college (Grinnell College) faculty and 
two members appointed by the city council. These members add to their 
number as they may choose from the residents of the town. At the present 
time there are two ministers in town who are members of the board." Supported 
by subscription, gifts from the different churches and women's clubs, and the 
Christian Associations of the college. 

Neighborhood. "The district in which the house is located is known as Southwest 
Grinnell. None of the aggravated social conditions so common in large city centers exist 
there. The large portion of the poor of the town live in that section." 

Maintains. " The work is of various kinds. A flourishing Sunday school has been 
maintained almost from the beginning, and there are classes in manual training and in 
cooking and sewing. The house is used for various social purposes by the people of the 
neighborhood, and at times for mothers' meetings and other meetings of that type which 
are intended to bring together representatives of all parts of the city. College students 
give their services freely to carry on the different classes in the Sunday school." 

Former Residents (covering period of two years). Rev. Mr. Fiske and wife; 
W. R. Raymond; J. W. Pinar; Geo. R. Lockwood; G. P. Wycoff. 

Literature. Uncle Sam's Bugle. Published by Boys' Club. 


Settlement School (Center) 

Founded February, 1910, by ihe Citizens' Improvement Association "to 
provide a kindergarten, baths, reading room and social places of meeting for 
young people in the northwest end of the city." Maintained by the Citizens' 
Improvement Association. 

Neich BOH HOOD. "On road to saw mills, distillfry, and hemp mills." 

AcTJViTiES. "Saloons closed at earnest solicitation of organization, co- 
operating with ministers and Business Men's Club, on account of illicit con- 
duct of same." 

Maintains kindergarten; balhs; library; savings bank; classes in sewing, reading 
drawing and music; clubs for women, young people and children; lectures and socials. 

Workers. Women 3. men a. Head Wokkek. Rebecca Averill, igio-. 


W. C. T. U. Settlement School (Undenominational) 

(Formerly The Log Cabin Social Selllement) 

Founded June, 1902 (school opened August 5. 1903), by the Kentucky 
W. C. T. U., "to raise Ihe standard of the public school; to have a model home, 
always open to neighbors; to elevate and encourage wholesome social life." 
"The work is inter-denominational, but strongly Christian, assisting in the 
church and Sunday school work." Incorporated. 

NeicHBORKOOD, "In 3 beautiful valley at the Forks of the Troublesome Creek, 
forty-five miles across Ihe mountains and up narrow, rough streams, from Ihe railroad, lies 
Ihe village of Hindman, in Knott County, Kentucky, the most illiterate county in all the 
southern mountains. The main street winds along the Troublesome Creek, the church at 
one end and the school at the other. The valley is very narrow and the sleep mountain 
sides go straight up from Ihe creek. The school property consists of ihree acres of ground. 
The men of the county paid $700 for two acres of this land, and gave it as an inducement 
to have this school at Hindman. The neighbors are of Anglo-Saxon. French Huguenot 
ancestry. There are few outsiders — no foreigners, no Negroes, A fire on January aa, 
igio, destroyed our two largest buildings, the school house and settlement house. 

"The past few months have been occupied with building. Thecitiacns of Hindman 
and Knoll County raised fijooo with which they purchased for us a farm of over fifty 
acres just across the creek from our old grounds. The citizens will also secure (or us a 
house and lot adjoining for S900. We have erected a splendid new school house and school 
began August ig with over two hundred pupils. 

"In a few weeks we shall have completed three other buildings. Our plant will 
then consist of school house, dining room building, cottage for small girls, cottage for small 
boys, cottage for large boys, cottage for teachers and girls, power house and work shop." 



Activities. The selllement through its graduates has ^een aUi 
raise the standard of teaching in the mountains. 

Maintains a kindergarlen; primary, intermediile and high school depanmenK, 
an industrial section; leaching machine work, woodwork; sewing, cooking, baskelry, 
weaving, school gardening and nursing; resident district nurse; library: social meetings; 
incJustrial classes: clubs with literary, dramatic, athletic and social aims; temperance 
meetings. The house encourages the arts of spinning and weaving coverlets, bbnkets. 
linsey-woolsey, and baskelry, and sells the products for the people. Summer Work.— 
Kindergarten; sewing; cooking; basketry; weaving; gardening; nursing; literary clubs; 
social clubs. 

Buildings. School house and tented cottage. 1903-1903, Log workshop, Oct.. 
190}. Large log settlement house, Aug., 1905. (All above destroyed by fire except 
cottage, Nov. 10, 190;.) New log settlement house, school house, workshop combineil 
with power house for steam heat and electric lights; loom house for spinning and weaving, 
August. 1906, School house destroyed by fire. Nov, 19, 1906, New school house, August. 
1907. Small hospital, August. 1909, (School house and settlement house destroyed by 
fire, Jan. aa, rgio.) Citizens presented farm of 55 acres with one cottage, also lot and 
house, April, jgio. New buildings: School house; building for laundry, kitchen, dining 
room; cottage for small girls; cottage for small boys; cottage for teachers and girls. 
Summer, 1910, 

Resibents. Women 11, men 1. Volunteers. Women j. Head Residents. 
Katherine R. Petlit and May Stone, 1903-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Pamphlets, printed from lime to time — 
Hlndman School. Kentucky Wbile Rilrbon (published at Morehead), vii, No. 7 (Oct.. 
1904) — Pamphlets, 1909, Jan., 1910. Set also: Semple, Ellen C: A New Departure 
in Social Selllemenls. Arat.of Aout. Acad. 0} Pol. andSot.Sci., xv : 301 (March, 1900) — 
Social Settlements In the Mountains of Kentucky. Herald (Lexington, Ky.), Apr. 8. 1900 
— Daingerfield, Henderson: Social Settlement and Education Work in the Kentucky 
Mountains, Jour, of Soc. Set., xxmk : 176 (1901) — Hill. Mary Anderson; Social Settle- 
meni Work in the Kentucky Mountains. (Condensed from Miss Petilt's report) Commoni, 
vii, No. 70 (May, 190a) — West, Max: The Revival of Handicrafts in America (Hlnd- 
1, p, IS8;). Bureau of Labor Bull,, No, ;j (Nov., 1904). 


Neighborhood House ^^ 

428 South First Street {1902-) 
Established September 1, 1897, by Archibald A. Hill and Lucy Belknap 
as the outgrowth of a boys' club begun in September, 1896, and carried on 
in two rooms in an old saloon building, "to better the conditions of the neigh- 
borhood by studying the real needs, adapting the work to meet those needs and by 
co-operating with all institutions in the neighborhood in building up their own 
work." The settlement aims "to influence personal character by fumishitig, 
through its clubs, classes and other activities, a social and intellectual center 
for the neighborhood, and by a close personal touch with the neighbors through 
visiting and performing any neighborly office for which there is need; to improve 
Ihe environment by allying itself with organizations for civic improvement, 

whose benefits react on the neighborhood. In the matter of child tabor, tene- 
ment house and other reforms, the settlement is in a position to see the need of 
legislation and is therefore committed to this public work for the benefit of the 
whole community." 

In 1899 an advisory board of ten men and women, among whom were no 
distinctions of race or creed, was formed to act with the head resident. In 
1903 the house was incorporated, and the advisory board became a board of 

Maintained by subscriptions and a yearly grant from the Jewish Federated 

Neichborhood. The house is located in a thickly populated do*n-iown district. 
Many houses formerly occupied by the weli-lo-do have become lodging houses: and the 
settlement faces the double problem of a tenement and lodging house section. The major 
portion of the neighborhood is inhabited by Jewish immigrants (Russian, German, Rou- 
manian), though there are some Italians and backward American whiles. 

Activities. Instrumental in securing the erection of a public bath; 
investigated for the Consumers' League (1) ;oo applications for labor permits, 
the statistics used later in securing Kentucky's excellent Child Labor law, and (2) 
$39 relief cases to make the enforcement of the truancy law possible when it 
was first put in operation; co-operated with other organizations in building up 
the Associated Charities which then took charge of the relief work properly 
belonging to it; provided trained persons for probation work of the juvenile 
court, supervision of playgrounds, fresh air homes, and babies' milk fund associ- 
ations. Co-operated with a committee which secured a new tenement house law. 

Maintains milk station; public playground; library station; kindergarten: 
women's, boys' and girls' clubs: cooking; sewing and domestic arts: crafts work; play- 
room; dancing; dramatics; music; coaching backward children in public schools; 
classes for immigrants; sewing school; conceris, entertainments, etc. Siimmir Work.— 
Playground; excursions and vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. Served 
the Fresh Air homes as a registration bureau for the entire city. 

Former Locations. Comer Preston and Jefferson Sis.. Sept.. 1S96-1S97. 314 
East Jefferson St., 1897-190J. 

Residents. Women 8. Volontebrs. Women 107, men 17. Head Residents. 
Archibald Hill, [896-1899; Mary D. Anderson, 1899-1901; Charlotte Kimball, 1901-1901; 
M. Eleanor Tarrant, [90J-1905; Frances MacGregor Ingram, 190;-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements, Annual reports, 1898, 1899, 1900, 190^, 
1910. Sti also: Louisville Neighborhood House. CoBunoni, Nov.. 1S96. Neighborhood 
House. Commons, Feb., 1898. Neighborhood House, Commons, July. 1898, News 
llems. Cotniaani, Jan., igoo, and Feb., 1901. 

The Louisville Wesley House (Methodist) 

(Formerly the Louisville Settlement Home, i9a)-i9o6j 
809 East Main Street {1907-) 
Established September, 1903, by Mrs. Cross Alexander, president of 
the local board of home missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. 


"It is a Christian home organized to provide a center for reh'gious and philan- 
thropic work, in the interest especially of a considerable class in the east end of 
our city's population that is more or less unreached by the churches in their 
regular work. . . . The work is evangelical, and seeks not only to instruct 
but to regenerate." 

Neighborhood. A mixed factory and tenement neighborhood. The people are 
of German and American descent, with a few Swiss and Jews. The tone of the district 
is Protestant- Evangelical, there being only a limited number of Catholics. There is 
much poverty, overcrowding, intemperance, and employment of children. 

Maintains clinic; district nurse; pure milk station; legal aid; branch of the public 
library; rummage sale; story hour; classes in sewing, embroidery and cooking; boys', 
young women's, and mothers' club; Gospel services; cottage prayer meetings; mission 
study class and Sunday school; Epworth League. Summer IVork. — Picnics and excur- 
sions; pure milk station; vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Former Location. 834 E. Jefferson St. (1903-1907). 

Residents. Women 3. Volunteers. Women 25. Head Residents. Mary 
Ogilvie, 1903-1904; (Mrs.) Mary N. Carr, 1905; Josie Leverett, 1906; Mary Elizabeth 
Smith, 1907-Spring, 1 9 10; Ellen Douglas Gainey, Sept., 191 o-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Annual Reports of Women's Home 
Mission Society, M. E. Church South. 1904 ff. — See also: Our Homes (Published at 
Nashville, Tenn.), xvii. No. 10 (Oct., 1908); xvii. No. 2 (Feb., 1908); xviii. No. 4 
(April, 1909); xviii No. 8-9 (Aug.-Sept., 1909). 




I3D2 Annunciation Street 

Established October 19, 1899, by the union of two previously indepen- 
dent pieces of social service. In 1895 Dr. Beverly Warner, rector of Trinity 
Parish, started some boys' and girls' clubs in an old building on Tchoupitoulas 
Street, and ran them with the assistance of volunteers from his church. He 
had the settlement idea in mind though the scope of the work was necessarily 
limited. In 1898, Catherine Hardy, training teacher for the New Orleans 
Kindergarten Association, together with four friends, made a home at 1202 
Annunciation Street with the idea of carrying on settlement work in connection 
with a free kindergarten already established. This work and the club work 
were consolidated under the name of Kingsley House. The support of the 
venture fell on Dr. Warner and the parish, but as the effort was wholly un- 
sectarian in spirit and work, the Kingsley House Association was formed in 
October, 1903. to take over the work. Aims: 

"To do somewhat to raise the standard of living in this particular neigh- 
borhood by standing shoulder to shoulder with our neighbors and by helping 
them to work upon the conditions that operate against good living." "That 
we may have a part with our neighbor in so working upon these outward con- 
ditions that they may be in some degree changed or modified for the better is 
at once our highest duty and privilege. To make Kingsley House a neighbor- 
hood center, a place to which all are free to come, which all must help to take 
care of and be responsible for, because it is a place which all share in common." 
Report, 1903-4. 

Neic.mhorhood. a densely crowded factory and tenement district. At one time 
I fashionable quarter, the old houses have been turned into tenements and lodgingsi the 
yard spaces buill upon, and dark and unvcniilaled rooms multiplied. There are many 
unpaved streets, open gulters, and surface drainage, damp alleys and courts, a poor water 
lupply, great prevalence of tuberculosis. Illegal IralTic in lottery tickets, the sale of liquor 
lominors.childlabor, etc., makeadiflicult moral problem. The neighbors are of American, 
Irish, and German extr.iciion: and there is a rapidly increasing percentage of Italians. 

Activities. Conducted an investigation into housing conditions; opened 
the first public playground in New Orleans; turned a vacant lot used as a dump 
into a garden; carried on an investigation into the causes of tuberculosis. The 
doctors connected with its clinic made a house to house canvass of the neighbor- 
hood and collected data concerning hygiene, sanitation, and family health. 
The settlement clinic has been made unnecessary by the establishment of a 
hospital in the district; and its summer school has been assumed by the city. 

s day nursery; kindergarten: library; study hour for childrea; classes 


in cooking, housekeeping, sewing, fancy work and basketry for girli; carpmuy; chur 
caning and printing for boys; clubs for women, young people and children; socials, dan cet, 
parties, games, etc. Summir U'ork. — Playground; open air concerts; Saturday nighl 
dances: folk dance classes: athletic events. 1909, summer house at Lewisburg. 

Residents. Women )■ Volunteers. Women 30, men 4. Head Resident. 
Catherine W. Hardy. 189S-1901; Eleanor McMain, Oct., 1901-. 

Literatiire. Ai;thoriied Statements. Yearbook, 1905 — McMain, Eleanor: 
Kingstey House, New Orleans. Cbaritiit, xi : ^49-353 (Dec. 5, 190]), Ste also: Kingsley 
House. Comnwni, July, 1900, p. 7 — Yowles, M. J. (Tulanc University): Housing Con- 
ditions in the Vicinity of Kingsley House (filed at University) — McMain, Eleanor: 
Behind Ihe Yellow Fever in Little Palermo — Char, and Connnoiu. XV : i;i-t;9 (Nov. 
4, [905). Tbe Work of Kingsley House During the Epidemic, Cbarititt, xiv : ioj4 
(Sept. a, 1905} — Kahle, E, J., M.D. (Post-graduate student in Sociology, Tulant 
University) : A Study of the Tenement House District of New Orleans and Recommend^' 
lions for a constructive propaganda. Filed at University. ^^_ 

St. Mark's Hall (Methodist) ^H 

619-621 Esplanade Avenue (1909-) ^^B 

Established March, 1909, by a joint commission representing (lie Board 
of Church Extension, the Board of Missions and the Woman's Home Mission 
Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. Aims: "To do Christian 
social settlement work, looking to the development of a great institutional 
mission center similar to those maintained by the Wesleyan Church in London 
and other English cities." Supported by the general Board of Missions, the 
Woman's Home Mission Society, the Woman's Board of City Missions of New 
Orleans, and the Louisiana Conference Board of Missions. 

Neichborhood. a downtown section of the old French quarter, adjacent on the 
one hand to an Italian (Sicilian) colony of ten to fifteen thousand, and on the other, to a 
wage-earning class of French, German and American descent. There are a few tmall 
factories in the neighborhood, but the factory center is on the upiown side of the river. 

Activities. Endeavors to aid in the adjustment of Ihe foreigner to 
American conditions; to secure adequate enforcement of Ihe law regulating the 
sale of liquor; better housing and sanitary conditions; more adequate compul- 
sory education provision; and opportunities for wholesome play and recreation. 

Maintains relief station (in co-operation with IheC.O. S.): district nursing service: 
various clinics: playground; shower baihs; library and reading room; club room for 
men (open every day); night classes in English for foreigners; stenography and type- 
writing: Bible study class and chorus for Italian men: sewing school; domestic science 
classes; music class; girls' club; men's club; lectures; pleasant Sunday evenings and 
children's hour. SumiHei Work. — Playground; indoor baseball; folk games; shower 
. baths; park outings. 

Residents. Women 4, Volunteers. Women a), men 5. Head Resident. 
Margaret Ragland, Deaconess, 1909-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Articles by N. E. Joyner, Supt. of Sl 
Mark's Hall, in Nov. 1909, Go Forward. Published by Board of Missions M. E. C- S., 
Nashville. Tenn,. and Our Homes, Mrs, J. D. Hammond, Editor. Pub. House M, E. C. S., 
Nashville, Tenn. — Annual Reports of Woman's Home Mission Society, M. E. C S., 
1908 and 1909. 




I The Settlement Club 

I (Formerly The Social Setllement of Lewislon and Auburn, 1900-1910) 

Established July, 1900, as the outgrowlh of a Saturday social-educa- 
tional work inaugurated in a tenement at 12 Railroad Alley in the summer of 
1899 by Mrs. Etta Mitchell and members of the Y. W. C. A. Aims to do 
"legitimate settlement work." Incorporated June 1, 1900. Maintained by 
memberships, voluntary contributions, and entertainments. 

Neichborhood. "A disreputable tenement house neighborhood. The settlement 
is peculiar in ihal with nine nation.ililies represented it 15 composed chiefly of Americans, 
who are compelled to live in this locality because it offers rents suitable for their me4ns. 
The country people coming to the cily generally come here, thinking to live cheaply, and 
fall into bad hands." 

Activities. Secured the permanent establishment of four playgrounds 

in Lewiston and Auburn, with a membership of two thousand children. A 

swimming pool is being undertaken, and a local anli-tuberculosis association 

has been established this year, with a district nurse in charge. A permanent 

' children's home was established in 1906, which cares for thirty children annually. 

Maintains Children's Home; Androscoggin Boys Club. The women's and girls' 
dubs are organized as one large club, the groups meeting in the homes of members. 

Former Locations. Railroad Alley, 1899-1900; Oxford Court. 1900-1903 
(French Quarter); 141 Middle St., igoj-igio. 

Residents, "Our head residents are employed by the year, wilh ten Bates College 
students assisting, also the directors acting as volunteer workers." For informaiion ad- 
drcii Mrs. W. H. Newell. 61 Webster Si., Lewislon, Me. Previous Head Residents. 
Sarah M. Slarey, 1900-190); Elsie Clark Null, ■90J-190;; Ninila F. Ferdinand, 1905- 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Year Book, 190a, with articles by C. W. 
A. Veditz, head professor of sociology. Bates College, and by William T. Foster, professor 
of English, Bates College. 


The Portland Fraternity 

51 Centre Street 

Established October, 1906, continuing a work founded In 1871 by the 

Unitarian and Universalis! churches and incorporated "to offer to the people 

of Portland and vicinity, especially the young people, a place of pleasant resort 

where they may be surrounded by a wholesome and elevating influence; to 



provide them with means of self-improvement,. with healthful recreation at 
little or no expense; to give them opportunities for doing and getting good by 
engaging in charitable and benevolent work." Maintained by subscriptions 
and endowments. 

Neighborhood. G)inbination of tenement and business district. The neighbon 
are mainly Irish; some Jews, Italians, Armenians and Portuguese. 

Maintains constant co-operation with board of health, truant officer, schools, etc. 
Library; penny provident bank station of district; civic club; gymnasium; classes in 
cooking, camp cooking, sewing, millinery, cobbling, chair caning, singing, dancing; story 
hours for children; game room in the basement of a neighboring public school; clubs for 
adults, young men and children; dramatics; entertainments and socials. Sumnur 
IVofk. — Outdoor kindergarten; school gardens; clubs and playground. Boys' camp on 
G)usins Island. 

Former Ijocations. 14 Free St.; 75 Spring St., 1899-May, 1908. 

Residents. Women 2. Volunteers. Women $6, men 10. Head Workers. 
Emily Baxter, 1902- 1904; Agnes Dailey, 1904- 1905; Elsie Clark Nutt, 1905-1908; 
Jessie Powell Arnold, Sept., 1908-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Annual Reports, May, 1906, 1907. 1909. 


United Settlement Workers of Washington 
AND Baltimore 

Organized October 20, 1906, at Lawrence House. Baltimore. Md., by 
the settlement workers of Washington, D. C„ and Baltimore. Md.. "for the de- 
velopment of its members, and for the promotion of the cause of civic and social 
betterment in Washington and Baltimore." 

Activities. Joint meetings. bicnniaLly, and monthly meetings of the 
local branches. The association discusses local and general problems, listens 
to experts on forms of settlement and civic work, and holds public meetings to 
interest the local communities. 

OFriCERS. President: Mrs. Rudolph Ccrlkk, Calonsville. Md. Sectelary: 
Minnie S. Hanaw. 1 11 Jackson Place, Bahimore. 

The Baltimore Settlement Association 
Organized December 4. 1906. as a branch of the United Settlement Work- 
ers of Baltimore and Washington. Separate constitution adopted Ociober, 
1907. The Branch has worked largely through committees: The playground 
and Fresh Air committee; public education committee, which has inquired 
into the accuracy of school census, coK)perated in securing the provision for 
teachers' pensions, and co-operated in the movement for school centers; the 
trade school committee, which studied conditions (Study— Why Girls Leave 
School), printed a pamphlet (Trade Schools, by Jacob M. Moses), and held 
various public meetings to promote the cause of trade training: health com- 
mittee, which co-operated in securing a revised building code and a better milk 
ordinance; amusement committee, which investigated pool rooms and agencies 
of public amusement; child labor committee; public morality committee. 
The association gives a yearly course of lectures which are addressed by 
leaders in social work. 

Officers. President: Anna Herkner, 608 S. Ann St., Baltimore. Secretary; 
Letiie J. Johnson. 918 Russell St., Baltimore. 

Literature. Inter-Cily Settlement Association. Cbar. and Comnum!, xviii : 174 
(May 4, 1907) — NeighborKood Work Gains in Baltimore. Cbar. and Commons, xix : 
1077-1078 (Nov. 16, 1907) — Inler-SelllemenI Publication Tbe Budget. Published by 
Lawrence House, Warner Houm, Maccabean House, Locust Point Social Settlement, and 
K am pden-Wood berry Neighborhood Association. First Issue, April. 1908. 


Lawrence Memorial Association 
Established 1893, as a memorial lo Rev, E. A. Lawrence, to co 
work which he had begun. 

s Lawrence House and Warner House (see pages too and loj). 

The Ann Street Settlement 
608 South Ann Street (1909-) 

Established January 1, 1910, continuing the work of the Polish Coffee 
House (see descriplion below), and a housekeeping and homcmaking center or- 
ganized November 1. 1909. Supported by private individuals. 

NEroHBORHOOO. "The Polish quarter of the ciiy. There are twelve thousand 
Poles in this colony, which lives a life quite its own. There are two Roman Catholic 
churches, each wilh Its parochial school, and an Independent Catholic church with a 
parochial school. The communily also has its own commercial and business life. There 
are two Polish building and loan associations through which very many ot the Poles have 
acquired their own homes, and in which they commonly deposit their savings. The colony 
has its own Polish doctors, lawyers, dentists and real estate men. and there are also numer- 
ous provision and other stores owned and managed by Poles. The industrial standing o( 
the colony is low. I ts people are to be found in greatest numbers in (he seasonal occupa- 
tions, in unskilled labor and in the clothing factories. The people go by hundreds to the 
country about the middle of May to work on the farms picking strawberries and peas. 
They continue on the farms and in the canneries until about the end of October, thus de- 
priving the children of the closing and opening months of school. Many ol these families, 
though not all of them, go again later to work in the oyster canneries in the South. 

"The section is one of the oldest in the city. The pavements are poor and the streets 
are made more objeciionable by surface drainage. There are many narrow streetsand 
blind alleys and courts. The old one-family houses are commonly occupied by several 
families, the average number of rooms occupied by a family being about two. Most of 
the lois if not practically all covered by the front building have also a house on the rear. 
The public school, the police station, and the market hall are the only public institutions 
in the neighborhood. The American influence that penetrates into the Polish colony 
through Its social life is but slight and of a very low order." 

Maintains playground, supervised by a resident playground teacher, and an 
athletic director; lighted and supervised for evening work; indoor gymnastics. The 
house was successful in having a newly erected public school so equipped as 10 be avail- 
able for neighborhood work. Classes in English for Poles; drawing, homemaking and 
gardening; Sunday evening lectures; station of Public Library; entertainments, 

Residenis. Women 3, men 1. Volunteers. Women 9, men j. Hea 
DENT. Anna Herkner, 1910-. 

The Polish Coffee House 
Established in September, 1908, by Anna Herkner "to provide a 
community center after the type of the continental coffee houses." Capital 
for necessary equipment was provided by selling shares at one dollar each. 
Seventy-five shares were taken by lifty-four Poles and one hundred and twelve 
shares by thirty-seven Americans. The rooms were opeti from 7.30 to ii.OD 


^■^^ MARVLAND 97 

p.m.; also Sunday afternoon. Tea, coffee, and cakes were sold. The receipts 
from such sales were used to defray current expenses. During the second year 
of the existence of the Coffee House, when enlarged and apparently permanent 
quarters had been secured, the active opposition of the Polish Catholic church 
and the strong "nationalists" among the Poles so reduced the attendance and 
active co-operation that the work under this organization was discontinued. 

Nelchbobhood. The Polish quarter. 

Mainta:ned educational and recreational feature!. Prognms of music, recila- 
lions, etc., were arranged for Saturday evenings. Talks and lectures on the various public 
inslitulions, departments, work, and social efforts were given Sunday evenings. During 
the first year books obtained from the public library were given out on application. There 
was a mixed chorus class; several small groups tor the study of English and for practice 
in English conversation; a class In Polish folk dancing. During the second year the Sun- 
day evening meetings grew in importance, became more radical and alive, and the dis- 
cussion more lively and open. The study groups continued and several of the young 
Polish men asked for more special instruction, mathematics, etc., the need of which they 
fell in their work. 

One young man was discovered who could be recommended to the Charity Organiia- 
lion Society as worthy nt a training for its work. He promises to be a help in solving at 
least one of the problems that the Polish colony presents. Another young Pole was 
assisted to become a teacher of foreigners in the public night school. His was one of the 
most successful classes, A third man was placed in the Provident Savings Bank. It is 
expected that his presence there will attract the Poles in that immediate neighborhood, 
which is somewhat distant from the Polish Building and Loan Associations, to entrust their 
savings to this safe depository. 

Locations. 174J Canton Ave.; 1733 Canton Ave., Nov., 1908; 606 South 

Head Worker. Anna Herkner, Sept., 1903-1909. 

LiterBtuie. Neighborhood Work Gains in Baltimore. Cbai. and Commons, xix : 
1077-1078 {Nov, 16, 1907). 

Carrolltown House (Center) 

Ward Street 

Founded in 1909 by a group of colored people, as an outgrowth of work 

started by the Charity Organization Society. Aims "to provide a club house 

for colored people," Maintained by fees and subscriptions from the colored 

people themselves, only the rent being guaranteed by outsiders. 

Neichborhooo. Southwest Baltimore. Very wretched, with many saloons. 
No active churches on good lines for colored people. 

Maintains parents' club; classes in story telling, sewing, manual training and 

For information apply to Miss Ethel Johnson. 1 [48 E. Carey Si., Baltimore. 

Channing House 
506 South Charles Street {1905-) 
Founded February i;, 1905, under the auspices of the First Independent 
(Christ's) Church, "to entend the social opportunities of the members of the 


Sunday school in iheir own neighborhood." The house iheniltership 
tended and its large majority are not connected with the church. Aims "to 
furnish a social, recreational, and educational center which shall increasingly 
focus and invigorate the neighborhood life." 

Neichbohhoo[>. The center of the tobacco manufacturing district which eontaini 
also several large bakeries. A large element of Ihe population is negro, resident chiefly 
in alleys between the main streets. Other racial elements in approximately even numbers 
are American, Hebrew, Italian, and German, They do not represent the progre^iive 
people of these nationalities. They live chiefly in two and three-story houses with one or 
two families in a house. These houses are mainly without sewer connection. Tuberculosii 
prevails. Park and playground facilities are as yet entirely inadequate. There Is ont 
public bath in the neighborhood. The house has lent its interest and support to all 
neighborhood improvement, 

Maintajns lunch room where inexpensive hot lunches, averaging eight cents, art 
served at noon to the women operatives of the neighboring factories. Clubs and classes 
similar to those usual In settlements. 

Head Worker. Miriam Cover, Sept., 1907-. 

Literature. Neighborhood Work Cains in Baltimore. Char, and Co, 
1077-1078 (Nov. 16, 1907). 

Hampden- Wood BERRY Neighborhood Association 
2!0 West a5th Street 

Established October 27. 1907, as an outgrowth of social, home garden and 
library club work undertaken by S. Elizabeth Spicer (Mrs. Gerlach) and Miss 
Spencer (Mrs. Boulon) "to study the social conditions extant in the districts 
known as Hampden and Woodberry, and to determine in what way these con- 
ditions may be improved; to afford healthy and instructive amusements for 
the people both young and old, living in these districts; to co-operate with the 
schools in the neighborhood in the endeavor to make domestic economy and 
manual training an integral part of the education of the young; to provide 
facilities for proper bodily exercise, especially for the young men and girls who 
work all day in the mills; to stimulate in every possible way the gentle art of 
home making; to bring people of all classes together in such a way as to show 
them that we are all alike, rich and poor, ignorant and cultured, children of 
one Father." 

Neighborhood. The Hampden-Woodberry district. The population, which is 
almost exclusively of American extraction, numbers about; and the chief industry 
is the cotton duck mills. Women and children, as well as men and boys, are commonly 
wage-earners. There is much child labor, Irregular work, bad housing, unsanitary munici- 
pal housekeeping, and consequent poverty. 

Activities. "The association started a movement to establish recreation 
centers, and the first one will be erected in West Park, situated in the center of 
Hampden. The center will contain an auditorium, gymnasium, public bath. 
library, reading and club rooms, etc. The building will be completed enough 
for occupancy by May 1, 191 1." 



MAUn'AIMS kiadergarlen : milk dispensary (co-operation with milk colTimillee): 

cUsset in cooking and gymnastics; social clubs. Summer H'ork. ^-Outdoor gymnastics; 
Khool garden clubs; home garden clubs. 

Former Locations. Barton's Hall, Railroad and Woodberry Aves., Oct., 1907-; 
McCann's Hali, Falls Road and Third Ave,, Nov., igoB-June, 1909; 818 Bluchcr Ave.. 
Oct., 1908-June, 1909; 913 Third Ave., Nov.. igoS-June, 1909; 911 Third Ave., Oct., 
I9Q9-May, igio. 

Residents. Women 3, Volunteers. Women 10, men a. Head Residents. 
S. Elizabeth Spicer (Mrs. Rudolph Cerlach), Oct.. 1907-June. 1909: A. Rebecca Oliver. 
Nov. 1, 1909-Jan., 1911; Miss N. K. Warner. Nov., 1910- Jan., 191], 

Literature. Authokized Statements, Prospcciu 
port, Oct., 1908. Sec also: Neighborhood Work Gains in B. 
six : 1077-1078 (Nov. 16, 1907). 

The Jewish Educational Alliance op Baltimore 

Boys' Center, 1204 E. Baltimore Street. Girls' Center, 121 Aisquith Street 

(1910). Country House, Gwynnbrook, Md. 

Established January, 1910, by the union of the Maccabean House and 

the settlement work of the Daughters in Israel. Supported by the Federated 


s day nursery; kindergarten; peony savings; milk dispensary; head- 
quarters of immigrant agent of Council of Jewish Women; headquarters of district nurse; 
weekly public dances under supervision; boys' and girls' gymnasium: recreation rooms; 
athletic club; military drill; printing shop; art class; chaircaning: singing society; sew. 
ing. hand and machine embroidery; darning; cooking; housekeeping: dressmaking; 
millinery: stenography and typewriting: nursing; night school for immigrants; classes 
in elementary and cultural subjects. There are many lectures, entertainments, etc., and 
dubs for adults, young people and children, Summer Ifork. Many clubs and classes; 
campal Gwynnbrook; excursions, outings and picnics. 

Head Residknts. Martha Sttomfaerg, 1909, (Boys' Center); Etta Barnet [Girls' 
Center): Mr. and Mrs, Max Carton, 1910-, 

Maccabean House 
(Boys' Center) 

Established October, 1906, as an outgrowth of a library and reading 
room for boys organized in 1896 by a group of fifty young men. Gradually 
expanded by the addition of class and social features, and when the house at 
iio4 East Baltimore Street was taken, a day nursery, kindergarten and other 
work was started. 

"The residents live as a normal family in the settlement. The life itself 
is as independent as the family life of any other home. We provide, in con- 
nection with our home, 3 center for the development of civic, social, moral and 
intellectual life; aiming as residents to promote better industrial, hygienic and 
educational faciiilies in our community. We emphasize ethical principles and 
strive to help people to help themselves." 


Neighborhood. The heart of the Jewish immigrant quarter in East Baltimore. 

Maintained day nursery; kindergarten; legal aid bureau; headquarters of vinting 
nurse; music school (branch of the Peabody Music School); classes in gymnastics, car- 
pentry, printing and military drill; clubs for men, women, young people and children. 
The house gave a Wednesday evening dance in a neighborhood hall, at five cents admission. 
SMfMiN^ H^ork, — ^The activities of the winter continued, and a milk station and camp work 
were added. 

Locations. iiioE. Baltimore St., 1896- 1904; 1204 East Baltimore St., 1904- 

Head Residents. (Mrs.) Rose Zella Lichenstein, 1905; Minnie S. Hanaw, 190$- 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Federation of Jewish Charities Report, 
1908. See also: Neighborhood Work Gains in Baltimore. Cbar. and Commons, xix : 1077- 
1078 (Nov. 16, 1907). 

Settlenunf of the Daughters in Israel 

(Girls' Center) 

Established October, 1907, by the Daughters in Israel, as the partial 
outgrowth of a working girls' home maintained by their organization, "for 
club and class work " with girls. The work is carried on in a building next 
door to the home. Supported by the Federated Charities. 

Neighborhood. (See Maccabean House, page 99.) 

Maintained penny savings; station of the public library; playground work at Pub- 
lic School Na 43; sewing school; afternoon game clubs for children; evening classes in 
English, piano, singing, dancing, and shirtwaist making; ^ee, social, literary and dramatic 
clubs; monthly entertainment and dance; a Sabbath school and children's Mincha service. 

Location, i 17 Aisquith St., 1907-1910. 

Head Workers. Eugenie Schlom, 1907; Rosa Fried (Mrs. Max Carton), May, 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Report of the Federated Jewish Chari- 
ties, 1908. Si€ also: New Head Worker for the Baltimore Daughters of Israel. Cbar. and 
Commcns, xx : aai (May 9, 1908). 

Lawrence House 

814-816 West Lombard Street 

Established in the Fall of 1900. "Lawrence House is a neighborhood 
club house. It aims to be a center for things of interest to the people, to pro- 
vide a place for amusements and social gatherings, to fumbh opportunities fpr 
instruction in any subject for which there is a demand. In c<M>peration with 
its neighbors, it aims to ^"ork for the betterment of its particular community 
as ^tXL as the cit>\'* 

Neichborhooo. "We are essentially an industrial neighborhood. There are 
many large establishments, the principal ones being the Baltimore and Ohio shops 00 
Pratt Street* and Bartlett and Hayward's Iron Foundry. People live in the neighborhood 
where they vork, so that there is a settled population, and a real neighborhood feeling. 
Empk>>*ment b steady and conditioos are fairly fa^i-orable. The people are indepeiident 

^■^^ MARYLAMD Wf^ 

in diaracter, Hlf-respecting, and do nol need material relief." They are largely Irish 
and German. Ihough Poles, Lithuanians, Italians and Jews ate moving in. 

Activities. Investigations into different aspects of neighborhood life 
and conditions. Organized the Lawrence House Improvement Association, 
which published The Budget, a monthly neighborhood news sheet, for three 
years. The association was active in promoting the interests of the neighbor- 
hood. Co-operation in the work of the slate Child Labor Committee, Consu- 
mers' League. Tenement House Commission, Trade School Committee, Play- 
ground .Association and Tuberculosis Association. 

Maintains library; kindergarten; playground; gymnasium; classes in chair can- 
ing, bent iron work, knife work, carpentry, drawing, athletics, embroidery, knitting, 
crocheting, cooking, millinery, clay modeling, arts and crafts; clubs with various inter- 
ests, dramatic, debating, parliamentary drill, citizenship, story telling: game and pool 
rooms; dances; entertainments, concerts and lectures; mothers' club. Summir Work. — 
Roof and backyard playground. 

Residbnts. Women 6. Volunteers. Women jo, men 6. Head Residents. 
Emma G. Salisbury, Fall, 1900-June. 1901; Alice E. Robbins, Oct., 1902-Sept., 1908; 
Grace O. Edwards, Fall, igoS-June, 1909; Elizabeth C. Bailey, Sept.. 1909- Sept., 1910; 
Josephine Hawks, Fall. 1910-. 

Literature. I. Authorized Statements. Annual reports, 1S96-1904 — Book- 
lets; Lawrence House, 1903. The Social Settlement and Lawrence House, 1904 — Tbt 
Budget (published monthly by the Lawrence House Improvement Association), i. No. 1 
(April. 1905) toiii. No. 10 (March, 1908) — Four pamphlets, 1909-10, SiiaUo: Robbins, 
Alice E.: Lawrence House, Baltimore. Commons, ix : 6]8--6}o (Dec, 1904). II. Social 
Studies. A study of flfty Italian families, living near Lexington market. (Unpublished.) 
— A study in housing. A Block in Our Neighborhood. (Unpublished.) — A Study in 
Standards of Living. (Unpublished.) 

Locust Point Settlement 

(Formerly Hull Street Settlement) 
1504-1506 East Fort Avenue (1904-) 

Established April 20, 1896. by Mrs. J. S. Dinwoodie. who later organized 
the Locust Point Settlement Association (iVlarch 2j, 1897), "to maintain a 
settlement house with residents, who shall devise and promote methods for the 
improvement of the people physically, morally, intellectually, and spiritually." 
Incorporated March, 1898. Affiliated with College Settlements Association, 

Neighborhood, Situated in the outskirts of the city in a tenement district of 
small houses. The people are 90 per cent of German descent with a small proportion of 
Americans, Bohemians, Poles and Irish, 

Activities. Maintained a kindergarten from 1901 to 1905, a modified 
milk station from 190^-1908. In 190S the school board was stimulated to 
open evening classes in English and manual training, and to equip a cooking 
center in the neighboring school building. In 1910 a new public library building 
was erected to house the branch library. In 1904 the house discontinued its 
religious work at the request of the clergymen of the local churches. 



IS children's library; kindergarten; provides inslrtiction in home garden- 
ing; rug weaving equipment with opportunity for sale o( product; daily rummage sale; 
clnsses In English, dancing, sewing, drawing, and games; dubs for women, boys and girls. 
Smnntr H'ork. — Vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Former Locations. Plant, 1409 Hull Si.. April, 1S96. 1240 Hull St., 

Residents. Women 3. Voluntkeks. Women i), men 7. Head R 

Mrs. J. 5. Dinwoodie, April, 1896-1898; Mary Lamb, Sept., 1899-Jan., igoj; Anne € 

Stover, Sept., i9Dj-Oct.. 1904; Dr. Jane Robbins, Dec. 11, 1904-April i), T90;; Jea^ 

Cassard, April, r905-Sept., 190;; Helen Child, Sept., i9oj~Jan., 1911. 

Literature. Authdriieu Statements, Circulars of March, 1897; April j 
1898; and October [, 1899 — Annual Reports, 1900, 1901, 1901, i^o), 1904, igai, i< 
1907,1908,1909, Seealio: News Items, ConimoHi, March and Sept., 1897, 

St. Paul's Guild House (Episcopal) 
5J9 Columbia Avenue 

Founded 1893, as the outgrowth of a boarding house and Suniiay afte 
noon club for working boys. After two years Ihe boarding house was di 
continued, and neighborhood features gradually added. Maintained by St. 
Paul's P. E. Church. 

Neighborhood. Located In southwest Baltimore near the railroad yirc 
some large machine shops. There are many saloons. The people, once America 
German householders, are being replaced by Lithuanians. 

AcTiviTTES. Closed two objectionable saloons, and prevents the iss 
of additional licenses. Instrumental in securing a branch of the Public Library, 
Has carried on art loan and tuberculosis exhibits. 

Maintains mission chapel and Sunday school; kindergarten; co-operative sales of 
dry goods at wholesale prices; sewing school; classes in athletics and stenography; c 
for women, young people and children; lectures, entertainmenli, socials, dances, 
Summtr Jfwt.— Picnics; excursions and summer camp for boys. 

Former Location. W. Lombard and Pcnn Sis. 

Residents. Women 1. Volunteers, 60. Head Worker. Rev. Frank Hay 

Literatuie. Reports and statements in Parish NoUs, the organ of Si. Paul'i 

Saints Philip and James Guild (Calholic) 
402 West 29th Street 

Founded January 1 1, 191 1, by the Ladies of Charily of SS. Philip and 
James parish. Formally opened by His Eminence James, Cardinal Gibbons. 
Aims " to assist school children with class work, and lo be helpful to women, 
girls and boys of the neighborhood." Mainiained by subscription. 

Maintains daily afternoon classes for school children: evening classes for working 
girls and boys: classes in sewing, millinery, cooking, mechanical drawing; clubs for boys 
and girls; Sunday afternoon meetings for women. 

Paid Workers, a. Volunteers, a;. 

For information address Mrs. James J. Ryan, President, 3810 Saint Paul] 


Warner House 

Residence and Club House, 918 Russell Street (1908-). Gymnasium. Warner 
and Cross Streets (1905-) 

Established in the fall of 1905. The use of an abandoned church building 
was oPTered by a former resident of the neighborhood to the Lawrence Memorial 
Association for gymnasium purposes. A store room with aparlmenls above was 
rented for ctubs and residence. In 1908 the present house was purchased and 

NeiCHBORKoaD. Mixed factory and residence quarter. People largely German of 
the second generation, hard working and Ihrifly, but [acl< iniliative. 

Activities. "Efforts for civic as well as neighborhood improvement. 
The Women's Club has provided the greatest stimulus for neighborhood im- 
provement. At its weekly meetings neighborhood conditions are discussed and 
the work of improving them is apportioned to committees. This organized 
group, representing forty families, alive to the needs of the neighborhood and 
keen to demand justice for themselves and neighbors, shows an awakening com- 
munity and gives bright promise for the future." 

Maintains classes in plain sewing, embroidery, dressmaking, commercial subjecis, 
gymnasium, and dancing; various clubs — dramatic club, Greek club, Knighls of King 
Arthur, woman's club, and pleasure club for young men and women. Sttmtiitr Work. — 
Kindergarten playground, neighborhood gardens, club picnics, and outdoor enlertain- 

FoRMER Locations, 4)8 W. Cross St.. 1905-1907; 81G W. Lombard St., 1907- 
■ 908, 

Residents. Women 6. Volunteeks. Women 11. Head Residents, Jeanne 
Cassard. i9o;-i909; Lellie L. Johnston. 1909-. 

Literature, Annual Report, 1905-1906 — Monthly Bulletins, 1909-1910, 

MoRRELL Park Neighborhood House 

Established February 33, 1904, by Mr. and Mrs. Ruths as a spontaneous 
expression of good will toward the children of their neighborhood. Clubs and 
classes were established in the home and an outhouse was remodeled into an 
"armory" for drills, dances, clubs, entertainments, etc. 

Neighborhood, The outskirts of Baltimore in a suburban industrial quarter. 
There are brick yards, a glass factory or two. and some small industries. The houses are 
of the small detached cottage type. The people are largely of German ancestry, with 
Americans, Irish and a few Bohemians; generally moderately skilled, many endeavoring 
to pay for small homes on small wages. 

Activities, Secured library privileges from the state library com- 
mission; better school facilities for its district; and provides instruction in 
athletics, music, and hygiene in co-operation with Baltimore institutions. The 
Parents and Patrons Club of the public school meets at the house; and the 
military company acts as official escort of the Dushane Post, No. j, G. A. R. 


Maintains library; military drill; classes in gymnastics, music, cooking, house- 
keeping, sewing, dressmaking, needlework, nursing (the girls are the Red Cross nurses of 
the military company); weekly socials and dances. Summer H^ark, — Military camp, 
outings, etc. 

Locations. Present house, Feb., 1904-; Remodeled, Aug., 1907-; Additions, 
Feb., 1908-. 

Residents. Mr. and Mrs. Ruths and four sons. "We could not do thb work 
unless we worked together. In this family there is no such thing as stated work for one 
person. We do the thing that is to be done." The older sons are leaders in the social 
and dramatic clubs. Mr. Ruths drills the boys of the "Volunteers" and looks after the 
gymnasium; Mrs. Ruths superintends the household classwork. 

Literature. Authorized Statement. Neighborhood News, i. No. i (Oct. 4, 
1909). See also: Robbins, Atice E.: Real Neighbors. Survey, xxii : 597-598 O^Iy 31, 


Ely, Robert E.: So;;ial Setllcmenls in Ihe United Stales, PiospccI Union Ra.. 
i, No. J (April, 1894) — Two inletesling Setilemenl Conferences. Cotnmnns. Nov., 
1901 — Rutan, ElUabelh Y.: Boston Letters. Commons, May, igoa-June, 1903 — 
The Boslon Setllements and Coal Distribution. Commoni, Feb., 190J — Everyman. 
Cammoni, March, 1903 — Conferences of Setliement Workers, Commoni, April, igo), 

Boston Social Union 
53 Berkeley Street 

Founded November 4, 1908, by represetttativesof the South End Social 
Union (organized November, 1899, "to devise a system whereby inter-settle- 
ment competition and overlapping might be eliminated, to provide opportunity 
for conference and acquaintance among workers and houses, and to combine 
forces for more widespread and aggressive work"), and the Social Union of the 
North and West Ends (organized March 21, 1905, "to secure the fullest co- 
operation among Ihe organizations for social improvement at work in the North 
and West Ends"). 

The union declares the following principles: "I. The object of the union 
is better citizenship and it will endeavor as a unit to further public and private 
measures intended to accomplish its ends; but its members shall be free to 
support any enterprise or to ally themselves with any organization designed to 
improve education, sanitation, housing, local government or other social or 
economic conditions; and, conversely, no member shall be bound by any action 
of the union to support any such measure which it does not approve. 

"II. Settlements and neighborhood clubs which have carried on social 
work continuously for three years immediately preceding their election shall 
be eligible to membership. 

"HI, No member of the union shall give any religious instruction or 
endeavor to change the religious beliefs of any person. 

"IV. Neighboring centers shall agree regarding the territory from which 
each shall draw its membership and such neighboring houses shall compare, at 
least once a year, their lists of membership in order that no person may continue 
a member of more than one settlement or neighborhood club. No person under 
sixteen years of age may leave one house in the union and join another without 
the consent of the house having the prior claim." 

Aims to be "3 federation for broad, united action; conference out of 
local experience and for the sake of (i) bringing each up to best standard, (2) 
of having all act in unison under that standard, and (3) securing so far as possible 


the combined action of all together as one body on larger matters afTecting the 
city as a whole, or calling for municipal or legislative action. It is the policy 
of the union to restrict its appeals for public action to matters with which settle- 
ment workers as such have first-hand contact." 

The Soulh End Socia! Union apportioned neighborhood liniiils and exchanged 
membership lists year by year with the result o' prjciically eliminating competition and 
overlapping. Conferences on various phases of concrete experience in social work were 
held From time to time. Established a girls' employment bureau; administered three 
high school scholarships; organized an inter-settlement athletic association; system 3 lically 
promoted backyard gardens and window boxes; at various limes put forth efforts for 
public playgrounds and better school facilities; and presented testimony before various 
legislative committees concerning ^icial legislation. 

The Social Union of the North and West Ends also developed .1 system to diminish 
overlapping between centers; organized conferences and exhibits; conducted investiga- 
tions into street trades, penny arcades and moving picture theatres; made recommenda- 
tions tor the more adequate use of play facilities; and conducted the backyard garden And 
window box work for Its district. 

The Boston Social Union has committees on juvenile protection, playgrounds, 
Sunday recreation, anti-noise, folk dancing, inter-seHlement concerts and athletics, con- 
ferences, and legislation. Tbe union promotes conferences and organization among spe- 
cialized workers (cooking teachers, nurses, school visitors, athletic directors) wherein 
methods are worked out by comparison for meeting new and unexpected problems. 
Through the union, settlements are broadly and effectively represented in connection with 
the larger action of the city, as in the work of the United Improvement Association, Boston 
— 19J}, etc. The Union established (191 1) a Bureau of Registration to serve the needs 
of persons or selilemenis seeking resident workers or teachers; and to be of assistance to 
those seeking positions. Address the Chairman of the Committee of Registration. 

Meetings. The meetings of the Executive Committee arc usually held the last 
Thursday of the month. They are open to all workers from every House, paid or volunteer. 

Officers. President; Robert A. Woods. Vice-Presidents; Alvin E. Dodd and 
Mary H. Burgess. Secretary: Ellen W. Coolidge, 8[ Marlborough Street. Treasurer: 
(Mrs.) Eva W. White, 357 Charles 5t. Asst. Secretary in charge of office: Emily A. 
Babb, 5} Berkeley Street. 

LitemtiU'e. Leaflets of the Social Union of the North and West Ends, 1907 — 
Social Union of the North and West Ends. Cbar. and Commons, x.v :4aj-4(Dec., 1905) — 
South End Social Union. Vol. i, No. I. Jan., 1908. Supplement issued Jan., 1908 — Folder, 
Boston Social Union. Dec., 1909 — Bulletin of the Boston Social Union. Jan., 191 r. 

Sewing Circle League 

Organized, 1906, by Christiana S. Htjnnewell, Frances Jackson and 
Sarah Lawrence. Aims: "first, to interest young women of Boston in the 
social and industrial problems of the city; second, to help them to study 
conditions and to find their own work; third, to organize standing commillces 
to be actively interested in such work; fourth, to organize lectures on social and 
industrial questions." "We try through many ditferent kinds of work to 
broaden the outlook and to help to make more democratic citizens of the young 
women who have more time and money at their disposal than the average girl." 



The league has four standing commillees, lo one of which each meniber belongs. 
Of the presenl four hundred members about one hundred belong to the "setllemenl 
(ommillee" and are leaders in clubs, classes, etc. ; about thirty members belonging [o the 
"eniertainment committee" give Iheir services in plays and enteriainmenls. 

OFFICERS. President: Elizabeth Cray, Chestnut Hill, IWass. Seerelary: Ella 
L Lyman, 57 Marlborough Sircei. 

Literatuie. Annual Reports. 

Neighborhood Houses 
Established and maintained by Mrs. Quincy A. Shaw 

Mrs. Quincy A. Shaw's Neighborhood Houses are iheoutgrowth of neigh- 
borhood kindergartens and day nurseries, the first of whi.:h were established 
in the early seventies. In 1887 Laliah B. Pingree was secured to direct Mrs. 
Shaw's educational work and establish other kindergartens in various sections 
of Boston. Largely through Miss Pingrce's efforts the school board became 
interested in the kindergartens and in 1888 incorporated them in the public 
school system. From 1888-1894 Miss Pingree served as a member of the Boston 
school board and for six years directed the work of the kindergartens in connec- 
tion with the public schools. 

Mrs, Shaw, as a result of her interest in the problem of the working mothers of 
young children, established (1878-1879) a chain of day nurseries in Roxbury, Cambiidge 
and the North End. These day nurseries began to be developed about 1894 into neighbor- 
bood houses, with the main features of the seltltment and its greater responsibilities to Ihe 
community as a whole. "Though largely educational at first, Ihe work has gradually 
expanded to include industrial and trade training: educational classes in homemaking 
and in civic duties: the development of neighborhood resources: and Ihe esublishmeni of 
1 center for social intercourse and educative recreation. The emphasis is laid on trained 
tfliciency of men and women in the home, racial and religious tolerance in the neighbor- 
hood, and on helping the individual toward economic independence," 

Centers. Cottage Place Neighborhood House, 1876; Children's House (now 
Roxbury Neighborhood House), 1878; Moore Slreet Neighborhood House, 1879; Ruggles 
Street Neighborhood House. 1879: North Bennett Street Industrial School, 18S1: Civic 
Service House. 1901 : Social Service House, 1903 (see page 1 19). 

Laliah B. Pingree, 1877-0.-1., 1906: Adelene Moffat, Nov., 1907-. 

Boston Music School Settlement 
no Salem Street 

Established November, tgio, by Daniel Bloomfield "to raise the standard 
of musical appreciation, to develop the neighborhood's musical resources and to 
give to children oflimiled means an opportunity to secure a musical education." 
Supported by subscriptions, and the use of rooms in the Civic Service House. 
Neighbokkood. (Sec Civic Service House, page 108.) The School takes pupils 
' from other districls of the city who are without opportunity of mu: 

s classes in solfeggio and musical history: individual t 
pano. violin, voice, orchestral instruments: monthly concerts by faculty and childrei 


DiReciOft. Professor Waller R. Spalding. 

Llteratuie. Authoriieo Statements. Boston Music School Setllement, 1911. 
Set alia: Music School Setllemeni, Boston Common, Jan. ai, 1911 — Bloomfield, 
Daniel. A Musical Education for Poor Children. Musician, xvi ; 4 (April, 191 1)- ^_ 

Civic Service House ^H 

110-T12 Salem Street. Summer House, West Gloucester, Mass. 

Established October, 1901, by Mrs. Quincy A. Shaw "as a center for 
civic education, recreation, and organization for the common good." "The 
house set out definitely to do specialized settlement work along civic lines, and 
purposed to reach a constituency approaching or within the privileges of citizen- 
ship. Children's work is not included, and social features are made incidental 
to a program of study and service." Maintained by Mrs. Shaw (see p. 107). 

Neighborhood. "The life amidst the extensive water-front, running from the 
South to North Station on one side, the business district on the other, and the great 
marhet district in the middle, surges about the crowded tenement quarter. The docks 
and warehouses, the wholesale groceries and fruit establishments, the immense candy and 
cigar factories, the furniture shops, — these are a tew among the countless industries now 
fast developing in what was once the residential pari of Boston. 

"The North End dwellers of today are chieHy those whose work and necessities 
keep them there — the Italians, on account of the vegetable, fruit and fish markets; the 
Jews, because of Ihe many garment industries which supply not only the local market, but 
a large part of the big business district including some of the largest department stores. 
Almost all the old residences have been demolished or altered into stores or shops, where 
dress goods are made and sold on an enormous scale, while Polish families in the side 
streets are converting old tenements into teeming boarding houses." 

Activities, (i) tafcor.— Instrumental in organizing a number of trade 
unions among garment making and other sweated trades, and has opened its 
rooms for labor meetings at critical periods. Secured a peaceable settlement of 
some labor dilficulties. The Women's Trade Union League was organized in 
the house, (a) Education. — A resident holds the position of Supervisor of 
Licensed Minors, and has developed among some three thousand boys who sell 
papers a unique and far-reaching plan of self-government. Organized the first 
group of graduates of the city night schools, which group is now working to 
secure extended evening educational opportunities for its district. (3) Slreets 
and Sanitaliott. — Secured the co-operation of the young people of Ihe district 
in caring for the city streets, and through its civic work has been able to create 
a more enlightened public opinion in sanitary matters. A member of the house 
was the first woman sanitary inspector in the city and looks after the district. 
The pamphlet, A Handbook for the Citizens, had a city-wide use. {4) Koco- 
tianal. — In January, 1908, Prof. Frank Parsons organized the work of helping 
boys and girls to make the most of their lives by finding and doing the work 
they were probably best fitted to do. Prof. Parsons' method, involving analysis, 
suggestion, and advice, was embodied in his Choosing a Vocation, published 
1909 by Houghton, Miiflin and Company. The Vocation Bureau has since 
been independently organized and with the official recognition and co-operation 


of the school beard is (banning wide service, (j) Chit it^^ttthft. -\i\ tVr- 
operation »ilh its neighbors, has taken a keen inleresi in v«riv«ni ciiy ant) im« 
measures affecting the welfare of the district, and has given of in ttttnglti atltt 
experience as opportunity arose. 

Maintains Ihe Breadwinners' Institute (vith clauci in public <)i«akln|. tlglmtlnii 
liichture, English, biitory, and govcrnmcnO; tpecial vncalional iKlum; nlHlil tvhtnili 

:led wlthubdlnlng tiAlurallialltmi ItttufM, 
Summtr Work, — Hool garil*n; nl||hl ttb'tiil fm linitil- 
dancci; dub mccllngi; vRculluni at \\\t IIuum Camp 

ichool for citizenship: 
public meetings, socials, c 
grants; picnics and e: 
at W«sl Cloucester, Mass. 

Residemts. Women i, men 6. VoLUNTEnm. Womrn A, m«n ii. Mlnu 
Resident. Meyer Bloom fie Id, 1901-19101 Philip Davli, Jan., igii-, 

Literature. 1. Authorueu SrAiKMSNia. Civic Sttvic* \\w\w HmmoI, iviii 
(Contains history.) — CkU Stnicc BuUttin (litued monthly), I, Nii. I (OK, liflH). 
Su also: North End District it a Kindergarten of Amcrleanlim. (Civic 5if rvlcN MmiMt.) 
Boston yoHDuI. Aug.]. 190J — Sewall, John U: ThcAdvjin(«rff lh*N«wNtlj|liWtlnfH. 
CMfrtgjdionalisI and Cbriilian IVorld. Jan, 4, igtM — fafKMII. KMnh; ONiMldfl t 
Vocation. Boston, Houghion. Mifflm and Co.. 1909 — Wooliton, H</r»ni.»; Alrlwifilhf 
Utiienship. Sunty,a\a : 7)9 (Feb. 11. iglo). II. SiuniK* iiv Hi>>ir>*Hr*. Rb'.<mlt#M, 
Meyer: A Handbook for the Citizens, t^dilor, 1906, Some i't'jMUm* lA f>#ir Amrtiftt* 
Covemmenl. May. 190B. Civic Reader for New AnMrtun*. tdlinr. N*w V(>r1t, Atmti- 
un Booh Co. Civic Educaiioa of Sew Amerkan. Phlla, City Clwb ftvHvH*. lyw. 
School Help iaCbowias a Cinxr. Stm Btflen.Hty. 1910. Tb* VfaiM(iofwl(>wM;*iiie«irf 
YmiUl Hoagktaa, Miftin a^ Co., igii. 

Cottage Puce Nckhkmmoov HdMt 

1049 ColoBlbW AvWMK 


Neighborhood. "The neigliborhood of Denison House has undergone a gradual 
change In i[s nationality since the houje was opened in 1891. Many American and Irish 
famiiies have moved away, tlie more prosperous younger generalion as Ihey marry going 
to ihe suburbs, where pieasanler conditions can be had for the same money. In (he places 
left vacant the newly arrived immigrant has settled, and we now have about us a number 
of Syrians, Greeks and Italians. The house is seeking means of meeting their need of 
learning (he laws and customs of their adopted country. One is surprised to lind such a 
variety of social conditions among these people. While many arc very poor and fall nat- 
urally into [he ranks of unskilled labor, there are many others well born and educated, 
though poor, who seek here broader opportunities. These gain but a scant glimpse of the 
attractive side of American lite, though they are quite able to appreciate it. They are 
often made to feel themselves unwelcome intruders by their neighbors in the tenement 
house quarter, for, besides the natural prejudice against foreigners, there is the justifiable 
objection to any people who. by accepting less than current wages, menace the American 
standard of living,"— Report of Head Worker, Denison House, in Report of College Settle- 
ments Association, 1904. 

Activities, (i) Educalional.—lw addition to its sanitary work iti Ihe 
neighborhood, has passed over to the ciiy its public library and reading room 
(1894-) and its gymnasium and bath (1900-). Since 1895 conducts a summer 
school in the neighboring public school building, (j) La&or, ^Keen interest in 
the cause o( trade unionism. Organized several unions among women, and for 
two years the head worker was a delegate to the Central Labor Union. For 
some years the settlement conducted a social science club, which did much to 
bring together represcn la lives of the employing and employed classes. (3) 
fcoHomie .^Carried on special relief work in the winter of 1893-4 (i" connection 
with the mayor's relief committee) and again in 1903 during the coal famine. 
In 1906 a friend opened nearby a co-operative boarding house for young women. 
(4) IVork with Immigrants. — Organized in 1904 the Circolo Italo-Americano. an 
organization ofTering opportunity for Americans to know their Italian neighbors 
and to build up civic and national spirit among the Italians. The settlement 
has made a beginning of performing the same service for the Syrians. 

Maintains modilied milk station and baby clinic; evening dispensary; resident 
nursing service: classesincooking, laundry, hygiene and nursing, sloyd. brass, lace making, 
basketry; an Italian arts and crafts industry; dancing; music lessons (piano and violin); 
chorus singing; arithmetic, English, Shakespeare, French and literature classes. There 
are many clubs for women (English. Italian, Syrian, etc.), young people, and children, with 
varied interests; lectures, concerts, entertainments, dramatics, neighborhood parties, etc. 
SHmmer Wpri .^Vacation school; girls' camp at Point Shiriey; boys' camp at Lake 
Wentworth; picnics and excursions; distribution of ilowers to the sick; co-operation with 
Country Week and other organizations for recreation and rest. 

Residents. Women 16, men i. Volunteers. Women 83, men i). Heab 
Resident. Helena S. Dudley, Sept., 189J-. 

Literature, I. Authohiied Statements. Annual Reports of the College Seltie- 
ments Association. 1893 ff. — Circulars to Candidates for Residence, 1895, 1897 — 
Pamphlet, describing work of Denison House, 111., 1898, (To be obtained from settlemeni) 
— Report of the Denison House Milk Station, 1909. Set alio: New College Settlement. 
CbuTcbman, Nov. 16, 189] — Brown, E. E.: Denison House. CbHTcbntan, Mar. 10, 1894 


I — Dcnuon Houm. Prospect Union Rev., i, Nu, x (April 4. 1894) — Denison Houh. 
ChtiUian tniilligiticer. Aug. r), 1894 — Public Libiary Delivery and a Happy Place fat 
Children, Boilon Transcript. July 36, iSgj — Groivlh of Denison House. Conimims, 
S<pl., 1905, pp, S'4~S — DeniJon House. Kinfilty Houit Ret. (Piitsbufgh), Feb., 1900 
— Denijon House, Boston. Cbarities, xii : 197 (1904) — Work at Denison House. 
Char, and Commons, xiK : 1167 (D«c. 31, 1907]. 

II. Articles hbout the Settlement bv Residents or Directors. Williamson, 
Canrfine L.: Six Monlhs at Denison House. iVilUsUy M.. Feb. 9, 1895 — Dudley, H. S.: 
Women's Work in Boston Settlements (Denison House), Munk, Avoirs, U : 493-6 (Sept., 
1898) — Warren. Cornelia; Denison House. Cenmims, vi, No. 68 (Mar, 1903) — Con- 
verse, Florence: The Denison Dramatic Club. CotHmont, vij. No. 73 (July, 1903) — The 
Boston Seltlemenls and the Coal Distribution, By a Denison House Resident. Boston 
Transcript. See Commons, vii. No. 79 (Feb., 190)} — Mainwaring, Elizabeth: Deni- 
son House (Notes), Commons, viii. No. 81 (Apr., 190)) — Scudder, Vida D.; Denison 
House and the Italians. Commetts, x : 387-390 (May, 1905). 

III. Articles or Social Studies by Residents oh Directors. Dudley, Helena 
S.: Relief Work carried on in the Wells Memorial Institute (under the management of 
Denison House. Boston). American Academy of Political and Social Science. Philadel- 
phia, 1894 — Dana, Mary H.; Stttlement Co-operation in Vacation Schools. Com- 
moni, viii. No. 88 (Nov., 190)) — Coman, Katherine: The Wellesley Alumnz aj Social 
Servants. Reprint from fftlUsUy M., Nov., [904. 

Dorchester House {1907-) 

(Formerly Fields Corner Industrial School, 1886-J891; Gordon House, 1891-1907) 
7 Gordon Place, Dorchester (1899-) 

Established November, 1909, as an outgrowth of a kindergarten and 
industrial classes begun in 1886 by a group of Dorchester people; and later 
expanded into a social center. Aims "to do preventive work by supplying the 
constantly changing needs of its neighborhood either by co-operation with 
existing agencies or by supplying not already existing resources; to, by its 
mmple, its leaching, and its ncighborliness, make better men and women 
both in regard to their home and civic life, thereby doing its share toward 
making a better nation." 

I ncorjwrated November 19, 1909. 

Neichborhood. Situated in a tenement quarter of cottages and three-family 
Icnements. The people, largely of Irish extraction, are capable and efficient industrially. 

Activities. The kindergarten has been turned over to the public school. 

Maintains classes in gymnastics, dancing, cobbling, cane-seating, sewing, little 
housekeepers, embroidery, dressmaking and games; clubs for boys and girls: entertain- 
nwnts; socials; parties; dramatics. Sumnter U'ork. — Kindergarten; garden class; 
oeekly picnics; baseball league; summer classes in basketry, folk dancing and games. 

Residents. Women 2. Volunteers, Women at, men 3, He*d Resident. 
Gtadyt Abbott, Nov. 1. 1909-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements, Reports of Gordon House. (Report for 
1S96-7 contains short history.) 

il3 handbook of settlements 

Elizabeth Peabody House 

87-89 Poplar Street (1501-). 357 Charles Street {1910-). Neighborhoe 

Tenement, 6 Auburn Street (1908-) 

Established April, 1896, by the friends of Elizabeth Palmer Peabody as 
a memorial to her. Incorporated April 32, 1896. "The house is a home open 
to all who come within its influence and for those who live within its four walls." 
It aims "to come in close contact, and be identified with every neighborhood 
interest that may affect ihe welfare of the people in the district in which we are 
living. In this way we hope to secure the best results that can come from the 
union of such principles as those of the kindergarten and the settlement." 
— First Annual Report. 

Neighborhood. The West End, a densely settled and badly overcrowded quarter, 
with much old and unsanitary housing and a corrupt political life. The people arc 
largely Jews with a small admixture of Irish families, and many Italians coming in, 
mostly unskilled laborers with families hardly over the line of real efficiency. 

Activities, Special endeavor to secure for the district a proper street 
cleaning and sanitary service; and to call public attention to the overcrowded 
and unsanitary housing of the quarter. From 1902-1905 supplemented the 
city service by a street cleaning brigade organized among its club members. 
From time to time conducted night or summer schools for immigrants as need 
demanded. The first modified milk station with nursing and medical care for 
babies was inaugurated at the settlement in co-operation with Whiting Brothers 

In co-operation with the school committee started open-air rooms for 
anfemic school children (IHarch, 1910). The house serves lunch to 88 chil- 
dren, and carries on systematic visiting and instruction in the homes of the 

Maintains kindergarten; library; modified milk station; resident nursing service; 
stamp saving; classes in athletics, basketry, brass work, sloyd, clay modeling, sewing, 
dressmnking, cooking, domestic science, dancing and music. There are many clubs for 
men,wcmen.and children, with intellectual, musical and social interests. Summer (fork. — 
Kindergarten; summer school; vacant lot and window box gardening; picnics and ex- 
cursions; vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

FoHMER Location. 156 Chambers St., 1896-1901; 91 Poplar St., 1909-1910 
(Club House for Young Men). 

Residents. Women 9, men a. Head Residents. Martha R. Spaulding, (S96- 
April, 1397; Helen Wilson, April, 1897-Sept., 1897; Caroline M. Dresser, 1897-1900; 
Caroline F. Brown, 1901-June, 1907; Edna Dickerson, 1907-1908; (Mrs.) Eva Whiting 
While, Fall, 1908-. 

L terature. Authoriied Articles. Annual reports, i8g6 ff. See also: Eliz»- 
beth Peabody House, Boston, Camnions, ix: 149 (Apr,, 1904); June, 1904, p. 178; 
X : 1^8 (Mar,, 1905) — Manson, Eljjiabeth E.: The Ideals of a Kindergarten Setllement. 
Kindergaritn Rev., Nov., 



Ellis Memorial and Eldrbdge House (Center) 

12 Carver Street {1900-) 

Housekeeping Center, 9 Winchester Street (1907-). Summer Camp. Mirror 

Lake, N. H, (1905-). Caddy Camp, Bethlehem, N. H. {1910-) 

EsTABLTSHED a Center in the fall of 1901, as the outgrowth of a boys' dub 
begun in October, 188;, by Ida Eldridgc, to which a boys' lodging house was 
aJded in 1890, girls' club in 1896, and a kindergarten and other features in 1901 . 
Aims "to enable the people of one section of the city to become acquainted with 
their neighbors in another section; .... to encourage friendship be- 
tween people whose nationality, opportunities, occupations and religious beliefs 
dilTer widely; .... to develop good citizens; .... and to be a 
place of meeting for those who can use the opportunities we have to offer." 
Incorporated 1900. 

Neighborhood. A lenemenl district, but Ihe business areas are fast crowding the 
houses out. Population 40 per cent Irish, with Itali.ins, Jews, and Syrians fast crowding 
id. The theatres and saloons are ever mulliplying; and their low following from eveiy- 
where, increases in (he neighborhood the drunkenness, robbery, and debauchery. 

Activities. Carried on a boarding house for boys from 1890 to 1907; 
a reading room and public library station. 1895-6; kindergarten 1901-4 (taken 
into public school system); and has supervised the public garden playground 
since 1903. 

Maintains iibracy: savings; kindergarten (co-operation public school); classes in 
dressmaking, sewing, embroidery, housework, cooking, gymnastics, sloyd. printing, scrap- 
book, design, clay modeling, dancing. French, music and travel; cluhs for men, women, 
young people and children; lectures, dramatics, entertainments, socials, etc. Summtr 
Worh. — Supervision of children's sand garden in the Common; caddy camp: summer 
school (in co-operation with Episcopal City Mission); ciKUrsionl in cooperation with 
Fresh Air agencies. 

Workers. Women 7. men a. Volunteers. Women 40, men 10. Head 
Workers. Jane R. McCrady, 1904-1909; Thomas Brennan, 1909-1910. 

Literature. Authoriied Statements. Reports, 18S6 fT. — See Reports Ellis 
Memorial Club, 1865 to 1896; reports 1907 and 190S for history. Sieaho: Ellis Memorial 
Club. HaU Htntit Log. Feb., 1899. 

Hale House 

6 (1897-) and 8 (1901-) Garland Street 

Parker Memorial, Berkeley and Applcton Streets. Camp Hale, Squam Lake, 

Ashland, N. H. (1899-) 

Established November, 1895, by the Tolstoi Club, of which Dr. Edward 

Everett Hale was president, and named after him, "for social betterment, edu-, 

cation in domestic science for girls and civic education for boys and young men." 

"Hale House is primarily a social center for the children of the Dover Street 

neighborhood; secondarily it stands for the advancement of ethical and civic 

standards among its members; and incidentally it supplements the public 

schools in technical training." 1898. Incorporated November ag, 1897. 


Neighborhood. A densely populated tenement neigh burhood, known as the New 
York Slreels, bordering on a factory district. The people are largely Jews, though there 
are some Irish and Italian families. 

AcTiviTEES. Continuous work for the physical betterment of its district. 
In 1902 opened the "Little Playground" in co-operation with the Hawthorne 
Club; and in 1903 took charge of the Boston Female Asylum play yard. In 
the same year the head resident worked with the commission appointed to select 
a playground in Ward Nine, a result of long continued agitation in co-operation 
with other neighborhood agencies. In 1904 secured the use of the neighborhood 
high school hall for basket ball tournaments, a precedent for the city. Conducted 
several sociological conferences, and through public meetings and lectures 
extended its philosophy. 

Maintains library: kindergarten: stamp savings; home savings; cooking school; 
little housekeepers; classes in sewing, dolls' dressmaking, knitting, sloyd, embroidery, 
clay modeling, English, dancing, drawing, athletics, gymnastics, music; social clubs for 
women, young people, and children, with musical, dramatic, literary and social interests; 
many entertainments, lectures, and concerts. Sumnttr tVotk. — Summer school; distribu- 
tion of flowers; window box gardens; excursions and picnics; camp for boys, including an 
all summer section; vacations for giris in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 


Establish ED 1872, and placed in 1908 under the direction of Hale House, 
by the Benevolent Fraternity of Churches. 

Activities. "The scope of the various activities at Parker Memorial is 
sufficiently broad and inclusive to enable this large building to be of real service 
along the particular lines for which it is adapted by structure. location, and 
tradition. It appeals to all sorts and conditions of men and women from all 
parts of Boston. But the Parker Memorial has a direct relation to the South 
End, and its plain duty lies in that direction. From now on the chief aim will 
be to promote in every possible way the better interests of that great district. 
By hearty co-operation with all citizens and all agencies that work constructively, 
and by an intelligent understanding of the problems of the neighborhood, to- 
gether with a human sympathy for those who have to face them day by day, we 
may hope to make the Parker Memorial a local center for the furtherance by 
the people themselves of all that is best in the South End of Boston." 

Maintains classes for young women in millinery, dressmaking, embroidery, cook- 
ing, dancing, physical culture; gymnastics for young men and boys; Sunday morning 
kindergarten; Saturday morning kindergarten band; dub and reading room for men; 
young children's library; an English literature club; Sunday afternoon concerts and Sun- 
day evening civic lectures. 

Provides headquarters for the work of the Benevolent Fraternity of Churches, the 
Flower Mission, Boston Social Union, Lowell Institute lectures, social work with colored 
people under a special committee. Hall space granted to many local clubs and outside 
organizations for public meetings and social gatherings. Also provides special op por- 
lunities for dramatics, folk dances, and kindergarten training. 

Former Location, a Decatur St., iSgj-iSg?. 



ResiDiNTS. Women $, men 7. Volunteers. Women 50, men 14. Heao 
Residents. W. C. Green. 1895-1897; Lincoln E, Brown, Feb,, 1897-1899; A. Inbel 
Wtnslow, Sept., 1899-1906; Harry Blake Taplin, 1906-. 

Literature. Authohiieo Statements. Annual Reports, 1898 ff. — Halt 
Houit Lot, '■ No. I {Sept., 1897). Set alio: Lee, G. W.: Hale House Farm. Nfiv Eng- 
land M., N. S., xxviii : 341 (April, 1903) — Hale House, Boston. Commons, ix : 148 
(Aprit, 1904). 

Hawthorne Club (Center) 
3-4 Garland Street 

Founded July, 1899, by Lilian V. Robinson and Pauline Ingraham to 
reach some of the children in the vicinity of St. Stephen's church. In October 
this group of children began meeting under the newly formed St. Stephen's 
Neighborhood Committee. In 190T the Hawthorne Club was organized as a 
purely non-sectarian center. Aims "to do neighborhood work, especially 
industrial class work among the younger children of the district, i. e., children 
between five and ten; but children so admitted grow up in the club." 

NeiOHBORhiooD. "The people are largely Jewish and Italian, with a few Irish and 
German Catholics. A block away from our club houses, on the other side of Washington 
Street. Is the tenement district known as "the New York Streets' from which the larger 
part of our club members come. Just about us is Ihe great criminal quarter, from Dover 
Street to Davis Street and beyond. In this quarter there are the homes of a small propor- 
tion of our club members, wbom poverty forces to remain there." 

Activities, i. CiWc.^The "United Workers" was organized September, 
1908, at the Hawthorne Club. It represents various interests in the church, 
Ihe settlements near the club, the District Nursing Association, medical in- 
terests, etc. Us object is to better conditions in the district. It has worked 
in co-operation with other agencies for a playground (the Randolph Street); 
on the tuberculosis problem; on the housing problem; and for better schools. 
3. £(fBiraiion .^Various efforts to secure better elementary schools. The Haw- 
thorne Club playground is used by the Way Street School two afternoons a 
week for play sessions. By its teaching on "civic hygiene" the club has secured 
a good deal of interest among children (and their parents) on that subject. The 
Hawthorne Library League, organized in igo), has a membership of one thou- 
sand children. Employed a school secretary to work under the teachers in one 
of the elementary schools near the club. Gave a series of vocal and instru- 
mental concerts in the hall of the Quincy School, covering two winters; also 
exhibits of gymnastics, basket-ball and dancing. Flower show; industrial 
exhibit (in the Andrews School); health show (other agencies co-operating) 
in the Hawthorne Club playground; exhibits of children's work under the Col- 
legiate Alumna; the International Congress on Tuberculosis (co-operation of 
the Louisa Alcott Club), etc. 3. Heallb.~The Club secured the co-operation 
of the District Nursing Association in providing a nurse for the neighborhood 


Maintaiks classes in housekeeping, sewing, cooking, sloyd, basketry, muuc, 

drawing, leather work, arl classes, lace making and hygiene; visits to museums. The club 
has been very successful in its questions (or answers (with prizes) on various artistic, 
civic, hygienic, and other subjects. Medical work for children. Summer Work. — Play- 
ground; summer classes; vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Volunteers. Women )a, men ii. 

Literature. Authobjzed Statements. Articles in pamphlet form can be had by 
addressing Miss Lilian V. Robinson, 4 Garland St., Boston. Set alio: Robinson, Lilian V.: 
Civic Hygiene. Sumy, xxiv 1875-877 (Sept, 24, 1910), 


1 1 Armstrong Street, Jamaica Plain 

Founded March 7. 1911, by the Homemaking Club of Boston (composed 
of graduates of the Garland Training School). Aims " to assist in the improve- 
ment of home conditions among wage-earners." 

Maintains lectures on child study; food work and household management, 

Uteratuie. Leaflets published by the club. Set alio: Club Women in 
Flat, Herald. Mar, 8, 1911. 

For information address Ruth N. Faxon. 39 Wilhston Road, Brookline, Ma! 


Jamaica Plain Neighborhood House 

(Formerly Helen Weld House, 1897-1907) 
23 Carolina Avenue (1910-), Jamaica Plain (Boston) 

Established 1909. The outgrowth of a social center organized (by com 
bining a working girls' club, 1890, with a boys' club. 1894) October, 1897, by a 
group of women "as a social center for neighborhood work." Incorporated 
April I, 1902. Maintained by subscription. 

Neighborhood, The neighborhood is a lenemcnl quarter of apartments and 
small homes, and the neighbors are largely of Irish descent. 

Activities. Instrumental in obtaining a city playground and has since 
supervised the equipment. Provides expert supervision and hopes to induce 
the city to undertake this work. 

Maintains classes in clay modeling, paper sloyd, lettering, brass hammering, 
basketry, cobbling, whittling, sloyd, cane seating, printing, sewing, embroidery and knit- 
ting; game room, social ctubs, gymnastics, etc. Summer IVork. — Playground of about 
three acres; two ball fields; supervised play for children and boys. 

Former Location, Lamertine St., 1897-. 

Head Resident. Howard P. Bourne, 1909-. Volunteers. Women 33, men 
4. Former Directors. Mr. and M.S. William Locke. Sally E, Beck, (Mrs,) Adde B. 

Literature. Annual Reports. 


^^^^^^^^^ Library Club House 

^^^^^^^r^ Paul Revere Pottery 

i8 Hu!I Street. Summer Camp, West Gloucester, Mass. 
Established November, 1908, by Mrs. James J. Storrow (as an out- 
growth of social work begun by librarians in the neighborhood branch library 
in 1898) "for civic educational work among' girls and women, and loestablisha 
properly conducted summer wage-earning industry for girls, who need to earn 
money in order to prolong their school life." Maintained by Mrs. Storrow, 
The pottery bids fair to be self-supporting in the near future. 

Neighborhood. A crowded tenement quarter. The people arc largely Jews and 

Maintains pottery (designing, modeling, decorating, glazing nnd sales shop on the 
premiMs): classes in drawing and decorating; story hour groups (graded and progressive, 
racial-educational work based on stories and literature). The various groups present 
plays. Weekly lectures on civic questions; informal social meetings and parties; mothers' 
meetings weekly. 

Residents. Women 4. VotuNTEEas. Women 30. Head Residents. Edith 
Guerrier(DirectorofLibraryand Social Work, i8g8-); Edith Brown (Director of Pottery, 
Nov., T908). 

Lincoln House 

68 Emerald Street (March. 191 1-) 

80 Emerald Street (1904-}, Summer House, Oslerville, Mass. (1895-) 

Established as a neighborhood center in February, 1895. as an outgrowth 
of a boys' club established in the spring of 1887 by Josephine Allen (Mrs. B. 
Preston Clark) and Louise Williams. Residence maintained from February, 
189^-1899, since which date the house has been carried on as a non-resident 
center. "The main purpose of Lincoln House is to provide means through 
which the better forces of the neighborhood may make themselves effective. 
It involves co-operation with all good organizations, with churches, schools and, 
most of all, with families; for in the South End it is the family life which suffers 
most from the ills of over-population. Fathers and mothers whose whole 
energy is needed to provide food, shelter and clothing, see the evil iniluences 
that surround their children and feel powerless to combat them single-handed. 
Yet none can fight these evils successfully except the men and women who 
know them by daily and bitter experience. The outsider can help; in rare 
instances he may lead; but when all else is said and done, the neighborhood 
will decide, for about the only service the outsider can render is to stimulate the 
civic spirit and encourage neighborhood initiative.'^ 

Neighborhood. The South End of Boston in a congested lenemert district, 
near a great lodging house quarter. The people are largely unskilled laborers of Irish and 
Jewish eitraclion. with a sprinkling of other peoples. 

Activities, Constant work in co-operation with its membership for 
the bettennent of the physical, educational, and moral conditions of its neigh- 



borhood. The settlement looks toward ultimate self-government and sdf- 
support. lis government is now in the hands of two boards which together 
outline and direct its policy; namely, the directors, a self-perpetuating body of 
tried workers of long experience; and the council, a representative body elected 
by the older clubs from their membership. 

Majnt^ins savings bank; kindergarten (co-operation Board of Educalion); modi- 
fied milk station; nursv; medical dispensary: library; classes for boys and men in sloyd, 
carpentry, cabinet making, drawing, design, modeling and pottery, basketry, dancing; 
gymnasium classes and events; play room: classes for women and girls in elementary and 
advanced sewing, embroidery, crocheting, knlning, millinery, housekeeping, cooking, 
basketry, drawing, folk dancing, and girls' gymnasium and play room; clubs for adults, 
young people and children: weekly dances: many enlertainments, etc. SHmmtr tfork. — 
Summer school; open gymnasium and shower baths; roof garden: clubs; dispensary; 
flowers for sick; window box gardens; vacations at Ihe Summer House at Ostervilie; 
vacations In co-operation with Fresh Air agencies; annual Held day; excursions and 

Former Locations, i ug Washington St., Fall, T887; i) Burroughs Place, 1887- 
1889: Carver St„ iSSg-iSgo; Pleasant St., iSgo-iSgj; ti6-iM Shawmut Ave., iSgj- 
1904. The Association is about to purchase a residence house for a group of workers, 

He*d Workers. WilliamA. Clark, 1895-1901 (in residence February, 1895-1899); 
Maurice M. Brent, 1901-1902; John D. Adams, 190J-. 

Literature. 1, Authorized Akticles. Annual Bulletin (which is very full), 
1899 — Lincoln House Report, 1896; [899, 1900 — Lincoln House Manual, tgoi — 
Annua! Report, T901, 190J, 1904, 1905, 1906, T907, 1908, 1909 — Special articles in 
The Lincoln Rntirw. and Lincoln House Monlbly. — Exercises in celebration of Twentieth 
Anniversary, 1907. See also: Lincoln House. Kingslty House Rtc, March, 1900 — 
From Lincoln House, Boston, to Gordon House, New York. Commons, vi, No, 68 {March, 
1903) ^ Report of Opening of New Building, Commons, \x : 328 Ou'y. '9n4) ~^ The 
Neighborhood, A Record of Local Events and Aims. Printed and published by and for the 
members of Lincoln House at 80 Emerald St., Boston. See ThiCommons.'n.^o. 1 (1904) — 
Lincoln House, Boston, Commons, x : ^6 (Jan., 1905) — Jenkins, James: Lincoln House, 
Boston. Char, and Commons, xvii : 686-687 'Jan. 11, 1907). 

II. Stuoies Bv Residents. Social Work. Eight Monographs. William A.Clark, 
editor. Published by Lincoln House. Boston (out of print). Subjects: I, Games and Plays; 
II. Camps for Boys: III, Pari I, School Yards; Pari II, Play Rooms; IV. Vacatioo 
Schools; V. The Lincoln House Play-work System: VI, Part I. Boys' Clubs; Vil. Pu^ 
II, Boys' Clubs. IS 

Louisa Alcott Club (Center) ^H 

I <j Oswego Street 

Founded November, 1895, by Isabel Hyams "to teach homemaking." 
Maintained by its founder. 

Neighborhood. "X^ii lower South End, a mixed factory and tenement quarter, 
largely populated by Jews and Italians, 

Maintains. The club works especially with children, carrying its interest into 
every department of the child's welfare, and so into the home. Summer Work. — Vacatioi; 
house in Hingham, Mass. 

Former Locations, g Rochester St.; 17 Oswego St. 

For iDformallon address Miss Hyams. 

^^^^^^^^^m MASSACHUSETTS 11^ 

North Bennet Street Industrial School 

}9 North Bennet Street (1881-); 55 Tileson Street (190S-). Social Service 

House, 37 North Bennei Street (1905-) 

EsTABLisHEO June, 1S81, by Mrs. Qtiincy A. Shaw "for industrial train- 
ing." "The .... school is an institution for educational and social 
improvement and for research and experiment in educational and social methods. 
.... The clubs are a means of recreation and also of modifying ideals 
of life through human association. Through this association is aroused an 
interest, desire and will lo establish better economic and social conditions. 
This purpose, once aroused, seeks opportunity for gaining wage-earning ability 
as a necessary step in advancement. The industrial classes supply the elements 
of several trades. The clubs furnish valuable opportunities for helping boys 
and girls to know their vocational aptitudes, lo form industrial ideals, to under- 
stand their obligations to their employers, and to study the laws governing their 
employment as well as opportunities for personal culture and recreation." 
The Social Service House was established in October, 1902. by Mrs. Quincy A. 
Shaw, and given to the corporation of the North Bennet Street Industrial School 
in 1905. In 1908 it became an integral part of the school, and in 1909 was made 
the center of the social work of the larger institution. Incorporated i88j. 
Supported by subscription and a grant from the city for the maintenance of a 
substation of the Boston Public Library. 

Neighborhood. The North End, a densely populated tenement house quarter of 
the city. The people are largely llalLans and Jews. They are rapidly passing from a con- 
dition of poverty which prevents education, and their greatest need seems to be training 
as producers and as consumers, so that they may be more constantly and wholesomely 
employed, and better paid, and may secure beiler returns for money expended. 

Activities. It is the policy of this institution to modify its work to in- 
clude new activities as the older forms are undertaken by the city. In i88j 
such public school pupils as had the consent of parents, and the local member 
of the school board, were received during school hours for instruction in cooking 
and housekeeping, woodwork, printing, shoemaking and clay modeling. This 
was the first opportunity for instruction in industrial work offered the school 
children of Boston. Since 1885 the Industrial School has acted as an experi- 
ment station for the Boston public schools, being authorized to receive classes 
from neighboring public grammar schools. In 1891, largely we believe through 
the influence of this school, manual training was made compulsory in Boston 
schools; but owing to inadequate equipment in neighboring schools, the In- 
dustrial School has continued to conduct such classes at its own expense. In 
1887 cooking was partially established in the public schools of Boston, the initial 
steps having been taken in this school. In 1891 the city assumed the expense 
of the cooking classes, and the kindergarten which had been carried on by the 
Industrial School since [880; and in 1895 the cooking was removed to the 
Hancock School where it was adequately provided for. The kindergarten was 
also removed in 190;. 


A special group of girls from the sixth and seventh grades of the HancoclT 

School was organized in [907 to receive ten hours per week of industrial training 
at North Bcnnet Street as a special preparation for entrance to the Trade School 
for Girls or for early wage-earning. This was one of the first attempts in this 
country to provide a modified grammar school course adapted to the needs of 
girls who will leave school early to enter the industries. The results of this 
experiment were studied by the leading educators and formed the basis of other 
modified courses in Newton, Rochester, Albany, and Cleveland. A further 
experimental effort to save the wasted years (14-16) tor boys destined for in- 
dustrial pursuits was started in 1909. A class of boys, 13 and 14 years of age, 
was formed for a modified course in academic and industrial work covering at 
least two years. 

In 1881 3 circulating library and reading rooms were opened, and in 1899 
a branch of the Boston Public Library, which had been stationed in the Hancock 
School, was removed to the Industrial School building. Story-hour groups 
were formed in connection with the library in 1896, were organized into clubs in 
190T. and in 1908 were removed to the Library Club House. 18 Hull Street 
(not under the management of the North Bennet Street Industrial School), 
Gymnasium classes were started in t886 and attendance steadily increased, 900 
being enrolled in 1908-1909. With the opening of the municipal gymnasium 
on North Bennet Street, young people were urged to attend those classes and the 
work of this school was confined to folk dancing especially with young children. 
Baths were opened in r888 and facilities greatly increased in 1907. In 1907 
this school was instrumental in the opening of the Paul Revere School Baths to 
the public in the evenings. These baths became very popular. After the 
opening of the municipal baths in 1909 in connection with the municipal gym- 
nasium, only children too young to be received at those baths were admitted at 
the Industrial School baths. The municipal gymnasium and baths were both 
attended by school workers whose suggestions resulted in improved service. 

In 1907, through special subscriptions, the North Bennet Street Industrial 
School secured a nurse for each of the North End school districts. Both nurses 
were employed the last half of the school year and one through the summer for 
the vacation schools. With the beginning of the fall term the work was taken 
up by nurses appointed by the city. In [909 the school joined with other 
agencies in providing a salary and securing the appointment of a school visitor. 

In 1906 a lot was secured from the city, cultivated by boys connected 
with the Social Service House, and later added to the gardens in charge of the 
Boston School Gardens Committee. A vacation school was started in 1885 as a 
pioneer in the effort to educate and give recreation lo the children of the North 
End. Classes in various forms of handwork were conducted for both girls 
and boys; also a large kindergarten. When the Hancock School was opened 
in the summer of 1902 as a public vacation school for girls, the classes in the 
Industrial School the next three years were entirely for boys with the exception 
of the kindergarten and a sloyd class. Later, more vacation schools and play- 
grounds were opened to provide for little children and the school turned its 

attention to technical training of pupils about to leave school. In 1906 a group 
of girls followed ihe preparatory course of the Boston Trade School for Girls. 
Cabinet making and printing were offered Ihe following year. With the closing 
of the city vacation schools in this district, both boys and girls were again re- 
ceived in elementary industrial work. The Sloyd Training School, established 
in 18S8, was removed from Ihe Rice School on Appleton Street to this building 
in 1S8; and maintained under separate management until 1909, when it was 
removed to a new building on Harcourt Street. In 1908 the school undertook a 
series of economic studies of the North End. 

A study of the public schools of the district was undertaken, and a report 
upon the Hancock School was prepared by O. F. Hall of Harvard College. 
A study of property ownership has been made, and a study of the economic 
status of the families has been begun. A tenement investigation in connection 
with the committee of Ihe Civic League covered 296 tenement houses in the 
North End. Studies of the milk supply of the North End, and of the exposure 
of fruits and vegetables, resulted in better conditions. Doubtful business 
enterprises and dangerous resorts have been investigated. 

MAINTAINS a delivery slation of the Boston Public Library; reading rooms; sta- 
tions of Ihe District Nunlng .Association, and of Ihe Animal Rescue League; day nursery 
(aot under the school); hall used as a meeting place for a number of neighborhood so- 
cieties. Itulutttial CUtsa: i. Public School Classes— (a) Boys of the Eliot School, 
Grades v-viii and two ungraded. Woodwork, printing, or clay modeling, (b) Voca- 
tional class of girls from the Hancock School. Sewing, textiles, design. Cooking, laun- 
dry work, and general housekeeping, (c) Vocational class for boys. Arithmetic, English, 
pography, history and drawing: woodwork and printing, a. Elementary neighborhood 
classes, children under Fourteen years of age. — Woodwork, printing, clay modeling, ele- 
mentary and advanced seeing, little housekeepers, knitting and crafts. ). Evening 
industrial classes, pupils over fourteen years of age. — Woodwork and turning, printing, 
advanced clay modeling and plaster casting, architectural modeling, pottery, stone carving, 
wood carving, drawing, dressmaking, cooking, crafts. 4. Saturday rooming classes for 
teachers and craftsmen. ;. Vacation school. Ntm-Itiduslrial claiut: Gymnastics, mili- 
tary drill, social and folk dancing, singing, orchestral music. Olber Neitbborbood Wotk: 
Social Service House — Center of home life and visiting: Clubs, stamp savings, garden- 
ing, summer outings, baths. 

RESioexTS. Women ). Nok-Resjde.nt Paid Teacher akd Wokkers. Women 
ai, men 8. Volukteers. Women ;;. men [4. Director. Alvin E. Dodd. Head 
Resident Social Service House and Supervisor of Social Work. Mrs. Z. J. S. 
Brown, 1901-1909; Alice P. Vanslon, 1909-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Reports of North Bennet Street In- 
dustrial School. See especially. Report for 1909. 

Robert Gould Shaw House 
[ 6 Hammond Street (1908-) 

Men's Club, 660 Shawmut Ave. (Dec, 1910-) 
Established February, 1908, as an outgrowth of work among N^roes 
begun in 190a by the South End House, "to provide a center for social work 



lie of the South End." "The h 

.s estabCs 

among the colored pec 
give colored people the same privileges that other settlements are giving people 
of other races, but it does not shut out other races. It seeks to secure better 
opportunities for the Negro — industrially, educationally and socially — by 
helping him to become better fitted for larger opportunities; to lessen prejudice 
by bringing about a better understanding between the white and colored races; 
and to achieve its purpose through the co-operation of both white and colored." 
Maintained by subscriptions. 

Nejchbokkood. There is a Negro problem in Boston which in many of its phase) 
i* an inheriiance from aboiition days. In addition there it a rapid increase of the colored 
population, especially through immigration from the Soulh. The house is situated 
midst of a colored population of between four and tive thousand and easily 
10 colored people from other parts of Boston and vicinity. 

Maintains classes in cooking, sewing, millinery, embtcudery; boys' brigade; 
gymnastic club; clubs for women, young people and children. A number of neighbor- 
hood groups, organized for musical, social, relief, and religious ends, use the house as a 
meeting place. Lectures and entertainments. SHmmer Work. — Playroom: picnics and 
excursions: flower distribution; vacations for children in cooperation with Fresh Ait 

Former Locations. Home library established in Bradford St.. 1900: St, Marten's 
House established at j; Bradford St.. March. 1901; Church of St. John the Evangelist. 478 
Shawmut Avenue (Social work conducted by the South End House), tijo;-?; 318 North- 
ampton Street, 1907. 

Residents. Women a. Voluhteers. Women 18, men 6. Head Residents. 
Augusta P. Eaton, rgoa-igio; Isabel Eaton, Oct.. T910-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Reports of the South End House 190a. 
1904, 190;, 1906, 1907, 1908 — Reports Robert Gould Shaw House. 1908, 1909 — 
Leaflets. _ 

The Roxburv League (Center) 
Albert Palmer School, Eustis and Palmer Streets (1903-). Roxbury (Bosti 

Founded January. 1903. Object: Utilization of public school buildings 
during evening hours for recreation, education and training in good citizenship 
of young working men between fifteen and twenty years of age. Maintained 
by private individuals, the chapters constituting the league, and the school 

Neighborhood. A mixed factory, tenement house, and cottage quarter. The 
people are largely Irish. 

Maintains athletics and inter-center contests; social gatherings and dancing: 
lectures and entertainments; orchestra; glee club: printing class and a league paper: 
junior city council; training in conduct of business meetings: debating; table games and 
reading: daily discussion of current events; priie papers on civic and industrial atfairs: 
district betterment work, such as the help given in securing a ward playground. 

Location. Aaron Davis School, Yeoman St., Jan. 1. i90]<Oct., 190). 

Paid Workers. Director. One leader for each of the five chapters, and teai 
for printing class, orchestra and glee club. Director. James T. Mulroy, Jin. 

Literature. Tbt Leapu Leader. March, 1905-April, 1910. Published m 


RoXBURY Neighborhood House 

858 Albany Street 

Established June. 190;, by the union of the Children's House (founded 
by Mrs. Qutncy A. Shaw in 1878 as a day nursery and later developed into 
neighborhood house) and the Roxbury House (established as the Ben Adhem 
House in November, 1895). Incorporated, 1905. (See p. 107.) 

Neichbokkood. a mined fatlory and lenemenl quarter beyond the congested 
potlion of the city, yet with much crowding, some bad housing and a good deal of neglect. 
The people are largely of Irish eilractlon and there h much poverty. 

Activities. Efforts to better the physical conditions of its neighborhood; 
and a part in securing a new playground. 

Maintains day nursery; kindergarien; library; savings service in homes and 
factories; gymnasium work for bolh sexes; classes in cooking, dressmaking, millinery, 
civil service, sloyd, cane-seating, basketry, clay modeling, city history, art, piano, dancing, 
chorus, orchestra: ctubi for men, women, young people and children with dramatic, liter- 
ary and social aims; neighborhood meetings for men and women. Sumner Work. — Day 
oursery; kindergarten; sloyd; cane-sealing and basketry; sewing; children's chorus; 
playground; milk station and babies' clinic. Rooms open for "little mothers" and balhs 
for babies; bi-monthly club meetings; excursionsand camping parties; mothers' meetings 

Residents. Women 6, men 1. Voi-Unteeks. Women 73. men 18. Head 
Resident. Mary H. Burgess. 1S87-. 

Literature. Autuokiied Statements. Report. April. 1907, 1908-1909. Set 
aiso: Burgess, M. H,: Evolution of the Children's House. Kindtriarten Res., March, 
190a — Burgess, M. H.: Day Nursery Work. Read before Soulh Boston Day Nursery 
Association and National Conference of Charities, Denver, Colo. — Burgess, M. H,; 
Stamp Saving System as Applied 10 Day Nursery Work — in Report of Conference of 
Day Nurseries, April, iSgS. Chicago. 

visiting by resider 

features of the w 

reading room opened 1890; 

Children's House 
Day nursery and kindergarten established in 1878 by Mrs. Shaw. Home 
1 to mothers in home making important 
ing classes established 1879; children's library and 
clubs organized 1891; station of Stamp Savings 
Society opened 1892; called Children's House, 1897; house joined Soulh End 
Social Union, 1903. Incorporated, 190;. Combined with Roxbury House, 


Ben Adhem House 
Established November, 1895, by Mr. and Mrs. Wiliard H. Ashton and 
Mr, E, A. Pennock to "elevate the family." Reorganized and incorporated 
June 1 1, 1900, as the Roxbury House. " It has not been deemed expedient to 
take active interest in the broad problems with which many settlements are 
Struggling, such as the school questions, municipal affairs, and labor organiza- 


tions. Instead we have contented ourselves with working out the problem of 
Roxbury House from the standpoint of the home; that is, we have endeavored 
to give to our people some of the advantages that those in more luxurious cir- 
cumstances enjoy in their homes. We have games and amusements to keep 
children off the street; educational and industrial classes for the studious and 
ambitious; entertainments and parties where our neighbors can meet for social 
enjoyment, as they cannot in their own cramped quarters." 

Maintained kindergarten: stamp savings work in factories and homes; library; 
rumniage sale; game room; classes in dressmaking, sewing, mill inery, embroidery, darning 
and patching, crocheting, sloyd, chair-caning, book-repairing, basket- weaving, dancing, 
piano, violin, singing, Shakespeare, coaching; clubs for adults, young people and children; 
numerous socials, etc. The House for a time h;id a resident nurse, and dental parties lo 
the city clinics. Summer iVork. — Picnics and vacations in co-operalion with Fresh Air 

Locations. Ben Adhem House, 24 Wall St., 189$-; Corner Dayton Ave. and 

Wall St., -[905. 

Head Residents. Wjllard H. Ashlon, 1895-1900 (Ben Adhem House); Sarah 
Perry Browning, igoo-iijos (Roxbury House). 

Literatuie, Ben Adhtm House; Reports, February, [897, and October, 1899; 
See also: Manning, Helen L, : Work of Ben Adhem House. Jour, of Praclicai Melaphyiici, 
Nov., 1B96. Roxbury Home: Annual Reporls, 1900-1; 1901-3; 1903-); l9o}-^; 
1904-;. See alio: Browning, Sarah Perry: Ronbury House. Commons, viii. No. 81 
(April. 190)). 

RuGGLES Street Neighborhood House 
Residence House, 155 Ruggles Street. Club House, 147 Ruggles Street 

Established 1879. Incorporated September 29, 1902, by Mrs. Quincy 
A. Shaw (see page 107). 

Neighborhood. A mixed factory and tenement quarter. The neighbors are 
Negro, Irish, and Jewish. The life of the district is wholly un picturesque, characteriied 
by a dull and hopeless commonplaceness; varied by some drunkenness and rowdyism. 

Activities. In co-operaiion with the Woman's Municipal League, the 
house has worked for better streets, markets, milk service, etc. Succeeded in 
securing the reopening of a city gymnasium which had been closed. 

Maintains kindergarten (co-operation with board of education); classes in ath- 
letics, sloyd, carpentry, dressmaking, sewing, embroidery, chair caning, basketiy, leather 
work, passe partout, drawing, orchestra and chorus. Clubs for young people and adults; 
lectures, entertainments, parlies, dances, excursions lo art galleries, etc. Summer Work.~ 
Playground; summer school; excursions; summer gardens for children and mothers; 

Resii'Ents. Women i, men a. Volunteers. Women 13, men 5. Head Resi- 
dents. Catherine Soper (Mrs. C. S. Eastwood); Caroline Auld; Mary Bumelt, Sept, 



South End House 

Headquarters: Men's Residence and Housekeeping Apartments, ao-23 
Union Park (1901-. 1909-). Women's Residence, 43-45 East Canton Street 
(tc»o-, 1906-). Souih Bay Union, Neighborhood Town Hall, 636-640 Harri- 
son Avenue (1903-). Room Registry and Boarding Club. 171 W. Brooktine 
Street (1907-). Residence Head of the House, 16 Bond Street (1902-). 
South End Music School (Affiliated), 19 Pembroke Street (1910-). Summer 
Homes: Children, Winning Farm, Lexington, Mass.; Older Boys, Brefton Inn 
Caddy Colony, Bretton Woods, N.H.; Young Women, Camp Content. Little 
Scbago Lake, Maine. 

Established October, 1891, by Professor William J. Tucker of Andover 
Theological Seminary, and called unril 1895 the Andover House. Aims: "The 
house is designed to stand for the single idea of resident study and work in the 
neighborhood where it may be located. , , . The whole aim and motive 
is religious, but the method is educational rather than evangelistic. A second, 
though hardly secondary, object .... will be lo create a center, for 
those within reach, of social study, discussion, and organization." — Circular 
No, I. October 9, 1891. 

"The house aims to bring about a better and more beautiful life in its 
neighborhood and district and to develop new ways (through study and action 
in this locality) of meeting some of the serious problems of society." — 1896. 

"To foster and sustain the home under tenement conditions; to rehabili- 
tate neighborhood life and give it some of that healthy corporate vitality which a 
wetl-ordercd village has; to undertake objective investigations of local condi- 
tions; to aid organized labor both in the way of inculcating higher aims and 
in the way of supporting its just demands; to furnish a neutral ground where 
separated classes, rich and poor, professional and industrial, capitalist and wage- 
earner, may meet each other on the basis of common humanity; to initiate 
local co-operation for substantial good purposes; to strive for a belter type of 
local politics, and to take part in municipal affairs as they alTect the district; 
to secure for the district its full share of all the best fruits of the city's intellectual 
and moral progress; and lo lead people throughout the city to join in this aim 
and motive."— Woods, Robert A,: The City Wilderness, p. 374. 1898. 

"Its aim is to work directly in one neighborhood, indirectly through the 
city as a whole, for the organic fulfillment of all the responsibilities, whether 
written down or implied, for the well being of the community, that attach to the 
citizen in a republic." — Feb. 5, 1904- 

Incorporatcd 1897. 

Activities. I. Investigation. — The work of the house was initiated 
with thepublicationof the first adequate study of settlements and allied forms o( 
social enterprise in England. The objective study of neighborhood, district. 
and city conditions constitutes an important part of its work, and a considerable 
body of material dealing with phases of city life and institutions has been pub- 
lished. Members of the house have been called to do similar work in Pittsburgh, 
Buffalo, etc., and to direct two inquiries of national scope into the history and 
status of the settlement movement. 


II. Efforts for DrsTBicT Improvement, (i) Housing. — Assisted in 
several studies of housing conditions; represented in the directorate of a model 
buildings company; presented testimony before various commissions; and had 
3 part in securing the present adequate law. By detailed study of its neighbor- 
hood and co-operation with the city departments, has been able to assist in the 
enforcement of the building code. 

(3) Streets and Samlation.-~\ mproved the sanitary service of the district 
by acting as a center to receive complaints; and by initiating and co-operating 
with neighborhood clubs and district improvement associations. 

(3) Play Spaces. — Co-operated with the various city-wide endeavors tor 
parks and playgrounds, and helped to secure the present Ward Nine play- 
ground. Endeavors to secure the adequate use of the playground by providing 
direction for groups of children and young people. Has maintained vacant lot 

{4) Public School and Education. — Co-operates with neighborhood public 
schools through visitation, meetings with teachers, conferences, work for back- 
ward children, etc. A resident acts as home and school visitor. The head resi- 
dent has long interested himself in the development of the idea of industrial 
education, pointing out the present waste of years between fourteen and sixteen 
in the case of working children, and served in 1906 as temporary secretary of the 
state commission on industrial education. Through the publicity given to the 
Franklin Fund, helped save the fund to its present use in the Franklin Union. 

(5) Labor. — Residents early established acquaintance with trade union 
leaders, and the head of the house acted as treasurer of the relief committee of 
the Central Labor Union in 1893-4. The unions co-operated with the settlement 
in securing the Dover Street bath house; in organizing several series of confer- 
ences on labor matters; and in efforts (or arbitrating strikes. Secures a union 
of forces between agencies for general social betterment and the trade unions in 
matters before the city government and the state legislature. Rendered valu- 
able service in bringing about the complete change of front on the part of the 
labor unions toward industrial education. Several studies of women's work 
have been made, and aid has been given in organizing several women's unions 
and the Women's Trade Union League. An investigation into the work of chil- 
dren leaving school was in part responsible for the present law providing for the 
licensing of boys engaged in street trades by the school board. 

(6) Political and Civic— Jivz head resident has served actively for many 
years as a member of the Public Franchise League, which secured the muni- 
cipal ownership of Boston's subways; and for ten years was a member of 
the Municipal Bath Commission, The settlement co-operates with the better 
grade of politicians in the neighborhood and district leaders are stimulated 
to secure public improvements. Out of its studies into political machinery 
came the bill by which aldermen were elected at large, and residents took an 
active part in the campaigns of 1905-6 and 1909-10 on issues which transcended 
party lines. Residents have always worked for the candidates of the Public 
School Association. 



(7) Economic. — Active in the relief work of the crisis of 189 j-4. A dub of 
business men was organized which opened two restaurants; made an investiga- 
tion into unemployment; hastened a state appropriation for the employment of 
labor; and a slate commission on unemployment. Acted as 3 center for distri- 
bution in the coal strike of 1902. From time to time se^^-ed as a center for the 
sale of coal in small lots, and for two years maintained a restaurant and counter 
for the sale of cooked food. A lace making experiment conducted for several 
years later Eiecame an independent enterprise. Conducts the largest stamp 
savings center in New England. 

(8) Legislation. — The head resident has strongly urged and earnestly 
Striven for the gradual segregation from the community of its degenerate and de- 
graded types. An active part has been taken in securing the Massachusetts 
legislation against the tramp evil; Mr. Woods was appointed chairman of the 
board of trustees of the State Hospital for Dipsomaniacs (1907), and had a part 
in securing the passage of a bill (1910} to separate licenses for the sale of liquor 
for consumption at a bar from licenses for the sale by bottles or cans for home 
consumption; the number of licenses also being greatly reduced. 

(9) Moral. — Constant watchfulness as to the standing of the saloons, etc. 
of the quarter. Has been able from lime to time to influence the city depart- 
ments to action. Much work for the moral rescue of individuals has been 
undertaken. In co-operation with variousctty societies residents have contrib- 
uted to the total effort for a belter standard of social morality. Active in the 
campaign which secured the juvenile court, and co-operates with its officers in 
various ways. 

(10) HeaUb.^\ pioneer in the an ti- tuberculosis campaign In the city; 
maintained for some years a dispensary for the sale of milk for infants (now inde- 
pendent); maintains a resident nursing service; and substantially assisted the 
Boston Dispensary in initiaring its medical-social work. It has been a factor in 
providing several notable exhibits, particularly the dental exhibit (1908). 

(ii) Axcakening Local Initiative. — Neighborhood committee organized 
(190;) to co-operate in efforts for district betterment; Qub Council, 1909; 
Neighborhood Association, 1910. Residents have had a leading part in in- 
itiating and carr)'ing on the work of the South End Improvement Association 
(1908). with 700 paying local members. 

(12) Artistic. — Picture exhibits, yearly courses of lectures, concerts, etc. 
Some activities have been turned over to city and private organizations. 

Ml. Local Institltional Improvement. Largely through the efforts of 
the residents there has been secured to the district a public bath, a public play- 
ground, a public gymnasium, and a branch of the public library. 

IV. Co-operation. Members connected in advisory and official capa- 
city with other settlements, and with charitable, civic, and other organiza- 

V. General Propaganda. Through studies and books, various lecture 
appointments in colleges, etc., and by public meetings and conferences, the settle- 
ment has done much to extend the philosophy of the movement and helped to 


create the present more responsible public attitude toward industrial distncts. 
Its fellowships in connection with New England colleges have graduated a suc- 
cession of trained workers into the field of social endeavor. The head of the 
house has been lecturer in social ethics at the Episcopal Theological School 
(Cambridge) since 1896. Residents are members of a great variety of boards. 


A mixed faclory and tenemcTit quarter in an increasingly congested section, with 
much old housing, and generally adverse conditions. The people are of Irish extraction, 
though Jews and Italians border the district and are beginning lo come in. 

Maintains kindergarten; resident nursing service; stamp savings service in homes 
and factories; recreation hour for factory girls; classes in housekeeping, cooking, sewing. 
dressmaking, millinery, sloyd, wood carving, arts and crafis, boys' brigade, clay modelinE. 
drawing, painting, music (girls' chorus, piano, violin), dancing: clubs for men and women, 
young people and children with civic, musical, athletic and social interests. SMmmrr ffoth. 
— Summer school; window box and home gardens; market inspection; resident nursing 
work: picnicsand excursions; vacationsat several country cenli^rs. 


Neighborhood. A district of substantial family residences which have been 
turned into lodging houses, and are generally overcrowded. The sanitary equipment Is 
nearly always Inadequate, The people are largely Americans and Canadians, generally 
single, engaged as students, clerks, mechanics, etc. The practical disappearance not only 
of home life but even of the boarding house with its parlor and dining room; the extreme 
decay of neighborly acquaintance and responsibility: the frequent juxtaposition of ram- 
pant or concealed evil with virtue or complacence, create for many people conditions of 
extreme discomfort and moral strain. 

Maintains room registry; boarding club of young women; meeting place of several 
clubs of landladies and others; conferences, socials, etc. The South End Improvement 
Association through Its committees and by large meetings does much to awaken interest 
In the welfare of the district and to create a solid front (or better things. 

Former Locations. Headquartirs: 6 Rollins St., Nov,, 1891-1901; Club and 
Class Center, 6f 1 Harrison Ave , 1895-190J. Center for Work enu/ng Negrof!: jj Brad- 
ford St,, 1903-190;; 478 Shawm u I Ave,, 1905-1907: ai8 Northampton St,, 1907: Be- 
came Robert G, Shaw House (independent). 1908, Room Regiilry aitd Boarding Chb: 
34 Rutland Sq,, 1905-1907, 

Residents. Women la, men la. Volunteers. Women 5a, men ij. Head 
Resident. Robert A. Woods, 1891-. 

Literature. I. Authobized Statements. Annual reports. See particularly the 
Fifteenth Annual Report, March, 1907, which traces the growth of the Settlement's in- 
fluence. Set alio: Circulars, bulletins and reports of the Andover House Association, and 
of the South End House, succeeding it ^ Editorial. CbristiaH Union, Feb, 1 1, 1893 — 
University Settlements, Andover House, Boston. Ltnda Hand.tX: 183(1893) — Tucker, 
William J,; Andover House of Boston, Scribner's, March, 189) — Ely, R. E,: Andover 
House. Prospecl Union Ret., i, No. 1 (Mar. 34, 1894) — Robert A. Wood's Review of 
Settlement Achievement). Commons, vi. No, yj (ApHI, 1901) — South End House. 



I Haud, ivi : 14a (Feb., 1896) — flalch, Emily Greene (Reviewer): Amcriuiu 
in Process. Commens. vji. No. 8 (March, 190)) — For Amerifans in Proceu, Soulta Bay 
Union, Ihe New Neighborhood Town Hill of Boston (Soulh End House). Ctaritift. x: 
atg-aa? (Mar, 7, 1903) — Meade, E. F. (Reviewer): Americans in Proce**. ^mi. .^but. 
Aead, of Pol. and Soe. Sei., xxii ; $14'$]$ (Nov.. 190}) — The Lace Industry at South 
End House. Commons, ix : a8~)o (Jan., 1904) ~~ South End House. Common!, x : aji 
(Apr., 190$) — Soulh End House Activities. Cbaritits, nii : 377 (Mar. iS. 190;). 

II. Articles about the Settlement bv Resioents, Doyen. Mabel F.: The 
Lace Industry at Soulh End House. CoiKnuni, ix : ]8-)0 (Jan.. 1904) — Phelps, Ros- 
well F.: An Experimenl in Industrial Democracy. Commons, x : 91-9} (Feb.. 1905) — 
Woods. Robert .\.: Andover House Association. Andoctt Rev., Jan., 1893. Andover 
House of Boston. Cba'. Ra., ji ; i(o (Jan, 189)). Andover House. Adraiut, Oct. 11. 
1894. South End House, Boston. KiKgsliy Houit Rtc., .Apr., 1900. 

HI. SocuL Studies bv Residents and Associates of the South End Ho>;tE. 
(\)BulUtiju o/lht Houii.— l. A Guide to Evening Classes in Boston. Compiled by WillUin 
A. Clark. 189). U. The Unemployed in Boston. 1S94. 111. Woods. Robert A.; Univenity 
Settlements as Laboratories in Social Science. 1^94. IV. Clark, William A.: Report 
on Boston Evening Schools, 1894. V. Sanborn, Alvan F.: Two Studies Among Boy*, 
1894. VI. Sanborn, Alvan F.: The Anatomy of a lenement Street, 1S9;. VII. Sanbcro, 
Alvan F,: A Study of Beggars and Their Lodgings. 1895. VIII. Oark, WUliam A.: 
A Study of Boston Evening Schools. 1896. IX. Cole, William 1.: Country Week, 1896. 
X. Bushee. Frederick A.: Italian Immigrants in Boston. 1S97. 

(j) Diifrict SluJiVi.— The City Wilderness. A Study of the South End. With 
chaplen by Robert A. Woods, William I. Cole, Frederick E. Haynes, Ph.D., Frederick A. 
Bushes, Charles D. Underbill, M.D., and William A. Clark. Houghton. Mifflin and Co.. 
1S98 — Americans in Process. A Study of Ihe North and West Ends. With chapters by 
Robert A. Woods, William 1. Cole. Elizabeth Y, Rulan. Edward H. Chandler, Jes»ie 
Fremont Beale, Anne Withington, Caroline S. Alherton and Rufus E. Miles. Houghton. 
Mifflin and Co., 1903 — The Zone of Emergence. A study of the semi-urban districts. 
With chapters by Robert A. Woods, .Albert J. Kennedy. William I. Cole, Eleanor H. 
Woods. George E. Gary. Eugene L- Sheldon, John Daniels, and David H. Howie. (Soon 
to be published.) 

()) FtUowibip Itmtiligalions. — Phelps, Roswelt F.: South End Factory Employes: 
Employment and Residence. 1900-03 — Wolfe, .Albert B.: The Lodging House Popula- 
tion of Boston. Harvard Economic Scries. Houghton. Mifflin and Co. '- Daniels, John: 
The Negro in Boston. (Soon to be published.) 

(4) By Rrsidenli- — Barrows, Esther C: Boston's Amusement Resources. Ntv 
Boston, Nov.. 1910. p. 31;. Married Women i% Wage-earners. (Unpublished.) — Cole. 
' Williain I.: ThePublicChariuble Instituiionsof Boston. Aseriesin the,Vncfn/(a»JTW . 
1897-99. Public Baths in Boston. A City Document. Boston. Municipal Printing OHice. 
1S99. Motives and Rcsulu of the Social Settlement Movement Publications of the 
Department of Social Ethics in Harvard University, No, 2 (1908) — Daniels. John: 
AmcHcanizing Eighty Thousand Poles. Sunty, xxiv ; 573-)8; (June 4, igtoj — Esia- 
brook, Harold K-: Some Slums in Boston. Pamphlet. Boston: Twentieth Century Club, 
(1898) — Haley, Theresa S.; Recreation of Fourteen Year Old Ciris (Unpublislted) — 
Haskell, Susanne C: Steam Liundries in Boston. Published by Ihe South End House 
(1910) — Howie. David H.: Family Budgets. Report of the Massachusetts Slate Com- 
mis»on on the Cost of Living. May, 1910. Appendix B, pp. 371-60; — Kennedy, Albert 
J.; Religious Overlapping. Indrptndrtil, April 9. 1908. Church Federation for Industrial 



Neighborhoods. Indeptndenl, Ixvii : 359-43 (July '9i 1909) — Price, Charlotte; The 

Laundry as an Industry for GErls, 1906, (Unpublished) — Sanborn, Alvan F.: Moody's 
Lodging House and Other Tenement Sketches. Boston, Copeland and Day, 1896 — 
Strong, Mary L.: Physical Examinations of Children, Study into [he causes of the preva- 
lent custom of bo 1 tic- feeding for infants. (Unpublished.) — Woodbury, William R.: 
The People's Disease: How to Prevent ll. Boston Mtd. and Surgical Jour., March 36, 
1908, pp. 40S-410. Oral and Dental Conditions. (Proceedings of the Fifth International 
Congress on Tuberculosis, Washington, U. S. A., rgoS.) Cbar. and Cotrniums, xxi : i^S 
(Nov. 7, 1908); and the Journal of the Allied Societies. Dental Hygiene: Its Real Sig- 
nificance. Boiton Mtd. atid Surfical Jour.. }an. Ij, 1910, pp. 113-114. The Successful 
Woman. Health- Education Series. No. 6. Medical Social Service Work. Boston Mtd. 
and Surgical Jour.. Aug. 18, 1910 — Woods, Robert A.: English Social Movement*. 
N. Y,, Charles Scribner's Sons, London, Swan Sonnenschein and Co.. 1891. University 
Settlements as Laboratories in Social Science. Paper read before Internalional Congress of 
Charities, Correction and Philanthropy, Chicago, 1893. The Social Awakening in London. 
Chapter I in The Poor in Great Cities. N, Y., Charics Scribner's Sons, 1893. The Uni- 
versity Settlement Idea. Chapter 1 1 1 in Philanthropy and Social Progress. N. Y., Thomas 
Y. Crowell and Co., 1893. The Republic of Letters. Pamphlet. Boston, Chriilian Social 
(JiiioH, 1897. University Settlements: Their Point and Drift. Pamphlet. Reprinted from 
the Quarterly Journal 0} Economics, Vol. xlv, Oct.. rSgg. The Settlement Stale of Mind, 
Commons, June, [899, Settlement Antecedents and Consequents, Prali InHiUiU M,, 
viii. No, 1 (Nov.. 1899). Settlement Houses and City Politics. Munic. Again, iv, 395 
(June, 1900). The Social Settlement Movement after Sixieen Years. 111. Congregation- 
alist, Feb, a, 1901. Reprinted in Congregational Handbook Series under title. Social 
Settlements Up to Date, The Success of the Settlement as a Means of Improving the 
Neighborhood. (Reporters' Notes of an Address Before the Summer School of Philan- 
thropy,) Cbariliis. ix : 315-139 (Sept, 6, 1902). The Boston South End Church Problem, 
CoHgTigalionalisI, May a, 1903, p. 613. Expenditures in Educational Philanthropy. Educ. 
Rn., XXV : 483-4S9 (May, 1903). Notes on the Italians in Boston, Cbariliu, xii : 431- 
4ji(May7, 1904), Social Work: A New Profession, Inlenuit. Jour, of Etbici, Oct., tgo). 
Chantitt, xv ; 469-476 (Jan. 6, [906). Democracy a New Unfolding of Human Power. 
Reprinted as a pamphlet from Studies in Philosophy and Psychology. Houghton, Mifflin 
and Co., [906, Settlement Expansion, Cbar. and Commom, xvii : 336-339 (Nov. 3, 1906). 
Some Present Political and Social Issues in Boston. Chicago City Club Bull., i. No, 5 
(March 30, igcrj). Ethical Construction as Preparation for Ethical Instruction. Ethical 
Addresses, xiv. No. id (June, 1907). Massachusetts Stale Hospital for Inebriates and 
Dipsomaniacs. Pennsylvania Med. Jour.. Nov., 1908, p, 144 ff. The Myriad Tenantry 
of Furnished Rooms. Cbar. and Commons, xix : 955-956 (Nov, 2, 1907), The University 
Selllemenl. A Factor in Developing Citizenship, The Neighborhood and the Nation. 
Proceedings Nat'l, Conf. of Charities and Correction, June, 1909, Delia Upsilon 
Quar., March, [909. The Men's Brotherhoods and the Local Community. Brotberbood, 
Feb., 1910, p. 36. The Social Workers' Temperance Bill, Cbar. and Commons, xxiii : 
934-936 (Mar. ra, igio) — Woods, Eleanor H.: Social Betterment in a Lodging District 
Cbar. and Commons, xix : 963-964 (Nov. a, [907), Inter-stale Convention of Women 
Workers. Char, and Commons, xxi : 176-378 (Nov. 14, 1908) — Wolfe, Albert B.; The 
Problem of the Roomer. Cbar. and Commons, xix : 957-963 (Nov, 1, 1907), 



19 Pembroke Street 

EsTABLi5HED Jufie, 1910, and organized as an independent bcxiy by resi- 
dents and associates of the South End House to continue and expand the musical 
instruction formerly given at the settlement. Aims: to foster the love of music 
among the people; to raise the standard of musical taste; to offer instruction 
at moderate prices; to save and develop the talent of working-class children; 
Id develop social expression ihrough music; to bring together the music lovers 
of the district for their mutual advantage; to create a center of musical life 
which shall unite the South End with the music culture of the city and the time. 
Maintained by subscriptions. 

Neickbohhood. {See South End House.) 

MAiKTArNS classes in solfeggio, chorus, musical history, ensemble, Fletcher melhod; 
individual instruction in piano, violin and voice: recitals, evening concerts, socials, etc. 

literature. Music at South End School, Post, Oct. 3. 1910: New School of 
Music. Herald. Nov. 3. 1910: A New Musk School. Ttanuripl, Oct. )i, 1910; Musical 
Education (or Children of the South End. Herald, Feb. 12, 1911. 

South End Industrial School 
45 Barllett Street, Roxbury (Boston) 

Founded i88i, "for the education of the poor to the point of self-support." 
The industrial work has been enlarged and broadened to include social features 
as the neighborhood needs increased. Incorporated November 20, 1884, Sup- 
ported by subscription. 

Neighborhood, A tenement quarter of tenements and small houses. The peo^e 
are largely of Irish extraction, though there are many Jews and a scattering of other races. 

Maintains stamp savings; classes in laundry, dressmaking, millinery, cooking, 
sewing, basket weaving, housekeeping, cobbling, free hand drawing, mechanical drawing, 
carpentry, cane-seating; social clubs for women and children; orchestra; chorus; enter- 
tainmentl, parties, etc. Summer Work. — Summer school; vacant lot and window box 
gardening: excursions and picnics: vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies, 

Resjdemts. Women a. Resident Superintendents. Mrs. G. F. Markos, 
1898-190$; Marianne Deveraux; Sophia Edes; Mrs. A. R. Damon. 1905-. 

Literatare. Annual Reports, 18R4 (T. 

The ■' Little" House ^^ 

Children's Neighborhood Center ^H 

73 A Street. South Boston ^B 

Founded Jatiuary, 1907, by a committee of five ladies "for netghborhooci 
work with children." 

A mixed factory and tenement quarter. The people are Irish. 
s branch of South End Diet Kitchen: hygiene work for children; classes 
in hygiene, domestic science, and industrial training. Summer Wof*.— Playground, 

Officers. Chairman; A. Isabel Winslow, 198 Aspinwall St.. Brookline, Mass, 
General Secretaiy: Marian E, Wigglesworth, Milton, Mass 




Frances E. Willard Settlement (Undenominationat) 

(Formerly Willard Y Seltlemenl) 

24 South Russell Street (1901 and 1902); 38-44 Chambers Street (Sept., 1908-). 

Summer House, Llewsac Lodge, Bedford. Mass. 

Established August, 1898, by Caroline M. Caswell, under the auspices of 
the Y. W. C. T. Union, as the outgrowth of a social center for factory girls 
begun in November, 1894. and expanded in November, 1897, into a girls' 
boarding home. Aims " to provide a home for as many young working women 
as possible, and to offer to all young women recreation and instruction through an 
attractive reading room, classes, lectures, and entertainments. While adhering 
to the original idea of the extension of home life among young women, it yet 
desires to increase its usefulness and scope by entering any open avenue for 
aggressive Christian work." Incorporated July 7, 1903, " to provide a home for 
young working women earning very low salaries, or those training for self- 
support, who need temporary aid, and helping in any possible way those who 
are strangers and need assistance, also maintaining a settlement for the social. 
educational, and moral enlightenment and training of those with whom it comes 
in contact." IVIaintained by subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. A highly congesied quarter of the West End. The people are 
largely Jews, with a sprinkling of Amerkans. Irish, Italians, and Negroes. 

Mafntains boarding home for young women in Boston, and women between 40 and 
60 years in Bedford: loan fund; public playground; loan library: Temperance Legion; 
Band of Hope; classes in sewing, embroidery, gymnastics, scrap book, kitchen garden, 
singing, elocution, piano, orchestra, cobbling, city history; clubs for boys and girls; pmc 
speaking contests; anti-cigaretle work; Loyal Legion; temperance meetings; Sunday 
school religious work: evening free dispensary: headquarters for Dislricl Nurses Associa- 
tion and cily physician. Siimmrt Wori. — Playground; playroom; vacations for girls at 
the summer home; co-operation with Fresh Air agencies and flower missions. 

Former LocATroNS. 433 Hanover St., Nov.aS, 1894; 1 1 Myrtle St., Nov. 16, 1897. 

RtsiDENTS. Women 7. Volunteers. Women ji. men ta. Head Resident. 
Caroline M. Caswell. 1898-. 

Literature. Altthoriied Statements. Annual reports and kaftels, and issues 
of Our Mtisage. supplement quarterly. 

Frederick Ozanam Home (Catholic) 
35 Linden Street, Dorchester, Boston 
Founded 1905. "This is a parish institute, which aims at the realization 
of the ideal of the Catholic parish; that is. one great family, whose head is Jesus 

Neighborhood. A residential quarter of tenements, flats and cottage*. Tlw 
people are largely Irish. 


Maintains day nursery: kindergarten; cmploymeni bureau for women; MWiog 
club: boyi'club; indutirial cImscs for gitli. • 

OfFiCERs. President: Nicholas Browne, Ji Secretary: Ftaoktio J, Wight. 

Guild of St. Elizabeth (Catholic) 
59 East Springfield Street (1900-) 
Founded September. 1900, by a group of women as a result of a sermon on 
St. Elizabeth of Hungary, and continuing club and school work begun in Feb- 
ruary, 1899. Aims to carry on "benevolent work among children." and "to 
conduct a neighborhood house for the benefi t of the poorer residents of the South 
End." Incorporated August. 1901. 

Neigh BOKH OOP. Located in a miied fictory and tenement quarter. The peopic 
are largely of Iriih extraciton. 

MAiNTAiNsdiy nursery; kinderganen; employment for women: stamp and home 

uvings: classes in sewing, millinery, stenography, cooking, painting, folk dancing: 

branch of ihe public library: clubs for women, young peopU and children; lectures, en- 

; charitable work. 5iiiRiarr H'ork- — Vacation school; picnics and excur- 

I co-operalian with Fresh Air agencies; outings for mothers and babies 

Paid Workers Women 8 

Literature. Authowied Statements. Catholic Annual — Report o( St. 
Elizabeth's Guild. 

Hull Street Settle.ment and Medical Mission Dispensary 

(Formerty known as University Settlement. Oct., iS^a-Dec., 1892; Epwoith League 
House, Jan , iSgj-i^o;.) 
36 Hull Street (1902-) 

Established October. 1893, by students of the School of Theology of 
Boston University under the auspices of the City Missionary Society for 
"educational, industrial, and evangelistic: work." In 189$ the Womeo's 
Home Missionary Society opened the medical mission at the settlement, aad 
when the City Mission withdrew iis social work in 1905 the women's society 
continued the work under the above name. Maintained by the Women's Home 
Missionary Society. 

Neighbokhood. " Mostly Italian, though there are some liish. jews, and Poles 
Toodensely populated: should be stronger housing tawsand such taws should beenforced." 

Maintains clinics (medical, surgical, gynecological, orthopedic, eye. ear. bom 
and throat, and emergency); training school for nurses; stamp savings; charily worii; 
rummage sale: religious meetings: classes in sewing, nursing, English literature; social 
clubforwomen; clubs for boys and girls: lectures: picture loan club. 

FoaNEit Locations, i Poplar St. Oct.. iSga-Dec. 189a; 18 Charter St., Jan.. 
i89j-July, iSgj; }4 Hull Si. .\ug , [SQj-igoj. 

Residents. Women a. Volunteers. Women la. men 9. Foruer Head Resi- 
dents. Robert Clark: E J. Helms: Walter .Morritt; James White; Helen M. Newell. 
(Mrs-) Mary E Taylor. Aug. 1909-. 

Literature. Authorised Statements. Reports (espedally reports for 1907 and 




Stt also: Our City, Boston Missionary and Church Exiension Society — Bank*. 

Dr. L. A.: Epworlh League Selilcitieni, F.pwortb Herald (Chicago), Feb. ij, 189J — 
Taylor, Rev, S. W.: A League Opporlunliy. Zion'i Herald (Boston). Dec. 28. 1893 — 
Epworih League House. Protptcl Union Rev., i, No, 1 (Apr. 4, 1894). ^^_ 

The Italian Mission (Congregational) ^^H 

177 Webster Street, East Boston ^^^ 

Established March, 1908, as the outgrowth of religious work previously 
carried on by the Massachusetts Home Missionary Society in the North End. 
Maintained by the Home Missionary Society. 

The people are llalian, Irish. English. Canadian and Scandj- 

:s Sunday schools kindergarten; library: classes in sewing, dreismaking 
millinery, cooking, housekeeping, gymnastics, carpentry, cobbling, basketry, drawing, 
clay modeling. English; mothers' club: social clubs for boysand girlsof all aget: library. 
Sunutur Wort.— Eight-weeks-kindergar ten; industrial work; excursions; picnics. 

Residents. Women 4. Paid Workess. Women 4, men 
Women a;, men 6. Head Resident. (Mrs.) Blanche S. Mowry. Mar 


,■908-. \ 

North End Union (Unitarian) 

Union. 20 Parmenter Street (1892-). Children's House, 33 Parmenter Street 


Established 1892. by the Benevolent Fraternity of Churches, as an out- 
growth of the Parmenter Street Chapel, to be "asocial house for young people." 
Supported by the Benevolent Fraternity of Churches and by subscriptions, 

Neiohborhood. The North End^a congested tenement quarter which is being 
Invaded by factories. The people are Jews and Italians. 

Maintains reading room and library; public baths; dental clinic; modified milk 
station and baby clinic; Iradeschoolofplumbingand printing; playroom; stamp savirtgs: 
Sunday school: classes in dressmaking, sewing, gymnastics, dancing, story hour; singing 
clubs tor young people and children; lectures, socials, entertainments, etc. Summer 
Worfc.— Distribution of flowers; picnics and excursions; outdoor gymnastics. 

Residents. Women 1. Volunteers. Women 40, men 10, Head Worker 
Samuel F. Hubbard. 1891-. 

Literature. Annual Reports of the Benevolent Fraternity of Churches — The 
School of Plumbing at North End Union. Charitiit, Kiv ; loj} (Sept. 3. :90s). 

St. Stephen's House (Episcopal) 
2 Decatur Street 
Founded 1897, by Revs. H. M.Torbert and C. H. Brent, under the aus- 
pices of the Boston Episcopal City Mission "to minister to the physical, mental 
and spiritual needs of the people about us in the loving spirit of Christian neigh- 
borliness." " In addition to Ihe large number of services, guilds and clubs car- 
ried on as part of the regular church work, there is a far-reaching neighborhood 
work for Jews, 1 talians and others whom we cannot for evident reasons reach and 


e by our religious efforts and yet for whose welfare we are certainly re- 
sponsible, because they are our neighbors." Maintained as part of the church's 
regular work. 

Neichbobhood. a mixed factory and tenemtnt quarter. The people are chiefly 


Maintains kindergarlen; industrial classes, including sewing, cooking, clay model- 
ing, wood carding, light gymnastics; game clubs: city history daises, which stimulate 
ideals ot good citiicnship: dispensary, modified milk station; fresh air outings. The 
wood and coal yard should also be mentioned, as well as the parochial confereoce of the 
Associated Charities and Welcome flouse. for friendless and homeless girls. Summtr 
IVork. — Excursions, picnics, window box gardening, vacations at the "Church House" 
in Southboro. and in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Paid Workers. Women 4. men j. 

Lileratnie. I .Authorized Statements. St. SUphcn's Cbraniclc. published 
monthly (}o cents a year), especially the issue for Oct.. 1904 (Vol. ), No. 1). Set alto: 
Some pages in "The Oly Wilderness," edited by Robert A. Woods. II Articles by 
Residents. Kimball, Rev. Thatcher B.: Everyman (to Settlement Audiences). Com- 
ouMu. vii. No. 8 (Mar., 1903). 

Settlement of Ladies' Catholic Club 
1472 Washington Street. Branch, Whitman Street 
Founded 1909. Supported by memberships, voluntary contributions. 

and entertainments. 

Maintains dasses in cooking, millinery, dressmaking, and physit 
meetings: summer house (Hough's Neck): Christmas dinners and fuel si 
paid: neighborhooJ visiting. 

Officers. President: Mr^. William McCarthy. Secretary: (Mrs.) Margaret 

Ca.mbrii>ge Neighborhood House 

(Formerly Moore Street Neighborhood flouse) 

Club House. 79 Moore Street. Residence House. 6 Dickinson Street. Trade 

School for Girls, 127 Harvard Street 

Established 1879. Incorporated 1910, by Mrs. Quincy A.Shaw (see 
page 107). 

Neiohbokhood. a mixed factory and tenement quarter. The people are Negro. 
Irish- American, Lithuanian, etc. 

Maintains day nursery: trade school for ^ris (dmsmaking, designing, cotAing): 
resident nurse: milk station: baby hygiene work; classes in athlelics. iloyd. carpentry, 
dresMnaking, embroidery, cbair caning, basketry, leather work, passe parlout, drawing 
orchestra and chorus; clubs for young people and adults: lectures: enlertainmenls. 
parties, dances, excursions to art galleries, etc. Summer JfVfi.'—F^y ground: summer 

Residents. Women 4. men i. Volltnteei 

Women 40, men 1 



Residents. Mm, M. W, Currie, 1879-1905; Misj M, E. Parsons, 1 90 5- i 906;^ 
beth Newman. t9o6-i9o8: George A. Bushee. Fall, 1909-. 

East End Christian Union (Undenominational) 
7 Burleigh Street 

Founded September, 1891, as an outgrowth of the Lower Port Union 
Mission Sunday School (May, 1876), " for the purpose of carrying forward on a 
non-sectarian basis, Sunday School, temperance, industrial and such other work 
as shall seem for the best good of the neighborhood adjacent to the East End of 
Harvard Street." 

Neighborhood. A mixed factory and lenemenl quarter of small collage houses 
and tenements. The people are Irish, Poles, Lithuanians, and Negroes, 

Maintains library and reading room; Sunday school; temperance band: proba- 
tion work, relief; sewingschool; gymnasium; classes in English, sloyd, military drill, and 
kilchen garden; clubs for young people and adults Summer IVerk. — Reading room; 
vacations and picnicj. 

Superintendent, John H. Walker, Sept., 1892-. 

Literature. Annual Reports, 1892 If, Ste also: The Sunday School Extcutiu. 
Nov., 1908 D. C Cook Pub. Co. 

Margaret Fuller House (Y. W, C. A.) 
71 Cherry Street (1902-) 

Established iWay 23, 1902, by the Young Women's Christian Associatit 
"to help especially the young girls of the vicinity." Aims "to be 3 religious, 
educational and social center for the neighborhood through its different activities, 
and to co-operate with movements for improvement of local conditions." — 1910. 

Neigh BORHOOD, A tenement neighborhood of small cottages and three-family 
tenements. The people are Irish-American, American, Armenian, Russian, Hebrew. 
German, Scandinavian, and some Negroes. 

Maintains milk station: stamp savings station; distributing library; visiting and 
relief; cmploymen I bureau; rummage sales; classes in cooking, sewing, basketry, music, 
and gymnasium; mothers', boys' and girls' clubs; King's Daughters' Circle; weekly 
entertainments; weekly devotional exercises and Bible class, Sumnur Work.— Day and 
week outings for boys, girls, and youns women; classes in basketry, brass, and sewing; 
playground work, 

WoFKEKS. Women 5, men t. Volunteers. Women !■ Head Workbm. 
Emma E. Fiel. May, 1903-Sept,. 1904; Carrie L, Megraw, Sepi, 1, 1904-, J 

Utoratun. Annual report in Year Book of Y. W. C, A. of Cambridge. ■ 


The Prospect Union (Center) ^ 

744 Massachusetts Avenue 
Founded January 27, 1891, by Robert E. Ely, Professor Francis G. Pea- 
body and a small group of workingmen and Harvard students. "The Pros- 
pect Union is an educational and social club for men. conducted by wage- 
s and by students and teachers from Harvard University. Its object 


is to extend ta workinginen opportunities for e\e 
and higher education, through evening classes 
mutually helpful contact workingmen, students 
"The Prospect Union grew as nature grows. 
work among the poor of Cambridge while 

nentary, technical, commercial, 

ind lectures, and to bring into 
and teachers." 

A young miniiter had his parish 
ime he was allending lectures al the 
University. What was more natural than for him to think oF bringing Ihe forces of this 
University to bear on the life of the less fortunate? He happened to have his rooms in a 
building which had once been a hotel, called the Prospect House. The no-license policy 
of Cambridge had made such a hotel unprofitable, and various clubs of workingmen had 
moved into these convenient quarters. Mr. Ely talked with a few Harvard student! about 
Jtarting in his rooms a few classes for workingmen; and early in 1S91 an organization was 
formed, with forty-four members. 

"The beginnings of the Union were of the very simplest description. The rooms 
were bare and small ; the coffee and crackers and cheese on Wednesday evenings were served 
in Sparlan fashion; the membership was very varied, and some men joined the Union in 
order to ventilate their special social programmes. But very soon the atmosphere of real 
liberty and fraternity brought such men, — Catholics and Protestants, Socialists and An- 
archists, black and white, Russians, Swedes, Irish, Americans, — into a working unity, and 
there has never been any serious friction or any sense of being suppressed. College boys 
were eager to give their lime and love; and the Inlcrest and loyalty of a constantly en- 
larging body of members gave confidence in the principles first laid down, "^Professor 
Francis G. Peabody. 

"When the Union was started its president resided In Ihe building in which the 
Union was founded and occupied for several years, and this residence w.ts an important 
factor in Ihe life and development of the Union. Later there was one other resident, but 
In the strict sense of the word the Union was never a settlement. 1 1 was, however, a part 
of the general movement of that lime expressed in the previous establishment of the 
University Settlement in New York and Hull House in Chicago, and Andover House in 
Boston."— Robert E. Ely. 

LltentuTe. Annual Reports — Prospect Union Rev., i, No. 1 (Mar, si, 1894); 
ii. No. I (April j, iSg;); iii. No. i {Nov. 6, 1895). Cambridft M.. i. No, 1 (Feb., 1896); 
il. No, I (May, 1896) — Prosptd Union, rSg; — Proipect Union (History, 1891-1899} 
— Various leaflets — Handbooks of the Social Service Committee of the Phillips Brooks 
House Association. 

Riverside Neighborhood House 
(Formerly Riverside Alliance, 1901-1911) 
Ballord Place 
Founded 1901, as an outgrowth of a mission Sunday school (1890) con- 
ducted by the Young People's Alliance of the First Congregational Church. 
Aims "to promote the physical, moral, and spiritual welfare of the neighborhood 
in which the building is a center." A separate society organized ir 
organized 191 1, without religious affiliation. Maititained by subscriptions. 

Neichgorhood. A factory and tenement quarter of cottage houses and small 
tenements. The people are largely American, Irish and English mechanics: skilled 
operatives earning fait wages. There is a Negro colony, and near by are sm 11 groups 
of Jews and lialtans. 


Maintains playground (maintained late into the fall and used as a slunn^l 
The house is used as a shelter in the height of the skating season. Gymnasiuni classes and 
Boy Scouts. Library; game room; boys' clubs; girls' classes in sewing, cooking, house- 
keeping: gymnasium ; artwork; adults' clubs with civic and neighborhood interests: 
co-operation with neighborhood public schools in organizing school athletics; Sunday 

Volunteers. Women 37, men 18. Head Residents. Howard Bourne. Oct., 

iqo8-March, igro; John H. Chase, 1910-. ^^h 


Neighborhood House ^^ 

53 Neptune Street (1907) 

EsTABLtSHED October. 1907, by the Neighborhood House Association. 
"To be a social and educational center, and a genuine neighborhood home to all 
in need of such. The settlement aims to co-operalc with every other movement 
for social, civic, and industrial betterment, to induce inlellieent co-operation for 
Ihehealth, cleanliness, and good order of the neighborhood, and to strive to make 
of the boys and girls about it, strong, clean, upright, intelligent men and women." 
Incorporated October, 1907. Maintained by subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. A mixed factory and tenement quarter of cottage homes. The 
people are largely Irish -American, with a very rapidly increasing body of Russian Jews, 
Italians, and Greeks. The quarter bids fair to became a non-English sfieaking district 
within a few years. 

Maintains kindergarten; home for limited number of young women wage-earners; 
Sunday school: stamp saving station: dental dispensary; free circulating library: classes 
in sewing, dressmaking, embroidery, mending and darning, millinery, shirtwaist making, 
basketry, arts and crafts, dancing; clubs for women and young people; mothers' meeting: 
socials; concerts; parties; entertainments, etc. Summer Work. — Playground; summer 
kindergarten; children's outings: free circulating library. 

Residents. Women 4. Volunteers. Women 75. Head Resident. (Mrs.) 
Grace Wright Gregg, Oct., 1907-. ^^^ 

LlterBtare. Reports. June. 1908; June, igog; June, 1910. ^^H 


Stearns Neighborhood House 
281 Watertown Street 

Established February, 1907, by a group of ladies, continuing work begun 
by a day nursery. Aims: "To maintain a day nursery for the care of the 
children of working mothers; to provide classes and clubs for girls and boys 
between the ages of six and sixteen; to provide classes and opportunities for 
recreation for working girls and women; and to co-operate in every movement 
for the improvement of the neighborhood." Incorporated Feb. 15, 1907. 

Neighborhood. Located in an industrial district. The majority of the people 
are employed in nearby establishments. Cordage, worsted, blanket, starch, dyeing and 
cleansing, laundry, and rubbi:r goods are the leading industries. The large numbers of 



Inlluu in the neighborhood are employed in mirkel gardens ind construction works. 
The population is more permanent than in many dosely sellled sections, and the giving 
of material aid but tilile needed save in times of prolonged industrial depression. The 
nationalities represented in the neighborhood are Italian, French, Irish. Russian. Swede. 
English, and American. 

Activities. I nvestigates neighborhood conditions. Co-operales in health, 
educational, child-welfare, and civic improvemenl. Uses the adjacent public 
school playground and the school rooms for gymnastics, folk dancing, and 
boys' dub. Large neighborhood gatherings and parties are held in the school 

Maintains day nursery; modified milk station: stamp and home savings; classes 
for children in coolilng. housekeeping, sewing, knitting and crocheting; kindergarten; 
gymnastics; folk dancing; story telling and recTeaiion clubs; classes for women in cook- 
ing, sewing, millinery, embroidery: mothers' club: playground. 

Residents, Women 3. Volunteers. Women 16. men i. Head Resi- 
dents. Luella Turner. June 1907-1910: Gema Saville, June. 1910-. 


The House of Seven Gables 

54-56 Turner Street 

Established January, 1910, by a commitlee of ladies (continuing club and 
class work begun in January, 1908) "to establish and maintain a residence for 
social workers and a center for educational and social activities in the neighbor- 
hood." Incorporated March 19. 1910. Maintained by memberships, gifts and 
admissions to the house. (The Settlemeni uses the building reputed to be the 
one mentioned in Nathaniel Hawthorne's story of that name.) 

Neighborhood. A tenement quarter of collage houses and tenements remodeled 
from the houses of a former generation of the well-to-do. The people are largely Irish- 
American. Poles, French and Russian Jews, 

Maintaims library: stamp savings; morning playroom for children: little house- 
kcepcrs; classes in gymnastics, cooking, sewing, shirtwaist-making, dressmaking, dancing; 
clubs for women, young people and children with social and dramatic aims; entertain- 
ments, socials and parties. Sumhut tf^ori.— Athletic teams; backyard gardens for adults 
and children; picnics and excursions; camp for women and girls at Francestown, N. H. 

Residents. Women 7. Volunteers. Women a8. men a. Head Resident. 
Eleanor B. Iloyt. Sept. 20, 1908-. 

People's Institute 

(Formerly Ferry Street Settlemeni, 1905-191 r) 
Founded February 8. 1905, by Eleanor P. Townsley as an outgrowth of 
classes in domestic science begun in the fall of 1899 in a tenement at loa Ferry 
Street. Aims " to furnish moral, intellectual and practical instruction and social 
recreation to worthy girls and young men with the ultimate design of fitting 
them lo maintain themselves," and "to furnish intellectual and practical inslruc- 


tion and social recreation to the people of the neighborhood." — 1909. Incor- 
porated, May 16, 1907. 

The settlement house was destroyed in 1910 to make way for a public 
street. The erection of a Boys' Club takes care of that element. The settle- 
ment uses a public school building as a center for work with girls and adults. 

Neighborhood. The people are largely Jews. 

Mainimns public library in co-operation with Springfield Public Library; kinder* 
garlen; day nursery; rummage sales; classes in sewing and embroidery, basketry. p.tiir- 
partout, rag rugs and patchwork quilting, dancing, printing, gymnastics: evening cisssei 
in English (or foreigners; clubs (or boys, young men and women; dramatics, elc. The 
House uses a neighborhood hall Tor its enlertainmenls, dancing classes and special 

Former Locations. loa Ferry St., Fall, iSgct-June, 1904; 188 Ferry St., Jan.. 


Volunteers. Women i;, men a. Head Worker. Bessie H. Amsden, 1905-'^ 
Literature. Authorued Statements. Annual Reports. Feb., 1906 — S 

ment Bulletin. 


Free Reading Room (Swedenborgian) 
321 Crescent Street 

Founded summer of 1905, by Arthur A. Carey as a "charitable, religiot 
educational and social Institute" and "lo establish a home center for friendly a: 
reciprocal service." Maintained by the Swedenborgian Church. 

Neichbonkood. The people are AmerJcani and Canadians from the MaritQ 

Maintains library; gymnasium; swimming pool; claisei in cooking, milliiw 
physical culture; parents' association; gymnastic events, socials, drar 
clubs. Suntmer IVork. — Swimming, walks, excursions, picnics, and camp, At the 
^nning Reading Room only. In i(>o7 a gymnasium was added, followed in ig 
1909 by an assembly hall and swimming pool. 

Literature. A monthly bulletin established In 1907 — Statements i 
Rtadint Room (monthly), i. No, i (June, 1907), 

Endicott House Settlement (Congregational) 
' 29 Endicott Street 

Established 1907, by the Worcester City Missionary Society, an organiza- 
tion incorporated in 188), and doing religious, foreign, fresh air, settlement and 
benevolent work, to do "religious, educational, social, industrial, reformatory 
and benevolent work, especially among the young." Maintained by the society 
and the contributions of interested individuals and various organizations. 

Neighsoxhoou. One of (be most densely settled sections of the east side of tJ 
city, in the midst of a population representing a dozen nationalities. 

B Sunday school; pleasant Sunday evenings with illusiratcd patri) 


talks; public school kindergarten; day nursery; boys' and girls' clubs and classes con- 
ducted by the Y. M. C. A. and the Y. W. C. A.; gymnasium and organized play; Good 
Housekeeping classes; reading room and circulating library; mothers' meetings; working 
girls' clubs and classes; children's plays conducted by the Public Education Association; 
lectures and illustrated travel talks and friendly visiting. 

Resident Superintendent. Rev. John H. Matthews, 1907-. Volunteers. 
Women 30, men 10. 

Literature. Occasional leaflets and booklets. 

The Worcester Social Settlement 


13 Millbury Street (1909-) 

Established December 6, 1906, by Rev. Robert J. Floody "to improve 
the material and moral conditions of the district." Incorporated, March, 1908. 

Neighborhood. "A great valley known as the 'Island District/ inhabited by 
twenty-two nationalities; contains 20,000 children eighteen years and under; has a noted 
police record, and much poverty and intemperance are seen." The people are Poles, 
Lithuanians, Irish, Swedes, French, Jews, etc. 

Maintains reading room; bank; legal aid bureau; relief work; classes in printing, 
physical culture, music (vocal, also fife and drum corps), sewing, quilting and astronomy; 
clubs for women, young people and children; temperance work; humane society (860 
members); lectures on sanitation and health; socials and entertainments. Summer IVork. 
— Gardening (The "Garden City" plan). In 1909 there were six hundred gardens in the 
care of eight hundred children); picnics and excursions; vacations. 

Former Location, ii Ellsworth St., Dec, 1906-April, 1909. 

Residents. Women i, men i. Volunteers. Women 8, men 6. Head Resi- 
dent. Robert J. Floody, Nov. 16, 1906-. 

Literature. Reports, March, 1907; May, 1909. 


East Side Settlement (Undenominational) 

(Formerly Russell Street Neighborhood House. 1903-Nov., i((0^) 

106 Superior Street {1906-) 

Established winter of 1902-3, by a circle of King's Daughters, as the out- 
growth of a sewing school and kindergarten conducted in co-operation with a 
Berean Mission. Assumed in the fall of igo) by the City Union of King's 
Daughters, representatives of the Young People's Christian Union of the Church 
of Our Father and the Association of Collegiate Alumna. Aims: "To lift by 
example and teaching the people among whom the settlement is located; 10 
make a study of social conditions." "The work is undenominational — it aims 
to be social work in the spirit of Christ." {1907.) 

Neighborhood. "The heart of Che Polish dislricl. The people arc of the unskilled 
labor class, some of Ihcm in comfortable circumstances, others very poor. The old 
pEopk usually speak no Englisii. There is a great deal of truancy and few children seem 
to get beyond the fourth or fifth grade work. The girls work in the nearby tobacco fac- 
tories, and the boys become errand or factory boys." 

Maintains kindergarten; day nursery; dispensary: osteopathic clinic; branch of 
the public library; boys' and girls' gymnastic work; classes in sewing, music, dancing and 
various art crafts; mothers' club and young people's social club. 

FoBMER Locations. Russell St., near Livingston St., Winter, 190a-}; ijg Rivard 
St., Winter, 1903-4; 176 Rowcna St.. Winter, 1904-5. 

Head Residents. Mary C. Hulberl, Winter. 1903-3; Agnes A. Inglis, Winter, 
1904-j; Miss Markey, Winter, 1908-9; Mrs. S, M. T. Jackson, Fall, 1909-Winter. 19IOI 
Janet Cameron, Sept.. 1910-. 

Literature. History of the East Side Settlement. March. 1907 — Buttetii 
Ccmtnans, Feb., 1897, p. 11. 


Franklin Street Settlement 

(Formerly Detroit Day Nursery and Kindergarten) 
519 Franklin Street 
Playground, Franklin Street, between South Aubin and Dubois Street 
Established 1897, as the outgrowth of a day nursery and kindergarten 
founded in 1S81 by Mrs. C. C. Yeamans. Aims "to help our neighbors to be- 
come better citizens"; and "to study and serve the needs of the neighborhood 
and through it of the community in a spirit of genuine neighborliness and with a 
strong sense of civic duty; to carry on a day nursery and kindergarten while re- 
taining flexibility and a readiness to change methods as the environment may 
require," 1907. Incorporated 18S3. 



NeiGHBOMtooD. "The nationality most largely represented in the neighborhood 
of the setliement is French-Canadian. Much of the poverty among these people is due to 
ihc fact that the introduction of iron vessels has hurt the trade of <hip cauiking, which 
many of the ineri were trained to. They do not readily adapt themselves to other work. 
Within the past few years Belgians, Hungarians, and Syrians have been coining in, and 
they now make up about one-third of the population. A mistaken Idea is common, Ihat 
there is nogreal necessity In Detroit for such work as the settlement stands for. Of course, 
glaringly bad conditions do not exist here on such a scale as in the great cities, where any 
elTortal improvement seems like a mere drop in the ocean. Nevertheless there is abundant 
opportunity for such elTort here. Those active in the settlement work feel deeply the need 
of uplifting forces which exist, and are endeavoring to substitute (or the evil induences of 
Ihc saloon and uncleanly dwellings the good influences of healthful pastimes and such 
methods of cleanliness as can be made use oF under existing conditions of housing. Perhaps 
through such effort the problem may be prevented from assuming larger proportions as the 
population increases." 

Activities. Carried on an active campaign for better housing laws, and 
has been instrumental in ameliorating the bad sanitary conditions of its quarter. 
Had a part in securing playgrounds, baths, gymnasia, and public kindergartens 
for its own and other districts. 

Maintains playground; kindergarten: day nursery; dispensary; branch of the 
public library: public baths: employment bureau: penny provident bank: rummage 
sales; classes in English, boys' and girls' gymnastics, sewing, cooking, dancing, story 
telling, manual training, music, etc. Summir H^or*.— Playground; c 
lions in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies; public baths: public dances: baby's milk 

FoRjiiEit LotATioN, Church St., near Tenth. 

Resfdents. Women j. Volunteers. Women s6, men 9. 

Head Residents. Margaret Stansbury. 1896-1908; William W. KelTer, 1908- 
1909: Mary C Hulbert. Oct., 1909-. 

Literature. I. Authoriied Statements. Reports published by Detroit Asso- 
ciation of Charitiw. 1897-1904 — Franklin Street Settlement. Description of the Work. 
Com[Hled by head worker. 1S99 — Reports 190;. 1906. 1907. Sei also: Franklin 
Street Settlement. Chicago Commoni, Apr., 1901. (I. Social Studies bv Residents. 
Bait, R, A,: Juvenile Offenders in the City of Detroil. Mich. Political Science Asso.. 
Sept., 1903. 

Hannah Schloss Memorial (Jewish Institute) 
339 East High Street (190^ and 1908) 

EsTABLTSHED September. 1900. for relief work, and enlarged to do educa- 
tional and all branches of settlement work. Headquarters of the Jewish Feder- 
ated Charities, and a center for work among the Jews of Detroil. 

Neichbobkood. The quarter is Jewish with some few Negroes. Greatest prob- 
lem is housing condition: very poorhouses and a great lack of housesof any deKription. 

AcTiviTtES. Secured a playground and public bath house: has been in- 
strumental in securing a local Housing Commission and in establishing a muni- 
cipal clinic for molhets and children. 

Maintains public library branch, nursery, clinic, bath, gymnasium. English clas 



girls' and boys' manual training classes, boys' and girls' clubs, mothers' meetings, li 
tures, etc. Summer Wori.— Outings for mothers and children (in co-operaiion with Fresh 
Air societies): suinnier home in country; bo:il licliets distributed to sick and old. 

Former Location. Initial location, 397 Brush St. ^^^ 

Literature. Annual reports. ^^^H 

Weinman Settlement (Catholic) ^^| 

425 East Lamed Street 

Founded 1904, by a group of women To cor 
F. L. Weinman, S. J., in 1900, and named as 
Maintained by memberships and enlerlainments. 

Neiohborhdod. Located in a mixed Factory and 
are largely French Canadians and Irish, with a number of Italians and Syrians. 

Maintains gymnasium; branch of the public library; classes in sewing, folk 
dancing, and choral singin);; clubs for boys and girls after school hours; evening clubs 
ior working girls, boys, and young men; mothers' club. A short religious 
given before each class. 

Residents, i. Volunteers, 15. 

For information address Mrs, Charles W. Casgrain, 575 Jefferson Ai 

work begun by Rev. 
to Father Weinman. 

It quarter. The people 



Westminster House (Presbyterian) 
(Formerly The Westminster Guild, 1903-10) 
153 Grandy Avenue 
Established February, 1903, by members of the Westminster Presl^" 
terian Church lo be "a center of friendliness to those about who use il." 

Neighborhood, An uptown tenement neighborhood of small collages. The 
people are largely German and Polish, self- res pec ling, earn est and efTicient. 

Maintains sewing school; library; savings bank; boys' and girls' clubs; athletic 
work; lectures and entertainments. 

Residents. Women 3. Volunteers. Women ji, men M. Head RESIDBNTi. 
Miss N. J. Dean and Miss M. Morgan. 



BissELL House (Undenominational) 

(FormeHy Free Kindergarten Circle) 

425 North Ottawa Street (1897-) 

Established October 11. 1897. as an outgrowth of a kindergarten and day 

nursery begun in October, 1888, by a circle of King's Daughters, Aims "lo 

make the neighborhood a better place to hve in by inviting co-operation from the 

neighbors; in providing a common meeting place, in furnishing incentive lo 

more social life; and to serve as a center for social service to the community at 

large." 190S-9. Incorporated October, 1904. 

Neighborhood. "This is an industrial community. The men and boy* are 
largely employed in factories. The settlement is situated in the midst of the ' Red Light 


with many immigraat Jews and i 

District.'" The people are of Dutch e 
sprinkling of olher nalionalilies. 

Activities, The kindergarten has been taken over by the pubhc school. 
Organized a Neighborhood Improvement Association, which is endeavoring to 
better neighborhood, sanitary, physical and moral conditions. Co-operates 
with the juvenile court and probation work; secured a playground, and a ball 
field for neighborhood boys; is working on the child labor, factory inspection, 
housing and playground situation. 

Maintains public baths lot men and women; library and reading room (co-opera- 
lion Ryerson Library); neighborhood association; gymnasium work for boys and girls; 
classes in English, dancing, manual training, sewing, cooking, dramatics and music; 
clubs unth intellectual and social aims; lectures, entertainments and socials; Sunday 
school. Sumitur tVork. — Summer kindergarten; vacation school: outdoor stereoplicon 
piclures; play festival; excursions and picnics; water fountain; vacation camp; camp 
equipment loaned to groups of boys. 

Former Locations. 397 Ottawa St., Oct, iSSS-iSgo; 440 Ottawa St.. Sept.. 

Residents. Women j. men j. Volunteers. Women 4;, men 5. Head 
Residents. (Mrs.) Mary Williams, [888-1906: Julia Billings, 1906-1907: (Mrs.) Grace 
Hall, 1907-1906; Mrs. M.J. Stormund. 1908-1909; (Mrs.) lldaCory Wilson, Sept,, 1909-. 

Dtertture. Autkoriied Statements. Report, 1908-9. Set alto: Frost, Leon 
W.: Bissell House (History of work). Grand Rapids Hetatd, Dec. j. 1909 — Jones, J. L: 
New Methods for the Old Gospel. Utiily, Jan. 37, 1910, p. 761. 

Neighborhood House (Center) 
155 Ninth Avenue C1909-) 
Established August, 1908, by Louise Peirce " to offer to boys and young 

men a place for meeting apart from the saloon," 

Neighborhood. " Located in the industrial section bound by railroad yards and 
car shops. The men are largely employed by the railroads. Our great question is 
drunkenness among minors. The people are Irish." 

Maintains kindergarten: public library station; gymnasium; boys' and young 
mens' clubs, with athletic and social aims; girls' club; sewing class; dances; socials; 
parties: small girls' chorus. Sumtner Work, — Three base ball Ii 

Former Location. 167 Tenth Ave,, Aug., 1908. 

Head Worker. Ina H. Fenwick, 1908-. Volunteers. Women 7, n- 

Literatuie. Authorized Statements. Bissell House Annual, 1908-1909, 5» 
alio: A Settlement on Three Hundred a Year. Survey, xxii : i7}-;74 (July 34, 1909). 



Neighborhood House (Center) 
2423 West Superior Street 

Founded igo8, by ihe Twentieth Century Club for educative work, and 
as a nucleus of settlement work. Maintained by the club. 

Neighborhood. Outlying business section. Draws from railroad section and 
industrial workers. 

MAiNTAtKslibrary(co-oper3lion Public Library Board); MWtngschool; gymnasium; 
boys' clubs with athletic, social, and literary interests. The work is conducted by volun- 
teers from Ihe Twentieth Century Club. 

For infonnalton apply lo Ihesecrelary of the Twentieth Century Club.>DuluIh, 


PiLLSBURY Settlement House (Undenominational) ^| 

(Formerly Bethel Settlement, iSgT-rgo;) ^M 

320 Sixteenth Avenue, South (1907-) 

Established Septetnber, 1897, the outgrowth of the work of the Plymouth 
Kindergarten and Industrial Association (organized 1883-, to continue social 
work started by Plymouth Church in T879) which maintained a kindergarten, 
industrial classes for womcit, day nursery, sewing school, girls' clubs (189;) and 
boys' clubs (1897). Became Bethel SotllemenI Association in 1897; and in 
1898 the Park Church and the First Church were asked to assist. In 1905 be- 
came Pillsbury House, through the gift of its building and equipment as a me- 
morial to the parents of the Messrs. Pillsbury. Aims "to stimulate and co-ordi- 
nate neighborhood movements for social and civic righteousness; to provide 
recreation and education supplemental to the school and the church, to interpret 
neighborhood needs, to further the general scheme of democracy." Maintained 
by endowment, the Plymouth and First Congregational churches, and subscrip- 
tions of citizens. Plymouth contributes over ^o per cent of the cost of main- 

NeiGKBORHooD. Located in the most crowded district of Ihe city, as to both 
population and saloons. Children see constantly about them the worst side of Minneapolis 
life. The people are Norwegians. Swedes. Danes. Russian Jews, and Negroes, with a 
remnant of many other nationalities. 

Activities. With the co-operation of its civic clubs and public spirited 
citizens carried on a campaign for cleaner moral conditions, for better play 

^^m MINNESOTA .147 

spaces for children, for city night schools for foreigners, and for pure water. The 
Civic Club succeeded in defeating a corrupt alderman at the primaries, and 
elected its candidate to the City Council. 

Maintains kindergiirtcn; day nunery; weekly entertainments: gymnasium and 
ithleiic events; classes in embroidery, pottery, sewing, cooking, dressmaking, mending, 
iloyd, music (piano, band), dancing; singing societies; folk games; club? for men, women. 
young people and children, with civic, intellectual, and social alms; Sunday school; en- 
lertainmenls; lectures; neighborhood socials; meeting place of independent societies, 
etc. The house maintains with Ihe Associated Charities a housekeeping center and a 
visiting housekeeper. Summer Work. — Flower dislribution; athletics; summer kinder- 
garten; picnics; excursions; camp for boys and girls, 

FoHMEH Location. 1316 Second Si., 1897-Fall, 1906. 

Residents. Women 6, men 4. VolU'n.teers, Women 6;. men ij. Head 
Residents. Caroline T. Plant, 1897-1899; C. B. Guthrie. 1899-1904; Bertha Smith, 
1904-1905; Elizabeth E. Taylor, 1905-1907; Henry F. Burl, [907-. 

Literature. Authoriieo Statements. Reports. 190a, 1908. See alio: The 
New Piltsbury House. Char, and CommoHi, xvii : 694 (Jan, ig, 1907} — Minneapolit 
Settlements. Char, anil Commons, xix ; 1369 {Dec. 31, 1907). 

Unity House 

Headquarters and Girls' Building, 1616 Washington Avenue. N. (1897-). 
Unity Library and Gymnasium, Cor. lylh Avenue, N.. and Third Street 
(1905 and T909). Boys' Club, 1714 North Third Street (1907-). Boys' 
Boarding Club, 1705 Fifth Street, N. (1909-}. Camp Unity, Lake Wapo- 
gasselt, Wisconsin. Playground, lot opposite 1616 Washington Avenue. N. 

Established September 2\, 1897. by the liberal churches of the city for 
"general benevolent and educational work and social and moral reform." 
Aims "to work in co-operation with neighbors for the benefit of the neighborhood 
and city" and "to be a center, which through mulual helpfulness will secure 
higher standards for the children and the neighborhood." Incorporated 
October 29. 1901. Maintained by general subscriptions, and the Church of 
the Redeemer. 

Neichbohhood. " The lumber mill district of Minneapolis, and in the midst of the 
saloon 'patrol district' where drunkenness is common. At present the uplifting agencies 
aside from Unity House are Hope Chapel, maintained by Westminster Presbyterian Church; 
Douglas Chapel, by the Hennepin Avenue Methodist: and gymnasiums at Pilgrim Con- 
gregational and Ascension Catholic Churches. People of various races in the following 
order of numerical importance; German. Jewish, Scandinavian, American, Polish. We 
have no very congested district but are doing increasingly more of preventive work with 
children and civic work through public schools, etc." 

Activities. Conducted a night school in a neighborhood public school 
loaned by the board of education, which work the board assumed in 1907. The 
manual training rooms of a nearby school are used for a settlement class. Active 
in thepromotionand working out of the juvenile protection law. child labor laws, 
playground movemeni, etc. Maintained a library for three years and handed it 
over to the public library in the spring of 1909; a kindergarten from 1902 to 



190S, when it was taken by the public school. Established a penny provident 
fund, and a resident still has charge of it at the Franklin School under the control 
of the Farmers and Mechanics Bank. Gymnasium work was begun in 1905 at 
1627 Washington Avenue, N.; continued for three years at 404 Plymouth 
Avenue, N., and moved into new building, corner 17th Avenue N, and Third 
Street, March, [909. 

MAiNTATNsday nursery; library: boys' boarding club; classes in hand and machine 
sewing, dressmaking, crocheting, embroidery, singing, dancing, current events, dramatics 
and gymnastics; boys' classes in debating, band, cbess, political club, manual training. 
Indian club, sloyd, story-hour, and gymnasiics; clubs for women, boys, girls, and chil- 
dren, having musical, lilerary. industrial or social aims. SHtntnei Wotk. — The play- 
ground is under the supervision oF a trained kindergartner, and milk, Ice and spring 
water are provided, ll is supported by the molhers' club al a cost oF (310 a year, and is 
used by about one hundred children a day. 

Residents. Women 9, men a. Volunteers, Women a. Head Residents. 
Rev. Howard McQueary, 1897; (Mrs.) Helen Page Bales. 1S99; Nellie E. Waile. 1900; 
(Mrs.) Susan Holbrook, 1903; Caroline Macomber Crosby, Aug.. 1904-. 

Literature. Year books of Church of Redeemer. iSgg-rgog — The Social Set lle- 
meni and the Labor Problem. Tbt Kingdom, Oct. ir. 1897 — McQueary, Howard: The 
Social SeltlemenL Tbi Minnesota M.. Jan., [S99. 


Wells Memorial House (Episcopal) 
1 16 North nth Street (1908-) 

Established September, igo8, by Saint Marks Parish, through a gift 
$; Formally opened October 16, 1908, and the management committed 
to a board made up from the Episcopal churches of the city. Supported by a 
small endowment, voluntary contributions, and fees, 

Neichbokhood. The edge of the business district, near the railroad. Not far 
from some targe knitting mills. 

Maintains religious services and Sunday school; kindergarten; day nursery; 
reading room; library; dispensary (medical, eye. ear. nose and throat, surgical, arid ob- 
stetrical departments); gymnasium with classes for adults, young people and children: 
business womcn'sclub: mothers' clubs; work exchange; boys' and girls' clubs; industrial 
school; entertainments, etc. Summer Work.—'Day nursery; library; children's camp. 

Residents. Women 4. Volunteers. Women a. Superintendent. Rev. 
C. E. Haupt. Head Resident. Margaret Chapman. 

Literature. Monthly bulletin. 

ST. PAUL ^1 

Neighborhood House ^^B 

153-157 Robertson Street (1900-) 
Established 1899 by Reformed Jews as the outgrowth of a sewing school, 
organized some five years earlier. Aims "to form a social center for the develop- 
ment of citizenship and to afford an opportunity for sociological study." Made 
non-sectarian in 1903. 


Neigh BOHHOOD. "Sltuaied in West St. Paul . . . in the section commonly 
known as the 'fiats.' it is an old French part of the town, more recently Invaded by Rus- 
sian-Jewish, Syrian, Irish, German, Bohemian, and Polish people." 

Maintains library; sewing school four times a week; mothers' clubs: classes in 
dandng, manual training, and piano; boys' clubs: girls' gtee club; girls' club; gardens; 
picnics, etc. Sumttuf Work. — House closed from June i to October [. 

Former Location. iSs East Indiana Ave,. 1899-1900. 

Resjoents. Women 3. Paid Assistants. Women 3. men i. Volunteers. 
Women 29. men I. Head Residents. Edith Short, 1899-1900; (Mrs.) Margaret McKee 
Pentland, 1900-1905; Clara N. Kellogg, 1905-. 

Lit«rat1iie. Alithorizeii Statements. Reports 1906, 1908. 1909. 



Wesley House (Methodist) 

EsTABUSHED January, 1910, continuing a mission of the Joint Gulf Coast 

Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, a chain of immigrant 

and city mission centers on the Gulf, in the states of Texas, Louisiana and 


Neickrormooii. Located near the oyster canneries among Bohemians and other 
immigrants brought in car loads from Baltimore by the owners of the oyster canneries. 
They remain in this community eight months of the year. At the end of thai time they 
are transported back to the Baltimore canneries. They live in miserable houses, two 

Maintains sewing schools: night schools; boys' dubs; mothers' clubs. The 
deaconess has practiced friendly visiting in all of the homes that have been open to her. 

Residents. Women 2. Volunteers. Women }. Head Resident. Rlioda 
Dragoo, igio-. 

Hanson, J. M,; Social Movements in Kansas City, Commims. vi 

Charily Work in Kansas City. Cbariiies. vii : 34 (Oct. a6. 1901). 
Work in Kansas City. Cbaritiei, ix : ;3S (Nov. ag, 1901). 

Central Presbyterian Chapel and Settlement House 
505 Forest Avenue 

Founded July, 1908, by the Women's Missionary Society of Central 
Presbyterian Church, "to elevate menially, morally, and physically; also to give 
the underlying principles of our government to the foreigners living in Ihe North 
End of our City." Maintained by monthly contributions from the Session of 
Central Presbyterian Church, the missionary societies of the church, the Brother- 
hood of the church, and individuals; also by quarterly contributions from East- 
minster Presbyterian Church of Kansas City, Missouri. 

Neickborkood, "The people o-f this section of Kansas City are Italians, Greeks, 
Belgians, Slavs, Syrians, Negroes, and a few Americans. The Italian settlement known 
as 'Liltle Italy' has over 3^00 souls, a,nd is our special field, alcbougli all but Negroes 

Maintains kindergarten: free clinic; district nursing service; library and reading 
room for men and boys; boys' gymnasium; rigKt classes in cobbling: sewing and cooking 
classes; girls' reading and club rooms; auditorium for religious services. Summer 
tVotk. — Camps, gymnasium work, and social clubs. 

Residents, Women 1, men 1, Head Workers. Rev. Louis Moxedana, June, 
1909-1910; Rev. Enrico Sartorio, Oct., 1910-. ^^^ 

The Institutional Church (Methodist) ^H 

Admiral Boulevard and Holmes Street ^^H 

J institutional features, April, 1905. "The church has two 
departments, viz., the department of worship, with its pastor and corps of 
workers looking to the spiritual upbuilding of our people, and the settlement 
department. The latter department is entirely non-sectarian. We strive to be 
both a religious and social center, radiating uplifting and ennobling influences 
throughout the community and parish — the North End. We seek especially to 
do preventive and constructive work among little children and young people, 
not forgetting the needs of the more mature." 

NiicHBOFHOOD. "Locatcd i 
community of some 10,000 people, 
recent investigation shows more Ihai 
the largest per cent of iKe 20.000 ar 


I what is known as the North End of Kansas City, a 
vhere there is much of sin. poverty, and crime. A 

50 saloons and 55 open houses of ill fame. Racially 
American born. Three thousand Italians are con- 

gested in what is known as 'Little Italy.' There are four thousand Jews, six or seven 
hundred Greeks, and two or three hundred Syrians and Arabs. There are also a great 
many Negroes in our territory. Ours is a community of working people. Many of them 
are prosperous and progressive, but the great majority live perilously near the 'danger line 
of necessity.' When fortune favors, the daily wages are sufficient for the daily needs, but 
there is little margin for emergencies. An accidtni. a spell of sickness, puts the family al- 
most beyond hope ever to gel ahead. Intemperance saps much of theslrength of true man- 
hood and puts an early end to much usefulness. Insanitary housing causes much of 
the sickness and thus many who were once self-supporting drop into poverty and utter 

MAiNTAtNS day nursery; pure milk station; juvenile court work; night school; 
cooking school; music school: gymnasium; shower baths; playgrounds; classes in car- 
pentry, woodworking, mechanical and architectural drawing; sewing, dressmaking, mil- 
linery, embroidery, art drawing, stenography and typewriting; clubs for women, young 
people and children; socials, etc.; religious services. 

Residents. Women 11. Volunteers. Women 60, men 10. Head RtsroENT. 
Ethel Jackson, rgofr-igio; Dr. Charles W. Moore. 19J 1-. 

Literature. Folders, schedules, etc. — Dyson, S. A.: The North End Mis- 
Speclalar. ii. No. 1 (Jan., 190;). 


Jewish Educational Institute 

Admiral Boulevard and Harrison Street (t909-) 

Founded May. 1909. Aims "to instill in the immigrants an understand- 
ing of American citizenship, institutions, and ideals." 

Neighborhood, "Our neighborhood is largely Italian and Jewish, the latter ele- 
ment predominating. While our institute is non-sectarian, its attendance is largely ci 
posed of Jewish Immigrants." 

Maintains relief bureau; special employment service to place immigrants (Gal- 
veston Movement); night school: gymnasium and baths: library: kindergarten and 
nursery; cooking school; music lessons; sewing school; clubs for young m 
dramatic entertainments; lectures and concerts; juvenile court work. 

SupEKiNTENoENT. Jacob Billikopf. 

Thomas H. Swope Settlement 

(Formerly South Side Social Settlement, 1901-190$; Franklin Institute and Social Set- 
tlement, 1905-1909) 
1608-1614 Campbell Street 
Established May 1, 1901, by Mr. J. M. Hanson and Mrs. Luetta R. 
Hanson, "to supplement the crowded homes of the district with a social and 
educational center." Incorporated September, 1906, "to do social and philan- 
thropic work." Aims (1910) "to assist the neighbors in working out their 



neighborhood problem, and to interpret conditions to those more fortunate." 
Supported by voluntary contributions. 

Neichborkood. Localed in a tenement house quarter where there is much bad 
hnusing, a lack of educational facililies, and the problems of unemploymenl and poverty. 
The people are Americans born of Irish stock, Jews, a few Poles. Italians, and Mexicans. 

Activities. Stimulated the board of education to establish a night school 
for the working boys and girls and for immigrants. The civic authorities have 
been interested in the shine shops and the Creek boys, who now have shorter 
days, half holidays on Sunday, and the privilege of attending night school three 
nights a week. The city has been stimulated to appoint a tenement house com- 
mission; and after two years' agitation in regard to the motion picture show and 
mutoscope halls, valuable and necessary legislation was secured. Co-operated 
with its neighbors in an effort to drive out prostitution and to exercise a certain 
moral supervision over the district. Constant efforts to hold the city to its duty 
in the matter of sanitary inspection and service. 

Maintains day nursery; kindergarten; dispensary; visiting nurse; pure milk 
depot; penny ice depot; supervised playground; classes in sewing, domestic science, and 
music; clubs foradulls. young people and children with civic, athletic, and social interests. 
Sumtntr Work. — Basket, ratlia, and bead work; story hour; playground; vacant lot 
gardening; nature study classes. 

FoKMER Locations. 316 E. i9lh St., 1901; 1901 McGee St. 

Residents. Women 4, men 1. Volunteers. Women 15, men 15. Head 
Resjdents, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph M. Hanson, igoi-iyoj; James T. Chafin, t90$-igii. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Spectator, published monthly by the 
Institute. (1904-5.) See also: Hanson. J, M.: Social Movements in Kansas Qiy, Mo. 
Commons, vii. No. 71 (July- 190*) '^ South Side House (Kansas City) under management 
of Improved Dwellings Co. Charities vii : 342 (Oct. 16, 1901). 


Wesley House (Methodist) ^^ 

Corner Wyoming and Lake Avenues 

Established November, 1509, for "the purpose of elevating the home life 
in the community, training the child life, and seeking to bring the people among 
us in touch with the church." Maintained by pledges from the Women's Home 
Mission societies of the seven Methodist churches in the city, by persona! con- 
tributions and monthly subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. In the neighborhood are three large packing plants and two gar- 
ment factories. The people are Americans, and immigrant Slavs; ignorant and helpless. 

Maintains day nursery; playground; library; relief work among destitute; 
friendly visiting; boys' club; kindergarten; sewing school among foreign girls. 
Sammir Work. — Playground. 

Residekts. Women 3, Volunteers. Women 6. Head Resident. France) 
Scott. 1909-. 

Miss. The Sodal SeiltcmenI in Saint Louts. 1909. On fite ■ 


School <rf Philanlhropy. 

Baldwin. Roger N. New Tenants and Old Shacks. SurvQ'. xxv : Sa^-SsS (Feb. 
iS. 1911) 

Church of the Holy Communion (Episcopal) 
Twenty-eighth and Washington Streets 

Founded 1905. The expense of the social work is met by the church, 
many old residents retaining their membership. 

Neichbokhood. a lodging-housr quarter of fine old houses. The people are 
largely clerks in stores, and young people jusi coming lo Ihe city in search of work. 

Maintains educational classes; dubs; nei^borhood visiting. 

Residents, Women a, men t. Volunteers. Mm 40. 

Holy Cross House (Episcopal) 
Marion Place (1910-) 

PouMDED 190$, by the Rev. William Cochran "to benefit the neighborhood 
morally, religiously, socially, and educationally." Supported by the Diocese. 

Neiohborhood. a mixed ficiocy and Icnemenl quarter. The houMs are front 
and rear brick tenements of two or three stories. The people, largely factory employes or 
street laborers, are Cetman and Irish, 

Maintains, in addition 10 the various religious services of Ihe church, a kinder- 
g>rten; resident visiting nurse; pure milk station; daily clinics; rummage sales; classes 
in sewing, cooking and carpentry: clubs for women, boys, and girls. Eoiertainments are 
given weekly. Summtr Work. — Playground; baths; games; picnics and excursions. 

Former Locations, iith St., i9o;-i9c)7: 1)40 N. 14th St.. 1907-1910; 1319 N. 
14th St.. 1907-19(0. 

Residents. Women a, men i. Volunteers. Women 10, men 6. Head Resi- 
dent. Rev. George Farrand Taylor. 1909-. 

Kingdom House (Methodist) 
1033 South Eighth Street (1909-) 

Established in the spring of 1 902. as the outgrowth of a mission begun in 
1896. Aims "to do religious settlement work." Under the control of the 
Woman's Board of City Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, of 
the St. Louis Conference. Supported by subscriptions from members of the 
Methodist Church South in St. Louis. 

NeiCHBORHOOD. A mixed factory and tenement quarter of three and four-story 
brick tenements. The neighbors vary from the immigrant to the cultivated native who 
has "seen better days." The tone of the community is given by the Germans. 

Maintains playground; library; neighborhood parlor and reading room; baths; 
clinic; pure milk station; day nuisery; penny savings station; lunch dub for factocy 
employes: neighbcffhood laundry; supply store; dasses in carpentry, sewing, miDineiy, 



cooking, day modeling, piano; dubs for men, women, girls, and children; lectum. enter- 
lainments, and socials. Summtr Work. — Organized play: shower balhs; outings, etc. 
Many ol the dubs continue [heir meetings, 

FoiiHER Locations. Cor. Seventh and Hickory Sts., 1901-1907: Soi and 80] 
Hickory Sts., 1907-1909. 

Residents. Women 8. Voluhteere. Women ;8, men 3. Head Residents. 
Matlie Wrighl, 1903-1907: Helen C. Gibson, Apr.. 1907-. 

Literature. Annual Year Book. ^H 

Neighborhood House ^^H 

(Formerly the North Broadway Social Settlement) 
1844 and 18460'Falion Street (1908-) 
Established May, 1903, as the outgrowth of volunteer clubs atid classes 
organized in 1S97 by members of the Wednesday Club at 1127 North Broadway. 
In 1902 an association was formed, 3. resident head and trained workers engaged, 
and the name changed to Neighborhood House. Aims "to teach higher stan- 
dards of living, to provide wholesome recreation, and to bring into closer relations 
the people of the surrounding district and those of other parts of the city." " 1 ts 
purpose is to help its neighborhood and its people to grow materially better and 
spiritually higher; to have good houses and then good homes. It seeks to draw 
together in neighborly association and in friendly and helpful intercourse all 
who wish to make our city a better place to live in and its people better citizens," 
Neighborhood. Located in a crowded tenement district of poorly paid wage- 
The people are Poles. Russians. Italians, and Bohemians, with many persons of 

are rapidly moving in 

t investigation showed four hundred 

; playground; special nature study 
lalure study, story telling, sewing, 
: school for non-English 

Irish and German descent, Russian and Polish Jew 
ually crowd out Ihe other nationalities. A rece 
chfldren under six years old in two blocks. 

Maintains day nursery (1906-); kindergarten 
room; library; legal aid; dasses in domestic art, 1 
manual training, basketry, paper (lowers, dancing. 1 
speaking immigrants; clubs for women, young people, and children. Sutnmtr tfork- 
Playground; excursions and outings. 

Former Locations. [3];-I327 N. Broadway, 1897-1906; iji6 North Eleventh 
St.. 1906-1908, 

Residents. Women ). Volunteers. Women ;s, men 4. Head Residents. 
Mrs. Petrine Overland; Mrs. Alexander Young; Mrs. J. W. Wallace; S. Bertha Carring- 
[on; Nina Prey. 1908; Lotta Luckow. 1909-10. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Annual Reports — Pamphlet, The 
North Broadway Social Settlement. Prof. A, O. Lovejoy, of Washington University. 
1904 — Neighborhood House, 1907-8 — Neighborhood House and Day Nursery, Fall, 
1909 — Neighborhood House, its Purpose and Work, J:in.. igio. 

The SAND-PtLE House ^H 

1320 Blair Avenue ^^| 

Established May, 1907, by Helen Gregg, who secured and furnished 
: simply ti 

e a good neighbor to those about her. 


Neighbokkood. a diitrict oC small tenement cottages in ■ much neglected part of 
iKe city. The people are Americans, Irish. Germans, and Jews. 

Maintains sewing clasi. many clubs, and much informal use of the house for parties 
and events. Skim»mt Wori.— The yard provides a garden, and a sand pile and swing for 
children. Pasteurized milk rs distributed lo such as need il. 

Literature. Gregg, Helen: Story of the Sand-pile House. St Louis. 191 r, 
E*rice yt cents. Appty to Miss Gregg, 

Self Culture Hall (Center) 
1832 Carr Street 

Founded 1888. by Walter L. Sheldon and the Ethical Society, for the 
purpose of providing the "sclt-dependcnl, self-respecting artisan class with 
opportunities for self improvement." The first work consisted of establishing 
free reading rooms for men open for evening and Sunday use; then a Friday 
evening lecture course was added; and later a Thursday evening program for 
working girls was attempted. Social features were attempted from time to 
time, but purposely kept subordinate to the educational work. New centers 
were opened in different parts of ihecity as opportunity offered. In 1896 the 
association bought the house at 1832 Carr Street and in so localizing itself laid 
the basis for neighborhood work. Though there were several resident-superin- 
tendents, it was not until 1903 that the neighborhood and social features began 
to be developed, and the house took on many of the aspects of the social settle- 
ment. Aims "to furnish opportunities for recreation and education to working 
men and women, and to assist generally in neighborhood and civic improvement." 
Incorporated 1893. 

NEiGH«ORtiooD, A densely populated working class tenement district. The peo- 
ple are Jews, Irish and American. 

Maintains public library station; public baths; pure milk station with trained 
nurse visitor; study room: penny savings. The house is exceptional in its work for 
adults. Of an average weekly attendance of [318 persons,876areadultsand 342 children. 
Adults' classes in cooking, sewing, millinery, design, elocution, dramatics. literature; clubs 
and organizations for sociability, self help, or propaganda. Children's classes in carpen- 
try, ironwork, raffia, crocheting, drawing, picture framing, paperwork, paper dolt making, 
cooking, sewing, music, dancing, dramatics, stories, games, German, and gymnasium; Fri- 
day entertainments. Sutnmir Work. — Playground; vacation school; picnics and e 

Head Workehs. W. H. Lighty, Spring. 1901; Roger N. Baldwin. Spring. 1906- 
Jinuary. 1907; Allhea Somerville. Jan., 1907-1910: Jane E. Thompson. Sept., 1910-. 
Literature. Authorized Statements. Annual Reports of the house, 190) ff. — 

Ethical Address. Series vii. Nos, 3-4 — Sheldon, Walter L: The Wage-Earn 
Culture Club of St. Louis, Self-Cullure Hal! Association— The Rise of (he Social 
Settlement Movement in St. Louis. Cbar. and Commons, xx ; 670-674 (Sept, 5, 1908). 



St. Stephen's House (Episcopal) 
Sixth and Rutger Streets 

Founded as a mission in 1884. Neighborhood work begun by Gustavus 
Tuckerman in 1891. The new building erected in iSgywas called St. Stephen's 
House. Aims "to be a social settlement on distinctively Christian lines." The 
religious work is supported by the congregation, but the institutional work is 
paid for by the Episcopal churches of the city. 

Neighbofhood. a tenement qua.rter of two-story brick houses. The neighbors 
are largely of German extritction. 

Activities. Maintained the first free playground in St. Louis; one of 
the first free kindergartens; and conducted the first public baths. 

Maintains, In addition to the services of the church there are reading and smoking 
rooms; gymnasium; under-age kindergarten; twenty classes, and nine ciubs^ clothing 
bureau: entertainments, etc. Sumnter tVork. — Religious work as in winter. Reading, 
smoking rooms and gymnasium open all the year. Open-air play yard, baskel and base- 
ball, shot, quoits, etc. all Ihe year. St. Stephen's-in-1 he-Hills, a tract of 1 lo acres in foot- 
hills of the Ozark Mountains, on the Meramec River, is a summer pleasure ground for St 
Stephen's people, equipped with chapel, playroom, dining room, kitchen, three dormi- 
tories, and four cottages for attendants. Entertained, summer 1910, for one week each, 
490 persons. 

Residents. Women 3, men j. Volunteer Residents. Women 1. men 1, 
Head Residents. Rev. Gustavus Tuckerman, 1891-1901; Rev. H.W. Miiner, 1901-. 

Literature, Authorized Statements. Journal of the Church in the Diocese of 
Missouri. Set also: Occasional articles in Ciitrcb Neva, Ihe ofTicia] paper of the Diocettj 
of Missouri — Issues of Si. SUpbtn's Cbimes, parish paper occasionally published. ^m 

United Jewish Educational and Charitable Associations ■ 
901 Carr Street 
Established 1904, by the amalgamation of various Jewish educational 
philanthropies, one of which dales back to November, 1875. Aims "to uplift 

the moral and intellectual development of the dwellers of the neighborhood." 

NErcHBOitHOOD. Until a few years ago [he heart o[ the Jewish immigrant quarter of 
5l. Louis. The Jewish population is moving toward the western pan of the city, their 
place being rapidly filled by the Italians and colored people. The Alliance is now planning 
to open branches in the localities where its former constituents live. 

Activities. Efforts to better the sanitation and housing in its quarter; 
and has had a part in the city-wide efforts for parks, playgrounds, library facili- 
ties, baths, increased public school facilities, better housing laws, improvement of 
street service, the extension work of the board of education, etc. 

Maintains day nursery; pure milk station; employment bureau; dispensary; 
district nurse; relief department; neighborhood investigator; social housekeeper; legal 
aid bureau: kindergarten; Hebrew free school; Hebrew Saturday children's service: 
penny savings bank; industrial school (sewing, cooking, weaving, embroidery, houK- 
keeping, etc.); commercial department (shorthand, typewriting, bookkeeping, telegraphy, 
grammar and penmanship): music department (piano, violin, orchestra and violin club); 


auidemic (dassn for foreignen, algebra, geography, arithmetic, physics, history and 
English}; clubs for men and women, young people, and children; concerts; lectures: 
weekly moving picture shows; dances: social gatherings; children's plays; club enier- 
Sumnur Ifork. — Open air meetings; club and class outings: picnics; 



Philip L.Stman, T904-1910; Lazarus E.Schlechter, 


Literature. Authoriied Statement's. Yearbook* of the Jewish Charitable 
and Educational Union, 1904 (T. — Jewish Educational Alliance, 1906. What ll Is and 
What It Is Doing. Pamphlet — Jewish Educational and Charitable Association, Meycr- 
san't Anur. Family M.. Vol, iii. Jan., 1906 — Alliance Cadets. Star CbronicU, Apr. 9, 
r9o6 — Night School. /Ibetid Anitigrr. May 4. T906 — What the Alliance Means. 
Ripublic, Apr, 14, 1906 — Work of the Legal Aid Bureau, Star, Oct, la. 1906 — Penny 
Savings Bank, Star, Dec. 7, ]9o6 — The Benlon Play, Jemisb yoict, Feb, r, 1907 — 
Alliance Plays. Modern Vifw. Mar. 1 ;, rgoy — Seman, Philip L. ; Work of the Educa- 
tional Alliance, Modem yinc, Apr, 5, 1907 — Penny Savings Bank. RtpuhUc. Apr. la, 
1907 — The Alliance and What It Does, Republic. May 10, 1907 — Alliance Notes, 
Medtm yiew, Oct. ao, tgo/ — Alliance Notes. Modem yieui. Oct, 26, 1907 — Alliance 
and Tuberculosis Exhibit. Poll Dispatcb, Nov. j, 1907 — Tuberculosis Exhibit. Clobe 
Democrat, Nov, 3, 1907 — Musical Department of the Alliance. Times, Jan. 10, [908 — 
Jewish Progress in St. Louis. Modem Vieui. Apr. 30, 1908 — What the Penny Bank of the 
Alliance Does. Mogy's M.. July, 1908 — Flower Show. Star, Oct. la, 1908 — Moving 
Pictures of the Alliance. 5i<ir, Nov. r?, igoS — Seman, Philip L,: Directory of Charities 
and Philanthropies, 1909, The Social Settlements — Housing Conditions, 5liir, Feb, S. 
1909 — Fine Art Culture. Star. Mar. 19, 1909 — Seman, Philip L.: What IsOrganiaed 
Charity? Jeuiiib Koice. Vol. 46, No. ai, Mayai, 1909 — Ghetto Families Plan to Migrate 
to Farm Homes, Star, Jan, 9, [910 — Conditions in St, Louis Ghetto, Post Dispntcb, 
Jan. 11. tgio — Landlordsand Ghetto Conditions. Poii Dispatch, }i,n. la, 1910 — Con- 
ditions in St. Louis Ghetto, Post Dispalcb, i^n. ij, 1910 — Seman, Philip L.: What the 
Charity Meeting Did, Modem yimi, Jan, 16, 1910 — Jewish Philanthropy in St, Louis. 
Modtrn yiew, Jan, 16, igio — Effective Uplift Work. Census . Week of April 17, 1910 — 
Housing Experts and East End Conditions. Star. May at, igio — Seman, Philip L.: 
Jewish Activities in St. Louis. Federation Rev.. June, 1910. 




Social Settlement of Omaha 

1416-1438 Soulh Thirteenth Street (1909-); Cor. South Fourteenth and WiF 

liams Streets (1910-); Second and Williams Streets {1910-) 

Established August, 1908, by the Association of Collegiate Alumnx, the 
social science department of the Omaha Women's Club and friends, "to provide 
2 center for higher civic and social life, where a few of us may live in daily per- 
sonal contact with the people of the neighborhood and may co-operate with them 
in every effort for the common good." 

"The general character of the business of this association is that of social 
service. Its particular business is to establish and sustain a household, or house- 
holds, within the limits of the city of Omaha, under the direction of head and 
resident workers, with day nursery, classes, clubs, entertainments, and any other 
means found to be needed in the work of bringing about and sustaining an in- 
telligent acquaintance on the part of all of the citizens of Omaha with the life of 
every branch of her social system. Its purpose is to foster and develop the good 
instincts and tendencies common to all peoples, to advance ethical values, to 
deepen the sense of appreciation of social relationships and responsibilities, to 
enlarge practical knowledge of hygiene and sanitation, and 10 meet all other 
needs in the direction of practical progress in personal integrity, personal happi- 
ness, and good citizenship." Incorporated March 27, 1908. 

Neighborhood, A tenemenl qujiler of collage homes and tenements. The 
people ate largely Bohemians, though the:re are Jews, Syrians, and Italians, 

Maintains dispensary; branch of the public library; military drill: gymnastic 
work; manual training; cooking; sewing; basketry: hammock making: chair caning; 
singing; story hour; boys' and girls' clubs; socials; Clean Cily League; vacant lot gar- 
dens. Summtr Work. — Vacation school; outings; tennis and croquet courts and ball- 
field; camp for working boys and girls. 

Former Location, Initial. 14;$ South i4lh St.. Aug,, 1908-July, 1909, 

Residents, Women a. Volunteers, Women io, men 3. Head Residents.^ 
Winifred Lyford, Sept, 19, 1908-Jan, 19, 1909; Clara E. Schaefer. September 1, 1909-. . 



The Church Settlement Association (Episcopal) 

Established September, 1903, for "sociological work in the state of New 
Hampshire." After ten years of neighborhood work in the vicinity of her summer 
home in the township of Danbury, New Hampshire, the late Mrs. G. G. Nichols 
of Dedham, and Miss Elizabeth Slocum of West Roxbury, Massachusetts, se- 
cured the erection of 3 little church building, and in 1897 purchased an old inn. 
which became a rural social center. This property was iransferred to a board of 
trustees at the dates indicated above. Incorporated. November, (903. 

Nejgiiborhood. Adjoins thi? school of a hamlet of jome fifty inhabitants, «nd is in 
the midsl of an extended rural region of New Ergland people and French Canadiaoj. 

Maintains. The trustees of the association are individually and collectively in- 
terested in civic and social work both in Concord and the stale at large. They are engaged 
in a sociological study of the state and have secured valuable data covering nearly one 
hundred and fifty townships. The selltemenl house al Elmwood, Danbury, is the center 
of its rural interests. This house is open only In the summer, and has an excellent 
library and reading room, and a large hall lot all social purposes. Land adjoin- 
ing has been purchased for a playground for the village school. Particular interest 
is taken in the extension of school supervision. For twenty-three years small classes 
have been held from lime to lime in various subjects. — American history, the violin, sew- 
ing. cooking, basketry, rug-making: while guilds and clubs have had their history of a 
longer or shorter duration. From this center, and other centers, a large amount of litera- 
ture relating to the home, schools, farms, sanitary matters and good citiienship (and many 
barrels of magazines for lumber camps) have been sent to all parts of the state. Also 
books and pamphlets relating to sociological work have gone to teachers and other workers 
both within and without the state, A clothing bureau has also been a feature of the work. 
Large use has been made in many places of the stereopticon. Four experiments have been 
tried in district nursing. A small hospital close to the settlement has just been 
given into the hands of the association, SumiHer Wtir*.— A camp for boys maintained 
by the missionary society of St. Paul School, Concord, and under the management 
of John R. Weller, a special branch of the work not referred to above. This camp, and 
a house for councillors made up of older boys of the above society, are on School Pond 
in tfie same town of Danbury. 

For information address Secretary of the Church Settlement Association, 8o>i 
School St.. Concord, N. H, 

Literature. Pamphlets issued by the settlement: Honor in Potilici. By the late 
John G. Floyd of New York — Emery, W. S.; The Divorce Question, The Nation's 
CallandtheCall of New Hampshire. Five Years of Country Settlement Work. Reports 
of Settlement Association for iga6, 1907-08. 


of Settle 




Organized in March, 1903, at the call of Cornelia Bradford of Whiti 
House, Jersey City, "to bring together the settlement workers of the state in 
monthly conferences for the discussion of subjects of immediate interest in this 
kind of work; to promote and safeguard legislation affecting the interests of the 
people in industrial districts and cities." 

"The object of the association shall be to effect co-operation among those 
who are working for neighborhood and civic improvemenls and to promote 
movements for social progress." 

Activities. The association meets monthly at the different settlements. 
The work of the houses is explained, and an address given by some person 
informed on neighborhood or civic work. The association, through its legisla- 
tive committee, appears from time to time before the legislature in support of 
bills on child labor, pure food, amusements, etc. 

Officers. President: Cornelia Bradford, Whiltier House, Jersey City. Secre- 
tary: R. EsIelJe Lauder, Newark Neighborhood House, Newark. 

Literature. The Newsofihe Neighborhood House. Summil, N, J., May, 1906 — 
New Jersey Neighborhood Workers, (Moles on topics discussed al monthly meeting.) 
Char, and Commoni, xvii : 1051 (Mar. g, 1907). 


Neighborhood Settlement House ^^ 

Corner Vasseller Avenue and Second Street 
D November, T909, by a board of twenty-six representative 
of Bound Brook. "This house stands for better living, for 
Is of lite and good citizenship among a targe foreign population." 
Neichdorhood. a mill and factory district. The population is Italian and Slavic. 
Maintains clinic: district nursing service; library and reading room; night school 
for the Italians; gymnastic work for boys and girls; sewing school; clubs for boyi and 
prls and young men; cooking classes; gardens: playground. 

W. Second Si., Nov., 1909-N01 


men and womi 

Former Location. Nunes' Hoi 
Restdents. Women a. Volunteers, Women i 
IS V. J. Curren, Nov,, 1909-Feb.. 1910; S. Elvira Hodges, Feb., 



Civic League Neighborhood House ^H 

33 Dean Street (1907-) ^H 

Established November, 1907, as the outgrowth of a boys' club established 
in iS99byacommitteeof theWoman'sClub. This committee in 1 900 organized 



the Civic League which developed the boys' work into a day nursery and neigh- 
borhood center, and carried on the work with volunteers' service until 1907. 
Aims " to bring about such cordial knowledge and co-operation as shall ensure 
that the community can work as one man for the good of all; to secure a demo- 
cratic social center where all may meet for improvement, recreation and civic 

Neichborkood. The town is a residential suburb without factories. The people 
are Irish, Americans. Italians, Jews, and Negroes. 

Activities. The league suggested and helped organize (Spring, 1907) a 
bureau of associated relief. A club of colored boys, maintained during some ten 
years, was established December 17, 1907, in a house at 12 West Palisade Avenue. 
The club is self-governed except for the supervision of a committee of three 
members from the league board, and is almost entirely self supporting. 

Maintains day nursery; library; penny provident bank, with branches in the 
neighborhood schools; classes in basketry, chair caning, burnt wood, metal work, sewing, 
ilory hours and numerous clubs for all ages. Summer Work. — Two playgrounds, home 
gardens, and co-operation with vacation societies. 

Residents. Women 1, men I. Vouunteehs. Women 4s. men j. Head 
Resident. Mrs. William Bryant, Fall, 1907-. 

Literature. I. Autuorjied Statements. Reports of the League, especially 
1907^1909. It. Social Studies by Residents. Chapin, Caroline B. (of the Civic 
League, Englewood): Settlement Work Among Colored People, j^iin. Amer. Acad. 
0/ Pei. mid Soc. ScL. xxi : 3 (March, 190)). 

Whittier House 
173 (1894) -174 (1907) Grand Street 
Established May 14, 1894, by Cornelia F. Bradford as the outgrowth of 
social work begun December 20, 1893, in a small room called an "office" in the 
People's Palace. Incorporated for the following purposes: "(1) Through 
friendship, neighborliness and personal influence to promote in the community 
such a relation of fellowship and mutual helpfulness between people of different 
occupations and different opportunities as shall improve the physical, intellectual 
and moral welfare of the neighborhood. The means to this end shall include, in 
addition to the personal forces of friendship, the formation of such kindergartens, 
classes, clubs and societies as shall promote the social ideal. (2) To establish a 
house which shall serve as the residence for those actively engaged in the work of 
the settlement, as the center for advantageously studying the social problem at 
close range and out of personal experience ; as the meeting place for clubs, classes, 
conferences and entertainments, and as the common meeting ground for the 
development and expression of the social, civic and moral spirit of the community, 
(j) To co-operatewith churches, with educational, charitable and labor organiia- 
tions, and with other agencies organized for the improvement of social condi- 


"The object of Whillter House is to work for the social betterment of tfiP 
ward in which it is located, to live on friendly terms with its neighbors and to 
reach out through the ward into the city. The foreign neighbor it helps to 
citizenize and to (it for life either in Jersey City or in some other locality. It is 
entirely undenominational tn belief and work, though a Chinese Sunday school 
was carried on in one of [he rooms for over two years. It believes that in all 
peoples, even though their customs vary, their standards be different, and our 
conventionalities be discarded, there are reserves of moral power and worth, and 
therefore desires not only to give, but also to learn." 

Neighborhood. "The people are 7; per cent Slavic, and l; per cent Irish, 
Germans, Negroes. Russians. Poles, and I talians. The men work in the sugar, soap, and 
tobacco factories, and on the docks. The quarter is sordidly poor and in constant flux. 
with none of ihe picturesque and intellectual qualities of the lower East Side of New 

Activities. Whittier House is the pioneer settlement in New Jersey and 
has been able to be of service as well to the slate as lo the city. With the College 
Settlements Association it conducted an investigation into the housing condi- 
tions of Jersey City, which resulted in the formation of the State Tenement 
House Commission. The first inspectors, working under the commission, were 
residents. The house was instrumental in establishing the State Consumers' 
League, which has its office at the House, the State Neighborhood Workers Asso- 
ciation, and the Hudson County Tuberculosis Sanitarium. Residents have fre- 
quently appeared before various legislative committees, and are represented on 
the State Board of Charities, the Child Labor Committee, the Pure Food Com- 
mittee, the Children's Protective Alliance, the Hudson County Vigilance 
League, Miss Bradford has given much time to lecturing, writing, and speaking 
on phases of social work both in New Jersey and elsewhere. 

Established the first free kindergarten in the city, which it finally turned 
over to the public authorities; the first district nurse, which resulted in the 
organization of the Municipal Nursing Service; and Ihe first public playground, 
which was for some years the only one. In 1896 the mayor appointed two resi- 
dents on the Investigation and Relief Committee for the purpose of inquiry into 
the origin of a large fire, and to administer funds to the victims. Discontinued 
its dispensary to co-operate in 1907 with Ihe city dispensaries; and relinquished 
its library to the city, though it is still carried on in the building. Its legal aid 
department, organized in 1894, has always been a most important feature. 
Instrumental in organizing the Jersey City Society for Prevention of Cruelty lo 
Children, theOrganized Aid, and the City Betterment League. I Is Neighborhood 
Council has appeared before the mayor, Ihe board of education, and other public 
bodies, and has been instrumental in securing a playground for the ward, and 
in doing other social work. There is a governing board made up of members of 
the older clubs, and all questions of detail in regard to the carrying on of the 
settlement are referred to this board. 

Maintains branch of the public library; evening clinic; legal aid; ofTicc savings 
bank: study room for school children; neighborhood and club councils; classes in sewing. 



Gookin^ ratllinery, drtumaking, embroidery, basket weaving, chair caning and athletiu; 
clubs with musical, dramatic, alhlelic, dancing, and social ends for women, young people, 
and children. There are several clubs organized on a racial basis^ and the house provides 
a room for a Chinese Sunday school. Eniertainmenls; lectures on social, economic, and 
other subjects; patties and socials. The bouse is frequently used for the weddings. 
funerals and parties of the neighbors. 

Residents. Women ir. men ]. Volumteers. Women 40, men 10. Heao 
Resident. Cornelia F. Bradford, 189)-. 

Literature. I. Authoriied Articles. Reports and circulars. (Apply at settle- 
ment.) — Bradford, Cornelia F.: ForJerseyCity'sSocial Uplift {UfeatWhiitier House). 
Wbittitt H^ust Rtv., Commfii, x : loj-106 (Feb., 1905)- ■Sen also: A New Settlement 
Among the Poor. Outiook, Dec. 1S93 — An American Canning Town Selllemenl. Indt' 
ptndtnt. Jan , 1894 — Whittier House In Jersey City. Cbrislian City, Mar , 189s — Whit- 
tier House. Proiptel Union Rev.,lA»i. 13. 1895 — Whitlier House. Outlook, May, 1S9; — 
Whittier House. Outlook, Ivii : jSg (Oct, g, 1897) — Anniversary of Whittier House. 
Outlook, lin : 188 (May ai. 1898) — Kingsbury, Mary A. K.: Women in New York 
Settlements, Whittier House. Mnnic. ^J/airt. il : 4^8-463 {Sept., 1898) — Whiltler 
House. Jersey City. Contmons. ix : 508-9 (Oct., 1904) — Sayles. Mary B.: Settlement 
Workers and Their Work. III. Oailooi, Ixxviii : )o4-3i 1 (Oct. 1. 1904). 

II. Social Studies by Residents. Sayles, Mary B. (Fellow of the College Set- 
tlements Association at Whittier House): Housing Conditions in Jersey City. Supple- 
ment to Anit. AmtT.Acai.oJ Pat, and Six. Sci., Jan.. 1901. Printed in condensed form in 
Eighth and Ninth Annual Reporisof Whittier House, 1901-1903. Steatto: Commottt.vM, 
No. 75 (Oct., 190J) — Butler, Eliiabelh B, (Executive Secretary, Consumers' League of 
New Jeisey): Mercantile Houses in Jersey City. Published in the Thirteenth Annual Re- 
port of Whittier House. New Jersey Children in the Street Trades. Char, atid Comnumi. 
xvii ; ia6a (Mar. 16, 1907). Sweated Work in Hudson County, N. J. Char, and Commims. 
xix ; 1157-1364 (Dec. ai, 1907). Women and the Trades. Char. Publication Committee. 
1910 — GrifTilhs, Jane (Investigator for Vineland, N. J , School for Feeble Minded): 
Causes for Feeble Mindedness — White, Eliz, T.: Slavic Conditions in Jersey City. 
Pamphlet. Whittier House. Oct. 1909 — Underbill. Ruth M. (Executive Secretary, Con- 
sumers' League of New Jersey): Mercantile Conditions in Paterson — Dinwiddle. Emily 
(General Secretary of New York Tenement House Commission): Investigation of the 
Family Tenements of New York — Whittier House, jersey Oly. Cbtir. and CiiinniDiii. 
x\-ii : 1051 (Mar. 9. 1907). 


Y AND Neighborhood House (Jewish) 
108 Montgomery Street (1907-) 
Established 1907, as an outgrowth of a day nursery started by the Jewish 
Sisterhood in 1905. "Our house is fast becoming a neighborhood center to be 
looked to and counted on for encouragement and sympathy. . . . The 
crying need for social activity led to the beginning of our dub work." Report, 
1907. Incorporated December, 1908. 

Neighborhood, "Situated in the heart of the Jewish district. The people are 
Russians, Hungarians, Slavs, and some Catholic Poles. Conditions are poor, as the mother 
is, in a good many homes, the main support of the family." 



Maintains day nursery; library; visiting nurse; work Tor immigrant giris: cIUMS 
in oxiking and home keeping; sewing; cIuIm for women, young people, and children; 
enlerlainments, Sitmnier Wori,— Excursions and picnics. 

Residents. Women 3, men 1. Volunteers. Women 10, men 7. Head 
Residents. JaniceS. Reed, 1907; Anna Guitman, 1908; Minnie Fiiher, Sept., 1909-. 

Literature. Jour, of the Jewish Sisterhood, 1907 (Fall) — Jewish Sisterhood, 

Newark Neighborhood House 
555 Market Street (1905-) 

Established January, 1905, "to establish neighborhood houses, conduct 
social research, and act as a bureau of information." Incorporated 1905. 

Neighborhood. "The ' Ironbound District' is the heart of the great factory dis- 
trict. In the section between Market and Ferry streets, from the Pennsylvania Railroad 
to Van Buren Street, are thehomesof two large colonies of 'the strangers within our gates.' 
— an Italian and a Slavic colony. In the latter colony are Poles, Lithuanians, Hungarians, 
and a few hundred from the other Slavic peoples. Beyond Van Buren Street, 'Way Down 
Neck,' and following the river, are the homes of thousands of German. Irish, English and 
American workmen and iheir families. The shopkeepers on the two main thoroughfares. 
Market and Ferry Streets, are largely Jews and Germans, The houses in this section are 
representative of the various strata of society. Here are multitudes of tenements of the 
worst type, veritable cesspools of disease into which are crowded the newly arrived, un- 
skilled laborers; scores of small, neat houses owned by skilled laborers; and a few houses of 
the well-to-do families." 

Activities. Secured a park for the district. In co-operation with the 
board of education opened a recreation center with gymnasium and social work 
in one of the public schools, and this work the city now conducts. 

Maintains denial clinic; dispensary for factory giris conducted by women physi- 
cians; modified milk station; library; penny savings service; classes in cooking, sewing 
and carpentry; clubs for dramatics; dances and social life, entertainments, etc. Sumhut 
tVork. — Many clubs and classes are conlinued. 

Residents. Women j. VoruNTEEHS. Women ao. men 3. Head Residents. 
Royal Loren Melendy, 1905-1907; Fred S, Hall, J907-1908; R. Estelle Lauder, Jan., 

Literature. 1. AtirnoRiiED Statements. Reports, etc. The Newark Social 
Settlement Association-A Prospectus. {Jan., 190;) — The Neighborhood House 
(Leaflet). March. 1907 — Some of the Clubs at the Neighborhood House. March, 1907 
— The Neighborhood House (Report, undated. 1908?) — Hall, Fred S.: A Settlement 
Trial. Cbar. and Commons, ;(vii : 870-871 (Feb. 9. 1907) — The Newark Neighborhood 
House. Cbat. and Commom, xix : 936-^17 (Oct. jg. 1907) — Newark Association. 
Cbar. and Commons, xix: 1169-1270 (Dec. ai, 1907), Ste alio: Melendy, R. F.: 
Surveying an Untilled Field. Commons. % : ta (Feb., 190;). 11. Articles or Social 
Studies by Residents. Melendy, R. F.: The Saloon in Chicago and Substitutes 
for the Saloon. Amer. Jour, of Social., Nov., 1900, and Jan., 1901. 

^^^^^m JERSEY 1«$ 

Sophia Ricord Neighborhood House 

488 North Fourth Street (1908-) 

Established March 17, 1908, by Marie Louise Walts and MissConklin, 
as an outgrowth of a mission started in 1903 and named as a memorial to Sophia 
Ricord, a Newark philanthropist. Aims "to improve the social, mental and 
physical condition of the neighborhood." Incorporated, 1908. 

NeicHBORHOOD. An industrial factory district with nearby faclories. The people 
are IHsh-American, Germ an- American, and Italian. 

Maintains gymnastic classes; manual training: game club; libraiy; story hour; 
dancing: sewing school; penny provident; kitchen garden; four boys' clubs; woman's 

RESineMTS. Women ). Head Resident. M. Louise Waits, March, 1908-. 


Neighborhood House (Presbyterian) 

jii Morris Avenue (1904-) 

Established in the spring of [901. as the outgrowth of a mission work 
begun in the autumn of 1900 by the First Presbyterian Church. The work while 
undenominational is broadly Christian. It aims "to work out, if possible. 
Summit's immigration problem, represented in a small factory community on 
her outer limits." "Our aim is to work with our neighbors for that social 
righteousness which shall make our part of the town distinctly wholesome, 
helpful and lovely, and its residents physically, morally and spiritually what 
they should be in a rural settlement." (1905, Head Resident.) Incorporated 
March 30, 1903. Maintained largely fay the First Presbyterian Church. 

Neigh BoKHOoD. "The town of Summit, with its ilistinctively suburban charac- 
teristics, has on its northern outskirts 3 community that stands praclicatly apart from the 
town life by reason of its industrial interests and large numbers of foreign residents. A 
silk mill employs berween five hundred and six hundred workers, and other industries at- 
tract several hundred more, who live in this immediate vicinity and on the opposite shores 
of the Passaic river. The majority of the populaiion are Syrians, Armenians, and Polish 
Jews. Other nationalities represented are Italians, Irish, Americans. Bohemians, Russians. 
Belgians, English, and Turks. In a nelghborhiKx] made up of such diverse elements, we 
aim to provide a unifying interest which shall give to every child, at least, widening oppor- 
tunities for training head, hand and spirit. Our problems arc consequently dilTercnl from 
those of the city settlement. The limitations in population and area complicate si 
our questions quite as much as they simplify others, where we have such widely differing 
nationalities to work with under one roof," 

Maintains Sunday school and occasional religious services in different lan- 
guages; library; classes for immigrants: sewingschool: kitchen garden: cooking; piano 
lessons and practice; athletics; clubs for children and women. SuMnier IVork.—Tht 
house is open all summer and conducts a playground and children's gardens, 

FoRMEK Location. 553 Morris Ave. Tenement residence. 1901-1904. 

Residents. Women ). Volunteer. Women 1, Head Residents. Annie 
Creetman, Spring, 1901-Fall, 1901: Grace Elizabeth PaJne, Fall. 1901-1906; Katharine 


Fairbaini, tc)o6-Jan., 1909: Caroline Scowes, Jan., 1909-Fall, 1909; Louise M. Lyon, 
SepI,. \90q-. 

Literature. Authoriied Statements. Report. Nov., 1904 — Tbi N«w. 
ipecial number. May, 1906 — Annual Slatement for [908: igog. See alio: Neighbor- 
hood House, Commons. May, rgo;, pp. jiG-jry — Two Sellletnenls in Smaller Cities, 
Charities, «v ; 708 (May 6. [905). 


Visiting Nurses' Settlement ^H 

24 Valley Street " 

Established September 1, 1900, by Margaret H. Pierson "for visiting 
nursing among the poor," as an outgrowth of the feeling of the visiting ntjrse of 
the Orange Training School that she should live in the "Valley." Miss Pierson 
was appointed head worker by the board of governors of the training school, 
and for five years the pupil-nurses of the hospilal received training at the settle- 
ment. In 1908, when the pupil-nurses were withdrawn, a boardof governors was 
formed to support and develop the work. Supported by subscription. 

Neighborhood. (See Orange Valley Social Instiiute, below.) 

Activities. Instrumental in starting the OrthopEdic, Anti-Tubercu- 
losis School, First Aid to Injured and Milk Dispensary branches of the local 
nursing service. 

Maintains a three months' course in visiting nursing, including ouldoortrealmenl 
for tuberculosis, for graduates of recogniied training schools; milk dispensary: a branch ol 
the diet kitchen of the Orange Valley: a first aid room; a night nurse; annual rummage 
sale; and constant active co-operation with the board of health. In co-operation with the 
Orange Valley Social Institute the house provides public lectures on phases of nursing 
and health. 

K^stDENTs. Women 16. Volunteeiis. Women 3, Head Residents. Eliw- 
beth O. Tappan, 1900-1901; Mary Wehrley, 1901-1903; Margaret M. Andeiwn, 190a- 
1906; Honora Bouldin, 1907-. 

Literature. Authorized Articles. Eighth Annual Report— 1907-8, 5« alta: 
Nurses' Settlement, Orange, Cbarilies, xii ; 198 (1904) — Pierson, Margaret H.: The 
Orange Visiting Nurses' Settlement. Cbar. and Commons, xvi : 4S-31 (Apr. 7, 1906) 
Orange Visiting Nurses' Settlement. Char, and Commons, xx : 508 (July 18, 1908). 

Orange Valley Social Institute 
35 Tompkins Street (1897 and 1908-) 
Established April 1, 1897, at first under the auspices of a committee 
citizens of Orange, N.J,; now governed by a settlement association; "to provide 
educational and social opportunities for the people of the neighborhood." In- 
corporated, 1907. 

Neicmhorhood. Orange Valley includes the manufacturingdislrictot the Oranges. 
In it are about ten large hat and box facloriei, around which are gathered a dense popula- 



Hon of operatives. The crowded condilbns of ihe homes and Ihe small incomes of ihe 
workers make il impossible for these people to provide for themselves the recreative and 
social surroundings that are both pleasant and profitable- At presenl the uloon has alone 
nken advantage of the situation, and as a result (here is much intemperance and conse- 
quent poverty of home comforts. Differing from most other settlements, it is unique in 
being located in a rural community, yei having Ihe perplexing problems of city settlement!. 
The people number ,\ me ricans, Irish, Poles, Germans, and Italians. 

Activities. The settlement kiniicrgatten has been laken over by the 
board of education. The house has been of service in some labor difficulties. 
A civic club of young men interest themselves in the problems of the neighbor- 
hood. OrganizedOrange Valley Civic League (1897), which bettered the condi- 
tions of streets, suppressed gambling in public places, and was inslrumental in 
securing a hospital for contagious diseases. 

Maintains public library; penny providentbankwilh stations in the public schools: 
classes in kitchen garden; sewing; boys' and girls' gymnastic work; Italian lace work for 
older women; dramatic club, folk dancing; socials; lectures; mothers' meeting. 

Residents. Women 4. Volunteers, Women jo, men j. Heap Residents, 
Bryant Venable, 1897-189S; Charles H. Waimer. 1698-1901; Arthur Qevcland Hall. 
1901-190); Adelaide Crommelin, 190}-. 

Literftture. Authoriied Articles. Statements. March, 1S99. and Jan., 1901. 
Sit tdio: Orange Valley Institute. Commom, July. 1897; News Note. Conumns, June, 
1901 —Orange Valley Socul Institute, Orange, N. J. OnJlx'i. Ivii : loii (December ij. 
1897) — Orange Valley, N. J, Social Settlement. Cbm.atui ComMim, xix : 1376^30.4, 


Visiting Nurse Settlement 

45 Ward Street (1908-) 

Established November, 1908, as an outgrowth of the work of a visiting 
nurse committee of Ihe Charity Organization Society. Incorporated 1910, 

Neichborhood. The nursing district is the city. The settlen 
the silk, flax, and jute mill district; and the people ate largely Irish-American, with a few 
American. Italian, and Dutch. 

Activities. District nursing; school nursing; dental clinic. 

Maintains classes in sewing, basketry, cooking, nursing, carpeniry, mending, danc- 
ing, clay modeling, mothers' club; dramatic and social organizations; study class for work- 
ing boys. Sammtt Work. — House Is open in summer and some classes a 

Residents. Women 3. Volunteers. Women 14. men 8. Head Residents. 
EliMbelh Sumner, Nov., igoS-June, 1909; Gladys WelU. June, 1909— June, 1910; Ger- 

trude C. Scott, 1910-. 

Literature. Annual Report. 1910 


Princeton Neighborhood House 

(Formerly Miller Hall) 

Headquarters, Public Library. 152 Nassau Street. Men and Boys' Work, 16 

Witherspoon Street 

Established September, 1910, by a group of interested citizens, as an 
outgrowth of the Boys' Improvement Club, organized March, 1893, at Miller 
Hall by Dr. John Miller, Susan Miller and Prof. Walter A. Wyckoff, "for 
the purpose of bringing together the non-sectarian social work and of providing 
a place for the instruction and amusement of the white inhabitants of the town; 
and with the further intention of establishing eventually a social center for the 
colored population." 

Neighborhood. Townspeople of alt types; population mainly American (nearly 
one-fourth being colored), with a good proportion of Irish and Italian and a sprinkling of 
other nationalities. 

Maintains classes in English, domestic art and science, kitchen garden, novelty 
work; social, reading, and dramatic clubs; game room; gymnasium; penny provident 
bank; headquarters of the Charily Organizaiion Society; co-operation with the public 
library, the public school, the town nurse. Village Improvement Society, Ladies' Aid 
Society, Needle-work Guild, Employment Bureau, Phitadelphian Society. Purposes to 
carry on a day nursery; nightschool; lace work foi Italian women; room for visiting nurse; 
reading rooms; hall for entertainments, dramatics, and dancing; gymnasium, swimming 
tank, pool rooms; home for resident workers; rooms for community organisations that 
are social or charitable in Iheir purpose. 

Residents. Women a. Volunteers. Women 8, men 8. Resident Director. 
Harriet McDougal Daniels. 1910-. 

Literature. Report on the Social Conditions of Princeton, Summer of igia 
(Not published.) 



Cathedral Settlement (Catholic Center) 

88 Phillips Street 

For boys solely. Supported by the St. Vincent de Paul Society. 

IS gymnasium; reading ^nd game rooins; balhs. 

Guild of St. Elizabeth (Catholic Center) 
88 Phillips Street 

Founded June. 1901, by a group of women as a result of a sermon on St. 
Elizabeth of Hungary. Aims to carry on "benevolent work among children," 
and "to conduct a neighborhood house for the benefit of the poorer residents of 
the South End." Incorporated January 14, 1903. 

Neighborhood. "Amixed factory and tenement (juaiter. The people are largely 
of cosmopolilan eKtraction." 

Maintains employmeni bureau for girls and boys; stamp and home savings; 
library; classes in sewing, dressmaking, basket making, cooking, dolls' dressmaking; lec- 
tures; entertainments; charitable work. Summer H'otk. — Picnics and excursions: outings 
for mothers and babies. 

Paid Workers. Two. 

Literature. Authoriied Statements. Catholic Annual — Report of St, 
Elizabeth's Guild. 

South End Settlement (Undenominational) 
338 South Pearl Street (1905-) 
Established March, igo^, as an outgrowth of the work of the South End 
Girls' Club, begun in February, 1904, by Mrs. Elizabeth H. Slocum in connection 
with her work as missionary in the Rensselaer Street Union Bible School. "The 
founders and supporters believe that steady growth in character, permanent ad- 
vance in morality, the betterment of the home, and improvement in ward and 
city, must come through the religion of Jesus Christ. So the work is built on 
religious thought and carried on along religious lines." Aims "to teach and 
encourage the art of sewing; to dignify the duties of housekeeping and give 
practical instruction in its several branches; to provide clean and attractive 
amusements, and a wholesome social atmosphere; to throw around the members 
helpful Christian influences." Maintained by members of the King's Daughters, 
Christian Endeavor societies, and individuals. 





The South End. The people are mostly Russian Jewi; they, 
and Iheir homes and yards, having all ihe characteristics of those found in New York. 
Seventy-fiveperceniof those who come to the settlement are German; others Irish. Italian, 
Syrian, Jewish, Scotch, French, Polish, English, and Swedish. The girls arc employed in 
laundries, knitting mills, tablet, potash, box. tobacco, candy, and shirtwaist manufactories, 
stores, millinery and dressmaking rooms, printingolliccs and in families; while the boys and 
young men are employed in banks, ice houses, cars, paint and carpenter shops, lish markets, 
stores, ash wagons, and potash factories. The fathers run ice carls (hand ones), ash wagons, 
candy booths, junk places, sew on men's goods, manufacture caps, or work in coat yards, 
icE houses, etc.; the mothers scrub, wash, and clean. Saloons flourish on every hand; 
stores and business places are open seven days each week, and many forms of evil are ram- 
pant. Children are sent to work when so young that their labor exhausts body, mind, 
and nerve. Giris in stores or manufactories drift toward Ihe theatre, dance hall, 
saloon parlor, and similar public resorts." 

Maintains study room for school children; classes in sewing, cooking, dressmaking, 
millinery, embroidery, basketry, etc.; clubs with athletic, musical and social aims for 
children and young people; also girls' prayer meetings and King's Daughters' Circles; 
relief and medical social service. Sumnur iVark, — The clubs are maintained during the 
summer months. The sewing classes meet at the homes of teachers, on lawns, and at 
parlts. Picnics, boat and trolley rides, etc. Some of the members have worked in the 
country at farm houses or camps, and gained thereby health and strength. 

Former Locations. 136 Clinton St., Feb., r904: WesterioSt. and Trinity Place, 
Sept., [904-Mar., 190;. 

Women 1. Volunteers. Women jo, men a. Head Resident. 
(Mrs.) Elizabeth H. Slocum. 1904-. 

Annual Reports ot the Charity Organization Society. 


Hale, Edward; The BulTalo Plan and the Social Settlements. Indtpendtnl, 
Note on above in City and SlaU (Philadelphia), Aug. 30, 1896. 
Annual Reports of the Charity Organization Society. J897-1S99, p. 33. 
Bissell, Mrs, L. C.: Co-operatbn in Settlement Work in Buffalo, N, Y. St. Vi 
ctnt dt Paul Quai.. Nov., 1901. 

Holmes, Emily J.; Social Centers of Buffalo. Contmom, June. igo3, pp. 3-6. 

Buffalo Settlement Federation 
"A "Federation of Settlements' was organized December 16, 1899, 'for 
conference and joint action on matters of common Interest.* The venture 
lapsed after a short lime. In IVlay, 1907, the present federation was formed. In 
addition to listening to addresses and discussions, the committee on pijblic 
morality has made a study of the literature on social and moral prophylaxis with 
recommendations for use in settlement groups. An investigation into the 
standard of living in Buffalo was made in the summer of 1907, This was a 
valuable beginning to a more extended study made in the summer of 1908 under 
the direction of Mr, John R. Howard, Jr., for the Ninth New York State Con- 
ference of Charities and Correction. The federation mails letters and other 


literature when support is needed for nalional, state, or local legislation, or ej 

ecutive aclion. This has proven a strong force in assisting certain reforms." 

Officers. President: Emily S, Holmes, Westminster House, Vice-Presiden 
William E. McLennan, Welcome Hall. Secretary: Edna SlainCon, Watson Hous 
Treasurer: Edith W. Fouliek, Neighborhood House. 

The Colored Social Center 
76 Pine Street 

Established November, 1910, "for the purpose of providing a comfortably 
appointed place, centrally located and easy of access, where colored men, women 
and young children might congregate for social and industrial improvement." 
Governed by a Board of Control consisting of eleven members, seven white and 
four colored. Maintained by subscription, dues, and entertainments. 

Neighborhood. The center Is accessible to, though not directly in, the most 
thickly settled colored district. It occupies a comfortable, twcf«tory fnime building. 

Maintains classes in cooking, sewing, embroidery, raffia, chair caning, crocheting; 
clubs for women, boys and girls^ Boy Scouts; penny provident bank; e 
and socials. 

Volunteers. Colored 6, white 3. 

For informalion address Miss Mabel Wilcox, 338 Elmwood Ave. 

Neighborhood House 
79 Goodell Street {190a-) 
Established April, 1903. as the outgrowth of a social center started in 

November, 1894, by members of the Church of Our Father (Unitarian) "to im- 
prove the social conditions of the neighborhood." Incorporated Oct. 18, 1903. 
Maintained by the Neighborhood House Association of the Unitarian Church. 

Neighborhood. "The neighborhood lo which Ihe settlement ministers lies easi 
of Oak Street and is composed almost entirety of Germans, who represent nearly every type 
of industry and range from the very poor to those in moderate circumstances. Friendly 
relations have been established with the churches of the various denominations in the 
neighborhood and the settlement aims lo co-operale wi th every other movement to improve 
local conditions." (1905,) 

Maintmns Creche (co-operation College Creche) ; medical inspection and a 
children; resident nurse; gymnasium; boys' and men's dub; reading and game r 
women's and girls' clubs; sewing school; cooking; kitchen gardening; manual training; 
library; bank; entertainments, Summrt H'ork. — Playground with director in the settle- 
ment yard (1906-), excursions and picnics. 

Former Locations. Hickory Si.. 1S94-1895-6; 93 Locust St., 1895-6-190^. 

Residents. Women 5. Voiunteers. Women a3, men 8. Head Resid) 
Mrs. Melvin P, Porier, Apr,, igoj-Sept , 1908: Melvin P. Porter, Sept,, 1908-SepI., 1909; 
Sarah L Tiuscott, Fall. 1909-1910; Edith W. Fosdick. Apr,, 1910-. 

Literature. 1, Authohiied Statements. Annual Report 1905-1907-1908- 


1909. II. Social Studies by Residents. Porier, M. P.: The Playground Movement. 

Reporl of New York Siale Conference of Charities, 1903, pp. 245-161 — Reports on 
Playerounds in Buffalo. Buffalo Chariry Organization Report. 1901-1904. 

Remington Gospel Settlement (Undenominational) ■ 

150 Erie Street. Summer House, Remington Lodge, Fort Erie, Canadi V 

Established October 1, 1898, by Mary E. Remington. "The aim was to 
clean up this old tenement house and give the people better accommodations. 
Then we formed classes for their education. When we took this building there 
were over one thousand people living here. The tenements rent tor enough to 
carry on the house, so that we have plenty ofroom for the work, free of rent, and 
then a great deal of our help is volunteer, so that our expense is small, and is met 
by a few interested ones. At the present time 1 have paid S9.000 on the building 
and still owe $t, 000 on that and $19,000 on the land. When this debt is paid the 
work will be self-supporting." 

Neighborhood. The downtown market, waterfront, railroad and factory district, 
in ihe center of ihe city's most corrupt section. The neighbors are Italians, Poles, etc. 
Much bad housing, and moral corruption. 

Maintains kindergarten: day nurseiy: penny savings; library; classes in dress- 
making, knitting, plain sewing, cooking, basket making, manual training, cobbling, gym- 
nastics; clubsforadultsandchildren; Sunday Gospel service; Sabbath school; children's 
meetings; frequent mid-week religious work. Summrr Work. — "Last year we had 3400 
people at the Lodge and 600 stayed for two weeks or longer. We take the father, mother, 
and children for two weeks. Where they are sickly or specially need it we keep Ihem 

Residents. Women 7, men j. Volunteers. Women 31. men 6. Head 
Resident. Mary E. Remington, 1898-. 

Literature. Authoriied Statements. Circulars and annual reports, dated 
Sept. I, i899-May, 1901, and May, 1904. (Contains a history of the work.) See also: 
Rogers, Emma W.: The Remington Settlement, Buffalo; a Tenement Settlement. III. 
Rev. 0} Rev., Jtxv : 53-58. (Jan., 1901.) 

Watson House (Episcopal) 

(Formerly Trinity House) 
280-281 Babcock Street 
Established January, 1902, as the outgrowth of the work of the Trinil 
Co-operative Relief Society. The society, organized in 1878 for the purpose 
"of lending a helping hand to all worthy people of whatever creed, not giving 
alms but rendering such assistance as might enable those families committed to 
its care by Ihe Charity Organization Society to become self-supporting," in 
1896 added to its relief work a free kindergarten and other branches of social 
work. In January, 1902, two resident workers were engaged, and the educa- 
tional and social work was much enlarged. In the fall of 1902 the work in the 
old location was abandoned "because we felt that a church should be at liberty 
to combine the teaching of religion with the practice of it . . . a privilege 


which did not possess an actuality in our old district because of neighborhood 
prejudice," and a new start made in the present neighborhood "which offers 
greater opportunities for educational work, a greater responsiveness to efforts 
along this line, no professional pauperism, the possibility of closer and more 
effective cooperation with our own church, and a fair chance of having some day 
a chapel-settlement, which seems to realize most exactly the modern ideal for 
such work when it is carried on by a church." Report, 1903. 

Name changed in 190J from Trinity Church Co-operative Relief Society 
to Trinity Church Settlement Society. Work supported by subscriptions and 
appropriations from the vestry of the church. 

NEicHSORHOon. The neighborhood is markedly Induslrial, and the housing is 
largely o( the collage siyle. The neighbors are American, Irish, German, and English, 
and are about equally divided between the Roman Catholic and Proleslan I denominations. 
The particular problem of the locality is very largely a social one. 

Maintains. The civic interest is stimulated In social clubs for men. The head 
workers have given much time to effeciing an increase in the number of public play- 
grounds in the city. Kindergarten; savings bank; employment bureau; public baihs; 
public laundry; library; classes in basketry, embroidery, raflia. brass, sewing, cooking, 
rug weaving, manual (raining; clubs for women and children, young men and boys; 
gymnasium with meets and dancing for boys and girls; evening mixed dancing clubs. 
Four societies connected with Si. Matthew's Church meet in the house. 

Former Locations. Initial, ajS Elk St.. 1S96. Flats at 140 Orlando St., July, 
1901; 1167 Seneca St., Sept., [903. 

Residents. Women 6. Volunteers. Women 15, men ar. Head Residents. 
Alice Olivia Moore, Jan., 1903-Wintcr, 1906; Rev. Joseph A. Maughan, Feb., 1907- 
May, 1907; i^y Smith Wallace, Aug., 1908-May. 1909; Charles A. Roly, Sept., 1909 
-July, 1910; Edna Stainton, Sept., 1910-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Trinity Church Year Books, 1901, 1903, 
1904, 1907. Stealio: Trinity House, Buffalo. Cbetitits, ix : 411 (Nov. i, 1901) — Trin- 
ity House, Buffalo's New Settlement. Comtttons, Mar., 190a. 


Welcome Hall (Presbyteiian) 
404 Seneca Street (1898-) 
Established November, 1894. by the First Presbyterian Church as a result 
of some relief work carried on by the church in the winter of 1893-4. The com- 
mittee felt "that though money and effort had been expended freely, there was 
no spot in the city better for the outlay." In May, 1894, it was decided to con- 
centrate effort on a humble section of the city. A number of the Allruiti'ic 
Rmew, which contained an account of Welcome Hall in New Haven, brought 
about an invitation to Miss Remington to organize and superintend such a work 
in Buffalo. After consultation with the Charily Organization Society, a district 
immediately west of the present was chosen. Work begun in the present 
neighborhood in 1897. Aims "to do religious, charitable, social and educational 
work in a neglected neighborhood," Maintained by private subscription from 
the members of the First Presbyterian Church. 


Neighborhood, A downtown indusirial district. The people 
Irish, Italian, German, Syrian, and Jewish. 

Activities. Work for better housing and sanitary conditions. Residents 
were among the first volunteer juvenile court officers, and the house stood with 
the dock laborers in their strike in 1899, 

Maintains kinJergarten; resident nursing service; modified milk station with 
instruction in cooking for invalids; diet kitchen; public baths; reading room. The work 
for adults includes gymnaxlics, dramatics, dancing, classes in English, cooking, sewing, 
millinery, and sociables. Boys' work in manual training, shoemaking, drawing, clay 
modeling, gymnastics, reading and game rooms, social, civic, and dramatic clubs, and spe- 
cial entertainments. Girls' work in sewing, cooking, housekeeping, drawing, gymnastic 
work, clubs for literary, dramatic and social purposes, lectures and entertainments. Club 
Council made up of representatives from the adults' club, Suniw^i- IVork. — Vacations in 
the summer cottage at Angola, New York; playground with supervised play (directed by 
the city); excursions. ^ 

Former Location, joy Seneca St., Nov., 1894-Spring, 1897. J 

Head Residents. Mary E. Remington, 1894-1S97; Mary F. Campbell, 1897^ 
1900; Louise Montgomery. 1900-1905; Roy Smith Wallace, Sept., igoj-Nov., 1905; John 
R. Howard, Jr., Jan., 1906-Ocl., 1909; William E. McLennan, Oct., 1909-. 

Literature. 1. Authorixed Statements. Annual Reports. Seealio: Social Set- 
tlements. Bureau of Labor Statistics State of New York. Eighteenth Annual Report. 
1900. Part ii, pp. 41S-414 — Tbt Camnconi, Aug.. (899. II. Social Studies by Resi- 
bests. The Buffalo Newsboy and the Street Trades Bill (Pamphlet). Prepared for the 
Charity Organization Society of Buffalo in March, 1903. By Myron E. Adams of Wel- 
come Hall, Buffalo, and H. Brewster Adams, of the University Settlement, N. Y. City — 
Howard, John R.: Standards of Living in Buffalo, Paper presented to Ninth New York 
Slate Conference of Charities, 1908 — Hoag, Lillian M.: The Greeks and Syrians of 
Buffalo, Paper prepared tor Social Workers' Club of Buffalo, 1910. 

Westminster House I 

4a4AdamsStreet (1895-) and 421 Monroe Street (1894-). Westminster Camp, ' 
Fort Eric, Ontario, Canada 

Established October, 1895, as the outgrowth of a neighborhood center 
founded September 17, 1894. by Rev. Samuel Van Vranken Holmes, pastor of 
Westminster Church (Presbyterian) "for neighborhood improvement, using 
settlement methods." "The purpose of Westminster House is to improve the 
moral, social, and economic conditions in that section of the city in which it is 
located. It aims to provide the means of social intercourse, muttial helpfulness, 
mental and moral improvement, and rational and helpful recreation for all the 
people whose lives it touches." (1909.) Sustained by the Men's Club of the 
church, assisted by the Women's Parish Society and the Junior Parish Society- 

Neighbokkood. a stable, tenement neighborhood of cottage homes. The people 
are German. 

Activities. Secured (in 1900) the use of a public school yard which ii 
fitted up as the first public playground in the city. 


s kindergarten ; relief deparimeni; employment bureau; bank; branch 
of the public library; diet kitchen; kindergarten and club; kitchen garden; classes in 
housekeeping, cooking, dressmaking. English, literature, dancing, millinery; athletic 
events and contests; manual training; chair caning; freehand drawing; clubs for all 
ages and sexes; choral society, lectures, and entertainments; pool room and bowling 
alleys. Summer tt'in)!. — Summer camp, playground, excursions, roof garden, etc. 

FoKMeii LocATioMS. Two cottages in the rear of 431 Monroe St., Spring, 1895-; 
418 Adams St., Sept., 1898-, Men's Club House, 413 Monroe St., Sept., 1900-. Cottages 
removed on Monroe St. and new building erected. 1909- [g 10. 

Resldents. Women 8, men 1. Volunteers. Women 88, men la. Head 
Resident, Emily S, Holmes, Sept., 1894-. 

Literature. I. Authosized Statements. Annual reports (895--1910, Scealso: 
Westminster House. Oullook. Ivi ; 410 (Nov. iG, 1895) — Westminster House, Commoni, 
June, J896 — Brush, Ed. Hale: BufTalo Plan and Social Settlements. InJtpindenl. 
xlviii : 1001 Ouly 33. 1896) — Westminster House. Ram's Horn, Aug. 8, [896 — West- 
minster House. CotUit StltUmcnl News, Dec., 1S96 — Westminster House, Outlook, 
Ivi : 430 (June la, 1897), II. Studies by Residents. Tchorigian, Mr.; Study of Saloons 
and Social Clubs for the Committee of Fifty, (r 899-1900) — Westminster House. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics Stale of New York, Eighteenth Annual Report, 1900. Part ii, p. 411- 
418 — Holmes, Emily S,: The Social Centers of Buffalo. Commons, vii. No. 71 (June, 
igoj) — Westminster House, Buffalo, Commons, ix ; 378 (Aug., 1904). 

ZiON House (Jewish Center) 
456 Jefferson Street (1896-) 

FouNDSD 1893, by the Sisterhood of Zion for " social and religious work." 
Aims "to furnish a place where the young can meet in proper surroundings for 
physical and social development, and where the elements of good citizenship can 
be inculcated and fostered." Maintained by the Federated Jewish Charities 
since 1903. 

Neighborhood. The people are Russian Jews and Germans. 

Activities, Maintained a kindergarten at its own expense until it was 
taken over by the school department. 

Maintains kindergarten; library (co-operation Pubhc Library); baths; penny 
savings fund; classes in sewing; English for foreigners; slory hour for children; dancing; 
gymnastics; kitchen garden; Sunday school; social clubs and classes; entertainments. 
SHnmer IVork. — Summer outings of two weeks' duration tor boys and girls at the Jewish 
Fresh Air camp. 

Former Location. 436 Jefferson St. (old building used, 1893-1896; present 
building erected, 1896). 

Paid Workers, 8. Volunteers, 40. Head Worker. Cecile B, Weiner, 1908-. 

Literature. Authorieed Statements. Handbooks of the Jewish Federated 
Charities, J904-. 




The Lackawanna Settlement 

412 Holland Avenue 

Established October, 1910, by Emma Kaan, who gave her services in 
order lo make a beginning in bettering conditions. Miss Kaan aims lo live 
among the people, to learn to know them, their needs and the needs of the 
community. It is not planned to found an institutional center, but to provide 
a headquarters which shall promote the establishment of needed institutions by 
interesting the authorities and educating the people to themselves take measures 
to better physical and moral conditions. Maintained by Miss Kaan and 
interested individuals, among whom are officers of the Steel Company. 

Nr.rcMBoitHOou, An industrial town sprung up around the Lackawanna Steel 
Works, where at times as many as 6000 men are employed. The physical and social condi- 
tions of Ihe town arc almost intolerable; contemplated improvements not being carried 
out because of industrial depression. The Buffalo Charity Organiiation Society has been 
forced to send experts to relieve acute distress. The Steel Company had an expert 
survey made, but the expense proposed in the report was so great that the necessary 
money was not appropriated. 

Activities. Besides Miss Kaan ihcrc are two assistants in residence. 
The effort has resulted in securing a trained visitor from Ihe Buffalo Charity 
Organization Society; a study of the situation by the Young Men's Christian 
Association with the prospect of an adequate branch; a visiting nurse from the 
Buffalo District Nursing Association ; and the beginnings of a public playground. 
1 1 is hoped to promote the establishment of public baths; suitable lodging houses; 
a second hand store; a decent halt for parties, dancing, lectures, etc.; kinder- , 
gartens; vocation bureau; adequate care of the poor and sick. 

Head Resident, Emma Kaan. Oct., 1910-. 

^ K^^^^^ 

The Woman's Federation 
Comer State and East Church Streets. Neighborhood House, 666 Dickinson 
Street. Italian Kindergarten, 720 Hatch Street 
Established October, 1908, in continuation of the work done by the In- 
dustrial School since it was opened tbiny-two years ago. The Woman's Federa- 
tion was organized in 190;. 

Neighborhood. Elmira is a city of 17.197 inhabitants, lb population is made 
op of .Americans, Germans. Hebrews. Italians, Irish, Negroes, Poles, etc. 

Maintains. The Federation Building, located in the center of tbc town, coauins 
the tewing and cooking diss rooms of the Industrial School together vilh 1 fre« kmder- 
garten. d«y nursery, and dub rooms for giris, — all under ihe direct managemenl of tlie 
Industrial School, lo addition it has charge of a free kindergarten in the Italian district 
and wdfire work in one of the factories. There ire also in the Federation Building wotk 



fclub rooms for the Omega Club, composed of young boys; the gymnasium ind rooms 

of Ihe Alpha Club for business and working women; ihe roomsoflbe Visiting Nurses Asso- 
ciation; bedrooms for the workers and for any woman who needs lemporary shelter; the 
offices of the Social Service League which does the charitable work of the city and also con- 
ducts a small settlement in the Negro quarter of Elmira. A visiting housekeeper or neigh- 
borhood teacher, as she is called by Ihe children, is employed by Ihe league to help the 
women in their homes in any part of the city, and to manage the work at Ihe neighborhood 
house. She lives in Ihe Federalion Building. 

Residents. Women 4. Volunteers. Men, about 60, women, about 150. 
Hkau Worker. (Mrs.) Gertrude Decker. 

Literature. Reports of Social Service League, 1909-10. 

Neighborhood House 

Established April, 1908, by the Hoosick Falls Association for Social Work. 
Aims "to bring about the social and moral betterment of the neighborhood." 
"We hope to make the house a center where all the people of the town will find a 
meeting place and become neighbors." 

Neichborhood. Hoosick Palls is a manufacturing town, Ihe machine shops and 
knitting mills giving the predominant industrial tone. Though the town is small it has to 
meet many of Ihe problems of a large city. Limitations of population and area complicate 
some parts of the work quite as much as they simplify others. The people are mostly 
Irish-American, although there are many Poles and Italians. 

Activities. Some improvement in sanitary conditions of tenements, 
drainage, etc. A village improvement society has been formed and we hope to 
accomplish much through that organization. 

Maintains day nursery; kindergarten; classes in sewing, shirtwaist making, 
cooking; clubs for women, young people and children. 

Residents. Women 1. Volunteers. Women 10. Head Residents. Mary 
Hulbert, 1908-1909; (Mrs.) Clara E. Hill, Nov. ao, 1909-. 

The Brooklyn Neighborhoods Association 
Organized November 7, 1907, at Maxwell House "to gain co-operation; 
and to stimulate the interest of Brooklyn people in social work." 

Activities. The association has listened to addresses on various phases of 
social work, conferred with the heads of city departments, organized conferences, 
secured lecture courses on economic and social work and organized several public 
exhibits; carried on investigations (in co-operation with the various neighbor- 
hood houses) into truancy, child labor, etc.; and through its committees on 
parks and playgrounds, housing, health, education and civics secured additional 
play spaces, baths, educational and cultural opportunities. The association has 
also arranged annual spring festivals in the public parks. Has made a beginning 


of extending social facilities inio neglected neighborhoods and in enlarging an^T 
extending social activities in the public schools. 

Officers. President: Louis H. Pink, 176 Nassau Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. Secre- 
tary: Maud Dobie, 148 Jackson Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. ^_ 

Friendly House Association 

47 ('907) and 49 (1904) Warren Street; 73-77 Columbia Street (1909). Camp, 

Altamont, New York 

Established in the fall of 1903, as an outgrowth of summer playground 
work of the Brooklyn Playground Association. Aims "to supplement in (he 
broadest possible way defective home conditions in the neighborhood by provid- 
ing a sort of secondary home where the members may find healthful social recrea- 
tion combined with a certain amount of educational facilities. In short, we aim 
towards the upbuilding of character and the improvement of home life." 
The papulation is Irish and Italian. 
: resident district nurse; milk depot; dental dinic; night school; 
classes in civics for boys and girls, cooking, sewing machine work, embroidciy, an work, 
gymnastic work, mililary drill, basket ball, manual training: an adults' and children's 
chorus; mandolin club; band; mothers' club; general social meetings and enlertainmenls. 
SamtniT Work. — The largest playground In the city, and a summer camp near Albany. 

Former Location. 326 De Graw St., [^1-1904. 

Resident. Women 1. Head Resident. Emma L. Deeson, 1903-. 

Literature. Authorized Statement, Reports and Pamphlets (to be obtaiirfH 
at the house). ^| 

Lincoln Settlement 
105 Fleet Place 

EsTABLtSHED May, 1908, as the result of a suggestion of Dr.Vernia Morton 
Jones to consolidate into one organization the Lincoln Kindergarten (Brooklyn 
Free Kindergarten Association, 1896), the Colored Day Nursery (Mothers' Day 
Nursery Association) and the Visiting Nurses Service (Brooklyn Bureau of 
Charities). Aims "to aid its neighbors physically, morally, and intellectually. 
It docs not hope to solve the race problem, but it trusts that the united efl'orts of 
white and colored to alleviate conditions in the eleventh ward may make that 
spot a better place in which to live, and that this effort shall bring such a deepen- 
ing respect between the races as comes to those who work together for the com- 
mon good." 

Neighborhood. "The eleventh ward of Brooklyn for nearly a century has been 
the home of colored people. . . . Poverty dwarfs its life, and vice and crime thrive on 
some of its streets. Disease breeds in the rear tenements and in the frame houses too 
dilapidated to be worth repairing. Sometimes the nights are noisy with carousing, and 
the worthy families, whom necessity forces to live with the bad, see their children in con- 
tact with much thai they cannot remedy." 

Maintains kindergarten; day nursery; resident visiting nurse; classes in sewing. 


dressmaking, housework, carpentry, gymnastics, singing: clubs for boys and girls; 
woman's ncighborliood dub; entertainments of vatious kinds. SumnKr Work. — The house 
maintains a modified mill< station and clinic: excursions and country weelt, in co-operation 
with Fresh Air agencies. 

Residents. Women j. Head Residbnts. (Mrs.) Georgia De Baptiste Faulkner, 
1908-igio: Elizabeth Jones Petiy, Jan., 1910-May 1, 1910; Grace M. Haley, igio-. 

Little Italy Neighborhood House 
146 Union Street (1906-} 

Established October, 1904, by the Little Italy Neighborhood Association. 
"Our central idea has been ... an American hortie, simple, practical and 
inviting, where friendly and educated people who like Italians and speak their 
language, may live and work. Incorporated November, 1906. 

Neighborhood. South Brooklyn, in Ihe midsl of a colony of some 6o,ooo Italians. 

Activities. Secured free lectures in Italian in the nearby public library; 
and is interested in securing a much needed playground. Keeps in touch wiih 
the public schools and started a penny savitig service in one of Ihcm. Began, 
in co-operation with the Long Island College Hospital, a department of medical 
social service; and has endeavored to secure a more considerate treatment of 
patients at public dispensaries. The kindergarten maintained by the house has 
been transferred to the public school. 

Maintains district nurse; an embroidery industry employing 18 persons; civic 
work among men; classes in English, basketry, metal work, carpentry, athletics, em- 
broidery and sewing, millinery; social clubs for all ages. Summer Work. — Backyard 
playground; excursions and vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies; milk 
station and baby clinic. 

Former Location. 98 Sackelt St.. Oct., 1904-Sept,, 1906. 

Residents. Women 3. Volunteers. Women 36. men 4. Head Residents. 
Louise C. Bartholow, Oct., 1904-Ocl., 1905: Florence L. Cross, Apr., igoj-Apr., 1906; 
Henrietta L, Metcalf. Summer, 1906: Frances P. Booth, Sept., 1906-Sept., 1907: Cath- 
erine MacKeniie, Sept., 1907-Spting. 1910: Pe;irl Goodman, Fall, J910-. 

Literature. Little Italy Neighborhood House. Commons, Jan., 1905, pp. 56-57 
— Little Italy Neighborhood House. Chatitin, xiii : 183-384 (Dec. 17, 1904) — The 
"Little Italy Neighborhood House." CharitUs, xii : 739 Qu'y '6, 1904). 

Music School Settlement 

176 Nassau Street; 175 High Street 

Established October, 1910, by a group of people interested in musical 
instruction. Affiliated with the Mtisic School Settlement of New York. The 
United Neighborhoods Guild furnishes some rooms. Supported by fees ahd 

Neighborhood. Quarter about the United Neighborhoods Guild (see p. iSi), 
but lakes pupils from all parts of Brooklyn. 

Maintains instruction in piano, violin, vocal lessons, and ear training 

Directress; Helen Van Ingen, 


litemture. Brooklyn Children Becoming Musicians. Daily Eagli, Dec. 
igiD — Music School Seltlement. Life. Jan. 14. 1911. 

Creenpoint Settlement 

"The Astral," 85 Java Street. Summer House, Chappaqua, N. Y. 

Established October, 189;, as an outgrowth of the extension work of the 
Pratt Institute Neighborhood Associalion. founded in 1894, "lo make this 
northern ward of Brooklyn a better place." Aims "to promote friendly rela- 
tions among the students of the institution and to unite them in some kind of 
altruistic work that shall give each one the opportunity of making real the 
founder's motto, — 'Help the other fellow.'" A chapter of the association is 
organized in the several departments of the institute to carry on a corresponding 
kind of work in the settlement. The rent, heat, light and the salary of workers is 
contributed by the Pratt Estate. The association raises the further funds needed. 

Neigh BORHooD. Located in a large block of tenements. The people are largely 
of .American, German, and Irish descent. 

Maintains kindergarten; resident nursing service; penny providcni; gymnasium; 
thirty-three classes conducted by normal students in dressmaking, millinery, embroideiyu 
sewing, cooking, and music school. J 

Residents. Women 7. Volunteers. Women 34, men ). Head Resjoent*? 
Mary White Ovinglon, Oct., 1895-1904: Laura A. Steel, Sept., 1904- 

Literature. I. AuTHORi7En Statements. The Pralt Institute Monthly, 
Brooklyn, N. Y., formerly reported the work from month to month with an annual report 
in November issue. Present reports are made only to the Board. First and second reports 
of Pratt Institute Neighborhood Assoc., pamphlets, obtainable through the settlement. 
Seialio: Kingsbury, Mary A.: Women in New York Seltlemenls. W«tiic. W/oi>j. ii : 458- 
46a (Sept., 1S98) — Improving Conditions in Old Grcenpoint, Brooklyn. Condensed tor 
/"lit. Opin., xxvi : 142 (Feb. a, 1899), from New York Euning Poit — Bureau of Labor 
Statistics State of New York. Eighteenth Annual Report, 1900. Part II. pp. }59-)64 
Weeks, Caroline B,: The Social Aspects of Pratt Institute. Commom, Aug., [903, p. 
II. SoaAL SrutJies by Residents. Ovinglon. Mary White: Penny Paper. Oni 
Jan. 30, 1904 — Steel, Laura A.: Brooklyn Playgrounds. Woman's Municipal Ltn 
BmU., iii :a (Sept., 1904). 

The School Settlement 

(Formerly Tbe Ridgewood Household Club, 1901-1906) 
148 Jackson Street (1906-} 

Established Fall of 1906 by the Ridgewood Household Club (see p. 181). 

Nek^khdrkood. The Italian quarter of the Williamsburg district. The neighbors 
are "sixty per cent Italians and forty per cent Irish, Jews, and Germans." (Report, >907.) 

Activities. A sociological study of the district and various endeavors 
to remedy the physical defects of the quarter. 

MAtNTAiNS a nursing service; penDy provident bank in two schools; game room 
for boys and girls; classes in sewing, dressmaking, cooking, xstheiic dancing, jig-saw 
work, brass work, dancing, story telling. StUHmtt lfari.-~fl, backyard playground; a 
milk station; vacations in co-operation with various Fresh Air agencies and baseball 

64 -.^J 

The Ridgewood HauseboJd Chtb 

Established in the Spring of 1901 , as the outgrowth of a neighborhood 
work initiated in the Ridgewood district by Miss A. E. De Monde in February, 
1900, and carried on by the Alumna of the Packer Institute, The Household 
Club, organized April 17, igoi. was made up of chapters from various Brooklyn 
educational institutions. (Adelphi Institute, Berkeley Institute, Girls' High 
School, Packer Institute, Public School No, 1 16 Training School for Teachers.) 

Ne[ghhohkood. a new but growing neighborhood. "There is a small colony of 
Italians a few blocks away, but aside from a sprinkling of Irish, Jews, and Ilalians. the 
population Immediately about the house Is German, It is thrifty. Industrious, practical, 
musical, and sociable. It is perhaps not richcT than other settlement neighborhoods, but 
rents are low. the standard of comfort Is high, and the habit of saving almost universal." 
(Report, 1 90 1 -a.) 

Maintained kindergarten, library, and penny provident bank. For the first 
two years the work was mainly industrial. Including classes in sewing, mending, cooking. 
Venetian lace work, basketry, chair caning, drawing, piano; girls' and mothers' kinder- 
garten club; play hour. In April. 1904. the work was made more broadly social. Gym- 
nastic work was organized; choral work, dancing classes, clubs, and social even is increased. 
Discontinued in the summer of 1906 in order to take up work in a more needy neighborhood. 
The house had secured for its district a branch of the public library, and several of its clubs 
continued an independent eidslence. 

Location, m Bleecker Street, April, igor-April, 1906. 

Residents. Women 4. Volunteers. Women 30, men 1. Head RESinENTS. 
Ethel R. Evans, \goi-y. S. Elvira Hodges. Fall 1903-1907; Sarah F. Stebbins, 1907- 
1909; Maud Taylor Dobie, 1909-. 

Literature. Annual Reports, 1901-3 to i9o;-6. 1907, 1908. 

United Neighborhoods Guild 

176 Nassau Street (igio). Centers of Italian Work. 245 Concord Street, 19 

Front Street. Suinmcr Camps, West Hills, Long Island; 

Fort Montgomery, New York. 

Organized February, 1909, by the board of directors of the Asacog 
Neighborhood Association, the Maxwell House Association, and the Italian 
Settlement Association, to secure: " 1. Better service to the community through 
the consolidation of separate interests, a. The avoidance of duplication of work. 
3. The proportional financial saving in relation to the work done. 4. The 
greater -response which we believe would come from the people themselves if a 
building and work designed to meet their needs were maintained." 

Neiohbobhooo, " Within late years ihe factories lining the river front have pushed 
back, crowding Ihe residential seclbn: the cutting through of the Flatbush Avenue Ex- 
tension has forced many families out of their homes and into the surrounding tenements. 
already too full; both changes tending to increase the problem of congestion with all its 
attending evils. The old residences of this section have either been made over into fur- 
nished room houses or into tenements, where the sanitary arrangements just meet the re- 
quirements of Ihe law or openly violate It. The Irish and German families, which con- 

1 82 


i OF 

itilute the substanljal population, are moving away lo find better conditions of living, *nd 
their place is bdns taken by Italians, Lithuanians, Poles, a scattering of Negroes, JapancK, 
and other nalionslilies." 

Activities. The guild is carrying on an aggressive campaign for better 
housing and more effective municipal service. The internal affairs of the 
guild building are controlled by a guild council which fixes and collects dues, 
assigns rooms, controls guild activities, and maintains order. It is the purpose 
of the guild to make the main building a "neighborhood town hall" which shall 
be a home for the civic organizations of the neighborhood. 

Maintains a neighborhood playground, a visitor for Poles and Lithuanians, dis- 
trict nursing service, an extended infant hygiene work, a monthly publication (Neighbor- 
hood hlrwi. Vol. 1, No. I, December, 1909); home savings service and a dancing acad- 
emy. The work at the Italian Centers is largely personal and educational. 

Residents. Women 4, men 4. Volunteehs. Women 60, men 18. Head 
Resident. Louis H. Pink, Summer, 1909-. 

Literature. I, Authorized Statements. Year Book 1909-10 (Contains history 
of guild, branches, and a study of the neigliborhood). Sre aha: Three Settlements Unite 
in Brooklyn. Surwy, nxii : 366-367 (May is, 1909). II. Articles or Studies by Resi- 
dents. Davenport, W, E.: Religious Essentials of Social Work. Pamphlet. 1911- 
Pink, Louis H.: The Magyar in New Yoik. Char, aitd Common!, niii ; 261-363 (Dec. 3, 
1904) — Old Tenements and the New Law. Pamphlet. ''.J 

Asacog House ^1 

FouNDEQ June, 1896, as the outgrowth of an educational and social work 
started by a group of young women to "help all sorts and conditions of girls" 
and 1897 "to improve social conditions." The work broadened from a lunch 
club and kindergarten classes for neighborhood children to social work for factory 
girls and a full fledged neighborhood program. Formally reorganized (1905) as 
"a neighixirhood center for social and civic work," Name changed (1906) from 
Asacog Club to the Asacog Neighborhood Association, and incorporated in 1908 
" to provide a center for social, educational and civic improvement, laying special 
stress on the development of neighborhood activities by the people themselves, 
and the promotion of interest and information for the solution of social and in- 
dustrial problems in Brooklyn." 

Neigh aoKKOOD. "The neighborhood, originally made up of Irish and Germans, is 
in a slate of transition. Itaiians and Jews are rapidly moving in, and there is a scattering 
of Negroes, Japanese, and many other peoples. The old one-family wooden houses are 
changing into lodging bouses, where whole families live in a room or single people dwell, 
often all too near those of questionable character: or are being changed Into tenements 
that just meet Ibe law. There are many large brick tenements in process of erection. Near 
at hand rise great factories." ._ 

MAiNTAiNEokindergarten (in co-operation with the public school); a resident nuncfl 
(in co-operation with the Red Cross District Nursing Committee); milk station; penny 
provident bank; classes for girls in cooking, machine sewing, embroidery, dressmaking, 
millinery, music, chair caning and gymnastics; civic club for women; a social club for 
young girls. Separate boys' club house with gymnastics and social work. StrnimtT 


fKor*.— Backyard playgraumi; flower distribution; picnics and vacation work in «>- 

operation with the Fresh Air societies. 

Locations. S Willow St., 1896-May, 1898; 55 Hicks St., May iBgS-May, 1901. 
Asacog House, 5a Sands Street, May, i^oi-igco, Asacog Boys' Club, loa Pineapple 
Street, igoT-igro. Residents' Apartment, 171 Pearl Street, 1907-1910. 

Residents. Women 9. Volunteers. Women 60, men a or 3. Head Resi- 
dents. Sara Marsh (Mrs. John Mustard). Summer. 1898; E. R. Van Buskirk, Fall, 1898 
-Apr., 1899; Lcanora O'Reilly, Apr., 1899-July, 190a; Carol S. Nye, 1901-June, 190J; 
Mrs. Fitihugh Edwards (Mrs, Louis Oisier), 190^-1905; Helen MacHeniy (Mrs. Albert 
dc Roode), 1905-1906; Mabel F. Doyen (Mrs. Robert Stevenson), 1906-1909. 

Literature. Year Books of Asacog Club, 1896-97; 1903; 1906 ff. — Betts, 
Lillian W.; All Sorts and Conditions o( Girls. Ouilook. Mar. 31, 1900 ~~ Asacog House. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics Stale of New Vork. Eighteenth Annual Report, 1900 — 
Asacog House Meeting. Char, and Commons. »v : 351 (Dec. 9, 1905) — The Boy Himself 
on the Boys' Club, Char, and Commons, xix : 1076 {Nov. 16, 1907). 

Brooklyn Italian Settlement 

Established April, 1901, by W. E. Davenport and the Italian Settlement 
Society, as an outgrowth of Sunday school and mission work. Religious 
instruction was discontinued and the work maintained as an unsectarian social 
center. Residence taken up in May, 1903. Aims to work "for the tnoral and 
social advancement of the Italian residents." Incorporated 1901. 

Nejchborhood. The neighborhood has a large and increasing percentage of stable 
popul.ition with an ever increasing proportion of house owners. Their home lands are, in 
about equal proportions, the Neapolitan "Campagna," Calabria, and Sicily. "One has 
but to live in our 'colony' to recognize the singular and profound isolation of thousands of 
Italian families. We face and feel thedominance of distinctly foreign modes and manners 
and of undemocratic social and personal ideals. Indeed, the social lack of our Italians is 
pathetic, for while family affection is strong and true, the home life is often meagre and 
uninviting. The children as well as the older boys live largely in the streets. The mothers 
ate commonly illiterate and early lose the power of influencing their growing sons. The 
girls according to hereditary custom must remain indoors after nightfall, and the young 
men in their clubs can have social intercourse only with women of other nationalities. The 
proportion of males to females in the second and fifth wards is three to two. Boys and 
girls almost uniformly become factory employes when fourteen years old and without more 
education than enables them to read (aitly in the Third Reader. Many arriving here at 
this age quickly obtain employment and thereafter find no door of educational opportunity 
open to them. As their work is often in shops where only Italian Is spoken, many go for 
years with little or no knowledge of our tongue. Illiteracy in all this section Is common 
and increasing." 

AcTiviTiBs. Special efforts for Italians, including co-operation with the 
Italian Consulate, theSociety for the Protection of Italian Immigrants, the Child 
Labor Committee, city departments, courts, asylums, etc. Helped in securing 
the neighboring public bath. A resident crossed from New York to Naples to 
study steerage conditions for the Imtnigrant Commission {1909). The head 
resident spent some lime in Messina after the earthquake that wrecked Reggio, 
and acted as a link between the families in this country and the sufferers. 



MAINTAiKEobalhs; library; penny provident bank; evening school for Uie itiMljr 

of English and citizenship: preparation for naturalization; lessons in gymnastics, bas- 
ketry, lace making, Hower study, art classes; piano lessons; drum and fife corps. The 
bouse was also used as a place Tor inarriages. social functions, elc, for which the tent 
ment has no provision. Sumner Iforlt. — Camp at New Canaan, Conn., in 1908 aoj 
1909, Picnici and excursion). Camp at Roosevelt, L. I., 1909-. 

Location. 39 Front Street, igoi-igro. 

Residents. Men ;. Volunteers. Women 8, men to. Head Residi 
William E. Davenport, 1901-. 

Literature, Authorised Reports, Second Annual Report 1905 and yeatlj 
through eighth in 1908. Conclusions on the Settlement Camp, 1908. Davenport, W. E.: . 
The Italian Immigrant In the United Stales. Outlook, Jan., 190}. The Exodus of a Latin 
People. Cbaritici, x\\ : Afii-A^ (May 7, 1904). As special correspondent for New York 
EveniHf Post and Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 1904, Letters in latter paper in March and April, 
1904; Feb. and March, 1909, Pamphlets (to be obtained from Mr. Davenport). The 
Beggar Man of Brooklyn Heights. More Outcries from Brooklyn Hollow. Christ the 
Social Worker, The Theory of Social Work. An Errand to Messina, Mar. ji, igog. 
The Moral Effects of the Messina Earthquake (Part of Report for 1909). 

Maxwell House M 

Established September, 1889, by the Brooklyn Guild Association, anl 
outgrowth of social work organized by the Second Unitarian Church, April 13. 
1889. Residence established 1896. Aims " to afford a common meeting ground 
on the basis of a common humanity and similar needs, and to furnish an oppor- 
tiinity for the interchange of intellectual and moral service. Incorporated April 
12, 1890, "to establish and conduct club houses which shall be common meeting 
places for all sorts and conditions of men, and in which the various classes of 
society may meet and engage together in social gatherings, concerts, clubs, lec- 
tures, classes, and the like; to establish and conduct free kindergartens; to give 
exhibitions of pictures, flowers and objects of art; to aid in enforcing the sanitary 
and building laws and ordinances of the state and city, and in all ways to develop 
and foster the bodily, mental, and moral life of the neighborhoods in which such 
club houses shall be established, and to do all such things as may assist in carry- 
ing out such objects." 

Neighbobhood. "Originally a tenement district for persons of Irish and German 
extraction. Within the past decade the living conditions have deteriorated; factories 
crept in, and the neighbors were crowded oul by recently arriving Italians. Poles, and 

AcTrviTPES. Studies of housing, sanitary and health conditions, and vari- 
ous efforts improved the living conditions of the neighborhood. Instrumental 
in securing public baths, a branch library, playgrounds, music in the small parks, 
and a more strict observance of sanitary laws and regulations, lis kindergarten 
was taken over by the public school system. Instrumental in establishing 
the Fifth Ward Improvement League and the Neighborhood Workers Associa- 
tion of Brooklyn. After 1890, the house affairs were democratically adminis- 
tered, first by a board of governors made up of ihc president of the association. 
the treasurer of the house, one other person from the board of trustees, the head 


worker, and three representatives elected from the adult club of the genera] house 
membership; later by a house council made up of the head worker and five 

adult house members. 

Summer Wofi.— Camp Maxwell al Fort Montgomery near West I^inl, excursions 
in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Location. 14^ Concord Streel. 

Head Resident. Raymond V, Ingersoll: John Kildrelh Chase, [901-1906; 
A. W, Dennen, 1906-1909. Voiunteehs. Women jo, men a. 

Literature. Annual Report, 1889 to 1907-8 — Report (190)-^) contains a 
history of the settlement since its foundation — Maxwell House. Brooklyn, Cbarilia, 
xiv ; 746 (May 13. 1905). 

brooklyn neighborhood houses maintaining religious 
Catholic Settlement Association 
Organized March, 1909, by Very Rev. Monsignore While. D.D., "to 
bring together in a spirit of kindliness, by means of classes and various kinds of 
social assemblage, those whose different environments have kept them heretofore 
too widely separated; to create an atmosphere of hope and friendly service, of 
restfulness, of harmony and happiness among sordid surroundings for overtired 
and under-nourished lives; to protect and guide youthful energies, to open the 
door of opportunity to those whom their Creator has given capacities for a fuller 
life, and to be an expression of the truth we believe but do not always practice; 
the truth that all men are brothers; all are one in Jesus Christ." 
Literature. Yearbook of the Association. 1909-1910. 
The following centers are maintained by the Association: 

ST. Helen's settlement (Center) 
137 Concord Street (1909-) 
Founded 1909, by the Very Rev. Monsignore White, D.D., "to provide 
religious instruction, to aid immigrants in adjusting themselves to new conditions, 
to interest Catholics of leisure in persona! service, and, through co^>peralion with 
other Catholic and non-sectarian agencies, to work for social betterment," 
Supported by memberships, voluntary contributions, and the proceeds of an 
annual entertainment. 

The people arc largely Italians. 
IS classes in Christian Doctrine, sewing, cooking, basketry, choral singing: 
library: metal work, mandolin, violin and guitar instruction. Boys' and young men's 
social clubs; social meetings of young people and adults: talks: lectures: city excursions 
to museums and parks. Cooperates with the committee for the prevention of tuberculosis, 
the national child-labor committee, the child ren's Christmas committee, the 5l. Vincent 
de Paul Society, the dislricl nurses' committee, and the Nursing Sisters of the Sick Poor. 
Former Location. 37 Duflield 5l, 190S-1909. Chaihman. Grace O'Brien, 
Literature. O'Brien, Grace: Catholic Settlement Work in Brooklyn. Stinry, 
xxiv : J03-104 (May 7. 1910). 



Front and Gold Streets 
Established 1903. 
Maintains classes in Christian Doctrine, singing, sewing, and ndgliboriiood vi 


Parochial School, Tremont Street 
Established October, 1906. 
Maintains classes in Christian Daclrinc,scwing, and singing: (olkd^ncing; motherjj 
meetings; neighborhood visiting, 

Middagh Street near Henry Street 
Established March, 1909. 
Maintains classes in Ctirisiian Doctrine, sewing, singing, and dancing, Englid 
taught to Spanish adults; neighborhood visiting. 

(Diocese of Brooltlyn) 
Settlement Centers, I. Third Street and Jacl<son Avenue, Long Island CiQ« 
Chairman. Mary Smith, 

II. Broadway and Court Street, Astoria. Chairman. Josephin' 

Church of the Holy Trinity (Episcopal) 
157 Montague Street 

"Our parish stands for a social Christianity, for the reconciliation of op^l 
posing classes, for brotherliness, friendship, for the improvement of this life by ■ 
means of the vision and strength of the heavenly city." 

"Our Distinctive Note. — The organization of the parish is one expression 
of this social mission. We have come to be known in some quarters as a 'Settle- 
ment Church.' We are a parish which has taken the social settlement as an ally, 
has adopted its method in our own organization, and is very eager to co-operate 
with the settlements in their service to the community. In America the seltle- 
ment grew up outside of the Church and in some quarters in the face of the oppo- 
sition of the Church. Our attempt has been to reconcile church and settlement, 
by showing the Church that the settlement is an expression of the social Gospel 
inasmuch as its end and aim is that of Christ, 'to be among men as one that 
serveth,' and by showing the settlement that the Church can be disinterestedly 
concerned about the community, and that all true service must include the 
ministry to religious needs." (Year Book, 1909. J. Howard Melish.) 


City Park Branch (Presbyterian) 
209 Concord Street 
Founded 1893, by Gaylord S. While. 
Maintains church services; gymnasium: baths: poolroom: bowling alleys: dis- 
pensary; kindergarlen: p«nny provident bank: employment bureau; dolhing bureau; 
sewing school; industrial classes; clubs for men, young women, girls, and boys. 

Hamilton Settlement (Congregational) 
5 Manhasset Place 
Founded in the Fall of 1909, by the Woman's Branch of City Missions for "un- 
denominational, religious, social and industrial work." Sunday school; classes in kitchen 
garden, basketry, bookkeeping, dressmaking, sewing, drawing; clubs (or women and 

Head Worker. AnaaM. Latschar. 


WiLLOUGHBY HousE SETTLEMENT (Undenominational) 

(Formerly Young Women's Settlement) 

97 Lawrence Street (1906-) 

Established February, 1901, by a board of twenty-four young women of 
Brooklyn, "to promote the intellectual, social, and spiritual welfare of young 
women." "Willoughby House is now a recognized center in its neighborhood. 
It aims to win girls and children coming to its clubs and classes to Christ." 
(1903.) Opened to men and boys in 1905. Affiliated for a lime with the 
Y, W. C. A. Incorporated February 31, 1905. 

Neighborhood. The border of the lodging house district, some of the prob- 
lems of which the house attempts to meet The people are American, German, Irish, 
and Italian. 

Maintains Bible class; gospel meeting; rummage sale; neighborhood visiting; 
kindergarten; stamp saving; library; classes in gymnastics, housekeeping, millinery, 
sewing, embroidery, cooking, story hour; clubs for children, young people, and adults; 
penny provident bank; department of music. 

Formes Locations. 359 Jay St., Feb,, 1901-SepI., 1901; II8 Lawrence St., 
Sept., 1901-1903; tlo Lawrence SL, Oct., 1901-Spring, 1903; 9; Lawrence St., Fall, 
1903-May, 1906; 97 Lawrence St. (specially built), Fall, 1906-. 

Residents. Women 3. Head Residents. L.orraine Willcis, Feb., 1901-1901; 
Anna Van Nort, 1901-. 

Willow Chapel (Unitarian) 
25-27 Columbia Place 
"The Chapel House is a club house for the people. Its purpose is to fur- 
nish a place for wholesome amusement and helpful instruction. It is a place to 
meet friends and to make friends, to receive pleasure and to give pleasure. It is 
a place for rest, reading, games, and instruction for men, women, girls and boys." 




List of New York SelUements in Cbar. Rev., vii : 698-700 (Oct., 1897). 

Betls. Lillian W.: College Social and University Setllements in New York. Oultat 

Taylor, Graham; New York's Picket Line. Cobubohj, ii, No. $ (Sept., 1897). 

Brown, William Adams; Union of East Side Settlements (N. Y.). Indepm 
xlix: i6gi (Dec. i). 1897)- 

Kingsbury. M. M.: Women in Settlement Work in New York. MunU. ASairt, 
ii ; 458 (Sept., 1898). 

Todd, C. B.; Settlements in New York City. Gunion's M.. xix : 66 (Aug., 1900). 

Myers, Gustavus; New York's Social Settlement. Pilgrim, iv ; 14 (Jan., rtjoj), 

Paulding, J. K.; Older Boys in the Settlement. Ethical Rec, May, igo^. 

The Function of the Social Settlement. Synopsis of articles by M, K. Simkovitch, 
Homer Folks, E.J. Urwick, J. B. Reynolds. Cbaritits, viii : 481-484 (May 3 1, 190a). 

Ellbtt,'John L.: Ethical Aspects of Neighborhood Work. Ethical Rec, May, 11 

Hunter, Robert: Social Settlements and Charity Organiiation. Joht.pJ Pol. Eeom^M 
xi : 75 {Dec., 1903). Also a pamphlet reprint, 

Betb, Lillian W.: Church Federation and the Settlements. OiiWwi.'jar 

Inter-Settlement Track Alhiellc League. Charities, x : 273-^74 (Mar. 31, 1903). 

Clark, William A.: Inter-Setllemenl Games and Debates. Coinmons, Mar., I90^]f 

Dooliltle, Marion B.; The Summer Outings of the New York Settlements. < 

r. Oct., 


Settlement Workers and Their Work (Greenwich House, Alumn* Settlement, 
Nurses' Settlement). Outlook. Ixx : 5 (Oct. j, 1904). 

Robbins, Dr. J. E.i The Bohemian Women in New York, Chariti 
(Dec. 3, 1904}. 

Atierbury, Grosvenor; The Phipps Model Tenement Houses. Char, and Cc 
xvii : 49-65 (Oct. 6, 19116). 

The Negro in New York (Investigation by MissOvington). Charities, xii : 943-943 
{Sept. 17. 1904). 

New Settlement in New York. Outlook, Ivii : 733 (Nov. 30, 1897). 

Palmer, Lewis E.: New York's Truancy Problem, Char, and Commons, xv : 557- 
561 (Jan. 37, 1906). 

Handbook of the New York Child Welfare Exhibit, Jan,-Feb„ 191 t, pp, 5. 


Association of Neighborhood Workers 

An organization of settlement and social workers of New York City and vicinity 
Organized December 11. 1900. to "elTecI co-operation among those who 
are working for neighborhood and civic improvement, and to promote move- 
ments for social progress." 

Activities. The association meets monthly at the various neighborhood 
houses for discussion and action. Much work is done through committees. 
(1) WoBifw^.— Co-operation to protect the tenement house law; to provide a 
congestionexhibitCigoS); toaid thetenants'housing fight, etc. (2) Education. — 

k to save appropriations lo school purposes; investigation concerning mal- 
nutrition of school children; reduction of hours for children in first year; to se- 
cure a correct school census; to decrease truancy; inquiry into co-operation of 
settlements and public schools, (j) Public Heallb. — Co-operation with C. O. S. 
by distributing leaflets, securing lecture audiences, and arranging exhibits; con- 
ducted investigation in midwifery (co-operation Union and Henry Street 
(Nurses) Settlements) and a bill remedying abuses secured; lectures on moral 
prophylaxis, etc. (4) Highways. — Efforts for adequate care of streets, and co- 
operation with Municipal Art Society in securing street signs, (5) Recrtaiion. — 
Investigation of conditions; co-operation to secure the regulation of dance halls. 
(6) Lafror.— Members of the association were instrumental in starting the Child 
Labor Committee, and the association has assisted in the enforcement of the law, 
lent aid to the Women's Trade Union League, and co-operated with various 
organizations in securing legislation of benetit to labor. New York State 
Commission (1909) on Employers' Liability and Unemployment. (7) Public 
Aforaiify.^Investigaled five-cent theatres, crap-shooting and street gambling; 
and supported various movements for the better control and extension of public 
pleasure, such as law regulating dancing academies. (8) Athletics. — An inter- 
settlement athletic association arranges competitions between houses and man- 
ages large public meets. (9) Relief. — Investigated and urged public wash houses; 
studied unemployment and urged a special commission on unemployment. 
(10) Arts and Crafts. — A committee studied the city opportunities of art educa- 
tion, published a pamphlet concerning such opportunities; arranged exhibits of 
industrial arts, etc. (11) Parks and Playgrounds. — Co-operated to save the 
small parks lo their original use; urged the acquisition of small parks for various 
neighborhoods; made investigations concerning the use of playgrounds, number 
of children playing on the streets, etc. (12) Legislation. — Since 1904 the legis- 
lation committee has scrutinized and considered bills having to do with social 
legislation and has thrown the influence of the association in what seemed the 
better direction. It has also co-operated with other bodies interested in legisla- 
tion; and in several cases Introduced measures growing out of its study and ex- 

Officers. President: Gaylord S. White, Union Settlement. Secretary; Leila 
T. Newcomb, HartEey House. Enecutive SecreUry: Alice E. Robbini, 1908-1909. 
Secretary of Committee on Legislation: Ellen S. Marvin. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. (Leaflets published by the Association.) 
— Publications by the .\ssoi;iation (to be obtained from the swretary): Boarded Out 
Babies; Robbins. Jane E.i A Leaflet for Mothers; Report on Midwifery; and Art for the 
People. Sftalta: Simkhovilch, Mary K.: Enforcement ofChild Labor Laws in New York. 
Commons, June, 1904 — Tenement Amendments Opposed in Tenement Neighborhoods, 
Cbarities. xii ; aSj (Mar. 19, 1904) — While, Gaylord S.: Legislation Opposed by New 
York Social Workers. Cemmom, Apr,, 1904. p, 144 — Prof. Conrad and the Neighbor- 
hood Workers. Cbarities, xiii : 51-5) (Oct. 8, 1904) — Lecrure Course in Neighborhood 
Work. Cbarities, xiii : 574 (Jan., 1905) — Mr. Woods Champions the High Privates of 
Industry. Cbar. and Commons, XV ; 53J (Jan. ao, 1906) — The New York Association of 
Neighborhood Workers. Cbar. and Commons, xvi : 608-609 (^pt. aa, 1906) — The 



Association of Neighborhood Workers. Char, and Commons, xix : 871-87J (Oct. 13, 1907! ' 
— The Bishop of London at the University Settlement. Cbar. and Commons, xii : 9)7- 
938 (Oct. j6, 1907) — The New York Association o( Neighborhood Workers. Char, and 
Commons, xn ; 699-700 (Sept. 19, 190S) — Dancing Academies: Some Possibilities, 
Cbar. and Commons, xxi : lolS-iol? (Feb. 37, 1909) — Definitions of Economy. 5m 
xxii : 160-161 (May i, 1909) — To Regulate Dance Halls. Survey, xxii : 337 (Jnat 

Guild of Settlement Industries 
4 West 28th Street 

Founded February, 1911, by the Arts and Festivals Committee of 
Association of Neiehborhood Workers, acting temporarily as an organisation 
committee. Aims: "The tenements of New York City are full of women who 
have brought with ihem to this country both the skill and the habits o( industry 
that produce those marvels of beautiful handiwork which deh'ght us in the Old 
World. In their effort to adjust themselves to the bewildering new conditions 
here, most of these skilled workers are swept into the factories and sweatshops, 
or else they continue to work at their own handicrafts in their tenement homes, 
selling their products to exploiting purchasers for the merest pittance. It is 
natural that the settlements, located in the midst of foreign populations, should 
make some attempt to help these workers and give them a fairer chance. But 
all the settlements which have conducted small industries in the effort to con- 
serve and develop the skill of our foreign-bom women have had to face a serious 
problem in marketing their products. . . . The Guild of Settlement 
Industries hopes later to be able to maintain workrooms in connection with Ihc 
salesrooms, where skilled workers may be employed, and that, eventually, a 
well-equipped Craft School may be established, to be operated on the plan of the 
Co-operative Trade Schools." The articles on sale include lace (filet and Irish 
crochet), pottery, desk sets, vases, lampbowls. French and Bohemian embroid- 
eries, table linen, lingerie, blouses, children's dresses and peignoirs, handwoven 
rugs, portieres, table and cushion covers. The Guild guarantees that all 
articles offered for sale have been produced under proper sanitary conditions. 

Literature. Authorized ieadets of the Commitlee, See alio: A New Venture. 
Li/e (Brooklyn), Feb. 4, i9[i. 

The Junior League For the Promotion of Neighborhood V 

(Formerly the Junior League for the Promolion of Selllement Movements, 1900-1907) 
Organized by the debutantes of the winter 1900-1901, "to unite for a 
definite purpose the debutantes of each season and to interest the young women 
of New York in the work of the settlement movement" (Report, 1902). "The 
Junior League was primarily started for the promotion of the settlement move- 
ment. Its chief activity was the annual entertainment arranged by its own 
members. The second year these active members became associate members, 
and as the membership of the league increased, the active members became a 


small percentage of the whole society. All members did not care to devote 
themselves to the setllemenis, but were interested in other philanthropic activi- 
ties, and in the conditions and needs of the neighborhood in which they lived. 
The league has therefore become the Junior League for the Promotion of Neigh- i 
borhood Work." {1907.) j 

Activities. For some years the league worked through committees, the 
members of which gave personal service at some of the neighborhood houses. 
In 1905-6 there were formed additional "neighborhood committees determined 
by the public school districts of the city." Each member was urged "to study 
her own district that she might know about the public and private charities 
near her own home, and so find where her efforts are most needed." Since 
1906 the work of the league has been organized on a comprehensive district 
plan, though special causes are frequently espoused. Committees (1910) on 
school and home visitors; district nurses; neighborhood boards; flower com- 
mittee; music committee. The league raises money and makes appropriations 
to certain neighborhood houses and philanthropies. 

Officers. Secretary: Katharine W.Tweed, 41 West 39th Street, New York City, 
Literature. Annual Reports. Seealso: Henderwn, Nathalie: The Junior League. I 
Cbar. and Commom, »v : 8gi (Mar, 17, 1906). 

Association of PRAcrrcAL Housekeeping Centers 
236 Henry Street (Nov., T()oi-); 163 Sullivan Street (Sept., 1905-); 543 West 

49lh Street (Mar., 1906-); iSJonesStreet (Oct., 1910-. Formerly 
at 230 West 63rd Street) 

Founded November, 1901, by Mabel Hyde Kittredge. "The particular 
object of this association is to instruct the people of the tenements by practice, 
illustration and daily lessons, in the art of healthy home-making. This inslnic- 
tion is given in tenement flats, such flats as the people who take advantage of 
the instruction themselves live in. The furnishing of these centers is a lesson in 
economy, sanitation and simplicity. The instruction is in cleaning, hygiene 
and cooking; also talks and consultations on all subjects connected with the 
rearing of children, personal health and the most adequate division of a laborer's 
income." Incorporated November 3, 1906. Maintained by gifts and annual 

NeiGHBOittrooD. The Henry Street Hat is In a Russian Jewish neighborhood; 
Sullivan Street Hai, lialian; West 49th Street flat, Irish and American; Jones Street Hat 
includes Irish, ll.ilian and French. 

Activities. The Association assists in carrying on school lunches in 
Public Schools $1.31, 107, and 33. It has also been instrumental in establishing 
other model flats in New York City which have not been dependent on this 
Association for their support. 

Maintains two classes every day at each center. The number of pupils in each 
class is not less than six and not more than eight. Some of these classes take up the regular 
housekeeping work, others are demonstration cooking classes For women; special talks 



lo mothers; special dinner classes; boys' improvement club: waitress 
nuising classes. 

Superintendent. Mabel Hyde Kjttredge, 60 Washington Square. 

Literature. Kiitredgc, Mabel H., Home-miking in a Model Flat. Cbar. qui 
Commons, xv ; 176 (Nov. 4, I905). 

Alfred Corning Clark Neighborhood House 
283 Rivington Street 

Established January 9, 1899, by Mrs. Alfred Corning Clark as a memorial 
" to educate and train childrert of the neighborhood by kindergartens, dubs, etc." 

Neighborhood. The lower East Side. The people are nearly all Hebrews, of 
Austrian, German, Hungarian, and Russian parentage. There are a Tew Germans and 
Irish and many Italians. 

Maintains milk depot; three kindergartens: penny provident bank; gymnasium; 
baths; classes and events; library: reading room; study room; game room; classes in 
cooking, houackeeping, sewing, baskelry, clay, lace, singing, city history, dancing; board 
of education lectures; clubs for women, young people and children, including one for deaf 
mutes: dances, entertainments, etc. Sumimr H^ork. — Picnics; excursions; boys' camp: 
flower distribution. The house closes In August. 

Residents. Women 9, Volunteeks. Women 10, men 4. Head Resident. 
Mrs- S. D. Brewer, 1899-. 

Literature. Authoriied Statements, Reports, July, 1900; June, 1903; Apr., 
1907. See also: Neighborhood Settlement in Memory of A. C. Clark. OuUook, ki : 183 
(Jan. 3, 1899) — Bureau of Labor Statistics State of New York. Eighteenth Annual Re- 
port, 1900. Part II, pp. 399-403. 

Edward Clark Club House 
73 Catinon Street 

Established January, 1905, by Mrs. Henry Codman Potter (Mrs. Alfreij 
Corning Clark) as a memorial to the late Edward Clark "as a wholesome center 
for the married men and fathers of the community." 

Neighborhood. (See the Alfred Corning Clark House, above.) 

Maintains. Library; reading room; pool and billiard rooms; sitting rooms; 
writing rooms and supper room. Open to any man of good record over twenty-one years 
of age. The club is self-governing with officers elected from the membership. 

Head Residents. Herbert Snell, 1905-1907; Dickinson Holmes, 1907-1909; 
Charles H. Warner, 1909-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Report of Alfred Coming Clark House, 
Apr.. T907. p. 5 ff. 

Bloomincdale Guild 1 

146 West looth Street (1907-). Summer Home, Sea Clifl, Long Island, N. Y. 

Established April, 1905, by Mrs. Nettie Picard Schwcrin, who later or- 

gam'zed the Bloomingdale Neighborhood Association, " to raise higher educational 




and social ideals; to teach the principals of organization to the young pcoplt of 

our neighborhood, by means of self-governing clubs; to deepen democratic 
ideals by means of clubs, and through the association and co-operation of in- 

dividuals of different clas 

argely of Irish and Ger 

iety." incorporated March, 
■ side in the Bloomingdaie region. The people 
, though there are some Jewish and Italian immi- 


Activities. Instrumental ir 

et kitcher 

n co-operation with other agencies, in securing 
n and a district nurs«. Is working for a public playground and does 
[litary work for its neighborhood. 

AiNS kindergarten; library; play and game rooms; employment bureau; 
's: classes in English for adults, cooking, »wing. dancing, music, raflia, 
carpentry; clubs for women, boys and girls; entertainments. Summa 
ft'ork. — Backyard playground; milk depot; window boxes; excursions and picnics; 
flower distribution; vacations at the country house and in co-operation with Fresh Air 

Former Location. 134 West loisi St., igos-April, 1907. 

Residents. Women i. Volunteers. Women as- men 4. Head RESiDEjfr. 
(Mm.) Nellie P. Schwcrin. 1905-. 

Literature. Authoriied Statements. Reports, 1905-6; 1906-7; 1907-8; 
1908-9 — BloomirigdaU Cvild Nevis, i. No. 1 {March. 1908), 

The College Settlement 

95 Rivinglon Street (1889-); 188 Ludlow Street (1902-); 84-86 First Street 

(1907-). Summer Home. Mount Ivy, New York (1900-) 

Established September r. 1889, by The College Settlements Association 
with Jean G. Fine (Mrs. Charles B. Spahr) as head worker, with the purpose 
of "establishing a home in a neighborhood of working people in which educated 
women might live, in order to furnish a common meeting ground for all classes for 
their mutual benefit and education." College Settlements' Association or- 
ganized to support this and other settlements. Incorporated 1894. Maintained 
by yearly donations from College Settlements' Association and funds raised by 
local executive committee. 

Neighborhood. Lower East Side, New York City, People largely Jews. 

AcTivtTiES. I. Investigations. The house has for many years carried 
on a series of sociological studies; largely into aspects of women's and children's 
■ life and labor, for detailed list of which see below. It has also carried on a 
number of special local studies; into unemployment. 1S94; data for the Tene- 
ment House Committee, 1894-1900; for the Reinhard Committee in 1895; 
into conditions of working women; into evictions in 1897; the congestion exhibit 
and many others. 

II. Efforts for District Improvement, (i) Housing. — In 1894-s ^"d 

jgain in 1900 gave testimony before housing commissions. In 1899-1900 four 

residents lived for a year in a neighborhood tenement, and reported findings on 

the experience. Provided material for the Congestion Exhibit in 1908. In 



addition much educational work has been done in reporting sanitary demiquei^^ 
cies and stimulating tenants to their own responsibility. 

(a) Struts and Refuse. — Constant work for belter sanitary conditions. In 
1894-5 helped the commissioner of streets in a neighborhood publicity plan; in 
1894 protested against the unjust treatment of push-cart peddlers. 

{3) Play Spaeei. — Co-operation in the various movements for more parks 
and playgrounds. In 1897-8 became the headquarters of the East Side Recre- 
ation Society; stimulated the board of education to organize vacation school 
playgrounds; and took into residence one of the ofTiciat school visitors. 

(4) Public Scbvols. — Close relations with the schools of the district. Since 
1889 has endeavored to create public opinion in favor of adequate facilities for 
children of school age. Early placed small libraries in the schools; entered into 
hearty co-operation with the teachers in efforts for individual children; carried 
on informal school visiting; provided a night school after the public night school 
closed; kindergartens: a special day class for children unprovided for; special 
work with backward children; and for some years at different times has had a 
resident as school inspector for the ward. The head worker has been a member of 
the local school board for eight years. 

(5) Labor. — In [894 it secured moral and financial support for the garment 
makers, and since that time has interested itself in such unions as it could reach. 
Has given testimony before all legislative committees and other organizations 
looking toward the betterment of the working conditions of women and children; 
and its various studies into the work of women and children have been potent 
in awakening public opinion. In connection with other agencies has made 
numerous efforts to secure the enforcement of labor laws in the stores and fac- 
tories of its quarter. 

(6) Economic. — Assisted the University Settlement in its co-operative 
experiment of 1893. Headquarters for relief work in the economic depression 
of 1893-4; and in the depression of rgoo and 1907-8 kept neighborhood needs 
before the public and rendered assistance to its own clientel. 

in. Local Institutional Improvement. Provided public baths for 
women; maintains a private playground in its yard; a library service, and for 
some years a visiting library service; started a music school which later developed 
into the Music School Settlement. 

IV. Geneiial Propaganda. A potent factor in keeping the needs of the 
district before the city; in educating the well-to-do to the human interest of the 
East Side; and in bringing the college women of the East to a knowledge of 
modern urban conditions. 

Maintains kindergarten (nursing service discontinued); school visiting; gymna- 
sium and boys' dub house: athletic association; cooking school; gymnastic, singing and 
dancing class: clubs far married women, men, young people md children: entertainments, 
concerts, lectures, etc, Suntm^ IVork. — House open for dances and games; gymnasium 
organized as a playground: backyard playground; ice-water fountain: flowers; picnics 
and excursions; summer home at Mount Ivy, N. Y., perhaps the most consisieni piece of 
Mttlement summer vacation work in the country. 


FoKMER Locations. 96 Rivisgton St., 1891-1900-1 : Four reiidenU in tenement, 

[899-] 900. 

REsrDENTS. Women 11. men i. Head Residents. Jean Fine (Mr*. Charlei B, 
Spahr). Oct., i889~July. 1891: Fannie W. McLean, July. iSga-July, 189}: Dr. Jane E. 
Robbins. 1893-Jan. 1, 18^; Mary M. Kingsbury (Mrs. V. G. Simkhovitch), J»n., 
i898-Nov.. 1898; Elizabeth Sprague Williams, Nov. 1, 1898-. 

Literattire. I. Authoriied Articles. Annual reporis — CoUtft Settltmtnl 
Nnw. Vol. 1, No. I (Jan.. (gii). Sualso: Scudder.Vida D,; A New Departure in Philan- 
thropy. Cbriilian Union, May 10 and 17, 1888 — A Toynbee Hall Enterprise. C/mrcb- 
man, June 8, 1889 — Freeman, H. F.: University Settlement. Lend a Hand, v : 1^4 
(March, 1890) — Dyer. F.J. ; College Settlement. Har^wr'i fldj,, May }i, 1899 — Rich- 
ardson. Hester D.: College Seltlcmenl. Lippincolt's. June, 1891 — Dyer, Frances J,: 
College Settlement in New York. Cbmebman, June 11, 1893 — Editorial. Nation, Feb. 9. 
189} — Summer Outings for City Neighbors. Cburcbman. Sept. a, 1893 — Halsted, 
Carolyn; The New York College Settlement. DiUntalor. July, 1895 — School Play- 
grounds In New York. Ouliook, Aug. )i, r89; — The New York College Settlement. 
See official publication. Woman's Work and Status in Leading Countries. Washington, 
D.C. — Belts, Lillian W.: New York's Social Settlements (College Settlement). Outlook, 
li : 684 (Apr, ay. 1895) — Report for 1896. Ann. Amer. Acad, of Pol. and Sac. Set., 
ix : 164-166 (Jan., 1897) — The New Social Science Put into Practice. Hatptt'i Baj., 
XKX : 1088 (Dec. 25. 1897) — College Settlement Extension in New York, (Condensed 
from New York Evening Post.) Pub. Opin., XKvii : 587 (Nov. 9. 1899) — College Settle- 
ment Extension. Hatpir's Be(., xxxiii : 643 (July 7. 1900) — Todd, Charics Burr; 
Social Settlements in New York City. GutOoH's. xix : i66-r7i (Aug., 1900) — Notes on 
College Settlements (New York). Cbatiliti. vii : ;6; (Dec, ai, tgoi) — College Settle- 
ment. Bureau of Labor Statistics State of New York. Eighteenth Annual Report, 1900. 
Part ll.pp. 29O-J00 — The College Settlement of New York. Outlook, IxJx : 348 (Oct. a, 
rgoj) — Belts, Lillian W.: Social Experiment. Outlook, Ixxii ; 641-648 (Nov. 15, tgoa} 
— Doolittle, Marion B.: The Summer Outing of the New York Settlements. Commoni, 
viii, No. 87 (Oct.. 1903) — Liggett, L. M. A.; Ridge Farm, a Resort of the East Side. 
Commons, ix : 504-506 (Oct., 1904) — College Stiilement, New York. Charitits, xii : 197 
(Feb, 20. 1904). 1 1. Articles about the Settlement bv Residents. Damon. Mary 
B,, M.D.: Medical Women in Tenements. The Literature of Philanthropy. New York, 
Harper Brothers — Spahr, Mrs., and McLean. Miss: Tenement Neighborhood Idea, 
Ibid. — Woolfolk, Ada S.; New York College Settlement. WtlUiUy M.. Apr., 1894 — 
Kingsbury, Mary M,; Women in New York Settlements. Munk. AJJain, il ; 458-461 
(Sept., 1898) — Williams. E. S.: New York College Settlement. Harpir's Ba{.. xxxiii : 
1 5'-' 55 (May 19, 1900) — Ambler. L. M.: Ridge Farm at Mount Ivy, New York. Com- 
mons, vi. No, 66 (Jan.. 1902) — Williams, Elizabeth 5.; The Summer at the New York 
Settlement. Commons, vili, No, 87 (Oct.. 19O)) — A New Departure for the College 
Settlement. Cbaritiis and Commons, xix ; 926 {IDct. 19, 1907) — Williams, Elizabeth S.: 
Mount Ivy. Cbutcbman. Sept. i, 1906. III. Social Studies and Articles bv Resi- 
dents. Eaton. Isabel: Receipts and Expenditures of Certain Wage Earners in the Gar- 
ment Trades. Pamphlet, 1895 — Kingsbury, Mary M.: Women in Settlement Work in 
New York. Munk. Affairs, ii : 458 — Jones, Myrta L: The Evils of the Intelligence 
Office, Commons, May, 1904, pp. 190-193. 



Doe Ye Nexte Thyhge Society 
i8 Leroy Street (1901-) 

EsTASUSKEt) 1904, as an outgrowth of the rdief work of the society begun 
in i886at Bibk House, and transferred in 1901 to 18 Leroy Street, where neigh- 
bofhood features were developed, [ncorporated 189;. 

Neichsoithood. The lower Wejl Side in Greenwich Vjllige. The people are 
inA, Italian. Freoeh, Jewish and colored. There ij mach bad housing. 

Maimtains penny ptovidenl bank; rriief work; rummage tales: coal club; skk 
benefit luguc; claitei in millinery, lewing, cooking, play hour, basketry; iocial clabi for 
women. boy» and girli. 5iiw>>ut Work. — Eicuniont and picniu; vacations in co-opera- 
lion with various Fresh Air societies. 

Residents. Women 1. Volunteeks, Women 6, men 1. Hbad Residents. 
Mrs. M. Clothier, 1904-1905; (Mrs.) Margaret P. Evans. May, igoi-tgerj; Miss K. 
Westendorf. Mar., rgoT-Jone. 1908; Miss M, R. Blair. Oct., 1908-. 

Literature. AtnuouzED Statements. Reports, 1904-;: 1905-6; 1906-7: 

Down Town Ethical Society 
2i6 Madison Street (igco-) 

Established December, 1898, by a group of twelve young men, one time 
members of the Nurses' and the University settlements, with the moral and 
financial assistance of the Society for Ethical Culture. " Two primary purposes 
have actuated the society in its work. One is the thorough Americanizatii^n of 
Ihc residents of the lower East Side, and especially of the younger generation. 
The other is the strengthening of the home ties between immigrant parents and 
American-bred children, and the ennobling of the family life by reconciling the 
differences due to change in social and economic environment. It (the society) 
stands for the supremacy of the moral life and tries to emphasize the moral 
aspects of the complex problems with which the East Side is grappling. In a 
quarter where the lack of necessary creature comforts is so tremendous, there is 
great danger of underestimating the importance of moral demands." 

Neighborhood. The lower East Side. The people are Jews. 

Activities. Helped to arouse the public demand which secured Seward 
Park and other recreation centers; called attention to conditions which led to 
the organization of the Committee of Fifteen; helped create the Federation of 
Hoys" Clubs and the East Side Civic Club; initiated a successful movement to 
remove an unfit judge from the Bench; rendered etTeclive service in several 
political campaigns (or cleaner and better civic life; and co-operates with move- 
ments for the educational, social and economic betterment of its neighborhood. 

Maintains bank (conducted by club members}: sewing school; many cluhs for 
vxrious purposes. There is much athletic work and sport. The clubs entertain their 
parents from time to lime. Monthly talks for adults in Yiddish, and much instruction, 
formal and informal, on the moral problems of the home and neighborhood. Monthly 
dances; working woman's forum, etc. Ctub representatives in co-operation with the 
leaden govern the house. The expenses of the social features are largely defrayed by 

NEW yORK If/f I 

club memben. Sumvar (fort .—Child ran go !o Felicia, the Fresh Air home of Ihe Young 
Men'j Union of the Sdcieiy for Eihieal Cullure; boys' tamp a( Highland Falls, "Camp 
Astra" (self-supporling) ; girls' camp, a unique "Street Car Colony" composed of aban- 
doned street can. called Camp Moodna (self-supporting). 

Former Locations, 331 Madison St.. 1898-1900; jio Madison St., t9oo-J904^ 
)(xi Madison St.. jgckt-igio. 

Residents. Men 3. Volunteers. Women 11, men 1 1. Head Resident. 
Henry Moskowili, 1898-. 

Literature. Authoriied Statements. Statements 1904, 1905. 1906, 1907. 
1908. Sit alio- FUti oi 300 MadiiOH. the "Newsletter of the Clubs and Classes." Pub- 
lished by the Board of Delegites. Vol. I. No. 1: Vol. M. No. 1: Vol. in. No. 1, Jan.. 1907: 
Vol, IV, No. I, Jan.. 1909; Vol. V, No, 1. Nov., 1909. 

East Side House 
540 East Seventy-sixth Street. Boys' Camp, Delaware Water Gap 

Established June, 1891, by the Church Club (Episcopal) and incorporated 
June, 1891. The work at first was largely for men and boys, but was entended 
in 1896 to include girls and women. In rgo? many of the Alumni of the City 
College of New York undertook to be contributors to the house, with the idea of 
eventually taking over its support. 

The population, originally of Irish and 

Activities, In 1891 opened kindergarten; established a playground on 
the river bank, provided swings, a summer house, etc. Erected (tSgj) a special 
building to house a circulating library of five thousand volumes offered by the 
New York Free Circulating Library Association, and maintained this work with 
extraordinary efficiency and in the most social and co^)pe^aIive spirit until Ihe 
erection ofa large branch library in 1903, In 1895 the playground was extended 
to the river and a tidal bathing basin provided. In 1896 the Winifred Wheeler 
Day Nursery and an interesling co-operative experiment known as the "Co- 
operative Householding Society," the stock of which is in part held by members 
of the men's club, was started. Their house on 77th Street has been well kept 
and the experiment made financially successful. Through the efforts of the 
settlement the John Jay Park and playground was located opposite, and in 1903 
a public bath was placed next the playground. Long continued efforts to keep 
up the sanitary condtrion of the district, working largely through its men's and 
civic clubs. Politically these organizations have stood for the better candidates, 
and the Fellow Citizenship Association in 1900-1 played a helpful part in securing 
apluralityin the city election for Mr, Low. Started as a men's house, has always 
been specially noted for its large number of men's organizations. 

Maintains day nursery; savings; kindergarten: music school; dramatic a; 
tion; gymnasium and athletic association and clubs; debating societies: gleedubs; clubs 
for men, women, young people and children with various interests; classes in 
violin, singing, and domestic sciences; public lectures (co-operation with city); c 
dances, etc. Summer H^ork. — Day nursery; clubs; picnics; 


Residents, Women 3, men 8. Volunteers, Women 9, men 5. Head Resi- 
dents. Everett R Wheeler. Summer, 1B91; Franklin W. Brush, [891-189J: Willis B. 
Holcombe, ]89i-i894; Clarence Gordon, 1894-Jan., [903; William T. Kelly, Feb., 190}- 
1907; Miss M. De G. Trenholm, 1908-. 

Llteratore. I. Authorized Statements. Annual reports, issued January 1 — 
East Side Club reports, pamphlets and circulars, to be obtained at East Side House — 
East Side House Bulletin, a bi-weekly leaflet — Belts, Lillian W.: New York's Social 
Settlemenls (East Side House), Outlook, li : 684 {Apr. ay. 1895) — ■'Neigbborboott." a 
monthly magazine; Vol. I. No. i, Jan., 1908; Vol. M, No. j.Oci,, 1908: Vol. 111. No. 1. 
May. rgog; Vol. IV, No. i. Jan.. [910, See also: Social Settlements. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics State of New York. Eighteenth Annual Report, 1900, Part H, pp, jrj-jaa — 
The East Side House Settlement. Commom, Feb., 1897 — The East Side House Settle- 
ment, Commons, Oct. ji, 1899 — The East Side House Settlement. Commons, Dec, 
1901 — The East Side House Settlement. Commons, vi. No. 68, March, 1902 — Open- 
ingoftheNcw East Side House. Ciari/iVs.x : )31-3}J (Apr. 4, igoj) — East Side House, 
Cbariliei, jcii : 196-197 (Feb. ao, 1904) — East Side House. Commons, x ; 131-113 (Feb.. 
1905). II. Articles by Residents or Directors. Gordon. Clarence: The Relation 
of the Church to the Settlement. Commons, Nov., 1897. The Meaning of aSeltlement. 
Charities, ix : 543 (Dec. 6, 190a) — Wheeler, Everett P.: The Settlement in Its Relatii 
lo Organized Social Work. Cburcbman, Aug. 13, 189); Outlook, Feb. 10, 

Greenwich House 

26-30 Jones Street (1902-). Men's Club, ao Jones Street (1903) 
Established November, 1902, by Felix Adler, Eugene A. Philbin, JacoB 
A. Riis, A. Fulton Cutting, Henry C. Potter, Carl Schurz and Mary Kingsbury 
Simkhovitch. "for the establishment and maintenance of a social settlement or 
social settlements in the city of New York, as centers for social, educational, and 
civic improvements, to be carried on in conjunction and association with the 
people residing in the neighborhoods v^here such settlement or settlements may 
be situated." — Extract from Certificate of Incorporation. "Greenwich House 
attempts to meet the needs of the neighborhood by facing its different aspects and 
seeing in how far a private agency such as the settlement can be of immediate 
use, and in how far it must call in larger forces. ... A settlement aims to 
get things done for a given neighborhood. 1 1 proposes to be the guardian of that 
neighborhood's interests, and through identification of Ihe interests of the settle- 
ment group with local interests, it forms a steadying and permanent element in a 
community which is more or less wavering and influx. To work out the 
methods by which a neighborhood may become a consciously effective group 
is, 1 take it, the difficult task of the settlement everywhere. As a matter of 
fact, however, what settlements actually do seems often but remotely related 
to this task. In practice, every neighborhood house has to do a good many 
things which its advantageous position allows and almost compels it to effecl- 
The relations of the settlement to charity and to education are to be noted as 
points in question." — 1904. 

Neighborhood. "The district in which the house is situated is known as the old 
American quarter. I ts outward signs are the small three-siory house, the small shop, the 



picturesque and winding streets; and, ptrmeating all. thenoteof torpor and decay. Bui 

thisisamoslsuperficialesiimale, Fotcrowdiuginto the old district come great factories, 
with swarms of working people, and taking the place of the old private dwelling the new 
five-story tenement wilh stores on the ground floor, often as an improvement on the 
mouldy building it replace!, though frequently also introducing an overcrowding, liitherto 
foreign to this quarter. , . . The whole reighborhood is highly heterogeneous, both 
in population and in character of industry. The clothing, millinery, and laundry division 
easily lead in the local list of manufactures, bul printing and paper goods; leather and rub- 
ber goods; metals, machines and conveyances; food, liquors, and tobacco are also con- 
spicuously represented. The population is American in the sense of being second and third 
generation Irish, with some Germans, a growing anny of Italian incomers and a group of 
colored people." 

Activities. I. Investigation. Through its committee on social inves- 
tigation the association has carried on a number of studies of local conditions, 
published and unpublished. Among these are two handbooks, one on housing 
(The Tenants' Manual), and one on Public Art Education; also Wage Earners' 
Budgets {published by Henry Holt); The Economic Status of the New York 
City Negro; studies in Home Manufacture. Local Schools, Description of Local 
Industry, Description of the Distribution of Population, Description of Local 
Housing, Local Sanitary Conditions, etc. 

II. Efforts for District Improvement, (i) Houiing. — Besides a 
close and intensive housing study (A West Side Rookery), carries on a general 
campaign against violations of the tenement house law, and does much educa- 
tional work with householders. The Tenants' Manual is a part of this work. 

(2) Streeti and Rtfuse. — Secured the asphalting of Jones, Leroy, and Cor- 
nelia Streets, and has been constant in its efforts for better cleaning and collection 
of refuse. 

(}) Play Spaces.— Ei^oTts for an additional playground; for the use of a 
river pier for athletic purposes; for the larger use of the public school; has 
efTecIed desirable changes In the local park playground; secured the use of its 
street at certain periods for festival purposes; and has suggested the reservation 
of certain city streets for the use of school children during the late afternoon. 

{4) Public Schools. — Made a careful study (1905-6) of the relation of the 
school to the home on the basis of which it developed its school visiting work. 
Through this service it found itself able to (a) correct cases of irregular attend- 
ance; (b) urge on parents and children treatment for physical defects; (c) call 
in the aid of settlements, district nurses, convalescent homes, etc., for children; 
(d) explain to parents personally and in meetings the requirements of the de- 
partment o( health and the compulsory education law; (e) report to teachers 
and principals the conditions in homes; (f) follow up non-attendance in evening 
schools; (g) search the district for deaf and dumb children not attending school 
(as a result of which the city has undertaken a special school); (h) secure a 
specially prepared list of children needing vacations and secure opportunities 
for them to go away, etc. Conducted (1909) an outdoor pre-tuberculosis sum- 
mer school for children in c&operation with the board of education, in lieu of a 


much needed and hard worked for winter school. There have been classes and 
special coaching for backward children. Working lo secure the social use of 
public school facilities, and has ilsdf secured the use of the public school gymna- 
sium for its girls' basket-ball team. 

(5) Economic— ReVieS in the economic crisis of 1907-8. For several years 
(1907-19(0) maintained a crafts school in which lace, potlery, etc., was produced 
by neighborhood workers and sold. The experiment has been turned over to 
commercial channels, the educational period being past. 

(6) Health. — Started (summer 1903) a small baby clinic, and as an out- 
growth of this work developed a plan to decrease the infant mortality of the 
district by providing medical and nursing service and properly modified mUl 
Secured with the help of other local agencies in 1909 a dental clinic (co-operatii 
with the Children's Aid Society). 

III. Local Institutional Improvement. Organized the Greenwich 
Improvement Society (1903), and with this society has been instrumental in 
securing the branch public library and the public bath (which includes a gym- 
nasium and a roof garden). Secured the use of the hall in the public library for 
various uses (tuberculosis exhibit, public concerts, etc.). 

MArNTAiNS district nurse, and certain specialized medical service; public school 
kindergarten; savings; classes in sewing, lace, embroidery, drawing, design, basketr]-, 
chair caning (last two for backward children), carpentry, pottery, carving, story telling. 
There is a Crafts Workers' Guild. (The former shopwork in lacemaking, mending, and 
weaving has been taken over by a firm of artists and decorator*,) French, Italian and 
Irish musicals; entertainments, parties, eic.i clubs for men, women, young people, and 
children. Summir ifork. — Backyard playground and garden; infants' clinic; resident 
nursing service; baths for children; Saturday evening "stoop concerts," and little dances 
for young people; many excursions and picnics; crafts work; (lower dislribulion; 
tions in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Former Locations. Men's Club Rooms, 3) Jones St., rgoj. Club Center, 
nelia St., Winter of 190). 

Residents. Women 10, men 5. Volunteers. Women a8, men a HeaO 
Resident. Mrs. Vladimir C. Simkhovitch, 190a-. 

Literature, t. Authorized Statements. Reports, January, 1903; October, 
1903, 1904. 1905. 1906, 1907, 1908. 1909 — Simkhovitch. Mrs, V. G,: Greenwich 
House. Commoni. Mar.. 1905, pp. 165-171, Ste also: The New Co-operative Settlement 
(Greenwich House). Comiiotn, vii. No. 73 (Aug., 190a). Greenwich House. Commons. 
Ill, No. 78 (Jan., 1903). A Tenant's Manual (Published by Greenwich House, New York). 
Charitiii. xi : 4-} (July 4, 1903) — Sayles, Mary B.; Greenwich House in Settlement 
Workers and Their Work. Outlook. Oct, 1 , 1904, Greenwich House, New York. Commoni, 
ix : 148 (1904). A French Play in New York (Greenwich House), Charities, xiii : 576-577 
(Mar. 18, 190;). Lace-making in the Tenements. Cbarilies, xiv : 1036-10J7 (Sept, a. 
190;) — Eastman, Crystal: Charles Haag, An Immigrant Sculptor of His Kind. Char. 
and Comtmms, xvii : 615-617 (Jan. 5, 1907). Greenwich House Anniversary. Char, and 
Comtnant, xix : 1266-1367 (Dec. ui, 1907), Settlement Crafts on Business Basis, SHray, 
xxiii : 795^96 (Feb. 26, 1910), II. Manuals Published by Greenwich House. 
(i) Dinwiddle, Emily W.: The Tenants' Manual, 190}. A handbook of information for 
dwellers in tenement and apartment houses and for selllemenl and other workers. Later 


JItW \ 

revii«d by Nathilw Heml«rMn. (i) A Wmi Side Rookerr {Xjout hmiiifig s(ui)y> 
()) Public Art Educarion. 111. Antkles pr Socim. Stvoi** ov It»»in«HT^. naniM. 
Mary C: Early Storin in English for New Sludenti of tinslish t.aler StoHri in l^n|li«h 
for New StudetiB of English. Apply to Commti(»f of Rrse^Kh of the N«tiooal Boafd of 
the Y- W C. A of America ~ Brook*, Hlldeflardt: The Eyei of Men .ItUnlit. qlt : 674- 
684 (Nov.. 1906) — Clark. Waller E.: Josiah Tucker, Economic Columbia Unlvpnity 
Prets. i^aj. 3;8 pp. French EconomiKlt of the )8(h Century XXieme Simle 1904 
Reviews on Money and Banking, Fd. StiQuar., iqo)-^. Greenwich House AttnUfrsery 
Cbar. and Commorti. xix : ia66-rj67 (Dec ai, 1907). Why ShouUt thf Coit of I Ivtnt 
Increaiei' Rtt.ofRit.. %\\ : i8j-t«9 (Feb , iqio), RliinRCoatol Itvtnu Nel«n'» Loose 
Leaf Encyclopedia. iQto — Dinwidilie. Emily W,: New York Charities Direttury, 1(int 
Tenants' Manual, Greenwich House, tgo). HausinR Condltlont In Philadelphia. Ociavia 
Hill Association, 1904. The Truth About Trinity's Tenement*. Snnry, tnW 1 7iW-*w 
(Feb. a6, isro). Good Homes for a Million People. rorW'i Work. J% : lH<*(Sept., 
1910) — Eastman. Crystal: Employers' Liability In Pennsylvania Char and CwMfNiHir. 
xix: 1671-1683 (Mar. 7. 1908). Employers' Liahjilly (Pamphlet) N Y, Bmnch ol 
American Assn. for Labor Legislation. May, 1908. The Trmpet o( Ihe Workers Under 
Trial. Char, and Comtnont, xxi : 161-569 (Jan. 1, i9riQ). A Year's W(■tk-^(^■llent■ and 
Their Costs. Char, and Commoni. xxi ■ 1 14)-! t74 (Mar. 6. ipoQ). Emplovrrs' IJaHllly. 
(Pamphlet) N. Y . State Bar Ais'n , Jan., rgro. Work-AcfMerttt and Ihe Law. N Y . 
Charities Publication Committee. J910, Work-Accidml* and Employers' UaHlliy 
Survey, xiiv : 788-794 (Sept. 3. 1910) — Ford, George B ; Apartment House on Hue 
dc la Tasse. Paris. Mmtr, ^rcbiUet. ici : la-n (Jan. ), lifuj) House on the Bots de 
Boulogne. Paris. Amer. AtchiUct, Mar. 3, >907. Emancipation of Architecture in Bel- 
gium. Amif. Arekiua. xcX - ]a}-M6 (June 8. >9C7)- Further Wiitk* of Charles Pliimel. 
Am*r. AnbiUti, xci : 347-149 (June 19, 19D7J. A Great Flihibilion— Pittsburg. Amit 
ArMUtt. Nov. 30, 1907. Report of Duildinfi CAde Aevitinn Hearing, Now 6, tgn?. in 
New York- AmtT. ArcbiUct, Nov. ir. 1908. National Ciry Plaitnin* (J«>trferenee. /fmrf 
Anbiltt. xcv ; 196-198 (Juiw 16, 1909). Another Architectural Resiaissince Cleveland 
PUhUe^tr. Feb. >. 1908. Etghih International H«ii«ing CtmUt*nt4 Amet ArtbHnl, 
«>n: 171-175 (Mar J7. 1908)- Hodem Paris Sboy FronU ArtbiUilufal ff« , Au*. 
1^19^ The Housing Problem- ftritk^ildir. Feb., Apf . May, July. SepT , tif<r, SccmhI 
National Conference on City Planning and Congestion. Surwy, vtiv ; wy-irfi (May 14. 
[gto). HoDsing in City Hanning. Paper read at First City Planning (^inference. Wash- 
ington. D. C. 1910 Ninth Inlemation;il Mowing Congress !htrT>ty. x«iv:6a[-fo{ 
(July 33. 1910)- The City Plan Ethihit in Berlin. Smnry, xxiv A4)-64S (July )0, i9">> 
A Labor Pageant Surtty. xxv : 4^4 (Dec 10, tgio) Chapt«- <m Technical Phases of 
City Planning in '.^n Introduction 10 City Planning.' Social Aspectsof Cify Planning 
Paper read at Second City Planning Confcrenc*. RochWKer, N Y . May. 1910 Possi- 
bilities of Housing Reform in New York. Paper read before Maynt's Commlssicvn on Cnn- 
gcstion. City H jII. N Y , Oct. 18. 1910. The Intcnesl of City Planning for the ATchilect 
Address before Rhode Island Chapter of A I A , Providence, R. I , Dec at, F910 Phases 
of .^rchiTectunl Education. Ttchtolaty K«.. Jan.. 191Q. Social Side of Town Planning, 
Taam PUmmni ffm. (Liverpool. Eng,). Jan., 191 1 Hnufing R«T)ort Installation Child 
Welfare Exhibition. 191 1 — Gale, ZiMia: Cold ShwiUer. Drtii.. kxiii 4''7-4«) (Mar , 
r909). pDstmarks. Oullook. %a\ 675-A*5 (,May aa. i^n^) Robm Hood in Jones 
Street. Oitttaok. xcii : 4^9-446 (June j6, 1909). The Cobweb. AtlAHhe. ciH : S4n-449 
(May. 1909). Way the Wodd I». AmmcM M. iKvlii : rTi-i^q (Oct., 1909*. Even- 
ing Dress. Bofryhed^i M . xn : 675-681 (Nov . 1989). Mtlwaulxv. fiKod Himnlurpimt, 



l:3l7-)3; (Mar, 191a). Charity Ball, Deiineator. Ixxvi : m {July, 1910). Brother- 
man. Delineator, Ixxvi : 16; (Sept.. igio) — Hall, Fred S.: Scholarships For Woiking 
Children. Char, and Commons, xxi : 379-381 (Nov. 14. 1908). Pennsylvania Child Labor 
Laws, Survey, xxii ; 331-334 (May 39, [909). Child Lataor Statistics. Ann. Amer. Acad, 
oj Pol. and Soe. Sci, xxxv : 114-136 (Mar, 1910) — Kellogg. Piiul U,: Editor of The 
Survey. Director and Editor of The Pittsburgh Survey, 1908, Findings in six volumes. 
N. Y.. Charities Publication Committee — Lord, Katharine: The Greenwich House 
Handicraft School. Crajliman, xlii : 7i}-73i (Mar., 1908). Filet Lace. PaletteanJ Btnch. 
Sept. and Oct,, 1909. A Lesson in Makirg Filet Lace. CraJUman, xvii : 10S-314 (Nov., 
1909). Honiton and the Reviving of Lace Making in Devon, Cmjlsman. xvii : 444'4;t. 
Jan., 1910. New Embroidery. Dtiipur, May, 1910. How to Make Irish Laces at Home. 
Crafliman, xviii : 492-496 Quly, 1910). Carrick Macrossand Limerick Laces. CraJUman, 
Apr,, rgio. The Making of Decorative Lamp Shades. Cra/timan, xix ; 8S-9o(Oct., 1910). 
Irish Laces, PaletU and Bench, July and Aug.. 1910. How One Man Solved the Lighting 
Problem. House and Gerdtn. Nov., igio. Public Art Education in New York City. 
Greenwich House Publication No. ). The History and Practice of Lace Making, (in 
press.} — Marsh, Benjamin C: An Introduction to City Planning, with a chapter by 
George Ford, Slums and The Land, and Economic Aspects of City Planning (Ready for 
publication). The Extermination of Vagrancy. Ann. of Amer. Acad. 0/ Pet. and Soc. Sei.. 
Mar., 1904. Eighth International Housing Congress. Cbar. and Com-mons, xviii : 66[h'l 
670 (Sept. 7, igcrj). Experiences of an International Beggar. Char, and Commons, KUb.l 
983-997 (Nov. 3, [907). City Planning in Justice to the Working Population. Cbar. and 
Commons, xjx : J514-1518 (Feb. I, 190S). Congestion Exhibit in Brooklyn. Cbar. and 
Commons, XX : 309-311 (May 9. 1908). Bulgarian at Home. Cbar. and Commons, xxi : 
649-^50 (Jan. 9, 1909). State Grange-A Social Force. Survey, xxiii : 705-704 (Feb. la, 
1910). Taxation and the Improvement of Living Conditions in American Cities. Survey. 
xxiii ; 703-704 (Feb. ji, 1910). Unused Assets of Our Public Recreation Facilities. 
Ann. Amer. Acad, of Pol. and Soc. Sci., xxxv : 381-385 (Mar., [910} — More. Louise 
Bolard: Wage Earners' Budgets, A study of the standard of living on the lower Wesi 
Side. NewVork, Henry Holt. Price I3.50. Rfsumtin Warner's "American Charities," 
pp. 161-184. (Newed,) Wage Earners' Budgeis (Reviewed by Margaret F. Byington), 
Cbar. and Commons, xix : loSi (Nov. i6. 1907) — Ovingtun. Mary White: Negro Home in 
New York. Cbar. and Commons, xv : l;-)o (Oct. 7, I90}). Negro in the Trades-Unions 
in New York. Ann. Amer. Acad. 0/ Pol. and Soc. Sci.. xxvii : jjl-ssS (May. 1906), ■ 
Fresh Air Work Among Colored Children in New York. Cbar. and Commons, xvii : iiy- I 
117 (Oct. 13, 1906). Atlanta Riots. Outlook. Ixxxiv : 684 (Nov. r?, 1906). Jeanes Fund. 
Survey, xxlil : J90 (Jan. 39, J910). Closing the Little Black School House. Survey, 
xxiv : 343-34; (May 38, 1910). Slaves' Reminiscences of Slavery. Indipcndint, Ixviii ; 
1131-1136 (May 36, i9io). The Economic Status of the New York Cily Negro. (To be 
published) — Simkhovitch, Mary Kingsbury: The head resident was New York editor 
of Tbe Commons, In which various articles by residents of Greenwich House have appeared. 
See: Commons, ix : 3;, 93. 144, J93, 333, 406, $31. $74 (1904). 1'he Relation of the 
Settlement 10 Women and Children. Cbarilies,! : s^Oune, 1898). Women in New York 
Settlements, Munic. Avoirs, ii : 458-461 (Sept., 1898). Friendship and Politics. Pol. 
Sci. (^r„ xvii : 189-30; (June, 1903). Tbe Settlement and the Public School. Com- 
mons, viii. No, 83 (May. 1903], Playgrounds and Public Parks. Commons, viii, No, 88 
(Nov., T90)), p. 10, The New York City Election. Commons, viii, No. 89 (Dec. 1903}, 
p. 7. The Public School, lis Neighborhood Use. Commons, ix : 406-417 (Sept., 
Neighborhood Work. Settlement Ideals. Cbarities, xii : i9;-rg6 (Feb, 3o, 1904). ! 



ing ComiiiitiM on Neighborhood Improvement (RepotI on National Conference of Chtiri- 
tiei). Cbarities, xli : 716-717 (July 1, (904), The SctllemenI Relation to Religion. Aim. 
Amtr. Acad, of Pol. and Sac. Sci.. xxx : 490-49; (Nov., 1907). Handicrafts in the City. 
Craftsman, xi : )6}-365 (Dec, igo6). New York Public Library Assembly Halls. Chat. 
and Comwions. xv : 88{'S86 (Mar. 17, r9o6j. Settlement Organization. Cbai. and Com- 
mo»i,x\i : ;66-;69 (Sept. 1. J906). The Application of the C. O. S. Method 10 Families 
above the Poverty Line. Proceedings of Nat'l Conf, of Charities and Correction, 1909, 
p. 137. A New Social Adjustment. Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science, 
Oct., 1910, Opportunities in the Social Settlement as Vocations for the Trained Woman. 
Women's Educational and Industrial Union. Pamphlet. 1910 — Simkhovitch, Vladimir 
G. (Adj. Professor Economic History in Columbia University): Rudolph Stammler. 
Educational Rn., xxvii : a)6-a$i (Mar, 1904), Russian Autocracy, An Interpretation. 
InUfnat. Quar., x : 1-13 (Oct., 1904). Terrorism in Russia, Inltmal, Quar., xi : 366-lSj 
(July, 1905), Russia's Struggle With Autocracy, Pol. Sci. Quar., xx : (11-139 (Mar, 
1905)- The Russian Peasant and Autocracy. Pol. Sci. Quar., xxi : 569-59! (Dec, 1906), 
History of the School in Russia. Edtualional Rtv.,Kxxii[ : 486-513 (May, 1907). The Agra- 
rian Movement in Russia. Yale Rev., 1907, Symbolism of Russian Revolution. Bookman, 
XXV ; 40-48 (Mar,. 1907). People's Uprising in Russia. H'orld's Work, ix : 5977-5981 
(Mar, 1905), The Case of Russia. By Alfred Ramband, V. C, Simkhovitch, and others, 
N. v., 1905. Marxism Versus Socialism. Pal. Sci. Quar.. xxiii : 193-319 (June, 1908); 
xiiii : 653-689 (Dec, 1908); xxiv : 336-368 (June, (909); xxiv : 641-666 (Dec, 1909); 
XXV : 393-479 (Sept., 1910) — Woerisholfer, Carola: A Selected List of Books and Pam- 
phlets in the English Language on Women in Industry. Ann. Amtt. Acad, of Pol. and Soc. 
Sci. Ocx . 1910. 

Hamilton House 
15 Hamilton Street (190a). Boys' Camp, Palisades on Hudson River 

Established December, 1901, by Pearl Underwood (Mrs. John H. 
Denison) "lo keep the girls off the street." Aims: "The vital need which 
Hamilton House seeks lo fill is that of an 'open house' to which the children of 
the neighborhood may come and in which Ihey may have a sense of proprietor- 
ship." Incorporated June 17, 1903, 

NEtGHSOftHOOD. The lower East Side in the Cherry Hill district, sometimes called 
"New York's most wicked neighborhood." The quarter is built up with great tenements 
and is highly congested. The neighbors are Irish and Italian, 

Maintains day nursery; classes in sewing, cooking, gymnastics, and numerous 
social clubs. The men's club, organized in the settlement, has now its own clubhouse on 
Cherry Street, and is a vigorous influence in the district, SamtneT It'ork. — Boys' camp and 
vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies, 

FoRMEK Locations. 33 Hamilton St., 1901-1903, 

Workers. Women 3, men i (none in winter). Head Worker. Louise 
Worthington (Resident Nov.. 1903-June, 1905, and occasionally si 

Liteiiture. Authorized Statements. Occasional pamphlets. See: Hamilton 
House. Cbarities, ix : 146 (Aug. 9, 1903) — Another Neighborhood House. Commons, 
Sept., 1903, p. 15, 




Hartley House 

409 (i898),4i 1-413 (rSg?) West Forty-sixth Street, 412-414 West Forty-seventh 

Street (1908). Summer Home, Hartley House Farm {1904), 

Convetit, Morris County, N. J. Weeburn Farm 

(1910), Talmage Hill, Conn. 

Established January, 1897, under the auspices of the New York Associa- 
tion for Improving the Condition of the Poor, "to create a small home-keeping 
school where poor girls could be taught how to keep a home neat, lidy and at- 
tractive ... to open workrooms for unskilled women , . , and to 
combine with such twofold work all the neighborly, friendly features of a college 
settlement." (First Report.) 

"The immediate aim of the settlement is to help prepare children and young 
people for lives of useful social citizenship, and to help them as they grow older 
to render useful social service and to find happiness In unselfish social lives." 

"To conduct neighborhood clubs and classes for social and educational 
purposes; to provide opportunities for recreation; to aid in the study of social 
and industrial problems; to furnish, In reports and otherwise, such information 
and statement as may tend to promote the wider understanding of social con- 
ditions and social responsibilities or may tend to promote social justice; to aid 
in the development of good citizenship; to provide places of residence for men 
and women desirous of engaging in social work." (1905.) Incorporated April 
21, 1903. 

NEtcHBORHOOD. The middle West Side, in an increasingly deniely populated 
section. The people are largely Americans, Irish, Germans, and Italians. 

Activities. Several intensive studies of its district. Works through its 
neighbors and other agencies for the physical betterment of the section, the 
larger use of school playgrounds, etc. Conducted for several years a relief 
station and employment bureau for the Association for Improving the Condition 
of the Poor. At the time of the industrial depression of 1907-8, started its 
" Ship-shape Shop," which served the double purpose of training in sewing, mend- 
ing, etc., and in providing work for those needing it. Had one of the first 
"Home and School" visitors (1907), a resident, who gave full lime to the work, | 
and who was influential in organizing the work of the Home and School visitors 1 
of the city. 

Maintains kindergarten; penny provident bank; club organ HartUy House 
News: gymnasium and baths; classes in cooking, sewing, carpentry, printing, sten- 
ography, nufsing, shirtwaist making, millinery, hand work, pottery, drawing, English 
and literature; clubs for girls and boys of all ages beginning with kindergarten children; 
two clubs for women; dramatic work with children, and older boys and girls; debating, 
and Hartley House Inter-club Debating League. Summtr If ori.— Playground; yard 
concerts in the evening; day excursions; vacations In co-operation with Fresh Air 
agencies; Hartley Farm at Convent, N. J., for mothers and children under sixteen 
years of age, and Weeburn Farm, Talmage Hill, Conn., for working girls over sixteen. 


NEW voRK tei 

Residents. Women 14. Volukteehs, Women ;o, men 6. Head Residentc, 
Helen French Green, Jan., 1897-Scpt,, 190s; May Mathews, Sept., [905-, 

Literature. 1. Authohued Statements. Reports, 1897, 1898, 1900, 1901, 
HW3 — Articles in HarlUy Houii News, \. No. 1, i8g8, and Reports of the Association 
for Improving the Condition of the Poor — Stokes, J. G. Phelps: Hartley House and 
Hs Relation to the Social Reform Movement. (Pamphlet.) 1897. Address the setllemenl. 
See alto: Hartley House- New York Timis. June 37, iSg? — Hartley House, Cbar. 
Rn., vi : 380 (June, rSgy) — Kingsbury. Mary A.: Women in New York Settlements 
(Hartley House). Muiac. Afairs, ii ; 458-463 {Sept., 189S) — Hartley House. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics State of New York. Eighteenth Annual Report, igoo. Part II : 376- 
585 — Pratt, Caroline L.: Carpentry at Hartley House. Commoni, vii, No. 71 (June. 
■ 903) — Hartley House Incorporated. Commoni. Aug., 1903. II. Articles and Social 
Studies by Residents, Pierce, Ella A.: The Hartley House Cook Book, Commoni , May. 
I9na. New Edition o( Hartley House Cook Book, Oct., 1910 ^ Stevens, George A,: 
Hartley House, Bureau of Labor Statistics State of New York. Eighteenth Annual Re- 
port. 1900 ^ Slokes, J, G, Phelps: Hartley House and its Relation to the Social Reform 
Movement, 1897 {Out of print). On the Relation of the Settlement Movement to the 
Evils of Poverty. Proceedings of the First New York Stale Conference of Charities and 
Corrections, 1900. Public Schools as Social Centers, Ann, Amtr. Acad. 0} Pol. and Soc. 
Sci., May, 1904, Ye Have the Poor Always "With You. Ittiependettt. Sept, 9, 1904, 

Henry Street Settlement 

(Nurses' Settlement) 
365 (189s). 299-301 (1905) Henry Street 

Established July. 1893, by Lillian D. Wald, who, moved by the condi- 
tions surrounding a sick woman of the East Side, upon whom she had called, 
proposed with Mary M. Brewster (laler Mrs. Booth) "to move into ihe neighbor- 
hood; to carry on volunteer nursing, and contribute our citizenship to what 
seemed an alien group in a so-called democratic community." In looking for 
quarters the two nurses came upon the College Settlement, and for the months of 
July and August they lived at the Settlement House, In September they rented 
the lop floor of a tenement house, and fortified with board of health badges, 
explored tenements and carried on such nursing and social work as came to their 
hands. After two years calls multiplied so fast that the house at 265 Henry 
Street was taken to provide accommodation for more nurses, and the present 
extension work began. Incorporated March 27, 1903. "for the usual settlement 
purposes, and also to establish a service of visiting nursing and to maintain con- 
valescent and Fresh Air homes." Supported by many gifts for special purposes- 
The household (board, servants, etc.) on co-operative plan. 

Neighborhood, First, the lower East Side, and later all sections of the city. 
Some neighborhood work also in ihe country where (hreeof the vacation houses are open all 
the year, Ihe director of each being identified with the life of her locality. 

Activities. I. Investigations. An Investigation of Dispossessed Ten- 
ants. 1897 (in to-operation with the University and College Settlements): 
The Midwives of New York, published in Cbarilies, January, 1907 (co-operation 
Union Settlement and the Neighborhood Workers Association); Investigation 






into Unemployment, published in Charities, February 19, 1908. Investigation 
of conditions surrounding babies boarded out in families by institutions; an 
informal investigation of children out of school because of physical defects, 
undertaken to show the need of proper feeding and school lunches; an investiga- 
tion of one thousand school children who had obtained working papers at four- 
teen years of age and gone to work. This investigation to determine whether 
it would be wise to provide scholarships which would enable certain children who 
showed promise to remain in school until sixteen. Investigation leading to the 
publication of a directory of the Trade, Industrial and Art Schools of Greater 
New York, published by the settlement, May, 1909. Miss Wald was a member 
of the Mayor's Pushcart Commission (report published by the city of New York, 
September 10, 1906}; of the State Immigration Commission (report published 
by the state, April 5, 1909); and with one other member of this commission 
made an extended investigation of the conditions in the labor and construction 
camps throughout the stale (report published in The Survey, January 1, 1910). 
Investigation of children's street games, 1909; investigation of conditions sur- 
rounding working girls in department stores, factories and canneries, 1909: a 
study of festivals with their possibilities for settlement presentation (report 
published in Charilits). 

II. Efforts FOR District Improvement, (i) Healtb.^z) Home Care 
— The residents have stood consistently for the adequate care of the sick in their 
homes. A system of visiting nursing has been established which now covers the 
boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx. The nursing staff increased from 1 ^ in 
1900 to 47 in 1909; making calls upon 10,234 patients, and rendering first aid 
treatment to 16, [93 persons that year. Established for the department of health 
a staff of nurses for the care of contagious diseases. Identified through the 
director of one of the country places with the District Nursing Association of 
Westchester County and has membership also in the Grangers' Association 
of that county, (b) Convalescence — Maintains three convalescent houses: 
The Rest at Grand View-on-the-Hudson, New York; Reed Farm, Valley Cot- 
tage, N. Y. (for Italian patients); Echo Hill Farm, Yorktown Heights, N. Y- 
(where a limited number of delicate children are kept for an indefinite period or 
are partially adopted). Miss Wald is trustee of Loeb Convalescent Home and 
one of the residents is registrar, (c) Tuberculosis— The pioneer nurses in 1893, 
realizing the danger to the community from the ignorance of persons sufTen'ng 
from tuberculosis, secured the names of such persons applying for admission to 
hospitals. These, and others discovered by the staff, were visited; sputum cups 
and disinfectants were supplied; and instruction in hygiene provided, in 
March, 1905, the department of health took up the work systematically, and the 
city nurses now carry on the plan of visitation and education, (d) Medical 
Inspection in Public Schools — The first residents of the settlement helped in 
establishing medical inspection in the public schools, bringing to the attention of 
the department of health school children desquamating from scarlet fever and 
with diphtheria patches on throats. Later the system of inspection seemed in- 
adequate, as the children were sent home when found to be ill, and many tended 

KEW rORK 307 j 

lo become truants because of this. The seltlement proposed to demonstrate for 

the boards of health and education the value of the nurse with the physician, ; 
in October, 1902. supplied the services of a nurse who supplemented the s* 
of the medical examiners. At the end of one month the service was taken over 
by the city. The system has since been adopted in many cities in the United 
States and abroad, (e) Milk and Baby Hygiene — A trustee of the settlement 
supplies milk from his private dairy in Westchester County, and this is sold to the 
patients of the nurses, especially for infant feeding. Twice weekly, conferences 
with mothers are held at the settlement under the direction of two physicians who 
examine the babies brought to the class, prescribe the proper modification of the 
milk for each and give advice as to care. A nurse is detailed to the following up 
of these cases and instructs the mothers in the modification of the milk and in 
general care and hygiene of the baby and the home, (f) Co-operation with In- 
surance Companies^ln June, 1909, the settlement proposed to a large insurance 
company the insurance of their policy holders for nursing as well as for death 
benefit, and in accordance with this plan a system was inaugurated that bids fair 
lo be of enormous preventive and educational value, through the utilization of 
the huge machinery of the company to make the nurse's service accessible to the 
policy holders. Other companies are adopting the plan. 

(2) Housing. — The residents have from time to time testified before 
various tenement house commissions. The professional services of the staff 
have offered unexampled opportunity to observe conditions, to report violations 
of law, and to follow up the method of enforcement. 

ii) Sanitation: Streets and Collection of Refine. — Members of the seltle- 
ment have co-operated to educate the people and have worked with the street 
cleaning department in various matters, such as the removal of snow, prompt 
collection of garbage, lectures lo the neighborhood, etc. Took an active part in 
the campaign against constructing an elevated railroad in a nearby street, ad- 
vocating a subway instead, which alternative has been carried out. 

(4) Play spaces.— Co-operated in the campaign for public recreation facili- 
ties. Its backyard playground (189$), utilizing three adjoining yards, was one 
of the earliest play spaces in its district. One of the first agencies to definitely 
organize and supervise play, bringing in the teaching of manual work, folk 
dancing, games, etc. Instrumental in securing Seward Park and Corlears Hook 
Park, and its residents now serve in the park department of New York City and 
on the executive committee of the Parks and Playgrounds Association of New 
York. In co-operation with the latter it maintains a playground at the Slillman 
House, its branch in the Negro section of the city; and during the summer the 
gymnasium of the settlement is also run as a playground in co-operation 
with the Parks and Playgrounds Association and the board of education. 

{5) Public Schools. — Carried on with other agencies a continuous and suc- 
cessful campaign of education for more and better school buildings. Provided a 
formal study room, which has been adopted (according to the statement of Dr. 
Maxwell, Superintendent of Schools) in 6) school buildings. The practical house- 
keeping centers were first established in co-operation with the settlement. 




Several residents arc on the local school boards of their districts and the head 

resident has participated in the campaign for school lunches and furnished some 
literature on the subject. The settlement gives the department of education 
rooms for a kindergarten and has provided quarters for physical work with a 
class of defectives. Administers a system of scholarships for children between 
fourteen and sixteen years of age. A resident follows each child's school, home 
and social life. Forty-one children in elementary, trade, technical and art 
schools receive scholarships. 

(6) Labor. — Residents early found themselves called upon to give vocal 
and literary expression to the hardships under which many of the young women 
among their neighbors labored; and were active in the first organization of the 
Women's Trade Union League. Residents have testified before various legisla- 
tive commissions; served on executive committees of the national and state child 
labor committees; organized a system of scholarships given to children to prolong 
the school life beyond the fourteenth year; and interested themselves in awaken- 
ing public sentiment. Two residents serve on the Joint Board of Sanitary 
Control of the cloak and suit industry, and have had part in the investigation 
into heating, ventilation, fire protection, sanitation, etc., made by the trade. 

(7) Politics. — Though not formally identified with any parly, the settle- 
ment has always taken an active part on the so-called "moral issue campaigns." 
Members of the household and the clubs serve as speakers, watchers at the polls, 
distributers of literature, etc. Advocates the principle of woman's suffrage, and 
some of its members are actively connected with the movement. 

(8) Economic. — Largely responsible for the establishment of Clinton Hall, 
a building in its immediate neighborhood erected by the Social Halls Association, 
ofwhich the head worker of the settlement is president, Clinton Hall is equipped 
with a dance hall, roof garden, lodge and meeting rooms, billiard room, bowling 
alley, etc., and is run on a strictly business basis, but under thoroughly respect- 
able and decent conditions. At the present time it is the headquarters for 
twenty-one different trade unions, 

(9) Morals. — Shared in investigating social conditions and has at times 
been able to inquire into and report many matters to the police department, 
district attorneys, Committee of Fifteen, and other organizations. 

III. Co-operation with other Agencies. Members of the settlement 
are connected in advisory and official capacity with settlements, labor, charit- 
able, health, recreational, educational, political and other institutions and 

IV. Relation to Citv, State and National Movements, (i) City. — 
In New York City the settlement has been formally identified with the depart- 
ment of health, department of education, department of parks, the Mayor's 
Pushcart Commission (1905). 

(3) Slate. — The head worker has served as a member of Governor Hughes' 
Immigration Commission (1908 and 1909), and others of the household are ac- 
tively connected with state regents, state department of education in that 
branch relating to the examining and registration of nurses. 


(3) National. — The head worker originated and has been actively identified 
with the movement for a federal children's bureau. 

V. General Propaganda, The house has been notable in its public 
influence. Settlements have been established in other communities through its 
inspiration, and many of its forms of work have been adopted in other cities. 
Through its head worker and residents it has been allied with many public move- 
ments, and it has been able to carry its philosophy to many persons through 
speech and pen. 

Maintains a JistricI nursing service covering Manhattan and the Bronx; four 
lirst aid rooms in the main house and three of its branches, where bums, wounds, and ulcers 
arc dressed, and atlcnlion is given to such patients as are able to come to (he room; Fol- 
low-up work from school, hospital, asylum and dispensary; seven country places, three 
of which are open all the year (described in another section); one milk dispensary with 
conference for mothers (these conferences are held twice a week under the direction of 
two physicians, and a nurse is detailed to follow up the cases and leach the modification 
of the milk in the homes); three kindergartens; upwards of 13 j dubs for both sexes and all 
ages: three libraries (one for reference, two circulating): iwo playgrounds (one indoors 
and one outdoors with directors in charge): a gymnasium tor boys, girls and young men; 
a school shop in which there are a limited number of apprentices who are taught line 
handwork (the product is sold); Iwo carpentry shops; several cooking classes; several 
dancing classes: penny provident banks al the main house and three branches. 

Former Locations, Jefferson St,. Sept., iSgj-July, 1895; J79 E. Broadway, 
189); 31a E. 78th St,, i896-[9o6: 9 Montgomery St,, Summer, 1901-May, 1906. 

Residents, Women 41. men 5. Volunteers. Women 77. men 2). 

HEAt> Resident. UIHan D. Wa!d, 189J-, 

UITOWN nurses' settlement 
232 East Seventy-ninth Street 

Established April. 1896. in a two-story house at 312 East Seventy-eighth 
Street, and moved in 1906 to 23a East Seventy-ninth Street. 

Netohbonhood. The East Side, The people are Bohemians, Hungarians, French, 
Irish, Jews, Germans, and Italians, There is much congestion, some poverty, and great 
need of social opportunity. 

Maintains nursing service; bank; woman's club; classes in calisthenics; story 
hour; dancing: clubs for young people and children; parties and entertainments. The 
house is primarily a home, and the work individual and intensive. The head worker it a 
member of the local school board and Charity Organization Society. 

Heau Residents. Jennie Whitelaw, 1896-1901 ; Susan Bishop, 1901-190J; 
Margaret Anderson, 1905-. 

862 Cauldwell Avenue 
Established October, 1906. in an apartment. 

Neighborhood. The Bronx, a residerttial quarter of people of the lower middle 
class living in apartments or small wooden houses. 

Maintains. The medical service is the most important, people being very glad 
to pay for the nursing service. Much social work is done with individuals, and tHrough 


There is a woman's dub and much informal friendlitii 
a member of ihe Charily Ofganizalion Society. 
Head Resident. Harriet Chichester, r9o6-. 

The head worker 


Center, 305 West Sixtieth Street ^^M 

Established December, 1906. in a neighborhood flat. ^ 

NeicHBOftHooD. The neighborhood is a residential quarter of boarding houses 
The people are Irish and Negroes. 

s nursing service (begun in 1905); penny provident bank; circulating 
library; classes in city history, folk dancing, carpentry, domestic science and sewing; 
men's civic dub; playground and social clubs for all ages and with various aims. Summer 
Worh. — Open air playground. 

Former Locations. 154 W. 63nd St., 190J ff; 3;^ W. fiind St.. May, 
Nov., 190S; 305 W. 60th St., Nov., 1908-. 
Head Worker. Miss Minton. 


Literature, t. AuTHonrzED Articles. Frequent articles in American Journal 
of Nursing — Henry Street Settlement Journal, i. No. r . Set oJio; The Trained Norse. 
N. Y., Lakeside Publishing Co., 1897 — Kingsbury, Mary A.; Women in New York 
Settlements (Nurses' Settlements). Munic. Affairs, 11 : 458-463 (Sept., 1898) — Social 
Settlements. Bureau of Labor Statistics State of New York, Eighteenth Annual Report. 
[900. Part ii, pp. )}4-}40 — The Nurses' Settlement. Commons, vi. No. 68 (March, 
1903) — The Nurses' Settlement. Cbarilies, viii : 55 (Jan. 1 1, 190a) — Sayles. Mary B.: 
Settlement Workers and Their Work. Outlook. Ixxvlii. No. ; (Oct. t. 1904). II. Books 
AND Articles bv Residents. Darner, Anna: Amerienn Journal of Nursing. Occasional 
contributions. DaysonaFarm. Aug., 1908 — Dock, L. L.: Materia Medica for Nurses. 
N. Y.. G. P. Putnam, [890. The Nurses' Settlement in New York City. Nursing Rec. 
(London), Jan. 17, 1898. School Nurse Experiment in New York. Amer. Jour, of Nursing, 
Nov., 1902. History of Nursing, 3 vols. In collaboration with Miss A. M. Nutting. New 
York, C, P. Putnam, 1907. Hygiene and Morality. N. Y., G. P. Putnam, igro ^ Flex- 
ner, Mary; New Spirit in the Teaching of History. Educational Foundations, ]v.Tit, 1908 — 
Forte, Susan E.i Manual Training in Settlements. Commons, vli. No. 71 (June, 1901} — 
Kelley, Florence: Aims and Principles of the Consumers' League. Amtr. Journ.ofSociol., 
Nov., 1899 Child Labor Legislation. Ann. Amer. Acad, af Pol. and Soc. Set., xx Guly, 
1901). Child Labor Legislation. Charities, x : 67-69 (Jan. 17, [90)). Illiterate Children 
in the Great Industrial Slates. Charities, x : }55-3;7 (Apr. 4, 1903). Current Notes an 
Child Labor Laws. Cbarilies. x : 4;a-4;3 (May 2. 1903). An Effective Child Labor Law. 
Ann. Amer. Acad, of Pol. and Soc. Sci., xxl : 3 (May, igoj)- A Boy Destroying Trade. 
(The Glass Bottle Industry of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.) 
Cbarilies. xi : 15-19 (July 4. 1903). The Travesty of Christmas. Report on the Use and 
Abuse of Factory Inspection. Cbarilies, xi : 537-540 (Dec. 5. 1903). Institution- Fac- 
tories. Charities, xii : 234-337 (Mar. ;, 1904). The Sordid Waste of Genius. Charities, 
xii : 453-455 (May 7, 1904). Children and How Colorado Cares for Them. Commons, 
ix : 563-64 (1904). Has Illinois the Best Laws in the Country for the Protection of Chil- 
dren? Anur. Jour, of Soctai., Nov., 1904. Wanted: One More Standing Committee. 
CoNmoMi, ix : 477-479 (October, 1904). Some Ethical Gains Through Legislation, p. aoo 


N. v., MacMillan. 1904. Condition of the EnglLsh People in 1844, By Frederick Engels. 
Translated by Mrs, F. Kellcy. Scribners — Rogers. Una C: Amrr. Jour, q/ Nursing. 
Occasional Conlribulor on School Nursing. Nurses in Ihe Public Schools of New York 
Ciiy. Char, and CommoHi, »vj : 65-69 (Apr. 7. 1906). School Nursing in New York Cily. 
Univirsily Settltmtnt Studiti, June. [906 — Wald, Lillian D.; The Nurses' Seitlcment. 
Transactions Third Internationa! Congress, Sept., igoi. The Nurses' Settlement. /Imer. 
Jour, 0/ NuTsini. i : 1 (Oct., 1900) and ii : 8 (May, 1901). Treatment of Families in 
Which There is Sickness, /Imrr. Jour, of Nursing, May, 1904. Medical Inspection in 
Public Schools. AHit. Amir. Aiad. oj Pot. and Soc. Sci.. xxv : 88 (Mar., igoj). Under- 
nourished School Children. Cion'Jwj, xiii : 600 (Mar. as. 1905)- District Nursing. 
University SeltUmttU Studitt. Jan.. r9o6. The Henry Street Settlement, New York. Char. 
and Commons, xvi ; ji-41 {Apr. 7, 1906). In the Day's Work of the Settlement Nune. 
Char, and Commoni, xvi : 4J-44 (Apr. 7. 1906), Organiiation Amongst Working Women. 
Ann. Antcr. Acad, oj Pol. and Soc. Sci.. May, [906. The Feeding of the School Children. 
Cbar. and Commons. XX : )7l-)74 (June I). 1908). Educational Value and Social Signi- 
ficance of (he Trained Nurse in the Tuberculosis Campaign, Proceedings of International 
Congress on Tuberculosis, Washington. Oct,, 1908. Nursing — Vocation tor the Trained 
Woman. Boston Woman's Educational and Industrial Union, t9ro. Boarded-out 
Babies. Slate Charities Aid Association, 1907. Report of Mayor's Pushcart Commis- 
sion, N, Y. City, 1906 (Collaborator). Report of N. Y. Stale Immigration Commission. 
1909 (Collaborator), Plea for the Creation of a Federal Children's Bureau. Ann. Amir. 
Acad, of Pot. and Soc. Sci., Mar, 1909. The District Nurse's Contribution to the Reduc- 
tion of Infant Mortality. Amer. Acad, of Mtd. Bull,, Aug., 1910, The Construction Camps 
of the People (in collaboration with Miss F. Kellor). Sumey. xxiii : 449-465 {Jan. 1, 1910) ' 
— Waters. Yssabelta C; Visiting Nursing in the United States. N. Y., Charities Pub. 
Com,. 1909. 


518 East Sixteenth Street 

Established Marfh, 1909, by Annie W. Strathem "to teach homcmaking 
under tenement conditions, and to train girls to help at home willingly." 

Neickborhood. The people are Russians, Slavs, Hungarians, Italians. Germans 
and Irish, 

Activities. "For several years I have felt that the industrial training 
given lo tenement house girls in schools and clubs was not accomplishing what 
had been hoped; that often homes did not improve, and the girls continued selfish 
and inconsiderate toward the mother and younger members of the family. 
The work aims to demonstrate to the older girls how hard the mother works, as 
well as to teach the elements of homemaking. 

"The 'home' consists of a tenement of three rooms under charge of the 
' house mother.' who leaches how to cook and keep house. Four girls form the 
■family,' which is made up of one working girl, two grammar school girls, and 
one primary school child. All have tasks, such as can be done out of school and 
work hours. The work is arranged to give time for preparation of lessons and 
play for the school girls, and for some relaxation for the working girl. Inci- 
dental instruction is given in personal hygiene, the care of clothing, the arrange- 




iRcnt and care of furnishings, and household sanitation. Each group lives 
together for a week — when it is replaced by a new ' family.' The friendly relation 

"On Sunday. Wednesday and Friday evenings the little ones, from four 
years to grammar school age, come in for story hour and singing. On Monday 
evening the grammar school girls meet for a practical talk and social hour. 
Tuesday evening is given to the young working girls, who discuss problems, ask 
advice, and then spend a half hour chatting, singing, or playing games. On 
Thursday evenings we rent a room in the Hebrew Technical Building on Second 
Avenue, corner Fifteenth Street, for social gatherings of all our young people — 
girls and boys — thus retaining their interest and gaining influence." 

Summer IVork. — Daily excunions to the parks wilh a selected group of children; 
floweri from the National Plant, Flower and Fruit Guild. Any child under seven may 
enjoy the outings, or any child over seven accompanied by a younger child. 

Residents, Women a. Head Resident, Annie W, Sirathern. 

Literature. Pamphlets, Mothers' Helpers (Prospectus Nov. ao, 1908) Rej 
November, 1909, Sii also: Teaching Homemaking. Evettini Mail, May 17, 

Hudson Guild 

436-438 West Twenty-seventh Street (1908-) 
Established March, 1895, by John L. Elliott "to teach the ethics of social 
organization, and to help in preparing the people for American citizenship. 
First, it strives to make them ambitious to become economically independent 
and self-supporting. Second, it strives to make them co-operative in spirit, and 
self-governing. Third, it strives to inculcate a knowledge and a love of American 
principles and institutions." "The object of the guild is to help men and women 
and children in their work and play just as men and women and children; to 
lend a hand in time of distress; to organize and give cfTecliveness to the social 
instincts that exist in all men; to get the people of the district themselves to be 
social workers and the regenerators of their own neighborhood; to bring about 
active co-operation between different individuals in different classes in order 
to learn how to live in a city." Maintained by club dues, subscription and 
donations from the New York Society for Ethical Culture. 

Nelohbohmood. " The lower West Side in what was once Chelsea Village. The 
people are largely Irish and German, though there are Jews. Italians, and Swedes. Educa- 
tion is rare. The people have no defmile standards for living and are rather the sort that 
simply trail along doing what everybody else does. The least objectionable in neighbor- 
hood standard* are poor and pitiful, never by any chance challenging the finer sides of 
their natures, it is every man for himself; there are no heroes beyond a successful boxer 
or ball player. Perhaps the chief diflicully is unwillingness lo think things out. It is 
only when the people are forcefully stimulated Ib.-it Ihey will consent to study a problem; 
and when after a long prodding we find that Ihey are willing to assume the initiative we are 
proud as of a great victory. " 

Activities. Instrumental in securing the fine public park and playground 
which faces its building. Has worked hard to secure the removal of the New 



Yorit Central tracks on Tenth Avenue, so far without success. Through its clubs 
council secured provision for athletics in the neighborhood park; killed a peti- 
tion to prohibit base ball playing; and endeavors to remedy bad hygienic and 
housing conditions, etc. 

A great contribution of the guild has been its working out of the guild 
principle as set forth by Stanton Coit. " The guild attempts to get people to 
work for better conditions in such a way that the finer human relations, such as 
neighborliness and fraternity, may be evolved out of the work. It believes that 
not only the possession of advantages but the experience and interest that come 
from working for advantages are to be prized. To get the people of a neighbor- 
hood to care for the children of that neighborhood in their play, education, 
and health; to get the citizens of a tuberculosis infected district to fight that 
disease, and to care for those already afBicted, and to protect those yet free from 
it; to create the demand for and to secure the establishment of public places 
for amusement, education, and conference so that in time the tenement houses 
and the streets and all conditions of living may be bettered, — these are typical 
of the guild's aims. To create this kind of activity two things are needed: 
the individual who is enlightened and progressive, and the group educated in 
the practice of working together for social ends. Every attempt is made to 
help and stimulate the individual who comes to the guild. . . . The chief 
reliance is placed on what might be called slory-tclling. Beginning with the 
little ones in the library and ending with the older men of the house there is for 
each age and group a series of stories, biographies, histories and dramas. These 
are selected not with the idea of teaching history or literature but for the purpose 
of throwing light upon and creating interest about the problems that the various 
groups are meeting. The dominant note is the spiritual side of social reform. 

" In group work the purpose is to train individuals in the aims and practices 
of co-operative enterprises. While every community depends on fine individuals 
for its advancement, it will also be benefited if the rank and file of its members 
are in the habit of working together in a good way for fine things. The attempt 
is made to have every club do something for the house or for the commun- 
ity. ... At first social enterprises are set going in the club, then in the 
house, then in the neighborhood, then in the city. The guild purposes not to put 
one person doing one thing but attempts to be the yeast which starts the social 
rising. It believes that in every one there is the making of a good citizen, and 
the best way to make him a good citizen is to bring him into contact with others 
doing social work and enlist his sympathies so that he may learn through doing. 

" The guild as constituted is governed by three co-ordinate bodies: trus- 
tees, representing generally friends and contributors; workers, representing those 
who have dedicated their lives to social service and are the real dynamic force 
of the work; and the council, which represents the people in the neighborhood. 
The trustees, who, in the last analysis, are the parties charged with the responsi- 
bility of the permanence of the work, leave the actual operation of the activities 
of the guild house to those who are fitted for such work. They may suggest 
policies but the practical application of their ideas is often modified and always 




put into execulion by the two olher co-ordinate bodies. For fifteen years they 
have followed a plan of conference with all parties. Where at times the people 
in the neighborhood have not been participants in the work, interest on their 
part has (lagged and the danger of mutual irritation was engendered. Through 
the years, however, there has come a better policy and more trustful spirit 
which is perhaps the thing to be most prized at the Hudson Guild; those in 
different classes, employers and employed, those having different degrees of 
education and culture, working side by side for common aims. It is impossible 
to trace this development through dates and in various localities. It has been 
a light slowly coming, but it has brought with it a faith in democracy and sense 
of fraternity that is far and away the best of any contribution that may have 
been made. 

" The Clubs' Cduncil. The Clubs' Council of Hudson Guild has been a 
success because real power has been placed in its hands; the power to do things 
which interest club members. The Council is composed of representatives 
from all the evening clubs using the house, and also elects the house court, which 
represents the judiciary. Many philanthropic organizations bring their bene- 
ficiaries together and make a pretense at self-government but keep all real 
authority out of the people's hands. The Clubs' Council has the power and 
self-developing capacity to be the legislative body of the neighborhood house; 
and through its committees has the executive functions as well. To convince 
the members that they were to have a real power in the house and to give them 
training in this very necessary branch of education the council was given the 
function of apportioning rents of the clubs and collecting these rents; and is 
held responsible for paying bills amounting to above fifteen hundred dollars a 
year. These bills cover the entire lighting and heating, the janitor supplies, 
and incidental repairs and breakage. Holding the house members responsible 
for meeting this expenditure makes them naturally much more careful about 
waste and anxious to make as advantageous contracts as possible for coal, gas, 
and electricity. Certain articles of the constitution follow: 

" Article I. Sec. t. Ltgislalitie OepaHmml. All legislative powers for the house 
herein granted shall be vested In the Clubs' Council of the Hudson Guild, which shall be 
a representative body. 

"Article il. Sec, r. Mode of Passing RuUs. Every measure which shall have 
passed the Council shall before it becomes a law be presented to the head worker of the 
Hudson Guild; if he approve he shall sign it, but if nol he shall return it with his objeelions 
to the Council, and if after further consideiatlon two-thirds of all the members of the Coun- 
cil agree to pass the measure it shall become a law. 

"Article III. Sec i. Pauvn of tbt Council . To asiign rooms, to apportion 
and colteci house rents, to regulate inierclub affairs and the relations of the house with 
other neighborhood houses, to establish a uniform rule for the passing of a member from 
one dub to another, to promote educational work, to provide means of athletic exercise 
and entertainment, to undertake and encourage improvements in the neighborhood. lo 
establish a court in the house, to make house rules, to suspend or expel any club, to grant 
or take away privileges from any club. 

"Article IV. Sec. I. Dutia of tbt Htad ft'orktr. He shall, from time to time, 


give information to Ihe Council about the state of the house and recommend for iti con- 
sideration such measures as he shati deem necessary and enpedieni. Sec. a. The Coun- 
cil may al any t[me by a two-thirds vote impeach the head worker. 

" There is much talk these days about self-government and democracy. 
Probably the best people in the community are not able to govern themselves 
any too well: however, there is this in common among all people that they 
get more out of self-government in the long run. or al least participating in 
self-government, than they do out of any other form of management. The 
Guild does not claim that it has a perfect form of government for a neighbor- 
hood house; it is trying to learn those methods and to acquire the virtue and 
skill which will make self-government more and more possible and an ever 
greater reality. The work of the Guild is an attempt at self-education and 
self-government. It is a lesson which cities, states, and the nation itself have 
only partially learned. Through the medium of parties and politicians the peo- 
ple, and particularly the poor people, have been almost entirely divorced from 
any participation in government, and this points great danger in the future. 
The Guild is trying to give such powers to and develop such responsibility 
in its club members that they will be able and willing to take a really useful 
part not only in the house but in Ihe neighborhood and city as well. 

'■ The District CommiUee. — The District Committee is made up of residents 
in neighboring tenement blocks who act as guardians for their locality, it is 
composed not only of house members but also of those not belonging to clubs 
who will render any service whatsoever. Each member is responsible for his or 
her block, reporting the cases of illness, want, unsanitary conditions, etc., 
through the chairman of the committee. The fact that the Guild members 
have an intimate knowledge of the neighborhood is a great help, and the "block 
system" has made it possible to know every family in certain areas. The com- 
mittee ttirns to various city departments, organized philanthropies and the 
volunteer assistance of professional men to aid it in solving the problems of the 
individual and the district. The good will of the neighbors has been enlisted 
in helping one another; some assistance has been given in securing employment; 
a beginning has been made in enlisting the district in a campaign against tuber- 
culosis; and the people are increasingly applying neighborhood initiative to 
Ihe problem of bad housing and sanitation. The District Committee spends 
several hundred dollars a year in carrying out its program. To this fund about 
half the clubs contribute voluntarily; some of the afternoon boys' clubs taking 
great interest in the district work and never neglecting their monthly donation 
of fifty cents. The committee wishes to help people to help each other, to create 
neighborly spirit, to break down indifference. It wants to organize, strengthen 
and encourage the interest the poor have for the poor; to help them to look 
beyond their own door-sills toward the neighbor who has less; to realize that 
to give to others of themselves is perhaps the greatest happiness." (Condensed 
from "The Hudson Guild, 1910.") 

Maintains kindergarten: public library and reading room; publishes Cbelsta 
(monthly); savings bank; nursing service (especially for babies); a milk fund for tuber- 



cular children; baths; employment; festivals; dramatics; athletic association; dancu; 

entertainments; printing shop; civil service classes for tnen; classes (or boys in carpentry, 
sloyd. English, city history and music; classes for giris in sewing, embroidery, cooking. 
housekeeping, music, help in studies: club organization; ilory Celling; gymnasium; danc- 
ing: graduate kindetgarlen. Summer iVork. — Open house, including conlinuous club and 
classwork; distribution of flowers; window box gardening: picnics, outings, etc; vacationi 
at (he summer campof the Ethical Society (Felicia), and various vacation parties of women 
and young people, in co-operation with Tribune Fresh Air work. Summer baby dinic; 
nursing work; medical and educational work in Chthia. 

Locations, Initial — ^West Twenty-fifth Street; i%i and 354 W. a6th St, 
REsmENTs. Women 9, men 4, Volunteers. Women 69, men i. Head Resi- 
dent, John Lovejoy Elliott, Ph.D., 1895- 

Literature. AuTHOktiED Statements. Pamphlets, to be obtained by addressing 
the Guild — Report, igro (contains history). See also: Cbtliea. A Neighborhood Paper 
(published monthly), Vol. i, No, 1 {1907) — Baker, Ray Stannard: The Failh of the 
Unchurched. American M., Sept., 1909, p. 4)9 IT. Hudson Guild's Success and Its New 
Quarters. Cbar. and CommoHi, xix : tW5--936 (Oct. 19, 1907), 

Italian School of tke Children's Aid Society 

[55 North Street 

Established 1909, by the Children's Aid Society, as an outgrowth of the 
work of the old House of Industry, to be "a school and social center." 

Neighborhood. " Five Points" takes in also Baxter. Mulberry. Mott. Elizabeth, 
Cherry. Roosevelt, Pearl, Centre, Franklin, Leonard, and Canal Streets; Park Row and 
City Hall Place, The people are largely Italians. 

Maintains day school; library; classes in cooking, gymnastics, printing, carpentry, 
power machine, dressmaking, sign painting, cobbling, embroidery, millinery, typewriting, 
English and Italian, stenography: clubs for young men; giris' clubs. 

Residents, Women i. Non-Residents, Women )o, men ro. Volunteei 
Women 4, men j. Head Resident. (Mrs.) Louisa E, Weygandt. 1909-. 

Literature. Authorized State.mehts. Apply Superintendent of Schi 
Children's Aid Society, lo; East asnd Street — The Italian House at the Five Point 

Jacob A. Riis Neighborhood Settlement (Center) 

(Formeriy Tenement House Chapter of King's Daughters and the King's Daughtef«*j 

48 (1898-) and 50 (1901 and 1906-) Henry Street. Summer House, Jacob 
Riis Fresh Air Home, Twin Island, City Island P. O., New Y< 

Established 1892 as the outgrowth of a flower mission and relief work or- 
ganized by Jacob A, Riis in the summer of 1890 under the King's Daughters and 
Sons "to supplement the work of the summer corps of physicians of the board of 
health by supplying such nursing, diet, hospital and fresh air privileges as were 
not in their power to provide." Incorporated December, 1894, as the "New 
York Tenement House Chapter of the King's Daughters and Sons"; in 1898 as 
the " King's Daughters' Settiement"; in 1903 as the "Jacob A, Riis Settlement." 

Neichborhood. The lower East Side. The people are of Irish and Jewbh 





Activities. Mr. Riis has been one of the most powerful factors in bringing 
about the change of public attitude toward the East Side, and in securing belter 
housing, more play space, and greater public social opportunities. Co-operates 
with its neighbors in bringing to the attention of the public authorities viola- 
tions of provisions of sanitation, etc. 

Maintains two kindergartens; relief work: penny provident bank; clothing bu- 
reau; roof garden; pi ay space: playroom; game and reading rooms; classes in cooking, 
sewing, homemaklng, dressmaking, music, carpentry, city history, gymnasium; alhletic 
association and athtelic events; clubs for men and women, young people and children; 
enterlainmenls, socials, lectures, etc. Sumnur Work. — Roof garden; informal club work; 
flower distribution; vacations at the country house. Twin Island (co-operation of city of 
New York); in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies: picnics and excursions, etc. 

Former Locations. Basement of Mariners' Temple. Summer, 1890; 91 Madison 
St., Apartment. 1S91; 77 Madison St., 1891, Gymnasium built and plant remodeled, 

Volunteers. Women 44. men la. Head Worker. Jennie Dewey Heath, 
1890-1691; Charlotte A. Waterbury. 1892-1896: Alice C. Mayer. 1S96-1899; Charlotte 
A, Waterbury, 1899-. 

Literature. [. Authorized Statements, Reports and pamphlets issued by 
settlement. See especially that of 1901 — Yearbooks 189a fT.; Mar., 190J; Mar, 1906; 
Jan., 1907; 1906-7; 1907-8 — Kill Houit Echo. Vol. I, No, 1 (March, igio). 5« also: 
Tbi Commons. Sepl.. i8g6 — Bureau of Labor Statistics Slate of New York. Eighteenth 
Annual Report, 1900, Part II. pp. 3a&-3a9 — Riis, Jacob A.: Jacob A. Riis Neighborhood 
Settlement. On/too*, Ixxvii : ii (Nov. 11, 1904) — To our Supporters. Pamphlet. 12 pp. 
Issued by House 1908. II, Articles or Social Studies by Residents or DrstcTORS, 
Riis, Jacob A,: How the Other Half Lives, III, N, Y„ Scribner's, 189a, Children of the 
Poor. Ill, N. Y., Scribner's, 189), $2.50, A Ten-Year War Boston. Houghton and 
Mifflin. 1900. The Making of an American. N. Y.. Macmillan, 1901. jLi,oo. The Battle 
With the Slum, dmrcbomn, Oct. la, 1901. Silhouclles from the Slums. Cut. Lit., Nov.. 
1903. A Burglar's Story. CbariUcs, xii ; 78-S) (July 15. 1903). The Island Playgrounds 
of the Future. Cbaritiii, xi : ao; -107 (Sept. ;, 190;), The Case of the House of Refuge. 
CbarUiti, xi : a8 (July 4, 1903), What Settlements Stand For, Outlook, txxxix ; 69-71 
(May 9. 190S), Set alio: Kellogg, Paul U.: What Jacob Kiis and a I'housand Boys Are 
Up To. Cbar. snJ Commons, xvii ; 167-170 (Oct. a?, 1906). 

Lenox Hill Settlement 

{Formerly Normal College Alumnae Settlement. 1894-1911) 
444 (i9o4)-446 (1894) East Sevenly-second Street 
Established October. 1894, by the AiumnieofNormal College as a develop- 
ment of a kindergarten and certain forms of social work growing out of it. "Nor- 
mal College Alumnse House exists for the mutual benefit of its neighbors and the 
students and graduates of the Normal College. Its purpose is to give social 
expression to democracy; so to study its neighborhood as to gain insight into its 
best life and its special needs, and, as a result of this study to stimulate self-help 
and co-operation, and wisely to lead and share the movement of the neighborhood 
toward civic consciousness and righteousness." Incorporated March 6. 191 1. 


Neigh BO RHOoo. "AlumnK House \% in the hear! of Bohetnian New York. Ou 
neighbors are not physically weak like Ihe poor Hebrews who have come from the ghettos 
ot Europe, nor illiterate like Ihe poor llalian peasants, bulstrong, healthy men and women, 
nearly all oF whom can read and write. They have halls of their own, numerous benefit 
societies and a distinct social life, so that we find here a small Bohemian city with a popula- 
tion of 10,000, which has curiously little to connect it with American New York, We dis- 
covered this summer that some of the working girls had never seen Ihe Dewey Arch. The 
peoplekeep to themselves, use the Bohemian tongue in their homes, and send their children 
lo afternoon classes, so that they may learn to read and speak Bohemian correctly. In 
this foreign neighborhood a settlement has peculiar opporiunllles for usefulness." 

AcTtviTiES. The usual civic supervision, working partly through its 
women's club and civic club. Co-operates with the public schools, making can- 
vasses when necessary to insure attendance. Made several studies of the con- 
ditions in the tobacco factories where many young Bohemian girls work, and is 
carrying on a study of occupations of children between fourteen and sixteen 
years of age. Kindergarten has been taken over by the Public School. Has 
been fortunate in securing an unusual degree of neighborhood co-operation and 
good will. 

Maintains kindergarten; library; savings: music (piano); classes In English for 
men and women, sewing, embroidery, Bohemian indusliy, cooking, brass work, painting, 
basketry, corrective gymnastics, folk dancing: clubs for literary, civic, dramatic and 
social ends: Sunday concerts. S-ummfr IVork. — Play hour; open house, etc. The House 
secured (190S) an A. I. C. P. Milk Depot for its quarter. Excursions and picnics, vacations 
in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Residents. Women 5. Volunteers. Women ag, men 6, Head Residents. 
Mary A. Wells, Oct., rS^-Apr,, 1898: Dr. Annie L. Langworthy, Apr, 1898-May, 1899; 
Clara Byrnes, May, 1899-May, 1900: Dr. Jane E, Robbins, May, 1900-May, 1904; (Mrs.) 
Mary Anderson Hill, May, 1904-Apr., 1907: Alice P. Gannett. Oct., 1907-. 

Lltsrature. Authorized Stat-ements. Sit also: Normal College Alumnx 
House. Elbical Ric, Vol. I, No. 2. Normal College Alumnx House, Clara Byrnes in 
special issue of Alumna: News, April. 1899 — Bureau of L^bor Statistics Slate of New 
York. Eighteenth Annual Report, 1900. Part ii, pp. 307-)i3 — Alumna Settlement 
House. CoBtiHONi, vi. No. 68 (Mar., 1901) — Sayles, Mary B.: Settlement Workers and 
Their Work. 111. Oallook. Ixuviii : }o4-3i i (Oct. i, 1904). A Harvest Festival. Chat. 
and Commons, xvii : 57; (Dec. ag, 1906). Arhcles by ReS[dents. Robbins, Jane E,: 
Chautauqua's Social Settlement Week, Commoni,\\i, No. 7) (Aug., 1903). The Bohemian 
Women in New York. Ciar;(i>(. jtiii : i94-r96{Dec. j, 1904). What a Boys' Club Teaches. 
Commons, ix : 374-176 (June, 1904). 

Music School Settlement ^ 

51 {1909), 55 (1904) Third Street. Vacation House, Newfoundland, N. J-^1 
FoUNDEo April, 1904. " In 1894, Emilie Wagner gathered together a few 
children in the room of a Bowery IVlission, for the purpose of teaching them to 
play on the piano and violin. Her success attracted the attention of women 
interested in the College Settlement and she was offered rooms belonging to the 
settlement at 95 and later 96 Rivington Street, where the work developed rapidly. 
In 1899 the Woman's Auxiliary of the University Settlement asked Miss Wagner 

NEW rORK »9 

to supervise work of a similar nature. Although Miss Wagner's classes bore 
the name Music School of the College and University Settlements, they were 
at no time maintained by these settlements, but by funds contributed through 
the efforts of the women's committees. As the work outgrew the rooms 
provided by the two settlement committees, the committees united in 1900, 
establishing the classes in a small house at )i Rivington Street. In 1903. with 
the work still growing and expenses increasing, it seemed best to sever all con- 
nection with the two settlements, and to form a separate board of management. 
This was done and the society of the Music School was incorporated in 1903." 
Aims: "The school is not primarily an effort to make a musician out of anyone 
who may wander in, nor is it an attempt to thrust music education upon those 
who neither care for it nor have talent for it. It appeals to those who, desiring 
to procure that cultural training which comes from well-directed music study, are 
limited in their opportunity to secure it. By providing excellent instruction in 
all branches of music and well-organized courses of study, as well as the oppor- 
tunity to hear and to participate in good music, the School offers a unique ad- 
vantage to a great number of adults and children, who cannot otherwise secure 
it. The principal aim then is to permit those who love music to find means for 
self-expression in it, to stimulate love for it, to place it in the home as a cultural 
investment of the best kind; to assist all those who enter the School as students 
to gain this valuable life possession and to lead no one astray into the profession 
of music who is not gifted with sufficient talent and industry to accomplish the 
long-continued necessary work which such a choice of profession imposes." 

Neighborhood. The lower East Side. The pupils are Russians, Germans, 
Roumanians, Italians, Hungariani, English, Irish, etc. 

Maintains music library; book library; orchestra; junior orchestra; instruclbn 
in piano, violin, cello, harmony, theory ensemble, voice, choral work; numerous recitals, 
concerts, lectures on musical subjects, etc. The social work includes much neighborhood 
and other visiting; penny provident bank; medical work; employment; clubs interested In 
debating, city history, civics, art and literature; dances and socials. Summir Work. — 
Playground and garden; picnics and excursions; vacations at the vacation house and in 
coHiperation with Fresh Air agencies. 

FoRMEK Locations. Chatham Sq„ 1894; College Settlement, 95 and 96 Riving- 
ton St.; University Settlement, Jan.. 1899; 42 Orchard St., Fill, 1900: 31 Rivington St., 
Fall, 1901. For several years the house maintained a branch at Union Settlement. 

Residents. Women 6. Head Residents (social work). Emilie Wagner. Nov.. 
1894-1904; (Mrs.) Mary Wines, 1904-1905; Eleanor J. Crawford, 1905-. Musical Di- 
BEtn'OR. Thomas Tapper, T907-1909; David Mannes, 1909-. 

Literature. Autkoriied Statements. College Settlement Report, 189;, p. i3; 
1896, p. 18; 1899, p. 17; 1900; 1901 — University Settlement Report. March. 1901 — 
Reports of the Music School Settlement for 1903-3; 1903-4: 1904-5; 1905-6; 1906-7; 
1907-8; 1908-9 — Numbers of Music School Quarterly, No. 1, Dec. 1$. 1906; No. a, 
April, 1907 — Pamphlets. Outlining eourjes of study, etc., etc. Ste also: Gilder, Rich- 
ard Watson: Art Brought Into the Lives of Wage Earners (New York Music School 
Settlement). Cbarilies, xiii 1417-430 (Feb. 4, 1905) — Mighels. P. V.: Music School 
Settlement. Warf^r's Af,, iii ; 83a (Nov.. 1905) — Tapper, Thomas: Music and the East 
Side Children. Outlook. Feb. aa, 190S, p. 436 IT. — Potter, Mary K.: Perhaps Joachims 
ToBe. Boston rrdMCfi^iMar. 30, igio. 





People's Three Art School (Center) 

24oH Houston Sireet 
Founded April, 1907, by Emilie Wagner (who began the Music SetUema 
in New York City) "to enable children specially talented in music, art, and tf 
drama to secure a good education at the smallest financial expenditure." 
Lower East Side. 
:s classes in violin, cello, piano, singing, harmony, orchetira, dramatici, 
and painting. 

Former Locations. 68 Norfolk Street, April 1907-S; 140-143 Orchard Street. 
April 1908-1910. 

Head Worker. Emilie Wagner, Apr, 1907 ((ounded Music School In 1894). 
literature. Pipesof Pan, Vol. I, No, i (Dec.. 1908). Published at the seitlemeni. 

Social Centers 


Political EguALiTV Association 

84 East 1 nth Street 
Established Januar>-, 1910, by Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont and Nettfc 
A. Podell "for neighborhood work, and propaganda for equal suffrage." Main- 
tained by the Political Equality Association. 
Neighborhood. The upper East Side; a densely populated lenement quarter. 
The people are largely Jews and Italians. 
Maintains library and reading room; classes in embroidery, basketry, folk dancing, 
public speaking, civics, city history; current events; literary and debating societies; 
dances: weekly meetings to discuss equal suffragt 
Volunteers. Women 1, men 5. SupERiNTEwnENT. Nettie A, Podell, igiu-. 
Literature. The Political Settlement. Sunty, xxiv : 379-180 {May 14, igio). 


196 East Broadway 

Established May 11, 1910. continuing the League organized at the Davii 
sonSchool (J07 Henry Street) on December 29, 1909. Affiliated with the Polil 
ical Equality Association, February a;, 1910. 

Neichborhood, Lower East Side (heart of the Ghetto). 

Maintains bi-weekly luffragemeelings (in-doorand □ut'.door): library; d; 
public speaking, citizenship, current topics, practical sociology, dancing, and music; fort- 
nightly concerts and informal receptions; afternoon clubs for children. Sunmtr ifork. — 
Excursions, swimming class, and trips. 

Organizer. Bertha Ryshpan, J910-. 

Recreation Rooms and Settlement ■ 

186 and 188 Chrystie Street 
Established 1899, by the Council of Jewish Women, "to provide a place 
where young women can spend their evenings amid wholesome surroundings." 




"Although our main energies have always been devoted to evening work, we 
have from the first thrown open our rooms lo little girls in the afternoons, and 
asked mothers and fathers ... to our parents' meetings, and we have . 
. . . established a club for young men, . . . we are lootted upon as part 
of the family life of the neighborhood," ([905.) 

Neighborhood. "The neighborhood hn undergone a gradual change in its needs 
and nationality since the house was operted. 1 1 was then almost entirely Jewish, but many 
of the more prosperous lamilies, and the younger generation as Ihey have married have 
moved to the suburbs, and in the places left vacant, the newly arrived Italian immigrants 
have come, and they are crowding the Jews out." 

Maintains. "Fully as important as the routine work which the settlement carries 
on. is the hope that through these agencies and not because of them, we can set a better 
standard of living and civic responsibility. In order to counteract some of the influence of 
the neighborhood dance halls our associated clubs are running a series of weekly dances 
property supervised and meeting to a large extent the recreational needs of many of our 
young men and women, 

"We have organized a group of mothers, who we hope will act as a co-operative 
body, and in thai way will make a closer bond between the parents, the children and the 

"We realize our limitations in trying to be a neighborhood force in an immigrant 
group where the overcrowding is so great, but we pursue our work in the house with no 
less vigor. We cannot hope 10 re-create the life of this neighborhood, but we can offer an 
attractive center where the young people can meet and where our classes in sewing, em- 
brmdery, millinery, cooking, housekeeping, dancing and story telling, and our girls, boyi 
and young women's dramatic, history, literary, social, and civic clubs, our library, play- 
ground and game room, and a course of lectures and concerts, are meeting a real present 

FoRjiiEX Locations. 76 Orchard Si. Residents. Women 4. Volunteers. 
Women J9, men 11, Head Residents. Dr. Bertha F- Lubitz; Anna Reed, igicr-. 
Literature. Year Books. 

Richmond Hill House 

(Formerly West Side Branch of the University Settlement, Nov., ]9oo-June. 190)) 
28 McDougal Street (1902-). Residents' Flat, 162 Sullivan Street (1905-) 
Established November, 1900, by the University Settlement Society, "for 
the good of the neighborhood, the Americanizing of the Italians and the study of 
their industrial, social and educational problems." In June, 1903, the council 
of the University Settlement decided to discontinue the work; and in September 
an independent association was formed of members of the council and residents, 
which renamed the work The Richmond Hill House. Incorporated November. 

Neighborhood. "There is a large increase in 
due to the increase of six story tenements built on Ihi 
few yean ago. The district is now completely Italian 
coming from north and central I la!y. The strong 



the population of the neighborhood 
■ sites of the three story houses of a 
, the chief portion of the population 
feeling that exists in I taly between 

of different provinces and which usually persists after their arrival i 
itry is forgotten when they meet in the settlement." (1907.) 



Activities. Has rendered service in keeping up sanitary standards. 
Had a part in securing advanced child labor legislation, in retaining the 
essentia) features of the tenement house law, in enforcing factory, sanitary and 
the compulsory school laws. Secured kindergartens for its district, and was 
instrumental in bringing about the opening of an afternoon play center. A study 
of the artistic handicrafts commercially possible for Italians led to the develop- 
ment of "La Scuolad' Industrie Italians," a school of fme lace making, now self- 
supporting and independent. 

Maintains kindergarten; resident district nunc and first aid room; savings: 
library: exhibit of paintings: classes in carpentry, wood carving, clay modeling, drawing, 
sewing, bead work, and folk dancing: clubs for women, young people and children with 
dramatic, social and literary aims: dances, parties, socials and entertain men Is. Summer 
Wori.— Backyard playground; camp (Long Island) for young men and boys; baths for 
children: flower distribulions; vacations through Fresh Air agencies. 

Former Location. 38 King St., Nov., 1900-1903. 

Residents. Women 7. Volunteebs. Women 13, men 4. Head Residents. 
(Mrs.) Edith Thomas. 1900-1901: (Mrs,)R. Y. Fitz-Gcrald, 1901-1904; (Mrs.) Elizabeth 
Holmes Haight, 1904-190;; Elizabeth R. Barthelow, and Elizabeth Ramer, [90;-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. University Settlement Reports, 1901- 
190a — Richmond Hill House Report. May, 1904. 1905, 1906, 1907. 1909, Set also: 
West Side Branch of the University Settlement, Commons, Nov., 1903, p. 1; — ScuoU. 
d'lndustrie luliane. Cbar. and Ccmmons, xv : iia Qan. 20, 1906}. ^iU 

Riverside House ^^1 

259 (1893-) West 69th Street. Residents' apartments. 233 West 68th Street 
(Oct., 1910-), 231 Westeglh Street (Dec, 1910-) 

Established January, 189a, by Harvey E. Fish and others, as a club for 
boys and girls, and developed into a neighborhood center. Aims "to develop 
and maintain a center of good influence in the neighborhood." Incorporated 
1893. Maintained by the income of baths and by subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. Upper West Side, a mixed factory and tenement quarter. The 
people, once Irish and German, are in large part Italian. 

Activities. Turned over its library (begun in 1894) to the New York 
Free Library Association in 1898, The building at 259 West Sixty-ninth Street 
(erected 1893) was equipped with a system of cleansing and remedial baths, and 
for many years this form of social service has been carried on under the leader- 
ship of Dr. Simon Baruch. In the general city agitation for free baths Dr. 
Baruch has been a powerful factor, and the Riverside equipment has served as a 
model and object lesson. 

MAiNTAiNspublicbalhs; kindergarten; penny provident bank; classes in cooking, 
sewing, embroidery, shirtwaist making, folk dancing, English for Italians, literature, 
dramatics, basketry, gymnastics, piano and chorus, play hour: clubs foryoung women and 
girls, young men and boys; socials, entertainments, etc. Sammer H^ork. — Roof garden, 
picnics and excursions. 

Former Locations. 50 West End Ave., Jan., 1892-1893; 261 W. egih St., 1897- 


Residents. Women 2. Volunteeiis. Women 14. men j. Head Residents. 
Mf. Comstock, iS^a-tSge; John F. Harold. 1896-1900; S. G. Lindholm, 1900-1905; 
Mr. Guthrie, 1905-1906; Helen M. Hall, 1906-FaII, 1910; Jeanne Cassard, 1910-. 

Literature. Authorized Articles. Annual reports, pamphlets and drculats. 
Set alio: Betti, Lillian W.; New York's Social Selllements (Riverside Assodation). 
OiUlooi, li : 684 (Apr. 37, 1895} — Bureau of Labor Statistics, Slate of New York. Eigh- 
teenth Annual Report. 1900. Part U, pp. 339-334 ~ Group Clubs of Boys. Commoni, 
July, .897. 

Speyer School Settlement 
94 Lawrence Street 

Established in 1903, by Columbia University through Ihe gift of 
James Speyer. long connected with the University Settlement, " to offer exem- 
plary' elementary education. In this respect, it furnishes to the students of 
Teachers' College, opportunity for observation and practice, and for the various 
departments of that inslitulion it supplies a field for working out advanced 
methods of instruction. The school endeavors, further, to interest all the 
members of the families represented in the broader phases of education. By ad- 
vanced classes, clubs and open meetings, it strives to make the schoolhouse a 
social center for the entire neighborhood. These supplementary features are 
called "extension work.'" 

Neighborhood. The school is in Manhaltanville on the upper West Side. The 
people arc largely of Irish and German extraction, wilh a sprinkling of other immigrant 

Activities. The experiment has shown what the social use of the public 
school might very well mean. 

Maintains in addition to the model school of the Teachers' College, a library and 
reading room, resident nurse, penny provident bank, daily play hour, gymnasium; classes 
in garment making, cooking and housekeeping, milllneiy, embroidery, home nursing and 
hygiene, gymnastics, dancing, business English; clubs for women, young people and chil- 
dren; free lectures monthly, various entertainments, etc. 

Residents. Women to. Volunteers. Thirty college students use the school 
as a practice field — hardly "volunteers." Head Residents. Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Burkes. 
i903-r90}; ErnesI Farrington. 190J-1904; Mr. and Mrs. Howard Woolston, 1904-1906; 
Bailey B. Burritt, 1906-1907; Amy Schussler, [907-, 

Literature. Authoriied Statements, Teacbtrs' ColUgc Rec,, Nov., 190a; 
Jan., 1903; June, 1904 — Speyer News, passim. Stealso: Settlement and School in New 
Combination, Commom. vi. No. 68 (Mar., 190J) -- Speyer School, New York City. 
Commom, ix : 338 Only. '904) — The Social Work of the Schools. Char, and Commons, 
XV : 347 (Nov. 18. 1905) — Woolston, Florence: A Fraternity of Wage-Earning Girls. 
Ciflf. and Commons, xv : 89a (Mar. 17, 1906). 

The Teachers' House 
9 Montgomery Street 
Established, 1906, by Julia RJchman, district superintendent of public 
schools. "The Teachers' House is not a settlement. It is not open to the 


neighborhood. It is a social center Tor the teachers of the day or evening schools 
of the neighborhood. It was established in order lo demonstrate the following 
theories: i. Thai ihe school is the natural social center of a congested district. 
2. That ihe teacher is the natural social worker in such a district. 3. That the 
teacher is responsible for the detection of all social as well as mental and physical 
needs of the individual child in her charge, 4. That the school through its 
teachers must extend its socializing influence into the homes, so as to remove all 
influences lending to interfere with Che best development of the child." 

Activities. "The residents, besides Miss Richman, originally were all 
teachers in the neighboring schools. Later three social workers were admitted 
to residence. Two of these workers are special home and school visitors, and 
one is a placement agent, who finds suitable employment for Ihe boys and girls 
leaving the schools of Ihe district to become wage-earners. Occasionally, 
employment is found for an adult whose children are suffering because of non- 
employment of the wage-earner of the family. 

"Social life in the house takes the form of conferences of groups of princi- 
pals or teachers or other educators for the purpose of devising new means for 
bettering child-life; of social gatherings of large groups of teachers; of small 
dinner or luncheon parties; and of receptions to enable principals to meet 
individual educators of note. A tremendous amount of good feeling toward 
school officials has developed among the teachers due to the intimacy of such 
social intercourse. 

"No service is required of residents excepting at the time of social gather- 
ings. Committees of teachers or principals look after Ihe details of the social 
functions. After four years of existence the general results achieved are these: 
I. The establishment of most cordial relations among the entire teaching 
force of the district. 2. A keen reatization on the part of the individual teacher 
as to his or her social obligations to the children and to the neighborhood. 
J, The development and extension of a beautiful social spirit in school work, 
resulting in the recognition of the rights and needs of the individual child. 
4. The introduction or extension of many school reforms making for child 
betterment — chief among them being: 

Special treatment of the delinquent. 

Classes lor over-age children. ^^ 

Classes for menially and physically deficient children. ^H 

An atlempl to make the course of study fit the child, ^^ 

Milk and cracker luncheons for some of the children. 

Parents' Day in each school. 

Close connection with relief and children's aid movements. 

Systematic collection of children's clothing from ihe prosperous for the benefit of 
the poorest." 

Head Resident. Julia Richman, 1906-. 

Literature. Article in Tbi Commons, ix : J17-338 (July. 1904) — A School 
Teachers' Settlement. Cbaritiis. xii : 740 (July 16, 1304). 



Union Settlement 

335 t>899). 337 ("905), 339-241 (1897), 243 (1899) East I04lh Slreet; 343 

(1905), 344 C1907). 246 (1904), 248 (1905) East losth Street; 

Northeast Comer i04lh and ist Ave. (1904) 

Vacation House, East Moriches (House-by-the-Sea), Long Island. Farm, 

Winsted, Conn. Camp Nathan Hale, Huntington, Long Island 

Established iVIay 26, 1895, by the Alumni Club of Union Theological 
Seminary (Union Setllement Association). Aims "to maintain a settlement in 
New York City for the assertion and application in the spirit of Jesus Christ, of 
the principles of brotherhood along the lines of educational, social, civic and 
religious well-being." Incorporated April 16, 1902, "to afford men and women 
the opportunity to make their homes in crowded neighborhoods and live there, 
laboring intelligently for the needs of their locality, and co-operating in every way 
possible with the religious and philanthropic work already carried on there." 
Maintained by an association, with varying dues, and by voluntary subscription. 

Neichbohhood. The upper East Side of New York, from 96th to 1 i6th Sire«t, 
and from the East River lo Fifth Avenue. The territory is constantly growing more con- 
gested, and tall tenements are replacing the smaller dwelling houses and tenements of a 
decade ago. The neighbors, Irish, German and American in 1S95, are being swept be- 
fore an influx of llaliani and Jews, who have now practically pre-empted the territory. 

Activities. I. Investigations. — Assisted the Tenement House Com- 
mittee and the Charity Organization Society to gather material tor its exhibit 
{1899): made special studies of tenement hallways for the Housing Commission 
(1900}: assisted the Federation of Churches in its sociological canvass (1897); 
made several special studies into labor conditions for the Consumers' League; 
and conducted a study of the movements of population in the neighborhood 
(1907). Students of the Union Theological Seminary and Columbia University 
have carried on investigations with the advice and under the direction of the 
settlement. (See Literature.) A study of midwifery was cairied on in co- 
operation with the Committee on Public Health of the Association of Neigh- 
borhood Workers, and a law has been obtained committing to the department 
of health the regulation and supervision of the practice of midwifery. 

II. Efforts for District Improvemevts. (1) Housing. — A number of 
informal studies of neighborhood housing conditions have been made in co- 
operation with the various housing commissions; much informal work in study- 
ing and reporting violations of the law. A special study was made for the Tene- 
ment House Commission on the lighting of halls at night; reports prepared 
regarding alleged prostitution in tenement houses, etc. 

(a) Streets and Refuse. — The head resident became local chairman of the 
City Vigilance League (189;), through which organization various sanitary and 
civic improvements were secured. Co-operation has been maintained with the 
department of street cleaning; and (in co-operation with the Association of 
Neighborhood Workers) the commissioner was persuaded to place cans in the 
streets as receptacles for newspapers, fruit skins, etc. Investigations of the 


pushcart situation have been made for the Commissioner of Im migration in 

the hope of some regulation. 

(}) Recrealion. — Maintained a public playground from 1896 to 190J which 
was developed to a high state of efficiency by securing the conaperation of the 
department of education; was instrumental in inducing the city to purchase the 
ground for a public playground (1906). The nine yards of the settlement house 
have been thrown together for use as a playground, thus supplementing the 
public play space of the neighborhood. From time to time has secured the 
temporary use of vacant lots for playgrounds and athletic fields; has had a 
part in the general city-wide campaign for more parks and playgrounds. The 
head resident served on the Mayor's Playground Commission (1909). Has 
carried on systematic inspection of motion picture shows; and from time to 
time has investigated dance halls and other recreational features of the neighbor- 
hood. Working Men's Club was instrumental in closing ccrlain vicious resorts. 

{4) Public Schools. — The head resident was made chairman of the local 
board of school inspectors (1897), and was instrumental in securing lemporary 
school accommodations for several thousand children pending the erection of 
permanent buildings; and in increasing the general efficiency of the school 
system in the district. Two residents have served on the local school board, 
and one as the president of the board (1910). The settlement library is used 
for reference by pupils and teachers; and a study room is maintained. Some 
home and school visiting is carried on by residents. 

{5) Heallh. — Carried on a city-wide study of midwifery in co-operation 
with the Nurses' Settlement. The head resident served on the Mayor's Hospital 
Commission (1909). Active co-operation has been maintained with the Asso- 
ciation of Tuberculosis Clinics (of which the head worker was an organizer), 
and other agencies in the fight against tuberculosis. District nursing has been 
carried on, in co-operation wilh Henry Street Settlement, the work of eight nurses 
being directed at the settlement. An infant-feeding station has been maintained. 
A resident gives special attention to the sick; co-operates with hospitals and gives 
Special medical educational work, and sanitary supervision of contagious diseases. 

Ml. Local Institutional Improvement, The settlement was instru- 
mental in securing a public playground. A public bath was located in the 
neighborhood through the effort soft he settlement in organizing public sentiment. 

IV. General Propaganda. The head resident serves as Lecturer in 
Applied Christianity and Director of Student Work at Union Theological 
Seminary. Through the interest of the settlement the Seminary has for five 
years conducted a Quiet Day for social workers on Lincoln's Birthday with a 
view to interpreting the religious significance of the social movement. The 
head resident also serves as a staff lecturer of the School of Philanthropy; 
and has organized extension lectures on social questions for church workers. 
Residents serve on various Boards and have taken an active part in preparing 
the Congestion Exhibit {1908), and the Child Welfare Exhibit (1911). The 
head resident has served for several years as president of the Association of 
Neighborhood Workers and chairman of the Committee on Legislation, 

^^^H NEW YORK 327 

Maintains penny savings; public library: resideni nursing service (co-operation 
Henry Street Settlement); educational sanitary service; kindergartens (co-operation New 
York Kindergarten Association); playground; study room; workingman's club; gymna- 
sium and athletic club; classes in cooking, embroidery, basketry, sewing, dressmaking, 
pasting, kitchen garden, carpentry, city history, choral club, dancing; athletic classes and 
events; clubs for men, women, young peojrie and children. The House provides quarters 
for the Church of the Son of Man in a separate building at i^^ East ia4th Street (tgii)- 
The Church maintains a Bible school, evening service and mid-week prayer meeting. 
Summer U'ork. — Playground; ice water fountain: outdoor concerts; picnics and excur- 
sions; two houses and a camp, accommodating children, boys, girts and adults, vacations 
and excursions in coKiper.iiion with Fresh Air agencies, resident nursing service with 
baby shelter and informal health work. 

Former Locatioks, 101 E. 96ih St., May 36, tSgj-July, 189;; aio E. lo^lh St.. 
July. 1895-Oct,, 189$; live back yards formed into playground. 1900. Playground 
completed with nine yards in 1907. Athletic Field loisl St.. Second and Third Ave*., 
Aug, 10. 1896. Acquired by City for Playground, December, 1906. Athletic Club and 
Gymnasium, 13;^ E. loolh St., 1897-1902; 205-7 E- loist St., 1902-1903; 205-7 E- 
99th St., 1903-1904. Religious Work, 176 E. loSth St. 1897; igt; Third Ave., 1897; 348 
E. 104th St, 1898-1899. 

Residents. Women 17, men g. Volitnteers. Women j6, men iz. Head 
Residents. William E. McCord, May 36, 1895-Apr, 1901. Gaylord S. White, May. 

Literature, t. Authorized Statements. Circulars. OblainedatSetiiement — 
White. Gayloid S,: A Brief History and Report of the Seventh Vear of the Work. III. 
Dec., 1901 — The Summer Work of the Union Settlement in 190). III. Pamphlet — 
Corbelt. Charles H.: The Union Settlement. Contains a careful study of the neighborhood. 
November, 1907 — For Summer Work. Series of separate buHelins. 5«: 1901, 1902, 
1903, 1906, 1907. Ste also: Union Settlement. Cily MinioH M., July, 1895 — Belts, 
Lillian W.: New York's Social Settlements (Union Settlement). (hi1h>ok. li :684 CApr.27, 
189s) — Union Seminary Settlement. OuUook, Feb. 29, 1896 — Union Seminary Settle- 
ment. Ctymmons. Apr., 1896. p. 9 — Union SiUUment Bullelin. Issued by the Settlement. 
Noi. I and 2. Oct.. 1896, and May. 1897 — Articles in the Bvanftliit. Nov. a8. 1895, Dec. 
a3, 1897 — Bureau of Ljbor Statistics, Slate of New York. Eighteenth Annual Report. 
1900. Part II. pp. 355-3*9 — Hiram House Lije. ii : 3 (Nov., [900) — Description of 
a summer visit to Union. Tbt Neighbor. Sept., 1901, II. Articles or Social Studcf.s 
BY Residents. Jones, Thomas Jesse: The Sociology of a New York Block, (Edited by 
the Faculty of Political Science in Columbia University) Stud, in Hist., Eton, and Pub. 
Law, xxi : 3 (1904) — White, Gaylord S.: The Upper East Side, Its Neglect and lis 
Needs. Cbaritits, xii : 748-751 (July 16, 1904), Legislation Opposed by New York 
Social Workers, Commons, ix : 144 (1904). The Social Settlement After Twenly-llve 
Years. Harvard Tbiolagicat Rev., ix : 48-70 (Jan,. 1911), 

The University Settlement 

(Formerly Neighborhood Guild) 

184 Eldridge Street (1898-) 

Established August, 1886. by Dr. Stanton Coit, who stimulated by a 

short residence at Toynbee Hall in January and February, 1886, took up 

residence on the lower East Side in a tenement on Forsyth Street. The 


Neighborhood Guild was formed in 1S87, and in May, tSgi, the guild was 
reorganized as the University Settlement Society. Aims "to bring men and 
women of education into closer relations with the laboring classes in this 
city, for their mutual benefit. The society shall establish and maintain in 
t house districts places of residence for college men and others 

desirous of aiding 
may meet for 
March, 1S92. 

immigrant Jews. 


i\ and edu 

where the people of the neighborhood 
itional purposes." — Constitution. Incorporated 

Lower East Side, New York City. The people 

; largely 

I. In 


Has carried c 

1 for many years socio- 
logical studies into different phases of East Side life. These studies have been 
published from time to time in the University Settlement Studies, in special 
pamphlets and in magazines. Data have also been gathered for special legisla- 
tive or other committees. Among such special studies were those conducted into 
Unemployment (1894) in co-operation with the College Settlement; educational 
statistics for the Tenement House Commission (1894); data for the Reinhard 
Committee, concerning the condition of working women (1895); study of the 
medical status of the East Side ([8g6); a study of eviction cases in co-operation 
with the College Settlement and the Nurses' Settlement {1897); study of the 
East Side benefit societies (1898); study of recreation features of the East Side 
(1899); data gathered for the Tenement House Commission of 1900, of which 
commission the head worker was a member, etc., etc. 

11. Efforts for District Improvement, (i) Wousih^.— Work for 
better housing began in i886, and has continued ever since. Dr. Coil organized 
a sanitary section of the Social Reform Club, the members of which reported the 
conditions among which they lived. Residents from time to time did intensive 
work in studying and following up violations of the law. Special testimony was 
given befftre Ihe Commission of 1894-5; again in 1900; and the experience of the 
settlement has been valuable in securing and defending the present law. 

(a) Streets and Rcfuit.—^ne of thefirst forms of public activity undertaken 
by the Guild Club was an effort to keep the streets about the Guild House clean 
{1899). When the street cleaning department was reorganized under Colonel 
Waring, the settlement undertook to patrol the most difficult section of the city, 
and with the aid of residents and club members made regular reports to the com- 
missioner. The head resident became general superintendent of the Children's 
Street Cleaning League, and a resident was made inspector. Another resident 
later became a sanitary inspector far six months, and did valuable educational 
work in the district. Supported (1895) the bill against the truck nuisance. The 
co-operation between the house and the city departments has been continuous. 
One resident has participated in several conferences on street cleaning, one of 
which secured the placing of refuse boxes on street corners by the commissioner 
of street cleaning. 

(3) Play Spaces. — Mr. Stover, ore time head worker, has been most active 
since 1887 in the effort to secure play spaces in the city; and his work has been a 


factor of great importance in obtaining the present equipment of playgrounds. 
The house has co-operated in various ways with the several organizations and 
movements working (or East Side playgrounds. In 1806 the mayor appointed 
the head resident chairman ofa committee empowered to locate Iwo parks on the 
lower East Side. The appointment of Mr. Slover in 1910 as Park Commissioner 
of the cityof New York is a recognition of his contribution to the park movement 
and his unusual ability to fill such an office. 

(4) Public Schools— Three residents (C. B. Stover. James K. Paulding, 
and James B. Reynolds) served as school trustees during their residence. 
Through this service an active influence for school improvement was started. 
Supported the bill to abolish school trustees. Its kindergarten, organized in 
1887, still supplements the public education of the district. Through conferences 
with teachers the settlement has tried to give something of the settlement mes- 
sage to those doing the actual school work; has been constant in its agitation for 
adequate facilities for all scholars, for evening centers, and for a broadened 

(5) Labor. — The settlement has from time to time aided in the organiza- 
tion of new unions; provided help and council in just strikes; used every en- 
deavor to further arbitration; and brought about conferences between employers 
and working men to discuss labor and economic questions. For many years it 
rented its halls to individual unions and to the Central Federated Union. Pro- 
tested against the sweating system in every possible way. For some years co- 
operated with the unions in searching out and closing sweat shops. 

of knowledge of labor conditions 

were incorporated in the factory laws. 

Bill (1894-;) and furnished all the aid 

,5 a result 

idalions made by Mr. Reynolds 
Worked for the Mercantile Inspection 
ts power for other laws regulating the 

mditions of labor of men, women and children. 

(6) Politics. — The early clubs were stimulated to protest against corrupt 
candidates, and residents have endeavored to awaken an enlightened public 
opinion in the various good government campaigns. The settlement allied itself 
with various organized efforts,— the City Vigilance League, Good Government 
clubs, etc. Mr. Reynolds was a member of the Committee of Seventy, in 1894, 
chairman of the executive committee of the Citizens' Union in 1897, and later 
chairman of important sub-committees. Residents have appeared frequently 
before the legislative committees in support of measures looking toward the 
betterment of political conditions. Perhaps the best service of the house has 
been the training in citizenship given its boys and girls, as a result of which the 
settlement now looks with pride on the excellent records of a number of its young 
men in various branches of public service. 

(7) Economic— Various efforts to ameliorate suffering in the several sea- 
sons of industrial depression of the last twenty-five years (1893-4. ^900, 1907-8). 
It presented the facts to the public, and was able to be of assistance to certain 
needy friends who were unwilling to appeal to the public charities. In rSgj a 
coH3perative service in dairy products was attempted. Houses a branch of the 
Provident Loan Society {1901-). 


(8) Trattsportalion. — One of the clubs carried on a successful campaign to 
better the very poor street car service of its district. The settlement was one of 
several agencies through whose efforts an elevated loop in Delancey Street for 
the Williamsburg Bridge was prevented. 

(9) Moral — Co-operated in bringing about the passage of the juvenile 
court law, and provided the first volunteer probation officers in the state (1901J. 
Maintained a paid probation service until the work was assumed by the city. 
In its studies it pointed out the evil to young children of the disgraceful moral 
conditions in its section, and in a number of cases collected evidence which closed 
certain houses of a notorious type. Led in an agitation for abolishing street 
walking in Second Avenue, and organized a committee which secured the mini- 
mizalion of this evil by the police. 

(10) Testimony before StaU and National Committees and Legislative 
BodUi.— Residents have frequently appeared before committees of legislative 
bodies to help good bills or 10 protest against those detrimental to public welfare, 

III. Local Institutional Improvement. Maintained a kindergarten 
from 1887-1909 and housed another; a public library from 1887 to 1905, when 
its service was linally taken over by the city; public baths since 1S9S; public 
halls in its own building, besides co-operating in securing Clinton Hall; public 
art exhibits, public lectures and concerts; houses the Provident Loan Society, 
and provided room for the Legal Aid Society for many years, etc. 

IV. General Propaganda. Has kept the needs of its quarter before the 
public, and has had a share in bringing about the present human way of regard- 
ing such crowded industrial quarters as the East Side. Started the present 
Richmond Hill House, 1900-1903; assisted the Harlem Guild (discontinued), 
and stimulated self-supporting organizations on the East Side and elsewhere. 

Maintains kindergarien; public bath; penny provident bank; gyrnnasium and 
athletic association; choral societies, orchestras, and concerl! for children and adults; 
public lectures; meeting place of various organizations, educational, benefidal, labor, and 
social; classes in sewing, dancing, cultural subjects, etc., etc. Many clubs of men and 
women, young people, and children for various objects, musical, dramatic, athletic, 
social, etc. SHmmtriVork. — Clubwork; roof garden and gymnasium; morning mass club 
for children; distribution of (lowers; gardening, vacation houses, boys' camp, girls' house, 
children's house, independent vacation trips by clubs, etc. 

Former Locations. T46 Forsyth St., Aug., 1886-1889; 147 Forsyth St.. Autumn, 
1889-1893; 340 Cherry St., Jan., iSSg-July, 1890; a6 Delancey St., Winter, 1893-3- 
1898; joo Eldridge St. (The Annex}, 1896-1898. The West Side Branch. 38 King St., 
Oct., 1900-1904; a8 McDougal St., 1901-1904, 

Residents. Men [i. Volunteers. Women 8j, men 54. Head Residents. 
Stanton Coit, Aug., i886-Ju!y, 1888, Winter of 1891, Winter and Spring of 1893; 
ChariesB- Stover. Aug. 1887-1891: John McG.Coodale, 1891; James K.Paulding, 189a; 
James B. Reynolds, May 1, i8g4-Jan. t, 190J; Robert Hunter, Apr., 1902-1903; James 
H. Hamilton, igos-Aug. 15, 1909; Robbins Oilman, Aug. 15, 1909-. 

Literature. I. AuTHORizeo Statements. Reports (containing papers on 
specialinvestigationsby residents), catalogues, etc. — Stover, Charles B,: Neighborhood 
Guild in New York. In Arnold Toynbee. Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore — Coit, 


Stanton: NeighborhoodGuilds; An InstrumenlofScKial ReForm. London, Swan, Sonnen- 

schein and Co., iSgi. Reviewed by Edward King, in Cbar. Rev-, i : 77-86- Ste alio: 
Moore, Helen: Tenement Neighborhood Idea. In Literature of Phibnlhropy, New York. 
Harper Brothers — University Settlement Society. Criiic, June ao and Dec. 19, 1891 — 
Williams. M, C: University Settlement, Harptrs W.. Aug, 15. 1891 —Char. Ree.. 
Dec, 1891 — Tournier, Willon: University Settlement Society. Cbtitlian Wofh. March 
16, 189J — Gentlemen in the Tenement House District. Harptr'i IV.. July 8. 189) — 
University Settlement. Und a Hand. \\\ : 304 (Mar,, 1894) — Gilder. Joseph B,: The 
University Settlement. Worfff'i If.. May 4, 1895 — Late A. C. Bemheim and New York 
Picture Exhibitions. Rtv. 0} Rev., Sept., 1895 — Betts, Lillian W.: New York's Social 
Settlements (University Settlement). Outlook, li ; 684 (April 37, 1895) — University 
Settlement. Criiic, HKvii : loa (Feb. 6. 1897) — Brown, William Adams: Union East 
Side Settlements. Independent, xlix : 1691 (Dec. aj. 1897) — New Social Science Put 
Into Practice, Harprr's flaf.. xxx : 108S (Dec. a;, 1897) — Gilder, Richard Watson: 
The University Settlement and Good Citizenship. Address delivered at the annual meeting 
of the University Settlement Society, January 19, 1897 — University Settlement Society 
Report. Pub. Opin.. xxviii : 589 (May 10, (900) — Todd, Charies Burr: Social Settle- 
ments in New York City. Gunlon's, xix : i66-r75 (August, 1900) — University Settle- 
ment. New York. Editorial notes. CiaridVi, viii : 179, 189, }8i.47) (190J) — Johnston, 
Bertha: My Summer in the New York Settlement Kindergarten. KindtriarUn M.. Sept., 
190a — Art Exhibition at the University Settlement, New York. Charities, xii : 4JJ-4M 
(Apr. 30, 1904) — Move to Abolish East Side Horse Cars. Cbar. and Comnumt, xvi : 14a 
(Apr. a8, 1906) — Pink. Louis Heaton: The Boys Club in Civic Work. Cbar. and Com- 
mons, xvii : 685-686 (Jan, la, 1907) — East Side Life at Its Source. Cbar. and Commons. 
xix: 1074-1075 (Nov. 16. 1907). II. Social Studies by Residents and Associates 
(issued by the settlement). Fifteenth Annual Report, containing also reports of local 
investigations of The Inherent Cultural Forces of the Lower East Side, The Yiddish Stage. 
The Public Dance Halls of the Lower East Side. Child Ethics in the Street and Settlement, 
Police Court Probation Work, Trade Unions and the Settlement, and Tendencies in East 
Side Boys' Clubs. University Settlement Studies, i. No, 2 — Weyl, Walter E,; Immi- 
gration and Industrial Saturation. Blauslein. David: The People of the East Side before 
Emigration and after Immigration. Walling. W. E.: What the People of the East Side 
Do — University Settlement Studies, i. Nos. j and 4 — Betts, Lillian W.: The 
Italian in New York. Durland. Kellogg, and Sessa, Louis: The Italian Invasion of the 
Ghetto, Sakalski, Aaron: The Evolution of the Clothing Factory. Parmalee, Maurice 
F.: The Bakers of the East Side. Hamilton. James H.i Is the Settlement a Permanent 
Institution. Wald, Lillian D,: District Nursing. Cronin, John H,: Medical Inspection 
of the Schools. Rogers, Lena L: School Nursing in New York City — University 
Settlement Studies, ii. No. ) — Bernhcimer, Charles S.: Jewish Immigration. Wald' 
man. Morris D.: Artificial Distribution of Immigrants. Sabsovich, H. L.i Lessons of the 
Jewish .Agricultural Exhibition. Sakolski, A, M.: The Smaller Industries of the Lower 
East Side. Aronovici, C.: Italian Immigration — University Settlement Studies, ill. 
No. 1. Supplement, Pink. Louis H.: Old Tenements and the New Law — University 
Settlement Studies (1910). Bcrnheimcr. Charles S.: The Shirtwaist Strike. III. 
Akilcles or Socfal Studies by Residents, Bernheimer, Charles S.: New York Street 
Cleaning Department and the East Side. Char, and Comrru>«s. xviii : 450 (July 17, 1907). 
Jewish Residents of Lower East Side Block. American Hebrew, Aug. 9, 1907. Jewish 
Activities at the University Settlement. Hebrew Standard. Jan. ). 1908. Rent Strikes and 
Crowded Neighborhoods. Outlook, Ixxxviii : iaS-30 (Jan. 18, 1908). High Rents on New 

a3i Handbook of settlements 

York's East Side. Char, and Commons, xix : ]4a}-i4ci4 (Jsn. ]8, igo8). Social Settle- 
menls and New York's Lower Easl Side. Cbar. atid Commons, xx : 737-7J9 (Sept, 36, 
1908). The Jewisli Immigrant as an Induslrial Factor. /Inn. Amir. Acad, of Pol. and 
Soc. Set., March, 1909. Hamilton, James H,; The New York Excise Question. Commons, 
ix : 55 (1904). Preventive Social Work, Report of Speech on. Cbarilies, xiii : 165 (Nov. 
19, 1904). University and Social Settlements. Nelson's Enclycopedia. The School Chil- 
dren's Lunch Room. Char, and Commons, xx : 400-401 (June 30, 1908) — McLean, 
Francis: A Guild for Social Work and Us Message to the Settlements, Commons, xiii, 
No. 88 (Nov., 1903) " Mussey, Henry R.: The Fake Instalment Business, Pamphlet. 
N. Y., University Seitlement Society, 1903 — Slokes, J. G. Phelps: Relation of Settle- 
ment Work to the Evils of Poverty. Ittltrnal, Journ. of Etbks, xi : 340 (April, 1901). 
Civic Centers, Their Importance and Utility to the Citizen. Commons, viii, No. 84 (July, 
190J) — Public Schools as Social Centers. Ann. Amtr. Acad, of Pol. and Soc. Sci., xxiii 
(May, [904) — Walling, William English: The New Unionism. The problem of the Un- 
skiiled Worker. Ann. Am^r. Acad, of Pol. and Soc. Set., xxiv 1 3 (Sept., 1904), TheMov^™ 
ment for Neighborhood Social Halls. Commons, May, 1904, p. 193-198. ^M 

Warren Goddard House ■ 

(Formerly Friendly Aid Settlement) 

346(1898-), 248(189;-) East Thirty-fourth Street; 335 East Thirty-fifth Street 

(1907-). Summer Home, Spring Farm, Green's Farms, Conn. {1899-) 

Established December, 1898, as an outgrowth of social and neighborhood 
work begun in October, 1893, by the Friendly Aid Society under the auspices of 
All Souls' Unitarian Church. Name changed in 1902 as a memorial to Warren 
Goddard. Incorporated 1901. 

Nefchborhood, The middle East Side, The lone of the neighborhood is given 
by the Irish who number from one-third to one-half of the population, while their social 
and political rule is undisputed. The Italians number perhaps one-fourth of the popula- 
tion; and the growing second generation of young people is profoundly affected for the 
worse by the family disorganization which follows immigration. There are some Jews, 
who are without special significance in the quarter. The controlling religious organization 
is St. Gabriel's Church, and the whole district may be considered its parish, though there 
are three Episcopal organizations which have prominent places in the district. There are 
several prominent political clubs, which have great influence in the life of the people. 

Activities. Civic neighborhood work reaches back into the period pre- 
vious to residence. In the years 1896 to 1898 Norton Goddard kept a suite 
of rooms in a tenement in Thirty-third street, and frequently invited men 
there to hold club meetings or to breakfast or supper. In 1899 the Civic Club, 
a strong organization of men brought together by Mr. Goddard, was installed in 
a specially equipped clubhouse at 243 East Forty-third street. This club has 
continued lo be public spirited and has assisted in various efforts to secure needed 
institutional enlargement for the district. It has also been a power in working 
for belter and cleaner politics. 

The settlement secured a branch of the public library for its neighborhood 
and provided a playground at Thirty-fifth street in 1899. From time to time 
has organized groups of persons and organizations which have carried on work 



for needed district reforms. Maintained oversight of several temporary centers 

established by interested individuals; graduated several clubs into independent 
existence under supervision of residents or volunteers. Owing to ils central 
location has been able to extend the hospitality of the rooms to the Neigh- 
borhood Workers, People's Singing Class, Alliance Employment Bureau, with 
which organization it trained young women for housework during several sum- 
mers, etc. 

Maintains kindergarten: resident nursing service; bank (collection at house and 
neighborhood factories): classes in sewing, physical culture, folk dancing, dolls' dress- 
making, basketry, games, singing, crocheting, fancy work, dressmaking, shirtwaists, piano, 
cooking, housekeeping, nursing, gymnastics, drawing, modeling, carpentry; clubs for 
young men and women, boys and girls. SumiHfr Work. — The house maintained a summer 
kindergarten for many yean in co-operation with the board of education; baths; ice water 
fountain: roof garden; playgrounds, etc.. as well as excursions, picnics and vacations in 
co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. It owns and maintains a farm of fifteen acres at 
Greens Farms, Connecticut, accommodating about 80 at a time all summer, with a boys' 
camp of 33, Organized Camp Asapong. uhich provides for ten young men. 

FoKMER Locations, J50 East jird St., Oct., iSgj-Nov,, 1895. Civic Club, 34} 
East );rd St., February, 1899. Holly Club Summer Home, Hackensack, N. J., Summer, 
1899. Holly Club, aoaji East Thirty-third Street, 1900-1901. Two Branches.— 116 
East Twenty-ninth St., Oct., 1901-April, 1902; 313 East Thirty-ninth St., Dec, 1901- 
June, 190a. 

Residents. Women 8, men a. Head Residents. Mrs. M. K. Simkhovitch. 
Dec, 1898-July, 190a; Mary L. Leggett, Sept.,, 1903: Elizabeth B. Bowles, 
Oct., 1903-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Annual reports, bulletins and circulars 
— Circular— A Greeting and Statement to our Neighbors of what this Settlement pro- 
poses to do — All Souls' Calendar, December, 1894, Jan., Feb.. March and May, 1895. 
104 East Twentieth St.. New York City — Ntigbborbood Newt, published monthly by the 
Friendly Aid House and the Civic Club — Memorial Volume to Warren Goddard. 
Friendly Aid Society, 1901. Stt alio: Bureau ot Labor Statistics State of New York. 
Eighteenth Annual Report, 1900. Part ii, pp. 345-35} — A Model Flat in a Model Tene- 
ment. Cbat. and Commons, xix : 1074 (Nov. 16, 1907) — Neighborhood Lad Turned Play- 
wright. Cbar. and Comnums, xix : 1074 (Nov. 16, 1907) — Kendall, Edith: Warren 
Goddard House. Unitarian, iii. No. 4 (April. 1908). 

Amity Baptist Church and Settlement House 
308-313 West 54th Street (1896-). Amity Lodge, 31 3 West 53rd Street (1908-) 

Established November. 1896, by Rev. and Mrs. Leighton Williams and 
Mr. and Mrs. John W. Clark, with the sanction of the trustees of Amity Baptist 
Church in their parish house "as an auxiliary to Amity Baptist Church; to il- 
lustrate true Christian living and to work for the religious and social well-being 
of the neighborhood." 

"Aims: i. The field. The ward or parish; the city; the nation; the 


world. To cultivate an intelligent interest in all these, founded on accurate 
knowledge. While cultivating a broad sympathy, world-wide in extent, to 
make the ward or parish the subject o( immediate and thorough investigation, 
not only on its religious side, but in all its aspects, industrial and social as well. 
2. Co-operation. To cultivate the spirit of brotherly co-operation with all 
'men of good-will,' of every creed, nationality and political affiliation, in tem- 
perance, municipal reform, and every other good work, along such lines as are 
practicable without compromise of any principle on either part. To do all work 
in conjunction with others wherever possible, and hence to foster all union 
societies. 3. The training and maintenance of workers. To gradually gather 
together a large force of volunteer workers, viz.: lay brothers and deaconesses, 
willing to give themselves to the service of others, without compensation further 
than the assurance of food, clothing and shelter, but without permanent vows. 
4. The union of the religious and industrial forces in the salvation of mankind. 
To this end to heal the breach now existing. Hence we have started the Chris- 
tian Workingmcn's Institute for lectures, conferences and debates. 5. The 
education of the people, and especially the workers, in correct social and religious 
principles. To this end the oral instruction from pulpit and platform, the 
schools, kindergartens, and tract distribution." Maintained by Amity Baptist 
Church and by voluntary contributions. 

NciCHBORKOOD. Middle West Side. The people arc skilled manual workers; 
housed in five-story tenements. The saloons arc twice as numerous as the churches. 
The racial complexion is largely I rish-American and German-American with a small 
admixture of Jews and Italians. 

Activities. Held the first Municipal Program Conferences, 1904-5; 
was instrumental in securing De Witt Clinton Park, and also in starting the 
Federation of the Churches in this city and stale. This movement has now 
spread over the whole country. Helped organize New York Kindergarten 

Maintains religious services, Bible school, and the various church activities; 
industrial school, with classes in sewing, carpentering, printing, etc.; dispensary and clinic; 
poor relief; gymnasium; Christian Workingmen's Institute (for the discussion of social 
questions from a religious standpoint); choral society; boys' dub and literary society; 
theAmily TheoIogicalSchooI; kindergarten; Baptist Deaconess Home; pianoinsfruction; 
basket ball classes for boys and girls; Sunshine Band, King's Daughters, etc. Amity 

Residents. Women 14. men 3, Volunteers. Women 15. men 9, Head 
Resident. Rev. Leighlon Williams, 1896-. 

Literature. I. Authorized Statements. Reports of Amity Mission Confer- 
ence — Reports of Conference of the Brotherhood of the Kingdom — /imily (church 
paper), first number, Oct. 19, 1898 — Clark, John W.: Amity Baptist Church: Its In- 
stitutions and Missions — The Open Church (April. 1B97), ijo Fifth Ave., N. Y, — 
Year Book, 19a;. Sec alio: Tolman and Hall. Handbook of Sociological References for 
New York, various references, N. Y., Knickerbocker Press. 1894. The Work of Amity 
Church (Editorial). Thi Ouiloali, December 18, 1897. Strong, Josiah: References to, io 
Better New York and Social Progress, Bureau of Labor Statistics State of New York. 



Ei^teenrh Annual Report, 1900. Part ii, pp. 365-568. II. Articles or Social Studies 
HV Residents. Clark, John W.: The American Dinner Pail Man. Ptlfrim. jane. 190J, 
Bailie Creek, Mich. Sundays in New York. Articles in The Samiay at Home, October, 
1903, and February, 1903. London, Religious Tract Society. 

Chinatown Rescue Settlement and Recreation Room (Unde- 
10 Mott Street 

Established July t, 1904, by Annette B. Boardman. Ciemence L. Board- 
man, and Harriet E. Bard "for neighborhood work among erring girls." In- 
corporated 190;. 

NtiGFLBORHooD. ChinalowH and the Bowery. The girls are American, English, 
German, French, Hebrew, Italian, Bohemian. They live with the Chinese and American 
men in Chinatown and the Bowery. Drink, ignorance, the morphine and cocaine habit, 
disease, the dance hall and saloon with their attendant prostitution in lodging houses and 
tenements, — ^these constitute the causes of the work. 

Maintains personal work with individual women and girls^ visits through the 
district; co-operalion with hospitals, rescue homes, etc.; social and religious gatherings; 
occasional classes in cooking and handiwork; employment bureau. Individuals are kept 
temporarily at the settlement until provision can be made for them elsewhere; and some 
go to a cottage in the country run in connection with the work. Two hundred visits a 
month arc paid by girls to the settlement from live hundred different gjrls with whom the 

Resjoents. Women j. Head REsioEffTs. Annette B. Boardman; Rulh Price. 
Lltenture. Annual Reports. 

Christodora House (Undenominational) 

145 (igio-). 147 (1898-) Avenue B (Center for women's work). 603 E. gih 

Street (1903-) (Center for men's work). Vacation House, Northover 

Camp, Bourid Brook, N. J. 

Established June 24, 1897, by Miss C. I. MacColl and Sara L. Carson 
for "the physical, social, intellectual, and spiritual development of the people in 
the crowded portions of thecity of New York, and the training of those who shall 
be in residence in practical methods of settlement work." 

Neichborhood. Lower East Side. The people are Germans. Jews, Italians, etc. 

Maintains religious work (children's hour. Sunday afternoon service, Bible classes, 
men's meetings, week day studies in religion, etc.); penny provident bank; classes in 
arithmetic, English, stenography, carpeniiy, sewing, music; clubs for adults, young people, 
and children, with athletic, dramatic, literary, musical and social aims. Entertainments, 
lectures, concerts, plays, etc. Summtr Wotlt. — Picnics; vacations at the vacation house 
at Northover Camp; vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Former Location. 163 Avenue B, July, 1897-1898, 

Residents. Women 9, men 4. Volunteers. Women t. men y Head Resi- 
dent. Miss C. I. MacColl. June, 1897-. 

Literature. Authorizeo Articles: Annual reports and pamphlets. [901-1906- 


1907-1908-1909 — The Cbristodora (monlhly), i. No. 1 (May. 1898}; vii. No. 1 (Jul 
1907); viii. No. I (Nov., 1908}; ix : Nov., 1909, Ste alio: Sangster, Margarel E.; 
Christodora House. Congresalionaliit, Mat. 2, 1899 — Upperl, Frieda E.; Chrwtodora 
House Seltlemenl. Commons, vi, No. 64 (Nov., igot). Christodora House. Owrtool.^ 
Ixviii ; 660 Oune 30, 1901). Bureau of Labor Stalistics State of New York. EighH 
Annual Report, 1900. Part ii, pp. 388-'3gi. 


Emanu-El Brotherhood Social House (J^w'sh) 
jotj-jri East Sixth Street (1910-) 

Established 1905, by a group of men in Temple Emanu-El Congregation 
" to provide a recreation center for the young people of Jewish faith in a neighbor- 
hood where the pernicious influence of the music halls and the operations of 
missionaries were a problem too vital to be ignored," 

Neighborhood, The Jewish quarter of New York Cily, 

Maintains religious services; children's religious services; children's Hebrew 
classes; children's Sunday school; library; game room; play yard; classes in stenography 
and sewing; social clubs for young people and children; entertainments, plays, etc. 
Monthly papers, Tbt yoici, and The Brolbtrhood News. 

Former Locations. First religious work in a hall. Religious Work in Girls' 
Hebrew Technical School, i;th St. and Second Ave., 1904. Social House 316 East 
Fifth St., [905-1910. 

SuPERiNTEN DENIS. Tobias Roth, 1905-1907; Armand Wyle, 1907-1909; Tobias 
Roth, 1909-. 

Literature. Appeals, elc. — The yoke, i. No. i (Jan., [909) — Brotbtrbi 
NfW!. i. No. 1 (June. 1910). 

The Gospel Settlement (Undenominational) 
211 Clinton Street 

Established November 15, 1897, by Mrs. Sarah J, Bird, as an outgrowth 
of rescue mission work begun in 1896. Aims: "Our work is religious but not 
denominational, and our aim is through the highest standards to fortify these 
children to meet the temptations of every-day life, to teach them self-control, to 
make of them the right kind of citizens and home makers; to provide a center for 
higher civic and social life; to improve the condition of our neighborhood; to 
this end ihc clubs co-operate, helping the health department and street cleaning 
department, while the women's club (100 members) carries out the settlement 
spirit by providing through its dues, coal, wood, and provisions and medicine to 
needy neighbors, to say nothing of the comfort and cheer through its personal 
interest." Incorporated 1900. 

Neighborhood. The Jewish quarter of New York, The neighbors are Russian 
and Polish Jews, and a few Irish. 

Maintains various classes in religion: kindergarten; savings service; classes In 
kitchen garden, sewing, and city history; clubs tor women, young people, and children, 
with social, athletic, literary, musical, debating and religious aims. Summtt IVotlt. — Back- 
yard playground; vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 


REsrDENTs. Women 7. Head Resident. (Mrs.) Sarah B. Bird, 1897-. 
Literature. Reports, 1900, 1906. 1908 — Pamphlets (undated) — ^biU Door 
Mttsengir (Monthly), i, No, 1 (Feb., 1906). 

Harlem Federation for Jewish Communal Work 
258-240 East 105th Street 

Established 1906, as the outgrowth of an "attempt to bring about the 
formation of a social center in Harlem through the co-operation of all existing 
Jewish organizations. The co-operation died but the movement lived." Aims 
"to bring good and helpful influences into the lives of young people at the critical 
epoch of youth. To endeavor, by cultivating refined and healthful tastes and 
by deepening the sense of the sanctity of life, to help them to withstand the 
temptations of a less fortunate environment." — Report, 1908. 

Neighborhood, "Harlem is becoming the most congested center in congested 
Manhattan, and loothStreeteast of Third Avenue, the section most overlooked. Indeed, 
Ihe ohiigation to start this movement was forced upon its founders by disquieting reports 
from the schools and the neighborhood." The people are Jews, kalians, etc. 

Maintains religious services, and Sunday school; playground, library and reading 
room; penny provident fund; game room: classes in sewing, crocheting, cooking, drawing, 
kindergarten occupation work; piano, singing, orchestra: clubs for young people and chil- 
dren wiih athletic, social, literary, musical and other interests; lectures, entertainments, etc. 

Former Locatiok. 317 East looih St. 

Residents. Women ). Head Residents. Miss Purdell, Miss Pollock, Miss 
Sloame, Mr. Rodin, Mr. Robinson. Miss Salik, Miss Bamet, Mrs, Herschberg, Mrs, Wm, 
Hirsch. ,\nnis S. Chaikin. 1910-. 

Literature. Report, rgoS, 

Kennedy House (New Church) 

(Formerly New Church Settlement. 1906-Jan.. 1908) 
423 West 43rd Street 

Established December 2, 1906, by the New Church as an outgrowth of 
Ihe work of the Chapel of Divine Providence " lo be of service to all whom it may 
reach; making itself helpful both practically and spiritually; encouraging and 
assisting in the formation of classes and clubs which shall have an instructive, 
moral, and recreative value; and providing a Sunday school and chapel service 
for old and young. Our earnest hope is to make the work of the settlement a 
force in the building up of Christian character, entering into the needs of the 
people about us, helping them to meet these needs themselves, and bringing to 
them in a simple, sincere, and personal way the essential principles and practical 
lessons of right living." 

Neigfiborhood. The people are Germans. Italians and Irish. 

Maintains Sunday school and evening service; boarding home; kindergarten; 
penny provident bank; sewing school; library: classes in carpentry, physical culture, 
singing, piano; clubs for women, young people, and children, with athletic, social and 
literary aims; socials, dances, lectures and entertainments. Sumitur IVork. — Day oulings 


and picnics; fruil and flowers Ihrough Ihe National Fruit and Flower Guild; 
ca-operalion with Fresh Air agencies. 

Residents. Women 3, men 1. Head Residents. Mary E. Critchi 
1910. Rev. J. Paul Dresser, Oct., igro-. 

Margaret Bottome Memorial (Undenominational Center) H 

(Formerly The King's Daughters' House in Harlem) M 

3i6East 128th Street 

Founded July, 1900, by the King's Daughters' Circle of St. Andrew's 
Chapel for "religious, charitable and educational work upon settlement lines." 
Incorporated March 25, 1901, and July 6, 1907. 

Matntains relief work; religious meetings; kindergarten; library; boys' brigade; 
mothers' meeting; penny provident bank; dolhing sales; resident nurse. Summer Work. 
— Vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air societies. 

Volunteers. Women 24. Superintendent. M. Elida Coburn. 

Literature. Report, Jan.. 1904. 

Recreation Center and Neighborhood Rooms (Jewish) 
316 East Fifth Street 

Established 1908, by the Sisterhood of the Spanish and Portuguese Syna^ 
gogue "for relief and social work among residents of the tieighborhood." Sup- 
ported by the Sisterhood. 

Neighborhood. The Jewish quarter of New York. 

Maintains religious schools; library; penny provident bank; relief work; classes 
in dressmaking, embroidery and cooking; clubs for girls and boys and children; lectures in 
hygiene and nursing; mothers' and fathers' meetings, Summer ii'mk. — Mothers and 
children taken weekly on excursions; a summer camp maintained at Rockaway Beach, 
for working girls and boys. 

Head Residents. Miss Lass, June, 1908-May, 1909; Henriella Tucker, May, 

Welcome House Settlement (Jewish) J 

223 East Thirteenth Street (1909-) fl 

Established May, 1904, as a part of the work of Clara de Hirsch Home for' 

Immigrant Girls. The resident workers of the home felt that they wanted to 

know their neighbors and invited them in. 

Neiohbdkhooo. The people are largely Jews. 

Maintains library: penny provident bank; clubs for school children and young 
people, with dramatic, literary, social, and civic aims; civic club for adults. Lectures on 
sanitation and street cleaning in Yiddish to which the neighborhood householders are 
invited; a club of Hungarian-Jewish girls who come back to the house to meet; dances, 
plays, and various social events. Summtr IVork. — Vacation Home cares for 200 girls. 

E. Sixth St., May 1. 1904; 375 East loth St., May, igo6. 


Former Locations. 
Residents. Women 
Julia Rosenberg, May i, 1904-. 

Literature, Report, 1904- 




Wesley House (Methodist) 
212 East 58lh Street 

Established June 4. 1908, by the Madison Avenue Methodist Episcopal 
Church "to help the boys and girls and men and women to be better boys and 
girls and men and women, better home makers and a help to the community in 
which they live," 

MArNTAiNS feligloui work (Sunday reading hour, story hour, children's hour, 
Gospel meetingand mid-week meeting): kindergarten: playground; penny bank; classes 
in gymnastics, fencing ;ind military drill, millinery, cooking and housekeeping, sewing, 
English, stenography, bookkeeping, banking; clubs for women and children, with social, 
athlclic and musical interests. Summer Work. — Playground; play school; picnics, etc. 

Head Resident, Samh Libby Carson, June, 1908-. 

Literature. Leaflets — IVesUy House (Monthly), i. No. ( (Jan., 1909). 

[Houses marked with a star (*) have greater significance, considered from the 
settlement standpoint.] 

Children's Home Settlement 
(Once called Settlement for College Women) 
319 East Ti^th Street 
Organized 1902, "to demonstrate the merits of a religious social settle- 

•JuDsoN Memorial Church 
Sotith Washington Square 
Organized 1892. 

Mount Morris Baptist Church 

Third Avenue and isylh Street 
Organized 1907, "a church devoted to the ideals of social service." 

See Annual Reports of the Association of Catholic Charities. 1907, 1908, [909, 1910. 

The Barat Settlement 
396 Elizabeth Street 
Founded by the Alumnje of the Sacred Heart of Manhattanville for work 
among Italian children and girls. 

Maintains classes in sewing, dressmaking, cooking, and ralUa work, for children 
and working girls. Summer Work. — Excursions, flower dislribu lions. 


Miss Lombard's Settlement 

East Twenty-first Street 

"Miss Lombard, who teaches under the auspices of the University Ex- 
tension Society, engaged quarters at East Twenty-first Street, where her free 
time and that of the friends she can interest is given to the betterment of the 
children of the environs." — Report of Association of Catholic Charities, April. 
«907» P- 30. 

Sacred Heart Mission Among the Bohemians 
Church of St. John, East Seventy-third Street 

Established October, 1903, by the Alumnae of the Sacred Heart Academy, 
" to bring back to the Church Bohemians who have fallen away from the Faith 
through their children." 

Maintains library; boys' and girls' clubs; classes in sewing; entertainments, 
socials, lectures, etc. 

St. John's Italian Settlement 

308 Pleasant Avenue, Harlem 

Established February 2, 1906, for "work among the Italians of the upper 
Harlem district." 

Maintains Sunday school; kindergarten; day nursery; library; classes in sewing, 
cooking, physical culture; religious and social clubs for girls; weekly meeting of the 
boys of the Holy Name Society. 

St. Rose's 

257 East Seventy-first Street. St. Rose's Athletic Qub, 68th Street and 

Avenue A 

Organized October i, 1898, by the Very Rev. Clement M. Thuente. In- 
corporated 1901. Aims "to enlist Catholics of leisure in the personal service 
of the poor and to give religious instruction to the neglected and ignorant, 
whether children or adults." "What we are aiming at, broadly and generally, is 
to re-establish the common Christian brotherhood that united all classes to- 
gether in the olden time. We desire to see a vigorous apostolate by the well-to- 
do and educated classes at work among their humbler brethren. This alone 
will break down the wall of a separation built up during the last three centuries 
between the rich and the poor. It is chiefly for the more favored classes to 
bridge over or to fill up the chasm that has divided the nation into two peoples 
and produced that growth of social and religious evil which is a menace to the 
whole fabric of society." — Lenten Pastoral Letter of Cardinal Vaughan. 

Neighborhood. People are Irish, Bohemians, Italians, etc. 

Maintains free circulating library; branch of traveling library; sewing and cooking 
classes; gymnasium; classes in Christian Doctrine; social clubs for young people of both 
sexes; folk dancing and friendly vbiting; food, milk, and bread tickets given; clothing 
distributed. Christmas baskets sent to Rosaiy Hill, the Free Cancer Home, by St. 


Cecilia's Club <girlt). 5KiiiflMr Wort.— Picnics; vacalioni 
Fresh Air sodeiies. 

Head Resident. Rom Bain. 

Literature. St. Rose's Seltlemeni Pub. Opin.. 
St. Rose's Seltlement. Calbotk Niws, Feb, 14, igna. 


n co-operation with Cathdic 
(viii ; joa (March 8, 1900). 


Bethany Church 

Tenth Avenue and 35th Street 

•Calvary House 
103-106 East aind Street 
Calvary Church organized the Galilee Mission in 1884 to minister to 
homeless men, and later the Galilee Restaurant; Olive Tree Inn; the Tea 
Divan (for the sale of tea, coffee and spices); free reading room; and boys' 
club (1889). Calvary House opened 189& in a model tenement. Purposed 
"to get closer to the people of the neighborhood for influence, spiritual and 
social. Calvary House is a church settlement, and the root idea of the settle- 
ment is Friendship." 

Maintains religious serviiTei; kindergarten; bank; play hour; classes in gymnas- 
tics and kitchen garden; clubs for men and women, young people and children. 

Chapel of the Incarnation 
340 East Thirty-first Street 
Primarily parish activities. 

God's Providence House 
330 Broome Street 
Founded 1893, as an outgrowth of the day nursery (St. Barnabas House, 
i86i). Maintained by the City Mission Society. 
Neighborhood. People are Jews and Italians. 

Maintains religious services; day nursery; library; play room; penny provident; 
gymnasium; classes in city history, sewing, kitchen garden, dancing; clubs for mothers; 
parties and entertainments. 

Grace Church Neighborhood House 
94-96 Fourth Avenue 
Founded November, 1907. 

MAiNTAlNsday nursery; lunch room forwomen and girls; clubsfor boys and girls; 
Italian religious work: school of citizenship; clubs and classes. 


Grace Church Settlement 

413 East Thirteenth Street 

Founded, 1896, continuing Grace Mission, to be "a settlement plus rdi- 
gkMi." " Our distinctive work may be described as the union of definite parochial 
organization with unrestricted settlement work." See: Settlement Work of 
Grace Church. Cbar. Rev., viii : 418-425 (Nov., 1898). 

House of Aquila 

(Formerly Procathedral) 

130 Stanton Street 

Founded 1890. Maintained by City Mission Society. 

Neighborhood. People are Jews. 

Maintains church services; day nursery; kindergarten; gymnasium; bowling 
alley; pool room; classes in kitchen garden, housekeeping, laundry. 

Memorial House of St. George's Church 

203 East Sixteenth Street 

"The best thing that can be done for the reformation of a bad neighborhood 
is to plant in the midst of it not a model tenement, not a school, but a church. 
With a good church all other good things would follow logically. And by a good 
church is meant one which by its brotherly interest in the whole life of its neigh- 
bors gains confidence and affection and thus upon the basis of this gain, 

gains interest Every organization is vitally connected with the 

church. The ultimate object of each organization is not to amuse or even 
to instruct but to bind the members closer to the church." 

All have to be members of church or Sunday school. If not Sunday school, 
then a certificate has to be presented from some other church or Sunday school. 
Largely parochial. 

Neighborhood House of the Church of the Holy Apostles 

365 West 27th Street 
Founded 1902, by Rev. R. L. Paddock. Parochial activities. 

Parish House 

♦Church of the Holy Communion 

Twentieth Street and Sixth Avenue 

Organized by Dr. Muhlenberg, who originated many forms of parish ac- 
tivity since taken up by other churches. "While the church must study to 
improve the conditions under which they (the people) earn their daily bread, she 
must also make recognition of their needs of refreshment and pastime in mind 
and body as well as soul." 


■St. Bartholomew's 
209 EasI Forty-second Street 
Organized by Bishop Greer. Parish House. 1891. 
"The circumference of the Parish House is neither ecclesiastical nor 
humanitarian. The arc of the circle is not of an unvariable character, and any 
attempt to make our Chapel work dominate and comprise the clubs and schools 
or to coerce ihe chapel services into ethical and philanlhropical grooves would 
miss the wide purpose which you have caused to animate and inspire your assis- 
tants in Ihe Parish House." Rev. L. E. Learned in Year Book. 

St. Christopher's House 
316 East Eighty-eighth Street 
Founded rSgy. Supported by St. James Protestant Episcopal Church. 

St. Cyprian's 
175-177 West Sixty-third Street 
Founded 1905, "to give the nalion a shining example of what to expect 
from the sober, sane, and charitable treatment of its colored people." 

Maintains religious services; employment bureau; relief; sewing school; school 
lunches; dietkilchen; gymnasium (only one in Ihe city for colored people); balhs; baby 
clinic: classes in cooking, cobbling: girls' club; enlertainmenis, parties, etc. 

St. Michael's Parish House 

Amsterdam Avenue and Ninety-ninth Street 

Organized 1896. Parish House, 1903. Largely parochial work. 


East Side Parish House 
g Second Avenue 

The Italian Church and Settlement House 
1 14th Street and First Avenue 

People's Home Church 

543 East Eleventh Street 

"Thai Evangelism must be first is our experience. Teaching and healing 

have not handicapped in any way the ministry of preaching. In fact to quite an 

extent the listening ear was furnished by those who have been reached through 

the institutional agencies." 



♦Christ Church Memorial House 

334-344 West Thirty-sixth Street 

"The Church aims to present and make real that universal message of 
Christ by which He drew all men unto Himself. It tries to make people fed 
that they are welcome, and is ambitious to send the healing, strengthening, 
inspiring message of pure and undefiled religion into every heart and home in the 
crowded regions about its doors." 

John Hall Memorial Chapel and Young People's 

Association House 
First Avenue and East Sixty-third Street 
Organized 1891. 

♦Phelps Memorial House 

314-316 East Thirty-fifth Street 

Founded January i, 1895. Aims "to improve the general tone of tenement 
life in the neighborhood by church and settlement agencies. Under the auspices 
of Park Presbyterian Church." 

Parish House 

(Madison Square Presbyterian Church) 
432-436 Third Avenue 

♦Spring Street Neighborhood House 

244 Spring Street 
Organized 1900. 


Bethany Memorial 
Sixty-seventh Street and First Avenue 


Neighborhood House (Center) 

19 Adee Street 

Established October, 1908, under the auspices of the Philanthropic 
Section of the Woman's Club. Aims "to form an industrial and recreation 
center for the large foreign element in the factories of Port Chester." 

Neighborhood. Located in the factory section of Port Chester. The people arc 
Poles, Italians, Russian Jews, Slavs, and Hungarians. 

Maintains day nursery; savings bank; classes in cooking, artificial flower makings 
millinery, dressmaking, sewing; social clubs. The work, the bank excepted, is for girls. 

Garden class For boys organized in March. 5iiiRnur iVork. — Banking dcparlmenl and 
gardening classes; yard used as a playground during vacation. 
Volunteers. Women 38. 

Rhinecliff Memorial Building 

Founded January 8, 1908, by Hon. Levi P. Morion and Anna L. Morton, 
in memory of their daughter, Lena Morton. Aims "to provide an attractive, 
clean, wholesome place (or the use of the whole community: to add to the attrac- 
tiveness of village life; to provide educational and social opportunity for boys 
and girls." 

Neighborhood. " Rhinecliff is an atiraciive Utile village on the banks of ihe Hud- 
son opposite Kingston. It has several square miles of area and a population of about 600 
people. The men find employment on the railroads, and on the large estates which sur- 
round the village. It has three churches, — Catholic, Episcopal and Methodist. It has a 
t h reC'de part men t school that has an enrollment of about a hundred scholars. A number 
of new houses have been huill the past year and the inhabitants are Imbued with a spirit of 
civic pride. The village improvement commiltee is active and has brought about the 
lighting of the village." 

Maintains library; baths; savings; Rhinecliff Men's Association; Sunshine Club; 
Rhinecliff Boys' Club; classes in gymnastics and manual training for boys, and domestic 
science, sewing, and gymnastics for girls; boys' outings; lectures, enlertalDmenls, socials 
and outings. 

Resident Secretary. William H, Hughes, 1908-. 

Literature. A Work for an Entire Community. 1910 (Pamphlet). 

Practical Housekeeping Center 
227 Davis Street 
Established September, 1907, by a group of young women, known as the 
Association for Practical Housekeeping Centers, who wished: " I. To set an 
example in home-making and housekeeping, in proper sanitation, in orderly 
methods of work, and in wholesome food and attractive furnishing at a minimum 
cost. II. The multitudinous needs of the neighborhood suggest the usefulness 
of a large building or settlement house. It is not the purpose of this association ' 
to enter upon any such undertaking. Its school work is confined for Ihe most 
pari to simple and fundamental teachings in domestic science. Our neighbor- 
hood work is limited to an endeavor to put people in touch with their opportuni- 
ties through friends and institutions that already exist, and to interpret as best 
we may our Italian to our American citi^ens. The growth of the work is desired 
in the establishment of other centers in other neighborhoods. III. The classes 
were first organized in the little home at the initiative of the neighbors, until 
they grew at the end of the year into an organized school called the Housekeeping 
Center. The home was established by the association, but the school was not 
begun until the neighbors showed their desire. IV. The Housekeeping Center 


Stands among them as 3. neighborhood home, and as an educational institution, 
not a philanthropy. For the acts of service it can render, there are manifold 
opportunities for its neighbors lo render back in other ways. We encourage 
them to let us receive their helpfulness, of which we are in real need, as we per- 
suade them to receive ours. Therefore, we develop mutual confidence and co- 
Maintained by subscription. 
Neighborhood. The heart of an Italian colony. 

Activities. Instrumental in securing the speedy and just termination of 
a strike by Italian laborers for better wages. 

Maintains bureau of informitlan and protection for foreigners; clashes in sewing 
and cooking for girls, and chair caning for boys; English for adults; social evenings for 
families and young people; much informal social work. Summtr Worlt. — Open house; 
vacant lol gardens; milk depot; baths. 

Head Workers. Florence Cross, Sept., igoy-Jan., igio; (Mrs.) Margaret Man- 
ning, Jan., igio-. 

Literature. Authorcied Statements. Report, February, 1908 — Repon, 
May, 1909. Sit also: How a Settlement Settled a Strike. Suncy. xxiv ; 71 r-yia (Aug, 
30. 1910). 

Social Settlement of Rochester 
ijaBadenStreet (igoi-1904); 13 ViennaStreet (1909); 160 BadenStrcet (1910] 

Established May 15, 1901, by a small group of interested persons with 
an educational and social aim. Incorporated April 23, 1901. 

Neighborhood. The neighborhood is a tenement one of small cottage homes, and 
the people are Germans, Jeus, Italians, and Poles. 

Activities. Efforts to better the sanitary, economic, labor and moral 
conditions of the district; and to interpret them to the city. Led the agitation 
which resulted in the playground (1907) with directed play; the public baths; 
an adequate school building; the school center work, etc. Became the center 
of the neighborhood relief work in ihe fire of 1908. 

Maintains day nursery; kindergarten; library; penny provident bank; milk and 
baby clinic; clinics for children and adults; resident nurse; second hand clothing sales; 
weekly house dances; classes in housekeeping, shlrtwaisl making, embroidery, crocheting, 
cooking, gymnastics, games; clubs for women, young men and women, and children; 
numerous lectui;es, socials, entertainments, etc. Publishes The SilUcmenl Butlitin, now 
The Qmkihdb Good. Sumnur Work. — Summer industrial school; picnics and excursions: 
health work for children; vacations at the summer home. 

RisiDENTS, Women 3, men 1. Heud Resident. (Mrs.) Sara Vance Stewart, 

Literature. Autkoriied Statements. Year Book, 1904-5 — Tbt Seltlement 
BulMin (Monthly), i. No. 1 (March, 1907); ii. No. 1 (March, 1908); iii, No. 1 (March. 
1909). Became The Common Good. iv. No. 1 (Oct., 1910). 

Marshall Memorial Home (Jewish) 
321 Cedar Street 
Established November, 1907. by the Syracuse section of the Council of 
Jewish Women, and renamed in igio as a memorial for Mrs. Jacob Marshall. 
Aims "to improve the economic, industrial, recreational, and social conditions 
of the people in the neighborhood so far as that can be done through the estab- 
lishment of a social center." Incorporated 1910. 
The Jewish immigranl quarter. 
i library; penny provident bank; wood carving; games; debating; 
athletic and social clubs for boys; classes in sewing, darning, crocheting, and dressmaking, 
cooking, homemaking; working girls' club with varied interests, industrial and social. 
Sabbath school class for young girls whose parents do nol attend a Synagogue where there 
is an English-speaking Rabbi. Women's club; distributing guild (clothing, etc.); ad- 
visory bureau for Immigrant girls; volunteer service In the juvenile court; personal service 
of various sorts. Bible classes and classes in philanthropy. 

For Information address (Mrs.) Rose E, Thackeimer, 109 Mills Street, Onondaga 
Valley. New York, 

Prospect House Settlement (Center) 
60 Hudson Street. Summer House, Hartsdale, New York 
Established August ii. 1905, by Cerise E. A. Carmen, "to maintain a 

non-sectarian neighborhood house as a center of moral and intellectual influence. 
To strive with our foreign born neighbors and their children toward the attain- 
ment of the purest ideals of American citizenship. To promote the impartial 
and non-partisan study of civic, social, and industrial problems. To work for 
the mutual betterment of ourselves and our neighbors." "To bring men and 
women of education into closer relation wiih the working classes in this city for 
mutual advantages; to promote by legitimate means social and industrial reform 
for the betterment of society: toeslablish and maintain in the tenement districts 
places for the residence of suitable persons desirous of aiding in the work of 
a secular, non-sectarian and non-partisan nature, in which no religious doctrine 
shall at any time be taught, nor any religious service or ceremony held, under 
the auspices of, by, or for the association ; nor shall any of its club rooms or 
settlement buildings be let or sub-let, hired or loaned for the purpose of holding 
any religious service or ceremony or meeting for religious instruction or propa- 
ganda." Incorporated May 39, 1907. 

Neighborhood. "The dwellings of the neighborhood are in large measure owned 
by foreign-speaking people who apparently do not know or care about the sanitary code, 
which their buildings violate in from two to nine points. Almost all of the wooden build- 
ings, especially the rear tenements, are broken, filthy, disease-breeding. Unsanitary con- 
ditions everywhere obtain, and the overcrowding on some streets is as great as in the most 
congested blocks in New York, Ten persons living in a damp cellar, or twelve crowded 


into three dark rooms, is not uncommon. Many families take lodgers, some of them 
day and night sleepers, oa:upying the same beds. 

"The neighbors are Italian, Greek, Syrian, Russian, Polish, Hungarian. Ruthenian, 
Lithuanian, Slovak, Croatian, Irish, Gemian, colored American, and others. Probably 
2,ooo of these speak very little, ifany, English, even after five years' residence. Unskilled, 
but industrious, ihey are, nevertheless, seldom more than tv/o weeks removed from want. 
These new Americans, the Slavic young men especially, are keen to become good citizens. 
For the hundreds of young men and young women who seldom spend an evening outside 
Ihe neighborhood, the saloon dance halls and Prospect House are the only centers of recre- 
ation. Thirty-three saloons and eight saloon dance halls are within three minutes' walk 
of Prospect House." 

Activities. Actively interested in the juvenile court, and workers have 
served as voluntary probation officers. Constant efforts to secure better sani- 
tary conditions in its quarter. 

Maintains library; district nurse; day nursery and kindergarten; playground; 
stamp savings work; night school with classes in English and civics; vocation bureau; 
classes in basketry, raffia, carpentry, sewing, crocheting, cooking, and music; clubs for 
women, young people, and children, with athletic, dramatic, and literary aims; eaier- 
i. socials, dramatic performances, etc. Summer SVork. — Excursions and pici 
it the House Camp. 

Former Location, 11 Jefferson Street, 1905-1910, 

Head Resioent, Cerise E, A. Carmen (Mrs. J. G, Jack), 1905-1907; Ji 
Spargo. 1906-1907; Mrs, E, H. Haight, 1907-1911. 

Literature. I. Authohjieo Statements, First Report, August, 1906. Pro- 
spectus of Ihe Building Fund Campaign, Jan,, 1910. (Contains history,) 11. Articles 
OR Social Studies by Residents, Spargo, John; The Bitter Cry of the Children, N. Y., 
MacMillan Co,, 1906. Set also: Prospect House Settlement, Yonkers, Cbar. and Com- 
mons, KVii : 575 (Dec. 39, 1906) — Editorial Note on Change of Head Workers and Their 
Work. Cbai. and Commons, xviii ; 319 (May 18, 1907). 




The Log Cabin Settlement 

R. F. D. No. I 

Established September, 1894, by Susan Chester, a graduate of Vassar 
College, who, after visiting three city settlements, felt the need of such work 
in the rural districts. The settlement aims "to co-operate with a mission chapel 
and district school in the neighborhood, to revive the weaving industry, and to 
provide a good library for the community. The Log Cabin is owned and main- 
tained by Ihc founder and her mother." 

Neichbobhood, "The Log Cabin is in the country three miles from Ashcvillc, 
and in the early days seemed fir dislani from the town. It is now almost suburban, as 
the trolley has been introduced. The neighbors are the mountain people, the purest 
Americans to be found." 

Activities. Instrumental in organizing the "Log Cabin Library"; 
in starting more than one cottage library with twenty books; in building Grace 
Memorial Church to lake the place of the old chapel; in securing a playground 
for the children, etc. 

Maintains library; mothers'club; girls' club; woman's auxiliary; much informal 
friendly visiting covering distances of more than ten miles. Some members of the library 
walk eleven miles from their homes. 

Location. Grace Post Office was the first address, but with (he introductioa of 
rural delivery the Log Cabin was on Route 1, 

Residents. Women j. N on- residents. }■ Head Resident. (Mrs.) Susan 
Chester Lyman. 

Literature. College Settlements and Their Relation to the Church. Philadelphia 
CburebS!ai«!ard,i\i\y 17. idgi — A LogCabin College Setllemeni. OhWoo*, Jan., 1895 — 
A Log Cabin College Settlement. Ciurtimon, July 33, 1895, Set alio: West, Max: The 
Revival of Handicrafts in America. Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor. No. 5s, p. 1576 
(Nov , 1904). 

Club House (Presbyterian) 
Established 1909, by Rev. W. E. Finley," to do communily work." 
Supported by a grant from the Presbyterian Board of Home Missions and by 

Neighborhood. A town of a thousand inhabitants in the heart of the North 
Carolina mountains. 

Maintains newspaper; kindergarten; library; gymnasium; religious services; 


Sunday school; classes in cooking, sewing, gymnastics, and music; boys' and girls' dubs. 
Summer IVork. — Gardens; nature study; concerts. 

Residents. Women i, men i. Head Resident. Rev. W. E. Finley. 


Wesley House (Methodist) 

1 01 6 North Liberty Street (1909-) 

Established May 5, 1909, by the Board of City Missions, Methodist 
Episcopal Church South, "for the physical, mental, and moral uplift of the 
tobacco factory workers who live in the community." The work is supported 
by the Methodist churches of the city and by voluntary contributions. 

Neighborhood. A community made up of the people who work in the tobacco 
and other factories. The neighbors are illiterate Americans whose problems arise out of 
excessive child labor and ignorance. 

Maintains co-operation with Associated Charities in tuberculosis campaign and 
with Juvenile Protective Association; day nursery; sewing school; boys' clubs; shower 
baths; visiting in homes; assisting needy; religious services. 

Residents. Women 4. Volunteers. Women 20. Head Resident. Florence 
Blackwell, May, 1909--. 


The Jewish Settlement 
415 Clinton Street (1907-) 

Established Fall of iSgq, by a group of young Jewish men and women 
of Cincinnati "to teach English to the foreign born who need such instruction, 
to furnish class and club facilities to the people of its neighborhood, and to 
establish social relations between the social strata of Cincinnati." Became a 
center in 1904. Maintained since 1906 by the United Jewish Charities. 

Neighbokhood. a tenement section Inhabited very largely by Jews. 

Maintains public school kindergarten; public school class of defective children; 
library: public baths; headquarters of a Co-operation Loan and Building Company; 
English classes for immigrant men and women; Yiddish and Russian library; ciliienship 
class; tearoom; meeting rooms for lodges and societies; molhers'dub; various organiza- 
tions to develop self-action along social lines; entertainments. lectures, concerts and plays 
in Yiddish. There are clubs of various kinds for working girls and boys: classes in gym- 
nastics, civics, singing, cooking, etc; play-room and play-classes for children; instruction 
in Hebrew. Sumtntr ifork. — Day outings and excursions. 

Former Location. 151) Elm Street, 1899-July. 1907. 

Head Residents. S, G. Lawenslein, 1899-1900; Leo Mannheimer, 1900-1901: 
Clara Block. 1901-1903; Essie Fleischmann, 1901-1904: Alex. Landesco, 1905-1906; 
Isaac Spectorsky. 1906-1907. Superintendent. Boris D. Bogen, 1907-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Reports of the settlement and of the 
United Jewish Charilies. Sti also: Spectorsky. Isaac: The Newcomer and the Night 
School. Cbar. atid Commons, xvii : 891 (Feb, 16, 1907). 

Union Bethel Settlement (Undenominational) 

Settlement House, 501-503 East Third Street. Lodging House, }o8 Front 

Street. Working Girls' Hotel. Third and Lyile Streets 

Established 1903, by the Cincinnati Union Bethel (Association founded 

in 1848 and incorporated in 186)) "to provide for the spiritual and temporal 

welfare of river men and their families also to gather in and 

furnish religious instruction and material aid to the poor and neglected chil- 
dren of Cincinnati and vicinity, and to make such provision as may be deemed 
best for their social elevation; also, to provide homes and employment for the 
destitute, to do "prevention' work on settlement lines." The corporation also 
controls a lodging house for men on Front Street, and a hotel for working women 
at Third and Lytle Streets. The settlement is distinct from all the other 




Neighborhood. "Much of our conslituency is compoMd of the dcKcov^ 
dependent class. The people are largely Americans and Irish- Americans, with a sprink- 
ling of others. The Catholics are slightly in preponderance." 

Activities. The settlement gymnasium director is summer city director 
of the playground in front of the house. The head worker had a part in securing 
the new tenement house law; and as president of the Newsboys' Protective 
Association secured ordinances on street trades; and with others keeps a watchful 
eye on the course of city and state social legislation. 

Maintains day nursery; resident nursing service; dispensaries; relief including 
school scholarships; legal aid; men's club; women's club; boys' and girls' ctubi; boys' 
and girls' gymnastic work; boys' brigade; sewing; cooking; instrumenul and choral 
music; stenography; reading room; entertainments; Sunday school. Summer H^orlt.— 
Special equipment and open nightly; day outings and excursions; girls' camp; vacant lot 

Residents. Women 8, men 6. Volunteehs. lOo. Head Resident. James 
0. While. 1903-. 

Literature. Authorized Articles. Yearbooks of the Cincinnati Union Bethel, 
1904-. Ste also: Cincinnati Union Bethel, Cbai. avd Commons. xi\ : 143S Han. \S, 

The University Settlement 
224 West Liberty Street. Summer Home, New Richmond, Ohio 

Established in 1899 by Dr- Philip Van Ness Myers of the Uni 
of Cincinnati, Aims "to be a rallying point for all the forces of righteo 
and progress, educational and social, of the neighborhood in which it stands. 
The settlement is meant to be a typical American home, presided over by intel- 
ligent men and women who wish to be on cordial terms with all their neighbors, 
and who invite these neighbors, especially the boys and girls, to come there 
for rational amusement, for talks about profitable matters, and for light upon 
all the problems of a great city which makes honest and clean living possible." 
(1909.) Incorporated 1906. Maintained by subscription. 

Neichborhood. a crowded neighborhood of closely buill tenements and facto- 
ries. The people are largely of German descent, though there are Negroes close by and 
Hungarians are beginning to move in. The community is thrifty and industrious, and 
the people are anxious la advance. 

Activities. Co-operated in advancing the playground movement, and 
has headed a growing demand for the larger use of the public schools by con- 
ducting gymnastic classes in a nearby school. 

Maintains clinic; library and reading room; savings bank; women's, boys' and 
giris' clubs; classes in carving, music, sewing, cooking, folk dancing, story hour for chil- 
dren; gymnastic work for boys two evenings a week in the neighboring gymnasium of the 
Sisth District School. Summer tVork. — Owns a finely constructed summer home at 
New Richmond. Ohio, capable of entertaining forty people at one time. 

Residents. Women 2, men 5. Volunteers. Women )o, men u. Head 
Residents. Dr. William Duttera, 1899-1900; Mary DeLuce, igoo-rgoi; C. M. Hub- 
bard, 1901-1902; J. G. Steward, 1903-190;; Royal S. Melendy, T906-1907; Daniel 
Burke, 1907-1908; Frank N. Miner, Oct., 1908-. 

OHIO 959 

Litenture. I. Author) ied Articles. Circulars — Annual Report 1905-* — 
Univtnily StlUimenl Rev., i. No. I (Nov., 1906) — Reporl, November. 1909. Set also: 
Some New Sclllemcnis. Commons. Jan. jl, 1900, p. 10 — Universily Soi:bl Selllcment. 
Commons, ixiaig (May, 1904). II. Articles by Residents. Mclendy, Royal S,: 
How Manage Municipal Play Centers ? Cbar. and Commom. xviii : 541 (Aug. ), 1907). 


Olmsled, MJllicent; Social Settlements in Cleveland. Ptaiti Dialrr, Mar. 1;, [900. 
Housing Reform in Cleveland. Cbarilies, xi : lu (Feb. 7, 190)). 
Bibliography on Social Setilements. Prepared and published by the Public 

Cleveland's Playground Commission. Char ^ and Com-mons. m : 139 (Apr. 3j, 1908). 
A Co-operative Employment Bureau in Cleveland. Cbar. atid Commons, xxi : 168 
(Oct, ji, 1908). 

To Adjust the Work of Women. Cbar. and CommoHi, xxi ; 9j8-9;9 (Feb. i), 1909). 

The Alta House 

Corner Mayfield and Fairview Streets 

Established October 1 5, 1900, by John D. Rockefeller, as the outgrowth 
of a day nursery and kindergarten begun in September, 1895, under the Cleve- 
land Day Nursery and Kindergarten Association. Aims "to help to educate 
the children mentally, morally, and physically, and through them to aid 'n 
every effort to elevate and purify home life and the life of the neighborhood," 
Maintained by Mr. Rockefeller. 

NEioFtBORHcxiD. The oulskirts of Cleveland in an Italian community of about ten 
thousand people. The people are largely laborers but many of them own their own houses. 
The evils are those of ignorance and the possibility of separateness from the rest of the 

Activities. Oversight of public sanitary conditions. 

Maintains public playground and athletic field; two kindergarlens; dispensary 
and visiting nurse: milk iliipensary; public baths: public laundry: gymnasium; legal 
aid office: branch of public library: savings: classes in gymnastics, manual training, wood- 
work, iron work with forge, clay modeling. drawinK. sloyd, copper work, basketry, sewing, 
and cooking: clubs for young people, men, and women; several benefit societies meet 
at the house; many clubs have musical interests; there are two bands, much musical in- 
struction, and dramatic work; crafts and other exhibitions: numerous lectures, concerts, 
etc, Summer ffrVft.^Summer kindergarten: children's gardens; home gardening; win- 
dow box gardening; playground; many picnics and excursions, and some vacations in co- 
operation with Fresh Air societies. 

Residents. Women 10, men 6. Volunteers. Women )o. men 10. Head 
Residents. Katherine E. Smith, 1900-1901: Dr. Jane E, Robbins, 1901; K. M. Hurl- 
burt, 1901-190;: (Mrs.) M, J, Manning, 1903-1904 (Temporarily in charge): John Henry 
Lot!, 1904-, 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Report, May, 1903. Sti also: Alta 
Social Settlement. Commons, Nov., 1901, p. 18 — Alta House, Cleveland. Cbaritief. 


viii : 474 (May 34, 1902) — Smilh, Katharine E.: The Year at Alta Hoose. ( 
May, 1901. 

Council Educational Alliance Qewish) 

3754 Woodland Avenue and Thirty-eighth Street ([909-). Summer Home. 

Camp Wise, Lake Erie, Stop 133 

Established September, 1909. Continuing the social center founded 
April 6, 1899, by the Council Educational Alliance in co-operation with the 
Cleveland Council of Jewish Women through the union of the Alliance work 
for girls {1894) and the Council work for men and boys (1899). Aims "to do 
educational and philanthropic work." Incorporated April, 1899. 5up| 
by the Federation of Jewish Charities. 

Neighborhood. Jewish immigranl quarter. 

Activities. Work for the sanitary betterment of its district; an educa- 
tional campaign for play spaces, baths, etc.; and stimulated the city to better 
the moral conditions of the quarter by enforcing the laws. 

Maintains branch of the public library, visiting nurse, gymnasium and swimming 
pool. Sabbath school, night school: legal aid society; iminigranl aid society; synagogue; 
chorus, orchestra; dramatics; reading room and Yiddish books for immigranis: lectures, 
enlcrtainments, etc. Classes in carpentry, sloyd, printing, cooking, sewing, etc. 5unM«r, 
Work. — Social and club work; picnics and excursions; vacations at Camp Wise 
try house of the settlement. 

Former Location. 300 Woodland St., [899-1909, 

Residents. Women 4, men 3. Volunteers. Women 310, men , 
Residents. Max Carton, 1909-1910; -Hilda Muhlhauser, Fall, 1910-. 

Literature. 1. Authorized Statements. First annual report. May, 169^ 
Nov., [900. II. Articles bv Residents, Horwitz, Frances (Mrs. Spectorsky): The 
George Eliot Literary Circle. IndepetidenI, Aug. I, 1895. _^^ 

i to tia 

East End Neighborhood House ^^M 

2444 East Eighty-ninth Street 

Established May, 1910, as the outgrowth of social work begun 1908 by 
Rev. W. R. Slearly and Emanuel Protestant Episcopal Church. Aims "to 
help the child to help himself, and to be good neighbors to the people of the 
community." Independent and non -sectarian. Incorporated May 17, 1910. 
Supported by subscriptions. 

Neichborhood. Factory district. The people are Bohemians. Hungarians, and 

Maintains library; classes for girls in sewing, dressmaking, and cooking; recrea- 
tion, game and stoiy telling clubs; evening clubs for working girls; classes for boysjij, 
knife work, clay modeling, and games; evening clubs For older boys. '' 

Residents. Women 1. Volunteers. Women 16, men j. 

Head Worker. Hedwig A. F. Kosbab. 

OHIO 39s 

Eleanor B. Rainey Memorial Institute 
1 52 J East Fifty-fifth Street 

Established 1904, "to provide physical, industrial, and mora! training 
and wholesome recreation (or the people of the neighborhood." Supported 
by the heirs of E. B. Rainey. 

NeiOHBORHOOD. "Our constituency consists largely of English, Irish, Germans, 
Bohemians, Swedes, and PoTes, many of whom are connecied with the shops and factories 
in the neighborhood." 

Maintains gymnasium, athletic classes and events; boys' brigade; classes in 
sewing and cooking; clubs for women, young people and children; numerous socials, 
parties, entertainments, etc. Also a manual training department in which instruction is 
given in carpentry, brass work, wood carving, mechanical drawing, and cobbling. 

Volunteers. Women jo. 

[■itenture. AuTHOkiien Statements. Report W. C. T. U., 1908, p. 4; ff. 

Goodrich Social Settlement 

612 St. Qair Street (1897-). Gymnasiums, Senora Avenue, N. E., and 1416 

East jist Street. Goodrich House Farm, Euclid Point. Ohio 

Established May 20, 1897, by Mrs. Samuel Mather, as an outgrowth of a 
boys' club and women's guild conducted by the First Presbyterian Church. 
Aims "to provide a center for such activities as are commonly associated with 
Christian social settlement work." Incorporated May 15, 1897. Maintained 
by endowment. 

NEicHBOHHOon. Far "downtown" in a mixed factory and tenement district. 
The population is largely of American, Irish, and German extraction, but there are many 
Poles. The neighborhood while narrow (only a few blocks wide) is veiy long (about ta'o 
miles) and the movement of population tends to put the house at one end of its quarter. 
Work is carried on in two cottages at 1416 East Thirty-first Street and the neighboring 
public school, which are in the geographical center of the Goodrich House constituency. 

Activities. Various studies of the quarter have been made {largely 
unpublished). Residents supplied material for the Committee of Fifty on the 
Social Substitutes for the saloon, and for a local housing investigation. The 
[and for the first public playground in Cleveland was purchased by trustees of 
the house and the playground conducted under the direction of residents; the 
city home gardening work originated in the settlement, as did the penny savings 
work, district nursing. Society for Promoting the Interests of the Blind, the 
Consumers' League, etc. Residents have also been of service in the depart- 
ments of health; education; public charities; in the movement for a "safe and 
sane Fourth"; for regulating moving pictures; investigating amusement halls; 
and formulating newsboy legislation. During the winter of 1908-09 Mr. Wools- 
ton was lecturer on applied sociology at Western Reserve University, and Wil- 
liam Norton carried on the course during the winter of 1909-10, During the 
year 1909-10 a course somewhat similar to a school of philanthropy was given 
to fifty social workers at Goodrich House by Professor Cutler, Mr. Norton, 
and speakers from out of town on special subjects — such as housing, etc. 


MAtNTAiNS kindergarlen; cripple kindergarlen; clinic, nuning service, and nflfc 
dispensary; public baths; laundry; employment agency; industrial work for the blind; 
playground: classes in nursing, cooking, domestic science, sevving. drawing, dandnB,nuM]d- 
ing, woodwork, pottery, printing, gymnastics, etc. There are clubs for men (special 
quarters), women, young people, and children; instruction in music; orchestra. The house 
is a meeting place for many independent clubs and societies, and there are frequent neigh- 
borhood parties, socials, lectures, etc. Publishes the Goodrich House Record. Summer 
H^ork. — Playground; infants' health work; children's gardens; excursions and picnics; 
settlement country house which provides accommodations for sll ages and is within caiy 
reach of the city. Maintained a vacation school for a number ot years. 

Residents. Women 13, men 9. Volunteers. Women 30, men 16. Head 
Residents. Starr Cadwallader, 1897-190); Rufus E. Miles. Sept., 1903-4; Maiion 
Campbell, 1904-5; Howard Woolston, Fall, 1905-7; J- H. Chase, 1907-1910; Dr, E. A. 
Peterson, 1910-, 

Literature. 1. Authorized Statements. Reports 1898, 1900 — Goodrich 
House Record. See also: Work of Goodrich House, Cleveland. Ann. Amet. Aead. oj 
Pol. and Soc. Sei., xi : i}4-i36 (Jan.. 1898), 

II. Articles OR Social Studies BY Residents, Buell, Lucy Benton: An Experi- 
ment in City Home Gardening. Commons, Mar., 1904, pp. 78-81 — Cadwallader, Starr: 
A Study of the Saloon and Some of Its Substitutes in Cleveland. Commons. Apr., 1901. 
The Relation of the Settlement to the Neighborhood, Chautauqua Assembly Herald, July 
10, 1902. The Relation of the Settlement to the Community. The Chautauqua AtsemMji 
Heiald, Juiy 11, 190J — Chase, John B.: Playground Directors. The Playground, July, 
1909 — Norton, William J,: Life in the l-odging Houses. Cleveland Press, Jan., 1907 
(6 articles). Chief Kohler of Cleveland and his Golden Rule Policy. OuOook. Nov. 6, 
1909. University Lectures (Unpublished): Life in Cleveland. (1) Cleveland, Its Social 
Growth, Its Peopleand HowThey are Housed; (a) Public Control of Health; (5) Private 
Control of Health: (4) Education; (5) Recreation; (6) Poverty and Outdoor Relief; 
(7) Crimeand theTreatmentof AdultCriminals; (9) Treatmentof the JuvenileOffender; 
(10) The Defective and His Treatment — Papers: The Tramp Problem in Ohio, 1907. 
(Unpub.) Street Boys in Cleveland, 1908. (Unpub.) — Stevens. Bertha: A Study of 
Women's Work in Cleveland. Pamphlet. May. 190S — Woolston, Florence; Maziiiii, 
A Prophet of the New View, Cbar, and Commons, xviii : 387-381 (July 6. 1907), ^^H 

HtRAM House ^^M 

Main Building, 2723 Orange Avenue, S. E. (March, 1900-). Nearby on Oriuige 
Avenue are the Gymnasium and Auditorium, Model Cottage house- 
keeping center, four residence cottages, and Hiram House 
Playground. Summer Plant, Hiram House 
Camp, Chagrin Falls, Ohio 
Established July 3. 1896, by George A. Bellamy and group of residents, 
"to provide a center for higher civic and social life; to promote physical and 
moral instruction and improvement; and to assist in efforts making for neigh- 
borhood betterment." Incorporated 1898. 

Neichborhood. a mixed factory and tenement quarter. "The original site of 
Hiram House had 90 per cent Hebrews. Now 90 per cent are Italians, The congestion 
has increased 100 per cent. Moral conditions on many blocks are serious." — 1909. 



Activities. Efforts for sanitary betterment in co-operaiion with the city 
departments. Made several investigations into the housing of the neighbot- 
hood. furnished material which assisted in securing more adequate housing laws 
and increased public school accommodations, play spaces, public baths and 
recreational facilities. Its own playground has provided the only play space 
in its district; and its baths are now being carried on by the city. It has from 
time to time used its influence for the election of a better type of ward officials, 
and through its civic educational work with young people has raised the neigh- 
borhood standard of political service, and furnished to the city several notably 
public-spirited city officials. 

Maintains public library and reading room; kindergarten: penny provident 
bank; elinkanddislrict nurse; milkjtalion; playground and winter skaiiog rink; recrea- 
tion rooms and gymnasium; classes in English, sewing, cooking, crocheting, shirlwaisi 
making, embroidery, music (piano and singing); gymnasiics. manual training, printing, 
skclching, singing, clubs for adults, young people and children; orchestra; many entertain- 
ments, lectures, socials, etc. Summer Work. — Playground, organized as " Progress City," 
including industrial, play and civic training; milk and baby hygiene work; summer camp 
with provision for all classes; picnics, excursions, etc. Spring and fallparlies to thecamp. 

Former Locations, 37J Washington St., July, 1896-October, 1896; 141 Orange 
St., Oct., 1896-Spring, 1897; 183 Orange St., Spring, 1897-1900. 

Resioests. Women ai. men 14. Vdlumteeks. Women 4a, men 70. Head 
Resident. George A- Bellamy. 1896-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Reports by Warden. Hiram Houii 
ii/r. April, 1899; March, 1900: May, 1901; May, 1903; Sept., 1904 — Reports. 1905, 
1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, igio — Hiram House Life, i. No. 1 {Apr,, 1899); ii, No, 1 (Oct., 
■ 999); iii, No. I (Jan.. 1901): Bellamy. George A.; Wark in a Selllement. Chrislian Cen- 
tury, Nov. 34, 1904. 

Set also: Cleveland's New Settlement. Commons, Aug., 1896 — Hiram House 
Settlement. Oulhoi, liv : 399-300 (Aug. i}, 1896) — Social Work in Cleveland- Com- 
mons. Oct., 1896 — Description of Hiram House. Outlook. Iv ; 851 (Mar. 37. 1897} — 
Hiram House. Commons, June, 1897 — Hiram House. Commons, Avg., 1897 — Carlton, 
Elizabeth: Work for Girls at Hiiam House. Social Sertice, Feb., 1904 — Hiram House, 
Cleveland. Commons, Nov., 1904, pp. S7a-574 — McCiure, W. Frank: Social Settlements. 
Knu Age M.. July, 1906 — Griffin, Mary: A Settlement Meeting Neighborhood Needs. 
Char, and Commons, xvii ; 1047 {Mar. 9, 1907) — Bushnell, C. J,: Hiram House. WorW 
Today, nii ; 533 — Poole, Ernest: The Story of Manual Levine. Oullock, Oct. 36, 1907. 

Lend-a-Hand House (Undenominational) 
Corner Cedar and East Seventy-seventh Streets 
Established 1891, by Florence Harkness "for social and religious work," 
Incorporated 1892. 

Maintains day nursery; kindergarten: kindergarten training school; library and 
reading room; gymn.islum and boys' club; sewing school; Sunday school; Sunday even- 
ing religious services; midweek Bible classes. 


1 6, 1 

and Mrs. W. S. 




West Side Cottage (Methodist) 

3000 Bridge Avenue 

Established 1904, as a branch of the Methodist Episcopal D 

Home. Aims " to meet the varied needs of the neighborhood as we are able." 

Neiohbohhooo. Mixed; Hungarian prevailing. 

Maintains day nursery; kindergarten: classes in kitchen gardening and sewing; 
clubs for boys; branch of the Babies' Dispensary and Hospital; certified 
penny savings; neighborhood visiting. 

Head Resident, Mary E. Johnston. Deaconess. 


South Side Settlement (Methodist) 

)|8 Barthman Avenue 

Established September, 1909, by the committee on settlement work of 
the Deaconess Board, "to elevate the large population of foreigners in the neigh- 
borhood." Maintained by the Woman's Home Mission Society of the different 
Methodist churches of Columbus and throughout the Ohio Conference. 

Neighborhood. "The center of a population of from three to four thousand 
foreigners, among whom you will find Hungarians. Italians, Austrians, Poles. Slavs, 
Belgians, French, and many others," 

Maintains kindergarten; dispensary; disirici nurses; classes in sewing; Boys' 
Improvement Club; mothers' meeting. Summer Worit.^ Dispensary. 

Residents, Women 1, men 1. Volunteers. Women 8, men 5. Supek iw- 
Tendent. Josie B. Hillman, ^H 

Literature. Leaflet. ^^H 

St. Paul's Neighborhood House (Center) ^H 

950 Curtis Avenue 
Established February, 1910, by St. Paul's Episcopal Church. "Our 
principal aim is to be good neighbors." Maintained by the church, but no 
religious work attempted. 

ly of the Pan Handle Railroad shops and yards. 
which manufacture railroad supplies. The popula- 
The houses for the most part are poor, dirty and in 
criminal, there is much disregard for law and order." 
:h of public library; sewing school ; boys' clubs; girls' 
clubs for dressmaking and domestic science. Considerable carefully regulated charily 
:r direction of the Associated Charities, 

For information address Rev. John M, McGann, Rector St, Paul's Church. 

West Side Settlement (Congregational) 

(Formeriy The Woman's Guild Settler 
51 1 West Broad Street 
Established May, 1905, by the Woman's Guild of the First Congre 
tional Church. Maintained by women of the guild. 

There are also large industrial 
tion is mainly American wage- 
bad repair. While the people 
IS kindergai 



Called " Happy Hollow," adjacent to the railroad tracks. 

Maintains kindergarten; library and reading room; district nursing service; kit- 
chen garden: classes in gymnasium (boys, girls, and married women), music (piano and 
chorus), sewing, and cooking; dramatic club; mothers' club; summer gardens. 

Residents. Women i, men i. Volunteers, ijioao. Managers, Mr and 
Mn.J. W. Sleppey. 

GoDMAN Guild House 
468-470 West GoodaJe Street (Nov., 1900-) 

Established 1898, by persons connected with the Ohio State University 
"to carry on social settlement work." In June, 1899, the Neighborhood Guild 
Association of Columbus was incorporated "to provide a center for a higher 
civic and social life; to institute and maintain educational and philanthropic 
enterprises; and to investigate and improve the conditions in the industrial 
districts of Columbus." Aims " to meet primarily the conditions in one section 
of Columbus and to extend its influence and activities lo other sections of the 
city as soon as its elTieiency permilicd. To extend social education and civic 
responsibility." Supported by endowment and subscription. 

Neighborhood. "A congested tenement district, bounded on two sides by fac- 
tories and railway yards: with some 'business,' — nearly half saloons. The houses are 
largely one and Iwo-story frame dwellings: largely with city water, though there are many 
wells. Nearly one-halF are without sewer connection. The 'alley' streets, upon which no 
drainage is provided, outnumber the main ones. The lighting is only fair. Lax housing 
and sanitary regulations, unreliable garbage colleclion. the promiscuous use of alleys and 
vacant lots as dumping grounds, and the prevalence of un paved streets, makeit diflicult to 
secure any considerable Ira ns forma lion in either the physical or moral aspect of the quarter 

"The problem of the neighborhood seems to be one of the larger civic and social 
communities, — this neighborhowl is powerless to bring about its own social improvement 
by itself. It is the product of forces without itself and can be substantially improved only 
by the modification of these forces which have made it. The neighborhood is like a man 
with a millstone upon his breast. Society and the slate has put the millstone there and 
the neighborhood cannot rise until society and the stale have helped to roll the stone away. 
We are meeting this civic and social problem by some elloris for public education and 
legislation only. In the settlement itself we are working to understand and perform the 
vital process of real association that we may hold our young people over into citizenship 
and that we may help the adult to understand well the business of men and women. In 
the settlement we wish all members to take greater responsibility, enjoying commensurate 
Freedom and the privilege of the experience of real democracy. 

"The population is Irish-American. Negroand Italian in the order named. German, 
Welsh, Hungarian. Jewish, and Lithuanian nationalilies are present in small numbers. 
Negroes and Italians are rapidly increasing. — the 1 lalians getting the economic advantage." 

Activities. Influential in spreading the social settlement idea in 
Columbus. It has given workers for social and civic betterment (heir first 
experience in that field. Assisted actively in securing child labor laws, munici- 
pal playgrounds, baths, and social centers; secured the co-operation of civic 
bodies and business associates for public comfort stations, deaning-up campaigns, 
elc. It has the co-operation of the neighborhood improvement association, 


and is now organizing a neighborhood charity committee composed of bnsi- 
ness men and representatives of charitabl,.- societies and churches. 

Maintains clubs, gymnasium, and domestic science classes drawn from the entire 
city. The nursing and dispensary work is in co-operation with the district nurses and in- 
cludes simply the general neighborhood as does the charity work, in which the settlemeni 
acts in an advisory way and ci>-operaIes with the charitable societies. The house probation 
officer confines her work to the general neighborhood. Ail olhcr branches are practically 
neighborhood activities, i. e., the library and reading room, game rooms, baths, etc 
Summer Work. — House open to the neighborhood the entire year. Clubs and classes 
only are discontinued during the summer. Special summer features; the playground, 
free baths (or children; summer classes in housekeeping for girls; home gardens (or 
children; summer camp (Flint Station, O.) 

Former Location. 465 W. Goodale St., 1898-1900. 

Residents. Women 5, men 4. Volunteers. Women ji, men 16. Head 
Residents. Mr. and Mrs. Franklin Schalt, 1898-190); Wallace E, Miller, June, 190J- 
June, (906; Charles K. Holbrook, Aug.. 1906-June, 1908; J. W. Wheeler, October, 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Seventh Annual Report, 190$ — State- 
ments, 1906 and 1910. See alio: Neighborhood Guild. Columbus Sunday DeipaUh, 
Feb. 4, 1900 — Bell, F, L,; Social Settlemenls. Columbus, O. — ^n«, /*mer. Acad ef 
Pol, and Soc. Sci., xix ; 175-8 (May, 190a) — Report, Columbus Chamber of Commerce, 
1910. Committee on Charities and Correction — Some New Settlements. Commons, 
Jan. 31, 1900 — The Neighborhood Guild. Commons, Jan., [90 1 — The First Neighbor- 
hood Guild. Charities, \n : 9;^ (Sept. 14. 1904). 


North Toledo Settlement ^^H 

3146 Summit Avenue 
Established October 23. 1904, under private auspices, and controlled by 
a council of women, "to provide educational and social advantages in an in- 
dustrial community." 

North Toledo is largely a tenement quarter. The people are 
French-Canadian. American, and German, 

TAINS clubs for boys and girls, young people and women. Classes in sewing, 
sloyd and gymnastics. Summer IVork. — Playground and library. 

Women 1. Volunteers. Women 8, men a. Head Residents. 
Mary Moore, Oct,, 1905-Sept.. 1906; Elizabeth Bailey, Sept., 1906-June, 1908; Clara L. 
Adams, June. 1908-Dec. 35, 1909; Agnes Aitken, Jan, 1, igio-June, 1910: (Mrs.) Harriet 
N. Chase. Oct., 1910-. 


Christ's Mission Kindergarten Center (Undenominational 

33 Doud's Alley (Sept., 1908-} 

Established 1904, as an outgrowth of a Gospel Mission, sewing school, 

and mothers' meeting (begun in 1893), and three kindergartens (1895), "for 



religious and social work." "To save the soul you must save the man." Non- 
seclarian. Incorporated February 13, 1902. 

Neighborhood. "An Lmmigrant quarter of the cily. The housing Is bad: Ihtee 
lenements are built upon a lot. About 1600 unmarried foreigners live in boarding housi^s, 
mostly saloon boarding houses. There are ihirty-two nalionalities in Youngstown; 
sixteen of which are represented in our night school and twelve in the kindergarten 
There are more Italians than any other nationality, but there are many Slavs. Hungarians, 
Poles, Greeks. Syrians, etc." 

Maintains chapel service; Bible school; gospel meetings; two kindergartens; day 
nursery; public laundry; shower baths; rummage sales: employment agency; sewing 
school; night school for foreigners; classes in sewing, cooking, physical culture, basketry, 
and music; health talks; musical service; socials. Summer IVorb, — Vacations for children 
at the Union Fresh Air Camp; playground; night school; open air Gospel meetings and 
Sunday School; employment agency. 

Former Locations. 408 East Federal St., iB^^-April, 190;. Near ]6o East 
Federal St.. Apr., i^^-i^dS. 

Residents. Women 7, men i. Head Residents. Alberta Pailenon, Aug., 
1904-Sepl.. 1908; Rev. P. H. Metcalf, Sept., 1908-. 

Literature. Authorieed Articles. Reports. 1907, 1908, 1909 (contains chron- 

Neighborhood House (Center) 
FouNpEi> 1896, by the Portland section of the Council of Jewish Women 
"to be a center of neighborhood activity." 

Neighborhood. The people are Russians, Hungarians, Italians, Slavs, etc. 
Maintains library : kindergarten; night school; sewing school; cooking school; 
manual training: gymnasium; mothers' meetings; dances; visiting. 

Fur information apply to Mrs. S. M. Blumauer. Portland, Oregon. 




Neighborhood House (Presbyterian) 

324 East Third Street 

Established March, 1910, by the Woman's Home Missionary Society of 
the First Presbyterian Church, "to raise the standard of living and make better 
citizens of the foreigners in the neighborhood." Maintained for six months by 
this society, then as the work grew beyond the local organization it was given 
over to the Erie Presbyterian Society for Home Missions. 

Neighborhood. The people are Italians, Poles, Slavs, and Russians. 
Maintains kindergarten; sewing school; girls' club; story hour; mothers' meeting. 
Head Worker. Ruby K. Badger, 1910-. Volunteers. Women 5. 



Swift, Morrison I.: The Social University, 1890. 

Davies, Anna F.: Settlements in Philadelphia, Commons, November, 1901, pp. 
7-9. A Glance at the Philadelphia Settlements. Commons, May, 1905, pp. 295-300. 

Dinwiddie, Emily W.: Housing Conditions in Philadelphia. (Octavia Hill Assn., 
Report, 1904.) Some Aspects of Italian Housing and Social Conditions in Philadelphia. 
Charities, xii : 490-493 (May 7, 1904). 

The College Settlement 

433 (1899), 431 (1900), 429 (1902), 435 (1905) Christian Street (1905-); 
502 South Front Street (1902-); 100 Lombard Street (1903-). Social Center 
at Wrightsville, Point Breeze. Country House, Chalkley Hall, Frankford. 
Use of houses at Ocean City and in the country lent by Fanny Cochran, 
Ocean City. 


Established in September, 1899. Supported by a grant from the College 
Settlements Association, by subscriptions, and by board of residents. 

Neighborhood. Located in the most markedly foreign quarter of Philadelphia. 
"As Poles, Germans, Russians, and Italians, with other nationalities in less numbers, have 
poured into southeastern Philadelphia, they have pushed before them the earlier inhabitants. 
The lower strata of the displaced population are always the last to be affected. As the 
more free and able element departs it weakens or destroys, by the mere departure, the 
developed forms of communal life. Schools, churches, libraries, and local associations 
lose their vitality so far as the locality in question is concerned. The incoming population 



findi the malenal shell of a vaniihing socjeiy. which leaves, In general, only if* dregs to the 
supplanter. The clipping away of the old life from the foreign quarter must be counted an 
important factor among the causes of its depression. It means absentee landlordism — 
fruitful aid to all tendencies toward bad sanitation and overcrowding; il means a lowering 
of the average economic conditions of the quarter, and a consequent narrowing of range in 
industries and employment; it means not only the absence of the stimulus presented by the 
developed forms of religion and education, but the absence of the restraints which they 
create; it means the destruction of the better forms of social and political life, which, if 
they could be maintained in iihi, would work naturally as models for imitation, 

" In Wards I to V the population is in round numbers i;8.doo, spread over an area 
of lao) acres. They contain about one-lifleenth of the city's area, and something over 
one-tenth of lis people. Within these. ia>^ acres are In open spaces — one one-hundred- 
and-eighlieth of the park area of the city." 

Activities, Secured sanitary itnprovements on a number of streets 
and alleys; the belter care of tenemetit housing, especially one city square 
upon which it has repeatedly concentrated its efforts; the clearing up of a dump; 
the paving of several small streets, etc. In education the house has saved a 
kindergarten to the district, secured Special School No. 6, and through residents 
on the Sectional school board, kept the need of better educational facilities for 
its district before the public. Carried on probation work in co-operation with 
the juvenile court, prevention work of the same general nature, and provided 
through friends for the salaries of two probation officers over a six-year peritxl. 
Entered the reform campaign of 1905, provided pre-election canvassers, mem- 
bers of ward and division committees, circulated literature, organized meetings, 
served watchers' lunches, and added residential local knowledge to the cause of 
clean politics. Two residents were elected to the Sectional school board of the 
Fifth Ward in 1906. Acted as a headquarters in the shirtwaist strike of 1909-10. 

For a list of investigations undertaken by residents see Literature (page 

MAINTAINS kindergarten; library; bank; physician's aid ; magistrate and juvenUe 
court work: rummage sale; women's social: dancing school; music school (established 
Fall, 190S); game library; picture library; open house; entertainments, etc. Classes in 
gymnastics, singing, sewing, millinery, cooking, drawing, etc.; adult night school and tutor- 
ing. Numerous clubs for children and young people. Summtr Ifork.—Biak.: library; 
play yards: roof gardens: clubs: classes in English for adults; orchestral practice; danc- 
ing social in open air: musical evenings. Picnics and excursions, including a number of 
special annual country parlies and events looked forward to. Spring and Fall week-end 
excursions and picnics. Vacation work al (he Chalkley Hall Country Club (average 
household of thirty), and for three years a house at Ocean City, maintained by Miss Coch- 
ran for live weeks and by the settlement for three weeks (household of twenty members), 

Sf. Mary Street Neighborhood 
(April, 1892-Sept., 1899) 
617 St. Mary Street, and Stuart Memorial Hall 
Established April 9. 1892, to lake over the work of the St. Mary Street 
Library Association (opened Oct. jo, 1884), the members of the library commit- 
tee joining the executive committee of the College Settlement. 


Neighborhood. "The settlement is situated on St. Mary Street, one of Ph^a^ 
delphia's many small streets lying in the neighborhood of Sixth and Lombard. Si. Mary 
Street is two blocks in length; on one side of il is the shopping street of the poor people; 
on the other lodging houses and small stares of the Negro population; while the intersecting 
streets are populated by Slavic Jews and the representatives of many peoples who form i 
mixed population with no prev;tiling elements. All of these streets are crossed and re- 
crossed by a networic of alleys, the houses in which are small and occupied by Negroes 
St. Mary Street itself is in a hopeful state of transitioti. Its early record was so bad ihji 
its name was synonymous for all that is dishonest and criminal, but its present aspect is i 
most encouraging tribute to personal work in such sections. 

"his a neighborhood full of promise for those who feel an interest in working with 
the lower stratum of the poor, a straturci which requires more effort for the tangible good 
accomplished than is required in a higher one, and also requires more personal influence 
from the workers and greater promptness in carrying through the work. The want of 
these elements made the usual modes of volunteer worken, giving occasional time, un- 
substantial, and made the committee in charge of the previous work there anxious to have 
the resident force which could be supplied in no other way than by a settlement." ;89i. 

Activities, (i) Civic. — Studied the housing of the dislHct; secured the 
repairing of several streets {1893); brought about co-operation between the 
board of health, the public authorities, and the landlords, which resulted in 
better sanitary conditions (1893 IT.); secured additional lighting, etc. 

(2) Play Spaces. — Had a part in securing the enlargement of Starr Gatden 
into a park (1895); maintained playgrounds at different limes in cooperation 
with city agencies; turned its library over to the Philadelphia Public Library 
{1894), the assistant librarian continuing in residence. 

(3) Education. — Made (iSga) a school canvass of its district, and con- 
tinued informal school visiting work thereafter. Secured the first summer 
kindergarten in the city (1893); conducted an experiment in school children's 
lunches (1894-5), '" the course of which the mothers of children were visited and 
much social work done; secured the evening use of the sloyd equipment at the 
Forten School for a class of colored boys, and the use of the cooking equipment 
for such classes. 

{4) Economic. — In the industrial crisis of 1893-4, acted as a relief station, 
carried on industry in its own plant, and stood between the relief committee 
and the needy. Collected rents {1893) 3"^* thereby gained much housing in- 
formation; organized a coal club (1893) to provide coal in small lots and at 
moderate prices, collecting weekly or through the penny savings system; and 
opened (October, 1895) a kitchen and coffee house, which provided good food 
at moderate charges (later turned over to a separate committee, 1897). 

(5) Health. — Resident medical service (1892) which was carried on until 
the autumn of 1896, theneedof such service having been met by the dispensaries. 
A resident nursing service was then begun in co-operation with the Visiting 
Nurses' Association. 

(6) Politics. — Several campaigns to place women on the school board. 
In 1895 it shared in a canvass of the Seventh Ward, and carried on an aggressive 
campaign for two representatives on the Sectional school board. Although 


dereated, it continued the fight the next year; secured a revision of the assessor's 
list, whereon were many fraudulent names, and did much educational work. 
In 1897 it again carried on a losing fight, but made the best showing for an inde- 
pendent candidate ever made in one of the most boss-ridden and corrupt sec- 
lions of the city. 

(7) /.flfror.— Studied the bakeries in 1895 and aided the bakers in their 
contention for better conditions. In 1895 the head worker was a member of 
the joint committee of the Toynbee Society and the Women's Union to study 
the street-car strike. 

(8) Education of Public. — Carried on the first efforts in its city to train 
social workers. It organized its Visitors' Club (1894). provided a series of lec- 
tures covering various phases of social effort (Winter, r895-6); organized a 
social service conference, to which it brought experts from without the city 
(Spring, 1896}; and carried on a class in practical sociology (1897)- 

Literiture. History of a Street. Slarr Center, January, 1901. 

(The Front Street Branch) 
502 South Front Street; too Lombard Street 
Established. Residence taken up in 1902 (January) though the house 
had been a social center for some four years previous. For two years one resi- 
den t had made her home on the second floor, and had acted as rem collector and 
house friend to the other tenants — all one-room householders. On her necessary 
departure the settlement had been asked to undertake the same work with the 
tenants, and lo carry on neighborhood work in part of the house, three rooms 
being offered rent free. The work was carried on for two years without resi- 
dence. Beginning in 1902 the other rooms of Che house were acquired for settle- 
ment purposes; then the basement of the house at 100 Lombard Street; later 
the ground floor; and in 1905 the Settlement induced the Board of Education 
to open 504 South Front Street as a special school. In 1906 the board granted 
the use of the school yard for playground purposes outside of school hours; in 
1909 the use of the school building was granted for neighborhood work. 

Neighborhood. Almost on the river front, surrounded by a varied and lloiiline 
population. The section abounds in cheap lodging houses, saloons and furnished room 
houses. The ward is malodorous with every form ot corruption. The people are Irish, 
Poles, Jews, and Italians, wiih other nationalities less numerously represented, 

MAiNTAtNs public school kindergarten and playground; bank; libraries of books. 
pictures and games; classes in gymnastics, dancing, singing, millinery, sewing; adults' 
work in English; boys' and giris' clubs; socials; women's club, etc. 

Established. Social work established in 1903 as an outgrowth of the 
altruism of Cornelia Hancock, for many years managing agent of a number of 

houses near the Poinl Breeze Oil Works. In 1909 the institutional activitiw 
were transferred to the pubh'c school, which is now used as the center. 

NeiCKBORHOOD, "Point Breeze is not in the country, though it sounds like il 
It is located at the extreme southwestern end of the city aboul the plants of the oil rt- 
fineries and subsidiary industries. The- section is almost a social desert, being too far from 
the city To reach easily the cheap amusements, and helpless to develop substilulet aboiv 
the level of the saloon and street corner. The people are Hungarians and are almost 
over-Thrifty, lacking the power to find the best of life, doing little else than earn, cat and 

Maintains. In igo6 a summer kindergarten was established (co-opera- 
tion of Civic Club), which later resulted in securing a public kindergarten. 
An athletic field has been maintained in co-operation with one of the "Point" 
industries, which loaned the land. The opening of the public school as a center 
greatly strengthens the work. The policemen of the district have given intelli- 
gent co-operation, Library; gymnastics; penny savings bank; singing; play 
hours; games; sewing. (See College Settlement Reports. 1902, 1906, and 

Former Locations, Collece Settlement Centers. 617 St. Mary Street 
(later Carver St. and now Rodman St.), 1892-1899. Coffee House and Kitchen, Seventh 
and Lombard Sts., 1895-1899. Chalkley Hall Country Club (lent by Mr. and Mrs, 
Edward Wetherill. 1903-). 

Residents. Women 16, men ), Volunteers. Women 107, men 33. Head 
Resi[3ents. Fannie W. McLean, April r, 1891-JuIy 1, :89j; Helena S. Dudley, Sept. i), 
iSga-July j, [893; Kalherine B, Davis. October, rSgj-July 31, 1897; Anna Freeman 
Davies. January, 1893-. 

Literature. I. Authorized Statements. Annual Reports of the Philadelphia 
College Settlement, i89)-i909. Programs, circulars, etc, — College SettUmrnl Nrun, i. 
No, r (April. 1895); Vol. ii (1897); iii, No, ; (June, 1909) — The Ne*s of (he College 
Settlement of Philadelphia (Primed now and then), i. No, 1 (Dec. 1898) — The Phila- 
delphia Settlement, Pamphlet, 1898, 

Sie alio: Campbell, Jane; The Possibilities of a Neglected Street. WtMidn't 
Frogresi (Philadelphia). May, 1893 — A College Settiemenl Coffee House (Philadelphia 
College Settlement}. The Philadelphia I'ress. Jan, 19, 1896 — The Philadelphia College 
Settlement, Commons, vij. No. 78 (Jan., 190)) — Philadelphia Settlement Notes (The 
Chalkley Hall Country Club). Commons, viii, No, 84 (July, 1903) — College Settlement, 
Philadelphia, Commoni, ix : 436-438 (Sept,, 1904) — A Study in Contrast (The Chalkley 
Hall Country Club). Commoni, ix : 500-504 (Oct,, 1904) — Sayles, Mary B.: Settlement 
Workers and Their Work. Outlook. 78, No, 5 (Oct. t, 1904) — College Settlement Prt>- 
bation Work, Commons. May, 1903 — Bernheimer, Charles S.: Social Workers and Phila- 
delphia's Political Reform. Cbar. and Commons, xv ; 889 (Mar, 17. 1906) — From "Lady 
Bums" to the Ward Grafters, Cbar. and Commons, xv : 574 (Feb. 3, 1906) — Pamphlets 
to be obtained at the settlement: (1) Fox, Hannah: Tenement House Work in St, Mary 
Street, (1) Wharton, Susan P,; The College Settlement Kitchen and Coffee House, 
(j) The College Settlement Kitchen and Coffee House; reprint from paper read by Kath- 
erine B. Davis before the Civic Club, March, 1895. Ann.Amer. Amd., oj Pol. end Soc. Set. 
ix : 1378 (March, 1900), (4) Johnson, Alice A,: Report of Penny Lunches Served at 


Public Schools, 1894-9^ — Dinwiddie. Emily W.: Housing Condilioni in Philadelphia. 
Ociavia Hill Association. 1904 — Du Bois.W. E. B., and Ealon, Isabel: The Philadelphia 
Negro. Boslon, Ginn and Co., 1899. (Iniroduclion by Prof, S, M. Lindsay,) — Fried. 
Miss: Study of Conditions of Living of Immigrant Hebrew Girls for Intermunicipal Com- 
mittee on Household Research — Jones, Ediih; An Invesiigaiion for the Child Labor 
Committee which prepared Ihe way for the legislative work of the Committee in 19OJ. 
— Keay, Frances Anne: Studies of Labor Conditions Among American Seamen, The 
Sailor in Port; Philadelphia. Char, ami Commotii, xvii : 71J-716 (Jan, 19, 1907). The 
Wages of Seamen. Cbar. anJ Commons, nvii : 845-848 (Feb., 1907). 

II, Social Stubies by Residents. Shapleigh, Amelia: A Study of Dietaries. 
To be obtained from secretary of association, II I, Articles by Residents and Direc- 
tors, Davies. Anna P.: Settlements in Philadelphia. Cotnmans. vi, No, 64 (Nov., r90i). 
The Philadelphia Textile Strike. Commont, in : 30 (January, 1904). A Glance at the 
Philadelphia Settlements. Ill, Camnions, ji : J95i-}oo (May, 1905). Land Values and 
Ownership in Philadelphia, Bulletin of the Bureau of Labor. No, 50, January. r904 — 
Davis, KatherineB.: Home Life in a College Settlement. Tit Kaiiari'an{Vassar College), 
June. 1895, A Settlement's Share in the Recent Campaign. Paper in The Story of a 
Woman's Municipal Campaign, Phil., Ann. Amrt. Acad, of Pol. and Sac. Sei. — Fox. 
Hannah: University Settlement in Philadelphia. Lend a Hand. \\ : 4) (1893). Tenement 
House Work in St, l«ary Street, Ann. Amtt. Acad, oj Pol. and Soc. Sci..iji : 137 (March. 
1900). The College Settlement at Philadelphia. Comtnons. vii, No, yi (June, 1903) — 
Jones, Edith: Probation in Practice. Cbar. and Common i. xvii : 980-987 (Mar. 3, 1907) ~- 
Scuddcr, Vida D,: A Glimpse into Life. IVtllesUy M.. Feb., 1893 — Van Gasken, Dr. 
Frances C: Tenement Life in Philadelphia, Report made to Civic Club, Philadelphia 
Prcis, March tj, J895 — Woods, Katherine Pierson: TheCollege Settlements. Cburcb- 
miiM, Oct, 6 and 13. 1894: January, 189;. The Philadelphia College Settlement, Ecangtl, 
Dec. 1894, 

The Settlement Music School 
433 Christian Street 

Founded March, 1911, by residents and associates of the College Settle- 
tnent to continue the work of the College Settlement Music School (organized 
Nov,, 1909). Affiliated with the College Settlement. " It is not the aim of the 
institution to develop great artists, but to carry music into homes where its 
influence has the deepest possibilities for the enrichment of human lives." 
Maintained by subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. (See The College Settlement, page 363.) 

Maintains class and individual instruction in instrumental and vocal music. 

Head Worker, Johan Grolle. 

Literature. The Settlement Music School in Philadelphia, Pamphlet, 191 1. 

Eighth Ward Settlement House 
922 (1895), 926 (1906-), 938 {1905-), LxKusI Street. Country House, Paper 
Mill, Pennsylvania 
Established 1895, by private citizens, for sanitary, industrial, educa- 
tional, and social work among Negroes. Maintained by private contributions. 
"The neighborhood is segregated for immoral purposes, and 



thriving nndcT police protection. The immorality is shared by whiteiana 

with a decidedly growing increase of the white element. Smalt stores carried on by Jem, 

and restaurants by Creeks, the latter a recent and most undesirable ingredient. 

"Our problem— once removed — is, of course, the immorality of ihe neighborhood 
Actually it is the far famed inertness of respectable Philadelphia. For more than a generi- 
tionstatic virtue has carefully avoided us. even though we murder, rape, and steal under iis 
veiy nose: so dynamic vice goes cheerfully on its way. undisturbed, and politically en- 
couraged and comfortably protected." 

Activities. "In sharing its life with the colored people, our settlement 
has its unique problem, for it deals not with a race that is intellectually hungr)-. 
but with a race at the sensation stage of its evolution, and Ihe treatment de- 
manded is different." The first work of the house was sanitary. Pressure was 
brought to bear on careless city officials and indifferent landlords. A broom 
brigade of a dozen boys cleaned alleys three times a week. Electric lights. 
asphalt pavements, and underground drainage instead of surface have improved 
the physical conditions. "We are a wholly private philanthropy, working 
very quietly in a thoroughly criminal neighborhood. The very material we 
have to deal with prevents us from being either attractive or successful. We 
are just ourselves, 'inching along.' And the peace we have not, we wish for 

Maintains sanitary work (continuous): kindergarten; public baths: laundry; 
savings fund; basket weaving; hammock making: women's club; dancing class. Sum- 
mer Work. — Country house at Paper Mill, Pa., "Happyland." Playgrounds, 936-a 
Locust Street. Open air dance hall on the playground. 

Head Residents. Rev. Edgar Johnson, 1895-1896; (Mrs.) Grace Mallery Ting- 
ley, 1896-1900; Frances R. Bartholomew. 1900-. 

Literature, Bartholomew, Frances R.: The Eighth Ward Settlement, Phila- 
delphia. Commons, viii, No, 81 {Apr,, [903) — Davies, Anna F.: Settlements in Phila- 
delphia (The Eighth Ward Selllemeni). Commons, vi. No. 64 (Nov., 1901). A GUnce 
at the Philadelphia Settlements. Commons, n : 395-300 (May, 1905) — A Northern 
Social Settlement for Negroes. Soutbirn Workman, Feb.. 1906, pp. 99-103. 

Evening Home and Library Association (Center) ^^M 

25 South Van Pelt Street ^| 

Founded 1886, as a boys' club by persons connected with the Uni- 
tarian Church in a room in its building; a special plant erected in 1894. In 
1906 a "group of resident supervisors" was installed and the work enlarged 
to include activities for girls. "It is chiefly through pleasure that temptation 
comes to youth. Therefore to provide pleasure free of temptation is an urgent 
necessity of true civilization. In its endeavor to furnish wholesome amusement 
to a large number of men and boys and an increasing number of women and 
girls, the Evening Home desires to enlist the sympathy of all good citizens." 

Neighborhood. "Silualed on the very border of the best residential section of 
the city, but close to the small homes occupied by poor people, near the Baltimore and Ohio 
and Pennsylvania railroad tracks. The boys frequenting the club are mostly Irish-Amer- 
ican, but during the last few years a greater number of Negroes are noticed among them." 

Maintains playground; gymnastic <: lasses; public baths; drawing cIms; Mnging 
dub; priming class; siamp savings; game rooms; clothing sales; carpentry: dancing; 

Resident Matron. Mabel Rhett. October. 1906-. 

Neighborhood House 

(Formerly Neighborhood Guild and Minster Street Neighborhood Guild) 
60Q Addison Street (Aug., 1909-) 

Established July 1, 189^, by Charles S. Daniel "for neighborhood im- 
provement in every way,— political, social, sanitary." 

"What Wi Stand For. It is a group of persons who choose to live where 
they seem to be most needed. It is little of an organisation and much of a 
personal relation. It is being to the people all possible good rather than a build- 
ing up of a well -con St rue ted machinery. It is not a church, but a helper to all 
churches. It is not a charity, but aids and co-operates with alt existing charities. 
It is not an exclusive social circle, but seeks to be a center of the best social and 
family life. It is not a school, but seeks to be a center of the best culture. 
It directs the children to the nearest school, it seeks to be a force in which 
personality is paramount." (1908.) Mr. Daniel brought his family to live in 
the neighborhood in August, 1893. "We believe a community ought to be so 
sweetened as to make family life tolerable. Every corner of a city ought t 

a fit place for a relin 

;d and educated family lo liv 

rotherhood with their 

^ downlown portion o( the city, formerly noted for its generally 
The people, once largely Negroes, have changed to Russians. Hun- 
'S predominating. 

Activities. Constant effort to improve the sanitary standards of the 
neighborhood through complaint and education. Constant protest and personal 
work against corrupt political methods resulted in greatly reducing a padded 
voting list, and making it easier to cast an honest ballot. Waste of city money 
prevented through the exposure of dishonest city contracts. Various protests 
against the waste in city departments through duplication of men, etc. 

Maintains a library; sewing school: Sunday evening leclures; classes in cooking, 

FoKMER Location, 618 Addison St. (formerly Minster St.) 1893-1909. 

Residents. Family of Mr. Daniel. Volunteers. Women. 6. 

Literature. 1. Authorued Statements. Neighborhood House. Leaflet pub- 
lished monlhty and obtained at 609 Addison St., Phila, (Formerly called Tbe Naiarene). 
Sit also: Neighborhood Evolution. E. B. W. Amtr. Journ. oj Social., x : (July, 1904) — 
Minster Street Guild, Commons, Oct., 1896 — Minster Street Reports. Commons, 
Feb., 1897 — Davies, Anna F.: A Glance at the Pbiiadelphia Settlements. Commons. 
X : 293-300 (May, 190;). II. Social Studies bv Residents, Daniel, Charles S.: 
Ai, a Social Vision. 1893. 

n with 


Social Service Settlement House (Center) 

624 South Tenth Street (Oct., 1910-) 
Established November, 1909, by the Juvenile Protective Association 
a force for the moral, social, and intellectual welfare of the communitjl 
intained by the Association. 

The people are Italian, Negro, Russian and American. 
IS investigation; legislative and research work; special co-operation wiih 
the juvenile court; vocation bureau; nalurallialion class; employment bureau; clinic: 
home and school visiting; literary society; dramatic club; athletics; dancing; cooking, 
dressmaking and millinery. There are entertainments and various social 
children. Sutumtr Work. — Outings, etc. 

Former Location. rii8 Bainbridge St., 1909-1910. 
Directors. Henry B. Stuccalor, 1909; Charles T. Walker, 1910-. 
Literature. Stnice (monthly), i. No. r (Jan.. 1909); ii. No. i (Jar 
Various leaflets. 

SouTHWARK House 

101 Ellsworth Street (1906-); toio and 1012 South Front Street (1909-); 

1014 South Front Street (1910-) 

Established October, 1906, by the Philadelphia Society for Ethical 
Culture as the outgrowth of various independent forms of club and social work 
carried on since 1894. The aim is "primarily one of moral education and in- 
fluence, and the improvement of neighborhood conditions." 

Neighborhood. "Characterized by bad housing conditions, Hlthy streets, a low 
standard of life and appalling poverty. , . . The population . . . includes a 
small proportion of Americans, including Irish-Americans, and a larger and ever-increasing 
percentage of Russian Jews, Poles, and Lithuanians. The American contingent includes a 
depressed section, the dregs of a once prosperous community, and a small proportion of 
comparatively well-to-do people," {1907.) 

MAfNTAiNs kindergarten; modified milk slalion; trained nurse; library and read- 
ingroom; Sunday evening lectures and concerts; mothers' club; Second Ward branch of 
the Civic Club; clubs and classes for boys and girls^cooking, gymnastic games, carpentry, 
dramatics, sewing, dancing, singing; stamp savings; coal fund. Summer H'ark. — Summer 
camp; excursions; baths; resident service; roof garden nursery for sick babies. 

Residents. Women ;. men 1, Volunteers. Women 4;, men to. Head 
Resident. Janet Hayes {Mrs. J.H.Davis), 1906; (Mrs.) Mary M.Adams. 1907-. 

Literature. Authoriied Statements. Reports for 1907, 1908, 1909. See also: 
News Letter of Ethical Society of Chicago. Jan., 1906; March, 1907 — South wark House. 
Phiiadelpbla. Char, and Commons, xvi : ^98 (Sept. 15. 1906) — Soulbwark House, 
Philadelphia Times, Oct. 11, rgog — Southwark House. News LeUers of Ethical Society 
of Philadelphia, October, 1909. to May. 1910. 

Spring Street Settlement ^H 

1333-1325 Spring Street - lifl 

Established September 18, 1906, as Spring Street Mission by members 
of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery "to carry 


on a neighborhood work for colored boys and girls and a civic center of good 
influence for their people." Chartered in 1909 as Spring Street Settlemeni "to 
maintain a charitable undertaking having for its object the improvement of 
the moral, social, industrial, and domestic cunditions of the people of the Negro 
race in the city of Philadelphia and vicinity, by means of instruction in the 
useful arts; by providing lectures on improving and enlightening subjects; 
by the maintenance of gymnasia and reading rooms wherein they may be pro- 
vided with entertainment and means of recreation; by visitation among them; 
by furnishing those who may be in need with food, clothing, lodging and other 
material assistance; and by such other lawful means as are likely to further the 
object named." Supported by subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. " Located about 3 square to one side of one of the many colored 
districts which are found in Philadelphia. The particular problem of the locality is to 
awaken the parents of the colored children to the opporlunilies for education and useful 
manhood and womanhood which are open to their children, and 10 prompt those parents 
to co-operate with the schools and other agencies towards these ends. In common with 
other difficult social problems there is the bad example of [he frequent separation of the 
parents, occasionally the father living with another woman and the mother living with 
another man, a practice which no doubt is a reh'c of the degenerating influences of slavery, 

"While the problems of the neighborhood are many and the settlement attempts to 
do its duty toward them all, there is also a particular aim on the part of the settlement to 
lid the colored race, by representing it in a measure before the public. To make a plea for 
justice, to ask that the while race shall apply the golden rule to its conduct toward the 
colored race; that it shall hearten and assist to develop rather than to discourage. A 
number of small streets in the neighborhood, in which the colored people live, are entirely 
taken up by them except that some Poles and a few Irish live among them." 

AcrrvtTiEs. instrumental in securing a kindergarten at the Vaux Public 
School (Colored). Its visiting nurse exemplified the value of her work to the 
superintendent of public schools in following sick children of the poor into their 
homes, with the result that there are now eight visiting nurses employed under 
the board of public education. The establishment of public playgrounds has 
been encouraged. 

Maintains library ; savings and coal fund; visiting nurse; gymnasium; cobbling; 
chair caning; classes in sewing and domestic science for girls; social evenings for children, 
boys and girls: mothers' meetings; Sunday school. 

Residents. Women a. Volunteers. Women 10, men to. Head Re^iDENT, 
Anna M. Titus. Jan.. 1907-. 

OFfiCERS- The executive officer of the board of directors in the work of the settle- 
meni is EllwDod Heacock. Address loa? North College Avenue, Philadelphia. Pa. 

Literature. Annual Report, 1909. 

The Starr Center 

Neighborhood House, 725-737-729 Lombard Street {Feb., 1903-). Casa 

Ravello Branch, Seventh and Catharine Streets (Dec. 1907-) 

Founded October 30, 1884, by Susan P. Wharton as the "St. Mary 

Street Library "for colored children; and in connection with an industrial school 



under the supervision of Helen L. Parrish. Within a year the ( 
on St. Mary Street was formed by adding the names of Hannah Fo« and 
Sally Fox; and the aim of the committee gradually widened to include 
other needs of the neighbors. I n 1 892 the committee invited the College Settle- 
ment to the neighborhood, and worked through the settlement until it moved 
away in 1898. A formal reorganization of the committee took place in 1900, 
and the name Starr Center Association was taken. 

"We have gone to the people systematically in order to grow into the 
knowledge of their way of looking at things. We consider it great misfortune 
when a woman with a family has to go out to work. Childhood cannot alTord 
to grow up without those subtle and strong forces which have in all races been 
recognized as emanating from maternal solicitude. How to restore the mother 
to the home, not how to make It easy for her to leave, is our problem. We try 
to make easier the adjustment of foreigners to their new environment; and 10 
lessen the friction which often results out of the aptitude of the child for the 
new language and his ability to adapt himself to the ways of a new country — 
thus placing the parent at a disadvantage. To realize not the outward differ- 
ences which are striking, but the inward agreements, the things all men have in 
common, is to understand how to help. So we have tried to approach the home, 
not as if it needed a new code, but as a center of experience and daily struggle 
common to all and sacred to all. 

" In all our departments we are going into the home, and each department 
is measured by its influence in the home. Library, kindergarten, stamp saving, 
coal club, Rainy Day Society, miik depots, dispensaries, penny lunches, have 
from the first been rooted in knowledge of the home and bound to the home by 
constant visiting. This long acquaintance with so many families has gained 
for us an influence which it is impossible to measure, and every day new families 
are pressing in upon us eager to share the advantages offered. At the same time, 
this knowledge of the homes reveals needs which clamor to be remedied, and our 
opportunity for service reaches out unbounded."— 1910. Incorporated 1905. 

Neighborhood. "A narrow dirty slreel, a crowded alley filled with chiMren and 
adults, with dogs and cats, with garbage and refuse, the air wicti cries and rough language. 
Such was Si. Mary Street twenty-five years ago. Past the house where the woman, cor- 
nered hy the police, swallowed the policy ticket, past Iheopening leading to a row of tumble- 
tjown dwellings, pasta noisome cellar, the Sluart Memorial Church comes into view. Next 
to this is Mom Hewitt, with her counter of cold victuals; farther on blind Susan preaching, 
it iccms like a show, a spectacle In which we have no part, because we are on the surface 
of it all, ignorant of it all. unable to understand, only repelled. The Negroes, in the early 
years of the work being in the ascendant, havejnoved west, and Russians, Poles, Hebrews. 
and divers other nationalities — especially Italians^have sirongly entrenched themselves." 

AcTivtTiES. (t) Play Spacei.-—'V\\e. Starr Garden had its rise in an ash 
heap, bought by Theodore Starr in 1882. The St. Mary Street Library Com- 
mittee and others appealed to Councils for the enlargement of this space — 
through Thomas Meehan. a member of Councils, who was also the eminent 
Philadelphia botanist. First ordinance passed November 19, 1894, was soon 


fotJowed by the active work of clearing the spaces, at which time the St. Mary 
Street Library Committee had been merged in the College Settlement. The 
second ordinance passed December [5, 1897, and the third ordinance April 7. 
1898. By 1900 the whole square between Sixth and Seventh. Lombard and St. 
Mary Streets was cleared for the garden. 

As the result of an appeal from the Starr Center Association in 1904. the 
city gave Slarr Garden into their hands for a gymnasium and open-air play- 
ground. In 1905, children's gardens were added. Three years afterwards 
the Philadelphia Playground Association was formed and it seemed best for the 
Starr Center to relinquish the control of the garden in their favor. 

(z) Library.— '\he library, begun in 1&84 in the Stuart Memorial Church, 
moved its quarters three years later to a small, three-roomed house in the same 
street. In 1891 the whole church building was given to the library committee 
free of charge, and it was moved back again. Classes in house cleaning, car- 
pentry work, and in cooking were established in 1892. The library committee 
was then merged into the College Settlement and it was thought the work of the 
library would be more permanent as a branch of the Free Library of Philadelphia, 
which was instituted in 1894. The Free Library was a strong presence for nearly 
six years, when the city decided to give up the branch and the Starr Center 
Association again assumed charge, February 28, rgoo. 

(3) Thrift Socielies. — The penny savings began to be received in 1889, 
Two years later the stamp saving system was introduced. The first "Thrift 
Society" was the Co-operative Coal Club founded in 1903. It has been self- 
supporting, its income being derived through annual dues from its members 
and the profit on coal bought by wholesale and sold at retail prices. The visitors 
make weekly visits to the homes of the members to collect money for coal. 
It numbers (1909) 1007 members with dues paid. In 1905 a sick benefit society 
was started in connection with the above and has been very successful under the 
name of the Rainy Day Society. It illustrates the working method of dealing 
with an abuse, such as fraudulent sick benefit socielies, by substituting a good 
and safe method of saving for sickness. One of our subscribers has taken 
savings in schools under her wing by paying the Starr Center a sum sufficient 
for the salary of a person to collect daily small sums from the children in the 
schools of the Seventh Ward. 

(4) Foodf — As far back as 1893 the food question had been considered. 
Much kind and helpful interest was shown by Mrs. Ellen K, Richards of the 
Institute of Technology, Boston, and for six years we carried on the Starr 
Kitchen, from 1894 to 1900, when it was abandoned as it seemed impossible to 
get it upon a business basis. Out of this effort grew the penny lunches, started 
in 1894 by Miss Anna Johnson, graduate of the Drexel Institute. The object 
was to improve the lunch of school children, selling for a penny what they could 
get elsewhere for this sum — so as not to pauperize. The sale of modified milk 
began in 1903. 

(5) School IVork. — In 1891 an appea] was made by the St. Mary Street 
Library Committee and others to the board of education for a good school to 


take the place of one notoriously bad. To Miss Hallowell. a member of the 
school board, belongs the honor of bringing about through her untiring efforts, 
this great change. An industrial school was established in 1891 as a result of 
frequent appeals from friends interested in the neighborhood. Hannah Ash- 
ley Fox has been its leading spirit as well as its superintendent from that time 
to this, and the school has always exerted a redeeming force in the neighborhood. 
Manychildrenof kindergarten age were roaming the streets and the Starr Center 
Association appealed to the public schools to take these under their care, but 
there was not room in the school building. The alternative was to accept an 
offer to have a kindergarten in the Starr Center building. This was estab- 
lished in 1901. 

(6) Medical Bfanei.— Although previous attempts had been made, the 
medical work was not fairly established until 1905, when Dr. Charles M. Mont- 
gomery and Dr. William W. Cadbury were in charge. The Visiting Nurse 
Society co-operates most efficiently, and the department has now reached its 
greatest usefulness. The dispensary is open daily in one or the other of the 

(7) Central Propaganda.— In rgoo the University Extension Society was 
asked to co-operate with the Starr Center Association in a series of discussions 
on the Negro problem. These discussions created much interest and were 
addressed by people conspicuous for their loyalty to the race, — both north and 
south. The Neighborhood House also had seven courses of University Ex- 
tension lectures in its colored branch for five years beginning May 10, 189s. 

(8) Casa Ravello Branch. — The Casa Ravello Branch was started Decem- 
ber, 1907, in a densely crowded section full of Italians — four squares from the 
central office. 

Maintains children's ilbrary; stamp savings centers; coal club and Rainy Day 
Society (largely work among Negroes); medical department which includes visiting nurs- 
ing service, various clinics, dispensary, medical calls and modified milk: kindergarten: 
penny lunches in the James Forteo school; clubs, classes and a game room. There is much 
visiting in Ihe houses, and active co-operation with various charities. Summtr H-'ork, — 
Picnics, outings, etc.; vacation houses or boarding homes. 

Former 1,ocations. Room in Stuart Memorial Church, i884-r887; 617 St. Mary 
St., (887-1891; Sluart Memorial Church Bidg.. 1891; College Settlement, St. Mary's 
St., 1893-1897: Seventh and Lombard Sis., 1895 -190}. 

Head WoHKEBS. Jane P. Rushmore, October, 1905; Edward N. Barrows, Gen. 
Sec; John R. Howard, Jr., Gen. Sec, 1909-10; Jane P. Rushmore, Mar.. 191 1-. 

Literature. 1. Authorized Statements. Annual Reports. 

11, Occasional Papers of the Association. First Annual Report College Settle- 
ment Kitchen and Coffee House. January, 1S97. Young, Mary Elizabeth: Co-operative 
Shoe Club Incidenl, (Why indiscriminate charity is harmful, elc.) February. 1898 — 
Wharton, Susan P., Smith, Anna Wharlon, and McKee, Caroline A.: The Co-operative 
CoalClub. (Why it was started.) March, 1898 — Co-operative Shoe Club. (Its Methods 
and Aims.) Paper read by Miss Young, April. 1898 — Wharton, Susan P.: Co-operative 
Coal Club— Who Should Belong to the Coal Club? Aug., 1898 — What is the Starr 


Center? Dec.. 1898 — History of Ihe Penny Lunch. Jan., 1900 — Opening (re-opening) 

of the Starr Library, (After Ihe City and College Seltlement had withdrawn.) March, 
jgoo — Syllabus of a Course of Six Lectures on the American Negro. T900 — History 
of a Street (Fifty years in St. Mary Street). Jan., 1901 — A Few Facts about the Coal 
Club. October, 1901 — Stamp Saving Branches, Nov.. 1901 — Dixon, L, B, (Libra- 
rian): The Starr Library. April, 1903 — Wharton, Susan P.: The Coal Club and the 
Strike. Nov.. 1901 — The Story of the Co-operative Coal Club. By Visitors, Frazelia 
Campbell and Julia F. Jones. iSgj-igoj — The Growth of the Starr Library. i8a4-i90j 
— Some of the Individual Cases Helped During the Past Year — Stamp Saving Society 
for the Encouragement of Small Savings — Walker. Charles T,; The First Real Play- 
ground in Philadelphia, 1904 — Notes from Booker T. Washington. 190s — Growth 
of the Pasteurized Milk. 1905 — Medical Department, r9o6 — A Day with the Nurse. 
1906 — Starr Garden Open-Air Gymnasium and Gardens. 1906 — Wright. R. R., 
Jr.; The Newspapers and The Negro. 1907. Negto Branch. 1909. 

111. Other Publications — Adams, J, Q. (University of Pennsylvania): A 
Course of Lessons in Account Keeping — Du Bois, W. E. D,, Ph,D, (resident three 
years at the Starr Center): The Philadelphia Negro (with the co-operation of the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania) — Ste alio: Whelpley, Philip B.: Starr Center Coal Club. 
CommoHi, vii. No. 73 (August. 1903) — Starr Center Penny Lunch Oub. Comnom, 
Dec, 190a — Davies, Anna F.: A Glance at Ihe Philadelphia Settlements, Cominoni. 
x: 8-9 (May. 1905). 

The Baptist Settlement House (Undenominational) 
1 1;6 Passyunk Avenue 
Founded January 39, 1906. 

Mafntains daily kindergarten; Sunday school: industrial school; kitchen garden: 
classes in English and Italian: clubs for boys and girls. 

Bedford Street Mission Center (Undenominational) 
617-635 Kater (Alaska) Street 
Maintains charity department: coal department: savings fund; industrial de- 
partment; sewing school; bathing department: Sunday school; clubs; pl>y room: 
entertainments; summer outings. 

Calvary Settlement Center (Presbyterian) 
3004 Ellsworth Street 
Maintains lunch room for wage workers in factory section as a substitute for saloon 
lunches for ^rli and men: children's clubs: story hours, etc. 

Friends' Neighborhood Guild 

(A mission for social and religious work) 
i;i Fainnouni Avenue 
The aim is to uplift the people of the neighborhood, (1) by the study of the 
Bible in the First-day school; (3) by numerous visits to their homes by the 


superintendent; (3) by affording wholesome recreation through games, tnta- 
tainments, picnics, etc.; (4) by developing their bodies through gymnastic 
exercises; (5) by giving lessons in sewing, cooking and instruclion to molhen 
in the care of their children. ^^M 

La NuNziATA House (Catholic Center) ^^M 

Wayne Avenue and Logan Street 

Established 1909, by His Grace the Most Rev. Archbishop Ryan, "for 
the purpose of meeting the extraordinary situation created by the sudden and 
large influx of European Catholics, particularly Italian. The Society's purpose, 
however, is to minister, ultimately, to all Catholic peoples who need its aid or 
sympathy," Supported by memberships and donations. 

Maintains Sunday school; instruclion for the sacramenls; sewing school; clasMt 
in singing, basket weaving, cooking, embroidery, lace making; social clubs: gymnasium; 
library; Fresh Air work; free baths; neighborhood visiting; Dorcas Society; shoe fund. 
Use playgrounds of Archbishop's School and St. Paul's. 

Residents. Women z. ^^^| 

The Lighthouse {Undenominational) ^^H 

Men's Club, 152-158 West Lehigh Avenue( 1908-). Women's and 
Girls' Club, 140-142 West Lehigh Avenue (1908-). Boys' Club of the Church 
Club, Howard and Somerset Streets (1901-). Baldwin Day Nursery, 140 
West Lehigh Street. Farm, Front Street and Erie Avenue 

Established 1895. by Esther Warner Kelley (Mrs. R. R. Porter Brad- 
ford) as the outgrowth of a year and a half of resident religious and social work 
"to afford to the wage-earners of Philadelphia the advantages and opportunities 
of a club for social enjoyment and recreation." "We aim to produce an en- 
vironment which shall meet the need of those who want to live the best life, 
body, soul, and spirit." Incorporated 1901. 

Neighborhood. " Kensington, that district of Philadelphia which is the center of 
the textile industry in this country." The people are Irish, American, German, Scotch, 
English and Polish. 

Maintains. The men's club, established 189;, was the first activity of the society, 
and was housed untit 19083! 140 West Lehigh Avenue. Provides a hall, committee rooms, 
baths, game room, bowhng. billiards, etc., and a restaurant service, lodge room, smaller 
rooms for rent to unions, societies, etc.; a roof garden— central inclosure added 1910; 
religious services. A special building to house the Boys' Club was erected in 1899 by the 
Church Club of Philadelphia, and the club has a gymnasium, library, various game rooms, 
and provision tor outdoor sports. There are classes in wood working, arithmetic, spelling, 
writing and mechanical drawing; dramatics and other groups. The women's and girls' 
club provides classes in cooking, dressmaking, singing; Bible class for women; liter- 
ary, gymnastic, educational, and dramatic work for girls; social occasions: day nursery; 
savings fund; benefit society: paper Tbi Lighthoust La-niirti; various religious and so- 
cial gatherings, entertainments, concerts, etc. Summer Work, — Co-operation with Board 
of Health in milk and baby hygiene work; nurse; women's and children's 



shore and countiy; daily recreation at "The Farm"; vacation playground (cricket, 
baseball, soccer ball, basket ball, quoits, tennis and croquet], 

FoNMER Locations. Men's Club, 140 W. Uhigh Si,. 1895-1908; 141 W. Lehigh 
St., 1897-1908. Boys' Club, S. E. cor. Mascher St. and Lehigh Ave., July, 1897-1901. 

KEStoENTS. Women ;, men 1, Volunteers. Women t6. meni. Hea» REsr- 
DENT, Mrs. R- R. Porter Bradford, 189s-. 

Literature. Authohizeo Statements. The Lighthouse Picture Book, 1907 — 
Tbe Ligblbouit Lanlftn. Nov., 1909 — Tbi Liibttouu Lanlim, xi, No. 10 (Jan., 1910) — 
Lighthouse Annual Report — Baldwin Day Nursery, Annual Report. Sie alio: Settle- 
ments in Philadelphia (The Lighthouse). Commoni. vi. No. £4 (Nov.. 1901) — Davies, 
Anna F.r A Glance at the Philadelphia Settlements. Commons, x : ^95-300 (May.igo;). 

Madonna House (Clatholic Center) 

814 South Tenth Street 

Ambler House, Ambler, Pa. 

Established July, 1904, by the Catholic Missionary Society of Phila- 
delphia, Most Rev, P. J. Ryan, D.D., President. Very Rev. H. T. Drumgoolc, 
Vice-President, to provide a religious and social center for the Italian resi- 
dents of the neighborhood. Maintained by membership and subscriptions. 

Neiohborkooo. Exclusively Italian. 

MAiNTArNS Sunday school: kindergarten; evening classes for the study of English 
and Italian; classes in sewing, dressmaking, embroidery, lace making, millinery, cooking, 
singing and music; gymnasium; branch bank to encourage small savings; clubs for men, 
women, young people, and children; lectures and entertainments. Summer Work. — Public 
baths; vacation playgrounds; excursions, outings and vacations in co-operation with 
homes and Fresh Air agencies. 

Superintendent. Rev, Joseph M. Corrigan. D.D, Resident Manager. 
Marianne J. Hunt. Volunteers. 70. Paid Workers, 7. 

Literature. AumoMzeD Statements. Annual Reports. 

North House (Quaker Center) 
451 North Marsh.all Street 

Established October, 1907. as an outgrowth of a religious and social work 
carried on by the Sixth and Noble Streets Association (Orthodox Quaker). 
Aims "to improve neighborhood conditions, moral and physical; to co-operate 
heartily with all agencies that make for civic, social and individual betterment; 
to broaden and heighten ideals of life; to be true neighbors to the people about 
us; and. above all, to develop that Christian character in our boys and girls 
thai is the hope of the next generation. We aim to bring the strong, life-giving 
message of Christ to the people about us, and to demonstrate in the countless 
ways possible through daily living, our belief that the life lived for Him is alone 
worth while." 

Neighborhood. Furnished room houses chief form of dwelling. This substitu- 
tion of one room with little privacy for a small house or even apartment constitutes one of 
the chief problems, Russian and German Jews. Poles, Germans. IKsh, and Americans in 



order as they are given is racial make-up. Low airiusement places and " tender 
stamp character of neighborhood. 

Maintains First-day school and men's Bible class; kindergarten; mothers' club; 
library; classes in music, carpentry, burntwood work, cooking and homemaking, bannnocli 
making, gymnastics; walking club after the first day school; entertainments, etc. Sum- 
mer Work. — Summer camp (co^)peralion with Univenity House); flower distribution; 

Residents. Women [. Head worker practically in residence. Volunteeu. 
Women 18. men 15, Head Worker. Rachel C. Reeve, October, 1907-. 

Lileiature. Authorized Statements. First Annual Report, 1906-1907 — 
Second Annua! Report, 1907-1908 — Third Annua! Report, i9oS-:909 — R cew, 

Rachel C: Articles in JfcifoniuR. ^^^H 

Philadelphia Deaconess Home (Methodist) ^^H 

609-613 Vine Street 
"We try to divide our work for convenience into relief and aid, educa- 
tional, industrial, and religious, but the lines of demarcation are so shifting thai 
it is difficult to tell where one begins and the other ends. All of our work is 
in a sense relief and aid, all is educational, all carries with it industrial character- 
istics and all leads to a spiritual ideal. The all-round development is worked 
toward, and the largest, broadest, strongest foundation of Christian chan^^H 
sought for." ^^H 

St. Martha's House (Episcopal) 

2039-2031 South Eighth Street (1901-); 2027 South Eighth Street C1907-); 

Snyder Avenue (1908-); 2025 South Eighth Street (1910-) 

Established November 1, 1901, by Rt. Rev. O. W. Whitaker, D.D.. 
Bishop of Pennsylvania, "to provide acenterfor the benefit of the people of the 
neighborhood, which should be a school of training for students of the Church 
Training and Deaconess House and other social and church workers." Aims 
"to be a friend to the neighborhood and to provide opportunities for improve- 
ment and pleasure." Maintained by endowment, donations, and subscrip- 
tions to special departments. 

Neighborhood. Situated in a rather remote section of the city, and one formeriy 
occupied largely by German- Americans, Irish and English. Since 1907 Jews have rapidly 
filled the nearby houses. 

Activities. After much effort secured a branch library, and hopes to 
show the need of a well-equipped library plant open daily. Demonstrated 
the need of more and better public schools for the quarter. 

Maintains kindergarten; pasteurized milk station; resident nurse; dispensaiy; 
library; savings fund; kitchen garden; story hour; ex-kindergarten class and rehearsals; 
junior auxiliary; gymnasium; cooking, sewing, and dressmaking classes; clubs for boys, 
girls and mothers; religious work in co-operation with neighboring churches; lectures and 
entertainments. Summer Work. — Vacations in co-operation with Fresh Air agencies; 
roof garden parties; excursions; ice water fountain; Bible school. 


Residents. Women 7. Volunteers. Women 35. Head Resident. Jean 
W, Colcsberry, Deaconess, 1901-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Si. Martha's House. Cbaiitits. xix: 
136S (Dec. 31, 1907). Ste alio: Davies, Anna F.: Settlements in Philadelphia (Settle- 
ment oF Episcopal Deaconesses). Commons, vi, No. 64 (Nov., 1901). A Glance at the 
PhiladelpKia Settlements. Commims, x. : 395-300 (May, 190;). 

Second Presbyterian Church Settlement (Presbyterian Center) 
613 North Eighth Street (1905-} 

EsTABLtSKED 1898, by the Church Settlement Society of the Second 
Presbyterian Church, "to win the girls and boys to Christ and intellectual and 
social enjoyment." 1905. "First; — To come into close and sympathetic 
touch with our neighbors, and by so doing, raise their ideals and standards of 
living. Second:— To encourage thnft by providing a system of penny savings. 
Third: — To provide wholesome amusement and useful occupation for the girls 
and boys who would otherwise be educated in the street. Finally: — With the 
Apostle Paul, we are made all things to all men, that we might by all means save 
some." 1909. 

Neighborhood. "The edge ot the Tenderloin district. What was once a good 
residential neighborhood is now almostgiven over to 'furnished room 'houses, where moral 
conditions are deplorable and anything like normal home life impossible. Added to this 
are the questionable amusements olTered in the cheap theatres and moving picture shows 
which abound on every hand," 

Maintains playground; savings fund: library: gymnasium (winter useof the City 
Public Baths by flooring the pool): co-operaiive apartment house for young women; 
classes in dressmaking, sewing, music, cooking, embroidery, housekeeping, clay modeling, 
carpentry, sloyd, wood carving and city history; clubs of various kinds for children and 
women; Sunday religious services and daily -devotional meetings. Summtr Work. — 
Cloverly Lodge; picnics; day excursions; co-operation with Fresh Air agencies. 

Former Location. Fourth and Callowhill Sts.. 190;. 

Residents. Women {. Assistants. Men). VoLUHTEBits. Women 10. 

Llteiiture. Authoriieo Statements. Eleventh Annual Report. 1909. 

The University Settlement (Undenominational) 

(Formerly University Christian Seltlement) 

Lombard and a6th Streets (1906-). Girls' Work, 403 South Taney Street 


Established winter 1898, by the "University Christian Association of 

the University of Pennsylvania," as an outgrowth of mission and club work 

for boys begun in 1897. It purposed "to inculcate Christian morals into the 

lives of an essentially rough neighborhood." 

"This particular Settlement has really two aims: I. To bring practical 
Christianity to bear effectually upon a particular section of Philadelphia. 2. 
To develop student character through service to others less fortunate than them- 
selves, and to train students for effective, intelligent, Christian work after 


"The Settlement is not a church nor a mission so far as methods are 
cemcd, but in spirit it is both. All residents are expected to do definite, positive 
Christian work, either in a public or persona! way." "The Settlement idea 
and method is foremost and fundamentally religious and Christian. Il really 
originated in the residence of God Himself among His people on earth in the 
person of Jesus of Nazareth. The essential feature of a genuine settlement is 
that men and women become actual friends and neighbors of those whom they 
hope to inspire to better living. A complete settlement must touch the people 
physically, morally, socially, mentally and religiously, ll stands for the spiri- 
tual solution of the problems of society, well expressed by Prof. Edward A. 
Steiner as follows: 'The love of Jesus is the only scientific method of redeeming 
society.'" igo8. 

Neighborhood. The tast bank of the Schuyikill, just across from the Univenity, 
in a district fairly crowded with a mixed class of less fortunate families. The neighbors 
d Irish extraction. 
s kindergarten: library; bank; children's playground: athletic field: 
resident (rained nurse; modiHed milk station; dispensariesanddisirict physician; medical 
social service: religious work and resident missionary; gymnasium and gymnastic events; 
clubs for all ages: class work; lectures: entertainments, etc. Sumtmr IVork. — " Univer- 
sity Farm" for Summer camps in the upper Perkiomen Valley, near Pennsburg; two chil- 
dren's playgrounds, athletic field, and a farm house on Darby Creek open all summer for 
mothers and children. 

Former Locations. Boys' Work at 3615 South St. (Winter of 1897-8); Boys' 
Work at 3514 South St. (Winter, 1898-Fall, 1900): Boys' Camp Work, 18^ ff.; Boys' 
Work at 162} South Si. (Fail 1901-190J); Boys' Work at 1609 Lombard St. (Winter 

i90)-i9o6); Boys' Work a 
Work. Home of Mr, and Mrs 
Lombard and Taney Sis. (Wjnli 
Residents. Women 4, 
Residents, Thomas S. Evans, 

1 Si, (Winter i90}-i904). Girls' 
Rescue Work (Men), S. W. Cor. 

ch, 2635 Chris 

TS. Evans (,901), 

■ <903--4). 

men 10, Volunteers. Women 40, men 40. Head 

[898-1900; J. Bruce Byall, 1900-1903; Percy R. Stock- 
man, 1904-T905; Thomas S. Evans, 1906-. 

Literature. Annual Reports and Statements. The University of Pennsyl- 
vania Christian Settlement and Summer Camp, Nov., 1904 — "University House." 
Jan., 1907 (Contains history of work) — The University Settlement Gangs. Pamphlets 
(undated) — Some Actual Methods of Student Christian Work, Sept., 1908. Set also: 
The University Settlement, Comnwm, vi. No, 64 (Nov., 190]) — University of Pennsyl- 
vania Christian Settlement. Common!, ix : 148 (April, 1904) — Watson, F. D.; The New 
University House, Philadelphia, CbarilUi, xvii r 1041-1043 (Mar, 9, 1907). 

Young Women's Union (Jewish) ^^| 

422-418 Bainbridge Street ^^| 

Established 1906-7, as the outgrowth of social work begun by a number 

of young women (kindergarten begun in March, 1885, household school, 1886, 

arking girls, 1888, day nursery, 1893) "to educate and aid the 

Russian poor and to aid the children, mentally, spiritually and bodily," "The 

union is a center for recreation and wholesome social intercourse. 1 1 is intended 


especially for the Jewish population of the ndghborhood, although non-Jewish 
boys and girls can be found in many of the clubs and classes. The keynote of 
our work is persona! service. Through the various clubs and classes and, above 
all, through frequent visiting in the homes, a constant effort is being made to 
help the ever-widening chasm between the parents and the children, due in a 
great measure to the too rapid Americanizing of the children and the slower 
progress of the parents." Head Resident. 1905. 

Neighborhood. Jewish quarter. 

Activities. Since 1902 the Juvenile Aid Commiliee for co-operalion 
with the Juvenile Court, and Probation Society for the care of dependent and 
delinquent Jewish children, paid the salaries of two probation officers until 
June, [909, when the present law went into effect, creating a chief probation 
officer and providing for the salaries of the probation officers by the counties 
and state. The committee continues to befriend the juvenile child at the bar 
of the court, and two visitors are employed, one for the city, and one for the 
county, to supervise the children placed in our custody by the court. 

Maintains a shelter; day nursery; resident nursing service; public baths: kinder- 
garten: sewing school; library; playground; clasies in Hebrew, manual training, music 
(piano and violin), drawing, millinery, cooking, nursing, home making, needlework, gym- 
nastics, and dancing; clubs wiih literary, debating, athletic and studious aims; drum and 
fife corps. SummtT IVork. — Playground; excursions; co-operation with Country Week 
Association. Vacation home for working girls, " La Grange," 6041 Kingsessing Avenue. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Residents. Women lo. Volunteers. Women no, men 14. HeitD Resi- 
dents. Esther Levy. I90]-I904; Adeline Mayer, I9d;-[906; Augusta Salik, 1906-1907; 
Anna Levin. 1907-1909; Mona Binswanger. Oct. ;, 1909-. 

Literature. Authohiif.d Statements. Annual Reports of Ihc Young Women's 
Union, from its inception to date — Levy, Esther: Young Women's Union. Jewiih Ex- 
ponnt. May a. May 17, 1904 — Twenty-fifth Anniversary. Pamphlet, (Feb. 8, T910.) 
Sii alto: Twenty-fifth Anniversary of Ihe Young Women's Union. Jiaisb Exponml. 
Feb. It, 1910. 


CovoDE House (Center) 

North Side 

Established in 1901, by Howard Heinz and organized by Dr. Lloyd 

Wright. Aims "to help the boys and girls to help themselves." Supported 

by Howard Heinz and J. H. Heinz. 

Neighborhood, The people are largely American bom of foreign parents. There 

Maintains library: gymnasium; special nalalorium building; classes in carpentry. 
drawing, Venetian iron work, basketry; clubs; socials and entertainments. 

Workers. Women ) (and assistants), men t (and assistants). Volunteers, 
Women 8, men 3. Head Resident, Dr. Lloyd Wright, 1901-1908. Director J J. 


38a handbook of settlements 

Irene Kaufman Settlement 

(Formerly Columbian School and SeltlcmenI, iSg^-iQio) 
1835 Center Avenue (rgoo-) 

Established 1895, by the Council of Jewish Women "for moral, eduu- 
tional and religious training." "The special purpose of the settlement is the 
advancement of the civic, intellectual and social welfare of the surrounding 
community. It aims to do this by (i) guiding the foreign-born to American 
conditions, (2) encouraging self- improvement, (3) stimulating healthy pleasures. 
(4) broadening civic interests, (5) creating ideals of conduct. The place is i 
home in the life of its residents, an institution in the service of its friends, i 
school in the work of its teachers, a club house in the social uses of its neighbors, 
a civic organization in the interests of the community, a settlement in the 
choice of its location."— Report for year ending May 8, 1904. Incorporated 
January 36, 1900. Supported by endowment and subscriptions. 

Neighborhood. The Hill District, The neighbors are largely immJEnnii. 
They live in onf-family dwellings converled into tenements. High rents, the potillal 
situation, lack of playground facilities — not even the public schools having any play- 
grounds — and mixing of races are some of the problems of the neighborhood. 

Activities. Instrumental in closing obnoxious dance halls; co-operated 
with board of health; tenement house department; Playground Association; 
influenced the local board of education to open a night school; active in estab- 
lishing the Allegheny County Child Labor Association, and in the fight against 

Maintains public baib>; night school; nursing service; classes in stenography, 
sewing, mending, darning, embroidering, cooking, machine sewing, dressmaking, kiichen 
garden, passe partout, piano; ethical classes; clubs devoted to study and literary pursuits; 
civic league of young men; gymnasium: dancing; folk dancing. SummiT Work. — Nig^t 
school; industrial classes for children: dressmaking for adults. 

Former Locations, Fifth Ave., Franklin St,, 1895; Townsend St., Nov. 30, 1897- 

Residents. Women 4. Volunteers, Women 57, men )0. Head Residents. 
Sadie Levy. i9oo-June, 19a}; Yetta R. Baumgarlen, 1904-190;; Julia Schonfield. June, 
I90)-I904; 190^-OcI,, 1906; Addie Weihl, Oct.. 1906-june, 1910; Elizabeth B. Neufeld. 
June. igro-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Reports of the Columbian School and 
Seltlemeni, Set also: Columbian Settlement, Pittsburgh. Endowed. Survty, xxii : 
]4;-i46 (Apr. 14, [909) — Columbian Settlement of Pittsburgh. Cbar. and Com\ 
xvil ; 1059 (Mar. 16, 1907)- 


SoHO Baths SETTLEiviENT House 
2404 Fifth Avenue (March, 1907-) 
Established March t, 1907, by a group of ladies, who constituted tbem- 
selves a Settlement Sub-committee of the Soho Baths Committee, as the out- 
growth of asocial center begun June [6lh, 190J, in rooms of the building owned 
by the Soho Public Baths. Aims "to improve the tenements and hygienic 


conditions in the district, to awaken the highest ideals of culture and character, 
and to furnish a neighborhood house where Jew, Protestant and Catholic meet 
on friendly ground as neighbors." 

Neighborhood. Locited close to the steel mills on the river. The people are 
Scotch. Welsh, German and Irish, largely ol ihe second generation: and the Lithuanian* 
and Poles are gradually increasing. 

Maintains. There is a fine public bath close by. A juvenile library and reading 
room (co-operation of the Pittsburgh Public Library); weekly clinic; visiting nursing 
service; rummage sales: night schoolin civics and English: classes in sewing, millinery, 
cooking, housekeeping, physical culture, manual training; educational classes for back- 
ward children; choral music; kitchen garden; story hour: children's hour; clubs for 
children, young women and adult women. Summer Wori.— Milk and ice distributed 
(co-operation Milk and Ice Association); vacations (co-operation of Kingsley House); 
clubs; Emma Farm Association. 

Residents. Women i. Volunteers. Women 78, men a. Head Residekt, 
Mrs. James C. Dick, March, 1907-. 

Literature. Authohixep Statehekts, Soho Bath Settlement Houm. First 
Report, 190^-8. 

Kingsley House 
3 Fulton Street (Nov., 1901-), Lillian Home, Valencia, Butler Co., Pa. (1903-) 

Established December 35, 1893, by Rev. George Hodges and the Kings- 
ley House Association " to be fair in all things ourselves and to help and persuade 
others to be likewise." Incorporated September. 1903, " to improve the ethical, 
social and economic conditions in Ihe cities of Pittsburgh. Allegheny and vicinity. 
To provide the means of social intercourse, mutual helpfulness, menial and moral 
improvement, and rational and healthful recreation." 

Neichbobhood. (For previous neighborhood see p, 184.) November, 1901-, 
Owing to the changing character of its neighborhood it was decided in 1900 to move 
the work into the "Hill District" above (he Union station. The people are Hebrew. 
Italian, Irish, American, Syrian. Arabian. 

Activities. Constant and aggressive campaign for better housing. 
Published data from time to time in The Record and brought public opinion to 
the acting point by a special number of twenty-eighl pages (February, 1907). 
It has held thedcpartment of health to its duty when possible, and co-operated 
in every way within its power. Conducted (1903) a public playground, late 
taken over by Ihe Playground Association. Since 1903 provided public bathing 
facilities. Issued (1908) a "Directory of the Philanthropic Agencies of Pitts- 
burgh." Played a strong part in the work of the Pittsburgh Survey, and has 
protested uigorously against the attitude of the city authorities toward the moral 
situation in its district, as also in the city as a whole. A marked improvement 
has been secured. 

Maintains dispensary: resident nursing service; library and reading room; man- 
ual training and industrial work for boys, including classes in typewriting, English, spell- 
ing, arithmetic, telegraphx: clubs for boys, debating, literary and musical; priming shop 
(which prints all the house publications and does Trade work): gymnasium, club room and 


baths. The work for girls includes classes in the housekeeping arts, graded sewing u 
dressmaking and millinery; physical culture; arts and crafts, including baiketry, bead- 
work, weaving and fancy work; penny provident bank; entertainments; musicali: 
lectures; social clubs and meetings; mothers' meetings weekly; fathers' and mothers' 
meetings monthly. Summer Wpr*.— The setllemeni owns an extensive summer pfanl 
called Lillian Home, at Valencia, Butler Co., Pa. The work was begun in 1903, aad the 
plant includes an eighty-nine acre farm, partly parked and partly under cultivation; 1 
central building and sii wings. 4 cottages, barns, tents; a specially built cement swimming 
pool, etc., etc. In 1909 the house looked after 118; guests for two weeks, 336 for one week. 
and 3437 for a day or more. — a total of 3838 persons. 

Previous Neighborhood 
1707 Penn Avenue (Dec. 25, 1893-Apr., igot) 

NEtCHBORHOOD. "The condilloDS were hard, but the people had courage and as- 
piration, and there were good citizens who wanted only an opportunity to be belter," 
(Second Report.) The people were German. Polish, Hebrew, Irish and American. 

Activities. Made studies in housing; secured the opportunity for the 
larger neighborhood use of the public schools; represented the city officially as 
delegate to the National Conference of Charities and Corrections in 1898; car- 
ried on an investigation for the U. S. Department of Agriculture on Nutrition: 
for the Committee of Fifty on social substitutes for saloons, etc., etc. 

Maintained kindergarten; resident physician service; bank; library; classes in art, 
mechanical drawing, sewing, dancing, military drill, gymnastics; many clubs for literary. 
dramatic and social purposes. 

Former Locations, 1707 Penn Ave., Dec., 1893 (building at 1733 Penn Ave. 
leased for a short time, 1894); 1709 Penn Ave., added to plant and 1735 given up, 1894 ff.; 
Work at the Penn Ave. House closed, April, 1901. 

Residents. Women s, men j. Volunteers. Women 89, men aj. Head 
Residents. Kate A. Everest, Dec, iSgj-April, 1896; Mary B. Lippincott, Sept., iBg6- 
Sept., 1903; William H. Matthews, Nov., igoa-Jan., jgii; Charles C.Cooper, 1911-. 

Literature, Authorized Statements. Annual reports, 1894 — KingsUy 
Home Record (monthly), 1896 — KingiUy HoHse Neai. "A paper printed for circula- 
tion in the house and neighborhood." Dec, 1904 — Investigation of the Housing Situa- 
tion in the Hill and Penn Avenue Districts. KingsUy House Rie., Feb., 1907 — Investiga- 
tion of Vice Conditions in the City. March, 1910. Setatso: Kin gsley House. Cammoni. 
i : 14 (Oct., 1896) — Kingsley House, Pittsburg. Cbar. Rev., vii : 784-5 (Nov., 1897) — 
Loomis, May B.; The Inner Life of the Settlement, Arena, xxiv : 193-197 (August, 1900) 
— Settlement Work in Pittsburg (Kingsley House). Outlook. Ixix : 852 (Nov. jo, 1903) — 
Kingsley House, Pittsburg. Corn-mom, 1x1570 (Nov,. 1904) — Kingsley House, Pitts- 
burg, Charities, xii : 10 (Feb. 30, L904) — The Only Way to Down an Alley (Kingsley 
House). Char., xiii : 577 (March 18, 1905) — Kingsley House, Pittsburg, Commoiu, 
X : 3J3 (April, 1905) — Directory of the Philanthropic Agencies of the City of Pittsburg. 
Pamphlet. Feb,, 1908 — Matthews, William H,: The Meaning of the Social Settlement 
Movement. Together with a chronological sketch of the development of the work of the 
Kingsley House, 1909 — Matthews, William H,; Lillian Hoqie. Survty. xxiv ;407-4i9 
Uune4. i9'o)- 


Wood's Run Industrial Settlement 
Petrel and Hanover Streets, Allegheny (1904-) 

Established December 15, 1905, as the outgrowth of the work of the 
Allegheny Society for the Improvement of the Poor begun in 1895, enlarged to 
the Wood's Run Industrial House with a special building in May, 1904; and 
further developed into a neighborhood house in November 17, 1905, when the 
board voted "That the Wood's Run Industrial House become a settlement for 
strictly social work, and that the relief work be separated from Ihe house as soon 
as a proper agency can be found to do the work in accordance with modern 
methods," Aims "to improve the ethical, social and economic conditions in 
Wood's Run; to provide the means of social intercourse, mutual helpfulness, 
mental and moral improvement and rational and helpful recreation." 

Neichborhood. "The poorer homes of Allegheny are located on streets running 
parallel to and near the river front, and in several wide mouthed ravines or 'runs,' ex- 
lending from the Ohio river back into the hills on theoulskirls of the city. The Wood's 
Run section is the largest, the most thickly populated, and in some respects the most 
lacking in uptifling influences of any of these. In the neighborhood are several targe steel 
works, blast furnaces, foundries and 'toby' factories. The people are Welsh, Irish. 
Jews, Hungarians, etc. with the Slavic races in the majority. The housing is rotten and 
unsanitary, and the lowest type of social-recreational institutions prevail." 

Maintains dispensary: tuberculosis dispensary: resident nursing service; library 
and reading room: class in English for foreignspeakingpeople; Business Men'sAssocia- 
tion (for district betterment); Sunday afternoon lectures on social and economic and reli- 
gious subjects; mothers' meetings; baths: swimming pool: entertainments: classes in 
gymnastics, whitding. manual training, hammock making, clay modeling, cooking, bas- 
ketry, passe partout, sewing, kitchen garden, gymnastics, crocheting, typewriting, elocu- 
llon. dramatics, games, etc. Summer iVork. — Gardens on vacant land, baths, swimming 
pool, playgrounds, outings and picnics, vacations in co-operation with Emma Farm, 
Glenfield and Pair Oaks Fresh Air farms. 

Residents, Women 4. men 1. Volunteers. Women 3;. men 6, He*d 
Workers. Edna Gilbert Meeker. December, tgos-Fall, 1907: John D, Strain, Fall, 
1908-1910: Wood F. Dorchester, July. 1910-. 

Literature. Authoriced Statements. Reports. April. 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 
and leaflets. Ste alio: Changes at Wood's Run, Char, aid Commons, xix ' ia68 (Dec. 
ai, 1907) — Wing, Frank E.: Wood's Run Industrial House Becomes a Settlement. 
Cbar, and Commont, xv : $31 (Jan. 37, 1906), 


The Heights Settlement Association 

georgetown neighborhood house 

East Northampton Street. Georgetown {1908-) 
Established 1908, when much of the work of the Grove Lane House 
(see next page) was transferred to Georgetown. 

A thickly settled factory quarter on the outskirts of the city. 


The people are generally miners, Irish and Welsh, though Poles and Hungarians are sup- 
planting the older residents. 

Maintains kindergarten; visiting nurse; classes in cooking, sewing; mothers' 
club. Summer Work. — Pasteurized milk depot. 

Former Location. 22 Grove Lane, 1905-1910. 

Grove Lane Neighborhood House 

22 Grove Lane (Near Hillside Avenue) 

Established April, 1905. The outgrowth of a kindergarten started by 
a few Bryn Mawr graduates and others in October, 1904. Residence taken up 
in 1908-9. The work was discontinued in 19 10. 

Neighborhood. The neighbors were largely of Irish and Welsh extraction. 
Maintained kindergarten; classes in gymnasium, cooking, home nursing, embroi- 
dery, sewing; boys' and mothers' clubs. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Annual Report, 1909. 



Neighborhood Cottage (Episcopal) 

(Formcriy St, Luke's Cottage. igoa-May, 1910) 
Established March 1, 1908, as the outgrowth of religious and social work 
established by St. Luke's Church (Episcopal), October 18, 1902, to "belter 
needy conditions." Aims "to foster self-help and self-activity. The effort 
has been to work with rather than for the people. They have been encouraged 
to follow the now popular method of Hampton Institute, 'Learning by Doing.'" 
N E re H BOB HOOD. A seciioti of the town familiarly known as Scalloptown, The 
people are fisher folk and squatters along the shore of East Greenwich Bay, the colored 
portion showing a decided strain of Indian blood. Striking conditions of lawlessness and 
municipal neglect materially affect the development of the children. 

Maintains kindergarten: day nursery; savings service; employment bureau; 
classes in sewing, cooking, housework, basketry, chair caning, and singing; a Sunday 
school and a Sunday evening neighborhood meeting. Summir iVotk. — Back yard play- 

Residents, Women 2. men 1. VoLur^TEERS. Women la, men 6. Head 
Rfsident, (Mrs.) Sarah C. Fcmandis. March 1, 1908-, 

Literature. Report, May, 1910 — Pamphlets. 1908, 1909. Sit also: Colored 
Settlement Work. Char, and Commons, xx ; 507 (July 18, 190R) ~- Hampton's Relation 
to the Constructive Needs of the Negro, Soitlbitn Woikman. Apr., 1910. 

The Neighborhood Guild 
Authorities prefer that no information be published. 

AronovicI, Carol: Social Settlements in Providence, Tiibutu, Nov. 19, 1908. 
Charitable and Philanthropic Agencies in Providence. Report of Bureau of In- 
dustrial Statistics, 1909. 

Neighborhood House 
ao5 Point Street 
Established Novetnber, 1907, as an outgrowth of institutional work 
begun by the Rev. Edmund S. Roumaniere and Grace Church in 1904. 
Aims " to provide a center for wholesome social life, to promote the social better- 
ment of the neighborhood, to provide opportunities for the mental and moral 


development of the children and adults of its district, and to fumisfa ID fil^l 
neighbors such aid and advice as will lead towards permanent improvement" 
Incorporated November, 1907. 

Neigitborhood. "One of the leasl advanced sections of the city. The peop(c«t 
Irish -Am eric an. Irish and German. The German element is fairly clean and thrifty." 

Activities. "We are constantly working to secure belter housing utd 
sanitation, cleaner streets and yards; and have succeeded in getting a lane near 
the house properly lighted, and many other minor improvements." 

Maintains employment bureau: backyard playground; classes in cooking, hoose- 
keeping, sewing, dressmaking; social clubs for women, girls, and children. Sumpur WaA. 
— Basketry; nature classes; organ i^ed play. 

Residents. Women i. Volunteers, Women 8. Head REsroENTS. ElIaM. 
Rhodes. Annie P, Woodworth, Nov., 1907-June I, [908; (Mrs.) Evangeline J- FmI^ 
June 1, 1908-. 

Literature. Report, 1910, 


Sprague House Association 

(Formerly Mount Pleasant Settlement) 

7 Armington Avenue 

Established June, igoo, as the outgrowth of the work of the M< 
Pleasant Working Girls' Association (organized November, 1887, and gradually 
adding to the scope of its work for ihe neighborhood). Aims to " use our house 
more nearly to the limits of its capacity for the good of the neighborhood." 
Incorporated January 17, 1903. "to further educational, philanthropic, and social 
work in Mount Pleasant and neighboring districts." 

Neighborhood. "A neighborhood of comfortable homes, with but little real 
poverty and with average educational advantages. We accept for our motto Dean Hodgo' 
, 'Co-opcralion promotes our work . . . puts an end to some of out 
s purposes, directs our efforts . . . and advances the kingdom of God in Ibe 
In order to assure that condition the neighbors of Sprague House are be- 
coming active associate members; are promising their help in governing and in running 
Ibe house, their vote in questions arising concerning it, and their work in unselfish elFarlaf 
all kinds carried on therein. It isnot possible for any group of persons to make themsdves 
responsible for such a high direction of effort without thereby raising the standard of the 
whole community, and in so doing making it for themselves and for their children a 3ret 
more desirable abiding place. It is greatly to be desired that every householder using the 
house may become an associate member of Sprague House Association, attending the an- 
nual meeting, responsible for all that goes on there, paying his dollar a year towards its 
maintenance, and using in every good way and (or all good ends and purposes, such ad- 
vantages its may be obtained through it." 

Maintains branch of the public library; classes in sewing, cooking, darning, knit- 
ting, embroidery, literature, and gymnastics; entertainments and socials. 

Volunteers. Women 30. Head Residents. Miss M. Emerett Coleman, 
June, 1900-July, 1901; Mrs, W. 1. Barlletl, Autumn, 1^1, 3 months; Minnie M. Moore, 
Winter, 1901-1901; Mary Cordon Smedberg, Sept., 1906-Oct., 1907. For information 
address Mrs. Harriet H. McDonald, 137 Waterman St., Providence, R. 1. 



WiLLARD Industrial School and Settlement 

R. F. D. No. 2. 

Established November 25, 1909, by Mrs. E. J. Shankle, "as a social and 
educational center." Incorporated "as an industrial school for various kinds 
of charity work in the neighborhood." Aims "to be of service to the neighbors 
in improving their conditions and to help poor boys and girls to obtain an edu- 
cation." Supported by donations. 

Neighborhood. "Located in the northern part of South Carolina in a mountain- 
ous section, known as the ' Dark Comer.' Much bad housing, lack of educational facilities 
and poverty. Cause — neglect. The people in the entire section are American bom." 

Maintains free day school; boarding industrial school for poor boys and girls not 
near enough to be day students, at or bek>w actual cost of food; circulating Ubraiy; free 
music classes; various clubs; concerts; lectures; farmers' institutes; demonstration of 
intensive fanning; care of orchards; gardening; horticulture; sewing; cooking; fancy 
work; visiting; dispensing clothes and money to needy for necessaries; visiting and 
nursing the sick. 

Location. "Willard School and Settlement consists of 108 acres of land nine 
miles from Landrum, S. C, at the foot of Glassy Mountain. Has three-stoiy building 
known as "Jane Addams Hall/' Prudden Hall, several out buildings and two cabins. 

Residents. Women 2, men 1. Volunteers. Women i, men 1. 

Head Resident. Mrs. E. J. Shankle. 

20 289 


The idea of settlement work was suggested at the State Convention which 
met at Harriman, Tennessee, in the spring of 1901. 

Walkers Valley Settlement 
Blount County 

Established July, 1902, by the clubs of Knoxville and Maryville together 
with a few interested individuals. 

Greenbrier Valley Settlement 
Sevier County 
Established July, 1906, by the Federation of Women's Clubs. 

Fall's Gap Settlement 
Unicoe County 
Established July, 1907, by the Federation of Women's Clubs. 

The Federation aims " to assist in the education of a long neglected class 
of children, and to bring the residents of these valleys and coves into contact 
with the outside world, and to establish higher ideals of living." Supported 
by clubs of State Federation and individuals. 

Neighborhood. *' Each neighborhood is an isolated little cove in the heart of the 
mountains and the problem is everywhere the same — social neglect, ignorance, and poverty. 
The natives are, in the main, American born of good English and Scotch stock, which has 
deteriorated under pressure of isolation and want. There is always, however, in these 
settlements a small element of outcasts and refugees from justice, mingling with the sturdier 

Activities. "A day school and Sunday school. In addition one of the 
residents visits the people in their homes, assists them in times of sickness and 
trouble with sympathy, advice and such material benefactions as she is able to 
supply, teaches them as delicately as may be the beauty and benefits of cleanli- 
ness and right living and the mysteries of hygienic cooking." 

Workers. "The workers change from year to year. Mrs. S. H. Hood is now chair- 
man of the Mountain Settlement Work. Mrs. Emily Webb is, and has been from the 
beginning, head resident, and each center has, in turn, been under her management." 
For information apply to the Secretary, Tennessee Federation of Women's Clubs, Knox- 
ville, Tenn. 

Literature. Reports of the Annual Meetings of the Federation. 




Wesley Chapel and Settlement House (Methodist) 

Furnace Row (Sept., 1908-) 

Established September, 1909, by Ihe Board of City Missions of Bristol, 
Tenn.-Va., "to do Christian settlement work among the employes of the Vir- 
ginia Iron, Coal and Coke Company." 

Neighborhood. Northwest Bristol; close about the Virginia Iron, Coal and Coke 
Company's plant. No foreigners. The people are a good class of poor whites. The 
housing conditions are very good. 

Maintains morning primary class: sewing school: night school: Sunday school; 
homcmakers' club; boys' club; kitchen garden. 

Residents. Women j. Volunteeks. Women 7, men 1. Head Residents. 
Stella Womack, Sept., i90&-O(t., 1909; May Lockard. Oct.. 1909-Feb., 1910: Berta 
Thomai, Aug., 1910-. 

LiterAture. Wesley House. Our Hamtt, xviii : No. 4 (Apr., tgog]. 


Wesley House (Methodist) 

ao2 Exchange Street (1907-) 

EsTADLESKED September, [907. by the Board of City Missions of Ihe 
Methodist Church "for the purpose of reaching a community of people having 
undesirable surroundings for a mental, spiritual, and physical uplift." Main- 
tained by monthly contributions from the auxiliaries of the Woman's Home 
Mission Society of ten Methodist churches, subscriptions from public spirited 
men, and special donations. 

NeicHBORKooD, "The industrial district of Memphis. The people are mostly 
Jews and Italians with some Americans." 

Maintains kindergarten; sewing school; clubs for boys and girls; cottage prayer 
meetings; Sunday school and friendly visiting. 

Residents. Women a. Volunteers. Women 15. Hbao Residents. Sa- 
phronica Webb, 1907-1909; Ida Adreanson, 1909-1910; Janelte Haskin, 1910-. 

Wesley House (Methodist) 
1217 Marion Street 
Established igo8, by the Knoxville City Mission Board of the Woman's 
Home Mission Society, Methodist Episcopal Church South. 
Neighborhood. Cotton Mill district. 

Maintains night school; kindergarten; boys' clubs; sewing school; mothers' 
clubs; friendly visiting. 

Head Resident. Hettie Steward, 1908-. 


Bertha Fensterwald Settlement 

503 North Fifth Avenue (1895-) 

Founded September, 1909, by Joseph Fensterwald and the Council of 
Jewish Women as the outgrowth of social work begun in 1895 by a band of 
Jewish ladies. Aims "to do neighborhood social work." Maintained by sub- 

Neighborhood. Formerly a fine residential quarter. The former inhabitants 
have moved to the suburbs, and a squalid tenement district is fast closing in upon it. The 
work is non-sectarian. Though the members of the house are largely Polish, Russian and 
Hungarian Jews, there are some Protestants and Catholics. 

Maintains kindergarten; reading room; classes in domestic science, sewing, 
kitchen garden and millinery; clubs for women, young people and children; entertain- 
ments, lectures and socials. Summer IVark. — Back yard playground and sandpile; 
directed play; children's gardens; classes in sewing. 

Residents. Women i. Volunteers. Women 14, men i. Head Residents. 
Rachel Matzuer, 1909; Ella Stillman, Sept., 1910-. 

For information address Emma G. (Mrs. A.) Loveman, 312 Clark Place, South. 

Nashville Wesley House (Methodist) 

(Formerly Nashville Settlement Home, 1901-1906) 

243 Filmore Street (1906-) 

Established 1901, by the Nashville City Mission Board, Woman's Home 
Mission Society, "to educate and elevate the people morally, mentally and 
physically; to meet the great social needs of the community, and to improYC 
their environment." 

Neighborhood. "The people are almost entirely American; many are of the 
unfortunate, shiftless, or immoral class." 

Maintains free reading room; kindergarten; kitchen garden; sewing school; 
mothers' club; boys' club; gospel service; monthly entertainment. 

Former Locations. Cor. Murry and Filmore Sts., 1901-1903; Cor. Filmore and 
Willow Sts., 1 903-1 905. 

Residents. Women 2. Volunteers. Women 18, men 2. Head Residents. 
Minerva Clyce, 1901-1902; Saphronica Webb, 1903-1906; Frances Mann, 1^7; Hattie 
Sellars, 1908; Bessie Allen, 1909-. 

Warioto Settlement (Methodist) 

EsTABUSHED 1907, by the Methodist Training School "to give opportun- 
ity for field work to pupils of the school, and to be a social center for the com- 
munity." "Our aim is to make the settlement a powerful center from which 
will radiate social, moral and religious influences that will be a leaven of right- 
eousness for the whole community; purifying the homes, training the children, 
helping the parents, instructing the young men and women, lifting ideals, de- 


creasing disease and suffering, making it easier to live right and harder lo go 
wrong, and enriching the lives of all the people by the unselfish, joyous service 
of living out in the community the life and teachings of CMl'st in a Christian 
home." Maintained by the Training School and the directors of the Warioto 

Necchborhood. Located in the heart of a district numbering i ;,ooo working 
people. In 3tl North Nashville there is no gymnasium nor public baths. A large number 
of the people live in small tenement houses without balhs. without proper means of recrea- 
lion, without literature and practically without any moral and religious instniction. Some 
families are even without an adequate supply of water, for not infrequently they carry 
water the distance of a block from wells that area menace to health. 

Matkt.^ins classes in cooking, sewing, embroidery, home-making, kitchen garden; 
story hour; clubs for women, young people and -children; gymnasium and kindergarten; 
Sunday religious and social meeting;; lectures and entertainments. 

Head Residents. Miss Wilder. 1908-09; Mabel Wheeler. 1909-11; Estelle 
Haskins, 191 1-. Volunteers. Women 5, men 2. 

Literittire. Nashville Banner, Oct. la, 1909; Apr. ia, jgio — Pamphlet, 1910. 

Watkins House (Undenomitiational) 
61 1 Twelfth Avenue, North 

Established April, 1906, by the United Charities. "The object toward 
which this work is directed is the moral, physical and mental uplift of the 
neighborhood." Maintained by the United Charities and private subscription. 

Neiohboshood. a factory district in the hcsrt of the city. The population is 
American of an unstable, unambitious class. 

Maintains kindergarten; clinic; district nursing service; library and reading 
room; rooms for community organizations; gymnastic work for girls and boys; sewing 
school; religious service; domestic science; dramatic club; boys' club; slereoptlcon 
pictures each week. 

Residents. Women 1. Volunteers. Women ij, men 11. Head Resident. 
Evelyn Carrington. 







Neighborhood House 

125 Cedar Springs Road, North Dallas. Centers, East Dallas — Dawson Street, 
near Bourben; South Dallas — Corinth Street, near Cockerell 

Established September, 1900, "to give the kindergarten teachers and 
students an opportunity to live in a simple, wholesome way, and to lend a help- 
ing hand to their neighbors and friends." 

Neighborhood. The people are largely Russian Jews. 

Activities. Maintains a free kindergarten and mothers' club in East 
Dallas (established 1902), and co-operates with the Woman's Federated Clubs 
in a Kindergarten Center in South Dallas (established 1902). 

Maintains kindergarten; mothers' club; playground; resident nurse; rummage 
sale; classes in cooking and sewing; clubs for young women and boys, for social ends. 

Residents. Women 14. Head Residents. Mary Howell Wilson; Mary King 
Drew, 1907-. 

Literature. Authorized Statements. Annual Reports. 

Wesley Chapel and Settlement Home (MethcKiist) 

188 Mc Kinney Avenue (July, 1909-) 

Established April, 1903, by the Woman's Board of City Missions of the 
Dallas Methodist churches, "for the purpose of giving a helping hand to those 
under the shadow of the evil about them, and to teach in a practical way the 
gospel of love, — love as the ruling force in all relations of life." Maintained by 
monthly contributions from the auxiliaries of the Woman's Home Mission So- 
ciety of six Methodist churches, and occasional donations from others* 

Neighborhood. A factory and laundry district. The population is partly Amer- 
ican and partly foreign, one-fourth of the heads of families being foreign bom. The 
quarter is crowded with saloons and other houses of vice, and the drug habit prevails 
among the people. 

Maintains day nursery; kindergarten; clinic; district nursing service; tub and 
shower baths; library and reading room; rummage sale; gymnastic work for boys and 
girls; rooms for community organizations; sewing school; domestic science classes; 
religious services and Sunday school; three boys' clubs; two girls' clubs; young ladies' 
club; mothers' club. At the request of the workers a night school was established in 
connection with the city schools. Books from the Carnegie public library are secured. 
A playground is maintained in which are provided the following: acting bar, swings, flying 
rings, see saws, croquet, tennis, and basket ball. Summer IVork. — Gardens. 




WESLEY HOUSE (Methodist) 
300 Cockrell Avenue 
Established July, 1909. 

Neiokborhooo. The house is 1 oca led in the cotton milts district of South DalUs. 
The chief problems are the poverty and low standard of living In the homes, and the shif t- 
lessness and drunkenness of the men. 

Maintains clinic: nursing service; library; rummage sales; sewing school; cook- 
ing school; kitchen garden; boys' clubs: girls' clubs; mothers' club 

Former Locations. 190 Collin St., Apr., igoj-Aug., 1907: 17; Caniih St.. Aug., 
1907-July, 1909. Moved our chapel to our own lot, adding to it rooms for institutional 

Residents. Women 4, men 1. Volunteers. Men and women from six Metho- 
dist churches and workers from the Young Men's Christian Association. 

Head Residents. Wesley Chapel and Settlement, 188 McKinneySt., Estellc 
Haskin. Sept., i90J-Apr., 1905; Mary Ogilvie, Oct., 1905-May. 1906; Ida .^dreansen, 
June, T9o6-July, 1909; (Mrs.) Ida Reeves, July, 1909-June. 1910; Rhoda Annette Dra- 
goo, Oct., 1910-. Wesley House, 100 Cockrell Ave . Grace Hemenway, Sept.. 1909-. 

Literature. AyTHOwiED Statemests. Annual Report of Woman's Home Mis- 
sion Board for 190;, 1906, 1907, 1908. 1909. Published by Methodist Publishing House, 
Nashville, Tenn. — First Annual Reporl, 190J-4, Dallas Board of City Missions — 
Reports in Our Homes, organ of Woman's Home Mission Society — Reports in The 
King's Messtnger, edited by Mrs, W. H. Johnson, Dallas, Tex, — Reports in Texas 
Cbrislian Advocafe. published in Dallas — Annual Reporl of Woman's Home Mission 
Society of North Texas — Conference of M. E. Church, South, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910. 


Neighborhood House {Undenominational) 

1900 Crump Street 

EsTABLiSHED Octobet, fgoS. by the Fort Worth Kindergarten and Social 
Settlement Association, "for charitable, philanthropic and educational pur- 
poses." Maintained by private contributionSi and a grant from the city and 
county commissioners. 

Neighborhood. Third Ward, or " Irish Town," seltled by employes of railroads, 
candy factory, and (lour mills. The people ate Americans, foreigners, and many Negroes, 
the latter not touched by the work. 

Activities. The association has been instrumental in securing kinder- 
gartens in the public schools. 

Maintains library; playground; kinder^rlen; day nursery; stamp savings; 
rummage sale room; classes in sewing, cooking, fancy work: clubs for boys; mission 
Sunday school. 

Residents. Women 3. Volunteers. Women 4. Head Resident. (Mrs.) 
Margaret Grabill, 1908-. 


The Settlement House 

1701 Maple Street (1909-) 
Established May, 1909. The outgrowth of some sewing classes begun 
by a group of ladies in T906-7. Aims "to provide clubs and classes, to make 
men, women and children better, and thus react upon their home and neighbor- 
hood conditions; .... through residence and visiting to leam the condi- 
tions with which people are contending and then to aid them in their efforts to 
remove the adverse conditions; .... to assist the neighbors to focM 
general attention on the needs of the neighborhood, and through an enlightened 
public sentiment to force a reconstruction of the social environment." 

Neighborhood. A downtown mixed factory, lodging house, and tenemait 
quarter. The people are three-fifths Jews, one-third Negroes, and the remainder Ger- 
mans, Irish, Americans. 2nd Mexicans. 

Activities. Through its men's club, has been able to better the moral 
conditions of its ward, and is planning a registry of reputable lodging houses. 
Studying the facts of juvenile delinquency, child labor, etc., looking to the more 
adequate treatment of these questions. The association supplied the neighbor- 
ing public school with domestic science equipment and the board of education 
provided 3 sloyd equipment. Demonstrated the need of a school for delinquent 
boys and the city and county have provided such a school. Organized the 
Federated Charities. 

Maintains kindergarten (co-operation board of education); dispensary; modified 
milk station; resident visiling nurse; playground: library; reading room; game room; 
slory hour; classes in sewing and dancing: clubs for men (Second Ward Citizens' Club), 
women, young people, and children, with civic, literary and social aims; entertainmeati 
and socials. Summer tt'ork. — Shower baths (using Rusk School equipment); claisei in 
weaving, housekeeping, sewing, natural history; English classes for Jewish immigrants; 
and most of Ihe regular winter work. 

Former Locations. 1S17 RumellsSt., 1906; }8 Gable St., 1907. 

Residents. Women 3, men 1. Volunteers. Women la, men a. Head 
Resident. J. P. Kranz, Oct., 1909-. ^^^ 

Literature. Authorized Statements, Year Book, 1909. ^^^| 

Wesley House (Methodist) ^|H 

1 112 Montgomery Avenue (Sept., 1908-) 

Established September, 1907, by the City Board of Home Missions 
(Methodist) "for Christian settlement work." Maintained by the Metho- 
dist churches of the city. 

Neighborhood, The people are American, German. Armenian. Syrian, Mexican 
and Italian. 

Maintains day nursery; district nursing service; aco-operalive boarding homefor 
girls; kindergarten: nighi school for foreigners; sewing school; Bible school and preaclh 
Ing service in Spanish; parish visiting. 

Locations. 1419 Conti St., Sept., 1907-1908. 

Residents. Women 10. Head Resident. Matlie M. Wright. 1907-. 

Literature. Wesley House. Our Hotmt, S«pt., 1909. 

Marston Hall (Methodist) 

Established January, 1910, by the Woman's Home Mission Society of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church South, "to uplift the people morally, socially, 
and spiritually." The house aims " to furnish a place for social intercourse and 
recreatbn; to supply some of the leaching Ihe home lacks; and to bring addi- 
tional force and attractiveness to Christiantty." 

Neighborhood. A mining lown of be[ween 800 and looo persons, the coal 
company owning the property and houses of Ihe town. The people are three-fourths 
foreign bom. being largely Italians and Mexicans, though there is a sprinkling of many 
other peoples. The poptilation is transient in the extreme, which complicates social 
work. There is great need for leaching concerning the essentials cif living and for some 
adequate social provisions. 

Maintains public library; Sunday school (or foreigncri; temperance societies and 
religious meetings; night school; kindergarten; classes in housekeeping and cooking; 
clubs for young men. young women, and children. 

Residents. Women 4. Head Resident. Eugenia Smith, 1910-. 


EvANGELiA House (Undenominational) 

Itai Webster Street (1909-) 

Established in the fall of 1906. by two young women. Maintained by 

them with assistance of friends until January. 1910. when placed in the hands of 

a board of women representing all denominations. Maintained by quarterly 

contributions from interested citizens and churches, and organized "for the 

uplift of the people of the neighborhood, physically, intellectually, socially, and 


Neigh flONHoon. Milt district (woolen goods), with homes of mechanics and labor- 
ing class. Population American, poor and uneducated. 

Maintains kindergarten: library and reading room: sewing and kitchen garden 
clubs; games for boys; social clubs for young people; playground; religious services and 
Sunday school. 

Residents. Women a, men 1. Voluntebrs. Women 18, men 1. Head 
College students (volunteer), 1907-igio; Margaret Van Fleet, 1910-. 



Locust Street Social Settlement 

320 Locust Street (1890-) 

Established October, 1890, by Mrs. Janie Porter Barrett, "to help girb 
and women to become good homemakers, and to improve the social life of the 

Neighborhood. A section of Hampton inhabited mainly by Negroes. 

Activities. The work was begun by Mrs. Barrett asking a few girls 
once a week to her home, and was carried on as a personal venture until 1903 
when a club house was erected. Since that time the work has been enlarged to 
include clubs for women, boys, lectures and much general social work. Instru- 
mental in starting a playground and library, and in encouraging athletic games. 

"We are teaching through the efforts of the settlement house, how to have 
more attractive homes, cleaner back yards, more attractive front yards, cleaner 
sidewalks, how to have better gardens, how to raise poultry successfully, the 
proper food for the family, care and feeding of infants and small children. 
Through the efforts of the house much has been done to improve the social life 
of the community." 

Maintains library; playground with supervised play; classes in cooking, sewing, 
mending, quilt making, embroidery, stenciling, bead work, paper work, home gardoi: 
clubs for women, young people and children, with social, gardening and athletic interests; 
entertainments, lectures and socials. Summer IVork. — Playground; excursions and picnics; 
children's gardens; distribution of seeds and cuttings; flower and' vegetable shows, etc 

Residents. Women i, men i. Volunteers. Women 16, men 4. Head 
Resident. Mrs. Harris Barrett, 1890-. 

Literature. Authorized Articles. Batchelder, M. C: A Social Settlement 
Day. Southern IVorkman, Jan., 1904 — Article by Mrs. Esther Brown, Sautbern IVork- 
man, July, 1904, p. 393 — Settlement at Hampton, Va. Commons, xix : 438 (Sept, 
1904) — Foster, George E.: The Locust Street Settlement. Itbacan, Oct. 31, 1908, p. 
13 — Some Results of Hampton's Work, 1909 — Barrett, Mrs. Harris: Negro Women's 
Clubs and the Community. Southern IVorkman, Jan., 19 10, p. 33-34 — Femandis, Sarah 
Collins: Hampton's Relation to the Constructive Needs of the Negro. Souibem IVork- 
man, Apr., 1910, p. 204 — The Locust Street Settlement. Pamphlet (undated). 


Wesley House (Methodist) 

1503 Effingham Street (June, 1910-) 

Established February, 1910, by the Methodist Board of City Missions, 
as an outgrowth of the work of the city missionaries, and a deaconess employed 



in October. 1909. "to minister to those in need of menial and spiritual help; 
and to be a social center." Maintained by monthly contributions from the 
auxiliaries of the Woman's Home Mission Society of four Methodist churches, 
a contribution from the manager of the Tidewater Knitting Mill, and from 

Neichborhood. "The work is not concentrated in one neighborhood, but touches 
two or three. The population is American, most of whom are hard working." 

Maintains jewing school: night school; boys' club: junior league; small library; 
lunch room for girls of nearby mill. 

Former Location, gij Green St., Feb.. 1910-June. 19(0. 

Residents. Women 3. Volunteers. Women 7, men i. Hi*n Resident. 
Nannelte R. Hudson, igio-. 

Literature. Articles for Reports of Woman's Board of Cily Missions of 1909-1910. 
and .\nnual Meeling at Home Mission Society of Virginia Conference (not yet published) 
— Article for Our Homa (not yet published). 


The Nurses Settlement 

201 East Gary Street (August, 1909-) 

Established October, 1900. by Miss S. H. Cabaniss and a group of six 
young women of the graduating class of the Old Dominion Hospital training 
school. The founders aimed lo do nursing work in the homes of the people and 
to carry on a neighborhood center. Incorporated 1901. Maintained by the 

Neighborhood. A needy neighborhood wherein is much bad housing, and a 
great lack of social opportunity. The people arc Russian Jews, Negroes and Americans, 

Activities. The residents supported themselves by occasional private 
nursing until the community was educated to the need of their work. Instru- 
mental in organizing the Visiting Nursing Association, the Associated Charities. 
the playground movement, the Tuberculosis Association, the establishment of 
a tuberculosis camp, the school nursing service, etc. 

Maintains visiting nursing headquarters; kindergarten; mothers' club (meets tn 
neighborhood): newsboys club: class In home nursing; much informal friendly visiting. 

Locations. 108 North Seventh St., 1901-1909. 

Residents. Women 9 (nurses). Volunteers. Women 4, men 1. Head 
Residents, Miss S. H. Cabaniss, 1900-Fall. 1909: Miss N. J. Minor. Fall. 1909-. 

Literature. Minor, N, J.: The Nurses' Settlement in Richmond, /fm/c Jour. 
0/ Nursing. Sept,. 1903 — The Nurses' Setllemcnl at Richmond. By Miss Minor and 
Miss Cabaniss. Am^. Jour, of NuT$i>tg, Hi : 634 — An Old Richmond Tavern as a Seitle- 
menl House. Cbarilies, xiv : 708 (May 6, 190$) — The Nurses' Settlement In Richmond, 
Virginia. Cbar. and Commotii, »vi : 47 (Apr. 7, 1906). 





The Neighborhood Settlement 

299 Fourth Street 

Non-resident Centers at 920 Racine Street, 1432 Galena Street, 350 Ginton 


Established 1906, by the union of the work of the Mission Kindergarten 
Association (organized 1884) and the Neighborhood Association, an auxiliary 
of the Kindergarten Association organized in 1904 to carry on industrial and club 
work. The association conducts its work in four centers. " Besides the kinder- 
garten and day nurseries there are clubs and classes for all ages. The buildings 
are open daily for the children after school hours. At other times they are 
open to adults and young people for social gatherings, classes, and clubs. A 
few of us live at headquarters and try to make the place hospitable and home- 
like to every one." 1909. 

Neighborhood. "A downtown district in what is known as the 'Bad Lands.' 
The quarter abounds in cheap shows where children are admitted alone; low saloons, 
dance halls, and alley tenements. The people are white and colored, some of whom have 
intermarried, and there is a large colony of recently arrived Greeks. The great problem 
is to interest children and young people in clean, decent things, natural to their age." 

Activities. The Association provided the first kindergarten, cooking 
school, playground, and nurseries in the